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Straight Lines

Lecture - 2

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Sameer Chincholikar
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HomeWork Discussion
Example Let A(2, -3) and B(-2, 3) be vertices of a triangle ABC. If the centroid of this
triangle moves on the line 2x+ 3y = 1, then the locus of the vertex C is the
line
A. 3x - 2y = 3 B. 2x - 3y = 7 C. 3x + 2y = 5 D. 2x + 3y = 3
Inclination and Slope
Inclination and Slope
m=tan𝛉

θ
Inclination and Slope
Example:

What is the slope of a line whose inclination is:

A. 00

B. 450

C. 900

D. 1500
Example Find the slope of the line, which passes through origin, and the mid point
of the line segment joining the point (-13,4) and (7,2).
Example The gradient of the line joining the points on the curve y = x2 + 2x, whose
abscissae are 1 and 3 is
A. 6 B. 5 C. 4 D. 3
Condition of Collinearity
Condition of Collinearity of Points
Points A (x1,y1), B(x2,y2), C(x3,y3) are collinear if :

1
Condition of Collinearity of Points
Points A (x1,y1), B(x2,y2), C(x3,y3) are collinear if :

2
Condition of Collinearity of Points
Points A (x1,y1), B(x2,y2), C(x3,y3) are collinear if :

3 AC = AB + BC or AB ~ BC
Condition of Collinearity of Points
Points A (x1,y1), B(x2,y2), C(x3,y3) are collinear if :

4 A divides the line segment BC in some ratio.


Example Find the value of x for which the point (x,2) (1,3) and (-2,4) are collinear.
Example Find the value of a if the points (a, 2-2a), (1-a, 2a) and (-4-a, 6-2a) are collinear.
A. -1 B. 1/2 C. 1 D. -1/2
Straight Line
Definition

It is locus of a point such that slope is always constant.


Equation of Line in various Forms
Point-Slope form :

The equation of a straight line whose slope is m and which


passes through the point (x1,y1).
Two point form:

The equation of a straight line which passes through the point (x1,y1) &
(x2,y2)
Slope-Intercept form :

The equation of a straight line whose slope is m and which makes an


intercept c on the y-axis.
Example Find the equation of the line through the point A(1, -3) and making an
angle of 60º with the x-axis.
Example The vertices of PQR are P(2,1) Q(- 2,3) and R(1,6). Find the equation of
median through vertex P.
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