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DCCM IV
INDIGENOUS PEOPLE
AND MATERIALS
Prepared by: Prepared and enhanced by:
SYLVIA D. VILLANUEVA ARTURO ARVEN P. GUMARAO
GRETTA A. ADORA EVELYN A. BIDO
JANETTE B. CERBITO, PhD JIESHIEL T. ALCERA
EDELITO A. DIAZ CINDERELLA L. OSTAN
MARVIN T. ACO ELVIRA A. ORTENERO
ENRIQUE A. SABORDO JOSE O. ATENCIO
JAIPE D. ALILUYA
VENUS V. MALOBAGO
MEDA A. BANDAL
ELADIO R. FUENTES
DCCM IV –INDIGENOUS PEOPLE AND MATERIALS

A. Indigenous People –DCCM IV.A What Learner Should Feel What Learners Should Do
What Learners Should Know?
and Think About to Transfer Learning

Mamanwa Tribe of Las Navas, Northern The Mamanwa can be found in Las 1. Show respect, acceptance, 1. Write reflection paper on
Samar, DCCM IV.A.1 Navas, Northern Samar. It is one of and love for the indigenous how they can show love,
the oldest tribe bearing physical people. acceptance, and concern to
resemblance to the Negritos. Their the IPs.
spoken language is a mixture of
Cebuano and Surigaonon, and 2. Accept the IPs as our 2. Conduct exhibits on
Waray. Leadership is accorded to the brothers and sisters because their clippings of food,
eldest and most respected male in they are also Filipinos. clothing, shelter, and
the community of three to twenty livelihoods of the IPs.
households. The Mamanwas subsist
from other groups whom they have 3. Give them equal 3. Role playing on the lives
forged labor agreement. opportunity to exercise their of the indigenous people.
rights and privileges.

(Ref: Linguistic Society of the


(Ref: www.tribemission.com) Philippines. Pacific and Asian Life
Databank. 1991)
What Learner Should Feel What Learners Should Do to
B. Indigenous Materials - DCCM IV.B What Learners Should Know?
and Think About Transfer Learning

HOUSEHOLD MATERIALS It is a hand woven mat used for 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
Banig, DCCM IV.B.2 sleeping. value these materials. materials.

There are different kinds of “banig” in 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
the province. It could be made from and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
bariw, buri, romblon or takay. people making these things. materials.
The quality of banig depends upon the
material. The most expensive and 3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these
durable is made from “tikog” and the materials
cheaper one and not so durable is
made of “bariw” and “buri”. 4. Appreciate the use of 4. Differentiate symbols/shape
indigenous materials. of design use in the mat.
This mat is made from “tikog,” a type
of grass that grows near rice fields. 5. Understand the health 5. Utilize the native art in
benefits using the material furnishing houses as décor,
One can feel the coolness and comfort as mattress compared to ceiling and walling.
in sleeping using “banig” on top of bed. plastic products or
synthetic products.
6. Use as interior design
materials for different
establishments
Lampara (Lamp), DCCM IV. B.3
It is a piece of equipment used to 1. Know that there are 1. Make models/produce
produce an open flame. It can be made alternative sources of sample of each kind of
from brass, glass, stainless energy. lamp.
steel or aluminum.
2. Appreciate the use of 2. List materials use in
The kinds of lamp is according to the alternative material for lightings in the absence of
fuel use: lightings. electricity.

 Kingki (Kerosene Lamp) - use 3. In darkness there is 3. Find ways for cost cutting of
kerosene as fuel. light. electricity.

 Lampara (Lamp) – use kerosene


as fuel.

 Patente (Vigil Lamp) – use asiete


or oil as fuel.

 Serilya (torch) – a bamboo with


wick(pabilo) and use kerosene as
fuel.
Petromax Lamp, DCCM IV.B.4

A brand name for a type of pressurized 1. Know that there are 1. Make models/produce
paraffin lamp that uses a mantle. alternative sources of sample of each kind of
energy. lamp.

2. Appreciate the use of 2. List materials use in


alternative material for lightings in the absence of
lightings. electricity.

3. In darkness there is 3. Find ways for cost cutting


light. of electricity.

Lusong and Bayo, DCCM IV.B.5 It is used for pounding rice to separate 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
the grains from the husk. value these materials. materials.

A round hole is carved at the center of 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
a piece of hardwood where rice is and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
placed and pounded with a pestle. people making these things. materials.

