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INDEX

1. Purpose

2. References

3. Barge Characteristics & Loading Condition

4. Modules Characteristics & Lay out on the Barge Deck

5. Environmental Conditions during Transit

6. Motions Analysis Results

7. Loads on Grillage and Seafastening

8. Grillage & Seafastening Structural Check.

9. Barge Local Structural Analysis.

10. Barge Longitudinal Strength Check.

11. Barge Stability Check.

Annexes:

Annex A – Figures of FEM Analysis

Annex B – Barge Longitudinal Strength Check Results

Annex C – Letter from ABS Indicating the SWBM and Shear

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1. PURPOSE.

The Modules M05 and M06 for the P-56 will be transported from Nuova Pignone yard located in
Caju, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, to Angra dos Reis, RJ, on the barge BS-1.

The present document presents the structural check of the barge and the calculations pertaining
the grillage and seafastening of the modules, and stability calculations for the tow.

2. REFERENCES.

[1] Noble Denton – 0030/ND Rev 3 – Guidelines for Marine Transportations.


[2] Drawing 01.214- Seção Mestra Balsa de Serviço no.1, 23/03/73, Verolme Estaleiros
Reunidos do Brasil, Petrobras.
[3] I-RL-3010.71-1231-960-NOQ-001 Rev 0 – M06 Module Weight Control Report.
[4] I-RL-3010.71-1231-960-NOQ-002 Rev 0 – M05 Module Weight Control Report.
[5] ABS Rules for Testing and Certification of Materials.
[6] ABS Rules for Building and Classing Mobile Offshore Drillings Units, 2006, Part 3 Hull
Construction and Equipment; items 3.11 and 3-2-1 (ii).
[7] 1156_BS-1 Generalidades e Especificações.
[8] I-DE-3010.66-5130-960-MUZ-008 – P-53 Compression Modules, Grillage and Seafastening,
Reformed Grillage (2/4) and New Grillage (3/4).
[9] Letter (H)-799/93(S-1) of 04/10/93, from ABS to Petrobras indicating the SWBM and Shear
(reproduced in the Annex C).
[10] CSM010-TPN Rev A - Technical Report – Seakeeping – Numerical Evaluation (P-56
Platform M05 and M06 Modules Transportation), São Paulo 2009.
[11] Document Review Comment Sheet – job no. 097210-011-P, Noble Denton, 25/09/2009.
[12] Marine Operations DNV, Part 1, Chapter 3, Design Loads, Jan 1996.
[13] DNV Classification Notes 30.1 May 1992 – Buckling Strength Analysis.
[14] DNV Rules for Classification of Ships.

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3. BARGE CHARACTERISTICS & LOADING CONDITION.

The barge BS-1 of Petrobras will be used. Principal particulars as follow:

Length: 75.0 m
Breadth: 23.0 m
Depth: 5.0 m
Maximum draft: 4.02 m for displacement of 6452 tons
Deadweight: 5347 tons
Lightweight: 1105 tons
LCG: 37.50 m from bow; TCG: 0.00 m VCG: 2.80 m
Classified by ABS American Bureau of Shipping
Load on deck 3.5 t/m2.

Sea transportation draft: 2.70 m (trim astern)

Ballast used: all tanks empty (only residual water) except peak tank AFS with 115.6 m3.

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4. MODULES CHARACTERISTICS & LAY OUT ON THE BARGE DECK

The final positions of the modules on the barge are as follows (shown in figure below):

Item Weight LCG TCG VCG


(tons) (m) (m) (m)
Module M05 (ref[4]) 1318 18.48 0.045 7.815
Module M06 (ref[3]) 1385 -18.13 0.675 7.605

The datum references: LCG from midship, positive forward; TCG from centerline, positive to
port side; VCG from deck

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5. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS DURING TRANSIT

Distance from Guanabara Bay to Angra dos Reis Bay: 72 NM


Considering conservatively the convoy speed of 4 knots, the voyage duration will be 18 hours.
Using a contingency time of 25% (item 6.6.1.d of ref.[1]), the time anticipated for the voyage or
operational reference period will be 22,5 hours.

The reference period TR of the marine operation will be less than 72 hours and so the operation
could be defined as Weather Restricted, according to section 6.3 of ref.[1]. Therefore the design
environmental conditions could be set independent of extreme statistical data.

Wave Conditions:

Noble Denton requires a significant wave height of HS = 3,653 m as design criteria. This value
was found using the cumulative probability function of Weibull with 10% of probability to be
exceeded, with Ho and j for Brazilian East coast (zone 74) of ref.[12].
The corresponding HMAX required by Noble Denton is 1,86 x 3,653 = 6,795 m
According to ref.[1] the peak period to be examined in motion analysis will be:
7,21s < TP < 10,95s.
The Jonswap spectrum is recommended taking into consideration the navigation will be in
shallow waters, so, the zero up-crossing period corresponding to that peak period is (item 7.3.3
of ref.[1]): 5,82s < TZ < 7,82s.

Wind Conditions:

A wind velocity of 35 knots (18 m/s) will be adopted for structural design criteria. For stability
criteria Noble Denton requires 50 m/s.

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6. MOTIONS ANALYSIS RESULTS

The motion analysis of the barge was carried out with the software WAMIT using the
environmental data of item 5. According to ref.[10], de results for wave height of 1,86 Hs are
(maximum values):

M05
Results Unit Value Description
Ax m/s2 0.605 Max. pitch & surge accelerations at module’s CoG
Ay m/s2 1.968 Max. roll & sway accelerations at module’s CoG
Az m/s2 2.711 Max. heave acceleration at module’s CoG
Acc.MaxRoll rad/m2 0.145 Max. angular roll accelerations at module’s CoG
Acc.MaxPitch rad/m2 0.091 Max. angular pitch accelerations at module’s CoG
Roll Max. deg. 10.048 Max. roll angle
Pitch Max. deg. 5.750 Max. pitch angle

M06
Results Unit Value Description
ax m/s2 0.623 Max. pitch & surge accelerations at module’s CoG
ay m/s2 1.926 Max. roll & sway accelerations at module’s CoG
az m/s2 2.741 Max. heave acceleration at module’s CoG
Acc.MaxRoll rad/m2 0.145 Max. angular roll accelerations at module’s CoG
Acc.MaxPitch rad/m2 0.091 Max. angular pitch accelerations at module’s CoG
Roll Max. deg. 10.048 Max. roll angle
Pitch Max. deg. 5.750 Max. pitch angle

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7. LOADS ON GRILLAGE AND SEAFASTENING

The figure below shows the feet numbering used in the calculation.

M06 M05

7/66
Trim = 0,35 degree trim angle
tetaroll = 10,05 degree roll angle MÓDULO M05
fipitch = 5,75 degree pitch angle

Wm = 1318 t module weight


Lm = 30,00 m module length
Bm = 18,75 m module breadth
Hm = 12,80 m module height

a= 18,750 m distance between module feet in transverse direction (m)


b= 17,160 m distance between module feet in longitudinal direction (m)
ag = 9,420 m distance from aft starboard module foot to COG in transverse direction (m)
bg = 7,230 m distance from aft starboard module foot to COG in longitudinal direction (m)

Distribution factors Static vertical forces - roll angle = 0,00

module foot no.1 r1 = 0,2879 module foot no.1 r1xWm = 379 t


module foot no.2 r2 = 0,2907 module foot no.2 r2xWm = 383 t
module foot no.3 r3 = 0,2097 module foot no.3 r3xWm = 276 t
module foot no.4 r4 = 0,2117 module foot no.4 r4xWm = 279 t

Static vertical forces - roll angle = 10,048 graus Static vertical forces - pitch angle+trim = 6,103 graus

module foot no.1 r1xWm = 374 t module foot no.1 r1xWm = 377 t
module foot no.2 r2xWm = 377 t module foot no.2 r2xWm = 381 t
module foot no.3 r3xWm = 272 t module foot no.3 r3xWm = 275 t
module foot no.4 r4xWm = 275 t module foot no.4 r4xWm = 277 t

az0= 2,71 m/s2 heave acceleration in head seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)
az90= 2,71 m/s2 heave acceleration in beam seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)
ax = 0,61 m/s2 pitch and surge acceleration in head seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)
ay = 1,97 m/s2 roll and sway acceleration in beam seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)
hg = 6,590 m distance from top of grillage to COG of module (m)
tetarollacc = 0,145 rad/s2 angular roll acceleration in beam seas (rad/s2)
fipitchacc = 0,091 rad/s2 angular pitch acceleration in head seas (rad/s2)

