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Conservation work performed


with funds from the 1992/93
NEW YORK STATE
C ONSERVATION/PRE S ERVATION
DISCRETIONARY GRANT PROGRAM

I
COLOURED

OF

HEATHS.
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HEATHS.
THE

DRAWINGS
TAKEN FROM

LIVING PLANTS ONLY.

WITH

THE APPROPRIATE SPECIFIC CHARACTER, FULL DESCRIPTION, NATIVE PLACE

OF GROWTH, AND TIME OF FLOWERING OF EACH;

3fti iattn antr CitglfefK

EACH FIGURE ACCOMPANIED BY ACCURATE DISSECTIONS OF THE SEVERAL

PARTS, (MAGNIFIED WHERE NECESSARY,) UPON WHICH THE

SPECIFIC DISTINCTION HAS BEEN FOUNDED,

ACCORDING TO THE

LINNiEAN SYSTEM.

THE WHOLE EXECUTED

By Hf C. ANDREWS,
BOTANICAL PAINTER, ENGRAVER, &C.

VOL. I.

LONDON:

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR, NO. 5, KNIGIITSBRIDGE.

Printed ly T. Bensley, Bolt Court, Fleet Street.

1802,
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ADDRESS.

In his endeavours to illustrate this brilliant and extended tribe of plants, the author thinks it neces¬
sary to premise, by way of deprecating the opinion of the Public on this part of his labours;
that, as all his drawings are taken from cultivated plants, some of them may thence appear less
picturesque, than if he indulged his fancy in their design; or more fortunately, have enjoyed the
opportunity of copying them on the soil where nature has placed them indigenous: But, as the
latter never was within his poAver; he would rather stand convicted of apparent want of taste, in
the execution of a work where ornament should give way to science, than be taxed with having-
varied from a just representation of the plant, as it must meet the eye of the British Botanist.
Numerous and beautiful as are the specimens of this Genus, in the splendid herbariums of Sir
J. Banks, Bart. P. R. S. &c.; G. Hibbert, Esq. ; A. B. Lambert, Esq. &c. &c.; yet, as the dried
plant exhibits so very different an appearance, from the living one, in every character necessary for
a perfect drawing, but particularly in the blossoms; no advantage can be taken, to ornament, or
add to, the present undertaking, from them; unless, by comparison, to determine some species,
which have been described by those Botanists who have named them at the Cape of Good Hope.
Since, therefore, the original intent of this work, was, (and in its progress we have found no
reason to alter the plan,) to give figures of those species of Heaths, only, which are actually culti¬
vated in the different collections of this country: so, whatever may be imputed to want of freedom
in the pencil of the artist, it is hoped, will be covered by this reflection; that he has invariably
copied nature, though in a formal dress, without assuming the general licence of the painter. In
pursuing the Botanical part of the work, he has endeavoured to give the specific names which are in
general use in Britain, where the plant is commonly known in our gardens, in preference to any,
published by either foreign or English Botanists which have not that character. Where the plant
is new with us, but has a published, and received name among Botanists, he has invariably adopted
it; but where none could be traced, to the best of his judgment, he has given it, then only, an
appropriate title. A few alterations from the original plan, arising from the inundation of new
species since the commencement of the work, it will be necessary briefly to state. He had at first
arranged the whole of the Genus, then known, from the method given by Linnaeus, under two
general heads, Bearded and Beardless tips; but, from the numbers now in our possession, which
cannot, with any propriety, be placed under either head, he has been induced to alter it; and has
formed them, under five of the most ostensible, and general characters of the same parts. Thus,
1st, bearded, where the tips are simple, and awned at the base; 2d, crested when the tips are ter¬
minated by a curved like feather; 3d, two-horned, when the termination of the tip is thrown inward,
and the parts quite smooth; 4th, beardless, where no protuberant part is seen, the tips of an oblong-
form, and fixed by their backs to the threads; 3th, pencilled, where no apparent division, but from
colour, is perceiveable in the Chives, which protrude considerably beyond the blossom. Eor the
accommodation of those who wish to know what Synonims are attached to our figures, a statement
is given, of those most worthy notice; under the names of the various authors from whence they
are collated. These we have confined to six of the most modern; from whose works, if farther
research may be thought necessary, a longer list may be obtained. As it is but bare justice to
make acknowledgment for favours received; what remains for the author is to mention with grati¬
tude, at least, the persons, from whose kind indulgence in the free use of their collections, he has
chiefly drawn his resources.

G. Hibbert, Esq. Clapham Common, Surrey.


The Honourable Marquis of Blandford, White Knights, Berkshire.
Messrs. Lee and Kennedy, Nurserymen, Hammersmith, Middlesex.
The late Lady Archer, Ham Common, Surrey.
The Honourable William Henry Irby, Farnham Royal, Berks.
The late J. Robertson, Stockwell, Surrey.
J. Verb, Esq. Kensington Gore, Middlesex.
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ERICA. HEATH.

CLASSIS VIII. ORDO I. CLASS VIII. ORDER I.

0 CTANDR1A MONOGYNIA. Eight Chives. One Pointal.

CHARACTER GENERICUS. GENERIC CHARACTER.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum; foliolis ofato- Empalement. Cup four-leaved; leaflets between
oblongis, perliftentibus. egg-fhaped and oblong, remaining.

Corolla monopetala, campanulata, quadri- Blossom one petal, bell-fhaped, four-cleft,


fida, faepe ventricofa. often bellied.

Stamina. Filamenta octo, capillaria, recep- Chives. Threads eight, hair-like, inferted into
taculo inferta. Anther<e apice bifidae. the receptacle. Tips two-cleft at the end.

Pistillum. Germen fubrotundum, fuperam. Pointal. Seed-bud roundifh, above. Shaft

Stylus filiformis, eredtus, ftaminibus Iongior. Stig¬ thread-fhaped, upright, longer than the chives.
ma coronulatum, tetragonum, quadrifidum. Summit crowned, four-cornered, four-cleft.

Pericarpium. Capful a fubrotunda, calyce Seed-Vessel. Capfule roundifh, lefs than

minor, tecta, quadrilocularis, quadri valvis; dif- the cup, covered, four-celled, four-valved; parti¬
fepimentis cum futuris coeuntibus. tions meeting with the futures.

Semina numerofa, minima. Seeds numerous, very small.

Obf. There are fome fpecies with a double cup.


Obf. Dantur fpecies calyee duplice.

The figure of the bloffom as to egg-fhape, tu¬


Figura Corollas ex ovata, tubulofa, ventricofa, et
bular, bellied and oblong, differs in different
oblonga, in diverfis varia ejl.
fpecies.

Antheras in aliis emarginata, in aliis bicornutce, The Tips in fome are notched at the end, in others

criftatce, ariftata, muticse, vel penicillatus; in- two-horned, crefled, bearded, beardlefs, or pen¬

clufts vel exfertse. cilled; within the bloffom, or without.

ESSENTIALIS CHARACTER. ESSENTIAL CHARACTER.

Calyx tetraphyllus. Corolla quadrifida. Cup four-leaved. Bloffom four-cleft.

Filamenta receptaculo inferta. Threads inferted into the receptacle.

Antherce bifidae. Capfula quadri-locularis. Dif- Tips two-cleft. Capfule four-celled. Parti¬

fepimenta valvularum margine. tions from the edge of the valves.


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ERICA aitonia.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris balls bicornibus, inclulis; co- Heath, whole tips have two horns at their bafe,

rollis longiffimis.. vifcolis, fulcatis, fefquipollica- and within the blolToms, which are extremely

ribus, laciniis maxim!s, cordatis; foliis terms. long, clammy, furrowed, of an inch and a half
in length, the fegments large, and heart-fhaped;
I
the leaves grow by fours.

DESCRIP TIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis, rami, ramulique filiformes, flexibi- The Stem, as well as the larger and fmaller

les; rami limplices, longi. branches, are thread-lhaped, and fupple; the

branches are limple, and long.

Folia terna, apice patentia, ferrata, acumi¬ The Leaves grow by threes, fpreading out at

nata, craffa, fubtus.fulcata. the end, fawed, lharp-pointed, thick and fur¬
rowed underneath.

Flores terminates, umbellati, terni, ere 61 i, The Flowers grow at the fummit of the
pedunculi longiliimi, purpurei, bradteis tribus, branches, three in a bunch, and upright; the
coloratis, inltrudti. foot-ftalks are very long, and purple, having
three coloured floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


fpathulatis, craffis, vifcolis, apicibus obtufis, ex¬ fpathula-fhaped, thick, clammy, blunt at their
tra concavis. ends, and hollow, without.

Corolla fefquipollicaris, fulcata, linearia, The Blossom is an inch and a half long, chan¬
fumma inflata, ore ardtata; laciniis cordatis, maxi- nelled, and linear, fwelled at the end, and nar¬
mis, expaniis; extra dilute carnea, intus albida. rowed at the mouth; the fegments of the border
are very large, and expanded; of a light flelh
colour on the outlide, white within.

Stamina. Filamenta o6to capillaria, torta; Chives. Eight hair-like threads twilled; tips
antherae ball bicornes, apice cornutae, inclufas. two horned at their bafe, the points horned, and
within the bloffom.

Pistillum. Germen oblongum, fulcatum; Pointal. Seed-velfel oblong, and furrowed;


ftylus rectus, filiformis exfertus, purpureus; ftig- the lhaft llraight, thread-lhaped, purple, and
ma tetragonum.
without the bloffom; fummit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfe Julii, in OHobrem. Flowers from July, till October.

REFERENTI A. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and BlolTom.

1. Calyx lente au6tus. 2; The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina, et Piliillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo didudta, anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente au6ta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus, et Stigma, lente au6ta. 5. The Shaft, and its Summit, magnified.
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LIBRARY
MEW YORK
B8TAN5CAL
garden
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ERICA albens. \ ’N

CHARACTER SPECJFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, inclufis; corollis ven- Heath, with beardlefs tips, within thebloffoms,

tricofis, axillaribus, folitariis, fub-albidis; foliis which are fwelled at the lower part, growing

ternis, trigonis. fingly at the bafe of the leaves, and whitifh; the

leaves grow by threes, and are three-lided.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticosus, pedalis, ere6tus, ramofus, Stem fhrubby, grows a foot high, upright,
gracilis; rami fimplices. branching, and flender; the branches are Ample.

Folia terna, trigona, linearia, acuta, glabra, Leaves grow by threes, are three-lided, li¬
fubtus tenuiffime sulcata, eredta; petiolis adpref- near, lharp-pointed, fmooth. Rightly furrowed
fis. on the under part, and upright; the foot-Ralks

are prefled to the Rem.

Flores in axil]is foliorum folitarii, cernui, The Flowers grow from the bottom of the
fub-albicantes; pedunculis curvatis, albidis. foot-flalks of the leaves, Rngly, are bent down¬

ward, and whitifh; the foot-Ralks are curved,

and whitifh.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup of four leaves, which


coloratis, acuminatis, adpreffis. are coloured, lharp-pointed, and prefled to the

bloflom.

Corolla ventricofa, ore ardtata; limbo qua- Blossom fwelled at the lower part, and flrait-
drilobo, laciniis sequalibus, acuminatis, revo- ened at the mouth-; the border is four-lobed;
lutis. fegments equal, pointed, and rolled back.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria, curva- Chives. Eight hair-like threads, which are
ta, receptaculo inserta. Antherae muticae, in- bent, and fixed into the receptacle. Tips beard¬
clufae. lefs, within the bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen turbinatum, glabrnm. Point al. Seed-bud turban - fhaped, and
Stylus linearis, curvatus, fub-exfertus. Stigma fmooth. Shaft linear, curved, and jufi without
tetragonum. the bloflom. Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfi Aprili, in Julium. Flowers from April, till July.

