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FAKULTAS TEKNIK

UNIVERSITAS TADULAKO BAHASA INGGRIS 1

BAHASA INGGRIS 1
(16 sentence tenses and their meanings, formulas, functions
and examples)

Di Susun

O
L
E
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THEOSALVATOR TRIWUAGORAN BAHY


NIM : F 221 19 087
CLASS : (B)

TEKNIK ARSITEKTUR
UNIVERSITAS TADULAKO
2019

THEOSALVATOR TRIWUAGORAN BAHY / F 221 19 087 ARCHITECT’ 19


FAKULTAS TEKNIK
UNIVERSITAS TADULAKO BAHASA INGGRIS 1

16 Tenses dalam Bahasa Inggris:


Berikut ini adalah penjelasan 16 Tenses yang terrdapat pada tata Bahasa Inggris dan Contoh Kalimatnya.

1. Simple Present
Fungsi:
a. Untuk meyatakan suatu kebenaran umum/ mutlak

Rumus
• (+)S + Tobe + Noun/ Adjective
• (-) S + Tobe +Not+ Noun/ Adjective
• (?)Tobe + S +Noun/ Adjective ?

Contoh :
• (+) architect is smart
• (-) architect is not smart
• (?)Is architect smart?

b. Untuk meyatakan suatu pekerjaan rutin.

Rumus
• (+) S + V1 ( + Object )
• (-) S + Do/Does + not +V1
• (?)Do/Does + not + S + V1?

Contoh :
• (+) architect while counting
• (-) architect does not while counting
• (?) Does architect while counting?

2. Present Continuous.
Fungsi:
Untuk meyatakan suatu pekerjaan yang sedang berlangsung

Rumus
• (+) S + am/is/are + Verb.ing
• (-) S + am/is/are + not + Verb.ing
• (?) Am/is/are + S + Verb.ing

Contoh :
• architect is reading a magazine
• architect is not reading a magazine
• Is architect reading a magazine?

3. Present Perfect
Fungsinya:
Untuk meyatakan suatu pekerjaan yang telah usai pada saat sekarang.

THEOSALVATOR TRIWUAGORAN BAHY / F 221 19 087 ARCHITECT’ 19


FAKULTAS TEKNIK
UNIVERSITAS TADULAKO BAHASA INGGRIS 1

Rumus
• (+) S + have/has + V3
• (-) S + have/has + not + V3
• (?) Have/has + S + V3?

Contoh :
• architect has design the building
• architect has not design the building
• Has architect design the building?

4. Present Perfect Continuous tense


Fungsi:
Untuk meyatakan suatu pekerjaan yang sudah terjadi dan masih terdapat kemungkinan terjadi sampai nanti.

Rumus
• (+) S + have/has + been + Ving
• (-) S + have/has + not + been + Ving
• (?) Have/has + S + been + Ving

Contoh :
• (+) She has been waiting for you since she was at work
• (-) She has not been waiting for you since she was at work
• (?) Has She been waiting for you since she was at work

5. Simple Past tense


Fungsi:
Menunjukkan pekerjaan yang terjadi pada masa lampau atau waktu pekerjaan sudah lewat namun tidak
menunjukkan bahwa pekerjaan atau kegiatan tersebut telah selesai.

Rumus
• (+) S + V2 + O
• (-) S + did + not + Verb1
• (?) Did + S + Verb1)

Contoh :
• (+) architect is controlling it in the field
• (-) architect did not controlling in the field
• (?) Did architect not controlling in the field?
.

6. Past Continuous.
Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang sedang terjadi pada masa lampau.
• (+) S + was/were + Ving
• (-) S + was/were + not + Ving
• (?) Was/were + S + Ving

Contoh :
• (+) architect completed the drawing at 2 o’clock
• (-) architect was not completed the drawing at 2 o’clock
• (?) was architect completed the drawing at 2 o’clock?

THEOSALVATOR TRIWUAGORAN BAHY / F 221 19 087 ARCHITECT’ 19


FAKULTAS TEKNIK
UNIVERSITAS TADULAKO BAHASA INGGRIS 1

7. Past Perfect.
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang telah selesai ketika pekerjaan lain baru dimulai pada masa lampau.

Rumus
• (+) S + Had + V3
• (-) S + Had + not + V3
• (?) Had + S + V3

Contoh :
• (+) architect had finishes drawing work before you come here
• (-) architect had not finishes drawing work before you came here
• (?) had architect finishes drawing work before you came here?