3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these


materials

4. Mini-
museum/display/exhibit of
indigenous materials in the
classroom
Kaguran, DCCM IV.B.6 It is used in scraping the meat of 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
coconut. The old-school grater was a value these materials. materials.
flat metal the size of a spoon having
ugly serrated edge around its head so 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
as to flesh out of the coconut meat as and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
you manually scrape the cracked people making these things. materials.
coconut against its teeth. This serrated
metal was attached to a scaled-down 3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these
wooden chair that looked like a materials
footstool, hence, one had to grate the
coconuts while sitting down 4. Mini-
museum/display/exhibit of
indigenous materials in the
classroom
Gantang, DCCM IV.B.7 A bushel is a unit of volume that is
used for measuring agricultural
produce such as corn, beans, and rice.

This measuring box is based on


volume not weight.

 1 Gantang = 6 salmonan/ 9
kagaratsan
 1 Haniga = 8 gantang
Kalo nga Bariw/Buri, DCCM IV.B.8 It is usually made of bariw/buri strips 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
for protection against the rain and value these materials. materials.
heat of the sun. It is commonly used
by farmers and fishermen. 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
people making these things. materials.

3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these


materials

4. Mini-
museum/display/exhibit of
indigenous materials in the
classroom

Tadyaw/Tibod/Biso, DCCM IV.B.9 This is an ancient earthenware used


by our forefathers to store water for
cooking and drinking. It is made up of
clay. During those times when
modernized water dispensers were
unheard of, old folks have their
“tapayan or malalabi” (water jar) found
in every kitchen to store potable water
that were fetched directly from pristine
-Figure 2: Biso spring.

That clay can be made into drinking


and cooking materials/utensils.
Figure 1: Tibod
 Tibod – smallest water clay
storage
 Biso – is bigger than Tibod
 Tadyaw – is the biggest water
Figure 3: clay storage
Tadyaw
Sug-ang, DCCM IV.B.10 In the early years where 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
industrialization hasn’t reached the far value these materials. materials.
flung areas of the Philippines, local
tribesmen in Northern Samar cook 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
their food in a triangularly set stones and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
placed in the kitchen. people making these things. materials.

Classification of Sug-ang: 3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these


materials
 Form by stone
 Form by round timber 4. Mini-
 Form of bamboo museum/display/exhibit of
 Form of iron indigenous materials in the
classroom
Nowadays, “dalikan” has already
evolved from the typical three corner
stone stove to an earthenware stove
with free stands designs to hold the
pot while cooking. Just like the local
“pugon” or fireplace, one may use
firewood or charcoal for cooking.

Kuron, DCCM IV.B.11 Kuron is a “clay pot” used for cooking


selected dishes.

 Tiko – is the small form of


cooking clay pot.
Gilingan, DCCM IV.B.12 This material is made of stone which 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
consists of two big round stones that value these materials. materials.
grind corn or rice into fine powder or
rice flour. 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
people making these things. materials.

3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these


materials

4. Mini-
museum/display/exhibit of
Nigo, DCCM IV.B.13 This is a round or oval tray made of indigenous materials in the
rattan which is used in preparing and classroom
cleaning rice to be cooked.

Duyan, DCCM IV.B.14 A hammock is usually made of rattan


or bamboo stretched with ropes
between two firm anchor points. It is
used for containing babies to sleep or
for rest and relaxation after a hard
day’s work. It is used outdoor
commonly in a shaded area under
trees. The hammock is often seen as a
symbol of summer, leisure, relaxation,
and simple easy living.
Common material s that use in
making of Duyan:
 Abaka
 Rattan
 Cloth
 Nylon
 Straw string

Alat, DCCM IV.B.15 It a farm equipment used as a 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
container for the harvested value these materials. materials.
agricultural products carried by a
farmer on his 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
forehead/shoulder/back. and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
people making these things. materials.
This is usually used by a farmer who’s
far from the road and is difficult to be 3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these
reached by a motorized vehicle or materials
carabao.

Common material s that use in


making of Alat:

 Rattan
 Aluminum Wire

Tumba-tumba/Lumba-Lumba (Rocking Rattans are extensively used for


Chair), DCCM IV.B.16 making furniture due to its durability
and resistance.

