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Research Proposal on Study of

Mountain Tourism Affecting Tourism Year


2020

Submitted By :-

Mahesh Sapkota

Symbol No. 17150223

20th July, 2019

Ritz College of Engineering And Management , Affiliated To


Pokhara University, Balkumari .

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TABLE OF CONTENT

Contents
Chapter One ..................................................................................................................................... 1
1.Introduction .................................................................................................................................. 1
Chapter Two ..................................................................................................................................... 3
2. Objective Of The Study ................................................................................................................ 3
2.1general Objective ........................................................................................................................ 3
2.2 Specific Objective ................................................................................................................... 3
Chapter Three .................................................................................................................................. 4
3. Need And Scope ........................................................................................................................... 4
Chapter Four .................................................................................................................................... 5
Litreture Review ............................................................................................................................... 5
Chapter Five ..................................................................................................................................... 6
5.Research And Methodology: ........................................................................................................ 6
Chapter Six ....................................................................................................................................... 7
6.Limitation Of The Study : .............................................................................................................. 7
Chapter Seven .................................................................................................................................. 8
7.Exepected Output : ....................................................................................................................... 8
Referances: ...................................................................................................................................... 9

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CHAPTER ONE

1.INTRODUCTION

The democratic republic of Nepal is one of the least developed countries in the Asia continent, but
also land – locked – disadvantage in her to fulfill development aspirations.

Approximately 83 % of land from total of 1,41,181 sq.km (CBS, 2006) area of Nepal is covered
with hills, forest , rivers including Himalaya, however, attributed with nature and culture. Out of
3500 km extension of the highest Himalayas- Himalaya ranging for Afghanistan in the north-west to
Myanmar in south-east, Himalayas in Nepal has covered approximately 800 sq.km . Byasrishi Himal
in Darchula in the west to kanchanjunga in the east (Upadhayaya & upreti, 2008 ).

The nature landlocked geographic setup with climate variations & the harsh remote terrain are
nature caused shortcomings for Nepal development . Moreover ; poor management of limited
resources for sates (technical , financial , human as managerial), large number of economy based on
conventional type of industries , substandard infrastructures , and technological backward are
manmade drawback of the country for desired socio-economic transformation (upadhaya,2006).

Nepal mountain regions are generally characterized by irregular & steep relief of land /surface, deep
gorges , low temperature, poorly developed soil, limited choice of crops, remote village, low oxygen
pressure and low humidity of air (Upadhayaya, 2006).

Nepal is the nation with 26.5 million population (CBS, 2011), Nepal is ranked 142nd (UNDP, 2007)
in the list of least-developed countries among 177 nations in the world .

Nepal has around 1792 mountains peaks , 1310 peaks are above 6000 meter and only 326 peaks are
opened for domestic and international tourist for climbing (TAAN , 2008).

Tourism in Nepal, like in other countries, is some of the phenomenon and relationships arising from
activities like travel and stay of nonresidents in so far as they don’t lead to permanent residence and
are not connected with any kind of earning activities. Those activities made by the tourist includes

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recreation, holidays, adventures, and other special interest activities. All of which are equally
important and required for the development of tourist (Bhatia,1996).

Nepal’s tourism can be geographically divided into two broad geographic region namely Mountain
and Terai . While looking at the bulk of tourism related activities being operated in the given
geographic and topographic distribution of Nepal’s territory, mountain tourism is found dominant
covering vast occupancy in Nepal

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CHAPTER TWO

2. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

2.1GENERAL OBJECTIVE
 To study about the international as well as the domestic /local tourist climbing or visiting
mountains in tourism year 2020 .

2.2 SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE


 To study the affect of mountain tourist in tourism year 2020

 To study the potential of mountain tourism attracting tourist across the world to Nepal in
upcoming tourism year 2020.

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CHAPTER THREE

3. NEED AND SCOPE


The need of my research is to manage and good maintenance the mountain base camp which is used
by the tourist for climbing rest place or simple for the visit.

My research project is about the affects of mountain tourism in tourism year 2020 which is the study
of the tourist visiting or climbing mountains in year 2020 which will help in increase of GDP and
foreign countries attraction toward the natural assets and tourism area around Nepal and how the
mountain tourism helps the country to attract more tourist and also increase income of the country by
the tourism sector.

