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Dire Dawa University, Institute of Technology

School of mechanical and Industrial Engineering

Chair (stream) Thermal and fluid system Engineering
Course Title Refrigeration and Air conditioning system
Module Thermal and Fluid systems Engineering
Course Code MEng 5212
Module Coordinator
Lecturer Ayele Mengist
ECTS Credits 3(5)
Contact Hours (per
Course Objectives:
The aim of the course is to introduce and familiarize students with the basic fundamental principles of
refrigeration and air conditioning systems. This course will introduce students with basic analysis,
design and selection of refrigeration and air conditioning systems and equipments applicable for
different purpose. The course will provide students with a working knowledge of computer-aided
calculations of thermal loads and their use in design of RAC systems.
Competences (Learning Outcomes)
At the end of the course the students:-
 will have a sound understanding of the basic principles and concepts on the design and
thermodynamic analysis of different refrigeration cycle/systems including the vapor
compression refrigeration system, vapor absorption system, gas cycle systems, steam-Injection
refrigeration systems, and ultra-low temperature refrigeration (cryogenics)
 will demonstrate the operation and analysis of several key components/equipments
(refrigeration compressors, refrigeration condensers, expansion devices and evaporators) in a
refrigeration cycle
 will demonstrate their ability and knowledge in mathematical and thermodynamic to for the
proper selection of components and maximize the performance of refrigeration systems
 will be able to understand the different types of air conditioning systems and their components

 will be able to demonstrate their ability and knowledge in mathematics, thermodynamics and
heat transfer to analyze, model and design or select a suitable air conditioning system and/or
 will able to utilize psychrometric chart to represent different AC processes and obtain
thermodynamic calculations for them
 will able to develop skill and knowledge in inside and outside design condition analysis and
selection, heating and cooling load calculations for a given location
 will able to select suitable components (cooling coils, humidifiers, dehumidifiers, chillers,
heaters, filters, fans) for typical AC system
 Will have a sound understanding of the air distribution systems and duct design. They will
understand the different methods of duct design and selection of air distribution and space
diffusion systems like fans, diffusers, grilles etc for different particular application of the air
conditioning system
 The students will understand the basic elements for designing of an energy efficient building
Course description/Course Contents
Part I: Refrigeration.
Basic concepts – Reversed Carnot Cycle and its limitations – Actual Refrigeration systems – Vapour
Compression cycle and its equipment: Effect of Pressure, Superheating, Sub cooling and Regenerative
heat exchanger on cycle performance. Gas cycle refrigeration, Properties of Refrigerant Vapour
absorption systems – Maximum COP – Actual cycle calculations. Steam Jet Refrigeration – Water as
refrigerant –
Principle and analysis of steam ejector. Heat Pumps – Comparison with electric resistance heaters:
Cryogenics – Cycles and comparison;
Applications of refrigeration in food preservation.
Part II: Air-Conditioning.
Psychometry – Properties of moist air – Psychrometric chart preparation for any place and its
application for air conditioning processes: heating, cooling, mixing and drying
Air Conditioning equipment – Cooling, Heating and Dehumidifying coils- Sensible heat and bypass
factors; Air Washer and its significance Load calculations – Solar heat gain – Heat transfer through
building structures – Internal heat gains – Occupancy, Lighting and Appliances load, Process load,

System heat gains and Cooling loads. Effective Sensible Heat Factor Selection of Air Conditioning
apparatus for Cooling and Dehumidification
Design conditions – Choice of inside and supply design conditions. Comfort & Effective temperature
Simple air conditioning system and mass rate of supply air – summer air conditioning system –
apparatus dew point – role of bypass factor; Winter air conditioning and system calculations for design:
Basic aspects of transmission and distribution of air as well as refrigeration and air conditioning control
Pre-requisites Thermodynamics II and Fluid Mechanics
Semester 9th
Status of Course Compulsory
 Lectures supported by tutorials
 Assignments,
Teaching & Learning  Laboratory exercises, and
Methods  Industrial visits.
 Seminar
 Design Project
Assessment/Evaluate  Continuous assessment 40%
ion & Grading  Design Project 20%,
System  Final Examination 40%.
 Minimum of 75% attendance during lecture hours;
 100% attendance during practical work sessions, except for
some unprecedented mishaps; and
Attendance  Presence during industrial visit/visits.
Requirements Visits:
1. Industrial Refrigeration plant of beverage plant
2. Cold store
3. Building Air-conditioning Systems
1. Bill Whitman, Bill Johnson, and John Tomczyck, Refrigeration and Air
Conditioning Technology, 5E, Oct 13, 2004.
2. Dick Wirz, Commercial Refrigeration for Air Conditioning Technicians,
Oct 31, 2005.

3. Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute and Larry Jeffus,
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning: An Introduction to HVAC (4th
Edition), Dec 23, 2003.
4. William C. Whitman, William M. Johnson, and John Tomczyk,
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Technology: Concepts, Procedures,
and Troubleshooting Techniques, Jan 2005.
5. C.P.Arora Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, Tata McGraw Hill,
6. Thomas Kuehn, James w. Ramsey and James L. Threlkeld,
Thermal Environmental Engineering –Prentice Hall, 1998.
7. Jan F. Kreider, Handbook of Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning
(Mechanical Engineering Series), Dec 26, 2000.
8. Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute and Joseph Moravek,
Conditioning Systems: Principles, Equipment, and Service, Sep 13,
9. Billy C. Langley, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Troubleshooting
Handbook, Aug 15, 2002.
10. Edward G. Pita, Air Conditioning Principles and Systems: An Energy
Approach (4th Edition), Jun 28, 2001.
11. ASHRAE, Air- Conditioning Systems Design Manual.
12. ASHRAE Handbook, Fundamentals (2001), Systems & Equipment
(2000), Applications (1999), Refrigeration (1998). A.C Bryant,
Refrigeration equipment: a servicing and installation handbook –, Butter
worth –Heinemann, 1999