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LET REVIEWER

PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION

INSTRUCTIONS: Select the correct answer for each of the following questions.

1) Which Republic Act provides government assistance to students and teachers in private education?
a. RA 7836 b. RA 7784 c. RA 6728 d. RA 6675
2) In the preamble of the CODE of ethics for Professional Teachers, which of the following teacher descriptions is included in the
Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers?
a. With satisfactory teaching performance c. Duly licensed professional
b. Passed the licensure exams for teachers d. Persons of dignity and reputation
3) Which stage according to Erickson is the stage of trust and mistrust?
a. Young adulthood b. Early childhood c. Adolescence d. Infancy
4) In the history of education system, including that of the Philippines, which system was first and last remained a partner of other
systems of education?
a. Formal b. Non-formal c. Informal d. Pre-school
5) Who among the following subscribe to the theory that the good, the true and the beautiful are universally valid in all places at all
times?
a. Realists and idealists b. Realist and existentialists c. Pragmatists and idealists d. Pragmatists and realists
6) The 1987 Constitution mandates the state to encourage among others self-learning, independent and out-of-school study programs
particularly those that respond to community needs. Which is an off shoot of this mandate?
a. Institutionalization of early childhood care and development c. Multi-grade teaching
b. Principal empowerment program d. Practices of community-based learning
7) Authors claim that education is given greater in the 1987 Philippine Constitution than in the past Constitution. Which article
provision on education is found only in the 1987 Constitution?
a. Support to teacher education c. The establishment of the integrated system of education
b. Provision on assigning the highest budget priority to education d. The creation of CHED
8) According to Hurlock, studies of children’s play revealed that toy play reaches its peak during the:
a. Middle childhood years b. Early childhood years c. Babyhood d. Late childhood
9) In a DECS memorandum issued last 1998, the new name for multi-grade class is:
a. Friendly school b. School-of-the-future . c.Paaralan ng bahay d. Escuela nueva
10) The student-centered curriculum belongs to which group of educators?
a. Reconstructionist-Essentialist b. Progressivist, Perennialist c. Perennialist, Essentialist d. Progressivist,
Reconstructionist
11) Daniel Goleman talks about emotional intelligence. Which of the following characterize a student with a high degree of emotional
intelligence?
a. Sensitive to points of view and feeling of others c. Obsessed with achieving at any cost
b. Prodded by others d. Unable to delay gratification
12) The history of curriculum development includes the hidden curriculum approach. Which is the content emphasis of the hidden
curriculum?
a. Students experiences and activities c. Student needs and interest
b. Implicit processes and social norms d. Introspection and choice
13) Teacher T is concerned with conceptual matters since reality is mental teacher T’s thinking is quite-
a. Realistic b. Pragmatic c. Existential d. Idealistic
14) The authoritarian setting in the Filipino home is reinforced by a classroom teacher who-
a. Asks open –ended questions c. Prescribes what pupils should do
b. Encourages pupils to ask questions d. Is open to suggestions
15) A number of researches found that the effects of maternal employment on children’s achievement are-
a. Hardly established b. Positive and negative c. Fully established d. Negative
16) Which one correctly describes the phenomenon of latchkey children?
a. They turn to empty homes after school either to sit by the television or to roam the streets
b. They are truant school children
c. They are engaged in child labor
d. They are engaged in child labor
17) Teacher Q regards the student as a spiritual entity and as part of the larger spiritual universe. To what philosophy does teacher Q
subscribed?
a. Idealism b. Existentialism c. Realism d. Pragmatism
18) The 1987 Constitution mandates the state to assign the highest budgetary priority to-
a. Health b. Education c. Social work] d. Defense
19) Moral development in early childhood is characterized by-
a. Questioning rules c. Acting out of conviction
b. Willful disobedience of rules d. Acting without knowing why they do so
20) According to Piaget, by adolescence boys and girls must have reached what stage?
a. Concrete operations Stage c. Formal operations stage
b. Sensorimotor stage d. Pre-operational stage
21) Ruth dances well. She can figure out how something works or how to fix something that is broken, without asking for help. Based
on Garden’s theory of multiple intelligence under what intelligence is she strong?
a. Musical b. Logical-mathematical c. Spatial intelligence d. Kinesthetic intelligence
22) Who among the following believes that learning requires disciplined attention regular homework, and respect for legitimate
authority?
a. Reconstructionist b. Perennialist c. Essentialist d. Progressivist
23) Which developmental task is expected of the adolescent according to Havinghurst?
a. Achieving new and more mature relations with age-mates of both sexes
b. Skilled games
c. Getting started in an occupation
d. Learning to get along with age-mates
24) Mr. Roy wants his pupils to be creative. Which of the following will he REFRAIN from doing?
a. Heighten the student’s sense of unusual
b. Develops students’ ability to recognize and analyze problems and relationships
c. Encourage sustained attention in an area of interest
d. Develop solely skill mastery
25) The creation of Student’s Loan Fund to give equal opportunity to all persons who desire to pursue higher education is the essence
of:
a. RA 6014 b. RA 7836 c. RA 6655 d. RA 7784
26) In his/her teaching, Teacher D moves from particular instances to tentative generalizations that are Subjected to further
verification . Teacher D engages himself/herself in:
a. Intuition b. Inductive logic c. Deductive logic d. Philosophical analysis
27) Which of the correct statement of emotional intelligence based on Daniel Goleman’s theory?
a. Emotional intelligence is feeling approximately and effectively
b. Emotional intelligence id being nice to people
c. Emotional intelligence is giving free rein to feeling
d. Emotional intelligence changes less considerably than IQ through life.