Fevt hs= 364 t vertical load due to heave - hs = head seas


Fevt bs= 364 t vertical load due to heave - bs = beam seas
Feht+ = 554 t transverse parallel to deck load due to weight&roll&sway&heave+
Feht- = 427 t transverse paralel to deck load due to weight&roll&sway&heave-
Fehl+ = 260 t longitudinal parallel to deck load due to weight&pitch&surge&heave+
Fehl- = 182 t longitudinal parallel to deck load due to weight&pitch&surge&heave-
2
rxx2 = 54 m transverse gyration radius of module
2
It = 70747 t.m transverse inertia of module
Met = 10258 kN.m moment due to roll
2
ryy2 = 111 m longitudinal gyration radius of module
2
Il = 146029 t.m longitudinal inertia of module
Met = 13347 kN.m moment due to pitch
hwt = 7,76 m distance from top of grillage to COW of module for transverse wind (m)
hwl = 6,41 m distance from top of grillage to COW of module for longitudinal wind (m)
Fwt = 288 kN transverse wind load
Fwl = 180 kN longitudinal wind load

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Dynamic vertical forces (heave, roll & sway):

Component of heave+ for beam seas (Fevt bs) perpendicular to deck :


module foot no.1 r1xFevt= 103 t
module foot no.2 r2xFevt= 104 t
module foot no.3 r3xFevt= 75 t
module foot no.4 r4xFevt= 76 t
359 t
Moment of horizontal load due to roll&sway&heave+ hgxFeht = 3649 t.m (Heave up)
Moment of horizontal load due to roll&sway&heave- hgxFeht = 2812 t.m (Heave down)
Moment due to roll Met = 1046 t.m
Moment due to transverse wind hwt x Fwt = 228 t.m

Resultant dynamic vertical forces due to moments:


module foot no.1 = 152 t (heave+) 126 t (heave-)
module foot no.2 = 152 t (heave+) 126 t (heave-)
module foot no.3 = 111 t (heave+) 92 t (heave-)
module foot no.4 = 111 t (heave+) 92 t (heave-)

Dynamic vertical forces (heave, pitch & surge):

Component of heave for head seas (Fevt hs) perpendicular to deck:


module foot no.1 r1xFevt= 104 t
module foot no.2 r2xFevt= 105 t
module foot no.3 r3xFevt= 76 t
module foot no.4 r4xFevt= 77 t
362 t
Moment of horizontal load due to pitch&surge&heave+ hgxFehl = 1711 t.m (Heave up)
Moment of horizontal load due to pitch&surge&heave- hgxFehl = 1201 t.m (Heave down)
Moment due to pitch Mel = 1361 t.m
Moment due to longitudinal wind hwl x Fwl = 117 t.m

Resultant dynamic vertical forces due to moments:


module foot no.1 = 92 t (heave+) 78 t (heave-)
module foot no.2 = 93 t (heave+) 93 t (heave-)
module foot no.3 = 93 t (heave+) 93 t (heave-)
module foot no.4 = 92 t (heave+) 92 t (heave-)

r1 = starboard aft foot (crossing of axis 3 and A)


r2 = port aft foot (crossing of axis 3 and H)
r3 = starboard fore foot (crossing of axis 6 and A)
r4 = port fore foot (crossing of axis 6 and H)

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FOR ROLL:

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.1: Total vertical reaction at module foot no.2:

F1+ = 629 t F2+ = 633 t


F1- = 144 t F2- = 147 t

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.3: Total vertical reaction at module foot no.4:

F3+ = 458 t F4+ = 461 t


F3- = 105 t F4- = 107 t

FOR PITCH:

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.1: Total vertical reaction at module foot no.2:

F1+ = 574 t F2+ = 580 t


F1- = 181 t F2- = 182 t

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.3: Total vertical reaction at module foot no.4:

F3+ = 444 t F4+ = 446 t


F3- = 105 t F4- = 108 t

Dynamic transverse forces (Feht+Fwt) 583 t Dynamic longitudinal forces (Fehl + Fwl) = 278 t

module foot no.1 = 337 t module foot no.1 = 138 t


module foot no.2 = 337 t module foot no.2 = 140 t
module foot no.3 = 246 t module foot no.3 = 138 t
module foot no.4 = 246 t module foot no.4 = 140 t

foot 1 = starboard aft foot (crossing of axis 3 and A)


foot 2 = port aft foot (crossing of axis 3 and H)
foot 3 = starboard fore foot (crossing of axis 6 and A)
foot 4 = port fore foot (crossing of axis 6 and H)

10/66
Trim = 0,35 degree trim angle
tetaroll = 10,05 degree roll angle MÓDULO M06
fipitch = 5,75 degree pitch angle

Wm = 1385 t module weight


Lm = 30,00 m module length
Bm = 18,75 m module breadth
Hm = 12,80 m module height

a= 18,750 m distance between module feet in transverse direction (m)


b= 17,160 m distance between module feet in longitudinal direction (m)
ag = 10,050 m distance from aft starboard module foot to COG in transverse direction (m)
bg = 10,280 m distance from aft starboard module foot to COG in longitudinal direction (m)

Distribution factors Static vertical forces - roll angle = 0,00

module foot no.1 r1 = 0,1860 module foot no.1 r1xWm = 258 t


module foot no.2 r2 = 0,2149 module foot no.2 r2xWm = 298 t
module foot no.3 r3 = 0,2780 module foot no.3 r3xWm = 385 t
module foot no.4 r4 = 0,3211 module foot no.4 r4xWm = 445 t

Static vertical forces - roll angle = 10,048 graus Static vertical forces - pitch angle+trim = 6,103 graus

module foot no.1 r1xWm = 254 t module foot no.1 r1xWm = 256 t
module foot no.2 r2xWm = 293 t module foot no.2 r2xWm = 296 t
module foot no.3 r3xWm = 379 t module foot no.3 r3xWm = 383 t
module foot no.4 r4xWm = 438 t module foot no.4 r4xWm = 442 t

az0= 2,74 m/s2 heave acceleration in head seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)
az90= 2,74 m/s2 heave acceleration in beam seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)
ax = 0,62 m/s2 pitch and surge acceleration in head seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)
ay = 1,93 m/s2 roll and sway acceleration in beam seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)
hg = 6,380 m distance from top of grillage to COG of module (m)
tetarollacc = 0,145 rad/s2 angular roll acceleration in beam seas (rad/s2)
fipitchacc = 0,091 rad/s2 angular pitch acceleration in head seas (rad/s2)

Fevt hs= 387 t vertical load due to heave - hs = head seas


Fevt bs= 387 t vertical load due to heave - bs = beam seas
Feht+ = 577 t transverse parallel to deck load due to weight&roll&sway&heave+
Feht- = 442 t transverse paralel to deck load due to weight&roll&sway&heave-
Fehl+ = 276 t longitudinal parallel to deck load due to weight&pitch&surge&heave+
Fehl- = 194 t longitudinal parallel to deck load due to weight&pitch&surge&heave-
2
rxx2 = 54 m transverse gyration radius of module
2
It = 74355 t.m transverse inertia of module
Met = 10781 kN.m moment due to roll
2
ryy2 = 111 m longitudinal gyration radius of module
2
Il = 153476 t.m longitudinal inertia of module
Met = 14028 kN.m moment due to pitch
hwt = 7,76 m distance from top of grillage to COW of module for transverse wind (m)
hwl = 6,41 m distance from top of grillage to COW of module for longitudinal wind (m)
Fwt = 288 kN transverse wind load
Fwl = 180 kN longitudinal wind load

11/66
Dynamic vertical forces (heave, roll & sway):

