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Block Modelling in

Surpac v6.1

August 2008
Copyright 2008 Gemcom Software International Inc (Gemcom) adalah. Ini perangkat lunak dan
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Kontributor
RowdyBristol
Duncan Hall
Phil Jackson
Gemma O’Farrell

Product Gemcom Surpac 6.1


Table of Contents

Block Modelling ....................................................................................................................................4


Objectives ................................................................................................................................................................ 4
Workflow .............................................................................................................................................5
Setup for This Tutorial ..........................................................................................................................6
Setting the Work Directory ...................................................................................................................................... 6
Task: Set the Work Directory (Windows XP)..........................................................................................................6
Task: Set the Work Directory (Windows Vista)......................................................................................................7
Displaying Toolbars and Menubars.......................................................................................................................... 8
Task: Display the Block Modelling Toolbars and Menubars .................................................................................8
Discussion ............................................................................................................................................9
Model Space ............................................................................................................................................................ 9
Blocks and Attributes ............................................................................................................................................. 10
Constraints ............................................................................................................................................................. 11
Estimation .............................................................................................................................................................. 12
Creating a Block Model .......................................................................................................................13
Create a Block Model ............................................................................................................................................. 13
Task: Create a Block Model.................................................................................................................................13
Creating Model Attributes ..................................................................................................................20
Create Model Attributes ........................................................................................................................................ 20
Task: Create Model Attributes ............................................................................................................................20
Constraints Within a Block Model .......................................................................................................23
Applying Constraints to a Block Model .................................................................................................................. 23
Task: Apply Constraints to a Block Model...........................................................................................................24
Estimation or Filling the Block Model..................................................................................................27
Assign Value ........................................................................................................................................................... 28
Task: Fill the Block Model Using Assign Value ....................................................................................................28
Nearest Neighbour................................................................................................................................................. 33
Task: Fill the BIF Zone Using Nearest Neighbour ................................................................................................33
Inverse Distance..................................................................................................................................................... 38
Task: Fill the Sand Zone Using Inverse Distance .................................................................................................38
Ordinary Kriging ..................................................................................................................................................... 43
Task: Fill the QPY Zone Using Ordinary Kriging ...................................................................................................43
Block Model Reporting .......................................................................................................................49
Block Model Report ............................................................................................................................................... 49
Task: Create a Block Model Report.....................................................................................................................49
Calculated Attributes ..........................................................................................................................52
Task: Create Calculated Attributes .....................................................................................................................52
Partial Percentage Reporting ..............................................................................................................55
Simple Partial Percent Reporting ........................................................................................................................... 56
Task: Create Partial Percentage Report ..............................................................................................................56
Model Reblocking ...............................................................................................................................62
Model Reblocking .................................................................................................................................................. 62
Task: Perform Model Reblocking ........................................................................................................................62

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Table of Contents

Column Processing .............................................................................................................................64


Overview ................................................................................................................................................................ 64
Task: Familiarise yourself with the data .............................................................................................................64
Classify Blocks ........................................................................................................................................................ 70
Task: Classify Blocks into Ore and Waste............................................................................................................70
Reduction and Dilution .......................................................................................................................................... 83
Task: Calculate Dilution & Reduction..................................................................................................................83
Recoverable Product.............................................................................................................................................. 86
Task: Calculate Recoverable Product ..................................................................................................................86
Thicknesses ............................................................................................................................................................ 97
Task: Calculate Column Thickness ......................................................................................................................97

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Blok Pemodelan
Tujuan
• Untuk menjadi akrab dengan yang blok Surpac pemodelan modul dan konsep model
blok database.
• Untuk mempelajari untuk mengisi blok model drillhole dari data dari geologi sebuah.
• Untuk mempelajari untuk membatasi model blok untuk menyaring blok tertentu.
• Untuk mempelajari laporan volume, tonase dan kelas dari model blok.
• Untuk mempelajari tentang pengolahan kolom dari model blok.

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Workflow Setting the Work Directory

Alur kerja

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Setup for This Tutorial
Overview
In this chapter you will learn about:

 Setting the work directory.

 Displaying the block modelling toolbars and menubars.


Setup untuk ini
Tinjauan
Tutorial Dalam bab ini Anda akan belajar tentang:
• Pengaturan direktori kerja.
• Menampilkan blok pemodelan dan menubars toolbar.

File yang digunakan dalam tutorial ini disimpan dalam folder:


<installation directory>\demo_data\tutorials\block_model

where <installation directory> adalah direktori di mana Surpac dipasang.

Pengaturan Kerja Direktori


Task: Set the Work Directory (Windows XP)
1. Dalam Navigator Surpac, klik kanan folder block_model.
2. Pilih Set sebagai direktori kerja.

Nama direktori kerja ditampilkan dalam judul bar di bagian atas jendela Surpac.
Setup for This Tutorial Setting the Work Directory

Task: Set the Work Directory (Windows Vista)


1. Dalam Navigator Surpac, klik kanan folder block_model.
2. Pilih Set sebagai direktori kerja.

Nama direktori kerja ditampilkan dalam judul bar di bagian atas jendela Surpac.

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Displaying Toolbars and Menubars
Task: Display the Block Modelling Toolbars and Menubars
When working with the Block modelling tools, it is helpful to use the block_model profile. This displays
the Block modelling menubar and toolbar.
1. Right-click in the blank area next to the menus at the top of the Surpac main window.
2. From the popup menu, choose Profiles > block_model.
Discussion Model Space

Diskusi
Model Block adalah bentuk-diacu database spasial yang menyediakan sarana untuk pemodelan 3-D tubuh
dari titik dan interval data seperti data sampel drillhole. Blok model terdiri dari nilai-nilai interpolasi
daripada pengukuran benar. Ini adalah metode memperkirakan volume, tonase, dan nilai rata-rata badan
3-D dari data lubang bor jarang.

Model Space
3D coordinates spatially define the model extents.
Minimum Northing (Y), Easting (X) dan Elevasi (Z).
Maksimum Northing (Y), Easting (X) dan Elevasi (Z).

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Blok dan Atribut
Pusat massa tiap blok mendefinisikan dimensi geometris perusahaan di masing-masing sumbu, yaitu. nya
koordinat, Y, X, dan Z. Masing-masing blok berisi atribut untuk masing-masing properti untuk dimodelkan.
Sifat atau atribut mungkin berisi karakter nilai string atau numerik. Mungkin blok dengan ukuran berbeda
ditentukan oleh pengguna sekali model blok dibuat.

