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Project Job Ref.

QF QF
Section Sheet no./rev.
DAR GROUP
1
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date

MS 09-Nov-106 AE IC

RC TWO WAY SLAB DESIGN TO ACI 318 – 05

y
lx x

½ Column strip

ly Middle strip

½ Column strip

½ Column strip Middle strip ½ Column strip

TWO-WAY SLAB PANEL

200 mm
Section at middle strip along X axis

Slab definition
Slab thickness; h = 150 mm
Span along x – dir; lx = 6000 mm
Span along y – dir; ly = 4000 mm
Long span to short span ratio less than 2, hence two-way slab
Clear cover to positive reinforcement; cc = 20 mm
Clear cover to negative reinforcement; c’c = 20 mm
Effective flanged beam section
Flange width; bf = 1000 mm
Beam depth; hb = 550 mm
Beam width; bw = 300 mm
Materials
Specified compressive strength of concrete; f’c = 35 MPa
Specified yield strength of reinforcement; fy = 415 MPa
Modulus of elasticity; ESACI = 199948MPa
Loads
2
Total factored ultimate load on slab; wu = 18.00 kN/m
Project Job Ref.

QF QF
Section Sheet no./rev.
DAR GROUP
2
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date

MS 09-Nov-106 AE IC

Check for the depth of slab provided


Clear span x – dir; lnx = lx - bw / 2 - bw / 2 = 5700 mm
Clear span y – dir; lny = ly - bw / 2 - bw / 2 = 3700 mm
Ratio;  = max(lnx, lny) / min(lnx, lny) = 1.541
Moment of inertia of beam; Ib = 6922916667 mm4
Moment of inertia of slab along x – axis; Isx = 1125000000 mm4
Moment of inertia of slab along y – axis; Isy = 1687500000 mm4
Flexural stiffness ratio along x – axis; fx = Ib / Isx = 6.154
Flexural stiffness ratio along y – axis; fy = Ib / Isy = 4.102
Average flexural stiffness ratio; fm = (fx × 2 + fy × 2) / 4 = 5.128
Minimum depth required; hmin = 125 mm
PASS - slab thickness provided is sufficient for deflection
Moment computation (x – direction)
Width of column strip (half); lcol_stp = min(0.25 × lx, 0.25 × ly) = 1000 mm
Width of middle strip; lmid_stp_x = ly - 2 × lcol_stp = 2000 mm
Factored moment; Mox = wu × ly × lnx2 / 8 = 292.41 kNm
Moment distribution for interior panel; M’ux = 0.65 × Mox = 190.07 kNm
Mux = 0.35 × Mox = 102.34 kNm
Moment distribution in column and middle strips
ly / lx = 0.67
fx × ly / lx = 4.10
Moment distribution factors; fx_neg = 0.85
fx_pos = 0.85
Total column strip design moments; M’x_col_stp = fx_neg × M’ux = 161.56 kNm
Mx_col_stp = fx_pos × Mux = 86.99 kNm
Column strip beam moments; M’x_beam = 137.32 kNm
Mx_beam = 73.94 kNm
Column strip slab moments; M’x_slab = M’x_col_stp - M’x_beam = 24.23 kNm
Mx_slab = Mx_col_stp - Mx_beam = 13.05 kNm
Total middle strip design moments; M’x_mid_stp = (1 - fx_neg) × M’ux = 28.51 kNm
Mx_mid_stp = (1 - fx_pos) × Mux = 15.35 kNm
Required flexural nominal strength in column strip per 1 m width of slab
M’nx_col = M’x_slab / (0.9 × (2 × lcol_stp - bf)) = 26.93 kNm/m
Mnx_col = Mx_slab / (0.9 × (2 × lcol_stp - bf)) = 14.50 kNm/m
Required flexural nominal strength in middle strip per 1 m width of slab
M’nx_mid = M’x_mid_stp / (0.9 × lmid_stp_x) = 15.84 kNm/m
Mnx_mid = Mx_mid_stp / (0.9 × lmid_stp_x) = 8.53 kNm/m
Moment computation (y – direction)
Width of column strip (half); lcol_stp = min(0.25 × lx, 0.25 × ly) = 1000 mm
Width of middle strip; lmid_stp_y = lx - 2 × lcol_stp = 4000 mm
Factored moment; Moy = wu × lx × lny2 / 8 = 184.82 kNm
Moment distribution for interior panel; M’uy = 0.65 × Moy = 120.13 kNm
Muy = 0.35 × Moy = 64.69 kNm
Moment distribution in column and middle strips
lx / ly = 1.50
fy × lx / ly = 6.15
Moment distribution factors; fy_neg = 0.60
Project Job Ref.

