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Chapter I


This chapter includes the background of the study, statement of the problem,
significance of the study, scope and limitations, conceptual framework and research paragdigm

Background of the study

Religion is a fundamental set of beliefs and practices generally agreed upon by a group of
people. These set of beliefs concern the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, and
devotional and ritual observances. They also often contain a moral code governing the conduct
of human affair. And being religious is a very difficult measure someone religiousness. Because
we have different set of beliefs we are not able to judge people according to their traditions and
beliefs. We don’t have rights to judge people because of all us are people. We have a different
set of beliefs and if you think their beliefs funny well for them that is sign of respecting. But
there is some laws that government agrees that church do not agree with, like same sex marriage.
According to bible God created only two gender and that is Male and Female that why church is
against in the same sex marriage. Same sex marriage considered a sin for the church, but still this
is legal because of the approval of the government. Maine Legislature passed and Governor
Baldacci signed legislation in May 2009 allowing same sex marriage. Voters approved the
referendum, effectively repealing the law in November 2009.

Random History (2011) explains that in the early civilizations of Mesopotamia and
ancient Egypt, the union between couples of the same sex was recognized by the kingdom.
During Greek’s early years, attraction between a man and another man was normal and was
considered an expression of love. The main consideration in same sex relationships in early
history were of then love, beauty, and excellence of character rather than gender (Random
History, 2011, p.l). Same sex marriages were of then believed to be more pure than a
heterosexual marriage. Marriage was believed to be the union of two people bases in love. A
marriage consisting of two males of two females, if women had the right to get married, was not
frowned upon. Random History (2011) also explains how in the thirteenth century, the first laws
banning sodomy were introduced and were strictly enforced. Through the next centuries,
homosexual behavior became deviant and was punished. Due to the belief that homosexual
behavior was wrong, the belief that heterosexual relationships were normal became popular
among the majority of countries. By the nineteenth century, heterosexuality became the most
believed standard for relationships