Blok model pasir minyak diwarnai oleh nilai-nilai atribut (aspal).


Discussion Constraints

Kendala
Semua fungsi model Blok dapat dilakukan dengan kendala. kendala adalah kombinasi logis dari satu
atau lebih objek spasial pada blok yang dipilih. Objek yang dapat digunakan dalam kendala adalah
pesawat permukaan, DTMs, Solids, menutup string dan blok nilai atribut. Kendala dapat disimpan ke
sebuah file untuk cepat digunakan kembali dan mungkin mereka akan digunakan sebagai komponen
dari kendala lain.

Blok memenuhi kendala (misalnya di bawah DTM seperti pada gambar di bawah ini) jika centroid yang
memenuhi kendala itu. Hal ini berlaku bahkan jika bagian dari blok tersebut di atas DTM tersebut.

Unconstrained block model in relation to a DTM surface.


Tak terbatas model blok dalam kaitannya dengan permukaan DTM

Same block model but constrained by topography (DTM).

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Estimation (Perkiraan)
Setelah model Blok dibuat dan semua atribut yang didefinisikan, model harus diisi oleh beberapa metode
estimasi. Hal ini dicapai dengan memperkirakan dan memberikan nilai-nilai atribut dari data sampel yang
telah XYZ koordinat dan nilai-nilai atribut kepentingan..
metode estimasi yang dapat digunakan adalah:

Nearest Tetapkan nilai titik sampel paling dekat dengan blok


Neighbour

Inverse Distance Menetapkan nilai blok menggunakan estimator Jarak Jauh Inverse

Assign Value Menetapkan nilai eksplisit untuk blok dalam model

Ordinary Kriging Menetapkan nilai blok menggunakan Kriging dengan parameter


variogram dikembangkan dari studi geostatistika

Indicator Kriging Fungsi terkait dengan distribusi probabilistik blok kelas berasal
dari kriging indikator

Assign from Tetapkan data dari bidang deskripsi segmen tertutup bagi
String
nilai-nilai atribut blok yang terkandung dalam segmen
diperpanjang ke arah salah satu sumbu utama (X, Y atau Z)

Import Centroids Menetapkan nilai blok dari data dalam format teks delimited atau
tetap file
Creating a Block Model Create a Block Model

Creating a Block Model


Create a Block Model
Task: Create a Block Model
1. Open ore1.dtm.
The solid of the orebody is displayed.

2. Choose View > Zoom out.


3. Choose Display > 2D grid.

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4. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

The orebody with the 2D in grid in plan view is displayed.

5. Click the icon to show the data in section view.


6. Choose Display > 2D grid.
Creating a Block Model Create a Block Model

7. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

The orebody in section view with a 2D grid is displayed.

From the above diagrams you can determine the origin and extents of the block model which will cover
the ore solid.
You can also use the string file ore1.str to determine the origin and extents directly from the data. This
method is described below.
8. Choose Block model > New / Open.

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9. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

10. Click Apply to confirm creation of the new block model.

11. Tick the box for Get extents from string file.
12. Choose ore1.str and click Open.
Creating a Block Model Create a Block Model

The models coordinates are filled in based on the values in ore1.str.

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13. Adjust the values as shown to create a block model which fully covers the extents of the orebody.

14. Click Apply.


15. Enter the information as shown, and then click Create Model.

The block model is created and its name is displayed in the status bar at the bottom of the Surpac
window.
Creating a Block Model Create a Block Model

16. Click the Reset graphics icon .


17. Choose Block model > Save to save the block model.
18. Choose Display > Display block model.
19. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

The block model is displayed as shown.

20. Choose Block model > Close.

To see all of the steps performed in this task run _01_create_model.tcl


Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented.

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Creating Model Attributes (Model Menciptakan Atribut)
Sebuah atribut berisi informasi atau properti dari ruang model. Hal ini dapat berupa angka dengan
desimal, integer atau kode karakter..

Create Model Attributes


Task: Create Model Attributes
Sebelum membuat setiap atribut Anda akan melihat informasi yang disimpan dalam database drillhole,
dan memutuskan apa yang akan diekstraksi dalam composite.

1. Open training.mdl.
2. Open db1.ddb.
3. Right-click in the blank area next to the menus at the top of the Surpac main window.
4. From the popup menu, choose Profiles > geology_database.
5. From the Geology Database menu, choose Edit > View table.
6. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

7. Click Apply on the blank constraints form to look at the entire table._
Creating Model Attributes Create Model Attributes

8. After looking at the data in the sample table, click Apply. This table data is typical of the data
from a geological database that may be used to fill a block model.

9. Choose Database > Close.


10. Right-click in the blank area next to the menus at the top of the Surpac main window.
11. From the popup menu, choose Profiles > block_model.
12. Choose Attributes > New.
13. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

Note: Right click on the row number and select Add to add a new row to the table.

Jenis atribut tidak boleh sebagai:


Character : Alphanumerics – ORE, BIF, PIT2
Integer : Nilai integer - no desimal
Real : Nomor presisi tinggi titik desimal.

Float : Lower titik desimal nomor presisi.

Dihitung: Toko ekspresi generik. Nilai atribut dihitung dihitung berdasarkan permintaan dan tidak ada
sampai nilai ini akan diminta. Karena itu, tidak memakan ruang memori, dan selalu benar-benar up-to-
date..

Note: Menggunakan nyata; daripada mengapung secara signifikan akan meningkatkan ukuran model
blok. Biasanya memilih float daripada atribut nyata setiap kali akan berisi sekitar 8 angka yang signifikan
atau kurang.

14. Choose Block model > Summary.

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The summary is displayed.

15. After viewing the form, click Apply.


16. Choose Block model > Save.

17. Click Yes to write the attributes into the block model.
18. Choose Block model > Close.

To see all of the steps performed in this task run _02_create_model_attributes.tcl


Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented.
Constraints Within a Block Model Applying Constraints to a Block Model

Constraints Within a Block Model


Applying Constraints to a Block Model (Menerapkan Kendala ke Blok Model)
Kendala adalah kombinasi logis dari operator spasial dan objek. Kendala dapat digunakan untuk
mengontrol pemilihan blok dari mana informasi dapat diambil dan / atau ke interpolasi yang dapat
dilakukan termasuk.
Hal ini dimungkinkan untuk sederhana dan kompleks berlaku kendala untuk memblokir model untuk
membantu dalam semua aspek pemodelan

 Mengisi model Blok dengan nilai-nilai


• Memproduksi laporan
• Melihat model di grafis.
• Loading sebagian dibatasi dari model

Pilihan operator spasial adalah:

 ABOVE (DI ATAS)


 INSIDE (DALAM)
 >
 <
 =

Operator yang digunakan tergantung pada sifat objek. Dalam rangka mengurangi jumlah operator spasial,
kata TIDAK digunakan untuk menyiratkan kebalikan dari operasi. Misalnya, LUAR akan diwakili oleh
ekspresi DALAM TIDAK.

