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TASK 1 Learning Activity 2

No. Complete these sentences about the different stages of a recount.

Use the words in the box.
1. The orientation stage of a recount orients the reader to the events in the story. It
tells the reader who the story is about, where it happened and when the event
2. In the record of events stage, the writer retells the events in a logical time
sequence so that the reader can follow them easily.

3. In the reorientation stage, the writer rounds off the story and brings the reader back to
the reason why the story is being told.

2. Read again the text entitled ‘Fishing’ above. How many events are there mentioned in
the text? List them from the first to the last events.
1) I woke up earlier in the morning, and then I went to the
marketplace to buy some shrimps I would use for the fishing
2) After that, I went to the lake to start fishing.
3) At the lake, I looked for the best point to fish. I went to the place
under a big tree at the bank of the lake.
4) threw my hook as far as I could, and then I waited for the fish
eating my bait. After about a thirty-minute waiting, I felt that a
Record of Events fish ate my bait, and it was true. I got a big fish. It was the first
big enough fish I got in fishing. I got ten big fish and three small
fish that day. I was very happy.
5) I would cook those fish at home and then I would call my friends
to come to my house. We would have a small party.
6) But I was not lucky enough because on the way home, I met a
beggar. He was an old poor beggar. I gave all of my fish to him
and I wish he would be happy getting those fish. Perhaps, he
could sell them at the market and got some money to buy some

3. Read again the text entitled ‘Ballooning’ above, and then answer these questions
which are related to it:
No. Questions Answers
1. Who firstly made a balloon? The Montgolfier brothers firstly did.
2. When did people fly freely by balloon The first free balloon flight was in
for the first time? And where? December, 1783. The balloon flew for 25
minutes over Paris.
3. What does ‘it’ in paragraph 1 refer to? It refers to the first air transportation.
4. There are two words ‘they’ in paragraph They refers to the same thing, that is
1? Do they refer to the same thing? Balloon.
5. How was the first balloon developed? The first balloon was filled a very large
paper bag with hot air. Hot air is lighter
than cold air, so it goes up.
6. What does ‘Flying a balloon is not like It means that the balloon has no engine and
flying a plane’ mean in paragraph 4? therefore no power of its own. The wind
directs the balloon. It goes where the wind
blows although Balloon also needs pilot to
control it. But, flying plane is different. The
plane has many complicated feature. The
plane needs run way to take off or to land
but the plane is easier to control by people
than balloon.
7. Why didn’t people gradually like They didn’t like to fly by balloon anymore
anymore to fly by balloon? because planes were much faster and easier
to control.
8. Why do some people still like to fly by Because when they high up in the balloon
balloon today? basket, they find quiet. They have a
wonderful view of the world below.
9. Why didn’t people stop flying by Because ballooning was exciting while
balloon although it was dangerous at there was no the air transportation like jet
the early days? aircraft.
10. Summarize the text by making its outline  The first kind of air transportation was a
 The first real balloon flight was in
France in 1783 made by two
Frenchmen, the Montgolfier brothers
 Ballon was built by a fire under the
balloon to make the air hot.
 The first free balloon flight was in
December, 1783.
 Balloonists tried longer flights of
ballooning was the first long flight over
 During the nineteenth century,
ballooning became a popular sport.

4. Read each paragraph. Working in pairs, decide on the best topic. Be sure your topic
is not too general or two specific. Write the topic below the paragraph.

a. Galileo Galilei was one of the first modern scientists. He was born in Pisa, Italy,
1564. At first, he studied philosophy, but later he studied mathematics and astronomy.
He was interested in the way the earth and other planets move around the sun. He found
out several important facts about our world. He also started a new way of working in
science. Before Galileo, scientists did not do experiments. They just guessed about how
something happened. Galileo was different. He did not just make guesses. He did
experiments and watched to see what happened.

Topic: Galileo’s passions

b. Galileo is famous for his study of how things fall. He was the first person to do
experiments about this problem. Before, people thought that heavy things always fell
faster than light things. He found out that this was not true. He took a heavy ball and a
light ball and he dropped them both from a high place. They fell at the same speed. This
meant that weight is not important. This is the law off falling bodies. It is an important
law for understanding our world.