Component of heave+ for beam seas (Fevt bs) perpendicular to deck :


module foot no.1 r1xFevt= 71 t
module foot no.2 r2xFevt= 82 t
module foot no.3 r3xFevt= 106 t
module foot no.4 r4xFevt= 122 t
381 t
Moment of horizontal load due to roll&sway&heave+ hgxFeht = 3681 t.m (Heave up)
Moment of horizontal load due to roll&sway&heave- hgxFeht = 2819 t.m (Heave down)
Moment due to roll Met = 1099 t.m
Moment due to transverse wind hwt x Fwt = 228 t.m

Resultant dynamic vertical forces due to moments:


module foot no.1 = 107 t (heave+) 89 t (heave-)
module foot no.2 = 107 t (heave+) 89 t (heave-)
module foot no.3 = 160 t (heave+) 132 t (heave-)
module foot no.4 = 160 t (heave+) 132 t (heave-)

Dynamic vertical forces (heave, pitch & surge):

Component of heave for head seas (Fevt hs) perpendicular to deck:


module foot no.1 r1xFevt= 72 t
module foot no.2 r2xFevt= 83 t
module foot no.3 r3xFevt= 107 t
module foot no.4 r4xFevt= 124 t

Moment of horizontal load due to pitch&surge&heave+ hgxFehl = 1760 t.m (Heave up)
Moment of horizontal load due to pitch&surge&heave- hgxFehl = 1235 t.m (Heave down)
Moment due to pitch Mel = 1430 t.m
Moment due to longitudinal wind hwl x Fwl = 117 t.m

Resultant dynamic vertical forces due to moments:


module foot no.1 = 89 t (heave+) 75 t (heave-)
module foot no.2 = 103 t (heave+) 103 t (heave-)
module foot no.3 = 103 t (heave+) 103 t (heave-)
module foot no.4 = 89 t (heave+) 89 t (heave-)

r1 = starboard aft foot (crossing of axis 6 and H)


r2 = port aft foot (crossing of axis 6 and A)
r3 = starboard fore foot (crossing of axis 3 and H)
r4 = port fore foot (crossing of axis 3 and A)

12/66
FOR ROLL:

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.1: Total vertical reaction at module foot no.2:

F1+ = 432 t F2+ = 482 t


F1- = 94 t F2- = 123 t

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.3: Total vertical reaction at module foot no.4:

F3+ = 645 t F4+ = 720 t


F3- = 141 t F4- = 183 t

FOR PITCH:

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.1: Total vertical reaction at module foot no.2:

F1+ = 417 t F2+ = 482 t


F1- = 95 t F2- = 110 t

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.3: Total vertical reaction at module foot no.4:

F3+ = 593 t F4+ = 655 t


F3- = 173 t F4- = 229 t

Dynamic transverse forces (Feht+Fwt) 606 t Dynamic longitudinal forces (Fehl + Fwl) = 294 t

module foot no.1 = 243 t module foot no.1 = 136 t


module foot no.2 = 243 t module foot no.2 = 158 t
module foot no.3 = 363 t module foot no.3 = 136 t
module foot no.4 = 363 t module foot no.4 = 158 t

foot 1 = starboard aft foot (crossing of axis 6 and H)


foot 2 = port aft foot (crossing of axis 6 and A)
foot 3 = starboard fore foot (crossing of axis 3 and H)
foot 4 = port fore foot (crossing of axis 3 and A)

13/66
8. GRILLAGE & SEAFASTENING STRUCTURAL CHECK.

8.1. Grillage Design.

8.1.1. Grillage under axis 3.

The figure below shows a top view of the grillage located under axis 3.

Color key:

Seafastening is in blue.
Grillage is in black (existing beam) and red (new elements).
Part of module that contacts grillage is in magenta.

All beams will be verified using formulations for simply supported beams in both ends. Only the
components more loaded will be checked because all beams have the same cross section
(including those less loaded).

14/66
Grillage more loaded under axis 3:

A. Existing beam (in black) (data from ref.[8])

Total Height ( cm ) 120,00


Web Height ( cm ) 115,00
Web Thickness ( cm ) 3,80
Flange Width ( cm ) 65,50
Flange Thickness ( cm ) 2,50
Web Area ( cm2 ) 874,00
Section modulus ( cm3 ) 53738,92

Beam length ( cm ) 500,00


Vertical force ( t ) 720,00
Distance from support near side ( cm ) 159,00

Reaction_side shell ( t ) 491,04


Reaction_bulkhead ( t ) 228,96

Maximum bending moment ( t*cm ) 78075,36


Maximum bending stress ( t/cm2 ) 1,45
Utilization ratio 0,90
Maximum shear force ( t ) 491,04
Maximum shear stress ( t/cm2 ) 0,56
Utilization ratio 0,56

B. Support beam near side shell (in red)

Total Height ( cm ) 120,00


Web Height ( cm ) 115,00
Web Thickness ( cm ) 2,50
Flange Width ( cm ) 50,00
Flange Thickness ( cm ) 2,50
Web Area ( cm2 ) 287,50
Section modulus ( cm3 ) 19664,50

Beam length ( cm ) 250,00


Vertical force ( t ) 491,04
Distance from support aft ( cm ) 125,00

Reaction_support_aft ( t ) 245,52
Reaction_support_fwd ( t ) 245,52

Maximum bending moment ( t*cm ) 21974,04


Maximum bending stress ( t/cm2 ) 1,12
Utilization ratio 0,77
Maximum shear force ( t ) 245,52
Maximum shear stress ( t/cm2 ) 0,85
Utilization ratio 0,85

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C. Support beam near longitudinal bulkhead (in red)

Total Height ( cm ) 120,00


Web Height ( cm ) 115,00
Web Thickness ( cm ) 1,50
Flange Width ( cm ) 50,00
Flange Thickness ( cm ) 2,50
Web Area ( cm2 ) 172,50
Section modulus ( cm3 ) 17552,17

Beam length ( cm ) 250,00


Vertical force ( t ) 228,96
Distance from support aft ( cm ) 125,00

Reaction_support_aft ( t ) 114,48
Reaction_support_fwd ( t ) 114,48

Maximum bending moment ( t*cm ) 10245,96


Maximum bending stress ( t/cm2 ) 0,58
Utilization ratio 0,40
Maximum shear force ( t ) 114,48
Maximum shear stress ( t/cm2 ) 0,66
Utilization ratio 0,66

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8.1.2. Grillage under axis 6.

The figure below shows a top view of the grillage located under axis 6.

Color key:

Seafastening is in blue.
Grillage is in black (existing beam) and red (new elements).
Part of module that contacts grillage is in magenta.

17/66
Grillage more loaded under axis 6

A. Existing beam (in black) (data from ref.[8])

Total Height ( cm ) 120,00


Web Height ( cm ) 115,00
Web Thickness ( cm ) 3,80
Flange Width ( cm ) 65,50
Flange Thickness ( cm ) 2,50
Web Area ( cm2 ) 874,00
Section modulus ( cm3 ) 53738,92

Beam length ( cm ) 500,00


Vertical force ( t ) 482,00
Distance from support near costado ( cm ) 159,00

Reaction_side shell ( t ) 328,72


Reaction_bulkhead ( t ) 153,28

Maximum bending moment ( t*cm ) 52267,12


Maximum bending stress ( t/cm2 ) 0,97
Utilization ratio 0,67
Maximum shear force ( t ) 328,72
Maximum shear stress ( t/cm2 ) 0,38
Utilization ratio 0,38

B. Support beam near side shell

Total Height ( cm ) 120,00


Web Height ( cm ) 115,00
Web Thickness ( cm ) 2,50
Flange Width ( cm ) 50,00
Flange Thickness ( cm ) 2,50
Web Area ( cm2 ) 287,50
Section modulus ( cm3 ) 19664,50

Beam length ( cm ) 250,00


Vertical force ( t ) 328,72
Distance from support aft ( cm ) 91,00

Reaction_support_aft ( t ) 209,07
Reaction_support_fwd ( t ) 119,66

Maximum bending moment ( t*cm ) 19025,23


Maximum bending stress ( t/cm2 ) 0,97
Utilization ratio 0,67
Maximum shear force ( t ) 209,07
Maximum shear stress ( t/cm2 ) 0,73
Utilization ratio 0,73

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C. Support beam near longitudinal bulkhead