A rattan rocking chair has legs set on


rockers. It is sought by people who
value good living and want to add
comfort after a hard day’s work.
Types of Tumba –tumba:

 Made of rattan
 Made of wood
 Salukiya Handwoven

Balaraw/Andador (Native Child Walker) It is made of rattan with two 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
DCCM IV.B.17 circular holes in different value these materials. materials.
circumference. Its base is bigger than
the upper part. It is used by a child 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
who is learning from walking. and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
people making these things. materials.

3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these


materials
Ba-ol ( Wooden Trunk), DCCM IV.B.18 Wooden trunk is used commonly as 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
storage for clothing’s and other value these materials. materials.
valuables. With a few tools, it can
easily be constructed. Such trunk is 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
used to store items of any kind. A and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
simple plywood trunk would easily people making these things. materials.
provide and be filled with padding and
strapping to hold the pieces steady 3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these
inside. materials

To make a wooden trunk, gather the


materials needed. Write down the sizes
and measurements for both sizes and
of wood you will need to complete the
trunk.

Katre/Higdaan, DCCM IV.B.19 The bamboo bed is not only cheap but
pretty strong. It provides comfort and
is cool to use. Bamboo bed represents
a growing trend in eco-friendly
furniture. Ecologically friendly bamboo
is becoming a very popular type of
material in furniture because of its
green culture in being a responsibly
harvested resource and its rich feature
make it unique compared to those
made of synthetic materials.

Types of Katre

 Wood form
 Bamboo form
 Salukiya Handwoven form
Bangko(Wooden stool), DCCM IV.B.20 Wooden stool is commonly used in 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
the rural areas as one of the main value these materials. materials.
furniture in the living room. It is also
used in taverns, pubs, kitchen islands 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
and bars. It provides a place to sit for and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
conversation and informal dining. people making these things. materials.
Although wooden stools can be
purchased, they can often be made for 3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these
less in the home workshop. materials

Bangkito – small wooden stool.


Commonly used for laundry and for
small children.

Bangko (Bench), DCCM IV.B.21 It is long piece of hard wood without a


support for the back, mostly laced in
the veranda.
Aparador/Cabinet, DCCM IV.B. 22 Native cabinet is made of hard wood, 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
plyboard, or coconut/buri midribs. It value these materials. materials.
is a very interesting compliment to a
simple living yet in style. This 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
furniture is made ideal for those who and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
are fond of native designs and people making these things. materials.
products.
3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these
materials

Sala Set nga Kawayan (Bamboo Sala Bamboo stands out among woody
Set), DCCM IV.B.23 plants because it possesses unique
qualities and offers a wide array of
uses. Such this bamboo sala set to be
found in the living room, strong and
flexible.

It is commonly made from


Kabugawan bamboo.
Pinggan/Paya (Coconut plate), DCCM Coconut shells are used to make a 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
IV.B. 24 variety of handmade items. Coconut value these materials. materials.
shells, cut into half or pieces, cleaned
and rub the surfaces well with some 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
rough material like sandstone and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
to make it's surface smooth, are used people making these things. materials.
to make kitchen items such as cups,
bowls and plate. 3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these
materials

Luwag (Coconut Ladle), DCCM IV.B. 25 It is a ladle made from coconut shell
with a handle made from bamboo and
handwoven by a rattan.

Baso (Bamboo cup), DCCM IV.B. 26 Bamboo offers a wide variety of uses.
And one of that is a drinking cup from
bamboo. In making a bamboo cup the
first step is to decide how tall you want
your cups to be, and what type of lip
they will have.
Measure out the desired length. Be
sure to locate the "notch" in the
bamboo. This will serve as the bottom
of the cup.
Silhig/Tingting/Walis Tingting(Broom) The stiff mid-ribs of coconut leaves are 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
DCCM IV.B. 27 used for making brooms. The green of value these materials. materials.
the leaves (lamina) are stripped away,
leaving the veins (wood-like, thin, long 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
strips) which are tied together to form and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
a broom or brush. A long handle made people making these things. materials.
from some other wood may be inserted
into the base of the bundle and used 3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these
as a two-handed broom materials

KIMPIT(Clothespin) DCCM IV.B 28 Kimpit (clothespin) is a fastener used


to hang up clothes for drying, usually
on a clothes line
Lampaso(Floorscrub) DCCM IV.B 29 Lampaso (floorscrub) is a half of an 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
unhuskedcoconutshell used as a value these materials. materials.
scrub
2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
people making these things. materials.