REFEREN TI A. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. l. The Empalement, and Bloflom.

2. Calyx lente audtus. 1. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina, et Pitlillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piflillo dkludta; anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente audta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus, et Stigma, lente audta. 5. The Shaft, and its Summit, magnified.

6. Capfula. 6. The Capfule.


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LIBRARY
HEW YORK
botanical
GARDEN

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ERICA ampullacea

CHARACTER SPECIEICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris basi bicornibus, inclusis; foliis Heath, with tips two-horned at their base,
quaternis, retortis; floribus viscosis, umbellatis, within the blossom; the leaves grow by' fours,
ampullaceis, striatis, sub-sesquipollicaribus. and are rolled back; the flowers are clammy, grow
in bunches, are flask-shaped, striped, and nearly
an inch and a half long.

DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticosus, pedalis, ramosus; rami Stem shrubby, grows about a foot high, and
fiexuosi, filiformes. branching; the branches are crooked, and thread¬
shaped.

Folia quaterna, trigona, ciliata, retorta, mu- Leaves grow by fours, are three-sided, fringed,
cronata, supra plana, subtus sulcata; petioli bre- rolled back, sharp-pointed, smooth on the upper,
vissimi, adpressi. and furrowed on the under surface; with short
footstalks, pressed to the branches.

Flores umbellati, siepe quatuor, viscosi, ter- Flowers grow in bunches, mostly of four,
minales; pedunculi longi, bracteis tribus spathu- are clammy, and terminate the branches; the
latis instructi. fruit-stalks are long, having three spathula¬
shaped floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


spathulatis, margine ciliatis, viscosis, adpressis. spathula-shaped, fringed at the edges, clammy,
and pressed to the blossom.

Corolla basi inflata, apice attenuata, longi- Blossom swelled at the base, and tapering to
tudinaliter striata, sub-sesquipollicaria, ore arc- the top, striped longitudinally, nearly an inch
tata, saturate purpurea; laciniis ovatis, expansis. and a half long, straightened at the mouth,
which is of a deep purple; the segments egg-
shaped, and spreading.

Stamina. Filamenta octo capillaria; an- Chives. Eight hair-like threads ; tips within
tlierie indusse, bifidse, basi bicornes. the blossom, are cleft in two, and two-horned
at their base.

Pistillum. Germen clavatum, sulcatum. Pointal. Seed-vessel club-shaped, and fur¬


Stylus exsertus, filiformis. Stigma tetragonum, rowed. Shaft without the blossom, and thread¬
virescens. shaped. Summit four-cornered, and green.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense Julii ad Octobrem. Flowrers from the month of July till October.

RE FEREN TIA. REFERENCE.


1. Folium unum lente auctum. 1. A Leaf magnified.
2. Calyx et Corolla. 2. The Empalement and Blossom.
3. Calyx lente auctus. 3. The Empalement magnified.

4. Stamina et Pistillum. 4. The Chives and Pointal.


5. Stamina a Pisiillo diducta; antbera una 5. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one-
lente aucta. tip magnified. ■
6. Stylus et Stigma lente aucta. 6. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
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ERICA baccans

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

£111 ca, antheris critlatis, inclufis; folia qua- Heath, with cretled tips, within the bloffom;
terna, rigida, glauca; corollis globofis, umbel- the leaves grow by fours, are harth, and of a
latis calycibufque purpureis. whitith green; the flowers are globular, in
bunches, and are, as well as their cups, purple.

DESCRI PTIO. ' " DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, ereclus, fefquipedalis, ra- Stem fhrubby, upright, a foot and a half high,
moliffimus; rami rigidi, ereili, torti. and very branching; the branches are harth, up¬
right, and twitted.

Folia quaterna, glauca, incur vat a, fubtus ful- Leaves grow by fours, are of a whitith green,
cata, rigida, ferrulata. and bent inwards, furrowed beneath, harth,
and flightly fawed at the edge.

Flores terminales, plerumque quatuor, um- Flowers grow at the ends of the branches,
bellati, nutantes; pedunculi longi, purpurei, brac- moftly by fours, in bunches, and nodding; the
teis tribus inftrudli. foot-tlalks are long and purple, having three
floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, leaflets


ovatis, carinatis, adpreflis. egg-thaped, keeled, and prefled to the bloflom.

Corolla globofa purpurea, ima quadrata; Blossom globular, purple, and fquared at the
limbo quadrilobo, laciniis sequalibus, eredlis. bafe; the border four-lobed, the fegments of
which are upright, and equal.

Stamina. Filamenta o6to capillaria, recep- Chives. Eight hair-like threads fixed into
taculo inferta. Antheree critlat®, inclufe. the receptacle. The tips cretled, and within the
bloffom. 1

Pistillum. Germen globofum, magnum, Pointal. Seed-veflel globular, large, and


fulcatum; ftylus fubexfertus, pyramidatus; ftig- furrowed; the thaft nearly without the bloflom,
ma tetragonum. tapering from the bafe; the fummit four-cor¬
nered.

Habitat ad Caput Bon® Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfe Aprilis, in Julium. Flowers from April, till July.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla, I. The Empalement, and Bloffom.

1. Calyx lente audtus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina, et Pitlillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piltillo didudta, anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente audta. tip magnified.

5. Pitlillum et Germen lente au6tum. 5. The Pointal and Seed-veflel magnified.


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m\V YORK
JBOTAN1CAL
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ERICA Bankfia

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antherae muticae, exfertae, attenuata in Heath, whofe tips are beardlefs, without the
filament a plana; corolla cylindrica, viridi-lutea; bloffom, and tapering into threads, which are
caulis decumbens, fub-fpithamaeus; folia terna. flat; the bloffom is cylindrical, of a greenifh yel¬
low; the flem droops, is fcarce a fpan high; the
leaves grow by threes.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis decumbens, rigidus, fcaber, fub-fpi- Stem drooping, harfh, rough, lefs than a fpan
thamasus, ramoiillimus; ramulis brevibus. in height, and very much branched; the fmaller
branches are fhort.

Folia terna, fubulata, trigona, acuminata, The Leaves grow by threes, are awl-fhaped,
fubtus tenuiffime fulcata, fupra plana, glabra, three-fided, and fharp-pointed, flightly chan¬
profunde viridia ; petiolis breviflimis, adpreflis. nelled on the under part, fmooth on the upper,
and flat, of a deep green colour, having fhort
foot-flalks preffed to the Rem.

Flores in ultimis ramulis, bini vel terni, cer- Flowers grow by twos or threes at the end of
nui; pedunculi breviffimi, bradteis nullis. the fmaller branches, hanging down; the foot-
ftalks are very fhort, without any floral leaves.

Calyx* Perianthium duplex, exterms triphyl- Empalement. Cup double, the outer three¬
lum, foliolis lato-ovatis, rigidis, carinatis, acu- leaved, which are of a broad egg-fhape, harfh,
minatis; interius tetraphyllum, foliolis flaccidis, keeled, and fharp pointed; the inner is four¬
linearibus, longioribus. leaved, longer than the former, linear, and limber.

Corolla cylindrica, ad balin parum inflata, The Blossom is cylindrical, flightly fwelled
viridi-lutea, oris laciniis revolutis. at the bafe, of a greenifh-yellow; the fegments
of the mouth are rolled back.

Stamina. Filamenta odto linearia, plana, co¬ Chives. Eight linear, flat threads, much longer
rolla multoties longiora, receptaculo inferta. An- than the bloffom, fixed into the receptacle. Tips
theras muticae, exfertas, nec filamentis diftinguen- beardlefs, without the bloffom, and not to be
dis. diftinguifhed from the threads.

Pistillum. Germen fub-ovatum* Stylus Pointal. Seed-veffel nearly oval. Shaft


filiformis, exfertus. Stigma tetragonum. thread-fhaped, and without the bloffom. Sum¬
mit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfi Februarii, in Julium. Flowers from February, till July.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla, 1. The Empalement, and Bloffom.

2. Calyx lente aubtus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo didu&a; anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente aubta. tip magnified.
A " • A

5. Stylus, et Stigma, lente aubta. 5. The Shaft, and its Summit, magnified.
UBRARY
NEW YORK
BOTANICAL
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ERICA Bruniades.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

JiRiCA, antheris muticis, exfertis, floribus ter- Heath, with beardlefs tips, without the blofTom,
minalibus, feflilibus, fub-ternis; corollis albidis, flowers terminating the fmaller branches, nearly
urceolatis, tebtis calyce lanato; calycis foliolis without foot-ftalks, moftly by threes; bloffoms
ovatis, carneis; foliis ternis, linearibus, obtufis, white, pitcher-fhaped, and covered by a woolly

margine revolutis, pilofis. cup; the leaflets of the cup are egg-fhaped, and
flefh-coloured ; the leaves grow by threes, are li¬
near, blunt, rolled back at the edge, and hairy.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis filiformis, fub-erectus, glaber, flexuo- Stem thread-fhaped, nearly upright, fmooth,
fus; rami filiformes, villofi, ramuli capillar es, and growing zig-zag; the branches are thread-

frequentes, tomentofi. fhaped, and hairy; the fmaller branches are hair¬
like, numerous, and downy.

Folia terna, linearia, obtufa; feniora, reflexa, Leaves grow by threes, are linear, and blunt,
juniora patentia, margine pilis longis hirta. the older ones are bent back, the younger ones
fpreading out, the edge covered with Jong hairs.

Flores in extremis ramulis terminales, fef- Flowers grow at the extremity of the younger
files, fub-terni; bracteis tribus, minutis, adpreffis. branches, fitting clofe, and moftly by threes;
three fmall floral leaves, prefled to the cup.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup of four leaves, which are
ovatis, concavis, exterioribus totis denfifftme egg-fhaped, concave, on their outfides covered
albo-lanatis, interioribus carneis. with a thick white wool, and on their infides
flefh coloured.

Corolla urceolata, pubefcens, alba, tota tebta Blossom pitcher-fhaped, downy, white, and
calyce lanato; oris laciniis patentibus, obtufis. covered totally by a woolly cup; the fegments of
the mouth are fpread out, and blunt.

Stamina. Filamenta obto capillaria. An¬ Chives. Eight hair-like threads. Tips beard¬
theris muticis, exfertis, atris. lefs, without the blofTom, and black.

Pistillum. Germen turbinatum, pubefcen- Pointal. Seed bud turban fhape, downy,
tem, ad bafm glandulofum. Stylus filiformis, and glandular at the bafe. Shaft thread-fhaped,
ftaminibus paulo longior. Stigma tetragonum. a little longer than the chives. Summit four- cor¬
nered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfi Februarii in Junium. Flowers from February, till June.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Folium unum, lente aubtum. 1. A Leaf, magnified.


2. Calyx. 2. The Empalement.
3. Calyx, aubtus. 3. The Empalement, magnified.
4. Corolla. 4. The BlofTom.
5. Corolla, aucta. 5. The BlofTom, magnified.
6. Stamina, et Piftillum. 6. The Chives, and Pointal.
7. Stamina a Piftillo didudla. 7. The Chives, detached from the Pointal.
8. Stamen unum, aubtum. 8. A Chive, magnified.
Q. Piftillum, aubtum. 9. The Pointal, magnified.
LIBRARY
HEW YORK
S©TANICAL
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ERICA caffra.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris arifiatis, inclufis, ftylo exferto; Heath, with bearded tips, within the bloffom ;
corollis campanulatis, albidis; floribus umbella- the ffiaft without; the bloffoms bell-ffiaped and
tis, fecundis, cernuis, odoratiffimis; foliis qua- white; flowers grow in bunches, pointing all
ternis, linearibus, fcabridis. one way, nodding and very fweet; leaves grow
by fours, linear and rough.