Total Height ( cm ) 120,00


Web Height ( cm ) 115,00
Web Thickness ( cm ) 1,50
Flange Width ( cm ) 50,00
Flange Thickness ( cm ) 2,50
Web Area ( cm2 ) 172,50
Section modulus ( cm3 ) 17552,17

Beam length ( cm ) 250,00


Vertical force ( t ) 153,28
Distance from support aft ( cm ) 91,00

Reaction_support_aft ( t ) 97,48
Reaction_support_fwd ( t ) 55,79

Maximum bending moment ( t*cm ) 8871,00


Maximum bending stress ( t/cm2 ) 0,51
Utilization ratio 0,35
Maximum shear force ( t ) 97,48
Maximum shear stress ( t/cm2 ) 0,57
Utilization ratio 0,57

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8.2. Seafastening Design

A. Plate welded on top of grillage to restrain transversally the module

Maximum transversal force ( t ) 363,00

Thickness of stoppers ( cm ) 2,50


Width of stoppers ( cm ) 100,00
Length of stoppers ( cm ) 90,00
Size of weld ( cm ) 1,90

Contact pressure ( t/cm2 ) 1,45


Utilization ratio 0,67
Shear stress in the weld ( t/cm2 ) 0,97
Utilization ratio 0,97

B. Plates welded on top of grillage to restrain longitudinally the module

Maximum longitudinal force ( t ) 158,00

Thickness of stoppers ( cm ) 2,50


Width of stoppers ( cm ) 90,00
Length of stoppers ( cm ) 40,00
Size of weld ( cm ) 1,90

Contact pressure ( t/cm2 ) 0,70


Utilization ratio 0,33
Shear stress in the weld ( t/cm2 ) 0,69
Utilization ratio 0,69

C. Plate welded on deck to restrain transversally the grillage

Seafastening design ( stopers welded on deck to restrain the grillage )

Maximum transversal force ( t ) 363,00

Thickness of stoppers ( cm ) 5,00 Two plates 2,5 cm fillet welded


Width of stoppers ( cm ) 75,00
Length of stoppers ( cm ) 100,00
Size of weld ( cm ) 1,90

Contact pressure ( t/cm2 ) 1,29


Utilization ratio 0,60
Shear stress in the weld ( t/cm2 ) 0,98
Utilization ratio 0,98

20/66
D. Tube 10” SCH 60 to restrain longitudinally the grillage

Maximum axial force ( t ) 165,89

Outer pipe diameter ( cm ) 27,30


Inner pipe diameter ( cm ) 24,76
Pipe length ( cm ) 394,00
Pipe radius of gyration ( cm ) 9,22
Area (cm2 ) 103,32
Tension/compression stress ( t/cm2 ) 1,61
Lambda ( kl/r ) 42,73
Allowable compression stress ( ksi ) 27,80
Allowable compression stress ( t/cm2 ) 1,95
Utilization ratio 0,82

Weld design (connections tube x plates )

Maximum axial force ( t ) 165,89

Length of each weld ( cm ) 50


Size of weld ( cm ) 1,20
Shear stress in the weld ( t/cm2 ) 0,98
Utilization ratio 0,98
Weld design (connection longitudinal plate x deck plate)

Maximum longitudinal force ( t ) 158

Length of each weld ( cm ) 100


Size of weld ( cm ) 1,20
Shear stress in the weld ( t/cm2 ) 0,93
Utilization ratio 0,93

Weld design (connection transversal plate x deck plate )

Maximum vertical force ( t ) 50,56

Length of each weld ( cm ) 50


Size of weld ( cm ) 1,20
Shear stress in the weld ( t/cm2 ) 0,60
Utilization ratio 0,60

21/66
8.3. Deck frame contact pressure check

Near side shell Near long. bulkhead


Length of effective contact: Length of effective contact:
1130 – 50 – 100 – 50 = 930 mm 800 – 75 – 100 = 625 mm

Near side shell: Near longitudinal bulkhead:


Reaction_support ( t ) 245,52 Reaction_support ( t ) 114,48
Thickness of beam under deck ( cm ) 1,90 Thickness of beam under deck ( cm ) 1,00
Length of bracket lower side ( cm ) 113,00 Length of bracket lower side ( cm ) 80,00
Length of effective contact ( cm ) 93,00 Length of effective contact ( cm ) 62,50
Thickness of longitudinal under deck ( cm ) 1,50 Thickness of longitudinal under deck ( cm ) 1,50
Length of contact ( cm ) 20,00 Length of contact ( cm ) 20,00
Pressure of contact ( t/cm2 ) 1,19 Pressure of contact ( t/cm2 ) 1,24
Utilization ratio 0,55 Utilization ratio 0,57

22/66
9. BARGE LOCAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS.

9.1. FEM Analysis.

LOADS ON THE GRILLAGE SUPPORT

The applied loads to grillage support are to be taken as the calculated forces in sea transport
indicated in item 8.1.1 A.

Loads used in the FEM analysis:

Load on grillage support near the side shell = 491 t


Load on grillage support near the longitudinal bulkhead = 229 t
Total = 720 t

Each grillage support (side shell and longitudinal bulkhead) will have two brackets, one in each
both side, therefore the loads on each bracket will be:

Load on grillage support bracket near the side shell = 245.5 t = 2408.36 kN
Load on grillage support bracket near the longitudinal bulkhead = 114.5 t = 1123.25 kN
Those loads will be the loads applied on one barge frame.

A Finite Element Model (FEM) was developed to analyze the barge structure comprising three
frames spaces in the most loaded grillage, considering only the region between the longitudinal
bulkhead and the side shell. To analyze the model it was used the software GIFTS V6.9.1a.

MODEL DESCRIPTION

The barge structure was represented by a finite element model composed of beam and plate
elements. The model encompasses four frames, deck plate, side shell, bottom plate and
longitudinal bulkhead. The figure 1 of Annex A shows an isometric overall view of the element
subdivision used in the model.

Model main dimensions:

Width (X) = 601 cm; Height (Y) = 500 cm; Length (Z) = 750 cm

23/66
The figure 2 of Annex A shows the model of one transverse frame.
The origin of the coordinate axis was taken in the bottom level (Y=0), at the cross point of the
longitudinal bulkhead with the first frame (X=0 and Z=0).

The drawing of ref.[2] shows the dimensions of the barge midship section.

The program GIFTS classify the various types of structural components in dimension group, calling
then “thickness”. The following "thicknesses" were used in the GIFTS model to represent the barge
scantlings (see Table II of Annex A):

a) Plate "thickness":

a.1) thk 1 7.0mm Longitudinal bulkhead;


a.2) thk 2 10.0mm Deck and bottom frame webs;
a.3) thk 3 12mm Side shell frame & longitudinal bhd. webs;
a.4) thk 4 12.7mm Side shell;
a.5) thk 5 19mm Deck plate;
a.6) thk 15 15mm Deck frame web reinforcement near side shell (not used);
a.7) thk 16 19mm Reinforcement in upper part of side shell frame;

b) "thickness" of beam elements:

b.1) thk 6 Bar 200x16mm (ZA=-0.8;YA=0) Deck and bottom frame flanges;
b.2) thk 7 Bar 250x16mm (ZA=-0.8;YA=0) Side shell frame & long. bhd. flanges;
b.3) thk 8 Angle L bar 101x101x12.7mm Inclined angles (ZA=-0.635;YA=10.1)
b.4) thk 9 Angle L bar 203x203x12mm Vertical angle (ZA=-0.6;YA=20.3)
b.5) thk 10 Bar 200x15mm (ZA=0;YA=-10) Bottom longitudinals & Side shell (two lower long.);
b.6) thk 11 Bar 150x16mm (ZA=0;YA=-7.5) Long. bhd. (two lower long.);
b.7) thk 12 Bar 160x15mm (ZA=0;YA=-8) Side shell (five upper long.);
b.8) thk 13 Bar 130x15mm (ZA=0;YA=-6.5) Deck longitudinals;
b.9) thk 14 Bar 120x15mm (ZA=0;YA=-6) Long. bhd. (five upper long.);

24/66
MATERIAL

The barge material was assumed to be common steel with yielding stress (y) = 235 N/mm2

(GIFTS identification number = 1) according to ref.[5]. See Table II in Annex A.