Bila kata DAN digunakan dalam kombinasi kendala, blok yang umum ke ANDed kendala akan dipilih. Ketika
kata ATAU digunakan dalam kombinasi kendala, semua blok yang terkait dengan salah satu kendala ORed
akan ditampilkan. Dengan pernyataan DAN semua kondisi harus dipenuhi untuk kendala untuk mendaftar
ke blok. Dengan pernyataan OR, hanya salah satu kondisi harus puas.

Create a constraint file (Buat file kendala)

Fungsi ini memungkinkan Anda untuk menghasilkan kendala tanpa harus melakukan beberapa
fungsi blok model lain. Kunci untuk bekerja dengan model blok Surpac dalam penguasaan formulir
ini..
Salah satu kendala pada suatu waktu dapat diterapkan untuk model, atau serangkaian kendala dapat
digabungkan dan disimpan sebagai kendala (*. con) file.
Jenis-jenis kendala yang didukung:
 Inside/Outside a solid. (Di dalam / luar yang solid.)

 Above/Below a Surface. (Atas / bawah permukaan yang)

 Satisfy the conditions of a block Attribute. (Memenuhi kondisi blok Atribut)

 Inside/Outside a string. (Di dalam / luar string)

 Above/Below a defined plane. (Atas / bawah pesawat didefinisikan)

As each constraint is defined, click Add .


Note: Jika kombinasi Kendala tidak didefinisikan, Surpac akan menganggap laporan DAN adalah untuk berlaku untuk semua kendala, yaitu.
A, b DAN harus yakin.
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Task: Apply Constraints to a Block Model
1. Open training.mdl.
2. Choose Block model > Display.
Atau, klik tombol pelatihan pada status bar di bagian bawah jendela Surpac dan pilih Tampilan
dari menu popup.
3. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

The entire block model is shown with no constraints.


4. Choose Constraints > New constraint file.
5. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

Note: Once you have constructed the constraint, save it by filling in the Save constraint to box and then clicking Apply.

6. Drag and drop oxide.con into graphics.


Constraints Within a Block Model Applying Constraints to a Block Model

The blocks below the topography and above the weath_ew1 surface are displayed on the screen.

You will now repeat the above process to create constraints for the transitional zone and fresh rock zone.
trans.con is above weath_fresh1.dtm and below weath_ew1.dtm.
7. Choose Constraints > Remove last graphical constraint.
8. Choose Constraints > New constraint file.
9. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

10. Drag and drop trans.con into graphics.


The blocks in the transitional zone are displayed as shown.

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fresh.con is below weath_fresh1.dtm
11. Choose Constraints > Remove last graphical constraint.
12. Choose Constraints > New constraint file.
13. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

14. Drag and drop fresh.con into graphics.


The fresh rock layer is displayed as shown:

15. Choose Block model > Close.

To see all of the steps performed in this task run _03_applying_constaints.tcl


Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented.
Estimation or Filling the Block Model Applying Constraints to a Block Model

Estimation or Filling the Block Model (Estimasi atau Mengisi Blok Model)

Ada berbagai metoda untuk mengestimasi dan memberikan nilai-nilai atribut ke blok dalam model.

 Inverse distance - blok interpolasi nilai menggunakan metode inverse distance estimator
 Assign value - menetapkan nilai eksplisit untuk blok dalam model
 Ordinary kriging - blok interpolasi nilai menggunakan Kriging dengan parameter variogram
dikembangkan dari studi geostatistik)
 Indicator kriging
 Assign from string - tetapkan untuk semua blok jatuh dalam segmen tertutup, nilai dari
field deskripsi di segmen yang.
 Import centroids - impor data berdasarkan blok-centroid dari file teks langsung ke blok saat ini
model.
 Nearest Neighbour - menempatkan nilai-nilai dari titik sampel terdekat untuk atribut blok bunga.

Data yang akan digunakan untuk interpolasi / menetapkan nilai-nilai yang akan paling sering berada dalam
bentuk file string, dengan northing, arah timur dan elevasi disimpan di Y, X dan bidang Z dan nilai-nilai yang
akan diinterpolasi disimpan dalam deskripsi bidang.

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Assign Value (Menetapkan Nilai)

Task: Fill the Block Model Using Assign Value (Isi Menggunakan Model Blok Tetapkan Nilai)

Pilihan ini dapat digunakan untuk menetapkan nilai tunggal untuk blok.

1. Open training.mdl.
2. Choose Estimation > Assign value.
3. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

4. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

5. Click Yes.

Anda sekarang akan mengulangi proses ini untuk mengisi sg atribut. Sg Menetapkan nilai 2,6 dalam
trans.con dan nilai 2,8 dalam fresh.con.
Estimation or Filling the Block Model Assign Value

6. Choose Estimation > Assign value.


7. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

8. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

9. Click Yes on the confirmation form.


10. Choose Estimation > Assign value.
11. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

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12. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

13. Click Yes on the confirmation form.


You will now create another constraint for viewing purposes. The file litho.con will contain all the blocks
inside the solids sand1.dtm, bif1.dtm and qpy1.dtm.
Note: Be sure to use the OR statement in the constraint combination box as shown.

14. Choose Constraints > New constraints file.


15. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

You will now colour the blocks based on numerical attributes.


16. Choose Display > Display block model.
17. Drag and drop litho.con into graphics.
18. Choose Display > Colour model by attribute.
19. Enter the values as shown, and then click Reload.
Estimation or Filling the Block Model Assign Value

20. Choose Display > Edge and face visibility and ensure Display block edges is unticked.
The visual effect is much better, as seen in the second figure below.

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21. Choose Block model > Close.