DESCRIPT IO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis frudticofus, pedalis, rami et ramuli Stem fhrubby, growing a foot high, the larger
erecti, cinereo-tomentofi, rigidi. and fmaller branches grow upright, of an affi
colour, d,owny and harffi.

Folia quaterna, linearia, obtufa, fubciliata, Leaves grow by fours, linear, obtufe, a
fcabrida, patentia ; petiolis breviffimis, adpreffis. little hairy, roughiffi and fpreading; with very
ffiort foot-fialks, preffed to the branches.

Flores in ramis fupremis racemofi, fecundi, Flowers grow on the upper branches in
cernui, umbellati; pedunculi breviffimi, brac- loofe fpikes, pointing one way, nodding and in
teis tribus minutis inftructi. bunches; the foot-ftalks very ffiort, having
three fmall floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup of four leaves, which


acuminatis, breviffimis, glabris, adpreffis. are tapered, very ffiort, fmooth and preffed to
the bloffom.

Corolla campanulata, minuta, odoratiffima, Blossom, bell-ffiaped, fmall, fweet-fcented,


alba; laciniis ere&is, apicibus parum reflexis. and white; the fegments upright, with the points
a little bent outwards.

Stamina. Filamenta 06I0 capillaria, apice Chives. Eight hair-like threads, curved at
curvata. Anther® ariftat®, incluf®. the end. Tips bearded, and within the blof¬
fom.

Pistillum. Germen fub-globofum, fulca- Pointal. Seed-bud nearly globular and fur¬
tum. Stylus exfertus. Stigma tetragonum. rowed. Shaft without the bloffom. Summit
four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bon® Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menli Octobris, in Februarium. Flowers from October, till February.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Folium unum, lente auctum. 1. A Leaf, magnified.

2. Calyx, et Corolla. 2. The Empalement, and Bloffom.

3. Calyx, lente audtus. 3. The Empalement, magnified.

4. Stamina, lente audta. 4. The Chives, magnified.

5. Pitlillum, lente audtum. 5. The Pointal, magnified.


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botanical
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ERICA calycina.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris criftatis, inclufis; foliis ternis; Heath, with crefted tips, within the bloffom;
rami filiformes; corollis minutis, urceoli-formes; the leaves grow by threes; the branches are thread-
calycis foliola corolla longiora; pedunculis lon- fhaped, the bloffoms fmall and pitcher-fhaped;

giffimis. the leaves of the cup are longer than the flower,
the foot-fialks very long.

descriptio. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis filiformis, fpithameus, eredtus, ramo- Stem thread-fhaped, grows half a foot high,
fiffimus. upright, and very much branched.

Folia terna, lanceolata, fupra concava, ad- The Leaves grow by threes, are lance-fhaped,
preffa, glabra; petiolis breviffimis. concave on the upper furface, prefled to the Item,
and fmooth, having very fhort foot-fialks.

Flores plures, in ultimis ramulis terminales, The Flowers are numerous, and terminate
umbellati; pedunculis carneis, longiffimis, brac- the fmaller branches in bunches; the foot-fialks
teis tribus coloratis inftrudtis. are very long, fleth coloured, with three coloured
floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


lato-ovatis, carneis, corolla longiora. of a broad oval form, flefh coloured, and longer
than the bloflom.

Corolla minuta, urceoli-formis, apice dilute The Blossom is fmall, of a pitcher-fhape,


carnea, ad bati virefcens; oris laciniis reflexis, light flefh colour at the end, greenifh at the bafe;
faturate carneis. the fegments of the mouth are bent back, and
deep flefh coloured.

Stamina. Filamenta o£to capillaria; anthers? Chives. Eight hair-like threads; the tips
criftatas, inclufae. crefted, and within the bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen fub-globofum. Stylus Pointal. Seed-veffel nearly globular; the


fub• exfertus filiformis. Stigma tetragonum. fhaft thread-fhaped, partly out of the bloffom.
Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfi Septembri, in Decembrem. Flowers from September, till December.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.
1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloffom.

2. Corolla. 2. The Bloffom.

3. Calyx, lente au6tus. 3. The Empalement magnified.

4. Stamina, et Piftillum. 4. The Chives and Pointal.

5. Stamina a Piftillo didudla; anthera una 5. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente audta. tip magnified.

6. Stylus, et Stigma lente, audta. 6. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
UBRARY
HEW YORK
BOTANICAL
(iAUDEN
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ERICA campanulata.

CHARACTER SPECXFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, inclufis; floribus foli- Heath, with beardlefs tips, within the blolTom ;

tariis, cernuis; calycibus coloratis ; corollis glo- flowers grow fingly, hanging down; cups co¬
bofo-campanulatis, luteis; foliis quaternis, line- loured; bloflotns globularly bell-fhaped, and yel¬
aribus, anguftiflimis. low; leaves grow by fours, are linear, and very
narrow.
#

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, pedalis, erectus, filiformis; Stem fhrubby, grows a foot high, upright, and
rami et ramuli filiformes, virgati, glabri. thread-fhaped; the greater and fmaller branches
are thread-fhaped, twiggy, and fmooth.

Folia quaterna, linearia, angufta, glabra, Leaves grow by fours, linear, narrow, fmooth,
ere&a; petiolis breviflimis, adpreilis. and upright; very fhort foot-ftalks, prefled to
the branches.

Flores terminales, fubfolitarii, cernui; pe- Flowers grow moftly folitary, at the end of
dunculi colorati, bradeis tribus, coloratis, fubu- the fmaller branches, hanging down; the foot-
latis, intlrudi. flalks are coloured, having three awl-fhaped,
coloured floral leaves on them.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, leaflets egg-


ovatis, acuminatis, concavis, adprelfis, coloratis. fhaped, pointed, concave, prefled to the blof-
fom, and coloured.

Corolla globofo-campanulata, lutea; laciniis Blossom, globularly bell-fhaped, and yellow;


femi-ovatis, fubreflexis. the fegments half egg-fhaped, and a little re¬
flexed.

Stamina. Filamenta odo, capillaria, incur- Chives. Eight hair-like threads, curved in¬
vata. Antherae muticas, inclufae. wards. Tips beardlefs, and within the bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen fub-globofum. Stylus Pointal. Seed-bud nearly globe-fhaped.


columnaris. Stigma tetragonum. Shaft pillar-fhaped. Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menti Junii, in Auguftum. Flowers from June, till Auguft.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloflom.


V

2. Corolla. 2. The Bloflom.

3. Calyx, lente audlus. 3. The Empalement, magnified.

4. Stamina, et Piflillum. 4. The Chives, and Pointal.

5. Anthera una, audta. 5. A Tip, magnified.

6. Piflillum, lente audtum. 6. The Pointal, magnified.


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MEW YORK
BCTANICAL
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ERICA capitata.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, fub-inclufis; corollis Heath, with beardlefs tips, juft within the blof-
globofts, albidis, tomentofis, tedtis calyce mag- foms, which arc globular, white and downy, be¬
no, hifpido, colorato; foliis ternis, pilofis. ing covered with a large, hairy, coloured cup ;
leaves grow by threes, and are hairy.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis eredtus, laxus, filiformis, fufcus; rami Stem upright, weak, thread - fhaped, and
filiform es, yilloli; ramuli capillares, frequentes, brown; branches thread fhaped, and hairy; fmall
tomentofi. branches like hairs, numerous, and downy.

Folia terna, linearia, obtula, dorfo fulcata, Leaves grow by threes, linear, blunt, furrowed
pilis longis hirta; petiolis breviffimis, adpreffis. at the back, and covered with long, harfh hairs;
foot-flalks very ffiort, and prefled to the branches.

Flores in extremis ramulis terminales bini, Flowers grow at the extremity of the fmaller
vel terni, cernuo-patenti; pedunculi breviffimi, branches, by twos or threes, fpreading out, and
bracteis tribus, minutis, adpreffis, inftructi. nodding; foot-ftalks very ffiort, having three fmall
floral leaves, which are prefled to the bloffiom.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup of four leaves, which are
ovatis, concavis, incurvatis maximis, totis den- egg-fhaped, concave, turned inwards, very large,
fiffime hirtis, adpreffis, luteo-viridis. quite covered with ftrong hairs, prefled to the
bloffoms, and of a yellow-green.

Corolla fub-globofa, alba, lanata, in frnu Blossom nearly globular, white and woolly,
calycis fere recondita. almoft hid within the cup.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria, recep- Chives. Eight hair-like threads, fixed into
taculo inferta. Antheras muticas fub-inclufas. the receptacle. Tips beardlefs, and nearly within
the bloffiom.

Pistillum. Germen fubrotundum, apice pi- Pointal. Seed-bud nearly round, and hairy
lofum. Stylus filiformis, exfertus. Stigma te- at the end. Shaft thread-fhaped, and without
tragonum. the bloffiom. Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonse Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Flope.

Floret a menti Julii, in Odlobrem. Flowers from the month of July, till October.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. Empalement, and Bloffiom.


2. Corolla. 2. A Bloffiom.

3. Calyx, lente audlus. 3. The Empalement, magnified.

4. Stamina, et Piftillum. 4. The Chives, and Pointal.

5. Stamina a Pifiillo didudta, anthera una 5. The Chives detached from the Pointal, one
lente audta. Tip magnified.

6. Stylus, et Stigma, lente audta. 6. The Shaft, and its Summit, magnified.
UCKARY
fUBW YORK
botanical
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ERICA cerinthoides.

CHARACTER SPECIF1CUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, inclulis; corollis tubu- Heath, with beardlefs tips, within the blof-
lato-ventricofis, lsetc fanguineis, fafciculatis, hil- foms, which are of an inflated tubular fbape, of
pidis; foliis quaternis, rigidis, ciliatis. a rich blood colour, hairy, and bundled together;
the leaves grow by fours, are harfh, and lathed.

0
DESCRI PTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caul is flexibilis, eredtus, cinereus, fefquipe- Stem grows upright, pliant, afh-coloured, and
dalis; rami pauci, eredti, raro ramuloti. a foot and a half high; the branches are few, and
upright, feldom branching.

Folia quaterna, ciliata, oblonga, convexa, The Leaves grow by fours, are lathed, oblong,
fubtus fulco exerata, petiolis brevibus, adpreflis. rounded on the upper furface, and deeply fur¬
rowed on the under fide, with fhort foot-ftalks,
prefled to the Items.

Flores magni, feffiles, aggefti in capitulum, The Flowers are large, growing in clofe
cernui, pedunculi hifpidi, bradteis tribus foliis bunches, fixed altogether at the end of the
fimilibus inftrudti. branches, bending downward; the foot-fialks are
hairy, having three floral leaves, fimilar to the
other leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


lanceolatis, hifpidis, foliis limilibus. lance-fhaped, hairy, and like the other leaves.

Corolla, tubulato-ventricofa, Pete fanguinea, Blossom, of an inflated tubular form, hairy,


hirfuta, ore obfolete quadrifida; pollicaria. and of a rich red or blood colour, the mouth
flightly cut into four fegments; an inch long.

Stamina. Filamentaodtocapillaria. Antherae Chives. Eight hair-like threads. Tips beard¬

muticae, inclufae. lefs, and within the bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen cylindricum, hirfutum. Pointal. Seed-veflel cylinder fhape, and

Stylus filiformis, fub-exfertus. Stigma tetrago- hairy. Style tnread-fhaped, nearly without the

num. bloflom. Summit four-cornered.

Flabitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menli Augufii, in Aprilem. Flowers from Auguft, till April.

REFERENTI A. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloflom.

2. Calyx lente audtus. 1. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

A. Stamina a Piftillo didudta; anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente audta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus, et Stigma, lente audta. 5. The Shaft, and its Summit, magnified.
LIBRARY
NEW YORK
BOTANICAL
garden
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ERICA cernua.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris criftatis, inclulis; floribus um- Heath, with crefted tips, within the bloffom;
bellatis, cernuis, fecundis, fub-ovatis, pallide- the flowers grow in bunches, nodding, all point¬

carneis; foliis quaternis. ing one way, nearly egg-fhaped, and of a pale
flefh colour; leaves growing by fours.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, eredtus, pedalis; rami Stem fhrubby,upright, and grows a foot high;

fub-fimplices, eredlo-patenti. the branches are almoft Ample, upright, and


fpreading.

Folia quaterna, linearia, obtufa, fubtus ful- Leaves grow by fours, linear, blunt, chan¬
cata, fub-fcabrida; petiolis breviffimis, adpreflis. nelled beneath, and roughifh ; having very fhort
foot-ftalks preffed to the branches.

Flores in apice ramorem umbellati, cernui; Flowers grow in bunches, at the end of the
pedunculi longi, colorati, bradteis tribus, linea- branches, nodding; the foot-ftalks are long and
ribus, inftru&i. coloured, with three linear floral-leaves on them.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup of four leaves, which


minutis, fubulatis, ciliatis, coloratis. are fmall, awl-fhaped, fringed, and coloured.

Corolla fub-ovata, pallide-carnea; laciniis Blossom, nearly egg-fhaped, of a pale flefh-


limbi acuminatis, fub-credtis. colour; the fegments of the border tapered, and
nearly upright.

Stamina. Filamenta odlo capillaria apice Chives. Eight hair-like threads, bent down¬
introrfum declinata. Antherse criftatre, inclufae. ward on the inner fide. Tips crefted, and within
the blofl'om.

Pistillum. Germen turbinatum, fulcatum. Pointal. Seed-bud turban-fhaped, and chan

Stylus cylindricus, fub-inclufus. Stigma obfolete nelled. Shaft cylindrical juft within the blol

tetragonum. fom. Summit obfcurely four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menli Augufti in Decembrem. Flowers from Auguft, till December.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloflorm

2. Calyx, lente audtus. 2. The Empalement, magnified.

3. Stamina a Piftillo didudta, anthera una 3. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente audta. tip magnified.

4. Germen, Stylus, et Stigma, lente audta. 4. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summit, mag¬
nified.
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UBR*rY
KEVV YORK
botanical
oari>sn

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A SHORT DISSERTATION, &c.

Antecedent to the year 1772, the few species of this, now so numerous Genus, known in our British gardens, were,
the E. vulgaris, E. Tetralix, E. cineria and E. vagans natives; the E. Daboecii, from Ireland; the E. arborea introduced in
1748, from Madeira; the E. herbacea or carnea in 1763, from Switzerland; the E. mediterranea in 1765, from Minorca,
and the E. scoparia, E. viridi-purpurea, E. australis, E. ciliaris and E. umbellata, from Portugal, between the years 1768 and
1707. The two other European species we possess, the E. stricta and E. multiflora, natives of Spain, have been but twelve
years in cultivation with us. Of the African species, found within the district of the Cape of Good Hope and the adjacent
territory, which have swelled the Genus to so great an extent; and which, but as an echo to the general voice, may be said
to contribute, by the extreme brilliancy of the flowers of these species, more than any other, to the present splendor of our
green-houses, were unknown, till the above sera, to our English botanists, but by name. I11 the year 177 1 seeds of two
species were received, at the Hammersmith nursery, from the Cape, both of them vegetated; the first which flowered,
proving the E. tubiflora, of the Sp. Plant, of Linnaeus; the other, from the resemblance it bears to the Spruce Fir, was
then named E. abietina; but since, altered in the Kew catalogue, to E. concinna. Two years subsequent, l774, Mr.
Francis Masson, botanical collector to His Majesty at the Cape, laid the foundation for the celebrity of that superb collection
at Kew, which for many years, with unrivalled lustre, far outshone all others, particularly by the number and variety of
this most beautiful tribe of plants: for which we refer to the second Vol. of the catalogue of that garden; where the E.
curviflora, E. lutea, E. cruenta, E. persoluta, E. baccans, E. marifolia, E. abietina, E. corifolia, E. paniculata, E. empe-
trifolia, E. spumosa, E. capitata, E. conspicua, E. cerinthoides, E. viscaria, E. Plukenetii, E. Petiveri, arid E. petiolata,
are all stated to have been of that year’s introduction. From this period, till within these few years, the accession was so
rapid, that it would be difficult, nay nearly impracticable, to ascertain the precise date when most of the remaining species
were introduced; as many different collectors were about this time, or shortly after, producing in, their collections new
species to which they each claimed the honour of priority of introduction; the enumeration of these, therefore, in succession
would be but a list of names, and in no way illustrate the present subject. It will be nothing relevant to our purpose, to
knoW how many Ericas were enumerated by Petiver, Plukenet, Hermann, Oldenland, Ray, ike. &c.; as, before Linnaeus
had, by his mode of classification, determined the precise limits of the Genus, the confusion that then pervaded all the elder
Botanists is such, that any comment from them, would rather perplex, than elucidate. Wherefore, beginning with the
Systema Naturae of Linnaeus, Vol. II. of 1767, including the European species, he there enumerates but 42; and Dahlgren,
in 1770, edited a dissertation, under his eye, on the genus, containing a catalogue ot 58 names from Bergius, the Mantissa,
&c. Thunberg returning from Africa in 1772, added 13 to the number; all of which were inserted in the Supplementum
Plantarum of 1781. From this last work, and some other sources, Murray has, in his Svst. Veg. of 1784, made up a
Catalogue of 74 names. The last to be noticed, till the appearance of the Hort. Kew. is, the Dissertatio de Erica; published
under the inspection of Thunberg, in 1785, with a list and descriptions of 91 species. In the year 1789, a Catalogue of
the plants cultivated in the Royal Gardens at Kew, was published by Mr. Aiton; where, 41 Heaths are to be found in the
2d Vol.; and four in the addenda at the end of the 3d, making in all 45. Martyn in his Edition of Miller’s Dictionary,
fasciculus of 1795, article Erica, enumerates but 84. Willdenow, collating from all the foregoing, and assisted by his
friend Wendland, of the Royal Gardens at Herenhausen, Hanover; has mounted the list to 137,°in his Species Plantarum,
now publishing in continuation at Berlin. This, however, as will appear by the catalogue, falls far short of the number,
we have now, in actual cultivation in Britain. From the great number of beautiful specimens lately received by G. Hibbert,
Esq. many of which were accompanied by seeds, now living plants, contributing to the present richness of the extensive
and superb Collection of that Gentleman at Clapham, and brought from the Cape of Good Hope by Mr. Niven, who was
employed for the only purpose, of amassing the vegetable treasures of that country, to enrich the Clapham gardens, and
herbarium; as well as, from the numberless importations, by different hands, of seeds, since we have been in possession of
that territory; a fair conjecture may be made, that the Genus is not bounded, by double the number of species with which
we are at present acquainted. Few, if any, of the species but have been increased by cuttings; which has occasioned the
total disuse of propagation by layers; wherefore, the only methods we shall treat of, is this, and from the seed. The
process for the making, and planting of the cuttings, is as follows. Let a middle sized pot be prepared by filling
it, within three inches of the margin, with small broken potsherds, or some such matter; to the end that, a constant
and ready drain may be gained for the water, which it will be necessary to give the cuttings, at any time the earth,
&c. shall appear dry on the surface. Then consulting the list given with Volume 1st, take a sufficient quantity of sandy
loam, sandy peat, or common sand, or a mixture of any of them finely sifted, to fill the pot up to the margin, and
press it lightly with the hand; thus prepared it is fit to receive the cuttings. These must be taken about an inch long,
or shorter, according to the nature and season of the plants making their fresh branches, from the smallest and tenderest
shoots; cutting off the leaves from two-thirds of their length close to the shoot; for which a pair of small scissars
is the most convenient. When a few are thus made ready, for not many should be cut at a time, lest they wither before
they can be planted, with a small piece of wood, tapered to a point, dibble them into the pot; fixing the lower end of'the
cutting as firm as possible. When the pot has been thus filled with them, at about half an inch distance each way,
leaving a clear half inch from the inner edge; cover them with a small bell-glass, procured as near as possible to fit within its
inner rim, then place it under a large hand-glass, or frame, where it must be kept from the stronger rays of the sun, until
the cuttings are rooted. Some time after this has taken place, which will be known by their growth, the small bell-glass
must be first removed; about a week after, the pot may be taken from under the large hand-glass, and the plants exposed
to the open air, in the shade of a north wall, or in winter put in the shady part of the green-house, to protect them from the
sun and wind, till they are removed into separate pots. The seeds of some species, which ripen in this country, as well as
those which may be procured from the Cape, may be sown about the middle of March, in pots, prepared in the same way
as directed for cuttings; with this exception, that the earth be invariably sandy peat finely sifted; the seeds should be covered
30 slightly, that they may be but just concealed; when covered, they must be watered with a watering-pot whose rose, or
head should admit of a passage for the water, only as a light dew; lest the seeds be all thrown together, or washed over the
side of the pot. Both plants from cuttings, and seedlings, may be removed with greater safety whilst quite younsr, than
after they have acquired a considerable size. The smallest pots that can be procured, arc the best for the first transplanting;
in which they should remain, till the pots are quite filled with roots. The earth in which all Heaths thrive most is a soft,
loose, sandy peat. That nothing may be wanting, which we can contribute, to the illustration of the Genus; a list is
subjoined, communicated by Messrs. Lee and Kennedy, of all those species cultivated by them at their nursery, Ham¬
mersmith; unquestionably, "the most extensive collection, of living plants, of every denomination, now in Europe.

#
ERICA coccinea.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, fub-inclufis, ftylus ex- Hea th, with beardlefs tips, juft within the blof-
lertus; flores in fumitate ramorem, verticillati, fom, fhaft without; the flowers grow at the end
clavati, curvati, coccinei; foliola calycis acuta; of branches in whorls, club-fhaped, curved, and

foliis fen is, incurvis. of a fcarlet colour; the leaves of the cup are
fharp-pointed ; the leaves grow by Axes, and are
turned inwards.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis eredtus, cinereo-fufcus, pedalis; rami Stem upright, of a brownifh afh-colour, grow¬
verticillati, eredto-patentes, raro ramuloli. ing a foot high; branches grow in whorls, up-
right, and fpreading, feldom branching.

Folia fena, incurvata, acuta, glabra, fub- Leaves grow by fixes, turned inwards, fharp-
glauca; petiolis adpreffis. pointed, fmooth, and of a bluifti green; the leaf-
ftems prefled to the branches.

Flores in fummite ramorum verticillati, con- Flowers grow in clofe whorls at the top of
ferti, breviflime pedunculati, bradteae calycifor- the branches; the foot-ftalks very fhort, the floral
mes. leaves appearing like a fecond cup.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


fubulatis, marginibus membranaceis, acutis, ca- awl-fhaped, fkinny at the edges, fharp-pointed,
rinatis. and keel-fhaped.

