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1.0038 Steel S235JR Material Equivalent,


Composition, Properties
January 12, 2019

Introduction
S235JR material or 1.0038 steel is an European standard hot rolled non-alloy structural steel grade.
It has good plasticity, toughness and weldability, certain strength and good cold bending properties.
For specification and data sheet, please see the following tables.

The designation of S235JR steel is as follow:

“S” is short for structural steel;


“235” refers to the minimum yield strength (MPa) for the steel thickness ≤ 16mm;
“JR” indicates the quality grade related to charpy impact test energy values (27J, tested at room temperature
20℃);
1.0038 is the steel number of S235JR.

Physical Properties of S235JR Steel (1.0038 Material)


Material density: 7.85g/m3
Melting point: 1420-1460 °C (2590-2660 °F)

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Applications
EN 1.0038 material can be made into many steel products, such as H beam, I beam, steel channel,
steel plate, steel angle, steel pipe, wire rods, and nails, etc. and these products are widely used in
general requirements for welded structures and parts such as bridges, transmission towers, boilers,
steel structure factories, shopping centers and other buildings, etc.

Chemical Composition of S235JR Material (1.0038 Steel)


The following table shows (1.0038) S235JR chemical composition.

Chemical Composition % (≤)


Country Steel
Standard Grade C Si Mn P S
(Region) Grade
S235JR 0.17 – 1.40 0.035 0.035
EN S235
European S235J0 0.17 – 1.40 0.030 0.030
10025-2 steel
S235J2 0.17 – 1.40 0.025 0.025

S235JR Steel 1.0038 Material Mechanical Properties


The yield strength, tensile strength, elongation, and Charp impact value are listed in the following data
sheet.

1.0038 material Brinell hardness: ≤120 HBW


Charp impact value: 27 J, tested at room temperature 20℃

Yield Strength
Yield Strength (≥ N/mm2); Dia. (d) mm
Steel 16< d 40< d 60< d 100< d 150< d
Steel Grade d≤16
Series ≤40 ≤60 ≤100 ≤150 ≤200
S235JR
S235 235 225 215 215 195 185
(1.0038)

Tensile Strength
Tensile Strength (≥ N/mm2)

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Steel Series Steel Grade d<3 3 ≤ d ≤ 100 100 < d ≤ 150 150 < d ≤ 250
S235 S235JR (1.0038) 360-510 360-510 350-500 340-490

1MPa = 1N/mm2

Elongation
Elongation (≥%); Thickness (d) mm
Steel Series Steel Grade d≤40 40< d ≤63 63 < d ≤100 100 < d ≤ 150 150 < d ≤ 250
S235 S235JR 26 25 24 22 21

Equivalent Grade
EN 1.0038 material S235JRG2 or S235JR steel equivalent to US ASTM AISI SAE, Germany DIN,
British BSI, France NF, ISO, Japanese JIS, Chinese GB, and Indian IS standard. (For reference)

Notes: S235JRG2 is an old designation, and has been replaced by S235JR in EN 10025-2 :2004.

EN 1.0038, S235JR steel equivalent grade


European USA Germany Britain (UK)
Standard Grade Standard Grade Standard Grade Standard Grade
S235JR,
DIN EN
S235JR, ASTM A36; A36; S235JRG2,
EN 10025-2; BS EN S235JR
1.0038; ASTM Grade 1.0038;
10025-2 DIN 10025-2 1.0038
S235JRG2 A283/A283M D RSt 37-2,
17100
Ust 37-2
ASTM A36; A36;
DIN EN
ASTM Grade S235J0,
EN S235J0, 10025-2; BS EN S235J0;
A283/A238M; D 1.0114;
10025-2 1.0114 DIN 10025-2 1.0114
ASTM Grade St 37-3 U
17100
A573/A573M 58
S235J2,
A36;
EN 1.0114; ASTM A36; DIN EN S235J2, BS EN S235J2,
Grade
10025-2 S235J2G3; ASTM A283M 10025-2 1.0114; 10025-2 1.0114;
D
S235J2G4

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