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Appeal

No. 219
1. PROJECT TITLE: Cyclone Fani response in Odisha
2. BUDGET
Budget target: ₹ 17,100,000

Funds received: ₹ 120,000

Required: ₹ 16,880,000

Contact person:

Sudhanshu S. Singh Mr NM Prusty
Chief Executive Officer President
Humanitarian Aid International Humanitarian Aid International
Mobile: +91 9953 163 572 Mobile: +91 9899 592 306
Email: sssingh@humanitarianaidinternational.org Email: president@humanitarianaidinternational.org

Please send your contributions to the following bank accounts:


Bank details (only for national transfers):
Account name: Humanitarian Aid International
Account No. 084301005007
Account type: Saving
IFSC code: ICIC0000843
Address: ICICI Bank Ltd. Plot No. 5&6, LSC-3
Dwarka, Sector 6
New Delhi – 110075

Bank details (only for international transfers):
Account name: Centre for Youth and Social Development
Name of Bank: State Bank of India, Bapujinagar Branch, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Account No. 10977511578
IFSC Code: SBIN0006408
SWFT Code: SBININBB270


Note: Please notify your contribution to finance@humanitarianaidinternational.org with copy
to sssingh@humanitarianaidinternational.org


Office: 2nd Floor, Building No; H-753-A, Ansal's Palam Vihar, Nr. Metro Hospital, Gurugram - 122017, Haryana
3. PROJECT DURATION: Six months

4. OPERATIONAL DETAILS:

The proposed activities shall be undertaken in the most affected areas of Khurda and Puri
Districts – Delanga, Balianta, Konark, Kanas, Satyabadi, Brahmagiri, Krushnaprasad, Chilika,
Bhusandpur and Bhubaneswar as well as Puri urban slums with around 1 million populations.

5. THE CONTEXT

A low-pressure area was formed over east equatorial Indian Ocean (EIO) and adjoining
southeast of Bay of Bengal (BoB) on 25.04.2019 intensifying into a Severe Cyclonic Storm over
southeast & adjoining southwest BoB. It further intensified into Extremely Severe Cyclonic
Storm ‘FANI’ over west central & adjoining southwest of Bay of Bengal on 01.05.2019 hitting
one of the poorest coastal states of India - Odisha. The Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm ‘FANI’
made landfall on the Odisha Coast south of Puri on 3 May, 2019 and the eye of the system was
completely moved into land by 1000 hrs at the wind speed of 175-185, gusting up to 205 kmph.
Efforts made/ Resources mobilized by State Government of Odisha along with NGOs and other
agencies have successfully evacuated more than One million people to safer places in a record
time to save their life. However, the strong wind of more than 200 km /hr has caused extensive
damage to the infrastructure and people’s assets, such as water supply, electricity and the
weak houses of the poor rural and urban communities. The lifeline of the state including the
state capital is still under darkness with electricity, Internet and communication line cut off
completely.
The death toll has risen to 50 as per the media reports, however, the state government
acknowledges only 29. A large number of cattle are lost and the heavy wind and rain damaged
the kharif crop, vegetable cultivation and cash crops too. The horticulture is worst affected, the
riping mangoes have fallen off and the crop is almost destroyed causing a severe setback to the
economy. The internal road blockades are still a major challenge to fasten the relief and
rehabilitation operations. The devastating cyclone has shaken the backbone of coastal Odisha
and killed the hope and dreams of people in rural as well as urban slums.
The cyclone has damaged almost all the kuccha houses, polythene roofed houses, tin and
asbestos roofed houses in the area and made more than 60% families homeless. The major
source of income from coconut orchards has been devastated making more than 35% people
out of their livelihoods. The most vulnerable section of the affected community includes the
women, the children, the elderly people and the persons with disability.
Sanitary and hygiene conditions are extremely poor in the affected slums as toilets have been
collapsed and damaged. Drinking water sources have been heavily contaminated; even the
village ponds have fallen trees, debris and dead aquatics. Families have lost their household
belongings (clothes, utensils, food grains etc) under the collapsed structures, Children have lost
their study materials and their books, notebooks, pen, and pencils have been crushed into
pieces. They have been deprived of food and drinking water since days. Families have lost their
clothes, their accessories including bed, bed sheets, furniture and others and are living in the
debris of their own assets. The state and district administration along with local civil society and
panchayatiraj institutions have been able to get some 1.1 million people evacuated soon after
the warning was made by the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) and prior to the land
fall of Cyclone FANI. The massive evacuation was possible due to the improved community
awareness created over the years of effort by the government and non government