28) Which of the following is not a subject-centered curriculum?
a. Perennialist b. Back-to-basics c. Values-centered d. Subject area
29) Which program is assisted financially by the World Bank and OECF and is meant for the improvement of elementary education
in the SRA provinces?
a. Program for Decentralized Education c. Kinesthetic intelligence
b. First Elementary Education Project d. Second Elementary Education Project
30) Mr. Z, A fifty-five year old American citizen, even though very educationally qualified to be president an educational institution
in third country cannot be appointed as President because:
a. Does not belong to a religious group c. Is not Filipino Citizen
b. Is nearing retirement d. Is not an official of a corporation
31) Which of the following is not a hazard to the mastery of developmental tasks?
a. Unfavorable social judgment
b. Bypassing of stage of development as a result of failure to master the tasks for that stage of development
c. Crisis when individuals pass from on stage to another
d. Inappropriate or impossible expectations
32) Teacher U emphasizes to her students the importance of deep personal reflection on one’s commitments and choices. Teacher U
subscribes to which Philosophy?
a. Realism b. Idealism c. Existentialism d. Pragmatism
33) The constitutional provision on language has the following aims, Except:
a. To make Filipino the national language and medium of instruction and official communication
b. To make the regional dialect as auxiliary media of instructions in regional schools
c. To make Filipino the sole medium of instruction
d. To maintain English as a second language
34) Which periods in the life span of an individual are characterized by growth spurt?
a. Early childhood and adolescence c. Early childhood
b. Prenatal period and early childhood d. Pre-natal and puberty
35) The introduction of non-formal education in line with the Constitutional Provision on:
a. Protection of teachers
b. Promoting the rights of all citizens to make quality education accessible to all
c. Optional religious instructions
d. Promoting the rights of all citizens to quality education at all levels
36) Teacher X is often times frustrated. The students in her class hardly volunteer to recite and to do other learning-related task. This
is a proof of the Filipino’s:
a. Sense of humor b. Lack of resourcefulness c. Lack of reflection d.Passivity and lack of
initiative
37) The tendency to emphasize so much on school beautification to the detriment of pupil’s performance illustrated the:
a. Filipino’s sense of humor c. Filipino’s love for “ Porma” at the expense of substance
b. Filipino’s lack of reflection d. Filipino’s lack of seriousness
38) A president body to study Philippines education created by virtue of Executive Order No. 46 during the incumbency of DECS
secretary Andrew Gonzales with an aim to study Philippine Education is the:
a. Presidential Commission on Educational Reform c. Survey to outcomes of elementary Education
b. Philippine Commission to Survey Philippine Education d. Commission on Philippine Education
39) Which is a danger signal of adolescent mal-adjustment?
a. Inappropriate body-build
b. Irresponsibility as shown in neglect of studies in favor of having a good time
c. Attraction to the opposite sex
d. Prolonged treatment as children
40) To democratize access to secondary education, public secondary education was made free. In whose presidency was this
implemented?
a. Ferdinand Marcos b. Joseph Estrada c. Corazon Aquino d. Fidel Ramos
41) Which is not a characteristic of democratic discipline?
a. Child obeys blindly c. Child is given punishment us related to the
misdeed
b. Child understands the meaning of rules d. Child has opportunity to express his/her opinion
42) The three A’s of happiness according to Hurlock are:
a. Adjustments, affection, altruism c. Acceptance, affection, and achievement
b. Attitude, ability, adjustment d. Affection, ability, attitude
43) Babyhood is often referred to as a “ Critical period” in the development of personality because:
a. At this time the foundations are laid upon which the adult personality structure will be built
b. Changes in the personality pattern take place
c. The brain grows and develops at such an accelerated rate during babyhood
d. At this time the baby is exposed to many hazards both physical and psychological
44) Who among the following stressed the processes of experiences and problem solving?
a. Plato b. Hegel c. Dewey d. Aristotle
45) Teacher L believes that creation of knowledge in by way of the learners’ interaction with their environment. Teacher L is more of:
a. An idealist b. A pragmatist c. An existentialist d. A realist
46) To reach out clientele who cannot be in the classroom for one reason or another, which of the following was established
a. Non-formal education b. Informal education c. Pre-school education d. formal education
47) The encouragement of self-learning, independent, and out-of-school study programs as stated in the 1987 constitution has given
rise to:
a. The implementation of open universities and distance learning programs c. The conduct of NEAT and NSAT
b. Institutionalization of early childhood care and development d. The clamor for a Grade VII
48) Which of the following statement on developmental tasks is wrong?
a. Failure to master developmental tasks at a certain developmental stage has far reaching consequences in a person’s
development
b. The mastery of development tasks is a result of physical maturation, societal pressure and individual’s aspiration
c. There are essential skills expected to be acquired and mastered in each developmental stage
d. Retirees are not expected to work on mastering certain develop mental tasks
49) The 1987 Philippines Constitution states the following, Except:
a. The official languages of the Philippines are Filipino and English
b. The national language of the Philippines is Filipino
c. Filipino is the Tagalog of the Tagalog –speaking provinces
d. The government shall initiate and sustain the use of Filipino as a medium of official communication and as a language of
instruction in the education system
50) Which among the following has been said to play an irreplaceable role in the education of the young?