3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these


materials

Paypay/abaniko/paypay/
Kayab/pamaypay DCCM IV. B. 30 Hand woven fan made of bamboo
strip, anahaw, romblon, buri, nipa,
FISHING

Pasol/Bilwit/Kawil (Fishing Rod), A fishing rod or a fishing pole is a long, 1. Feel how hard a 1. Identify legal and illegal
DCCM IV.B.32 flexible length of glass fiber composite, fisherman catches fish ways of fishing.
carbon fiber composite or, classically, for our consumption.
bamboo, used to catch fish.
2. Appreciate the noble 2. Make the class experience
It contrast with subsistence and and important to go fishing.
commercial fishing, which usually occupation of
involve nets, fishing rods are typically fisherman.
used in the sports of angling and
competitive casting. 3. The importance of fish 3. Outreach program in
conservation in our life. families of fisherman or in
At its simplest, a fishing rod is a the coastal areas
simple stick or pole with a line ending
in a hook (formerly known as an angel,
hence the term angling). To entice fish
bait or lures may be added. To aid in
playing a fish more line, stowed on a
reel, is common.

Fishing rods vary in flexibility and


length, varying between 24 inches and
20 feet.

Sugob/Sarapang (Fishing Spear), The simplest fishing spear is a long 1. Feel how hard a 1. Identify legal and illegal
DCCM IV.B.33 pole with a sharpened end. Some fisherman catches fish ways of fishing.
fishing spears have multiple points for our consumption.
that increase the likelihood of a
successful catch. 2. Appreciate the noble 2. Make the class experience
and important to go fishing.
occupation of
fisherman.
3. Outreach program in
3. The importance of fish families of fisherman or in
conservation in our life. the coastal areas
Pana (Gun Spear) DCCM 1V. B. 33 Fisherman use spear guns, which use
compressed gas or slings to launch the
spear at the target. Because fish can
wriggle off the spear, many fishing
spears have barbs on their points to
minimize a fish’s chance of escape.

Banca/Baloto/Baruto (Fishing Boat, Traditionally, many different kinds of


DCCM IV.B.34 boats have been used as fishing boats
to catch fish in the sea, or on a lake or
river. It is mostly made of hard wood
with outrigger made of bamboo. A
Figure 1: wooden paddle is used to propel it to
Sibiran sail. Some models use motor engines
to make it operational.

Fishermen commonly use this where


they can have enough room for their
Figure 2: Baloto catch

Banca classified as:


 Baluto
 Sibiran
 Sampan
 Lawagan
 Casko
(Fish Net) DCCM 1V. B. 35
Devices made from fibers woven in a 1. Feel how hard a 1. Identify legal and illegal
grid-like structure. Some fishing fisherman catches fish ways of fishing.
nets are also called fish traps. for our consumption.

2. Appreciate the noble 2. Make the class experience


Classification of fish nets are: and important to go fishing.
occupation of
 Sibot /tikpaw fisherman.
 Sihud
Figure 1: Laya
Figure 2: Hulbot – hulbot  Hulbot-hulbot 3. The importance of fish 3. Outreach program in
 Laya conservation in our life. families of fisherman or in
 Patitig/pokot the coastal areas

Figure 4.:Sibot/ Tikpaw

Figure 3: Sudsod
Bubo (Bamboo Fish Trap) DCCM 1V. B. One of the few traps for fish, crab 1. Feel how hard a 1. Identify legal and illegal
36 lobster and other marine products. fisherman catches fish ways of fishing.
Fish traps are designed so that fish for our consumption.
can swim in but find it difficult to
escape. The bamboo fish trap has 2. Appreciate the noble 2. Make the class experience
three parts; the main part is the back and important to go fishing.
or the body of the trap. The stomach occupation of
or the bottom area, here is the opening fisherman.
part to get the catch when completed.
Mouth or opening part. 3. The importance of fish 3. Outreach program in
conservation in our life. families of fisherman or in
Panggal is one of fish traps that is the coastal areas
circular or rectangular in shape.
WEAPON

Guna/Pitik/Lastiko/Sumpit/Tirador A sling is a weapon use to throw a 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
(Slingshot or Sling), DCCM IV.B. 37 stone. It is also known as the value these materials. materials.
shepherd.
2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
A sling has a small cradle or pouch in and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
the middle of two lengths of cord. The people making these things. materials.
sling stone is placed through the loop;
the other string has a tab that is 3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these
placed between the thumb and materials
forefinger. The sling is swing and with 4. Appreciate the common
the flick of the wrist, the tab is tools that can be used such
released at the precise moment. This as traditional hunting,
derives the effectiveness by essentially weaponry, etc.
extending the length of a human arm,
thus allowing stones to be thrown
farther than they could by hand.

