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Analytical Text 1

In Australia there are three levels of governments, the federal government, state governments and local
governments. All of these levels of government are necessary. This is so for number of reasons. First, the
federal government is necessary for the big things. They keep the economy in order and look after like
defensE. Similarly, the state governments look after the middle sized things. For example they look after
law and order, preventing things like vandalism in school. Finally, local government look after the small
thins. They look after things like collecting rubbish, otherwise everyone would have diseasE. Thus for the
reason above, we can conclude that the three levels of the government are necessary.

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Di Australia ada tiga tingkat pemerintahan, pemerintah federal, pemerintah negara bagian dan
pemerintah lokal. Semua tingkat pemerintahan ini diperlukan. Ini karena sejumlah alasan. Pertama,
pemerintah federal diperlukan untuk hal-hal besar. Mereka menjaga perekonomian dalam rangka dan
menjaga seperti defensE. Demikian pula, pemerintah negara bagian menjaga hal-hal berukuran
menengah. Misalnya mereka menjaga hukum dan ketertiban, mencegah hal-hal seperti vandalisme di
sekolah. Akhirnya, pemerintah daerah mengurus mereka yang kurus. Mereka mengurus hal-hal seperti
mengumpulkan sampah, jika tidak semua orang akan mengalami gangguan. Dengan demikian untuk
alasan di atas, kita dapat menyimpulkan bahwa tiga tingkat pemerintahan diperlukan.

1. What kind of text is this?

A. Analytical Exposition

B. Report

C. Hortatory Exposition

D. Explanation Text

E. Descriptive text

2. Who is responsible for defense?

A. Federal government

B. State Government

C. Federal and State Government

D. Federal and Local Government


E. Local Government

3. The litter management is the responsibility of ….

A. all governments

B. Australia

C. Federal government

D. State governement

E. Local government

Analytical Text 2

There is no best way to deal with pests in agriculturE. Pesticides which are commonly used may cause
many problems. I think combining different management operations is the most effective way to control
pests.

Firstly, the chemicals in the pesticides may build up as residues in the environment and in the soil which
absorbs the chemicals. This reduces the quality of farm product.

Secondly, pests can gradually become resistant to pesticides. This means that newer and stronger ones
have to be developed.

Lastly, some pesticides affect non target plants and animals such as fish and bees. This affects the
ecology and environment as well.

So, understanding of ecology of an area helps a lot in pest control. Pesticides should be chosen and
applied carefully so that they don’t affect the ecological balance and environment.

Therefore, integrated pest management is a safe and more effective option to fight pest in agriculture
and livestock.

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Tidak ada cara terbaik untuk menangani hama di pertanian. Pestisida yang umum digunakan dapat
menyebabkan banyak masalah. Saya pikir menggabungkan operasi manajemen yang berbeda adalah
cara yang paling efektif untuk mengendalikan hama.

Pertama, bahan kimia dalam pestisida dapat terbentuk sebagai residu di lingkungan dan di tanah yang
menyerap bahan kimia. Ini mengurangi kualitas produk pertanian.

Kedua, hama bisa secara bertahap menjadi kebal terhadap pestisida. Ini berarti bahwa yang lebih baru
dan lebih kuat harus dikembangkan.

Terakhir, beberapa pestisida mempengaruhi tanaman dan hewan non target seperti ikan dan lebah. Ini
mempengaruhi ekologi dan lingkungan juga.

Jadi, pemahaman ekologi suatu area sangat membantu dalam pengendalian hama. Pestisida harus
dipilih dan diterapkan dengan hati-hati agar tidak mempengaruhi keseimbangan ekologi dan lingkungan.

Oleh karena itu, pengelolaan hama terpadu adalah pilihan yang aman dan lebih efektif untuk melawan
hama di bidang pertanian dan peternakan.