Corolla curvata, elevata, pubefcens, fan- Blossom curved, club-fhaped, downy, and of
guinea ; oris laciniis eredtis. a blood colour; the fegments of the mouth are
upright.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria, longi- Chives. Eight hair-like threads, the length
tudine tubi. Antherae muticse, fub-inclufae. of the tube. Tips beardlefs, and juft within the
bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen turbinatum, fulcatum. Point a l. Seed-bud turban-ftiaped, and fur¬


Stylus filiformis, exfertus. Stigma tetragonum. rowed. Shaft thread-fhaped, and without the
bloflom. Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menli Augufti, in Decembrem. Flowers from Auguft, till December.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloflom.

1. Calyx lente audtus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo didudta, anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal, one
lente audta. tip magnified.

6. Stylus, et Stigma, lente audta. 5. The Shaft, and its Summit, magnified.
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UBRARY
NEW YORK
BOTANICAL
OARBEN
ERICA conspicua.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris basi bicornibus, exsertis; corol- Heath, with tips two-liorned at their base, and
lis clavatis, sesquipollicaribus, luteis; foliis qua- without the blossom: the blossoms are club-
ternis, glabris, obtusis, crassis. shaped, an inch and a half long, yellow: the
leaves grow by fours, are smooth, blunt, and
thick.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTIONS

Caulis fruticosus, erectus, tripedalis, ramosus; Stem shrubby, upright, grows three feet high,
ramulis verticillatis, brevibus. and branching: the smaller branches are short,
and grow in whorls.

Folia quaterna, obtusa, linearia, crassa; pe- Leaves grow by fours, are blunt, linear,
tiolis brevissimis, adpressis. thick, and have short foot-stalks pressed to the
branches.

Flores in apicibus ramulorum terminales, Flowers are terminal at the summit of the
nutantes, pedunculis brevibus, bracteis tribus smaller branches, waving, having short foot¬
spathulatis. stalks, with three spathula-shaped floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum; foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved: leaves blunt,


obtusis, glabris, sub-ovatis. smooth, and nearly egg-shaped.

Corolla clavata, sesquipollicaris, lutea, basi Blossom club-shaped, an inch and a half long,
attenuata; oris laciniis magnis, revolutis. yellow, and tapering to the base: the segments
of the mouth are large, and rolled back.

Stamina. Filamenta octo capillaria, recep- Chives. Eight hair-like threads, fixed to the
taculo inserta; antheris bifidis, basi bicornibus, receptacle: the tips are cleft, two-horned at
exsertis. their base, and without the blossom.

Pistillum. Germen cylindricum, sulcatum. Pointal. Seed-vessel cylinder-shaped, and


Stylus filiformis. Stigma tetragonum. furrowed. Shaft thread-shaped. Summit four-
cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense Junii in Augustum. Flowers from June till August.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement and Blossom.

3. Calyx lente auctus. 3. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina et Pistillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Pistillo diducta, anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal, oile
lente aucta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus et Stigma lente aucta. 5. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
LIBRARY
NEW YORK
BOTANICAL
GARDEN
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ERICA coronata.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris ariftatis, inclufis; corollis cylin- Heath, with bearded tips, within the blofloms,
drico-clavatis, fpeciofiflimis; folds odtonis feu which are cylindrically club-fhaped and very
fpiraliter fparfis, truncatis, arcuatis. Ihewy; the leaves grow by eights or fpirally
fcattered, appear cut off at the ends and arched.

DESCRIPTIO.
description.
Caulis fruticofus, eredbus, bipedalis, bafi fim-
Stem fhrubby, eredt, grows two feet high,
pliciflimus, rami pauci, fimplices, longi.
limple at the bafe, with but few branches, which
are limple, and long.

Folia octona, linearia, obtufa, fupra fcabra,


Leaves grow by eights, are linear, blunt,
lubtus fulcata, attenuata in petiolos longos ca-
rough on their upper, and furrowed on their
p ill ares.
under furface, tapering into long hair-like foot-
Italks.

Flores plures, fubterminales, limpliciter ver-


The Flowers are numerous, nearly terminat¬
ticillati, conferti, vifcofi; pedunculi longi recur- ing the branches, in limple whorls, crowded toge¬
vati, brafteis tribus inftructi. ther, and clammy; the foot-ltalks are long, bent
backward, with three floral leaves.
I
Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis
Empalement. Cup four-leaved, leaflets
lanceolatis, vifcofis, adpreflis.
lance-fhaped, clammy, and prefled to the bloflom.
Corolla cylindrico-clavata, pollicaria, apice
Blossom cylindrically club-fhaped, an inch
recurvata, ima parte profunde carnea, apice viri-
long, bent back at the point, the lower part of a
die, ore ardlata, laciniis redtis.
ftrong flelh colour, the end green, comprefled at
the mouth, whofe fegments are flraight.
Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria; recep-
Chives. Eight hair-like threads fixed into
taculo inferta. Antherae ariftate, inclufae.
the receptacle. Tips bearded, and within the
bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen clavatum, fulcatum.


Pointal. Seed-veflel club-lhaped, and fur¬
Stylus filiformis, fubexfertus. Stigma peltatum,
rowed. Shaft thread-fhaped, almoft without the
concavum, viride.
bloflom. Summit Ihield-lhaped, concave, and
green.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei.


Native of the Cape of Good Hope.
Floret a Februarii, in Aprilem.
Flowers from February, till April.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.
1. Folium unum, cum petiolo. 1. A Leaf, with its foot-Aalk.

2. Calyx, et Corolla. 2. The Empalement, and Bloflom.

3. Calyx, lente audtus. 3. The Empalement, magnified.

4. Stamina, et Piftillum. 4. The Chives, and Pointal.

5. Stamina a Piftillo didudta, anthera una 5. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente audta. tip magnified.

6. Stylus, et Stigma lente audta. 6. The Shaft, and its Summit magnified-.
/*tca*' ccmmata.
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LIBRARY
NEW YORK
BOTANICAL
CARMEN

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ERICA coflata.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, inclufis; flylo exferto; He ath, with beardlefs tips, within the bloffiom;

corollis fub-cylindraceis, incarnatis, coftatis; fo- pointal without; bloffoms nearly cylindrical, fleffi-

liis pubefcentibus, ternis. coloured, and ribbed; leaves downy, growing by


threes.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, bipedalis, ere£tus ramofus; Stem ffirubby, grows two feet high, upright,

ramuli frequentiffimi. and branching; the fmallerbranches are numerous.

Folia caulina, terna, redta, linearia, obtufa, The Leaves of the stem grow by threes,
pubefcentia ; folia raraea, eredtiora, ovata, fub- ftraight out, linear, blunt, and downy; thofe on
ferrata, acuminata ; petiolis adpreffis. the fmaller branches, more upright, egg-ffiaped, a
little fawed at the edges, and ffiarp pointed; the
foot-ftalks preffed to the branches.

Flores plures, tres, quatuorve ramuli termi¬ The Flowers are numerous, growing by

nates; pedunculi breviffimi. threes, or fours, at the end of the fmaller


branches ; foot-ftalks very short.

Calyx. Perianthium duplex; interim, tetra- Empalement. Cup double; the inner four-
phyllum, foliolis fub-ovatis, acuminatis, ferratis, leaved ; leaves almoft: egg-ffiaped, pointed, faw¬
coloratis, apice fulcatis, adpreffis; exterius tri- ed, coloured, furrowed at the point, and preffed
phyllum, priori brevioribus, virefcentibus. to the bloffom; the outer three-leaved, ffiorter
than the former, and greeniffi.

Corolla fub-cylindracea, apice paulula cur- Blossom nearly cylindrical, curved a little at
vata, incamata, coftata; oris laciniis eredtis, al- the end, of a fieffi colour, and ribbed; the feg-

bidis, obtulis. ments of the mouth are upright, white and blunt.

Stamina. Filamenta odto, ima parte fpathu- Chives. Eight threads, fpathula-shaped at the
lata, receptaculo inferta. Antherae inclufae, mu- bafe, and fixed into the receptacle. Tips within
/

ticae. the bloffom, and beardlefs.

Pistillum. Germen fub-cylindricum, ful- Pointal. Seed-veffel almoft cylinder-ffiaped,


catum. Stylus attenuatus, exfertus, apice curva- and furrowed. Shaft tapered, without the blof¬
tus. Stigma tetragonum virefcens. fom, and curved at the end. Summit four-cor¬
nered, and green.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a Februarii, in Junium. Flowers from February, till June.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Folium unum, lente audtum. 1. A Leaf, magnified.

2. Calyx, et Corolla. 2. The Empalement, and Bloffom.

3. Calyx, lente audtus. 3. The Empalement, magnified.

4. Stamina, et Piitillum. 4. The Chives, and Pointal.

5. Stamen unum, lente audtum. 5. One Chive, magnified.

6. Stylus, et Stigma, lente audta. 6. The Shaft, and its Summit, magnified.
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ERICA cruenta.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris ariftatis, fub-inclufis, foliisqua-


Heath, whofe tips are bearded, and juft within
ternis, corollis fub-ternis, glabris. clavato-cylin-
the bloffom; the leaves grow by fours, the flowers
dricis, pollicaribus; faturate fanguineis.
moftly by threes, and are fmooth, cylindrically
club-fhaped, an inch long, and of a deep blood
colour.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis frutico'fus, bipedalis, eredtus; rami Stem fhrubby, grows two feet high, and up¬
eredti, ramulofi; ramnlis breviffimis, frequen- right ; the branches grow upright, having many
tiffimis. fmallei branches, which are thick fet, and very
fhort.

Folia quaterna, linearia, glabra, nitida, fa¬ The Leaves grow by fours, are linear, fmooth,
turate viridia, petiolis breviffimis, adpreffis. fhining, and of a deep green, having very fhort
foot-ftalks, preffed to the ftem.

Flores in ramulis terminales, prope caulis The Flowers terminate the ffiorter branches
fummitatem, racemum quail formantes longum; near the fummit of the ftem, forming as it were
pedunculi longi, bradeis tribus ad balin in- a long bunch; the foot-ftalks are long, having
fir ucii. three floral leaves at their bafe.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


lanceolatis, ferratis, adpreffis. lance-fhaped., fawed, and prefled to the bloffom.

Corolla clavato-cylindrica, glabra, cruenta, The Blossom is cylindrically club-fhaped,


pollicaris; oris laciniis reclis, obtulis. fmooth, blood colour, and an inch long; the
fegments of the mouth are obtufe, and ftraight.

Stamina.' Filamcnta oclo capillaria, recep- Chives. Eight hair-like threads, fixed into
taculo inferta; antherae ariftatas, fub-inclufas. the receptacle; the tips are bearded, and juft
within the bloffom.

Pistillum. Germen fub-ovatum, fulcatum, Pointal. Seed-veflel nearly egg-fhaped, fur¬

pubefcens; ftylus exfertus; fiigma tetragonum. rowed, and downy; Shaft without the bloffom;
Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menli Augufti, in Decembrem. Flowers from Auguft, till December.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. Empalement, and Bloffom.

2. Calyx, lente audus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piffillo diduda; anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one

lente auda. tip magnified.

5. Stylus, et Stigma, lente auda. 5. The Shaft, and its Summit magnified.
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ERICA cubica.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris bafi bicornibus, fub-inclufis; Heath, with tips two-horned at thebafe, nearly

fiylus longiffimus; corollis fub-campanulatis, within the bloffoms; ffiaft very long; bloffoms

pmpureis, oris laciniis patulis, maximis, ovatis; almoft bell-ffiaped, and purple, having the feg-

foliis fub-quaternis, obtufis. ments of the mouth fpreading, very large, and

egg-fhaped; leaves growing moftly by fours, and

blunt ended.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis eredlus, teres, ramofus, fruticofus, pe- Stem upright, cylindrical, branching, ffirub-

dalis; rami et ramuli filiformes, laxi, erefiti. by, growing a foot high; the larger and fmaller

branches are thread-fhaped, weak, and upright.