To see all of the steps performed in this task run _04_assign_value.tcl


Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented.
Estimation or Filling the Block Model Nearest Neighbour

Nearest Neighbour (Tetangga Terdekat)

Task: Fill the BIF Zone Using Nearest Neighbour (Isi Zona BIF Menggunakan Tetangga
Terdekat)

Anda akan menggunakan fungsi ini untuk mengisi model blok dengan nilai emas dalam zona BIF.
komposit Downhole disimpan dalam cmpb1.str..
1. Open training.mdl.
2. Choose Block Model > Display.
3. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

4. Choose View > Data view options > View by bearing and dip.
5. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

6. Choose View > Zoom > Out.


The block model is displayed.

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7. Choose Constraints > New graphical constraint.
8. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

9. Choose Estimation > Nearest Neigbour.


10. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.
Estimation or Filling the Block Model Nearest Neighbour

11. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

12. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

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Once the filling has been completed, a report called nearest_neighbour.not is produced.

13. Choose Display > colour by attribute.


14. Enter the information as shown, click Reload and then click Apply.
Estimation or Filling the Block Model Nearest Neighbour

The constrained and coloured block model for the bif1 zone is displayed.

15. Choose Block Model > Save.


16. Choose Block Model > Close.

To see all of the steps performed in this task run _05a_nearest_neighbour.tcl


Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented.

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Inverse Distance (Invers Jarak Jauh)

Task: Fill the Sand Zone Using Inverse Distance (Isi Zona Pasir Menggunakan Invers
Jarak Jauh)
You will use this function to fill the block model with gold grades within the BIF zone. Downhole
composites are stored in cmpb1.str.
1. Open training.mdl.
2. Choose Block Model > Display.
3. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

4. Choose View > Data view options > View by bearing and dip.
5. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

7. Choose View > Zoom > Out.


The block model is displayed.
Estimation or Filling the Block Model Inverse Distance

7. Choose Constraints > New graphical constraint.


8. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

9. Choose Estimation > Inverse Distance.


10. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

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11. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

12. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.


Estimation or Filling the Block Model Inverse Distance

13. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

Once the filling has been completed, a report called training_id.not is produced.

15. Choose Display > colour by attribute.

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16. Enter the information as shown, click Reload and then click Apply.

The constrained and coloured block model for the Sand1 zone is displayed.

17. Choose Block Model > Save.


18. Choose Block Model > Close.

To see all of the steps performed in this task run _05b_inverse_distance.tcl


Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented.
Estimation or Filling the Block Model Ordinary Kriging

Ordinary Kriging (Kriging Biasa)

Task: Fill the QPY Zone Using Ordinary Kriging ( Isi Zona QPY Menggunakan Kriging Biasa)
Anda akan menggunakan fungsi ini untuk mengisi model blok dengan nilai emas dalam zona BIF.
komposit Downhole disimpan dalam cmpb1.str..
1. Open training.mdl.
2. Choose Block Model > Display.
3. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

4. Choose View > Data view options > View by bearing and dip.
5. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

6. Choose View > Zoom > Out.


The block model is displayed.

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7. Choose Constraints > New graphical constraint.
8. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

9. Choose Estimation > Ordinary Kriging.


10. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

11. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.


Estimation or Filling the Block Model Ordinary Kriging

12. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

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13. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

14. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.


Estimation or Filling the Block Model Ordinary Kriging

9. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

When the model has been filled, a report file callled ordinary_kriging.not is produced.

15. Choose Display > Colour model by attribute.

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16. Enter the information as shown, click Reload and then click Apply.

The constrained and coloured block model for the QPY zone is displayed.

17. Choose Block Model > Save.


18. Choose Block Model > Close.

To see all of the steps performed in this task run _05c_ordinary_kriging.tcl


Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented.
Block Model Reporting Block Model Report

Block Model Reporting ( Blok Model Pelaporan)

Block Model Report (Blok Model Laporan)

Task: Create a Block Model Report


You will now produce a report for the entire deposit.
1. Choose Block model > Report.
2. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

3. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

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Laporan tersebut dapat dilakukan pembobotan dengan massa dan berat jenis atribut harus diberikan
Atribut.
Pengelompokan: Hasil dapat dikelompokkan berdasarkan atribut atau Y, X, Z. Jika Anda pengelompokan
oleh lebih dari satu atribut maka urutan yang mereka ditetapkan akan memiliki pengaruh besar pada
format laporan.
Dalam contoh di atas, jika atribut GOLD dilaporkan berdasarkan nilai cutoff 0; 1, 3, 5, 10, 999 dan celana
pendek ini harus dilaporkan pada kisaran elevasi 50m masing-masing antara 800 dan 1100, Anda akan
memasukkan nilai Z pertama, dan GOLD nilai kedua. Hasil akan dibagi menjadi 50m rentang rl di mana
nomor tersebut dibagi menjadi kisaran kelas.
3. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.
This will constrain the report to the material within the pit and below the topography.
Block Model Reporting Block Model Report

5. Open total_orebody1.not.
The report is displayed.

To see all of the steps performed in this task run _06_block_model_reporting.tcl


Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented.

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Calculated Attributes (Dihitung Atribut)

Task: Create Calculated Attributes (Buat Dihitung Atribut)


Hal ini dimungkinkan untuk membuat atribut dalam model blok Surpac yang dihitung dari nilai-nilai
dalam atribut lainnya, atau dari nilai standar. Atribut ini, yang disebut atribut dihitung, adalah alat yang
sangat ampuh untuk menghasilkan nilai-nilai dilaporkan, dan tidak menambahkan ukuran memori untuk
model.
4. Open training.mdl.
5. Choose Block Model > Display.
6. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

6. Choose View > Data view options > View by bearing and dip.
7. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

7. Choose View > Zoom > Out.


The block model is displayed.
Calculated Attributes Block Model Report

10. Choose Constraints > New graphical constraint.


11. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

12. Choose Display > Colour model by attribute.


13. Enter the information as shown, click Reload and then click Apply.

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The constrained and coloured block model for the QPY zone is displayed.

12. Choose Attributes > New.


You will add a new calculated attribute and in the expression field, entering the mathematical formula for
calculating the cut grade. (Anda akan menambahkan atribut dihitung baru dan di bidang ekspresi, memasuki
rumus matematika untuk menghitung memotong kelas)
13. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

Note: To create a calculated top cut, the expression is iif(gold>20,20,gold) translating to if gold is greater than 20, then
make gold 20, else leave as the existing value of gold. (Untuk membuat potongan atas dihitung, istilah ini IIF (emas>
20,20, emas) menerjemahkan untuk jika emas lebih besar dari 20, kemudian membuat emas 20, yang lain
meninggalkan sebagai nilai emas yang ada)
The new attribute is created.
14. Choose Display > View attributes for one block.
15. Click a few blocks from the upper range to see that the top value for au_cut is now limited to 20.