DESIGN CRITERIA

According to ref.[6], for stress based on Von Mises criteria calculated by FEM using combined
loads, von Mises stress is not to exceed (y/1.11) = 0.90(y); conservatively it is used:

σVON MISES ≤ 0.80 (y)

GIFTS gives von Mises results in terms of % of the material y.

BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

To transfer the shear forces through the longitudinal bulkhead and the side shell, the nodes at the
border of the model, in X=0 and X=601cm, Y from 0 to 500cm, Z=0 and Z=750cm, all have vertical
displacement = 0 (displacement Y = 0).

To represent the bottom and deck stiffness, the displacement in X and Z direction of the nodes at
the deck and at bottom borders were made = 0 (in Z = 0 and Z = 750 cm, X from 0 to 601 cm, Y =
0 and Y = 500 cm).

25/66
LOADING THE MODEL

Hydrostatic loads:

The barge draft during the transport will be 2,70m. Therefore the hydrostatic pressure in the bottom
will be 2.715 N/cm2 ((1.025 x 2.70 / 10) x 9.81), uniformly distributed on the full area. Each bottom
node had its hydrostatic load in function of its adjacent area.
To represent the contribution of the hydrostatic pressure acting in the central tank bottom frames,
the following forces were applied to the nodes correspondents to the bottom frame, at the
longitudinal bulkhead:
250 x (549 – (61/2)) x 2.715 = 351932 kg = 3452.452 kN
The hydrostatic pressure acting on the side shell is 2.715 N/cm2 and zero at level 270 cm, varying
linearly between them. The nodes were loaded accordingly.

Grillage loads:

Figures 3 of Annex A show the loads acting on the nodes near the side shell of the frames at Z
=250 cm and Z =500 cm, respectively. These nodes are the most loaded ones (2408.36 kN spread
on 113 cm = 21.3129 kN/cm). The nodes near the longitudinal bulkhead were also loaded with
their correspondent loads, totaling 114.5 t (1123.25 kN spread on 90 cm = 12.4806 kN/cm).

26/66
The load values of Figure 3 of Annex A (nodes near side shell) are shown in the following table:

Node No. Load


(N)
731 (and 1231) 138540
3028 (and 3128) 277070
3012 (and 3112) 277070
3025 (and 3125) 277070
730 (and 1230) 301000
3023 (and 3123) 325030
3002 (and 3102) 325030
3021 (and 3121) 325030
729 (and 1229) 162520
TOTAL = 2408360 (245.5 t)

The load values for the nodes near the longitudinal bulkhead are:

Node No. Load


(N)
721 (and 1221) 380580
722 (and 1222) 561460
732 (and 1232) 181030
TOTAL = 1123070 (114.5 t)

Figure 4 of Annex A shows the elements numbering near the side shell, under the grillage bracket
support.

The element close to the node 731 (or 1231), near the side shell, was removed to represent more
accurately the reality (there is an empty space of 100mm near this area, see ref.[2]).

To obtain von Mises stress under 80% in all model elements it was necessary to provide the
following reinforcements under the deck, near the side shell, as shown in Figure 5 of Annex A:

27/66
- To install vertical bars of 200 x 16 mm (Thick. No. 6) in X = 549 cm and X = 575 cm, the first
going from the deck down to Y = 375 cm and the second going down to Y = 470 cm;
- To increase to 19mm (Thick. No.15) the thickness of the frame web plate under the grillage
bracket support near the side shell;
- To extend the flange of the deck frame until the side shell (Thick. No.6). To extend the flange of
the side shell frame until the deck (Thick. No.7).

28/66
RESULTS

The results are for the reinforced structure, as shown in Figures 2 and 5 of Annex A. The
reinforcements are two vertical bars welded to the web frame in the indicated positions, the
increase of web plate thickness and the extension of the flanges of deck and side shell frames.

The extremes values obtained from the FEM analysis is shown below:

JOB:p56_17 7-OCT- 9 LOADING CASE 1 17:42:33 PAGE 1

MAXIMUM RESULTANT DEFLECTION(S) FOR MODEL.

MAXIMUM TRANSLATIONAL DEFLECTION = 6.3508E-01 AT POINT 1257


MAXIMUM ROTATIONAL DEFLECTION = 1.2051E-02 AT POINT 1170

EXTREMUM FOR PLOT:

VON MISES
MINIMUM STRESS = 8.3379E+00% AT ELEMENT 1775
MAXIMUM STRESS = 7.4573E+01% AT ELEMENT 1783

The element 1783 (= to the no. 1786) is the lower part of the bar stiffener added to extend the
flange of the side shell frame up to the deck, as can be seen in Figure 4 of Annex A. The von
Mises stress in this element is 74.57% of y (<0.80y).

The results for other elements in the upper part of the frame, near the side shell, are shown in
Figures 6 and in the list of Table I of Annex A.

Figure 7 of Annex A shows the von Mises stresses distribution throughout a transverse frame, it
can be seen that the values are low outside the upper corner area near the side shell.

REINFORCEMENTS

Remove the plate of 10mm and 12mm between level Y = 4375mm and Y = 5000mm, and between
X = 4880mm and x = 6010mm, and install a plate of 19mm. The plate change must be made in all
frames under grillage supports near the side shell.

29/66
Vertical bar of 100 x 16mm welded both sides of deck frame web near the side shell, just under the
first deck longitudinal, going down to the level 3750mm (from base line). The reinforcements must
be placed in all frames under grillage supports near the side shell.

Vertical bar of 100 x 16mm welded both sides of deck frame web near the side shell, located
260mm from the side shell, going from the deck down to the level 4700mm (from base line). The
reinforcements must be placed in all frames under grillage supports near the side shell.

To improve the connection between deck frames and side shell frames, and additional
reinforcement is indicated: To extend the flange of the deck frames up to the side shell and also up
to the longitudinal bulkhead; to extend the vertical frames flange up to the deck (both near the side
shell and the longitudinal bulkhead).

30/66
9.2. Local Buckling Check of Bulkhead and Deck Frame Web.

The procedure of ref.[13] will be used to verify the buckling resistance of bulkhead and deck frame
panels. The usage factor of ref.[14] will be used.

9.2.1. Axis 06 of Modules 05 and 06

P = 482 t load on the grillage due to module foot.

Load on grillage support near side shell:

482 x 3.41/5.0 = 329 t

Load on transverse bulkhead (FR4 or FR28): 329 x 0.91/2.5 = 120 t


Load on frame (FR5 or FR27): 329 x 1.59/2.5 = 209 t

Load on grillage support near longitudinal bulkhead:

482 x 1.59/5.0 = 153 t

Load on transverse bulkhead (FR4 or FR28): 153 x 0.91/2.5 = 56 t


Load on frame (FR5 or FR27): 153 x 1.59/2.5 = 97 t

Bulkheads FR4 and FR28:

Near side shell:

1st row:

Compression stress: σCOMP = 120 / (113 x 0.75) = 1.416 t/cm2

The shear stress can be evaluated supposing the entire shear passing to side shell through the
bulkhead full height:

Shear stress: τ = 120 / (500 x 0.75) = 0.320 t/cm2

Panels dimensions:

Plate Width Height


Thickness (cm) (cm)
1st panel 0.75 cm 52 62.5
2nd panel 0.75 cm 61 62.5

Vertical stiffeners 200 x 15mm

1st panel:

31/66
According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η =1.146 > 0.85 and so the plate thickness of the panel
must be increased.

2nd panel:

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η =1.488 > 0.85 and so the plate thickness of the panel
must be increased.

Increasing the thickness of both panels to 10mm:

Compression stress: σCOMP = 120 / (113 x 1.0) = 1.062 t/cm2


Conservatively using the same shear stress τ = 0.320 t/cm2

1st panel:

The usage factor according to ref.[13] is now: η = 0.648 < 0.85. OK

2nd panel:

The usage factor according to ref.[13] is now: η = 0.768 < 0.85. OK

2nd row:

Considering load spreading in 30 degrees:

Compression stress: σCOMP = 120 / ((113+2 x 36.1) x 0.75) = 0.864 t/cm2

Note: 2 x 36.1 to take into consideration the load spreading in the side shell.