a. Community b. School c. Church d. Home
51) For the drill method to be effective there should be:
a. Much practice on a few skills c. Much practice on many skills
b. Little practices on few skills d. Little practice on many skills
52) Which of the following classroom management practices runs counter to the reality therapy approach of William Glasser?
a. A. The teacher asks a misbehaving student what he or she is doing
b. Teacher requires the students to prepare a plan in writing and sign it as means of increasing personal motivation to maintain
and fulfill the plan
c. The teacher evaluates pupil’s behavior as good or bad
d. Teacher assists the students in making realistic plans to change behavior
53) Which of the following does not apply to mastery learning?
a. It makes use of varied instructional time for different groups of students c. It is effective in teaching basic skills
b. It makes use of norm-reference tests d. It requires the use of carefully crafted instructional
objective
54) The teacher’s role in problem solving methods is:
a. To test the conclusions c. To propose ways of obtaining the needed data
b. To set up the problem d. To help the learners what is it that is being solved
55) To nurture creativity in student, teacher should:
a. Vary the length and difficulty of questions c. Ask convergent questions
b. Allow for one-minute wait-time d. Emphasize the necessity of giving right answers
56) The content of a good lesson plan is self-sufficient. This means that:
a. The content should match with student’s aptitude c. The content should be broad and treated thoroughly
b. The content should help students learn how to learn d. The content should be verifiable
57) Which one can NOT help individuals reduce their own fears about change?
a. Reflect on the extent of change in one’s life so far and how it has coped with
b. Identify shortfalls in skills or knowledge and take action to remedy them
c. Identify skills which will be useful in a new situation
d. Keep feeling of anxiety to themselves
58) The following are generating thinking skills, Except:
a. Connecting new ideas b. Predicting c.Classifying d.Inferring
59) Mrs. Valdez wants to generates as many ideas as she can as the class is about to embark on a community outreach program.
Which of the following will she employ?
a. role playing b. brainstorming c.brainwashing d.simulation
60) Which teaching practice will most likely decrease learner’s attention?
a. Questioning c. Assessing learning as an integral part of instruction
b. Assessing learning as an external part of instruction d. Teaching by telling
61) For efficiency, if in the process of teaching a teacher realizes that too little has been planned, which of the following may she
NOT do?
a. Discuss possible problems of the new assignment. c. Drill the students on the major points of the lesson.
b. Pose additional questions to explore various facets of the content d. Give a quiz
62) Correct practice makes perfect. This maxim is based on Thorndike’s laws of exercise and the finding that reinforcement of a
response increases the likelihood its occurrence. Whose research finding is the underlined statement?
a. Skinner b. Bruner c. Palo d. Lewin
63) Here is a lesson objective: Given a microscope and a slide, the students must be able to focus the prepared slide. Applying Robert
F. Mager’s principle, which does this lesson objective lack?
a. Criterion measure b. Condition c. . Performance d. time element
64) Which is a focusing thinking skill?
a. Identifying key concepts b. Summarizing c. Obtaining information d. Clarifying through inquiry
65) In the use of television in the classroom, which of the following should be avoided?
a. The TV program lasts the whole class period.
b. There is a pre-viewing orientation
c. Select programs that match the learners’ level of interest and maturity
d. Life should be left on if students are to take notes
66) Based on Victor Lowenfield’s classification, which sequence in the developmental stages of children in art is followed?
a. Scribbling stage, pre-schematic stage, schematic stage, dawning realism stage, pseudo-realistic stage
b. Scribbling stage, pre-schematic stage, schematic stage, pseudorealistic stage, dawning realism stage
c. Pre-schematic stage, schematic stage, scribbling stage, pseudorealistic stage, dawning realism stage
d. Pre-schematic, schematic stage, scribbling dawning realism stage, pseudo-realistic stage
67) In relation to teacher’s ratings research suggests the following, Except one:
a. Teachers favor self-evaluation over all other forms of evaluation
b. Peer and supervisory evaluation are not reliable
c. Student raters of teachers are more reliable and valid than other raters
d. Student work and test outcomes are supplementary sources for evaluating teachers
68) Suppose defined 3 levels of computer-assisted instruction: dialogue, tutoring, practice-drill. Which ones are two higher levels in
the correct order?
a. Tutoring and dialogue b. Practices-drill and tutoring c. Dialogue and tutoring d. Practice-drill and dialogue
69) In what condition is the use of the lecture method appropriate?
a. Higher cognitive learning is sought c. The subject matter is quite easy
b. The information is not available d. Long term learning is desired
70) Which refers to the time when students learn at a maximum level?
a. Wait time b. Engaged time c. Allocated time d. Academic
learning time
71) What is a sign of the underachiever in the classroom?
a. Resist authority and carry on a power struggle with a teacher. c. Frustrated about quality of work
b. Holds back from class participant unless sure of self d. Minimum work output.