16. Choose Block model > Save.


17. Choose Block Model > Close.
Partial Percentage Reporting Block Model Report

Partial Percentage Reporting (Persentase Partial Pelaporan)

Hambatan fungsi tradisional menguji semua blok untuk memeriksa apakah mereka berada di dalam atau
di luar kendala menggunakan posisi centroid. Tes ini dilakukan pada ukuran blok minimum dalam model
(sub-blok),.

Kadang-kadang centroid dapat jatuh di luar kendala tersebut, namun sebagian besar dari blok mungkin
masih dalam batasan (gambar A). Biasanya, ini bukan masalah signifikan - blok tersebut berada di blok
ukuran minimum, dan beberapa akan berada di dalam, beberapa akan berada di luar, dan sehingga
model seimbang sendiri atas. Namun, untuk beberapa pelaporan, seperti rekonsiliasi volume, ini tidak
cukup akurat.

Persentase Fungsi parsial tes blok ini tidak meyakinkan dan menentukan nilai pecahan antara 0 dan 1
untuk berapa banyak blok di dalam kendala, misalnya 0 adalah benar-benar keluar , 1 adalah benar-benar
dalam dan 0.4 adalah 40% dalam (gambar B). Nilai-nilai ini disimpan di dalam atribut tertentu.

Bagaimana persentase dihitung sangat sederhana. Dengan kendala tradisional, model sub-diblokir ke
ukuran blok minimum, dan kemudian bagian luar / dalam tes dilakukan di blok centroid. Perhitungan
persentase parsial membutuhkan lebih lanjut. Daripada berhenti di blok ukuran minimum, fungsi ini akan
sub-blok lebih lanjut, tergantung pada Faktor Precision yang dimasukkan. Semakin tinggi Faktor Precision
kali lebih blok akan diblokir sub-masa lalu blok ukuran minimum.

Fungsi kemudian melakukan kendala standar pada blok ini yang lebih kecil, dan jumlah yang yang berada
di dalam dan di luar kendala. menghitung ini menjadi persentasenya. Persentase tersebut selalu disimpan
dalam blok pada ukuran blok minimum. Jadi menjadi trade-off.

Semakin tinggi faktor presisi, yang lebih tepat perhitungan persentase parsial. Namun, banyak blok
diciptakan untuk faktor-faktor presisi tinggi, dan fungsi akan lebih lambat. Misalnya, perhitungan
persentase dengan faktor presisi dari 5 akan membuat 4.096 kali jumlah blok dari perhitungan di presisi 1.
Simple Partial Percent Reporting
Task: Create Partial Percentage Report
First you will create an orebody solid.

1. Open training.mdl.
2. Append bif1.dtm, qpy1.dtm, sand1.dtm into the main graphics layer.
Note: DTM’s are appended to a layer by holding down the control key while dragging and dropping the DTMs into
graphics.

The DTMs are displayed.

3. Choose File > Save > string/DTM.


4. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply to save the results to orebody1.dtm.

5. Choose Attributes > New to create a new attribute to store the partial percentage value.
Partial Percentage Reporting Simple Partial Percent Reporting

6. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

You will now give the new block attribute a value based on its position relative to the orebody.

7. Choose Estimation > Partial Percentage.


8. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

Note: It is possible to use a string, DTM surface, 3D model or several other options for constraint to apply.

Hasil perhitungan adalah persentase volume parsial untuk blok sepanjang tepi badan bijih
tersebut.

Opsi presisi menentukan berapa kali blok tersebut akan dipecah menjadi blok yang lebih kecil
untuk menguji untuk melihat jika berada dalam atau keluar dari kendala tersebut. Sebagai contoh,
sebuah presisi dari 2 akan membagi blok menjadi dua bagian di setiap arah, hampir seolah-olah itu
sub menghalangi, dan kemudian pengujian ini blok yang lebih kecil terhadap permukaan DTM.
Sebuah presisi dari 3 akan membagi blok 3 kali dalam setiap arah, dan sebagainya. Semakin besar
nilai presisi semakin lama proses ini akan mengambil.
Menyimpan hasil persentase parsial untuk file memungkinkan untuk digunakan lagi tanpa perlu
untuk menjalankan fungsi estimasi. Hal ini juga memungkinkan untuk beberapa variabel yang harus
diisi pada satu waktu.
Setelah selesai, laporan dapat dihasilkan untuk memberikan volume pada badan bijih tersebut. Hal ini
dilakukan dengan menggunakan atribut parsial sebagai atribut bobot.
Anda sekarang akan menghasilkan dua laporan untuk melihat perbedaan, sekali tanpa menggunakan
atribut parsial, dan kemudian kedua kalinya menggunakan atribut parsial sebagai bidang bobot.

9. Select Block model > Report.


10. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

11. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.


Partial Percentage Reporting Simple Partial Percent Reporting

Ini akan menghasilkan laporan untuk volume tanpa memanfaatkan blok terisi sebagian.

12. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

Surpac generates the report and displays it as shown.

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13. Choose Block model > Report.
14. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

15. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.


Partial Percentage Reporting Simple Partial Percent Reporting

16. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

Note: Make sure that this time you click the checkbox to keep the blocks partially in the constraint at the bottom.

The report is displayed on the screen.

You should see that the difference between the two reports in terms of volume is
about 0.6%, and in terms of the gold content, 0.4 in true value (or 5.2% of the grade).
If the blocks were larger (eg. 20x20x20) partial percentages would show a greater
effect on the result. 9Anda akan melihat bahwa perbedaan antara kedua laporan
dalam hal volume adalah sekitar 0,6%, dan dalam hal isi emas, 0,4 nilai benar (atau
5,2% dari grade). Jika blok lebih besar (misalnya 20x20x20) persentase parsial akan menunjukkan
dampak yang lebih besar pada hasil)

17. Choose Block model > Save.


18. Choose Block model > Close.
To see all of the steps performed in this task run _08_partial_percentages.tcl
Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented.