Folia quaterna, faspe quina, obtufa, refiexa, Leaves grow by fours, often by fives, blunt

apice incurvata, glabra, nitida, fubtus fulcata; ended, bent back, and turned inward at the point;

petiolis mbris, adpreffis. fmooth, finning, and channelled beneath ; foot-

ftalks red, and preffed to the ftem.

Flores fub-terminales, umbellati, cernui; pe- The Flowers grow near the fummits of the

dunculi longiffimi, angulati, purpurei, foliolis branches, in bunches, hanging down; having

binis, coloratis inftrudli. very long foot-ftalks, angled, purple, and two

finall, coloured leaves on them.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are

ovatis, acuminatis, adpreffis, apicibus viridis. egg-fhaped, tapered, and prefifed to the bloffom,

the points green.

Corolla globofo-campanulata, purpurea, Blossom globularly bell-ffiaped and purple,

limbo maximo, expanfo; laciniis ovatis, con- the border very large and fpreading; the fegments

cavis. egg-ffiaped and concave.

Stamina. Filamenta ofito capillaria, longi- Chives. Eight hair-like threads, the length

tudine tubi, receptaculo inferta. Antheras bi- of the tube, fixed into the receptacle. Tips two-

fidae, ad bafin bicornutae. cleft, and two-homed at the bafe.

Pistillum. Germen fub-globofum. Stylus Pointal. Seed-bud nearly globular. Shaft

ffiiformis, exfertus, corolla duplo longior, purpu- thread-ffiaped, without the bloffom, twice its

reus. Stigma concavum, marginatum. length, and purple. Summit concave, and bor¬

dered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menli Aprili, in Julium. Flowers from April, till July.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloffom.

2. Calyx lente audtus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina, et Pittillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo didufta; anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente audla. tip magnified.

5. Stylus, et Stigma, lente au6ta. 5. The Shaft, and Summit, magnified.


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ERICA curviflora.

CHARACTER SPECJFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, fub-exfertis; corollis Heath, with beardlefs tips, juft without the
curvatis, clavato cylindricis, pubefcentibus, ter- bloffioms, which are curved, cylindrically club-
minalibus,luteo-aurantiis; foliis quaternis,lineari- ffiaped, downy, terminating the branches, and of
bus, glabris. a yellow gold colour; the leaves grow by fours,
are linear, and fmooth.

DESCRIPTIO.
DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, bipedalis; laxus, fuperne Stem fhrubby, grows two feet high, weak,
yillofus; rami laxi, ramulofi, ramulis breviffimis, and hairy at the top; branches weak and nume¬
frequentiffimis, fparfis. rous; the fmaller branches are very ffiort, nu¬
merous, and fcattered.

Folia quaterna, linearia, obtufa, glabra, fub-


Leaves grow by fours, are linear, blunt,
tus fulcata.
fmooth, and furrowed underneath.

Flores terminales in ramulis, patenti, race-


Flowers Terminate the fmaller branches,
mum longum formantes; pedunculi breviffimi,
fpreading out, and forming a long fpike; foot-
foliolis tribus, adpreffis.
ftalks very ffiort, with three fmall leaves prefled
to the cup.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis


Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are
fubulatis, acuminatis, glabris, adpreffis.
awl-ffiaped, tapering, fmooth, and prefled to the
4, bloflom.

Corolla curvata, clavata, pollicaris, pube- Blossom curved, club-ffiaped, an inch long,
fcentia, luteo-aurantia; oris laciniis expanlis. downy, and of a yellow gold colour; the feg-
ments of the mouth fpread outward.

Stamina. Filamenta 06I0 capillaria, curvata, Chives. Eight hair-like threads, which are
longitudine tubi. Anther® mutic®. curved, and the length of the bloflom. Tips
beardlefs.

Pistillum. Germen clavatum, fulcatum. Pointal. Seed-bud club-ffiaped, and fur¬


Stylus ffiiformis, curvatus, exfertus. Stigma te¬ rowed. Shaft thread-ffiaped, curved, and with¬
tragon um. out the bloflom. Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bon®-Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menli Jalii, in Novembrem. Flowers from July, till November.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloflom.

2. Calyx, lente auctus. 2. The Empalement, magnified.

3. Stamina, et Piffillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo diducta; anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente audta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus, et Stigma, lente audla. 5. The Shaft, and its Summit, magnified.
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BOTANICAL
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ERICA difcolor.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris arifiatis, inclufis; fiylo exferto; Heath, with bearded tips within the bloITom;

corollis tubulolis, fubcylindraceis; foliis ternis. the pointal Handing out; the bloITom tubular,
nearly cylindrical; leaves growing by threes.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, tripedalis, teres, eredtus, Stem fhrubby, grows to three feet high, cy¬

gracilis, fuperne pubefcens, ramulis fubfimplici- lindrical, upright, Render, downy at the top, the

bus. branches feldom divided.

Folia terna, linearia, eredlo-patentia, fupra Leaves growing by threes, linear, between

plana, fubtus revoluta, nitida, faturate viridia. upright and fpreading, fmooth on the upper,
and rolled back on the under, furface, fhining
and dark green.

Flores plerumque tres, fubcernui, ramei, ter¬ Flowers are commonly three'together, bend¬
minal es, prope caulis fummitatem. ing a little downward, terminating the branches
near the upper part of the Item'.

Calyx. Perianthium duplex, interius tetra- Empalement. Cup double, the inner four¬
phyllum, foliolis ovatis, eredtis, luteo-virentibus: leaved, ovate, eredt, and of a greenifh yellow:
exterius triphyllum, foliolis brevioribus priori in- the outer three-leaved, the leaves Ihorter than the
cumbentibus. former, and lying on them.

Corolla tubulofa, fubcylindracea, ima parte, Blossom tubular, nearly cylindrical, of a light
carnea, pallida, fumma, flavo-virefcente, limbo flefh colour at the bafe, and yellowilh green at
quadrilobo, sequali eredtiufculo. the mouth, which is divided into four equal
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nearly eredt fegments.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria, recepta- Chives. Eight hair-like threads, fixed into

culo inferta. Antheras oblongiufculae, bipartitas, the receptacle. Tips nearly oblong, divided,

inclufae, arittatas. bearded, and within the bloITom.

Pistillum. Germen oblongum. Stylus fili- Pointal. Seed-velTel oblong. Shaft thread-

formis, corolla longior, apice inflexo. Stigma Ihaped,, longer than the bloITom, the point bend¬
fubtetragonum, virefcens. ing. The Summit nearly four-cornered, and
greenifh.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a Novembri in Aprilem. Time of flowering from November till April.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement with the BloITom.

2. Calyx lente audtus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Pittillo didudta; anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal, one
lente audta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus, et Stigma lente audta. 5. The Shaft, and its Summit magnified/

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ERICA droseroides.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris cristatis, inclusis; corolla ven- Heath, with crested tips, within the blossom,
tricosa, ore obliqua, purpurea; pedunculis co- which is big-bellied, oblique-mouthed, and pur¬
loratis, longissimis; foliis altera is, spars is,, obtusis, ple ; the foot-stalks are coloured, and very long ;
pilis glandulosis micantibus hirtis. leaves grow alternate, scattered, blunt, and thick
with shining glandular hairs;

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis erectus, spithameus; rami et ramuli Stem upright, about a span high ; the larger
filiformes, sparsi, erecto-patentes, virgati. and smaller branches are thread-shaped, scattered,
upright, spreading, and twiggy.

Folia alterna, sparsa, linearia, obtusa, apice Leaves grow alternate, scattered, linear, blunt,
reflexa, pilis glandulosis birta. the end bent back, and thick with glandular
hairs.

Flores terminates, sub-umbellati, sub-erecti; Flowers are terminal, nearly in bunches,


pedunculi filiformes, foliis duplo longiores ; almost upright; the foot-stalks are thread-shaped,
bracteas minute colorat®. and twice as long as the leaves; the floral leaves
are small, and coloured.

Calyx. Perianthium tetrapliyllum; foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved; leaves nearly


Sub-ovatis, viscosis, acuminatis, coloratis, apici- egg-shaped, clammy, pointed, coloured, and
bus reflexis. bent Outward at the top.

Corolla ventricosa, purpurea, costata, pu- Blossom big-bellied, purple, ribbed, and
bescens, ore obliqua, arctata, profunde san- downy, with the mouth oblique, narrowed, and
guinea; laciniis cordatis, expansis. of a deep blood colour; the segments are heart-
shaped, and spreading.

Stamina. Filamenta octo capillaria, torta, Chives. Eight hair^-like threads, which are
receptaculo inserta; antherse cristate inclusae. twisted, and fixed into the receptacle; the tips
are crested, and within the blossom.

Pistillum. Germen clavatum, sulcatum. Pointal. Seed-vessel club-shaped, and fur¬


Stylus filiformis, purpureus. Stigma tetrago- rowed. Shaft thread-shaped, and purple. Sum¬
num. mit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense Julii ad Octobrem. Flowers from the month of July till October.

RE FERE NT I A. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement and Blossom.

2 . Calyx lente auctus. 2 . The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina et Pistillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Pistillo diducta; anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente aucta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus et Stigma lente aucta. 5. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
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BOTANICAL
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ERICA exfurgens.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, exfertis; foliis quater- Heath, with beardlefs tips, without the bloflom;
nis, mucronatis, apicibus reflexis; corollis cla- leaves gi'ow by fours, are fharp pointed, and bent
vato-cylindraceis, verticillatis, aurantiis. back at the point; the bloffoms are cylindrically
club-fhaped, grow in whorls, and orange co¬
loured.
DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, pedalis et ultra, eredtus, Stem lhrubby, rather more than a foot high,
bafi flmpliciflimus; rami verticillati, limplices, upright, and Ample at the bafe; the branches
eredli. grow in whorls, are Ample and upright.
Folia quaterna, linearia, glabra, apice re- The Leaves grow by fours, are linear, fmooth,
flexa, mucronata, fupra plana, fubtus fulcata, bent downward at the point, which is fharp,
unguicularia, petiolis adpreflis. fmooth on the upper, and furrowed on the under
furface, half an inch long, with the footA:alks
preATed to the branches.

Flores in medio ramorum verticillati, redli; The Flo wers grow in whorls about the middle
verticilli alter alteri exfurgentes; pedunculi longi, of the branches, Araight out; the whorls rife out
bradteis tribus inflrudti. of each other in fucceAion; the foot-ftalks are
i

long, having three Aoral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, leaflets


lanceolatis, acuminatis, carinatis, vifcofis, ad- lance-fhaped, tapered, keel-ihaped, clammy, and
prellis. prefled to the bloflom.

Corolla clavato-cylindrica, pollicaria, au- Blossom, cylindrically club-fhaped, an inch


rantia; ore limbo quadrilobo revoluto, laciniis long and orange coloured; the fegments of the
fuperioribus longioribus. mouth are four, which are rolled back, the upper
longer than the lower ones.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria, recep- Chives. Eight hair-like threads. Axed into
taculo inferta. Antherae muticae, magnas, ex- the receptacle. Tips beardlefs, very large, and
fertae. without the bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen clavatum, fulcatum. Point al. Seed-veflel club-fhaped, and fur¬
Stylus filiformis, ftaminibus longior. Stigma te- rowed. Shaft thread-fhaped, and longer than the
tragonum. chives. Summit, four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Flope.


