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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
Lembar Judul Tugas Akhir ........................................................................... i
Lembar Pernyataan Keaslian Tugas Akhir ................................................... ii
Lembar Pernyataan Persetujuan Publikasi Karya Ilmiah.............................. iii
Lembar Persetujuan dan Pengesahan Tugas Akhir ....................................... iv
Lembar Konsultasi Tugas Akhir ................................................................... v
Kata Pengantar .............................................................................................. vi
Abstrak .......................................................................................................... viii
Abstract ......................................................................................................... ix
Daftar Isi ....................................................................................................... x
Daftar Simbol ................................................................................................ xii
Daftar Gambar............................................................................................... xiv
Daftar Tabel .................................................................................................. xv
Daftar Lampiran ............................................................................................ xvi

BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1. Latar Belakang ...................................................................... 1
1.2. Maksud dan Tujuan ............................................................... 3
1.3. Metode Penelitian ................................................................. 4
1.4. Ruang Lingkup ...................................................................... 6
1.5. Sistematika Penulisan ........................................................... 7

BAB II LANDASAN TEORI


2.1. Konsep Dasar Sistem ............................................................ 9
2.1.1. Pengertian Sistem...................................................... 9
2.1.2. Karakteristik Sistem .................................................. 10
2.1.3. Klasifikasi Sistem ..................................................... 11
2.1.4. Perancangan Sistem .................................................. 12
2.1.5. Sistem Informasi ....................................................... 12
2.1.6. Basis Data ................................................................. 15
2.1.7. Metode Pengembangan Perangkat Lunak ................. 17
2.1.8. Perpustakaan ............................................................. 19
2.2. Teori Pendukung ................................................................... 19
2.2.1. Diagram Alir Data (DAD) ........................................ 20
2.2.2. Kamus Data .............................................................. 22
2.2.3. Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD) ......................... 24
2.2.4. Logical Record Structure (LRS) ............................... 25
2.2.5. Pengkodean ............................................................... 27
2.2.6. Hierarchy Input Process Output (HIPO) .................. 27

BAB III ANALISA SISTEM BERJALAN


3.1. Tinjauan Instansi ................................................................... 29
3.1.1. Sejarah Instansi ......................................................... 29

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3.1.2. Struktur Organisasi dan Fungsi ................................. 30
3.2. Prosedur Sistem Berjalan ...................................................... 32
3.3. Diagram Alir Data (DAD) Sistem Berjalan .......................... 33
3.4. Spesifikasi Dokumen Sistem Berjalan .................................. 39
3.5. Permasalahan Pokok ............................................................. 42
3.6. Pemecahan Masalah .............................................................. 42

BAB IV RANCANGAN SISTEM USULAN


4.1. Umum ................................................................................... 43
4.2. Prosedur Sistem Usulan ........................................................ 43
4.3. Diagram Alir Data (DAD) Sistem Usulan ............................ 45
4.4. Kamus Data Sistem Usulan................................................... 49
4.5. Spesifikasi Rancangan Sistem Usulan .................................. 50
4.5.1. Hierarchy Input Process Output (HIPO) .................. 51
4.5.2. Bentuk Dokumen Masukan....................................... 52
4.5.3. Bentuk Dokumen Keluaran ....................................... 52
4.5.4. Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD) ......................... 54
4.5.5. Logical Record Structure (LRS) ............................... 55
4.5.6. Spesifikasi File.......................................................... 56
4.5.7. Struktur Kode ............................................................ 60
4.5.8. Spesifikasi Program .................................................. 61
4.6. Spesifikasi Sistem Komputer ................................................ 66
4.6.1. Umum ....................................................................... 66
4.6.2. Perangkat Keras ........................................................ 66
4.6.3. Perangkat Lunak ....................................................... 67
4.7. Jadwal Implementasi ............................................................. 67

BAB V PENUTUP
5.1. Kesimpulan ........................................................................... 69
5.2. Saran ..................................................................................... 70

DAFTAR PUSTAKA .................................................................................. 71


DAFTAR RIWAYAT HIDUP ................................................................... 72
SURAT KETERANGAN RISET .............................................................. 73
LAMPIRAN-LAMPIRAN ......................................................................... 74

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DAFTAR SIMBOL

A. Diagram Alir Data (DAD)

EXTERNAL ENTITY

Digunakan untuk menggambarkan objek yang

menjadi sumber informasi dan tujuan.

DATA FLOW

Digunakan untuk menggambarkan suatu

penghubungan pada penggambaran DAD.

PROCESS

Digunakan untuk menggambarkan suatu proses pada

penggambaran DAD.

DATA STORE

Digunakan untuk menggambarkan tempat

penyimpanan data.