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humanitarian agencies backed by robust systems and processes put in place to evacuate and
providing temporary shelters in some 850 Multi Purpose Cyclone Shelters ( MPCS) built during
last twenty years with investments coming from the state as well as the civil society. Now soon
after the cyclone when the evacuated people begin to return to their houses they are finding
the huge devastation and los of almost everything. They could save their lives (that is
important) but they seem to have lost the means to live. They had released the livestock while
evacuating hoping the animals will find their own safe place to survive. Now on return to their
homes they begin scrambling to search their livestock dead or alive.
The affected people are yet to receive dry foods, sufficient drinking water, immediate survival
kits, sanitation aids, first aid etc. from the government. The restoration work by the
government has delayed in delivering the minimum survival requirements of the people. Also,
the food provided through community shelters/ kitchen is not sufficient.
The government response:
• Free kitchen extended for another 15 days, most kitchens running the MPCSs.
• The State Government announced the rehabilitation package for the cyclone victims.
The beneficiaries will get INR 95,100 for fully damaged houses under rural housing
schemes. Similarly the families having partially damaged houses will get INR 5,200 and
INR 3,200 for nominal repair
• The affected families in Puri and Khurda districts will get 50 Kg rice, INR 2000/- and a
polythene each
• Additional one-month pension to the beneficiaries in the affected areas under Social
Security Scheme

6. PROBLEMS AND NEEDS
More than 10 million people are affected including the urban centres like Puri, Bhubaneswar
(State Capital) and Khorda. These people and many more outside the camps, are still in need of
food, drinking water, cloths, medicines, personal hygiene material, bedding material, kitchen
utensils, interim shelter and so on. Families, returning to their houses, face mammoth
challenge of clearing sand, silt and slush deposited inside the houses and around. Such families
need immediate support to renovate their houses to make them habitable. Many families,
number yet to be ascertained, will need support to repair or reconstruct their houses.
Thousands of families will also need support to revive their livelihood, particularly those
belonging to informal sector.
Besides affecting Odisha’s agricultural sector, the devastating FANI Cyclone has dented the
State’s animal husbandry and dairy sector. In Pipili Block of the Puri district, approximately
750,000 poultry birds have been perished. The loss occurred at a time when the State is trying
to maintain sustainability in the production of milk, livestock and poultry. Moreover, heavy
losses also occurred in fisheries stocks, including ornamental, rearing and nuclear breeding
stock of fishes and hatcheries. However, the massive death of the poultry birds has laid another
challenge for health and hygiene. The birds are gradually decaying and the possibility of air-
pollution is increasing day-by-day. Debris removal is turning out to be massive task before even
conducting a rapid assessment. Meanwhile, the rain water over-drowning the dead-birds have
made the water bodies contaminated – the water bodies on which the people are dependant
for drinking and other water needs. This is s serious blow to the health-eco-system of more
than one million people in the Block.
The situation has been traumatic for the affected population both in urban and rural areas.

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There is a need to provide psychosocial care to them. Likewise, given this unprecedented
disaster, there is also an urgent need to work on disaster preparedness in full vigour. The
problems and needs could be summarised as under:
• Death toll rises to 50, however, government sources reported 29 life claims; • 5244
primary, 547 upper primary, 180 high schools and 1031 public health institutions were
damaged
• One lac 56 thousand of electric poles are damaged in the state as per the primary
assessment
• Scarcity of water and food are still major challenges in the rural and urban slums after
72 hours of FANI
• Thousand hectors of Kharif crop, Rubber plantation, ground nuts, betel field, coconut
garden and vegetables are lost affecting over lacs of farmers
• Though the national and state high ways are cleared for communication but internal
road blockade is still a challenge for relief operation
• Administration can’t able to reach all the affected rural areas after 72 hours due to road
blockade
• Electricity, water supply, telecommunication and food scarcity are major challenges in
the worst affected villages and urban slums in Bhubaneswar, Khuordha and Puri districts
• Damage assessments are yet to be done
• Heavy loss of live stock, crop, household daily needs worsen the situation
• Fear of break out of epidemics due to heavy animal loss and waste disposal. Around 7.5
lakhs poultry birds have perished in the Pipili area of Puri district only which has
contaminated all the water bodies with heavy stench, and posing a serious risk of
outbreak of epidemics
• Community based psychosocial care is a very critical need