Floret a menfe Septembris, in Marti um. Flowers from September, till March.

REFERENTIA. 1 REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloflom.


2. Calyx lente audtus. 2. The Empalement, magnifled.
3. Stamina et Piflillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo didudta; anthera una lente 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
audla. tip magnifled.

5. Stylus, et Stigma lente audta. 5. The Shaft and its Summit magnifled.
library
NEW YORK
botanical
GARDEN

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ERICA flexuofa.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, exfertis, rubris; corollis Heath, with beardlefs tips, red, and without

minutis, albidis, fub-campanulatis; bra6t® alb®, the bloffoms, which are fmall, white, almoll bell-

calyciformes; rami flexuofi; foliis ternis. fhaped; the floral leaves are white, and refemble
the cup; the branches grow zig-zag; the leaves
grow by threes.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticus, pedalis vel paulo ultra, inferne Stem ffirubby, grows rather more than a foot
nudus, eretdus; rami flexuoli, virgati; ramuli bre- high, naked beneath, and upright; the branches
viffimi, fub-terni. grow zig-zagged, and twiggy; the fmaller branches
are ffiort, and grow mofily by threes.

Folia terna, linearia, glabra, acuta, fubtus The Leaves grow by threes, are linear and
fulcata; petiolis adpreffis. fmooth, ffiarp, furrowed underneath; the foot-
lialks preffed to the Hem.

Flores in ultimis ramulis terminales, fub- The Flowers terminate the ends of the fmaller
terni; pedunculi albo-tomentofi, bra£te® albid®, branches, moltly by threes; the foot-ltalks are of
juxta balin calycis lit®. a downy white; the floral leaves are white, and
placed clofe to the cup. -

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


ovatis, acuminatis, concavis, albidis, adpreffis. egg-lhaped, pointed, concave, white, and preffed
to the bloffom.

Corolla minuta, fub-campanulata, albida, Blossom fmall, nearly bell-lhaped, white, and
glabra; oris laciniis adpreffis. fmooth; the fegments of the mouth are preffed
to the threads.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria apice Chives. Eight hair-like threads, bent inwards
incurvata. Anther® mutic®, exfert®, rubr®. at the end. Tips are red, beardlefs, and without
the bloffom.

Pistillum. Germen fub-rotundum, fulca- Pointal. Seed-veffel nearly round, and fur¬
tum. Stylus ffiiformis, exfertus. Stigma pelta- rowed. Shaft thread-lhaped, and without the
tum. bloffom. Summit fhield-lhaped.

Habitat ad Caput Bon® Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.


Floret a menli Aprili, in Julium. Flowers from April, till July.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. ]. The Empalement, and Bloffom.

2. Corolla. 2. The Bloffom.


3. Calyx lente audtus. 3. The Empalement magnified.

4. Stamina, et Piltillum. 4. The Chives, and Pointal.

5. Stamina a Piffillo dkhnSla; anthera una 5. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
i -

lente au6ta. tip magnified.

6. Germen, Stylus, et Stigma, lente au6ta. 6. The Seed-veffel, Shaft, and its Summit,
magnified.
)

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LIBRARY
NEW YORK
BOTANICAL
garben
ERICA glauca.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris criftatis, inclalis; floribus um- Heath, with crefled tips, within the blofloms,
bellatis, terminalibus, livide-purpureis; pedun- which grow in bunches, at the end of the branches,
culis longiflimis; bradteis ovatis, maximis; folia and are of a livid purple colour; the foot-flalks

tenia, linearia, carnofa, glauca. very long; the floral leaves are egg-fhaped, and
very large; leaves grow by threes, are linear,
flefhy, and of a fea-green colour.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis erectus, fragilis, fefquipedalis; rami Stem upright, brittle, grows a foot and a half
erecti, fubfimplices, longi. high; the branches grow upright, with few fmaller
branches, and long.

Folia tenia, linearia, acuta, patentia, fulcata, Leaves grow by threes, are linear, pointed,
glabra, carnofa, glauca; petiolis adpreflis. fpreading, furrowed, fmooth, flefhy, and of a fea-
green colour; the foot-flalks preflfed to the ftem.

Flores terminales, umbellati, nutantes; pe- Flowers terminate the branches in bunches,
dunculi longiflimi, colorati, bradleis ternis, colo- and grow nodding; the foot-flalks are very long,

ratis, ovatis, concavis inftrudfi. and coloured, having three coloured, egg-fhaped,
concave, floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup of four leaves, which

ovatis, coloratis, reflexis. are egg-fhaped, coloured, and reflexed.

Corolla fubconica, atro-purpurea, ore arc- Blossom, nearly conical, of a dark purple,

tata; laciniis reflexis, acuminatis. narrowed at the mouth; the fegments reflexed,
and tapered.

Stamina. Filamenta 06I0, capillaria, recep- Chives. Eight hair-like threads^ fixed into

taculo inferta. Anther® criftatae, ad bafm gib- the receptacle. Tips crefled, gouty at the bafe,

bse, inclufas. and within the bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen fubglobofum, fulcatum. Pointal. Seed-bud nearly globular, and

Stylus inclufus, cylindricus. Stigma peltatum. furrowed. Shaft within the bloflom, and cylin-
der-fhaped. Summit fhield-fhaped.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfi Maii, in Julium. Flowers from May, till July.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. * 1. The Empalement, and Bloflom.

'l. Calyx, lente audtus. 1. The Empalement, magnified.


• *

3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo didudta. 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal.


| ^

5. Stamen unum lente au£tum. 5. A Chive, magnified.

6. Germen, Stylus, et Stigma; Stigma lente 6. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summit; the
i
audtum. i Summit magnified.
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ERICA glutinosa.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, inclusis ; corollis gluti- Heath, with beardless tips, within the blos¬

nosissirais, verticillatis, confertis, melinis, polli- soms, which are extremely clammy, in whorls,

caribus ; foliis senis, micantibus. pressed together, of a straw colour, and an inch

long ; leaves by sixes, shining.

DESCRI PTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis bipedalis, erectus. Rami simplices, Stem two feet high, and upright. Large

longi, raro ramulosi. branches simple, long, and seldom branching.

Folia sena, linearia, nitida, acuminata, glabra, Leaves by sixes, linear, shining, pointed,

lawiter sulcata, patentia ; petiolis adpressis. smooth, slightly furrowed, and spreading. Foot¬

stalks pressed to the branches.

Flores in apicibus ramorum, verticillato- Flowers grow at the summit of the branches,

conferti, horizontales ; pedunculi breves, bractteis pressed together in whorls, and horizontal; foot¬

tribus calyci adpressis. stalks short, having three floral leaves pressed to

the cup.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, with spear-


lanceolatis, viscosis, adpressis. shaped clammy leaflets, pressed to the blossom.

Corolla cylindrica, pollicaria, pallido-lutea, Blossom cylindrica], an inch long, of a pale


glutinosissima, nitida, oris laciniis parum reflexis. yellow, very clammy, shining, with the segments

of the mouth slightly reflexed.

1 l
Stamina. Filamenta octo, capillaria. An¬ Chives. Eight hair-like threads. The tips

ther® mutic®, inclus®. beardless, within the blossom.

Pistillum. Germen turbinatum, sulcatum, Pointal Seed-vessel turban-shaped, fur¬


apice pilosum. Stylus filiformis, exsertus. Stigma rowed, and hairy at the top. Shaft thread¬

tetragonum. shaped, and without the blossom. Summit four-

cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bon® Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense Septembri in Martium. Flowers from September till March.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement and Blossorp.

2. Calyx lente auctus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina et Pistillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Pistillo diducta; anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one

lente aucta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus et Stig:ma lente aucta. 5. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
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ERICA grandiflora.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, cohaerentibus, valde co- Heath, with beardlefs tips, fticking together,
rollam excedentibus; floribus verticillatis, hori- and protruding confiderably beyond the bloffom;
zontalibus; corollis clavatis, aurantiis, fefquipol- flowers grow in whorls horizontally; blofloms
licaribus, glabris; foliis fub-quaternis, patenti- club-fhaped, orange coloured, an inch and half
bus. long, and fmooth; leaves grow moftly by fours,
fpreading.
'
DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.
Caulis fruticofus, eredtus, tripedalis et ultra, Stem fhrubby, upright, grows three feet high
ftridtiflimus; rami fimpliciflimi, eredti, verticil- or more, and very Itiff; branches very Ample,
lati. upright, and grow in whorls.

Folia quaterna, leviter fulcata, rigida, refta,


Leaves grow by fours, are flightly furrowed,
fub-pollicaria, petiolis laxis.
harfh, ftraight, near an inch long, with loofe
foot-flalks.

Flores ex axillis foliorum fub-apice ramo- Flowers grow from the foot-flalks of the
rum verticillati; pedunculi brevi, bra&eis tribus, leaves, clofe to the ftem, near the fummit of the
fubulatis, inftructi. branches, in whorls; foot-flalks fhort, having
three awl-fhaped floral leaves on them.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, leaflets awl-


fubulatis, adpreflis, glabris. fhaped, prefled to the bloffom, and fmooth.

Corolla clavata, fefquipollicaris, parum cur- Blossom club-fhaped, an inch and a half
vata, glabra, aurantia; laciniis aequalibus, fub- long, a little curved, fmooth, and orange colour;
ereflis. the fegments equal, nearly upright.

Stamina. Filamenta o6to capillaria, apice Chives. Eight hair-like threads, curved in¬
incurvata. Antheris muticis, bifidis, lateribus wards at the end. Tips beardlefs, two-cleft, ad¬
cohaerentibus, longe exfertis. hering together by the Aides, a great way out of
the bloffom.

Pistillum. Germen clavatum, fulcatum, ad Pointal. Seed-bud club-fhaped, furrowed,


bafin glandulofum. Stylus filiformis, ftamini- and glandular at the bafe. Shaft thread-fhaped,
bus paulo longior. Stigma apice concavum. a little longer than the chives. Summit concave
at the top.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfi Maii, in Septembrem. Flowers from May, till September.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

]. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloffom.

2. Calyx. 2. The Empalement.

3. Stamina, et Piftillum, audtum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal, magnified.

4. Piliillum, et Germen, Stigma diduftum et 4. The Pointal, and Seed-bud, the Summit
lente audtum. feparate, magnified.

5. Germen, au6tum. 5. The Seed-bud, magnified.


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ERICA imbricata.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris mu tic is, exsertis; corollis urceo- Heath, with beardless tips without the blos¬
latis; calycibus duplicate viscosis, imbricatis, soms, which are pitcher-shaped; cup double,
coloratis, corollam sub-asquantibus; foliis terms., clammy, tiled, coloured, and almost the length
lievibus, truncatis, liiiearibus. of the blossoms; leaves grow by threes, even,
appearing cut off at the point, and linear.

DESCRIPT 10. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticosus, erectus, spithaimeus; rami Stem shrubby, upright, a span high; the
et ramuli frequentissimi, foliosi, erecti. larger and smaller branches are numerous, co¬

c
vered with leaves, and upright.

Folia terna, linearia, recta, truncata, plana, Leaves grow by threes, straight out, appearing
lasvia, petiolis brevissimis adpressis. cut off at the point, flat, even, and having their
footstalks pressed to the branches.

Flores in ramulis terminates, sub-terni, um- Flowers grow in bunches, generally three
bellati, cernui; pedunculis longitudine calycis. together, at the ends of the smaller branches,
hanging downward ; footstalks the length of the
cup.

Calyx. Perianthium duplicatum, adpressum, Empalement. Cup double, pressed to the


imbricatum: foliolis ovatis, viscosis, incarnatis. blossom, tiled : the leaves are egg-shaped, clam¬
my, and flesh-coloured.