QF QF
Section Sheet no./rev.
DAR GROUP
3
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date

MS 09-Nov-106 AE IC

fy_pos = 0.60
Total column strip design moments; M’y_col_stp = fy_neg × M’uy = 72.08 kNm
My_col_stp = fy_pos × Muy = 38.81 kNm
Column strip beam moments; M’y_beam = 61.27 kNm
My_beam = 32.99 kNm
Column strip slab moments; M’y_slab = M’y_col_stp - M’y_beam = 10.81 kNm
My_slab = My_col_stp - My_beam = 5.82 kNm
Total middle strip design moments; M’y_mid_stp = (1 - fy_neg) × M’uy = 48.05 kNm
My_mid_stp = (1 - fy_pos) × Muy = 25.87 kNm
Required flexural nominal strength in column strip per 1 m width of slab
M’ny_col = M’y_slab / (0.9 × (2 × lcol_stp - bf)) = 12.01 kNm/m
Mny_col = My_slab / (0.9 × (2 × lcol_stp - bf)) = 6.47 kNm/m
Required flexural nominal strength in middle strip per 1 m width of slab
M’ny_mid = M’y_mid_stp / (0.9 × lmid_stp_y) = 13.35 kNm/m
Mny_mid = My_mid_stp / (0.9 × lmid_stp_y) = 7.19 kNm/m
Reinforcement calculations
Stress block depth factor; 1 = max(0.65, 0.85 - 0.05  (f'c - 28 MPa) / 7 MPa = 0.85
Reinforcement percentage at strain of 0.004; b = 0.85  1  f’c / fy  (0.003 / (0.003 + 0.004)) = 0.026
Maximum reinforcement percentage; max = b = 0.026
Column strip (x – direction)
Negative Reinforcement
Depth to negative steel; d’x_col = h - c’c - D’col_x / 2 = 124 mm
Flexural resistance factor; R’ux_col = M’nx_col / d’x_col2 = 1.77 MPa
Reinforcement required; ’reqx_col =0.85f’c/fy×[1-(abs(1-2×R’ux_col /(0.85×f’c)))] = 0.00439
Outer compression steel not required
A’sx_req_col = ’reqx_col × d’x_col = 542 mm /m
2
Area of tension steel required;
Minimum area of tension steel required; A’sx_min_col = max(1.4 MPa×d’x_col/fy,(f’c/1 MPa)×d’x_col1 MPa/(fy  4))
A’sx_min_col = 440 mm2/m
Maximum area of tension steel; A’sx_max_col = max × d’x_col = 3225 mm2/m
Maximum allowable spacing; smax = min(2 × h, 450 mm) = 300 mm
Reinforcement provided (negative), No. 4 @ 200 mm centers
Area of tension steel provided; A’sx_col = 664 mm2/m
PASS - area of steel provided is OK
Actual tensile bar spacing provided; s’x_col = 200 mm
PASS - spacing of bars less than allowable
Positive reinforcement
Depth to positive steel; dx_col = h - cc - Dcol_x / 2 = 124 mm
Flexural resistance factor; Rux_col = Mnx_col / dx_col2 = 0.95 MPa
Reinforcement required; reqx_col =0.85f’c/fy×[1-(abs(1-2×Rux_col/(0.85×f’c)))] = 0.00233
Outer compression steel not required
Asx_req_col = reqx_col × dx_col = 288 mm /m
2
Area of tension steel required;
Minimum area of tension steel required; Asx_min_col = max(1.4 MPa×dx_col/fy,(f’c/1 MPa)×dx_col1 MPa/(fy  4))
Asx_min_col = 440 mm2/m
Maximum area of tension steel; Asx_max_col = max × dx_col = 3225 mm2/m
Reinforcement provided (positive), No. 4 @ 200 mm centers
Area of tension steel provided; Asx_col = 664 mm2/m
PASS - area of steel provided is OK
Project Job Ref.