Shear stress: τ = 120 / (500 x 0.75) = 0.320 t/cm2 (conservatively)

Same panels dimensions.

1st panel:

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η = 0.742 < 0.85

2nd panel:

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η = 0.962 > 0.85.

Increasing the thickness of both panels to 10mm:

Compression stress: σCOMP = 120 / ((113+2 x 36.1) x 1.0) = 0.648 t/cm2

Conservatively using the same shear stress τ = 0.320 t/cm2

32/66
The usage factor according to ref.[13] is now: η = 0.518 < 0.85. OK

All 2nd row will be 10mm thick plate.

3rd row:

σCOMP = 120 / ((113+ 2 x 36.1+2 x 36.1) x 0.75) = 0.620 t/cm2


Conservatively using the same shear stress τ = 0.320 t/cm2

1st panel:

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η = 0.572 < 0.85 OK

2nd panel:

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η = 0.738 < 0.85 OK.

Near longitudinal BHD:

1st row:

Compression stress: σCOMP = 56 / (80 x 0.75) = 0.933 t/cm2

The shear stress can be evaluated supposing the entire shear passing to side shell through the
bulkhead full height:

Shear stress: τ = 56 / (500 x 0.75) = 0.149 t/cm2

Panels dimensions:

Plate Width Height


Thickness (cm) (cm)
1st panel 0.75 cm 61 62.5
2nd panel 0.75 cm 61 62.5

1st and 2nd panels:

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η =0.954 (> 0.85) and so the plate thickness of the panels
must be increased.

Increasing the thickness of both panels to 10mm:

Compression stress: σCOMP = 56 / (80 x 1.0) = 0.700 t/cm2


Conservatively using the same shear stress τ = 0.149 t/cm2

The usage factor for both panels according to ref.[13] is now: η = 0.485 < 0.85.

33/66
2nd row:

Considering load spreading in 30 degrees:

Compression stress: σCOMP = 56 / ((80+36.1) x 0.75) = 0.643 t/cm2

Shear stress: τ = 0.149 t/cm2 (conservatively)

Same panels dimensions.

1st and 2nd panels:

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η = 0.675 < 0.85 OK.

34/66
9.2.2. Axis 03 of Modules 05 and 06

P = 720 t load on the grillage due to module foot.

Load on grillage support near side shell:

720 x 3.41/5.0 = 491 t

Load on frame: 491 x 0.5 = 245.5 t

Load on grillage support near longitudinal bulkhead:

720 x 1.59/5.0 = 229 t

Load on frame: 229 x 0.5 = 114.5 t

Frames:

Near side shell:

1st row:

Compression stress: σCOMP = 245.5 / ((113-5-10-5) x 1.9 + 20 x 1.5) = 1.188 t/cm2

The shear stress can be evaluated supposing the entire shear passing to side shell through the
side shell web frame full height:

Shear stress: τ = 245.5 / (500 x 1.2) = 0.409 t/cm2

It will be examined the web panel of the deck frame limited by the two last deck longitudinal near
the side shell and the extended flange of deck frame (using the GIFTS coordinates, the panel is
limited by X = 488cm and X = 549cm , and by Y = 437.5cm and Y = 500cm). According to Table I
of Annex A, the maximum shear stress of this panel occurs in element 1708 and is 3537 N/mm2 =
0.361 t/cm2. Conservatively, the buckling check will use shear stress of 0.409 t/cm2.

Panel dimensions:

Plate Width Height


Thickness (cm) (cm)
1st panel 1.9 cm 61 62.5

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η = 0.605 < 0.85.

35/66
2nd row:

The 2nd row is composed of several elements as can be seen in Figure 4 of Annex A (elements
from 1734 to 1739 of Z = 250). The stresses in the elements are shown in Table III of Annex A.
Conservatively, taking the compressive stress and the shear stress of the most loaded elements to
represent the load stress status of the panel:

1st panel (away from the side shell – elements 1736, 1737 & 1739):

σCOMP (1736) = 7817 N/cm2 = 0.797 t/cm2


τ (1737)= 1046 N/cm2 = 0.107 t/cm2

2nd panel (near side shell – elements 1734, 1735 & 1738):

σCOMP (1735) = 7374 N/cm2 = 0.752 t/cm2


τ (1734)= 4470 N/cm2 = 0.456 t/cm2

Panels dimensions:

Plate Width Height


Thickness (cm) (cm)
1st panel 1.2 cm 61 62.5
2nd panel 1.2 cm 52 62.5

1st panel:

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η = 0.441 < 0.85 OK.

2nd panel:

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η = 0.500 < 0.85 OK.

3rd row:

The 3rd row is composed of elements nos. 201 and 197 (see Figure 4 of Annex A). From Table III
of Annex A, the stresses in these elements are:

σCOMP (201) = 6971 N/cm2 and σCOMP (197) = 4683 N/cm2


τ (201)= 559.7 N/cm2 and τ (197)= 2785 N/cm2

Conservatively taking the greatest values to represent the stresses in the panel of 1130 x 625mm:

σCOMP = 6971 N/cm2 = 0.710 t/cm2


τ = 2785 N/cm2 = 0.284 t/cm2

Panel dimensions:

36/66
Plate Width Height
Thickness (cm) (cm)
1st panel 1.2 cm 113 62.5

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η = 0.706 < 0.85 OK.

Near longitudinal BHD:

1st row:

Compression stress: σCOMP = 114.5 / ((80-10-7.5) x 1.0+1.5 x 20) = 1.238 t/cm2

The shear stress can be evaluated supposing the entire shear passing to longitudinal bulkhead
through the frame full height:

Shear stress: τ = 114.5 / (500 x 1.2) = 0.190 t/cm2


(the web of the longitudinal bulkhead frame has 12mm thickness)
Panel dimensions:

Plate Width Height


Thickness (cm) (cm)
1st panel 1.0 cm/1.2cm 62.5 90.0
Note: usage factor calculated with thickness of 10mm.

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η = 1.291 > 0.85.

It will be placed a vertical bar of 15mm thickness under de last deck longitudinal to reduce the
panel dimension from 90.0mm to 61mm.
Panel dimensions:

Plate Width Height


Thickness (cm) (cm)
1st panel 1.0 cm/1.2cm 61.0 62.5
Note: usage factor calculated with thickness of 10mm.

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η = 0.836 < 0.85.

2nd row:

Compression stress: σCOMP = 114.5 / ((80-10-7.5) x 1.0+1.5 x 20 + 36.1) = 0.890 t/cm2

Shear stress: τ = 0.190 t/cm2 (conservatively)


Plate thickness = 1.2 cm and panel dimensions = 90 x 62.5cm

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η = 0.708 < 0.85 OK.


Side Shell:

37/66
The side shell panel with the dimensions indicated below will be checked to buckling. The stresses
acting on the panel will be the primary stresses due to the barge bending moment (4918 t.m) and
shear force (484t) calculated in item 10 and the compressive and shear stresses determined by the
FEM of item 9.1. Conservatively it will be used both values acting in the same barge cross section
(actually the maximum values of moment and shear force does not occur in the same section).

Primary stresses:

Inertia moment of barge cross section (conservatively only plates are considered):

2 x [(1,27x5003)/12) + (0,7x5003)/12] + (2300/12) x (1,93 + 1,273) + 2300 x 2502 x (1.9 + 1.27) = 41041668 +
1707 + 455687500 = 496730875 cm4

Section modulus: 496730875 / 250 = 1986924 cm3

Deck compression stress deck:

(4918 x 100) / 1986924 = 0.248 t/cm2


Compression stress on the 1º side shell longitudinal stiffener: (2500-625)x0.248/2500=0.186 t/cm2

Panel shear stress = 484 / (2 x 500 x 1.27 + 2 x 500 x 0.7) = 484 / 1970 = 0.246 t/cm2

Secondary stresses on panel:

The secondary stresses on upper side shell panel will be taken from FEM of item 9.1. The upper
panel model near Z=250 is composed of several elements as shown in Figure 10 of Annex A
(elements from 1631 to 1636 and 644, 648, 550, 572. The stresses in the elements are shown in
Table III of Annex A. Conservatively, taking the compressive stress and the shear stress of the
most loaded elements to represent the load stress status of the panel:

σCOMP (1634) = 4934 N/cm2 = 0.503 t/cm2


τ (1633)= 5542 N/cm2 = 0.565 t/cm2

Combination of primary & secondary stresses:


Compression stress (longitudinal to panel) = 0,248 t/cm2 (deck level)
0,186 t/cm2 (1st long. level)
Compression stress (transverse to panel) = 0.503 t/cm2
Shear stress = 0.246 + 0.565 = 0.811 t/cm2

Plate Width Height


Thickness (cm) (cm)
1st panel 1.27 cm 250 62.5

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is η = 0.709 < 0.85 OK.

