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 Listen and complete the definitions with the help of the video .  https://www.youtube.com/watch?

v=355nsovXpdk

NOTION N°1 : Places (Seats) and forms of Power

 Power is the …………….………………..… to exercise …………….………………..… and …………….………………..…


over others. Power can influence people’s …………….………………..… . In order to …………….………………..…
together, people have to accept …………….………………..… . These …………….………………..… create
…………….………………..… cohesion, but can also …………….………………..… to …………….………………..… . That
is the reason why there are often …………….……… -powers to challenge and …………….………………..…
the power in …………….………………..… . Power can be …………….………………..… in different spheres such
as …………….………………..… , …………….………………..… , …………….………………..… .

NOTION N°2 : Idea of Progress

 Next …………….………………..… is the idea of …………….………………..… . Progress is an


…………….………………..… , a …………….………………..… towards a …………….………………..… state. It can either
be social , …………….………………..…, or …………….………………..… . It …………….………………..… to making the
…………….………………..… a better …………….………………..… .

NOTION N°3 : Myths and Heroes

 A …………………… is a popular …………………… , a …………………………….……… or false …………………… on which


…………………… values are often …………………… .

A …………………… is a person who is …………………… for his or her …………………… . A hero is often seen
as a role …………………… as it could be someone who is ready to …………………… his or her
…………………… in order to ………………..……… things …………………………..…………… …………………………….…………… .

NOTION N°4 : Spaces and exchanges

 An …………….………… is an act of …………….………… and …………….………… something else in …………….………… .


It could be seen as a continuous …………….………… or …………….…………. There can be different …………….…………
of …………….……………………..… such as …………….………………..… , …………….………………..… , …………….………………..… .
 Listen to the presentation and fill in the grid with useful expressions.

Linguistic tools
How to …………..
INTRODUCE your notion
 I’m going to talk about ….

 The notion I’m going to deal with is ….

GIVE a DEFINITION of the notion


 To begin/ to start with , I’d like to give a definition of the notion.

INTRODUCE your Theme (topic )


 I’m going to speak about …

 My topic is …

 I would like to illustrate my notion through the theme of …

 To my mind, the theme that best illustrates the notion is ….

 In relation to the notion , the subject of my presentation will be …

PHRASE your Question


 We may wonder to what extent, this theme illustrates the notion
(problématique)

of ….