Anda di halaman 1dari 8

Project Spreadsheets to EC2 The Concrete Centre

Client Advisory Group Made by Date Page


Location Grid line 1 rmw 3-Aug-19 202
FLEXURAL CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION to BS EN 1992-1 : 2004 Checked Revision Job No
Originated from TCC14.xls v4.1 on CD © 2002-2005 BCA for RCC RECTANGULAR chg - FB625

LEGEND

INPUT
fck = 30 MPa Area of tension steel, As = 565 mm2
fyk = 500 MPa d= 129 mm
b= 1000 mm Area of compression steel, As = 2 314 mm2
h= 160 mm d = 2 31 mm
QP moment, M = 24.9 KNm Maxmum tension bar spacing, S = 200 mm
Age at cracking = 14 days Max tension bar dia, Øeq = 12 mm
Cement type = R (S, N, or R) Short term or long term ? L (S or L)
Creep factor, φ = 2.0 Cover to As, c = 25 mm

CALCULATIONS
modulus of elasticity of concrete = 22[(fck+8)/10]0.3 Ecm = 32.8 GPa
moduli of elasticity of steel Es = 200.0 GPa
Modular ratio αe = 18.27
mean concrete strength at cracking fcm,t = 34.98 MPa
mean concrete tensile strength fct,eff = 2.67 MPa
uncracked neutral axis depth
[bh²/2+(αe-1)(Asd+As2d2)]/[bh+(αe-1)(As+As2)] xu = 81.21 mm
uncracked 2 moment of area nd

bh³/12+bh(h/2-x)²+(αe-1)[As(d-x)²+As2(x-d2)²] Iu = 378 mm4 106


cracking moment = fctI/(h-x) Mcr = 12.78 kNm
< 24.9 kNm→ section is CRACKED
fully cracked neutral axis depth
(-Asαe-As2(αe-1)+[{Asαe+As2(αe-1)}²-2b{Asαed-As2d2(αe-1)}]½)/b xc = 41.24 mm
concrete stress = M/[bx(d-x/3)/2+(αe-1)As2(d-d2)(x-d2)/x] σc = 9.926 MPa
stress in tension steel = σc∙αe(d-x)/x σs = 385.9 MPa
effective tension area = min[2.5(h-d), (h-x)/3, h/2]b - As Ac,eff = 39021 mm2
As /Ac,eff ρp,eff = 0.0145
max final crack spacing = min[1.3/(h-x),3.4c+0.17Ø/ρp,eff)] sr,max = 154.4 mm
average strain for crack width calculation εsm-εcm = 1463.9 μstrain
CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH Wk = 0.226 mm
Project Spreadsheets to EC2 The Concrete Centre
Client Advisory Group Made by Date Page
Location Grid line 2 rmw 3-Aug-19 33
FLEXURAL CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION to BS EN 1992-1 : 2004 TEE IN Checked Revision Job No
Originated from TCC14.xls v4.1 on CD © 2002-2005 BCA for RCC COMPRESSION chg - FB625