38/66
10. BARGE LONGITUDINAL STRENGTH CHECK.
Loads were applied as described below:
Barge light weight plus grillage distributed linearly along barge length.
Ballast in tank distributed linearly along tank length.
Buoyancy distributed in a trapezoidal shape along wet length
Concentrated reactions of embarked modules in the supporting points.
Reactions of module 05 on the deck of the barge
R1 = 381.35 t at X = 47.5 m from stern
R2 = 381.35 t at X = 50.0 m from stern
R3 = 353.17 t at X = 65.0 m from stern
R4 = 202.13 t at X = 67.5 m from stern
Reactions of module 06 on the deck of the barge
R5 = 400.73 t at X = 27.5 m from stern
R6 = 400.73 t at X = 25.0 m from stern
R7 = 371.13 t at X = 10.0 m from stern
R8 = 222.41 t at X = 7.5 m from stern

Load calculations At X1 At X2 At X3 At X4 X1 X2 X3 X4
(t/m) (t/m) (t/m) (t/m) (m) (m) (m) (m)

Barge weight&grillage -16,33 -16,33 0,00 75,00


Buoyancy 0 69,10 58,20 0 1,38 7,00 68,00 72,61
Ballast peak aft -21,14 -21,14 1,70 7,50
Ballast tanks 4 -2,41 -2,41 7,50 22,50
Ballast tanks 3 -2,41 -2,41 22,50 37,50
Ballast tanks 2 -2,41 -2,41 37,50 52,50
Ballast tanks 1 -2,41 -2,41 52,50 67,50
Ballast peak forward -0,98 -0,98 67,50 73,30

Note: X is measured from barge stern

Resulting maximum shear force = 484.86 t at 10.0 m from stern


Resulting maximum bending moment = -4918.05 t.m at 37.20 m from stern
Complete analysis results are listed in Annex B.
Ref.[9] indicates SWBM at sea of 14000 t.m and minimum shear of 770 t.

39/66
SHEAR FORCE DIAGRAMM

BENDING MOMENT DIAGRAMM

Reactions at Supports

40/66
11. BARGE STABILITY CHECK.

11.1. Intact Stability

Barge tanks: Tanks Volume % VCG Vertical FSC


Capacity Used full moment
(m3) (m3) (m) (m,t) (m)

Peak FW S 144,2 1,4 1 0,05 0,07 0,000


Peak FW P 144,2 1,4 1 0,05 0,07 0,000
Peak FW C 263,7 2,6 1 0,05 0,13 0,000
1S 462 9,2 2 0,05 0,46 0,001
1P 462 9,2 2 0,05 0,46 0,001
1C 843 16,9 2 0,05 0,84 0,001
2S 462 9,2 2 0,05 0,46 0,001
2P 462 9,2 2 0,05 0,46 0,001
2C 843 16,9 2 0,05 0,84 0,001
3S 462 9,2 2 0,05 0,46 0,001
3P 462 9,2 2 0,05 0,46 0,001
3C 843 16,9 2 0,05 0,84 0,001
4S 462 9,2 2 0,05 0,46 0,001
4P 462 9,2 2 0,05 0,46 0,001
4C 843 16,9 2 0,05 0,84 0,001
Peak AF S 144,2 115,6 80,133 2,8 323,55 0,031
Peak AF P 144,2 1,4 1 0,05 0,07 0,000
Peak AF C 263,7 2,6 1 0,05 0,13 0,000
Total ballast 266,5 1,242323 331,09 0,042

Weight VCG Moment


(t) (m) (t.m)

Barge LW 1105 2,80 3094


Grillage & seafast. 120 5,63 675
Ballast 273 1,24 339
Total barge 1498 2,74 4108

Module 05 1318 12,79 16857


Module 06 1386 12,58 17436
Displacement 4202 9,14 38401

KG (m) 9,14
Corrected KG (m) 9,18
KM (m) 18,14
GM (m) 8,96
Draft (m) 2,70

41/66
Stability range (degrees) 41,1 ( from intact stability curve )
Maximum GZ (m) 2,57
Wind heeling arm (m) 0,34
Angle of static wind heel (degrees) 1,20 ( from intact stability curve )
Angle at 2nd interception (degrees) 39,30 ( from intact stability curve )
Area under GZ curve (m*radian) 1,11 >>>>> 1,4 x 0,21 OK
Area under wind arm curve (m*radian) 0,21 ( from intact stability curve )

From Cross Curves of Stability

Θ KZ KGsen(Θ) GZ
(graus) (m) (m) (m)

10 3,50 1,60 1,90


20 5,70 3,14 2,56
30 6,17 4,60 1,57
45 5,89 6,50 -0,62
60 5,13 7,96 -2,83

42/66
11.2. Damaged Stability

Barge tanks: Tanks Volume % VCG Vertical FSC


Capacity Used full moment
(m3) (m3) (m) (m,t) (m)

Peak FW S 144,2 1,4 1 0,05 0,07 0,000


Peak FW P 144,2 1,4 1 0,05 0,07 0,000
Peak FW C 263,7 2,6 1 0,05 0,13 0,000
1S (Damaged tank) 462 452,8 98 2,5 1160,20 0,001
1P 462 9,2 2 0,05 0,46 0,001
1C 843 16,9 2 0,05 0,84 0,001
2S 462 9,2 2 0,05 0,46 0,001
2P 462 9,2 2 0,05 0,46 0,001
2C 843 16,9 2 0,05 0,84 0,001
3S 462 9,2 2 0,05 0,46 0,001
3P 462 9,2 2 0,05 0,46 0,001
3C 843 16,9 2 0,05 0,84 0,001
4S 462 9,2 2 0,05 0,46 0,001
4P 462 9,2 2 0,05 0,46 0,001
4C 843 16,9 2 0,05 0,84 0,001
Peak AF S 144,2 115,6 80,133 2,8 323,55 0,031
Peak AF P 144,2 1,4 1 0,05 0,07 0,000
Peak AF C 263,7 2,6 1 0,05 0,13 0,000
Total ballast 710,0 2,10 1490,83 0,042

Weight VCG Moment


(t) (m) (t.m)

Barge LW 1105 2,80 3094


Grillage & seafast. 120 5,63 675
Ballast 728 1,24 339
Total barge 1953 2,10 4108

Module 05 1318 12,79 16857


Module 06 1386 12,58 17436
Displacement 4657 8,25 38401

KG (m) 8,25
Corrected KG (m) 8,29
KM (m) 16,85
GM (m) 8,57
Draft (m) 2,97

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Heeling moment due to flooded tank (t.m) 3944,67
Heeling arm due to flooded tank (m) 0,85
Wind heeling arm (m) 0,08
Equilibrium angle after damage (degrees) 5,03 ( from stability curve with damage )
Angle at 2nd interception (degrees) 32,87 ( from stability curve with damage )
Area under GZ curve (m*radian) 0,46 >>>>>>> 1,4 x 0,05 OK
Area under wind arm curve (m*radian) 0,05

From Cross Curves of Stability After damage

Θ KZ KGsen(Θ GZ GZ Area under GZ


(graus) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m*rad)
5,03
10 3,12 1,49 1,63 10 0,79 0,03
20 5,21 2,93 2,28 20 1,43 0,19
30 5,59 4,28 1,31 30 0,46 0,17
45 5,40 6,06 -0,66 32,87 0,08 0,07
60 4,76 7,42 -2,66

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11.3. Wind Forces

Barge Data

Barge length (m) 77


Barge depth (m) 5
Barge width (m) 22,4
Barge draft (m) 2,64

Modules data
Mod 05 Mod 06

VCOW (m) 9,99 9,99 (Center of wind pressure above sea level)
Area_T (m2) 240 240 (Transversal area exposed to wind)
Area_L (m2) 384 384 (Longitudinal area exposed to wind)