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CHAPTER FOUR

4.LITERATURE REVIEW:

Mountain tourism is “ a type of tourism activity which take place in defined and limited
geographical space such as hills or mountains with distinctive characteristics and
attributes that are inherent to a specific landscape ,topography ,climate ,biodiversity (flora
and fauna) and local community. It encompasses a broad rang of outdoor leisure and
sports activities”. (UNWTO,2019)

Tourism is an ancient phenomenon and an inherent nomadic urge in man. From the very
earliest historical period, travel has remained a fascination to man. In ancient time
pilgrims, traders, explorers, adventurer and some scholars had undertaken journey in
order to fulfill their respective requirements and needs. The progress of tourism
development is related with human evolution. To search for basic needs of life; food,
cloth and shelter, human beings used to move from one place to another place. Travelling
in those times was difficult because of severe constraint of well equipped transport, lack
of safety and comforts. Gradually, when permanent settlement started, different religions
and trade emerged which motivated people to travel different places

Mountain region shares roughly 15-20% of the global tourism market, generating
between 70 to 90 billon US dollars per year. (Banskota, K, kruk,E). This review begins
with the most theoretically oriented work of the group, Ramesh Raj Kunwar’s
Anthropology of Tourism: A Case Study of Chitwan-Sauraha, Nepal before considering
two more descriptive, statistical books by Yajna Raj Satyal: his Tourism in Nepal: A
Profile and Tourism Monograph of Nepal. I then turn to the three more topical studies:
Maheswor Bhakta Shrestha’s Nepalese Aviation and Tourism, Surendra Bhakta
Pradhanang’s Tourists’ Consumption Pattern and Its Economic Impact in Nepal, and Hari
Prasad Shrestha’s Tourism in Nepal: Marketing Challenges. Together these works serve
as useful summations of existing primary and secondary material on tourism in Nepal
while also providing valuable new original research data.

For readers unfamiliar with anthropological theory, Ramesh Raj Kunwar’s Anthropology
of Tourism: A Case Study of Chitwan-Sauraha, Nepal offers a host of analytical
perspectives to better understand the complex cultural dynamics involved in motivating
tourism and in the encounter between hosts and guests. The book presents a smorgasbord
of theoretical perspectives, but its own original content is presented mainly in terms of
applied anthropology with the aim of making policy recommendations for sustainable
tourist development. In other words, the work tries to be conversant with theory, but does
not really contribute to it.

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CHAPTER FIVE

5.RESEARCH AND METHODOLOGY:


This research will use qualitative data analysis methodology using secondary data hence, no
any primary data will be used in this project.

The research will collect all the data from various sources i.e. internet , newspaper , books ,
magazines. The analysis of secondary data will involve comprehensive literature review of
published articles, reports of various committees , various organization sites .

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CHAPTER SIX

6.LIMITATION OF THE STUDY :


 Study is limited to the available secondary information & data

 Fact’s data could not be found

 The data obtained from secondary resources may not match the situation and objective
of the study

 Hard to collect information and data

 This project is fully focus on mountain tourism affecting tourism year 2020.

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CHAPTER SEVEN

7.EXEPECTED OUTPUT :
 The study will help to know about the affects of mountain tourism in Nepal in
tourism year 2020

 This project will help to maintain and manage the current condition of the mountain
tourism and help to improve them for the tourism year 2020.

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REFERANCES:

CBS,2006. Statistical pocket Book Nepal 2006, Kathmandu: Central Bureau of statistics.

Bhatia AK, 1996. International tourism, Fundamentals and Practices, New Delhi: Sterling
Publishers Private Limited.

TAAN,2008. TAAN membership directory 2008. Kathmandu Trekking Agencies’ Association


of Nepal.

Upadhayay PK.2006. Contribution of International Organizations/Agencies in the


Development of Tourism of Nepal.(Master Dissertation). Kathmandu. Nepal: Purbanchal
University.

UNDP,2007. Human Development Report 2007/08. New York: UNDP.

Banskota,K. kruk, E, 2007, Mountain tourism in Nepal 2007 ICIMOD


,http://lib.icimod.org/record/13318.

UNWTO, 2019, Rural and mountain tourism , United Nation World Tourism Organization
(UNWTO).

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