7. The HAI response
HAI has started responding to the situation through coordination with its local member
organisations CYSD, Udyama and others. In collaboration with Tata Trusts, HAI and its member
CYSD have installed a water purification unit in the CYSD campus, which treats water up to
3,000 litres per hour. Potable water is being carried to the affected areas for distribution. HAI is
also initiating distribution of temporary shelter material and dignity kit for women in the
affected areas. A medical team is also being deployed.
The state needs medium to longer-term support to rebuild, reconstruct and revive its economy.
HAI aims to complement that effort by raising necessary resources through this appeal.

8. PROPOSED RESPONSE
HAI and its member organisations will cover 20-25 villages from the districts of Bhubaneswar,
Puri, Khurda, Kendrapara and Chilka in Ganjam. List of villages will be finalised in due course, in
consultation with the district authorities and after second round (Phase 2) of the assessment.

Target population, areas and sectors
District Name of the village No. of households
Bhubaneswar 1500 HHs
Puri 1500 HHS
Khurda 1000HHs

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Kendrapara 500 HHs
Chilka 1500 HHS
More areas will be covered based on the forthcoming resource and emerging
new flood situation.
Note: Situation and needs are changing quite rapidly. To keep the targeting appropriate, last
minute changes may be made, which will be adequately informed to the donor.

Objectives
• To restore normalcy in the lives of 6,000 worst affected families by providing essential
food and non-food items support
• To help recover and rehabilitate 6,000 families through renovation, reconstruction and
livelihood revival support
• To undertake trauma counselling and disaster preparedness activities in the target
villages to reduce vulnerability and strengthen resilience
• To prevent outbreak of secondary disasters, i.e., outbreak of epidemics in the districts of
Puri, Khorda, Kendrapara and Ganjam

Planned Intervention
Following activities have been planned:
• Provide drinking water to at least 6,000 affected families
• Complementary food support for 10 days to at least 1,000 families
• Provide temporary shelter material to at least 3,000 families. This will consist of a
minimum of 5 plastic sheets per family. Sheets should be lightweight, foldable, with
cloth lining if possible and with anchor holes and accompanying ropes for tying purpose
• Provide dignity kit to at least 3,000 women. Each kit will consist of washing soaps 2,
bathing soap 2, Safety pin, comb 1, panties - 1 large & 1 medium, sanitary napkins 4
packets, match box & candle, thread & needle, 6 hair oil sachets, 6 sachets shampoo
and nylon rope,
• Household kit to at least 1,000 families
• Education kit for 1,000 children
• Cash-for-work for at least 10 days for 500 people to restore community infrastructure,
cleaning of water bodies, etc.
• Livelihood revival support to at least 500 families
• Setting up of an information centre to assist target families to access their claims from
the state
• Strengthening the existing health committees and supporting health surveillance system
to check on possible epidemics.
• Massive health awareness campaigns and health care camps
• Cleanliness camps and village cleaning
• Training of 100 volunteers on disposing off the dead birds and animals, cleaning water
bodies and other contaminated areas
• Renovation of water bodies
• Installation of water ATMs in 5 locations
• Distribution of sanitation kit at the household level
• Distribution of dignity kit to women
• Psychosocial care programme in the worst affected villages; under this activity village

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level government and non government front line workers will also be trained on
psychosocial care

Implementation methodology
The situation is still chaotic for undertaking a detailed assessment. HAI with its partner member
agencies will undertake assessment and a targeted selection of the villages shall be done in
consultation with the state and the district authorities.
HAI is one of the leading agencies working on localisation. Odisha cyclone response will be one
opportunity for the signatories on Grand Bargain (GB) and Charter for Change (C4C) to
demonstrate delivery on the commitments. HAI will constantly disseminate information on the
GB and C4C commitments so that local organisations of Odisha can remain on the forefront of
the operation while having better access to funds.
HAI, through its member organisation, will make sure that the entire humanitarian cycle gets
completed with adequate thrust on recovery and rehabilitation. HAI will strive for multiyear
financing so that a humanitarian-development nexus could be established to systematically
address to mitigate risks and strengthen resilience.
HAI firmly believe that the state is the primary duty bearer. All activities shall be implemented
accordingly in consultation and coordination with the district and state authorities.

