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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman

KATA PENGANTAR ........................................................................................ i

DAFTAR ISI .....................................................................................................iii

DAFTAR TABEL ............................................................................................ vi

DAFTAR GAMBAR .......................................................................................vii

DAFTAR SINGKATAN ................................................................................viii

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ..................................................................................... x

BAB I PENDAHULUAN

1.1 Latar Belakang ........................................................................................ 1

1.2 Identifikasi Masalah ................................................................................ 3

1.3 Tujuan Penulisan ..................................................................................... 3

1.3.1 Tujuan Umum ................................................................................ 3

1.3.2 Tujuan Khusus................................................................................ 4

1.4 Manfaat Penulisan ................................................................................... 4

1.4.1 Bagi Penulis ................................................................................... 4

1.4.2 Bagi Pendidikan ............................................................................. 4

1.5 Metode Penulisan ................................................................................... 5

1.6 Sistematika Penulisan ............................................................................ 5

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BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA

2.1 Asma Bronchiale ..................................................................................... 7

2.1.1 Definisi ........................................................................................... 7

2.1.2 Anatomi Fisiologi Sistem Pernafasan ............................................ 7

2.1.3 Faktor Pencetus ............................................................................ 22

2.1.4 Manisfestasi Klinis ....................................................................... 24

2.1.5 Patofisiologi ................................................................................. 25

2.1.6 Klasifikasi..................................................................................... 26

2.1.7 Pemeriksaan Diagnostik ............................................................... 28

2.1.8 Penatalaksanaan Medis ................................................................ 29

2.2 Fibroadenoma Mamae ........................................................................... 31

2.2.1 Payudara ....................................................................................... 31

2.2.2 Pengertian ..................................................................................... 32

2.2.3 Tanda dan Gejala .......................................................................... 32

2.2.4 Penyebab ..................................................................................... 32

2.2.5 Penanganan ................................................................................... 33

2.2.6 Pencegahan ................................................................................... 34

2.3 Konsep Dasar Anestesi .......................................................................... 36

2.3.1 Definisi ......................................................................................... 36

2.3.2 Teknik Anestesi ............................................................................ 37

2.3.3 Obat Anestesi Umum ................................................................... 41

2.3.4 Alat Anestesi ................................................................................ 48

2.4 Evaluasi Praanestesi .............................................................................. 50

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2.4.1 Persiapan Pasien ........................................................................... 50

2.4.2 Premedikasi .................................................................................. 54

2.4.3 Perawatan Pasca Bedah ................................................................ 56

BAB III PEMBAHASAN

3.1 Pertimbangan Anestesi Umum Pada Pasien Dengan Asma Bronchiale58

3.1.1 Pertimbangan Preoperatif ............................................................ 58

3.1.2 Pertimbangan Intraoperatif .......................................................... 58

3.1.3 Pertimbangan Postoperatif ........................................................... 59

3.2 Penatalaksanaan Anestesi...................................................................... 59

3.2.1 Preoperatif ................................................................................... 59

3.2.2 Intraoperatif ................................................................................. 70

3.2.3 Postoperatif .................................................................................. 75

BAB IV KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN

4.1 Kesimpulan ........................................................................................... 79

4.1.1 Penatalaksanaan Preoperatif......................................................... 79

4.1.2 Penatalaksanaan Intraoperatif...................................................... 79

4.1.3 Penatalaksanaan Postoperatif....................................................... 80

4.2 Saran ...................................................................................................... 80

4.2.1 Bagi Praktisi ................................................................................. 80

4.2.2 Bagi Institusi Pendidikan ............................................................. 80

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

LAMPIRAN