Topic: Galileo’s experiments

c. The life of a scientist was not always easy in the 1500s. For example, Galileo got
into trouble because of his scientific ideas. His ideas were not the same as the
religious ideas at the time. Many religious people did not agree with him. During his
whole life he had to worry about this. He even went to prison for a while. But no one
could stop him from thinking. He continued to look for scientific answers to his
questions about the world.

Topic: Galileo’s way to be a scientist

5. Read this personal spoken recount by Tom Bass, a famous Australian sculptor.
The recount tells us about a particular incident when Tom discovered his talent for
carving. On the left, mark the stage of orientation, record of events, and reorientation.

 When I was 16 – that’d be in 1932 – my family lived in St Peters

and it was a very slummy part of St Peters and it was right in the
Orientation very heart of the Depression and I’d realized I was an artist when
I was 8 years old.

 One day my younger brother who was six or seven years younger
than me who used to play on the rubbish tip of the local foundry
just down at the end of the street came home with two pieces of
what looked like stone.
 It turned out that … that what he’d brought home was core-sand
… that’s what they cast metal into and the way they used to do it
in those days – I don’t know if they do it now – but they used to
mix the sand with linseed oil and that would hold it together and
Record of events
then the heat of the metal would fuse it all together … and it was
dark and a beautiful color and you know to all intents and
purposes it looked like stone and I had an impulse to try carving
this because I’d been trying to do things of all kinds but mainly
drawing and things like that and we only had an old hammer with
broken handle and a funny old screwdriver and you know I
started with these … and I found myself having this amazing
experience and actually discovering I could carve.
 It just happened in that way.

6. In this recount, Tom has added another stage of explanation to the basic pattern. Use a
highlighter pen to mark this stage. Why do you think Tom added this stage to the basic
… and I found myself having this amazing experience and actually discovering I could carve.
He added because wanted to tell the readers to enforce/strengthen his statement that he
was an artist

7. Reread the orientation to Tom’s recount and write the words which tell you where and
when the incident happened.

a. When : In 1924 when he was 8 years old

b. Where : In St. Peters

8. Number these events in Tom’s recount in the correct order:

a. I discovered that I could carve. (3)

b. It was an amazing experience. (4)

c. I started to carve with an old hammer with a broken handle and (2)
a funny old screwdriver.

d. My younger brother brought home some core sand (1)

9. The stages of this written recount are not in the correct order. Number the stages,
and discuss why the order should be in that way. Mark the orientation, record of
events, and reorientation of the recount text.

Title Thomas and the Gorillas

Orientatio It was a hot summer day in Chicago. The Kemper family decided it was
a good day to go to the Brookfield Zoo. Janet and Kevin Kemper had two
children: Thomas, 3, and Sally, 6 months. Thomas loved going to the
zoo. He liked watching all the animals, but he especially loved the

Record of The Kempers went straight to the gorilla exhibit. There were six adult
Events gorillas and a three-month-old baby gorilla. In the Brookfield Zoo, the
animals are not in cages. They are in large areas dug out of the ground.
These areas have fences around them so the animals cannot get out and
people cannot fall in.
But three-year-old boys are good climbers. While the Kempers were
watching the gorillas, little Sally started to cry. Kevin took her from
Janet, and Janet looked in her bag for a bottle of juice. In those few
seconds, Thomas climbed up the fence.
A woman saw him and shouted, “Stop him!” A tall man reached up to get
him, but it was too late. Thomas fell down the other side of the fence. He
fell 18 feet onto the hard concrete floor. He lay very still, with blood on
his head. Janet and Kevin shouted for help. People crowded around the
fence, and someone ran to get a zoo worker.
But before the zoo worker arrived, a gorilla went over to Thomas. It was
Binti Jua, an eight-year-old mother gorilla. She had her baby gorilla on
her back. With one “arm” she picked up the little boy. She carried him
carefully over to a door, walking on three legs. There she put Thomas
down so a zoo worker could get him.
Reorientation Janet and Kevin ran to the door, too. Thomas was badly hurt and had to
go to the hospital, but after a few days he was better. The story was on
the evening news in Chicago. Some people cheered and others cried
when they heard it. But many of them thought about that mother gorilla
and asked themselves, “What is she doing in a zoo? What is the
difference between a gorilla and me?”