Model Reblocking
Model Reblocking (Model Reblocking)

Task: Perform Model Reblocking (Melakukan Model Reblocking)


Dalam Surpac Anda dapat membuat model baru dengan ukuran blok berbeda di model ini dengan re-
blocking.
Dalam contoh ini, Anda akan kembali blok model dalam 3 arah.
1. Open training.mdl.
2. Choose Block model > Reblock.
3. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

The model training_reblock is created with the specified block size and becomes the active model.
14. Choose Block model > Summary.
60BModel Reblocking Model Reblocking

The model summary is dislayed. Notice that the new block size is 20 x 20 x 10.

To see all of the steps performed in this task run _09_model_reblocking.tcl


Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented.

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Column Processing (Kolom Pengolahan)

Tinjauan

Pada bab ini, Anda akan mengambil model blok yang ada dan menggunakan Surpac pengolahan's blok
kolom model untuk mengevaluasi fungsi ekonomi model blok.

Data model blok yang hanya berisi satu atribut, kelas, dan DTM mewakili topografi permukaan.

Anda akan pergi melalui proses berikut:

 Classify blocks as ore and waste based on a cutoff grade and minimum mining thickness.
 Apply reduction and dilution at ore/waste contacts.
 Calculate recoverable product.
 Determine bottom of economic ore.
 Calculate economic ore volume, grade and total recoverable product.

 Mengklasifikasikan blok sebagai bijih dan limbah berdasarkan cutoff grade dan minimum
ketebalan pertambangan Terapkan.
 Reduksi dan dilusi di bijih / kontak limbah Hitung.
 Menentukan produk dipulihkan.
 bijih ekonomi bawah Hitung.
 volume bijih ekonomi, kelas dan produk total dipulihkan

Task: Viewing the data

1. Open blockmodel.mdl.
2. Choose Block model > Display.
3. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

4. Choose View > Data view options > View by bearing and dip.
5. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.
55BColumn Processing Overview

The block model is displayed.

6. Choose Display > Colour model by attribute.


7. Enter the information as shown, click Reload, and then click Apply.

8. Choose Display > New graphical constraint.

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9. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

10. Choose View > Data view options > View by bearing and dip.
11. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

The model is displayed.

The blocks in this model are 35 metres in the x and y dimensions and 3 metres high. Because the
vertical extent of this model is limited compared to the horizontal extent, you will vertically exaggerate this
model by a factor of 5.

12. Choose View > Data view options > View scale factors.
55BColumn Processing Overview

13. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

After exaggerating the model five times, to get the view at a bearing of 330 degrees and a dip of -20
degrees, you need to set the View by Bearing function to a dip of -4; the dip you want divided by the
vertical exaggeration.

14. Choose View > Data view options > View by bearing and dip.
15. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

The model is displayed.

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16. Open block_topo1.dtm.
Note the separation between the topography and the highest blocks with any grade. This
separation is called the overburden.

You will now slice the model to see the internal structure.
17. In the Layers pane, right-click on the layer blocktopo1.dtm and choose Delete layer.
18. Choose View > Zoom > All.
This moves the data back to plan view

19. Click the Define section icon .


20. Enter the information as shown below on the Section Method tab.
55BColumn Processing Overview

21. Enter the information as shown on the Section Block Model tab, and then click Apply.

The first section through the block model is displayed.

22. Click the Next section icon to view the following sections (there are 5).
You should now have a good idea of how the block model looks and are ready to start the
economic modelling process.
23. Choose Block model > Close.

24. Click Exit graphics .

To see all of the steps performed in this task run _10_viewing_the_data.tcl


Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented.

Page 69 of 102
Classify Blocks (Mengklasifikasikan Blok)
Overview (Ikhtisar)
Anda sekarang akan mengklasifikasikan balok menjadi Bijih dan Limbah pertambangan berdasarkan
ketebalan minimum dan cutoff grade.

Bagian pertama dari proses ini adalah untuk menciptakan permukaan yang merupakan bagian atas dan
bawah kejadian material di atas nilai cutoff. Alasan untuk ini adalah bahwa Anda tidak akan pernah
tambang blok sebagai bijih di bagian atas atau bawah tubuh bijih Anda jika kelas tersebut di bawah nilai
cutoff. Idealnya, Anda akan mulai dan berhenti bijih tambang di kejadian pertama dan terakhir dari
sebuah blok di atas nilai cutoff, untuk kolom tertentu.

Harus ditekankan bahwa fungsi kolom pengolahan hanya itu, pengolahan kolom. Mereka memproses
setiap kolom secara independen dari semua kolom dan lainnya sehingga tidak memperhitungkan nilai
account di kolom sebelah. metodologi ini memiliki beberapa aplikasi dalam menentukan kedalaman
penambangan ekonomi, tetapi hanya satu dimensi dan harus sama sekali tidak dianggap sebagai
pengganti lubang Optimizer tiga dimensi seperti Whittle.

Langkah pertama adalah dengan menjalankan puncak Kolom untuk membuat permukaan yang
merupakan bagian atas dan bawah kejadian material di atas nilai cutoff. Permukaan ini kemudian akan
bertindak sebagai kendala untuk bijih / diskriminasi limbah.

Dengan cara ini tidak ada blok sub-kelas di bagian atas atau bawah bijih bisa dikelompokkan dalam
dengan bijih selama bijih / limbah proses diskriminasi.

Task: Classify Blocks into Ore and Waste


1. Open blockmodel.mdl.
2. Choose Column processing > Column tops.
3. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.
55BColumn Processing Classify Blocks

4. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

This will search down through the block model extracting a point at the top of the first block in each
column where the grade is greater than 8.

The result will be a string file called top_cutoff1.str. The nominal value above top value from the Tops
of columns form is the default elevation which will be assigned if no blocks in the column satisfy the
constraint.

As a rule of thumb, when extracting upper surfaces, the nominal z elevation should be set to an elevation
below your model and when extracting lower surfaces it should be set to an elevation above your model.

5. Choose Column processing > Column tops.


6. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

This time the search is in the Z direction (positive Z is up) and the nominal elevation is set to 400.

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7. Enter the information as shown below, and then click Apply.

You will now use the string files top_cutoff1.str and bot_cutoff1.str to create DTMs.

8. Choose Surfaces > DTM File functions > Create DTM from string file.
9. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

10. Choose Surfaces > DTM File functions > Create DTM from string file.
55BColumn Processing Classify Blocks

11. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

12. Choose Block model > Display.


13. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

14. Choose View > Data view options > View scale factors.

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15. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

16. Choose Display > Colour model by attribute.


17. Enter the information as shown, click Reload and then click Apply.

19. Open top_cutoff.dtm and bot_cutoff.dtm.


The block model with top and bottom cutoffs are displayed.
55BColumn Processing Classify Blocks

20. Click the block model button on the status bar at the bottom of the screen.
A popup menu appears.

21. Choose Hide.


You will see the following image which shows the upper and lower cutoff DTM surfaces.