4. Which of the following is not directly affected by pesticides used?

A. Plants

B. Ecology

C. Animals.

D. Environment.

E. Human Beings

5. What can you say about paragraph two and four?

A. The fourth paragraph supports the idea stated in paragraph two.

B. Both paragraphs tell about the disadvantages of using pesticides.

C. Both paragraphs tell about how pesticides affect the quality of farm products.

D. The statement in paragraph is contrary to the statement in paragraph four.

E. The second paragraph tells about the effects of using pesticides on animals mentioned in paragraph
four.
6. One of the disadvantages of using chemical pesticides is …

A. killing fish and bees.

B. increasing crops productivity.

C. creating balanced ecosystem.

D. causing the pests to become inactive

E. helping reduce pollutants in the environment.

7. Secondly, pests can gradually become resistant to pesticides. (paragraph 3). The word resistant in the
sentence above means …

A. weak

B. fragile

C. damage

D. unaffected

E. unbalanced

Analytical Text 3

As we all know, cars create pollution, and cause a lot of road deaths and other accidents.

Firstly, cars, as we all know contribute the most of pollution in the world. Cars emit a deadly gas causes
illnesses such as bronchitis, lung cancer, and trigger of asthmA. Some of these illness are so bad that
people can die from them.

Secondly, the city is very busy. Pedestrians wander every where and cars commonly hit pedestrians in
the city, which causes them to diE. Cars today are our roads biggest killers.

Thirdly, cars are very noisy. If you live in the city, you may find it hard to sleep at night, or concentrate in
your homework, and especially talk to someonE.

In conclusion, cars should be banned from the city for the reasons listed.
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Seperti yang kita semua tahu, mobil menciptakan polusi, dan menyebabkan banyak kematian di jalan
dan kecelakaan lainnya.

Pertama, mobil, seperti yang kita semua tahu berkontribusi paling banyak polusi di dunia. Mobil
mengeluarkan gas mematikan yang menyebabkan penyakit seperti bronkitis, kanker paru-paru, dan
pemicu asthmA. Beberapa penyakit ini sangat buruk sehingga orang bisa mati karenanya.

Kedua, kota ini sangat sibuk. Pejalan kaki mengembara ke mana-mana dan mobil-mobil umumnya
menyerang pejalan kaki di kota, yang menyebabkan mereka harus mati. Mobil saat ini adalah pembunuh
terbesar jalan kita.

Ketiga, mobil sangat berisik. Jika Anda tinggal di kota, Anda mungkin merasa sulit untuk tidur di malam
hari, atau berkonsentrasi dalam pekerjaan rumah Anda, dan terutama berbicara dengan orang lain.

Kesimpulannya, mobil harus dilarang dari kota karena alasan yang tercantum.

8. What type of the text above?

A. Narrative.

B. Report.

C. Analytical.

D. Explanation.

E. Description.

9. What one of the diseases caused by pollution?

A. HIV / AIDS

B. Bronchitis

C. Liver

D. Fever

E. Cholera
9. What tense is mostly used in the text?

A. Past tense

B. Simple present tense

C. Simple perfect tense

D. Present continuous tense

E. Past continuous tense

10. We usually call the last paragraph as………

A. Resolution

B. Reiteration

C. Conclusion

D. Recommendation

E. Twist

11. What is the purpose of the text?

A. to persuade reader about the Cars Should Be Banned In The City

B. to explain the characteristics the Cars Should Be Banned In The City

C. to inform readers about Cars Should Be Banned In The City

D. to describe Cars Should Be Banned In The City

E. to entertain readers about Cars Should Be Banned In The City

12. The following sentences are true, except …

A. the cars contribute the most of pollution in the worlD.

B. the cars are very noisy.

C. the cars can also cause many deaths and other road accidents.
D. the car cans accelerate the transport.

E. the cars today are our roads biggest killers.

13. What the title text above?

A. Cars should be banned in the city

B. Cars cause pollution.

C. Car giant killer street.

D. Car facilitate transportation.

E. Cars cause noise of the city.

Analytical Text 4

I strongly believe that mobile phones are necessary. My reasons for this belief are that these phones are
convenient for business people who travel a lot, and they are handy for emergencies.