Accountability
HAI maintains high level of accountability across all its programmes. All the stakeholders are
informed about the available resources. Decisions, including identification of beneficiaries, are
done in consultation with the families. Two-way communication shall be established from the
very beginning to ensure Accountability to the Affected Population (AAP), and also receive
feedback/complaints and suggestions from the beneficiary families.
HAI will try promoting innovation and use of technology for better assessment and
accountability.
HAI will equally highlight role of its donors and member organisations in all of its media
communications.
Visibility
Adequate visibility will be provided to all resource partners throughout the implementation.
The beneficiary families will also be separately briefed about them. HAI will acknowledge and
highlight support of all resource partners on its social media pages, as well as situation reports
and media reports.

Monitoring plan
Monitoring will remain the responsibility of HAI. Since the needs change quite rapidly in a
disaster context, a real time evaluation has also been proposed to make necessary
amendments in the implementation strategy and the interventions.

9. About HAI - the proposed project holder
HAI is a not for profit organization under the Indian Trusts Act, founded by a team of
humanitarian and development professionals with a collective global experience of over 300

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years. The organizational purpose is to establish a global aid institution founded and
headquartered in India to extend effective and efficient humanitarian assistance and invest in
sustainable and resilient development to eradicate poverty and hunger.
HAI works primarily through the member organisations of its platform. The HAI secretariat
provides complementary support to its member organisations, and takes full responsibility of
compliance and accountability to its donors and other stakeholders.
We do not do projects in isolation, but in wider collaboration with government and other civil
society actors. Our relief efforts are linked to rehabilitation and future development, sowing
seeds for a durable solution right from the start. All the members of HAI have commitment to
adhere with utmost standards of quality and accountability. HAI members are equally
accountable to every single donor.
At global level, HAI works closely with UN agencies and other international organisations and
networks, including Grand Bargain, Agenda for Humanity and Charter for Change. HAI is a
member of the coordination group of Charter for Change and also one of the founders of a
global humanitarian advocacy network, called Alliance for Empowering Partnerships (A4EP).
HAI is also member of the Membership Committee of Start Network.

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11. Budget:

Budget head Type of Unit No. 0f Unts Unit Cost Budget in INR

A. Programme Cost

Dignity kit for women, 250 women fro Women 6250 400 25,00,000
^m 25 villages
Shelter kit Family 1000 1,670 16,70,000
Cooking kit Family 1000 1,675 16,75,000
Supplementary food for children Children 2000 195 3,90,000
Health camps in a minimum of 25
villages camp 25 50,000 12,50,000
Cost of medicines Lump sum 1 1,50,000 1,50,000
Sanitation kit to 100 households in each
of 25 villages Family 2500 1,000 25,00,000
Psychosocial care programme Village 15 10,000 1,50,000
Cleaning of ponds Pond 50 5,000 2,50,000
Cleaning of wells Well 1000 1,000 10,00,000
Water ATMs ATM 5 2,00,000 10,00,000
Sanitation material (bleaching powder,
gumboots, gloves, masks, ointments etc.) Lump sum 1 1,00,000 1,00,000
Cash for work for restoration of
community infrastructure for 1,000
persons @ 10 days each Days 10000 182 18,20,000
SUB TOTAL 1,44,55,000
Month 0 - -
B: Programme support cost
Salary for Relief Coordinator Month 6 30,000 1,80,000
25% salary of Accountant Month 6 15,000 90,000
Honorarium to 10 field volunteers @
10000 each Month 6 1,00,000 6,00,000
postage, stationery, mobile phones etc. Month 6 10,000 60,000
Local warehouse, transporta and
packaging Lump sum 1 1,60,000 1,60,000
Local travel Months 6 50,000 3,00,000
SUB TOTAL: 13,90,000

C: ADMINISTRATIVE COST (HAI):


10% salary of the CEO Months 6 30,000 1,80,000
15% salary of the finance officer Months 6 15,000 90,000
Monitoring cost Lump sum 1 60,000 60,000
Real time evaluation Lump sum 1 60,000 60,000
Audit Lump sum 1 50,000 50,000
SUB TOTAL: 4,40,000
Total of A+B+C 1,62,85,000
Overhead cost 8,14,250
TOTAL BUDGET 1,70,99,250
Or lump sum 1,71,00,000
TOTAL REQUIREMENT 1,71,00,000