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Pertemuan 1

Ruang Lingkup ERP


KA2113 Enterprise Resource Planning Dasar
Semester Ganjil 2014/2015
Disampaikan oleh:
<<Nama>>
<<email>>
"Hanya dipergunakan untuk kepentingan pengajaran di lingkungan Telkom University"

Disusun oleh:
D3 Komputerisasi Akuntansi
Magdalena Karismariyanti, S.T., M.B.A
Telkom University, Bandung 2014
magdalena@tass.telkomuniversity.ac.id
dac.telkomuniversity.ac.id
Agenda

• Evolusi sistem informasi


Reference:
Monk, E. F., & Wagner, B. J. (2013). • Definisi ERP
Concept in Enterprise Resource
Planning 4Ed. Mason.
O'Brien, J. A. (2005). Introduction to
• Vendor ERP Sistem
Information Systems. McGraw-
Hill/Irwin.
Ray, R. (2011). Enterprise Resource
• Keuntungan dan kerugian
Planning: Text & Cases. New Delhi:
Tata McGraw Hill Education Private
penggunaan ERP sistem
Limited.
Jacobs, F. Robert, and F.C. ‘Ted’ Weston
Jr. "Enterprise resource planning
(ERP)—A brief history." Journal of
Operations Management, 2007: 357–
363.
Definisi ERP
Enterprise Resource Planning
ERP is
an integrated information system
built on centralized database and having
a common computing platform that helps in
effective usage of enterprise’s resource
and facilities the flow of information
between all business function of the
enterprise (and with external stakeholders)
Sistem Informasi adalah
suatu kombinasi terartur apapun dari

people (orang),
hardware (perangkat keras),
software (piranti lunak),
computer networks dan data
communications (jaringan komunikasi), dan
database (basis data)
yang mengumpulkan, mengubah dan menyebarkan informasi
di dalam suatu bentuk organisasi. (O’Brien, 2005, p5)
Evolusi Sistem Informasi
Point of Sales

Unintegrated Marketing Production Accounting


IS IS IS
Information systems
supported only the activities of
individual business functional areas work well within individual
functional areas

Unconnected information:
printed out and re-entry or
write data to a file and read by
others
The Evolution of
Information System
Point of Sales

Unintegrated Marketing Production Accounting


IS IS IS
Information systems

The concept of silos


of information
Point of Sales

Unintegrated Marketing Production Accounting


IS IS IS
Information systems

Disadvantages:

Duplikasi data
Tidak ada interaksi informasi
antar sistem informasi
Sistem tidak memberikan
informasi relevan
Unintegrated
Information systems
Integrated
Information systems
1. Perangkat Keras
Komputer(Computer
Faktor Penyebab Evolusi SI
Hardware) dan
Perkembangan Perangkat Lunak
(Software Development)

2. Upaya untuk Berbagi Sumber


Daya (Resource Sharing)

3. Manufaktur akar dari ERP

4. Dorongan Manajemen
Mengadopsi ERP
Faktor Penyebab Evolusi SI
Pangkat Keras Komputer(Computer
Hardware) dan Perkembangan
Perangkat Lunak (Software
Development)
Upaya untuk Berbagi Sumber Daya
(Resource Sharing)

Manufaktur akar dari ERP Sumber: Concept of Enterprise Resource Planning 3rd Ed, page 19

Dorongan Manajemen Mengadopsi ERP


• Perangkat Keras Komputer dan perkembangan
perangkat lunak membuka jalan untuk
pembangunan sistem ERP.
Faktor Penyebab Evolusi SI
Pangkat Keras Komputer(Computer
Hardware) dan Perkembangan
Perangkat Lunak (Software
Development)

Upaya untuk Berbagi Sumber Daya


(Resource Sharing)

Manufaktur akar dari ERP

Sumber: http://www.codeproject.com/KB/azure/CloudProgrammingConcept/cloud3.png

• By the mid-1980s, telecommunications developments


Dorongan Manajemen Mengadopsi ERP allowed users to share data and peripherals on local
networks.
• Servers (central computers) became more powerful
and less expensive and provided scalability.
Faktor Penyebab Evolusi SI
Pangkat Keras Komputer(Computer
Hardware) dan Perkembangan
Perangkat Lunak (Software
Development)

Upaya untuk Berbagi Sumber Daya


(Resource Sharing)

Sumber: http://faculty.babson.edu/dewire/Readings/gifs/1ssdbev.gif

Manufaktur akar dari ERP

Dorongan Manajemen Mengadopsi ERP


• The technology to hold that data in an organized
fashion, and to retrieve data easily, is the database
management system, known as a DBMS.
Faktor Penyebab Evolusi SI
Pangkat Keras Komputer(Computer
Hardware) dan Perkembangan
Perangkat Lunak (Software
Development)

Upaya untuk Berbagi Sumber Daya


(Resource Sharing)

Manufaktur akar dari ERP


Sumber: http://www.moghtadaei.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/web-evolution1.jpg