22. Click the block model button on the status bar at the bottom of the screen and choose Display
from the popup menu.
23. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

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The block model is redisplayed.
24. In the Layers pane, double click the bot_cutoff1.dtm layer to make it the active layer.
25. Right-click the bot_cutoff1.dtm layer and untick the Visible option from the popup menu.

Notice that the visibility icon changes from to (ie. greyed out) to show that the layer is no
longer visible in graphics.

26. Repeat the above step for the top_cutoff1.dtm layer.


Only the block model is now visible.
The next step is to add two attributes to the model which will be filled in the Ore/Waste discrimination
function.
27. Choose Attributes > New.
28. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.
55BColumn Processing Classify Blocks

Note: Right-click on the number 1 to add a row to the table.

The ore_waste_flag is a flag which will signify an ore block if set to 1 and a waste block if set to 0. The
composite_grade attribute will store the grade for a contiguous set of ore and waste blocks in a column.
29. Choose Column processing > Ore/Waste discrimination.
30. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

Note: You are specifying minimum mining thicknesses of ore and waste of 6 metres and a cutoff grade of 8.

This function classifies blocks as ORE or WASTE according to a cutoff grade and minimum thickness
criteria. The ore/waste classification is stored as an integer value in the ore_waste_flag attribute which
facilitates colouring the model on ore/waste. A master attribute is specified (grade) and an attribute to
store the composite grade for each resulting ore and waste layer.

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31. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

Note: It is very important that this function be applied using the above constraint. This way no outlying sub-grade waste
blocks will be included in the top or bottom ore layers. This constraint file is saved for future processing.

A summary is shown below.


55BColumn Processing Classify Blocks

You will now colour the model on the ore_waste_flag attribute. Ensure you are viewing only the blocks
within your new constraint file - top_bot_cutoff.con.
32. Choose Constraints > New graphical constraint.
33. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

34. Choose Display > Colour model by attribute.


35. Select ore_waste_flag for Attribute to colour by, and then click Scan.

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The form is displayed as shown.

36. Click the down arrow on row 1 to bring up the Colour chooser.
37. Click the Crayola tab, type in blue and then click OK.

The waste blocks are now coloured blue.


38. Click the down arrow on row 2 to bring up the Colour chooser.
39. Click the Crayola tab, type in yellow and then click OK.
The ore blocks are now coloured yellow.
41. Click Apply on the Block Colours form.
55BColumn Processing Classify Blocks

42. Click the toggle display polygon & triangle edges icon to turn edges off.
This will colour the model as shown:

Note that the minimum mining thickness of 6 metres (2 blocks in elevation) has been taken into account.

43. Choose Display > View attributes for one block and click on a block to select it.
The composite grade will be reported. This is the average grade for all contiguous ore or waste blocks in
that column. If you select a block above or below this block in the same layer, it will have the same
composite grade. All ore layers have a composite grade greater than 8 and all waste layers have a
composite grade less than 8.
You will now display waste blocks only so you can see their distribution in the model.
44. Choose Constraints > New graphical constraint.

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45. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

The waste blocks are displayed.

46. Choose Block model > Save.


47. Choose Block model > Close.

To see all of the steps performed in this task run _11_classify_blocks.tcl


Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented.
55BColumn Processing 57BReduction and Dilution

Reduction and Dilution


Overview
Because of the practical realities of mining, it is impossible to mine exactly to an ore/waste contact. There
will be some material blending at the contact. Chances are there will be some ore which will be mined
with the waste, and some waste which will be mined with the ore.

The Reduction Dilution function in the block model allows you to specify your expected reduction and
dilution parameters, and then this function will calculate a diluted grade for each ore and waste layer. This
will give the best estimate of the grade of material actually mined.

The first step is to add another attribute to the model.

Task: Calculate Dilution & Reduction


1. Open blockmodel.mdl.
2. Choose Attributes > New.
3. Add an attribute called diluted_grade as shown:

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4. Choose Column processing > Dilution and reduction.
5. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

6. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.


55BColumn Processing 57BReduction and Dilution

7. Click Yes on the following form.

The report is displayed.

8. Choose Block model > Close.

To see all of the steps performed in this task run _12_dilution_and_reduction.tcl


Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented.

Page 85 of 102
Recoverable Product
Dipulihkan Produk

Overview (Ikhtisar)

Fungsi ini menghitung volume produk dipulihkan untuk setiap blok BIJIH, dan toko ini sebagai
rasio
volume produk dipulihkan untuk total volume di blok itu. Oleh karena itu dapat dianggap sebagai
volume produk dapat dipulihkan dalam satu unit volume, yaitu. dalam satu meter kubik jika
bekerja dalam metrik. Nilai
disimpan dengan cara ini karena Surpac sub-blok dinamis dan super-blok. Pilihan agregat dalam
model blok fungsi pelaporan ini kemudian digunakan untuk menghasilkan laporan yang
menunjukkan volume total volume produk.

Untuk setiap lapisan bijih, fungsi juga menghitung dua rasio. Rasio inilah yang memberikan suatu
ukuran apakah lapisan bijih di kedalaman yang ekonomi.

Rasio pertama adalah rasio dari total volume material di lapisan bijih dan lapisan limbah tepat di
atasnya dengan volume produk dapat dipulihkan dalam lapisan bijih. Hal ini memberikan indikasi
apakah lapisan bijih yang mengandung produk yang cukup untuk menjalankan lapisan limbah
tepat di atasnya.

Rasio kedua adalah rasio dari total volume material yang lapisan bijih dan bijih semua dan lapisan
limbah
di atasnya (ke permukaan) dengan volume produk dapat dipulihkan dalam lapisan bijih dan
lapisan bijih semua di atasnya. Hal ini memberikan indikasi apakah pertambangan untuk
kedalaman yang ekonomi. Karena meskipun lapisan bijih
dapat membawa limbah yang tepat di atasnya, jika, misalnya, ada sejumlah besar overburden di
kolom, pertambangan untuk kedalaman yang mungkin tidak ekonomi.