To begin with, mobile phones are necessary in the case of emergencies. For instance, if you fall down a
set of stairs in a building and are badly injured and can’t reach a pay phone, it is handy to have one to
use. Or, if your car breaks down in the middle of the night in a strange neighbourhood, it would be
dangerous to leave it in search of a public phone booth.

My other main reason is that mobile phones are convenient for business people. For example, if you are
out of the state or even overseas and you have to contact a client to do some important work, it is useful
to have one to use. By using a mobile phone, important information can be received. People can’t stay in
an office all day waiting for their phone to ring. Some people have to go and do jobs or they will go out
of business. You can even send faxes or messages and use the internet with your mobile.

In conclusion, I believe that mobile phones have now become a necessary part of every day life. Instant
communication will ensure that information can be passed on with a simple press of a button. Whether
this is to do with business or personal information or emergencies, it goes to show that they are
necessary in the new millennium.

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Saya sangat percaya bahwa ponsel diperlukan. Alasan saya untuk keyakinan ini adalah bahwa telepon ini
nyaman bagi orang-orang bisnis yang sering bepergian, dan mereka praktis untuk keadaan darurat.

Untuk mulai dengan, ponsel diperlukan dalam kasus darurat. Misalnya, jika Anda jatuh dari tangga di
gedung dan terluka parah dan tidak dapat mencapai telepon umum, Anda dapat menggunakannya. Atau,
jika mobil Anda rusak di tengah malam di lingkungan yang aneh, akan berbahaya jika meninggalkannya
untuk mencari bilik telepon umum.

Alasan utama saya yang lain adalah bahwa ponsel nyaman bagi orang-orang bisnis. Misalnya, jika Anda
keluar dari negara bagian atau bahkan di luar negeri dan Anda harus menghubungi klien untuk
melakukan beberapa pekerjaan penting, ada gunanya memiliki satu untuk digunakan. Dengan
menggunakan ponsel, informasi penting dapat diterima. Orang-orang tidak dapat tinggal di kantor
sepanjang hari menunggu telepon berdering. Beberapa orang harus pergi dan melakukan pekerjaan atau
mereka akan keluar dari bisnis. Anda bahkan dapat mengirim faks atau pesan dan menggunakan internet
dengan ponsel Anda.

Kesimpulannya, saya percaya bahwa ponsel kini telah menjadi bagian penting dari kehidupan sehari-hari.
Komunikasi instan akan memastikan bahwa informasi dapat diteruskan dengan menekan satu tombol.
Apakah ini berkaitan dengan informasi bisnis atau pribadi atau keadaan darurat, itu menunjukkan bahwa
mereka diperlukan dalam milenium baru.

14. How many reasons are used to support the writer’s opinion?

A. One reason

B. Two reasons

C. Three reasons

D. Four reasons

E. Five reasons

15. Why are mobile phones very convenient for bussines people?

A. They can contact clients

B. They can do some important works

C. They can receive some important information

D. They can send some data and surf Internet

E. They can run bussines by staying in and out office


16. What is the main idea of the second parragraph?

A. The advantages cellular phones during the emergencies

B. The solution to do when your car breaks down

C. The danger to leave a mobile phone in the car

D. The differences of a mobile phone and a pay phone

E. The necessary equipments among neighbours

Analytical Text 5

Everybody should change their way of life to reduce global warming. There are several things that we can
do. One of them is by buying and consuming fresh local groceries as much as possiblE. It of course
includes local vegetables, fruits, bread, etC.

Local groceries don’t need much transportation to get it into the market. It of course means, the amount
of carbon dioxide produced is less than the groceries from other region. Therefore, by buying local
groceries we are helping reduce the amount of carbon dioxide produceD.

Consuming fresh groceries instead of frozen ones are healthier for us. Furthermore, fresh food or
groceries means no requirements for it to be freeze up. It means that no electricity is needed and saving
energy means reducing carbon dioxide and money.

So, from now on we should consume fresh local groceries to reduce global warming.