72) If after calling on a number of students, a teacher is unable to obtain the desired response, what should teacher do?
a. Ask leading questions c. Probe student’s answers
b. Re-teach parts of the lesson that need re-teaching d. Rephrase the questions
73) For global competitiveness, a school must embark on a proactive change. Which one is a characteristic of proactive change?
a. radical and inventive b. imitative of others c. late in the game d. problem-driven
74) Which guideline on the use of the chalkboard should a teacher AVOID?
a. Establish routine uses for the chalkboard c. Don’t talk to the chalkboard while writing on it
b. While writing, proceed from right to left d.Limit your board writing to major ideas
75) To teach the democratic process to the pupils, Mabuhay Elementary School decided that the election of class and school officers
shall be patterned after local election of the class and school officers shall be patterned after local election process. There are
qualifications set for candidates, limited period for campaign and rules for postingcampaign materials, etc. Which of the
following did the school use?
a. Simulation b. Philips 66 c. Role playing d. Symposium
76) Which is NOT a characteristic of preventive discipline.
a. Proactive b. Anticipatory c. Inventive d. Reactive.
77) One criterion that has been proposed in the selection and organization of content in the development section of a lesson plan is
balance. When does lesson content possess balance?
a. The content should have practical application for the learners
b. The content is not cluttered by masses of more trivial content
c. The content should enable the learners to experience the broad sweep of content and give them the opportunity to go deeper
d. The content should help student learns how to learn
78) The burnout malady gets worse if a teacher doesn’t intervene to change whatever areas he or she can control. Which one can
renew a teacher’senthusiasm?
a. Engage in self-pity b. Stick to the job c. Judge someone else as wrong d. Initiate changes in job.
79) Although learning can take place anywhere and anytime, the more systematic the teacher, the greater the probability for success.
This points out the need for teachers to:
a. Specify their objectives b. Plan their lessons c. Set their teaching priorities d. Select their instructional
materials
80) Below are teacher’s effective classroom management practices, Except One.
a. Teachers make sure students understand and follow rules and procedures
b. Disruptive behavior is handled every weekend
c. Teachers clearly establish consequences for not following rules
d. Teachers spend more time in the beginning of the year explaining and reminding students of rules.
81) A teacher’s summary of a lesson serves the following functions:
a. It links the parts of the less
b. It makes provisions for full participation of the students
c. It clinches the basic ideas or concepts of the lesson
d. It brings together the information that has been discussed
82) Which ones are projected visuals?
a. Graphs on a book b. Models c. Realias d. Slides
83) The lesson is on the pros and cons of capital punishment. Mr. Milan wants to do high level thinking and to develop a view of
capital punishment from a different perspective. Which technique will be most appropriate?
a. Lecture b. Simulation c. Role playing d. Panel discussion
84) Which is used to emphasize individualized instruction?
a. Tutorial group b. Philips 66 c. Inquiry group d. Task group
85) Here a question: FROM THE DATA PRESENTED FROM GENERALIZATION THAT ARE SUPPORTED BY THE DATA.
Under what type of question does this test item fall?
a. Evaluate b. Convergent c. Divergent d. Application
86) Ms. Estira cannot bring her pupils to the sea for a lesson on marine community. Which of the following will be closest to an
actual experience of marine community?
a. Motion picture on marine community c. Pictures of marine community
b. Description of marine community d. Taped lesson of marine community
87) Which can NOT help organizations reduces fears about change?
a. By training people in new skills c. By clandestine moves
b. By keeping people informed about plans d. By consultation
88) After a lesson in air pollution, teacher C gives each pupil mimeographed sheets, which contain statements to which each is
expected to react. Examples of these statements are. Do you in any way contribute to air pollution? What solutions do you
propose to minimize, if not eliminate, air pollution. Then the students are grouped for sharing. In this case what does the teacher
make use of
a. Value sheet b. Conflict story c. Rank ordering d. Contrived incident
89) Which orders consist of the goal-oriented instructional model?
a. Pre-assessment, specification of objectives, pre-assessment, instruction, evaluation
b. Specification of objectives, pre-assessment, instruction evaluation
c. Pre-assessment, specification of objectives, instruction, evaluation
d. Specification of objectives, evaluation, pre-assessment, instruction
90) Teacher B’s lesson was on abortion. She wanted to get her student’s maximum participation and reaction. She showed slides on
abortion accompanied by an audiotape that presented the reasons for and against abortion. Teacher took a stand in favor of
abortion and came up with all her justifications. At the end, however, she made clear her stand on abortion. Which did the teacher
use?
a. She made use of value clarifying discussion c. She made use of simulation
b. She made use of contrived incident d. She played the role of the devil’s advocate
91) In on of the pages of her reference material, Ms. Estrada finds the life cycle of a frog. Assuming that the following are available to
her, the quickest way to effectively present the life cycle of a frog to the class is by way of
a. An overhead projector b. An opaque projector c. Describing the life cycle d. A drawing on the
chalkboard
92) Below are questions that must be considered in developing appropriate learning activities/ experience, Except one:
a. Do the experiences encourage pupils to inquire further?
b. Do the experiences save the pupils from learning difficulties?
c. Can be experiences profit the pupils?
d. Are the experiences in accordance with an increasing amount of learning?