Air density (kg/m3) 1,29

For intact stability:

Wind speed at 10 m (m/s) 50,00


Item Area_T Area_L VCOW Speed Pressure Shape Force_T Mom._T
(m2) (m2) (m) (m/s) (kg/m2) Coef. (t) (t.m)
Module 05 240 384 9,99 50,00 156,08 1 59,9 678
Module 06 240 384 9,99 50,00 156,08 1 59,9 678
Barge 53,0 182 1,18 41,26 106,29 1 19,4 48

Barge Displacement (t) 4131


Transversal moment (t.m) 1404
Heeling arm (m) 0,34

For damage stability:

Wind speed at 10 m (m/s) 25,00


Item Area_T Area_L VCOW Speed Pressure Shape Force_T Mom._T
(m2) (m2) (m) (m/s) (kg/m2) Coef. (t) (t.m)
Module 05 240 384 9,99 25,00 39,02 1 15,0 169
Module 06 240 384 9,99 25,00 39,02 1 15,0 169
Barge 53,0 182 1,18 20,63 26,57 1 4,8 12

Barge Displacement (t) 4131


Transversal moment (t.m) 351
Heeling arm (m) 0,08

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ANNEX A

FEM ANALYSIS FIGURES and TABLES

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Figure 1 – FEM of three frame spaces, between longitudinal bulkhead and side shell

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Figure 2 – FEM of one frame (X = 0 is at the long. BHD; X = 601 cm is at the side shell); (Y = 0 is at the
bottom; Y = 500 cm is at the deck).

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Figure 3 – Loads on the nodes of the transverse frame, near the side shell
(Z = 250 cm and Z = 500 cm).

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Figure 4 - Elements numbering at Z = 250 cm and at Z = 500 cm, near the side shell and close to
the deck

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Figure 5 – Reinforcements installed under the deck, near the side shell, in Z =250 cm and Z = 500
cm.

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Figure 6 - Von Mises stress resultant from the FEM analysis.

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Figure 7 – Distribution of von Mises stresses throughout the transverse frame

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Figure 8 - Elements material and thickness at Z = 250 cm and at Z = 500 cm, near the side shell and
close to the deck

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Figure 9 - Elements material and thickness in the side shell near frame

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Figure 10 – Nodes and elements numbering in the side shell near frame Z = 250

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TABLE I

FEM Results for Elements in the Upper Part of Frames, Near the Side Shell

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Note: T12 shear stress

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TABLE II

Material and Thickness identification

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TABLE III

FEM Results for Elements in the Middle Part of Side Shell Frame and in Upper Part of Side Shell Plating

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ANNEX B

BARGE LONGITUDINAL STRENGTH CHECK RESULTS

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Station V2 M3 Station V2 M3 Station V2 M3
cm Ton Ton-cm cm Ton Ton-cm cm Ton Ton-cm
0 0,2726 -5,36E-10 2500 158,2659 -255481,5 5000 198,8285 -221275,3
57,692 9,691 -287,41 2550 134,7141 -262805,8 5060 173,252 -232437,3
115,385 19,1094 -1118,193 2600 111,2069 -268953,7 5120 147,7398 -242066,8
173,077 28,4009 -2484,128 2650 87,7445 -273927,3 5180 122,292 -250167,4
230,769 45,4497 -4634,093 2700 64,3267 -277728,9 5240 96,9085 -256743,1
288,462 58,4098 -7649,698 2750 40,9535 -280360,7 5300 71,5893 -261797,7
346,154 67,2811 -11295,055 2750 441,6835 -280360,7 5360 46,3344 -265335,1
403,846 72,0636 -15334,272 2810,606 413,4124 -306272,4 5420 21,1439 -267359,1
461,538 72,7574 -19531,461 2871,212 385,2068 -330472,6 5480 -3,9823 -267873,7
519,231 69,3625 -23650,731 2931,818 357,0669 -352965,4 5540 -29,0441 -266882,5
576,923 61,8787 -27456,193 2992,424 328,9927 -373754,8 5600 -54,0417 -264389,6
634,615 50,3063 -30711,956 3053,03 300,984 -392844,6 5660 -78,9749 -260398,8
692,308 34,645 -33182,132 3113,636 273,041 -410239 5720 -103,8438 -254913,9
750 16,4529 -34656,794 3174,242 245,1637 -425941,8 5780 -128,6483 -247938,9
750 238,8629 -34656,794 3234,848 217,3519 -439957,1 5840 -153,3886 -239477,4
800 213,7476 -45971,869 3295,455 189,6058 -452288,9 5900 -178,0645 -229533,5
850 188,6769 -56032,295 3356,061 161,9254 -462941 5960 -202,676 -218111
900 163,6509 -64840,304 3416,667 134,3105 -471917,5 6020 -227,2233 -205213,7
950 138,6696 -72398,13 3477,273 106,7613 -479222,4 6080 -251,7062 -190845,5
1000 113,7329 -78708,007 3537,879 79,2778 -484859,6 6140 -276,1248 -175010,2
1000 484,8629 -78708,007 3598,485 51,8598 -488833,1 6200 -300,4791 -157711,8
1060 454,9979 -106903,511 3659,091 24,5075 -491147 6260 -324,769 -138954
1120 425,1972 -133309,044 3719,697 -2,7791 -491805,1 6320 -348,9946 -118740,8
1180 395,4609 -157928,465 3780,303 -30,0002 -490811,4 6380 -373,1559 -97075,96
1240 365,7888 -180765,634 3840,909 -57,1556 -488170 6440 -397,2528 -73963,38
1300 336,1811 -201824,412 3901,515 -84,2453 -483884,8 6500 -421,2854 -49406,91
1360 306,6378 -221108,657 3962,121 -111,2694 -477959,8 6500 -68,1154 -49406,91
1420 277,1587 -238622,229 4022,727 -138,2279 -470398,9 6550 -88,0935 -45501,5
1480 247,744 -254368,988 4083,333 -165,1208 -461206,2 6600 -108,0269 -40598,31
1540 218,3936 -268352,794 4143,939 -191,948 -450385,6 6650 -127,9156 -34699,56
1600 189,1075 -280577,506 4204,545 -218,7096 -437941,1 6700 -147,7596 -27807,49
1660 159,8858 -291046,984 4265,152 -245,4056 -423876,7 6750 -167,5589 -19924,34
1720 130,7284 -299765,088 4325,758 -272,0359 -408196,3 6750 34,5711 -19924,34
1780 101,6353 -306735,677 4386,364 -298,6006 -390904 6807,692 10,993 -21237,44
1840 72,6066 -311962,611 4446,97 -325,0996 -372003,6 6865,385 -9,9377 -21247,67
1900 43,6421 -315449,75 4507,576 -351,5331 -351499,3 6923,077 -26,6645 -20171,63
1960 14,742 -317200,953 4568,182 -377,9008 -329394,9 6980,769 -39,1875 -18251,84
2020 -14,0937 -317220,08 4628,788 -404,203 -305694,4 7038,462 -47,5066 -15730,84
2080 -42,8652 -315510,991 4689,394 -430,4395 -280401,9 7096,154 -51,6219 -12851,15
2140 -71,5723 -312077,545 4750 -456,6104 -253521,3 7153,846 -51,5334 -9855,307
2200 -100,2151 -306923,602 4750 -75,2604 -253521,3 7211,538 -47,241 -6985,836
2260 -128,7935 -300053,022 4800 -96,802 -249219,5 7269,231 -38,7896 -4485,142
2320 -157,3077 -291469,664 4850 -118,2989 -243841,8 7326,923 -28,8058 -2535,274
2380 -185,7575 -281177,388 4900 -139,7511 -237390,4 7384,615 -19,3572 -1146,78
2440 -214,1429 -269180,054 4950 -161,1587 -229867,4 7442,308 -9,9388 -301,704
2500 -242,4641 -255481,521 5000 -182,5215 -221275,3 7500 -0,5203 -3,66E-08

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ANNEX C

LETTER FROM ABS INDICATING THE SWBM AND SHEAR

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