LEGEND

INPUT
fck = 35 MPa Area of tension steel, As = 1473 mm2
fyk = 500 MPa d= 399.5 mm
bw = 300 mm Area of compression steel, As = 2 236 mm2
h= 450 mm d = 2 33 mm
bf = 2170 mm Maxmum tension bar spacing, S = 87 mm
hf = 125 mm Max tension bar dia, Øeq = 25 mm
QP moment, M = 114.2 KNm Short term or long term ? L (S or L)
Age at cracking = 14 days Cover to As, c = 38 mm
Cement type = R (S, N, or R)
Creep factor, φ = 2.0
CALCULATIONS modulus of elasticity of concrete = 22[(fck+8)/10]0.3 Ecm = 34.1 GPa
moduli of elasticity of steel Es = 200.0 GPa
Modular ratio αe = 17.61
mean concrete strength at cracking fcm,t = 39.58 MPa
mean concrete tensile strength fct,eff = 2.95 MPa
uncracked neutral axis depth
[bwh²/2+(bf-bw)hf²/2+(αe-1)(Asd+As2d2)]/[bwh+(bf-bw)hf+(αe-1)(As+As2)] xu = 138.21 mm
uncracked 2nd moment of area
bwh³/12+bwh(h/2-x)²+(bf-bw)hf³/12+(bf-bw)hf(x-hf/2)²+(αe-1)[As(d-x)²+As2(x-d2)²] Iu = 6653 mm4 106
cracking moment = fctI/(h-x) Mcr = 63.05 kNm
< 114.2 kNm→ section is CRACKED
fully cracked x (within flange) xc = 85.53 mm
concrete stress (x within flange) σc = 3.234 MPa
stress in tension steel = σc∙αe(d-x)/x σs = 209.0 MPa
effective tension area = min[2.5(h-d), (h-x)/3, h/2]bw - As Ac,eff = 34974 mm2
As /Ac,eff ρp,eff = 0.0421
max final crack spacing = min[1.3/(h-x),3.4c+0.17Ø/ρp,eff)] sr,max = 230.1 mm
average strain for crack width calculation εsm-εcm = 800.8 μstrain
CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH Wk = 0.184 mm
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

ENTER DATA IN BLUE CELLS ONLY.


RED MESSAGES INDICATE ENTRY ERRORS.

Table 3.1

Table 3.1 & equation (3.4)


Table 3.1

a b c
Below -150 263604.5 25099852 90.552 bx^2/2 - bx^2 - x[(bf-bw)hf + (ae-1)As' + ae.As] + (bf-bw)hf^2/2 + (ae-1)As'd' + ae.As.d = 0
x is within flange 0 Within -1085 29854.55 10490477 85.529 bf.x^2/2 - bf.x^2 - x[(ae-1)As' + ae.As] + (ae-1)As'd' + ae.As.d = 0
√ f z m
√ Below 33.657 200.5777 5.9594776 3.7553
7.3.2 (3) Within 3.2342 M/[bfx(d-x/3)/2+(αe-1)As2(x-d2)/x(d-d2)]
7.3.4 (2)
Equations (7.11) & (7.14)
Equation (7.9)
Equation (7.8) 1
^2/2 + (ae-1)As'd' + ae.As.d = 0
Project Spreadsheets to EC2 The Concrete Centre
Client Advisory Group Made by Date
Location Grid line 2 rmw 3-Aug-19
FLEXURAL CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION to BS EN 1992-1 : 2004 TEE IN Checked Revision
Originated from TCC14.xls v4.1 on CD © 2002-2005 BCA for RCC TENSION chg -

LEGEND

INPUT
fck = 35 MPa Area of tension steel, As = 1000 mm2
fyk = 500 MPa d= 417 mm
bw = 300 mm Area of compression steel, As = 2 236 mm2
h= 450 mm d = 2 34 mm
bf = 1222 mm Maxmum tension bar spacing, S = 87.4 mm
hf = 125 mm Max tension bar dia, Øeq = 10 mm
QP moment, M = 147 KNm Short term or long term ? L (S or L)
Age at cracking = 14 days Cover to As, c = 28 mm
Cement type = R (S, N, or R)
Creep factor, φ = 2.0
CALCULATIONS modulus of elasticity of concrete = 22[(fck+8)/10]0.3 Ecm = 34.1 GPa
moduli of elasticity of steel Es = 200.0 GPa
Modular ratio αe = 17.61
mean concrete strength at cracking fcm,t = 39.58 MPa
mean concrete tensile strength fct,eff = 2.95 MPa
uncracked neutral axis depth
[bwh²/2+(bf-bw)hf(h-hf/2)+(αe-1)(Asd+As2d2)]/[bwh+(bf-bw)hf+(αe-1)(As+As2)] xu = 303.18 mm
uncracked 2 moment of area nd