93) Which order of the senses goes with an increasing amount of learning?
a. Sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell c. Taste and smell, touch, sight, hearing
b. Taste and smell, sight , touch, hearing d.Taste and smell, touch, hearing, sight
94) Which of the following statements on peer tutoring is true?
a. Teacher has time with more severe learning problems c. The social skills of pear tutors are not enhanced
b. The atmosphere is threatening d. the peer tutor’s achievement goes down
95) A lesson in Philippine history was presented by Mrs. Palaroan by making her class view a videotape on EDSA revolution. The
videotape which Mrs. Palaroan used in class points to what property of instructional media?
a. Manipulative b. Multi-sensory c. Fixative d. Distributive
96) Read the following teacher-student- situation. Teacher, why is the process called photosynthesis? Student: I don’t know. Which
questioning technique should the teacher use?
a. Concept b. Prompting c. Clarification d. Multiple responses
97) Miss Lee’s objective is to focus student’s attention on and quickly create interest in a problem or concept. She makes use of:
a. Task group b. Panel discussion c. Tutorial group d. Philips 66
98) The content of the lesson must be feasible. This means that:
a. The lesson should be interesting to the student
b. The lesson must be within the capacity of the students
c. The teacher must considered the time needed and resources available
d. The lesson must be useful
99) Which questioning behavior is appropriate:
a. Not allowing a student to complete a long response c. Allowing choral responses
b. Repeating all student’s response d. Asking varied questions
100) Research on teacher effective practices has shown the following:
a. Planning has title impact on student learning
b. Questioning strategies are ineffective monitoring technique
c. Teaching procedures on classroom routines early in the school year are essential
d. Directives should be few and best delivered in a casual manner
101) Teacher Y wants to measure student’s ability to organize thoughts and ideas. Which type of test is most appropriate?
a. Objectives test b. Limited response essay c. Extended response essay d. Short answer type of test
102) Which of the following refers to organized services specially designed to improve the adjustment of students?
a. Group growth sessions b. Test profiles c. Cumulative records d. Guidance program
103) Which tests survey existing problems of academic progress?
a. Achievement tests b. Interest inventories c. Problem checklist d. Aptitude tests
104) Which of the following statements about guidance is NOT true?
a. Guidance is a continuous process
b. Guidance is concerned with “ Whole” student, not only with his or her intellectual and academic aspect
c. Guidance is telling a student what is best for him, and advising him about what he should do
d. Guidance is primary concerned with prevention rather than cure
105) Which of the following is NOT a guidance service?
a. Psychological testing b. Counseling c. Observation d. Education placement
106) Which of the following tests is given at the end of instruction?
a. Summative b. Placement test c. formative test d. diagnostic test
107) Special or exceptional students are such in certain aspects, Except for one:
a. Sensory abilities b. Gender orientation c. Mental characteristics d. Communication abilities
108) Information from achievement tests can be used in the following, Except in:
a. Grading a student b. Labeling pupils c. Establishing proficiency d. Giving feedback
regarding effectiveness of learning
109) Which of the following occurs when the teachers have a general tendency to rate all individuals’ performance at approximately
the same position on the rating scale?
a. Personal bias error b. Halo effect c. Logical error d. Severity error
110) Read and analyze the matching type of test given below: Directions: Match column A with column. Write only the letter of your
answer at the left blank column.
Column A Column B
_____1. Jose Rizal A. Considered the 8Thwonder of the world
_____2. Ferdinand Marcos B. The National hero of the Philippines
_____3. Corazon Aquino C. National Heroes’ day
_____ 4. Manila D. The only woman President of the Philippines
_____5. November 30 E. The capital of the Phil.
_____ 6. Banawe Rice Terraces F. The President of the Philippines who served the longest
What Does the Test Lack?
a. Options b. Distraction c. Response d. Premise
111) When teachers, administrators and counselors come together to synthesize or coordinate in interpreting data about a student for
the purpose of a more intensive study, this is called:
a. Longitudinal study b. Case study c. Case conference d. Case analysis
112) Which type of test can help teachers predict the probability of success of students in certain areas or endeavors?
a. Achievement b. Intelligence c. Aptitude d. Personality
113) Which of the following correctly describes dyslexia?
a. It is a developmental expressive writing disorder c. It is a developmental reading disorder
b. It is a developmental arithmetic disorder d. It is a developmental articulation disorder
114) Here is a sample multiple choice type of test item: Man is to woman as boy is to:
a) Father b) Mother c) Girl d) Boy
The above Test item makes use of
a. A cause-effect relationship b. A comparison c. An analogy d. Part-whole relationship
115) Readiness pretests is given at the beginning of an instructional unit is a:
a. Summative tests b. Formative test c. Placement test d. Diagnostic test
116) The distribution of the scores is negatively skewed. This means that:
a. Most of the score are low
b. Most of the scores are high
c. The score are concentrated on the left of the distribution curve and most of the score are low
d. The scores are concentrated on the left of the distribution curve
117) Aside from professional competence, what other important qualification must a teacher have for guidance work?
a. Similar cultural background with the students c. Affiliation with a professional group
b. Personal qualities, such as warmth, open-mindedness, interest in people d. Several year of experience as teacher
118) Which of the following is meant to determine student performance at that beginning of instruction?