QF QF
Section Sheet no./rev.
DAR GROUP
4
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date

MS 09-Nov-106 AE IC

Actual tensile bar spacing provided; sx_col = 200 mm


PASS - spacing of bars less than allowable
Middle strip (x – direction)
Negative Reinforcement:
Depth to negative steel; d’x_mid = h - c’c - D’mid_x / 2 = 124 mm
Flexural resistance factor; R’ux_mid = M’nx_mid / d’x_mid2 = 1.04 MPa
Reinforcement required; ’reqx_mid = 0.85f’c/fy×[1-(abs(1-2×R’ux_mid/(0.85×f’c)))] =0.00255
Outer compression steel not required
A’sx_req_mid = ’reqx_mid × d’x_mid = 315 mm /m
2
Area of tension steel required;
Minimum area of tension steel required; A’sx_min_mid = max(1.4MPa× d’x_mid /fy,(f’c/1 MPa)× d’x_mid1MPa/(fy  4))
A’sx_min_mid = 440 mm2/m
Maximum area of tension steel; A’sx_max_mid = max × d’x_mid = 3225 mm2/m
Maximum allowable spacing; smax = min(2 × h, 450 mm) = 300 mm
Reinforcement provided (negative), No. 4 @ 200 mm centers
Area of tension steel provided; A’sx_mid = 664 mm2/m
PASS - area of steel provided is OK
Actual tensile bar spacing provided; s’x_mid = 200 mm
PASS - spacing of bars less than allowable
Positive reinforcement
Depth to positive steel; dx_mid = h - cc - Dmid_x / 2 = 124 mm
Flexural resistance factor; Rux_mid = Mnx_mid / (dx_mid2) = 0.56 MPa
Reinforcement required; reqx_mid = 0.85  f’c/fy×[1-(abs(1-2×Rux_mid/(0.85×f’c)))] = 0.00136
Outer compression steel not required
Area of tension steel required; Asx_req_mid = reqx_mid × dx_mid = 168.00 mm2/m
Minimum area of tension steel required; Asx_min_mid = max(1.4 MPa× dx_mid /fy,(f’c/1 MPa)× dx_mid1MPa/(fy  4))
Asx_min_mid = 440 mm2/m
Maximum area of tension steel; Asx_max_mid = max × dx_mid = 3225 mm2/m
Reinforcement provided (positive), No. 4 @ 200 mm centers
Area of tension steel provided; Asx_mid= 664 mm2/m
PASS - area of steel provided is OK
Actual tensile bar spacing provided; sx_mid = 200 mm
PASS - spacing of bars less than allowable
Column strip (y – direction)
Negative Reinforcement:
Depth to negative steel; d’y_col = h - c’c - D’col_x - D’col_y / 2 = 111 mm
Flexural resistance factor; R’uy_col = M’ny_col / d’y_col2 = 0.98 MPa
Reinforcement required; ’reqy_col =0.85f’c/fy× [1 -(abs(1-2×R’uy_col/(0.85×f’c)))] = 0.00241
Outer compression steel not required
A’sy_req_col = ’reqy_col × d’y_col = 266 mm /m
2
Area of tension steel required;
Minimum area of tension steel required; A’sy_min_col = max(1.4 MPa×d’y_col/fy,(f’c/1 MPa)×d’y_col1 MPa/(4fy))
A’sy_min_col = 394 mm2/m
Maximum area of tension steel; A’sy_max_col = max × d’y_col = 2886 mm2/m
Maximum allowable spacing; smax = min(2 × h, 450 mm) = 300 mm
Reinforcement provided (negative), No. 4 @ 200 mm centers
Area of tension steel provided; A’sy_col = 664 mm2/m
PASS - area of steel provided is OK
Actual tensile bar spacing provided; s’y_col = 200 mm
Project Job Ref.

QF QF
Section Sheet no./rev.
DAR GROUP
5
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date

