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ENGI 9625 Assignment 2

Environmental Impacts of Offshore Oil and Gas Operations (Memorial University Of


Newfoundland)

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MEMORIAL UNIVERSITY OF NEWFOUNDLAND


FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND APPLIED SCIENCE

ENGI 9625 Environmental Impacts of Offshore Oil and Gas Operations


Assignment #2 – Fall 2018

Due date: November 22, 2018

Question 1: (10)

Introduce the principles of air stripping and steam stripping, respectively. Then point out the
differences between them.

Question 2: (14)

Membranes used in produced water treatment are semi-permeable barriers with uniform pores
ranging from 0.1 nm – 1000 nm. Please identify in which stage(s) membrane treatment will be
applied. Popular membrane filtration techniques include microfiltration, ultrafiltration,
nanofiltration, and reverse osmosis. Please introduce the four techniques and provide a brief
comparison between them (e.g. pore size, material, the pressure required, and cost).

Question 3: (10)

Oil separation is an essential procedure in offshore oil and gas operations. Please illustrate the
tilted plate separator.

Question 4: (15)

How to define oil spill? How to clean up the spilled oil after a tank accident? What are harsh
environments prevailing in Newfoundland and Labrador that would hinder the application of oil
spill countermeasures?

Question 5: (15)

(1) Suppose that a 4 - month subchronic study was conducted in rats, the NOAEL and LOAEL
for the styrene were 460 mg/kg and 1300 mg/kg body weight per day, respectively. If each of the
adjustment factors is equal to 10, calculate the reference dose for this chemical. (2) If an adult

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has drunk water from a well contaminated by styrene for 25 years. The concentration of styrene
in the groundwater is 3.5 mg/L and RfD value is referred from the previous question. Calculate
the health risk of an adult for drinking the groundwater using the information below:
IR = 2.3 L/day, EF=330 days/365 days, and BW=70 kg.

Question 6: (12)

Sorbent materials are widely used in oil spill responses. What are the functions of sorbents as
part of response operations? What are the categories of sorbents based on their constituents?
What are the concerns when choosing sorbents for cleaning up oil spills?

Question 7: (12)

Where is the offshore produced water from? Produced water contaminants could be divided into
six groups. Please describe all of them using examples and details.

Question 8: (12)

What are the main functions of environmental legislations? Please give 4 examples of
regulations or acts related to petroleum waste management.

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