a. Diagnostic assessment b. Placement assessment c. Summative assessment d. Summative assessment
119) Mean is to central tendency as standard deviation is to:
a. Discrimination b. Level of difficulty c. Correlation d. Variability
120) The following characterize school guidance programs, Except one:
a. A part of every school activity c. A function sheared by all
b. Separate from the general life of the school d. Located in every part of the school
121) Which factor is most likely to make a school’s guidance program succeed?
a. Administrative support c The favorable attitude of teachers toward guidance
b. The availability of the specialist d. Located in every part of the school
122) The results if this type of test serve as basis for remedial instruction. What is the type of test referred to?
a. Prognotic test b. Speed test c. Diagnostic test d. Achievement test
123) The difficulty index of a test item is 1. This implies that:
a. The test item must be moderate in difficulty because 50% got the item correctly and 50% got it wrongly
b. The test item must be very difficult because nobody got the item correctly
c. The test item must be neither difficult because nor easy because this depends on the ability of the students
d. The test item must be very easy because everybody got the item correctly
124) In his conduct of item analysis Mr. Milanes discovered that a significant greater number from the lower group of the class that
from the upper group got item number 10 correctly. This implies that:
a. The test item is reliable c. The item has a positive discrimination power
b. The test item has a negative discriminating power d. The tests item is valid
125) Guidance is concerned with
a. All students, even if some seem not to have problems c. Underachieving students only
b. Students who manifests undesirable behavior only d. Students with emotional problems only
126) Which statement explains the primary focus of the non-directive approach in counseling?
a. It focuses in the person’s responsibility and capacity to discover more appropriate behavior
b. It places confidence in a person’s ability to deal with his or her needs through a realistic process
c. it helps confidence to develop a more rational to deal with his or her needs through a realistic process
d. it modifies behavior by providing appropriate learning conditions and experiences
127) An algebra test was designed to measure what the students learned at the end of the course. It was also to predict success in future
mathematics subjects. This algebra test functioned as-
a. Diagnostic and placement test b. An aptitude test c. An achievement test d. An aptitude
and an achievement test
128) Giftedness is a form of exceptionality. Students who fall under this category demonstrate high performance in special areas, such
as those below-
a. Athletic prowess b. Creative thinking c. General intellectual ability d. Visual and performing arts
129) Which of the following is the least stable measure of central tendency?
a. Median and mode b. Mode c. Median d. Mean
130) Which assessment concerned with identifying learning difficulties during instruction
a. Summative assessment b. Placement assessment c. Formative assessment d. Visual and performing arts
131) These are significant information about a student, gathered through the use of various techniques, assembled, summarized and
organized in such a way that they may be used effectively:
a. Cumulative records b. Test profile c. Personal inventories d. Case studies
132) Research findings show that autism is
a. Either more prevalent among girls or among boys depending on their nationality
b. Equally prevalent among boys and girls
c. More prevalent among boy than among girls
d. More prevalent among girls than among boys
133) In interpreting test results which statements are true?
I. A raw score itself is meaningless but becomes meaningful once it is interpreted
II. An analysis of test results is useless without interpretation
III. Test result interpretation is possible without analysis
IV. The use of statistical techniques gives meaning to student’s scores
a. I, II, IV b. I, II, III c. I, III, IV d. II, III, IV
134) This guidance service to help students carry out their plans and act on their choices so that they become adjusted to their chosen
field or career is called:
a. Counseling b. Information c.Placement d. Follow-up
135) The tendency for the rather to use only the lower end of rating scale in rating performance is referred to as
a. Personal bias error b. Severity error c. Generosity error d. logical error
136) What must be employed to continuously strengthen a school guidance program
a. Assignment of responsibilities b. Research c. Evaluation d. Program Planning
137) Which tests are given before instruction?
a. Placement b. Formative c. Summative d. Achievement
138) Which tests are given choice type of test:
a. Readiness and placement test c. Formative and summative tests
b. Diagnostic and achievement d. Diagnostic and readiness tests
139) In this multiple choice of test item. US Grant was an
a. President b. Man c. alcoholic d. General
The article AN is called:
a. Foil b. Premise c. stem d. specific determiner
140) The following are computed difficulty indices: 1, . 80, .50, .30 which one indicates the most difficulty item?
a. 30 b. 50 c. 1 d. 80
141) What follows is a multiple-choice type of tests. Some test items:
a. Are too difficult b. Are poorly constructed c. Are objective d. Have multiple defensible answer
WHAT MAKES THE ABOVE MULTIPLE CHOICE TYPE OF TEST POOR?
a. The options are not parallel c. The options are not grammatically connected to the stem
b. The stem fails to present a problem d. There are grammatical clues
142) All are components of remedial guidance in the classroom, Except:
a. Dealing with discipline problems c. Dealing with poor study habits and skills
b. Dealing with underachievement d. Dealing with career choices or vocational plans
143) Which method provides a more or less objectives assessment of different aspects of an individual?
a. Home visits b. Counseling interview c. Observations d. Standardized testing
144) What follows is a multiple choice type of test: US Grant was an:
a. President b. Composer c. Alcohol d. General
WHAT MAKES THE ABOVE MULTIPLE CHOICE TYPE OF TEST POOR?