8. Past Perfect Continuous.


Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang sudah terjadi pada masa lalu dan masih berlangsung hingga waktu tertentu
pada masa lampau.

Rumus
• (+) S + had + been + Ving
• (-) S+had+not+been+Ving
• (?) had+S+been+Ving

Contoh
• (+) he designed the construction drawings at 7 o’clock
• (-) he had not been designed the construction drawing at 7 o’clock
• (?) had he been designed the construction drawings at 7 o’clock?

9. Simple Future.
Fungsinya:
Menunjukkan pekerjaan sederhana yang akan terjadi

Rumus
• (+) S + will + Verb1
• (-) S + will+ not + Verb1
• (?) Will + S + Verb1

Contoh :
• (+) He will go to control the work in Bandung tomorrow
• (-) He will not go to control the work in Bandung tomorrow
• (?) will He go to control the work in Bandung tomorrow?

10. Future Continuous.


Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang sedang terjadi pada masa yang akan datang.

Rumus
• (+) S + will + be + Verb ing
• (-) S+ will + not + be + Verb ing
• (?) Will + S + be + Verb ing

THEOSALVATOR TRIWUAGORAN BAHY / F 221 19 087 ARCHITECT’ 19


FAKULTAS TEKNIK
UNIVERSITAS TADULAKO BAHASA INGGRIS 1

Contoh :
• (+) he will take part in the project auction tomorrow at 10 o’clock
• (-) he will not be take part in the project auction tomorrow at 10 o’clock
• (?) will he be take part in the project auction tomorrow at 10 o’clock?

11. Future Perfect.


Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang telah selesai di masa yang akan datang.

Rumus
• (+) S + will + have + V3
• (-) S + will + have + not + V3
• (?) Will + S + have + V3

Contoh :
• (+) architect will have complete the project in 10 months
• (-) architect will not have complete the project in 10 months
• (?) will architect have complete the project in 10 months?

12. Future Perfect Continuous.


Fungsi:
Menyatakan peristiwa yang sudah dimulai dan masih berlangsung namun kejadiannya tidak sekarang tapi di
masa depan.

Rumus
• (+) S+will+have+been+Ving
• (-) S+will+have+not+been+Ving,
• (?) Will+S+have+been+Ving,

Contoh :
• (+) he will have been finish his drawing design at 10 o’clock
• (-) he will not have been finish his drawing design at 10 o’clock
• (?) Will he have been finish his drawing designs at 10 o’clock?

13. Past Future.


Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang akan dilakukandan akan selesai pada masa lampau.

Rumus
• (+): S + would + Infinitive/Verb1
• (-): S + would + not + Infinitive/Verb1
• (?): Would + S + Infinitive/Verb1

Contoh :
• (+)he would finish drawing if you didn’t come here.
• (-)he would not finish drawing if you didn’t come here.
• (?)would he finish drawing if you didn’t come here?

THEOSALVATOR TRIWUAGORAN BAHY / F 221 19 087 ARCHITECT’ 19


FAKULTAS TEKNIK
UNIVERSITAS TADULAKO BAHASA INGGRIS 1

14. Past Future Continuous.


Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang akan sedang dilakukan di masa lampau.

Rumus
(+) S + would + be + Verb.ing
(-) S + would + not + be + Verb.ing
(?) Would + S + be + Verb.ing

Contoh :
(+) he would be finish designing the building if the computer is not damaged
(-) he would not be finish designing the building if the computer is not damaged
(?) would she be finish designing the building if the computer is not damaged?

15. Past Future Perfect.


Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang akan sudah selesai dilakukan pada masa lampau.

Rumus
(+) S + would + have + been + V3
(-) S + would + not + have + been + V3
(?) Would +S+ have+ been+ V3

Contoh :
(+) This office would have been painted if all workers had came yesterday.
(-) This office would not have been painted if all workers had came yesterday
(?) Would This office have been painted if all workers had came yesterday?

16. Past Future Perfect Continuous.


Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang mungkin akan telah dilakukan dan masih dilakukan pada masa lalu.

Rumus
(+) S + would + have + been + V-ing
(-) S + would + not + have + been + V-ing
(?) Would + S + have + been + V-ing?

Contoh :
(+) he would have been finish the drawing if the power goes out
(-) he would not have been finish the drawing if the power goes out
(?) would he have been finish the drawing if the power goes out ?

“ thanksssss’’

THEOSALVATOR TRIWUAGORAN BAHY / F 221 19 087 ARCHITECT’ 19