It is inexpensive and easy to make.


Today, the sling interests sportsmen
as a survival tool and as an improvised
weapon.
FARM EQUIPMENTS
It is a native farming tool/equipment 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
Arado (Native Plow), DCCM IV.B.38 with a sharp blade for breaking up the value these materials. materials.
soil to make furrows. It is pulled by a
carabao under the manipulation of a 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
farmer. and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
people making these things. materials.

3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these


materials
4. Appreciate the common
livelihood farming and
gardening.

5. Appreciate improvised
devices useful in farming.
Surod/ Suyod ,Yugo (Yoke), Patuloy Surod/Suyod is a native farming tool
DCCM IV. B. 39 /equipment with a pointed device
made from “bahi”(anahaw tree) and
iron used to take out the grasses from
the rice field being pulled by the
animals like carabao, cows, etc. with
the assistance of the farmer.

A yugo (yoke) is a device attached to


surod/suyod to pull object or material.

Patuloy is the long bamboo or wood


attached from the yogo.
1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
Lun-an (Makeshift-Coconut Drier) An elevated or ground makeshift use value these materials. materials.
DCCM IV.B. 40 to dry/cook the coconut copra/s.
2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
people making these things. materials.

3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these


materials
4. Appreciate the common
livelihood farming and 4. Develop mastery in
gardening. estimation and solving
problem in terms of heavy and
5. Appreciate improvised light loads using unit
devices useful in farming. measurement such as volumes
and grams.

Palaw (Coconut Husk Remover) DCCM It is a sharp-pointed device made of


IV.B. 41 wood or iron used to remove the husk
of the coconut.
Bolo/Sundang,DCCM IV.B. 42 Bolo is bladed tool used for breaking 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
coconuts, for cutting tall grass or trees value these materials. materials.
and for harvesting root. It is also used
as a weapon against dangerous 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
animals like snakes. and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
people making these things. materials.

3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these


materials

Kawit, DCCM IV.B. 43 A long bamboo pole with a hook blade


attached on it used to get or cut in a
higher object.
Garab/ Asyab (Sickle), DCCM IV.B. 44 It is a farming tool in which the handle
is made of wood or melted plastic
materials used to harvest the mature
rice stalks.

Atsa/Hatsa/Parakol (Wooden Ax), Atsa is a piece of farm tool with a


DCCM IV.B. 45 wooden handle to chop or cut large 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
piece of wood. value these materials. materials.

2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary


 Atsita is a small sizedax. and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
people making these things. materials.

3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these


materials
Panlugit/Panlukad(Coconut Meat It is a farm tool made of iron with a
Extractor), DCCM IV.B. 46 wooden handle. It is used to extract
the mature coconut meat to be made
into copra.

Dawatan and Lakob (Tuba Container), A Lakob is made of bamboo device 1. Take care, preserve, and 1. Exhibit/display of these
DCCM IV.B.47 attached in the tayok (young coconut value these materials. materials.
buds) for collecting the extract from
the cut end. 2. Appreciate the industry 2. Compose literary
and innovativeness of the pieces/draw about indigenous
people making these things. materials.
A Dawatan is bamboo device use in
collecting the coconut extract from the 3. Cultivate sense of pride 3. Make models of these
lakob. materials
Figure 1: Lakob

Figure A2: Dawatan

Figure 2B: Dawatan


Batingaw/Latok/Padlong (Bamboo Rat It is a farm tool made of mature
Trap), DCCM IV.B. 48 bamboo trunk usually placed in the
sweet potato plantation or rice fields to
catch the farm rat. A freshly roasted
coconut meat is laced inside as bait.
Once the rat enters to eat the copra
pierced in the bamboo stick connected
to the trap an inevitably bump the
stick, the trap will close walling the
rat.

TRANSPORTATION
One of the earliest modes of 1. How joyous and thrilled 1. Compare the modes of
Tabao/Balsa (Bamboo Raft) DCCM 1V. transportation is the raft made of the transportation in transportation of present
B. 49 bamboo. The hollow culms, or stems, our ancestors. and past.
of bamboo are filled with air, making it
extremely buoyant. 2. Appreciate the 2. Make the students
innovativeness of experience actual rides of
making transportation the materials (tabao, banka,
much easier and faster. kangga).