a. The article eliminates options A, B and D immediately c. The item is quite short
b. The options are not parallel d. The content is nor Filipino
145) A school guidance program should arise mainly out of:
a. The curriculum and other programs of the school c. The students’ needs and the problems
b. The school administrator’s directives from his/her perceptions d. The availability of guidance resources in the schools
146) A test in which the options are dependent upon a foundation of some sort such as graphical representation, paragraph, and
pictures is:
a. Contained-options test b. Setting-and-options test c. Structured-response d. Stem-and-options test
147) In the scoring of essay tests, experts advise teachers to score all answer to an easy question before going to the next question for
which reason?
a. It reduce the chances that ratings will be influenced by a halo effect
b. It is more convenient
c. It is easier to apply the criteria more uniformly when considering only a single task at a time when going from task to task for
each student
d. Checking is faster this way
148) Whose performance does stanine of 5 represent?
a. Performance of the upper 40% c. Performance of the lower 20%
b. Performance of the upper 20% d. Performance of the middle 20%
149) In making and reporting observations of students’ behavior, which ones should be avoided?
a. Descriptions of student’s gestures and expressions
b. The names of other students with whom the one being observed interact
c. Opinions and judgment about a students
d. Direct quotations of student’s statements
150) All are basic functions of psychological tests EXCEPT ONE.
a. For selection or admission
b. Identification of students who need special attention
c. For promotion or accelerationIntegration of life experiences and future directions of students
151) Upon what shall a teacher base the evaluation of the learner’s scholarship
a. Merit, learner’s scholarship c. Merit, attendance
b. Merit, quality of performance d. Quality of performance, learner’s scholarship
152) The following are some of what a professional teachers may NOT do EXCEPT:
a. Accept remuneration from tutorials other than what is authorized for such service
b. Make deductions from student’s scholastic ratings as a punishment
c. Base the evaluation of the learner’s work on merit and quality of academic performance
d. Inflict corporal punishment an offending learners
153) The value of education, deference to authority, and filial piety in the Philippines in an influenced of:
a. Taoist tradition b. Confucianist tradition c. Buddhist tradition d. Hindu tradition
154) Which statement regarding teacher’s ethical behavior is wrong?
a. A teacher may not fall in love with his/her students
b. Teachers shall support one another at all times when the best interest of the learners, the school, or the profession at stake
c. A teachers may submit to the proper authorities any justifiable criticisms against an associate
d. It is every teacher’s responsibility to seek correctives for any unprofessional and unethical conduct of any associate
155) Which is the first and foremost concern of a teacher? The interest and welfare of:
a. Learners b. Colleagues c. Parents d. The teaching profession
156) The ideal society in the context of Plato is one where:
a. There is hope b. Love prevails c. Justice reigns d. Faith matters
157) The survivors of a shipwreck are now packed in a lifeboat which may capsize unless partly deloaded. Which of the following acts
will be morally justifiable?
a. Pushing the young and old ones and leaving them behind to drown
b. Trying to save everyone as much as possible
c. Shooting some passengers and leaving them behind
d. Doing nothing and waiting for the boat to capsize
158) For the advocates of value clarification, values are
a. Universal b. Personal c. Objective d. Unchanging
159) With regard to business, which does the Code of Ethics NOT say about teachers?
a. A teacher shall maintain a good reputation with respect to debts loans and other financial matters
b. No teachers shall be financially interested in any commercial venture involving textbooks and other school commodities
where he/she can exercise official influence
c. No teacher shall act as agent of textbooks and other school commodities where he/she can exercise official influence
d. a teacher may not engage in any kind of business
160) The more consumeristics a person is, the more he/she gets attached to this material world, the father he is from the universal self,
the more miserable he/she becomes. This is a teaching of:
a. Confucianism b. Taoism c. Hinduism d. Buddhism
161) Who believed that there should be less reliance on the school, and the world of work?
a. Paolo Freire b. Ivan Illich c. Paul Goodman d. Jean Paul Sartre
162) Human dignity is inherent in every person. This means that
a. The inner worth of a person depends on what he has c. The inner worth of a person depends on what he can do
b. The inner worth of a person depends on how he/she looks d. The inner worth of a person is in him/her she looks
163) Which of the following runs counter runs counter to the development of honesty and accountability?
a. Being vigilant about weights and measures used in the markets
b. Equal payment of government employee’s productivity pay
c. Payment of just wages to workers and employees
d. Transparent in operations of the barangay and other organizations through public reporting
164) Which are said to be our wellspring of excellence
a. Third largest English-speaking nation, tiger economy, inventor of people’s power revolution
b. Tiger economy, superior human resources
c. Tiger largest English-speaking nation, superior human resources, inventor of people’s power revolution
d. Tiger economy, the inventor of people’s power revolution, superior, human resources
165) Which among these goals for change was proposed by the moral Recovery Program?
a. A sense of justice and outrage over its violation, a sense of national pride, a sense of seriousness
b. A sense of national guide, a sense of seriousness, sense of common good
c. A sense of national guide, a sense of seriousness, sense of national justice and outrage over its violation
d. A sense of seriousness, a sense of the common good, a sense of justice and outrage over its violation
166) The code of ethics for teachers states that school officials shall encourage and attend to the professional growth of all teachers.
