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1. “Birds of a feather flock together" has been around in the English language since the mid-1500s.

When applied to people, this phrase means that people who are similar to each other or share similar
interests tend to spend time with each other.

2. The English idiom "don't judge a book by its cover" is a metaphorical phrase that means one shouldn't
prejudge the worth or value of something by its outward appearance alone.

3. “The early bird catches the worm” said to advise someone that they will have an advantage if they do
something immediately or before anyone else does it.

4. “Nothing ventured, nothing gained” You have to take a risk in order to get something good.

5. “Better safe than sorry” it is wise to be careful and protect yourself against risk rather than be careless.

6. “Never look a gift horse in the mouth” said to advise someone not to refuse something good that is
being offered.

7. “The best things in life are free” Often the things that have the most value or quality cost nothing; the
price of something does not always properly indicate its value.

8. “Two wrongs don't make a right” said to emphasize that it is not acceptable to do something bad to
someone just because they did something bad to you first.

9. “Practice makes perfect” said to encourage someone to continue to do something many times, so that
they will learn to do it very well.

10. "Do not remove a fly from your friend's forehead with a hatchet" It means don't overdo it when
you're applying a treatment to a problem. Do only what the situation calls for and no more than what is
necessary to fix it.

11. “A bad penny always turns up” A person or thing which is unpleasant, dishonorable, or unwanted
tends to appear (or reappear), especially at inopportune times.

12. “A chain is only as strong as its weakest link” An organization is only as strong or powerful as its
weakest person. A group of associates is only as strong as its laziest member.

13. “A fool and his money are soon parted” It is difficult or unlikely that foolish people maintain their
hold on acquired wealth.

14. “Actions speak louder than words” what you do is more important than what you say, because the
things you do show your true intentions and feelings.

15. “All that glitters is not gold” said about something that seems to be good on the surface, but might not
be when you look at it more closely.

16. “Beggars can't be choosers” said when you recognize that you must accept an offer or a situation
because it is the only one available to you.

17. “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket” This is a piece of advice which means that one should not
concentrate all efforts and resources in one area as one could lose everything.
Separating Mixtures

Mixtures come in many forms and phases. Most of them can be separated, and the kind of separation
method depends on the kind of mixture it is. Below are some common separation methods:
1. Paper Chromatography - This method is often used in the food industry. It is used to identify
chemicals (coloring agents) in foods or inks. For example, if a scientist wants to know how many
substances are in a particular blob of ink, paper chromatography can be used.

2. Filtration - This is a more common method of separating an insoluble solid from a liquid. An
example of such a mixture is sand and water. Filtration is used in water treatment plants, where
water from rivers is filtered to remove solid particles.

3. Evaporation - Evaporation is great for separating a mixture (solution) of a soluble solid and a
solvent. The process involves heating the solution until the solvent evaporates (turns into gas)
leaving behind the solid residue.
4. Simple distillation - This method is best for separating a liquid from a solution. In a way, the concept
is similar to evaporation, but in this case, the vapor is collected by condensation. For example, if you
want to separate water from a salt solution, simple distillation would be great for this.

5. Fractional distillation - Similar to simple distillation, fractional distillation is best for separating a
solution of two miscible liquids. (Miscible liquids are liquids that dissolve in each other). The
Fractional method takes advantage of the different boiling points of the two liquids.

6. Magnetism - Magnetism is ideal for separating mixtures of two solids with one part having magnetic
properties. Some metals like iron, nickel and cobalt have magnetic properties whiles gold, silver and
aluminum do not. Magnetic elements are attracted to a magnet.

7. Separating funnel - In this technique, two liquids that do not dissolve very well in each other
(immiscible liquids) can be separated by taking advantage of their unequal density. A mixture of oil
and water, for example, can be separated by this technique.