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B. Entity relationship diagram (ERD)

1. Entitas

Kumpulan objek atau sesuatu yang dapat

dibedakan atau dapat diidentifikasi secara unik.

2. Relasi

Hubungan yang terjadi antara satu entitas atau

lebih. Kumpulan relationship yang sejenis

disebut relationship set.

3. Atribut

Karakteristik dalam entity atau relationship

yang mengerjakan penjelasan detail tentang

entity atau relationship atau dengan kata lain

adalah kumpulan elemen data yang membentuk

suatu entitas.

4. Garis Penghubung

Digunakan sebagai penghubung entitas yang

membedakan entitas tersebut dengan entitas

lainnya.

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DAFTAR GAMBAR
Halaman
Gambar II.1. Ilustrasi Model Waterfall .................................................... 19
Gambar II.2. Entitas .................................................................................. 24
Gambar II.3. Atribut ................................................................................. 25
Gambar II.4. Relasi ................................................................................... 25
Gambar II.5. Garis/Link ............................................................................ 25
Gambar III.1. Struktur Organisasi ............................................................. 30
Gambar III.2. Diagram Konteks Sistem Berjalan ...................................... 34
Gambar III.3. Diagram Nol Sistem Berjalan ............................................. 35
Gambar III.4. Diagram Detail 1.0 Pembuatan Kartu Anggota
Perpustakaan. ....................................................................... 36
Gambar III.5. Diagram Detail 2.0 Proses Peminjaman dan Pengembalian
Buku. ................................................................................... 37
Gambar III.6. Diagram Detail 3.0 Proses Rekapitulasi Peminjaman dan
Pengembalian Buku ............................................................. 38
Gambar III.7. Diagram Detail 4.0 Proses Pembuatan Laporan .................. 39
Gambar IV.1. Diagram Konteks Sistem Usulan ........................................ 45
Gambar IV.2. Diagram Nol Sistem Usulan ................................................ 46
Gambar IV.3. Diagram Detail Sistem Usulan Proses 1.0 .......................... 47
Gambar IV.4. Diagram Detail Sistem Usulan Proses 2.0 .......................... 47
Gambar IV.5. Diagram Detail Sistem Usulan Proses 3.0 .......................... 47
Gambar IV.6. Diagram Detail Sistem Usulan Proses 4.0 .......................... 48
Gambar IV.7. Diagram Detail Sistem Usulan Proses 5.0 .......................... 48
Gambar IV.8. Diagram Detail Sistem Usulan Proses 7.0 .......................... 48
Gambar IV.8. Hierarchy Input Process Output (HIPO) Perpustakaan
SMA Negeri 1 Sungai Ambawang ...................................... 51
Gambar IV.9. Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD) Perpustakaan SMA
Negeri 1 Sungai Ambawang ............................................... 54
Gambar IV.10. Logical Record Structured (LRS) Perpustakaan SMA
Negeri 1 Sungai Ambawang ............................................... 55
Gambar IV.11. Struktur Kode User ............................................................. 60
Gambar IV.12. Struktur Kode Pendaftaran .................................................. 60
Gambar IV.13. Struktur Kode Anggota ....................................................... 60
Gambar IV.14. Struktur Kode Buku ............................................................ 61
Gambar IV.15. Struktur Kode Peminjaman ................................................. 61
Gambar IV.16. Struktur Kode Pengembalian .............................................. 61

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DAFTAR TABEL
Halaman
Tabel II.1. Simbol Kamus Data ............................................................ 23
Tabel IV.1. Spesifikasi File User ........................................................... 56
Tabel IV.2. Spesifikasi File Pendaftaran ................................................ 57
Tabel IV.3. Spesifikasi File Anggota ..................................................... 58
Tabel IV.4. Spesifikasi File Peminjaman ............................................... 59
Tabel IV.5. Spesifikasi File Buku .......................................................... 59
Tabel IV.7. Jadwal Implementasi ........................................................... 68

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DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Halaman
Lampiran A.1. Kartu Pelajar ...................................................................... 74
Lampiran A.2. Formulir Pendaftaran ......................................................... 75
Lampiran A.3. Kartu Anggota Perpustakaan ............................................ 76
Lampiran A.4. Bukti Peminjaman dan Pengembalian Buku ...................... 77
Lampiran A.5. Laporan dokumen peminjaman dan pengembalian Buku 78
Lampiran B.1. Login .................................................................................. 79
Lampiran B.2. Menu Utama....................................................................... 80
Lampiran B.3. Menu Pendaftaran .............................................................. 81
Lampiran B.4. Menu Buku ......................................................................... 82
Lampiran B.5. Menu Peminjaman ............................................................. 83
Lampiran B.6. Menu Pengembalian ........................................................... 84
Lampiran B.7. Menu Laporan .................................................................... 85

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