According to the Code school officials can do this by:
a. Giving them due recognition for meritorious performance by allowing them to participate in conferences and training
programs recommending teachers for promotion
b. Recommending teachers for promotion, organizing teachers in a professional organization
c. Allowing them to participate in conferences and training programs
d. Organizing teachers into a professional organization, giving them due recognition for meritorious performance and
recommending teachers for promotion
167) Which thrust on value formation is intended to help the students identify and be aware of their values?
a. Analysis b. Value clarification c. Value inculcation d.Moral development
168) The idea that there should be less reliance on the school and greater use of education potential of the community and the world of
work is the essence of:
a. Community-based education b. Formal education c. Multi-grade teaching d. Mobile teaching
169) It is said that the big drama development is played out in small scenes. Which one does not serve as a further explanation of this
statement?
a. Ordinary things done by ordinary people are the solid building blocks on which a nation develops
b. Details can make a significant difference
c. Much of our personal development and progress of the nation depends on how extraordinary well we do the ordinary things
d. Let us give attention to major things because they are the ones that matter
170) Which of the following characteristics does not apply to Plato’s just society?
a. The artists are creative b. he leaders are wise c. The soldiers are courageous d. The working class are temperate
171) Martin Buber’s “ dialogic principle” requires as restructuring of society which can be achieved by:
a. Communism which cannot tolerate multiplicity and freedom c. Democracy which requires centralistic political set up
b. Fascism which cannot allow dialogue d. Democratic socialism which advocates a genuine dialogue
life
172) Which of the following statements about society is TRUE?
a. Revolution produce the opposite of their goals c. Social education “ leads to a mature society
b. Ethnic cleansing leads to social unanimity d. Cooperative education is a means to Social education?
173) Which of the following statements defines ethics?
a. The science of correct thinking c. The study of the nature of human knowledge
b. The study of being a general d. The study of rightness or wrongness of human knowledge
174) Which of the following dose not characterize fascism?
a. A government of laws and not of men c. Militarist, nationalist and dictatorial regime
b. Rigid hierarchy and authority of single leader d. It justifies any of its means by its end
175) Which of the following is not Anarchism?
a. Freedom and responsibility c. Extreme view of individual freedom
b. Social organization without hierarchy d. Destruction of the state and its supporting
institution
176) In which of the following acts would you attribute responsibility?
a. A barkeeper sells liquor to a minor not knowing he is an adult
b. A barkeeper sells liquor to a minor not knowing it is illegal to do so
c. A barkeeper sells liquor to a client not knowing it is contaminated with poison
d. A barkeeper sells liquor not knowing it would cause the death of a diabetic person
177) The values of the people are revealed in the following approaches, Except One:
a. When they are asked to choose freely among alternative
b. When they act out what they choose but for a short while and not repeatedly
c. When they act out what they choose
d. When they are asked to choose among alternatives
178) To attain harmony in society people must rule their subjects with benevolence . whose teaching was this?
a. Mohammad b. Kung-fu-zu c.Buddha d.Lao Tzu
179) The concept that school failed to encourage positive learning and were opposed to the production of independently-minded adults
was popularized by:
a. Paolo Freire b. John Dewey c. Paul Goodman d. Ivan Illich
180) Which type of conscience is possessed by one who is extremely rigorous and is constantly afraid of committing evil?
a. Scrupulous b. Lax conscience c. Certain conscience d. Certain conscience
181) The following EXCEPT ONE are the strength of Filipino character
a. Pakikipagkapwa-tao b. Family orientation c. Frankness d. Joy of humor
182) Which of the following is the Aristotlelian definition of happiness?
a. One’s ultimate achievements in life c. The satisfaction of all desires and the absence of pain
b. A state made perfectly the aggregation of good things d. The experience of the fulfillment of possibilities
183) One of the following statements about passion is NOT TRUE?
a. Passion does not affect voluntariness c. Passion tends to blind the judgment of the intellect
b. Passion may completely destroy freedom d. Passion cannot affect freedom
184) Which does not characterize a non-violent society?
a. Solves problems in non-adversarial way c. A passive society
b. Prefers indigenous ways of solving problems d. Solves problems in a non-confrontational way
185) Which statement holds true of values clarification?
a. Values are objective; no person has the right set of values to pass on to others
b. It is meant to help students get at their own feelings, ideas, and belief’s; no person has the right set of values to pass on to
others
c. No person has the right set of values to pass on to others; values are independent of time
d. Values are independent of time, place, and persons; meant to help students get at their own feelings and ideas
186) Based on the Code of Ethics for teachers, which of the following may teachersnot do?
a. Welcomes the opportunity to lead in barangay
b. Studies and understands local customs and traditions
c. Deducts points from students scholastic ratings as a from of punishment
d. Attends church and worship of his choice joy and humor
187) Which type of justice implies the duty of one individual to give another what he is due?
a. International justice b. Distributive justice c. Social justice dCommutative justice
188) It is said that our level of achievement is always lower than our level of aspiration. This suggests that:
a. We should aim high c. We should think and act local
b. We should not be over ambitious d. We should set over aspirations because it is damaging if we cannot realize them
189) John Dewey advocates which of the following?
a. Something is true if it works c. Everything in this world is tentative, a series of means and ends
b. Morality is for persons d. What is right or wrong depends on the situation
190) Which is NOT the goal of true authority?
a. To bring out the best in others c. To coerce others to do what people in authority desire them to do
b. To set the examples for others d. To help, from and guide others