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Setiap orang harus mengubah cara hidup mereka untuk mengurangi pemanasan global. Ada beberapa
hal yang bisa kita lakukan. Salah satunya adalah dengan membeli dan mengkonsumsi bahan makanan
lokal segar sebanyak mungkin. Ini tentu saja termasuk sayuran lokal, buah-buahan, roti, etc.

Bahan makanan lokal tidak membutuhkan banyak transportasi untuk membawanya ke pasar. Ini tentu
saja berarti, jumlah karbon dioksida yang dihasilkan kurang dari belanjaan dari daerah lain. Oleh karena
itu, dengan membeli bahan makanan lokal kami membantu mengurangi jumlah produksi karbon
dioksida.
Mengkonsumsi bahan makanan segar daripada yang beku lebih sehat bagi kita. Selain itu, makanan
segar atau bahan makanan berarti tidak ada persyaratan untuk dibekukan. Ini berarti bahwa tidak ada
listrik yang diperlukan dan penghematan energi berarti mengurangi karbon dioksida dan uang.

Jadi, mulai sekarang kita harus mengkonsumsi bahan makanan lokal segar untuk mengurangi pemanasan
global.

17. The text gives us information about …. …

A. The ways to minimize global warning

B. The ways to increase global warning

C. The effects of global warning

D. The importance of consuming local groceries

E. The importance of knowing global warning

18. To reduce the global warming we should ….

A. Buy import product

B. Buy expensive clothes

C. Consume frozen foods

D. Consume fresh foods

E. Not use electricity efficiently

19. We are helping reduce the amount of global warming” (Paragraph 2) The reduce word can be
replaced by ….

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. Improve

D. Add

E. Maximize
Analytical Text 6

The use of formalin and other dangerous preservatives in food has been serious problem for three
reasons. Firstly, formalin is not for human beings, but it is for biological specimens and experiments.
Formalin in Biology is a 10% solution of formaldehyde in water which is usually used as a disinfectant or
to preserve biological specimens. Thus, it is not for food preservatives. Of course when it is used for food
preservative, it will be very dangerous to human’s body.

The second reason is that there is no tight control from the government. This condition makes the
people’s health is really in a threat. When the control is weak and the use formalin was spread wide all
over the Indonesian regions, and these days it has really happened, the citizen’s bodies will be badly
contaminated with the poisons. Fish or food traders still sell their products which contain formalin and
dangerous preservatives. Can you imagine that our digestive system absorbs the substance that should
be for the human and animal corpses?

Considering the reasons, we can make a conclusion that the use of formalin and other preservatives is
really a serious problem if it is not resolved immediately.

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Penggunaan formalin dan pengawet berbahaya lainnya dalam makanan telah menjadi masalah serius
karena tiga alasan. Pertama, formalin bukan untuk manusia, tetapi untuk spesimen dan eksperimen
biologi. Formalin dalam Biologi adalah larutan formaldehida 10% dalam air yang biasanya digunakan
sebagai disinfektan atau untuk mengawetkan spesimen biologis. Jadi, itu bukan untuk pengawet
makanan. Tentu saja jika digunakan untuk pengawet makanan, itu akan sangat berbahaya bagi tubuh
manusia.

Alasan kedua adalah tidak ada kontrol ketat dari pemerintah. Kondisi ini membuat kesehatan masyarakat
benar-benar dalam ancaman. Ketika kontrol lemah dan penggunaan formalin tersebar luas di seluruh
wilayah Indonesia, dan hari-hari ini benar-benar terjadi, tubuh warga akan sangat terkontaminasi dengan
racun. Ikan atau pedagang makanan masih menjual produk mereka yang mengandung pengawet
formalin dan berbahaya. Dapatkah Anda membayangkan bahwa sistem pencernaan kita menyerap zat
yang seharusnya untuk tubuh manusia dan hewan?

Mempertimbangkan alasannya, kita dapat membuat kesimpulan bahwa penggunaan formalin dan bahan
pengawet lainnya benar-benar masalah serius jika tidak segera diselesaikan.