MS 09-Nov-106 AE IC

PASS - spacing of bars less than allowable


Positive reinforcement
Depth to positive steel; dy_col = h - cc - Dcol_x - Dcol_y / 2 = 111 mm
Flexural resistance factor; Ruy_col = Mnx_col / dy_col2 = 1.19 MPa
Reinforcement required; reqy_col =0.85f’c/fy×[1-(abs(1-2×Ruy_col/(0.85 × f’c)))] = 0.00292
Outer compression steel not required
Asy_req_col = reqy_col × dy_col = 322.74 mm /m
2
Area of tension steel required;
Minimum area of tension steel required; Asy_min_col = max(1.4 MPa×dy_col/fy,(f’c/1 MPa)×dy_col1 MPa/(4fy))
Asy_min_col = 394 mm2/m
Maximum area of tension steel; Asy_max_col = max × dy_col = 2886 mm2/m
Reinforcement provided (positive), No. 4 @ 200 mm centers
Area of tension steel provided; Asy_col= 664 mm2/m
PASS - area of steel provided is OK
Actual tensile bar spacing provided; sy_col = 200 mm
PASS - spacing of bars less than allowable
Middle strip (y – direction)
Negative Reinforcement:
Depth to negative steel; d’y_mid = h - c’c - D’mid_x - D’mid_y / 2 = 111 mm
Flexural resistance factor; R’uy_mid = M’ny_mid / d’y_mid2 = 1.09 MPa
Reinforcement required; ’reqy_mid = 0.85f’c/fy×[1-(abs(1-2×R’uy_mid/(0.85×f’c)))] =0.00268
Outer compression steel not required
A’sy_req_mid = ’reqy_mid × d’y_mid = 297 mm /m
2
Area of tension steel required;
Minimum area of tension steel required; A’sy_min_mid = max(1.4 MPa× d’y_mid/fy,(f’c/1 MPa)× d’y_mid1 MPa/(4fy))
A’sy_min_mid = 394 mm2/m
Maximum area of tension steel; A’sy_max_mid = max × d’y_mid = 2886 mm2/m
Maximum allowable spacing; smax = min(2 × h, 450 mm) = 300 mm
Reinforcement provided (negative), No. 4 @ 200 mm centers
Area of tension steel provided; A’sy_mid = 664 mm2/m
PASS - area of steel provided is OK
Actual tensile bar spacing provided; s’y_mid = 200 mm
PASS - spacing of bars less than allowable
Positive reinforcement
Depth to positive steel; dy_mid = h - cc - Dmid_x - Dmid_y / 2 = 111 mm
2
Flexural resistance factor; Ruy_mid = Mny_mid / dy_mid = 0.59 MPa
Reinforcement required; reqy_mid = 0.85  f’c/fy×[1-(abs(1-2×Ruy_mid/(0.85×f’c)))] =0.00143
Outer compression steel not required
Asy_req_mid = reqy_mid × dy_mid = 158 mm /m
2
Area of tension steel required;
Minimum area of tension steel required; Asy_min_mid = max(1.4 MPa× dy_mid/fy,(f’c/1 MPa)× dy_mid1 MPa/(4fy))
Asy_min_mid = 394 mm2/m
Maximum area of tension steel; Asy_max_mid = max × dy_mid = 2886 mm2/m
Reinforcement provided, No. (positive) 4 @ 200 mm centers
2
Area of tension steel provided; Asy_mid= 664 mm /m
PASS - area of steel provided is OK
Actual tensile bar spacing provided; sy_mid = 200 mm
PASS - spacing of bars less than allowable
Distribution reinforcement (for shrinkage and temperature)
Minimum ratio of distribution reinforcement; t = 0.0018
Project Job Ref.

QF QF
Section Sheet no./rev.
DAR GROUP
6
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date

MS 09-Nov-106 AE IC

Minimum area of distribution reinforcement required; At_req = t × h = 270 mm2/m


Maximum allowable spacing of bars; smax_t = min(5 × h, 450 mm) = 450 mm
Distribution steel provided , No. 4 @ 400 mm centers
2
Distribution reinforcement provided; At_prov = 332 mm /m
PASS - area of inner steel provided (Distribution) OK
Actual bar spacing provided; st = 400 mm
PASS - spacing of distribution bars is less than allowable
Check for shear
Shear force on the slab (along long beam); Vu = wu × (ly / 2 - bw / 2 - dx_mid) × 1 m = 31.08 kN
Design shear strength of slab; Vc = 0.75 × (f’c / 1 MPa) / 6  1 MPa × 1 m × dx_mid = 91.33 kN
PASS - one-way shear capacity
Check for clear cover (ACI 318 – 05 cl. 7.7.1)
Permissible min nominal cover to all reinforcement; cmin = 20 mm
Clear cover to tension reinforcement (negative); cc_neg = 20 mm
PASS - cover to steel resisting hogging exceeds allowable minimum cover
Clear cover to tension reinforcement (positive); cc_pos = 20 mm
PASS - cover to steel resisting sagging exceeds allowable minimum cover
Schematic reinforcement distribution.

lx x
½ Column strip

A’sy_col
Asx_col A’sx_col

Asx_mid
Asy_col
ly
Middle strip

Asy_mid A’sx_mid
½ Column strip

A’sy_mid

½ Column strip Middle strip ½ Column strip

TWO-WAY SLAB PANEL


(Reinforcement Layout)