bwh³/12+bwh(h/2-x)²+(bf-bw)hf³/12+(bf-bw)hf(h-x-hf/2)²+(αe-1)[As(d-x)²+As2(x-d2)²] Iu = 4572 mm4 106


cracking moment = fctI/(h-x) Mcr = 92.01 kNm
< 147 kNm→ section is CRACKED
fully cracked neutral axis depth
(-Asαe-As2(αe-1)+[{Asαe+As2(αe-1)}²+2b{Asαed+As2d2(αe-1)}]½)/bw xc = 162.73 mm
concrete stress = M/[bx(d-x/3)/2+(αe-1)As2(x-d2)/x(d-d2)] σc = 14.638 MPa
stress in tension steel = σc∙αe(d-x)/x σs = 402.7 MPa
height of tension zone = min[2.5(h-d), (h-x)/3, h/2] hc,eff = 82.50 mm
effective tension area Ac,eff = 99815 mm2
As /Ac,eff ρp,eff = 0.0100
max final crack spacing = min[1.3/(h-x),3.4c+0.17Ø/ρ p,eff)] sr,max = 264.9 mm
average strain for crack width calculation εsm-εcm = 1319.6 μstrain
CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH Wk = 0.350 mm
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Concrete Centre
Page ENTER DATA IN BLUE CELLS ONLY.
RED MESSAGES INDICATE ENTRY ERRORS.
33
Job No
FB625

(S or L)

Table 3.1

Table 3.1 & equation (3.4)


Table 3.1

ρ' = 0.0019 ρ = 0.0080

mm4 106


σs > 0.8fyk

7.3.2 (3)
7.3.4 (2)
Equations (7.11) & (7.14)
Equation (7.9)
Equation (7.8) 1
National Annex values
EC2 Ref Function Value
7.2 (2) k1 0.6 stress limit - concrete
7.2 (3) k2 0.45 linear creep limit
7.2 (5) k3 0.8 stress limit - steel
7.3.4 (3) k3 3.4 Equation (7.11) factor
7.3.4 (3) k4 0.425 Equation (7.11) factor
Notes

Disclaimer
All advice or information from MPA-The Concrete Centre is intended for those who will evaluate the significance and limitations of its
contents and take responsibility for its use and application. No liability (including that for negligence) for any loss resulting from such
advice or information is accepted by MPA-The Concrete Centre or its subcontractors, suppliers or advisors. Users should note that all
MPA-The Concrete Centre software and publications are subject to revision from time to time and they should therefore ensure that they
are in possession of the latest version.

This spreadsheet should be used in compliance with the accompanying publication 'User Guide RC Spreadsheets: v4' available from The
Concrete Centre www.concretecentre.com/rcdesign Tel +44 (0)1276 606800

Status of spreadsheet This spreadsheet is shareware but may not be used for commercial purposes until the
user has registered with The Concrete Centre using the licence validation form available
Public release version on The Concrete Centre website www.concretecentre.com/rcdesign

Revision history TCC14 Crack Width


Date Version Action Size (kB)
27-May-10 TCC14 v4.1 Correction to αe for "S" type cement. 949

10-Mar-10 TCC14 v4.0 Updated to revised UK National Annex. 949

10-Jun-09 TCC14 v3.3 Correction to expression in Rectangular!D45 (working cells unchanged). 943

3-Feb-09 TCC14 v3.2 Clarification of expression in cell Rectangular!D46. 943


Correction to calculation of Aceff and cracked x for rectangular sections. Default cement
28-Feb-07 TCC14 v3.1 919
type changed to 'R'.
28-Jun-06 TCC14 v3.0 v3 release. Page nos, User Guide and registration details amended. 918

3-Feb-05 TCC14 v1.0 Tee sections added. RE-BADGED 924


30-Apr-03 RCCen14 β4 Correction to use of equation (7.14). 258
26-Mar-03 RCCen14 β3 Updatd to November 2002 draft. 258
21-Dec-01 RCCen14 β2 Updated to final draft. 266
31-Aug-01 RCCen14 β1 First issue for in-house comment 266

Page 8