20. Why is formalin dangerous for human`s body?

A. It is not food preservatives


B. It is a disinfectant for human beings

C. It is used to preserve biological specimens

D. It is 10% solution of formaldehyde in water

E. It is controlled flighty from the government

21. The main idea of paragraph two is ….

A. The human`s bodies will be harmful after consuming the formalin

B. The government has not controlled the use of formalin firmly

C. The weak control of using formalin is not threatening the human

D. The human`s bodies will be harmful after consuming the formalin

E. The use of formalin is known all over the regions

22. Based on the facts above, the writer suggest that … .

A. People have to avoid consuming formalin in their food

B. The use of formal dehyde is necessary to control the food

C. People should add 100% solution of formaldehyde in water

D. The food preservative is required to make the food delicious

E. Food seller is supposed to pour formalin for vegetables and food products

23. What is the generic structure of the text?

A. Arguments-Recommendation-Thesis

B. Thesis-Argument-Recommendation

C. Thesis-Argument-Reiteration

D. Thesis-Supporting Points-Contrasting Points-Reiteration

E. Reiteration-Arguments-Thesis
Analytical Text 6

I personally think that reading is a very important activity in our life. Why do I say so? Firstly, by reading
we can get a lot of knowledge about many things in the world such as Science, technology. Sports, arts,
culture, etc written in either books, magazine, newspaper, etc.

Secondly, by reading we can get a lot of news and information about something happening in any parts
of the world which can we see directly.

Another reason, reading can give us pleasure too. When we are tired, we read books, newspaper or
magazine on the entertainment coloumn such as comedy, short story, quiz, etC. To make us relaxeD.

The last, reading can also take us to other parts of the worlD. By reading a book about Irian Jaya we may
feel we’re really sitting in the jungles not at home in our rooms.

From the facts above, it’s obvious that everyone needs to read to get knowledge, information and also
entertainment. Or in summary we can say reading is truly important in our lifE.

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Saya pribadi berpikir bahwa membaca adalah kegiatan yang sangat penting dalam kehidupan kita.
Mengapa saya berkata demikian? Pertama, dengan membaca kita bisa mendapat banyak pengetahuan
tentang banyak hal di dunia seperti Sains, teknologi. Olahraga, seni, budaya, dll yang ditulis dalam buku,
majalah, surat kabar, dll.

Kedua, dengan membaca kita bisa mendapatkan banyak berita dan informasi tentang sesuatu yang
terjadi di belahan dunia mana pun yang dapat kita lihat secara langsung.

Alasan lain, membaca bisa memberi kita kesenangan juga. Ketika kita lelah, kita membaca buku, koran
atau majalah di kolom hiburan seperti komedi, cerita pendek, kuis, dan lain-lain. Untuk membuat kita
rileks.

Terakhir, membaca juga dapat membawa kita ke bagian lain dari dunia. Dengan membaca buku tentang
Irian Jaya, kami mungkin merasa kami benar-benar duduk di hutan dan tidak di rumah di kamar kami.

Dari fakta-fakta di atas, jelas bahwa setiap orang perlu membaca untuk mendapatkan pengetahuan,
informasi, dan juga hiburan. Atau secara ringkas kita dapat mengatakan bahwa membaca benar-benar
penting dalam kehidupan kita.

24. Why is reading very important in our life? Because…..


A. By reading, we can get a lot of friends, relatives, experience, etc.

B. By reading, we can get little knowledge but a lot of entertainment.

C. By reading, we are always relaxed.

D. By reading, we are always happy.

E. By reading we can get a lot of knowledge, news, information and entertainment

25. If we want to get knowledge, what should we do?

A. buy a lot of books

B. borrow a lot of books

C. look for newspaper and magazine

D. sell and buy many expensive books

E. Read a lot of books and other printed materials.

26. What does the text tell us about?

A. The description of reading

B. The function of reading

C. The importance of reading

D. The disadvantages of reading

E. The purpose of reading

27. What is the social function of the text?

A. To tell a story

B. To describe the reader

C. To entertain the reader

D. To give information
E. To persuade the reader

28. Paragraph ………… n the text is the thesis of the text.

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. 4

E. 5

Analytical Text 7

Learning English through music and songs can be very enjoyablE. You can mix pleasure with learning
when you listen to a song and exploit the song as a means to your English progress. Some underlying
reason can be drawn to support the idea why we use songs in language learning.

