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1. The Constitution declares that the Philippines is a republican state.

Republicanism means:
a. the form of government must be presidential;
b. the representatives of the government are elected by the people;
c. sovereignty resides in the elected representatives of the government;
d. the form of government cannot be changed by the people.
2. Which phrase best completes the statement – The starting point of the principle of separation of powers is the
assumption of the division of the functions of government into three distinct classes:
a. the bill of rights, state policies, and social justice and human rights;
b. the accountability of public officers, the constitutional commissions, and the national economy and
patrimony;
c. the self-executing provisions, the non-self-executing provisions, and the self-evident social justice provisions;
d. the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.
3. Which of the following best exemplifies how the system of checks and balances is carried out:
a. the legislature passes a law that prohibits the president from commuting a judiciary imposed sentence, as a
check of the president;
b. the President pardons a convict as a way to set aside or modify a judgment of the judiciary;
c. the judiciary overturns a pardon granted by the President as a check on executions;
d. the President pardons an accused after arraignment in the interest of justice.
4. A Senator or Member of the House of Representatives shall be privileged from arrest while Congress is in session for
all offenses punishable by imprisonment of not more than:
a. life imprisonment; c. reclusion perpetua;
b. six years imprisonment d. four years imprisonment.
5. No Senator or member of the House of Representatives may personally appear as counsel before:
a. any regional court; c. any court of justice;
b. any inferior court; d. any appellate court.
6. Congressman Ian Belmonte authored a bill called House Bill No, 0056 which legalizes jueteng. When the Bill became
law (RA 10156), Fr. Chester Zerda, a priest, filed a petition seeking for the nullification of RA 10156 on the ground
that it is unconstitutional as it violates Section 13, Article II, of the 1987 Constitution which states that "The state
recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation-building and shall promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual,
intellectual, and social well-being". Fr. Chester filed the petition as a concerned citizen and as taxpayer. Does Fr.
Chester have locus standi?
a. No, because Fr. Chester has no personal and substantial interest that will be prejudiced by the implementation
of the law;
b. No, the law concerns neither citizens nor expenditure of public funds;
c. Yes, because the issue is of transcendental importance;
d. Yes, because as priest, Fr. Chester has special interest in the well-being of the youth.
7. The Black Pink’s Witnesses (whose tenets are derogatory to the Catholic Church), applied for a permit to use the
public plaza and kiosk to hold their religious meeting on the occasion of their founding anniversary. Mayor Lito Jay
allowed them to use the northwestern part of the plaza but not the kiosk (which is a few meters away from the
Catholic church). Members of the Black Pink Witnesses claim that the act of Mayor Lito Jay is a violation of their
freedom of assembly and religion. Is this correct?
a. No, because this is valid exercise of police power;
b. Yes, because the plaza being of public use can be used by anybody regardless of religious belief;
c. No, because historical experience shows that peace and order may be disturbed whenever two opposing
religious groups or beliefs expound their dogmas;
d. Yes, because there is no clear and present danger in holding a religious meeting by another religious group
near a catholic church.
8. Among are some importance of studying politics and governance. What is not?
a. Being able to escape from the burden of having bad system.
b. Being able to understand the system we are living since we are involved as people.
c. Being able to critically analyze the system of politics in the Philippines.
9. What is the importance of political ideology?
a. Because it illustrates how good or bad a government system should be.
b. This serve as the foundation for political and economic practices of a particular polity/state.
c. All of the above.
10. Which of the following conditions does not depict the essence of Communism?
a. Poorest of the poor will be given government services and attention same with what the rich enjoys.
b. Killing mass of people that do not take part in cultural preservation.
c. Business firms will be alleviated and prohibited.
11. Anarchism is said to be the most chaotic of all political ideologies. Why is regarded as such?
a. Because people do not care for each other thus ruining the society.
b. If there is no state intervention, we are bound of war and conflicts.
c. All of the above.
12. Emy Rose wonder if the National territory is included in the 1987 Philippine Constitution.
Kate said that it is included and is stipulated in the Article III. Louisa rebutted and told them that it is not written
in there, at all. Juan laughed at them, contending that it is stipulated under Article I. Who among them tells the
truth?
a. Juan b. Kate c. Louisa d. None of them
13. Aleda is currently seventeen years old. Her birthday is the same with the day of the Presidential Elections. Can she
register before the Commission and Elections and vote at the time of the elections?
a. No, because she is still minor and he cannot vote.
b. Yes, because she is turning 18 at the time of the election following the constitution.
c. Yes, since all Filipinos can vote without considering the age.
14. Patricia Anna Kaye is a senator and thus, she makes laws. She sponsored a law where Sen. Jasmin Yuki was a co-
author. The law made by the aforementioned senators prohibits the President of the Philippines to make and prepare
for the annual budget of the government. According to the constitution, the President can do so. Which shall prevail?
a. The constitution that gives the power to the President to prepare for the annual budget.
b. The law made by Sen. Irish and Jeneth for it was their power to make laws.
c. Both laws shall be studied which is better among the two.
15. Which principle can best discuss and explain the question and answer in no. 14?
a. Principle of Separation of Church and State
b. Principle of Supremacy of the Constitution
c. Principle of Ours is a Government of Law and Not of Men
16. It is the process by which the people directly propose amendments to the constitution.
a. Constitutional Convention
b. Constituent Assembly
c. People’s Initiative
17. Our constitution is the fundamental and the most supreme law of the land. What is meant by the italicized words?
a. The constitution can suspend the rights of the people.
b. All other laws must be in accordance with the constitution.
c. The constitution contains the most number of words and content.
18. When was the Philippines became a De Facto Government?
a. After People Power I EDSA Revolution when Marcos was ousted.
b. During American occupation when they established a military government.
c. During the Japanese Occupation
Direction: Each question below consists of a related pair of words or phrases. Select the pair that best expresses a
relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair by encircling its letter.

19. Religion → Bible ; State → ? 23. People → Constitution ; President → Executive


a. charter b. laws c. constitution Order ; Congress → ?
a. Ordinance b. Statute c. By-Laws
20. Judicial → Supreme Court ; Legislative → ?
a. Congress b. President c. Councilors
24. Textbook → Preface ; Constitution → ?
21. One → Monarchy ; Few → Oligarchy ; Many → ? a. Preamble b. Prologue c. Introduction
a. Aristocracy b. Dictatorship c. Democracy
25. North Korea → Communism ; Vietnam →
22. Presidential → President ; Parliamentary → ? Socialism ; Philippines → ?
a.Prime Minister b. Parliament c. President a. Liberalism b. Anarchism
c. Nazism