Dasar ekonomi bijih kemudian ditentukan sebagai band bijih pertama ditemui ketika mencari
sampai melalui model blok dimana kedua rasio individu dan kumulatif lebih rendah dari rasio
cutoff tertentu. Rasio cutoff ditentukan oleh faktor-faktor pertambangan ekonomi, seperti harga
komoditas, biaya penambangan, biaya pengolahan, dll

Fungsi Produk yang dapat diperoleh kembali mensyaratkan bahwa semua blok diproses oleh
fungsi ini dapat diklasifikasikan sebagai bijih atau limbah. Saat ini Anda memiliki overburden
pada model yang masih unclassified. Sebelum Produk dapat diperoleh kembali menjalankan Anda
harus mengklasifikasikan overburden sebagai limbah. Anda melakukan ini dengan menggunakan
fungsi nilai Pilih.

Contribute a better translation

Task: Calculate Recoverable Product


1. Open blockmodel.mdl.
2. Choose Estimation > Assign value.
3. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.
55BColumn Processing 58BRecoverable Product

4. Enter the information as shown below, and then click Apply.

This will assign those blocks above the top of our ore, and below the topography (ie. the overburden)
blocks to waste.

5. Click Yes.

Sebelum Anda menjalankan fungsi produk yang dapat diperoleh kembali, Anda harus menambahkan
atribut yang akan menyimpan hasil fungsi ini. Atribut tidak harus ditambahkan sebelum waktu
dalam fungsi ini. Jika atribut yang ditentukan untuk menyimpan hasil tidak ada, mereka akan
dibuat.

Namun, adalah praktik yang lebih baik untuk menambahkannya pertama untuk dua alasan:

• Jika mereka ditambahkan oleh fungsi tersebut, mereka diciptakan sebagai atribut nyata dan
tidak mengapung dan oleh karena itu akan membutuhkan ruang penyimpanan dua kali lipat.
• Anda memiliki kontrol dari nilai-nilai latar belakang saat menambahkan mereka sendiri. Untuk
alasan manajemen data Anda akan ingin untuk membakukan nilai-nilai latar belakang Anda.
Dalam tutorial ini Anda menggunakan nilai latar belakang -99.

Page 87 of 102
6. Choose Attributes > New.
7. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

Tidak seperti kebanyakan atribut, atribut-atribut rasio diberi nilai latar belakang yang tinggi. Nilai tinggi
dari
rasio volume untuk produk menunjukkan material ekonomi kurang. Anda akan mencari untuk nilai
pertama di bawah ini
nilai tertentu.

Jika Anda memilih nilai latar rendah, ketika mencari blok pertama di bawah nilai tertentu yang
menggunakan fungsi puncak-puncak kolom, Anda selalu akan menemukan bagian atas atau bawah model
karena ini adalah di luar kendala kita dan tetap pada nilai latar belakang.

8. Choose Column processing > Recoverable product.


9. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.
55BColumn Processing 58BRecoverable Product

The report is displayed.

Note: You would expect an ore layer with only a small amount of overlying waste to have a lower individual ratio than an
ore layer with a higher thickness of overlying waste. Also, you would expect the uppermost ore layer to have the same value
for the individual and cumulative ratios.

10. Choose Block model > Display.


11. Choose View > Data view options > View by bearing and dip.
12. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

13. Choose Display > Colour model by attribute.


14. Select ore_waste_flag for Attribute to colour by, and click Scan.

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You will see the Block Colours form as shown.

15. Click Apply.


16. Choose View > Data view options > View scale factors.
17. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

18. Drag and drop top_bot_cutoff.con into graphics.


19. Choose Display > Edit attributes for one block.
20. Click an ore block.
55BColumn Processing 58BRecoverable Product

You should see results similar to those shown below.

The final steps of the process are to extract and create surfaces representing the top and bottom of
economic ore. The bottom of economic ore will be a surface created when searching up through the
model, using the Column Tops function, for the first block where both individual and cumulative ratios are
below a cutoff ratio. For this exercise you will use a cutoff ratio of 12.

18. Choose Column processing > Column tops.


19. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

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20. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

21. Choose Surfaces > DTM File functions > Create DTM from string file.
22. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

23. Click and drag bot_ore12.dtm from the Navigator into graphics.
55BColumn Processing 58BRecoverable Product

24. View the block model from below, as shown.


The economic bottom of ore matches the lowest occurrence of ore in all parts of the model
except for the southwest.

The top of the ore will simply be the first occurrence of ore searching down through the model (ie. the
ore_waste_flag =1). If this ore is not economic, as in the southwest of the model, it will be excluded by the
fact that the economic bottom of ore is at an elevation of 400 here. This is a reason why the nominal
values are important when using the Column Tops functions.
23. Choose Column processing > Column tops.
24. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

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25. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

26. Choose Surfaces > DTM File functions > Create DTM from string file.
27. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

A block model report can now be generated to calculate volume, tons, average grade and recoverable
product of the economic ore.
55BColumn Processing 58BRecoverable Product

28. Choose Block Model > Report.


29. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

30. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

Note: Right-click on the “a” in the first row to add another row to the table.

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31. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

The resulting report is shown.

32. Choose Block model > Close.

To see all of the steps performed in this task run _13_recoverable_product.tcl


Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented.
55BColumn Processing 59BThicknesses

Thicknesses
Overview
This can be used to produce string files containing thicknesses and average grades of ore and waste.
You will use the Thicknesses function to prepare total ore thickness, total waste thickness and average
diluted ore grade.

Task: Calculate Column Thickness


1. Open blockmodel.mdl.
2. Choose Column processing > Thickness.
3. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

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4. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

A report is generated as shown:

In the resultant string file, String 1 contains the ore thickness and average diluted grade in the first and
second description fields.
There is also a string 2 in this file which contains the thickness of all other material (in this case this
represents interburden thickness) and the average diluted_grade.
Note: String 2 must be deleted from this file before you can create a DTM of ore thicknesses and grades, or the values
from string 1 and 2 will be averaged when creating the DTM - giving you meaningless results.

5. Using a text editor, delete string 2 from ore_thickness12.str.


6. Choose Surfaces > DTM file functions > Create DTM from string file.
55BColumn Processing 59BThicknesses

7. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

Contours can now be extracted of the ore thickness.

8. Choose Surfaces > Contouring > Contour DTM file.

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9. Enter the information as shown, and then click Apply.

10. Drag and drop the file contour_thickness.str into graphics.


The contours are displayed.

To see all of the steps performed in this task run _14_thicknesses.tcl


Note: You will need to click Apply on any forms presented.