Firstly, “the song stuck in my head” Phenomenon (the echoing in our minds of the last song we heard
after leaving a restaurant, shopping malls, etc) can be both enjoyable and sometimes unnerving. This
phenomenon also seems to reinforce the idea that songs work on our short-and-long term memory.

Secondly, songs in general also use simple conversational language, with a lot of repetition, which is just
what many learners look for sample text. The fact that they are effective makes them many times more
motivating than other text. Although usually simple, some songs can be quite complex syntactically,
lexically and poetically, and can be analyzed in the same way as any other literary samplE.

Furthermore, song can be appropriated by listener for their own purposE. Most pop songs and probably
many other types don’t have precise people, place or time referencE.

In addition, songs are relaxing. They provide variety and fun, and encourage harmony within oneself and
within one group. Little wonder they are important tools in sustaining culture, religion, patriotism and
yeas, even revolution.

Last but not least, there are many learning activities we can do with songs such as studying grammar,
practicing selective listening comprehension, translating songs, learning vocabulary, spelling and culturE.

From the elaboration above, it can be concluded that learning through music and songs, learning English
can be enjoyable and fun.
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Belajar bahasa Inggris melalui musik dan lagu bisa sangat menyenangkan. Anda dapat mencampur
kesenangan dengan belajar ketika Anda mendengarkan lagu dan memanfaatkan lagu sebagai sarana
untuk kemajuan bahasa Inggris Anda. Beberapa alasan yang mendasari dapat ditarik untuk mendukung
gagasan mengapa kami menggunakan lagu dalam pembelajaran bahasa.

Pertama, “lagu itu tertancap di kepalaku” Fenomena (suara yang menggema di benak kami dari lagu
terakhir yang kami dengar setelah meninggalkan restoran, pusat perbelanjaan, dll) bisa menyenangkan
dan terkadang mengerikan. Fenomena ini juga tampaknya memperkuat gagasan bahwa lagu bekerja
pada ingatan jangka pendek dan panjang.

Kedua, lagu-lagu pada umumnya juga menggunakan bahasa percakapan sederhana, dengan banyak
pengulangan, yang hanya apa yang banyak siswa cari teks sampel. Fakta bahwa mereka efektif membuat
mereka berkali-kali lebih memotivasi daripada teks lainnya. Meskipun biasanya sederhana, beberapa
lagu dapat sangat kompleks secara sintaksis, leksikal dan puitis, dan dapat dianalisis dengan cara yang
sama seperti samplE sastra lainnya.

Selanjutnya, lagu dapat disesuaikan oleh pendengar untuk tujuan mereka sendiri. Sebagian besar lagu
pop dan mungkin banyak jenis lainnya tidak memiliki orang, tempat atau waktu referensi yang tepat.

Selain itu, lagu-lagu santai. Mereka memberikan variasi dan kesenangan, dan mendorong harmoni dalam
diri sendiri dan dalam satu grup. Tidak heran mereka adalah alat penting dalam mempertahankan
budaya, agama, patriotisme dan yeas, bahkan revolusi.

Last but not least, ada banyak kegiatan pembelajaran yang dapat kita lakukan dengan lagu-lagu seperti
mempelajari tata bahasa, melatih pemahaman mendengarkan yang selektif, menerjemahkan lagu,
belajar kosa kata, ejaan dan kultur.

Dari uraian di atas, dapat disimpulkan bahwa belajar melalui musik dan lagu, belajar bahasa Inggris
dapat menyenangkan dan menyenangkan.

29. The type of the text above is ………

A. Analytical exposition

B. Hortatory exposition

C. Narrative

D. Discussion

E. Explanation
30. What is the communicative purpose of the text?

A. To tell the reader about the songs

B. To entertain the reader with the songs

C. To show the reader the use of songs

D. To explain above the songs

E. To persuade the reader to use songs in learning language