Dorongan Manajemen Mengadopsi ERP • By the end of the 1980s, much of the hardware needed
to support the development of ERP systems was in
place: fast computers, networked access, and advanced
database technology.
• 1960s
– Competitiveness: COST
– Reorder point (ROP) systems
Faktor Penyebab Evolusi SI – MRP (material requirements planning)
Pangkat Keras Komputer(Computer • 1970s
Hardware) dan Perkembangan – Competitiveness: MARKETING
Perangkat Lunak (Software
Development)
– MRP II (manufacturing resource planning)
– ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning)
Upaya untuk Berbagi Sumber Daya
• 1980s
(Resource Sharing) – Not only manufacturing  human resource
 across enterprise
– real-time capture of transactions
– Large enterprise package software
Manufaktur akar dari ERP • 1990s
– Customer growth for each vendor
– Internet grows rapidly
– Increase Computer capabilities
Dorongan Manajemen Mengadopsi ERP
– small- to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)
package software
• 2000s
– High ERP vendor competition
Faktor Penyebab Evolusi SI – Improve product offerings and
Pangkat Keras Komputer(Computer
Hardware) dan Perkembangan
increase market share
Perangkat Lunak (Software – Acquisitions of competing
Development)
companies, mergers.
Upaya untuk Berbagi Sumber Daya
(Resource Sharing)
• Future ERP
ERP reach maturity level
Manufaktur akar dari ERP – ERP needs “easy
configuration”
– ERP for niche market
Dorongan Manajemen Mengadopsi ERP – Cloud ERP
– Systems will become much
more intelligent
Faktor Penyebab Evolusi SI
Pangkat Keras Komputer(Computer
Hardware) dan Perkembangan
Perangkat Lunak (Software
Development)

Upaya untuk Berbagi Sumber Daya


(Resource Sharing)

Sumber: Concept of Enterprise Resource Planning 3rd Ed, page 22

Manufaktur akar dari ERP


• The functional business model illustrates the concept
of silos of information, which limit the exchange of
information between the lower operating levels.

Dorongan Manajemen Mengadopsi ERP • This model was successful. In the quickly changing
markets of the 1990s, however, the functional model
led to top-heavy and overstaffed organizations
incapable of reacting quickly to change.
Faktor Penyebab Evolusi SI
Pangkat Keras Komputer(Computer
Hardware) dan Perkembangan
Perangkat Lunak (Software
Development)

Upaya untuk Berbagi Sumber Daya


(Resource Sharing)

Manufaktur akar dari ERP Sumber: Concept of Enterprise Resource Planning 3rd Ed, page 23

• In a process-oriented company, the flow of information


and management activity is “horizontal” across
functions, in line with the flow of materials and
products.
Dorongan Manajemen Mengadopsi ERP

• These company overhauls were a stimulus to ERP


development.
THESIGNIFICANCE AND
BENEFITS OF ERP
SOFTWARE AND SYSTEMS
• ERP allows easier global
integration
• ERP integrates people and
data while eliminating the
need to update and repair
many separate computer
systems
• ERP allows management
to manage operations, not
just monitor them
Tantangan dalam Implementasi
ERP
Biaya vs Manfaat
Biaya Manfaat
1. Biaya Langsung: 1. Manfaat langsung
Investasi perangkat keras, lisensi sistem Persediaan gudang berkurang,
operasi dan software basis data, lisensi peningkatan kualitas layanan
aplikasi ERP, biaya maintenance aplikasi pelanggan dan mengurangi kerugian
ERP, jasa konsultan ERP, biaya penjualan, mengurangi jumlah uang tak
pelatihan, dan lain-lain. tertagih, pengurangan biaya material
dan tenaga kerja.

2. Biaya Tidak Langsung:


Biaya pegawai yang terlibat dalam 2. Manfaat tidak langsung
proyek, biaya penggantian pegawai Kemudahan data entry, kemudahan
proyek, biaya atas gangguan kegiatan informasi, kegiatan operasional
operasional dikerjakan dengan cepat.
1. How Much Does an ERP System Cost?
2. Should Every Business Buy an ERP Package?
3. Is ERP Software Inflexible?
4. What Return Can a Company Expect from Its
ERP Investment?
5. How Long Does It Take to See a Return on an
ERP Investment?
6. Why Do Some Companies Have More Success
with ERP Than Others?
Vendor ERP
• Founded 1972
• Latest version
mySAP ERP

a former IBM employee


• Founded 1987
• Beginning Human
resources and
payroll accounting
• 2003, merger with

• 2005, acquired by
David Duffield
a former IBM employee
• Founded 1977
• Beginning: Data
Management
• Oracle Financials
successor of
Oracle’s ERP
product.
Larry Ellison
One of Oracle founders
Sumber: http://www.erpsoftware360.com/erp-software.htm
ERP Modules
SAP Modules
Oracle e-business Suite Modules
Strategi Implementasi
ERP
Modul tertentu Semua modul

Rollout dan
Lokasi tertentu Rollout
Modular

Semua lokasi Big Bang dan Big Bang


Modular
End of This Session