3. Take care, preserve, and 3. Make models of these


value these materials materials.
Bangka /Casco(Canoe) DCCM IV. B. 50 A banka/Bangka/casco (canoe) is a
small narrow boat, usually pointed at
both bow and stern and normally
opens on top, though they can be
covered. A dugout is a canoe hollowed
from a tree trunk.

Kangga(Cart) DCCM IV. B.51 Kangga a cart made like a sled and
usually pulled by a carabao.

Kangga increased the number of


passenger or loads that carabao can
carry.

TOYS/GAMES

Toys from coconut leaves DCCM 1V. B. The leaves of coconut provide different 1. How jolly and simple 1. Compare the games and
52 uses and one of that is it is woven into the games and toys toys of present and past.
different shapes and use as a toys for played by children.
the children such as an eyeglass,
watch, ball and many other forms. 2. Appreciate the 2. Make the students
innovativeness of experience and play games.
children of making toys
and games.

3. Take care, preserve and 3. Make models of these


value this games and materials.
toys.
Pusilpusil/ Sulpot (Bamboo Toy Gun) Bamboo Toy Gun is made of a small
DCCM 1V. B.53 kind of bamboo known as "bagakay"
with a hole of about 1/3 of an inch in
diameter and 1 foot or 12 inches long
is an ideal estimate for a good shooter.
The plunger is also made of bamboo
formed into a round stick with a
diameter enough to go inside the
barrel or 1/3 in. hole and is at least a
quarter inch shorter than the bamboo
barrel.

There were many variations as to how


this toy will be played. Some used an
ordinary paper soaked in the water
and formed into a ball with a diameter
enough to be inserted to the hole of
the bamboo barrel as bullet. Some
used Kanding-kanding seeds or fruit,
some bil-is fruit or seeds. This toy can
be operational by inserting one bullet
and pushing it all the way to the other
end, then by putting another one to
the feeding end, plunged it at least an
inch or two, now your luthang is ready
for action. Aim the barrel to the target
and push the plunger all the way in a
quick and forceful manner… BOOM!
This works just like a gun and is also
dangerous when recklessly handled.
Takyan DCCM 1V. B. 54 The toy is made with a washer or cup 1. How jolly and simple 1. Compare the games and
of beverages, which is a small round the games and toys toys of present and past.
metal with a hole in the center. played by children.

The idea of the game is to kick the 2. Appreciate the 2. Make the students
Takyan in the air many times as you innovativeness of experience and play
can without touching it and letting it children of making toys games.
fall to the ground and games

3. Make models of these


3. Take care, preserve and materials.
value this games and
toys.

Tansan Blade Fight DCCM 1V. B. 55 Soda bottle caps are flattened, two
holes bored near the very center and
about 36-inch long string passed
through both holes so as to produce a
sort of necklace. The idea is to make
the circular blade spin as fast as it can
in order to cut the string of the
opponent while at the same time
dodging the opponent’s blade. Once
you cut the opponent's string, you win.
Kites are usually small, flat, flattened
Buradol/Banogbanog (Kite) DCCM diamond-shaped kites made of papel-
IV.B. 56 de-hapon and bamboo, some from old
newspaper, with tails. 1. How jolly and simple 1. Compare the games and
the games and toys toys of present and past.
Some kites were flown with small played by children.
flutes attached allowing the wind to
"hum" a musical tune. There are other 2. Appreciate the 2. Make the students
forms of sound-making kites. Some innovativeness of experience and play
attached large bows to the front of the children of making games.
kites to make a deep throbbing toys and games
vibration.

3. Take care, preserve 3. Make models of these


and value this games materials.
and toys.

Sungka DCCM IV. B. 57 Sungka (pronounced SOONG-kah) is a


game played on a solid wooden block
with two rows of seven circular holes
and two large holes at both ends called
"head".
The game begins with 49 game pieces
(shells, marbles, pebbles or seeds)
equally distributed to alternate holes -
seven pieces in every other hole -
except "heads" which remain empty.
Sungka requires two players. Each
player controls the seven holes on his
side of the board and owns the "head"
to his right. The goal is to accumulate
as many pieces in your own "head".

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