Corolla urceolata, apice incarnata, laciniis Blossom pitcher-shaped, flesh-coloured at the


obtusis, minutis, erectis. mouth, which has its segments blunt, small, and
upright.

Stamina. Fiiamenta octo capillaria, incur- Chives. Eight hair-like threads, bent in¬
vata. Anther® mutic®, exsert®. wards. Tips beardless, and without the blos¬
som.

Pistillum. Germen subrotundum. Stylus Pointal. Seed-bud nearly round. Shaft


filiform is, longitudine staminum. Stigma tetra- thread-shaped, the length of the chives. Sum¬
gonum. mit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bon® Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense Julii in Qctobrem. Flowers from July till October,

RE FERE NT I A. REFERENCE,

2. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement and Blossom,

2. Corolla et Stamina. 2j The Blossom and Chives.

3. Calyx lente auctus. 3. The Empalement magnified.

4. Stamina a Pistillo diducta, anther a una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal, one
lente aucta. tip magnified.

5, Stylus et Stigma, lente aucta. ' 5. The Shaft and its Summit, magnified,
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ERICA incarnata.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris criftatis, fubinclufis; corollis Heath, with crefted tips, nearly within the
fubovatis, carneis; pedunculis longiffimis, colora- bloffoms, which are aim oft egg-fhaped, and
tis; foliis quaternis. flefh-coloured; the foot-ftalks are very long, and
coloured ; the leaves grow by fours.

DESCRIPTIO, DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fuberedtus, pedalis ramolillimus, rami, Stem nearly upright, a foot high, and very
et ramuli, flexuofi, divaricato patente. much branched; the larger and fmaller branches
grow zigzag, and fpread outward.

Folia quaterna, obtufa, linearia, glabra, fub- Leaves grow by fours, are blunt, linear,
tus fulcata; petiolis breviflimis, adpreflis. fmooth, and furrowed underneath; with fhort
foot-ftalks prefled to the branches.

Flores terminales, racemum denfe formantes; The Flowers grow at the end of the fmaller
pedunculi longiffimi, purpurei, bradteis tribus branches, forming a clofe bunch; the foot-ftalks
inftrudti. are very long, and purple, having three floral
leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


ovatis, carinatis, acuminatis. egg-fhaped, keeled, and pointed.

Corolla fubovata, cernua, carnea, ore con- Blossom nearly egg-fhaped, bending down¬
tradto, laeviflime quadrifido, laciniis eredtis. ward, and flefh-coloured, the mouth contradted,
but flightly cut into four upright fegments.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria, reccp- Chives. Eight hair-like threads, fixed into the
taculo inferta. Antheras criftatae, fub-inclufe. receptacle. Tips crefted, nearly within the blof-
fom.

Pistillum. Germen fubrotundum. Stylus Pointal. Seed-veflel nearly round. Shaft


filiformis, exfertus. Stigma tetragonum. thread-fhaped, and without the bloflom. Sum¬
mit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menli Julii, in Odtobrem. Flowers from July, till October,

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloflom.

2. Calyx lente audtus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo didudta; anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente audta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus, et Stigma, lente audta. 5. The Shaft, and its Summit, magnified.
LIBRARY
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ERICA jafminiflora.

CHARACTER SPECJFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris ball bicornibus, inclulis; fiylo Heath with tips two horned at the bate and
exferto; corollis ampullaceis, fefquipollicaribus, within the blolTom, the lhaft without; bloffoms
laciniis cordatis, patentibus; floribus fubternis; flafk-lhaped, an inch and a half long, the feg-
foliis ternis, trigonis, fubulatis, patenti-eredtis. ments heart-lhaped and fpreading; flowers grow¬
ing by threes moftly; leaves grow by threes, are
three-tided, awl-lhaped, upright and fpreading.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis liliformiSj eredtus; rami fimpliciflimi, Stem thread-fhaped and upright; the branches
filiformes, longi, patenti. are quite Ample, thread lhaped, long, and fpread-
ing.

Folia terna, trigona, acuta, fubulata, mar- Leaves grow by threes, are three-lidcd, Iharp,

gine ferrata, ball adprefla, apicem verfus patula, awl-lliaped, fawed at the edge, prefled to the

fexfariam imbricata. Item at the bafe, fpreading towards the end, and
forming flx angles.

Flores terminales, fub-terni, horizontales, Flowers terminate the branches generally by

umbellati; pedunculi purpurei, bradteis tribus, threes, grow horizontal, and in bunches; the

ovatis, coloratis, inftrudti. foot-flalks are purple, having three oval, co¬
loured floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup of four leaves, which

ovatis, vifcolis, purpureis. are egg-fhaped, clammy, and purple.

Corolla vifcofa, fefquipollicaris, fumma cy- Blossom, clammy, an inch and a half long,

lindracea, ad balin inflata, ore ardtata; laciniis the upper part cylindrical, fwelled at the bafe,

expanlis, fub-ovatis, maximis. and pinched in at the mouth; the fegments


fpreading, nearly egg-fhaped and very large.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria; an- Chives. Eight hair-like threads. Tips two

therae ball bicornes, apice acuminatas, inclufas. horned at the bafe, tapered to the points and
within the bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen ovatum, fulcatum. Sty¬ Pointal. Seed-bud egg-fhaped and fur¬

lus filiformis, exlertus. Stigma tetragonum. rowed. Shaft thread-fhaped and without the
bloflom. Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a men.fi Julii, in Novembrem. Flowers from July, till November.

REFERENTIA, REFERENCE.

1. Folium unum, lente audtum. 1. A Leaf, magnified.

2. Calyx, lente audtus. 2. The Empalement, magnified.

3. Calyx, et Corolla. 3. The Empalement, and Bloflom.

4. Stamina, et Piftillum. 4. The Chives, and Pointal.

5. Stamina a Piftillo didudta, anthera una, 5. The Chives detached from the Pointal, one
lente audla. tip magnified.

6. Stylus et Stigma lente audta. 6. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
I

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BOTANICAL
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ERICA lateralis.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica antheris criftatis, inclufis; corolla pur¬ Heath with crefled tips, within the bloffom;

purea, urceolato-campanulata, ad bafin plana; which is purple, between bell and pitcher-ffiaped,

pedunculis longiffimis ; flox'ibus umbellatis, ter- fiat at the bate ; foot-flalks very long; flowers

minalibus, fecundis, cernuis; foliis quaternis, grow in umbels at the end of the branches,

obtufis, glaberrimis. point all one way and hang down; leaves
grow by fours, are blunt and very fmooth.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, eredtus, pedalis; rami fub- Stem ffirubby, upright, grows a foot high;

fimplices, virgati, filiformes. branches nearly fimple, twiggy and thread-


ffiaped.

Folia quaterna, linearia, obtula, fub-trigona, Leaves grow by fours, linear, blunt, almoft

craffiufcula,breviflime petiolata, petiolis adpreffis. three-fided, thickiffi, very fhort foot-flalks, which
\
are preffed to the Item.

Flores ad apices ramorum ramulorumque Flowers grow in umbels, at the end of the

umbellati, cernui, fecundi, purpurei; pedunculi larger and fmaller branches, nodding, all point¬

florom triplo longitudine colorati, bradleis tribus ing one way, and are purple; foot-flalks thrice

minutis inftrucli. the length of the flowers, coloured, and three


fmall floral leaves upon them.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, leaflets

minutis, adpreffis, ciliatis, fubulatis. fmall, preffied to the bloffom, fringed and awl-
ffiaped.

Corolla fub-campanulata ad bafin plana, Blossom approaching to bell-ffiape; the

purpurea ; laciniis limbi obtufis, fuberedtis. lower part flat, and purple; the fegments of the
border are blunt and rather upright.

Stamina. Filamenta 06I0, capillaria, apice Chives. Eight hair-like threads, turned in¬
incurvata. Antherae criftatae, atro-purpureas, in¬ wards at the upper part. Tips crefted, deep

clude. purple, and within the bloffom.

Pistillum. Germen turbinatum, fulcatum, Point a l. Seed-bud turban-ffiaped, furrowed,


ad bafin glandulofum. Stylus ftaminibus longior, glandular at the bafe. Shaft longer than the
exfertus. Stigma tetragonum, virefcens. ' chives, without the bloffom. Summit four-
cornered and greeniffi.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Flope.

Floret a menfe Augufli, in Decembrem. Flowers from Augufl, till December.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloffom.

2. Calyx, audlus. 2. The Empalement, magnified.

3. Corolla. 3. The Bloffom.

4. Stamina, et Piftillum. 4. The Chives, and Pointal.

5. Stamina a Piftillo didudta, anthera una 5. The Chives detached from the Pointal,
lente audta'. one Tip magnified.

6. Piftillum, lente audhim. 6. The Pointal, magnified.


V

LIBRARY
NEW YORK
BOTANICAL
garden

». 3c>
ERICA Leea.

CHARACTER SPECIEICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, sub-inclusis ; corollis cos- Heath, with beardless tips, within the blossoms,

tatis, quadratis, sub-pollicaribus, luteo-aurantiis; which are ribbed, four-sided, not quite an inch long,

quatuor quinqueve pedalis; foliis senis, maximis, and of a yellowish-orange colour ; grows four or

rigidis. five feet high ; the leaves grow by sixes, are large,
and stiff.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis laxus, erectus, scaber, quatuor vel quin- Stem supple, upright and rough, four or five

que pedalis ; rami laxi, simplices, longi. feet high; the branches are loose, simple and long.

Folia sena, rigida, obtusa, subtus sulcata, li- Leaves grow by sixes, are harsh, blunt, fur¬

nearia, crassa, petiolis adpressis. rowed underneath, linear, and thick, having the
foot-stalks pressed to the stem.

Flores in ramulis mediis verticillati, spicam for- Flowers grow in whorls, about the middle of
mantes, pedunculis brevibus, bracteis tribus ad the smaller branches, forming a spike, with short

basin calycis instructs. foot-stalks, with three floral leaves close to the cup.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are awl-
subulatis, concavis, longitudine pedunculi. shaped, concave, and the length of the foot-stalk.

Corolla sub-pollicaris, quadrata, costata, lu- Blossom near an inch long, four-sided, ribbed,
teo-aurantia, laciniis dentatis, reflexis. of a yellowish-orange colour; the segments of the
mouth are notched, and bent backward.

Stamina. Filamenta octo capillaria, recepta- Chives. Eight hair-like threads, fixed into the
culo inserta ; anthers mutics, subincluss. receptacle; the tips beardless, and just within the
blossom.

Pistillum. Germen cylindricum, sulcatum j Pointal. Seed-vessel cylindrical, and furrowed ;

stylus filiformis, exsertus; stigma tetragonum. shaft thread-shaped, and without the blossom;
summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonse SpeL Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense Augusti in Januarium. Flowers from August till January.

REFERENT I A. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 2. The Empalement and Blossom.

2. Calyx lente auctus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina et Pistillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.


/

4. Stamina a Pistillo diducta; anthera una lente 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal, one

aucta. tip magnified.

.5. Stylus et Stigma lente aucti. 5. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
LIBRARY
NEW YORK
BOTANICAL
OAROBN

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ERICA lutea.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, inclulis; corollis ovato- Heath, with beardlefs tips, within thebloffoms;
acuminatis, luteis; foliis oppofitis, triquetris, ad- which are of a pointed oval fhape, and yellow,
preflis. the leaves grow oppolite in pairs, are three-fided,
and preffed to the Rem. ■

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caul is laxus, filiformis, gracilis, ad bafin ra- Stem flexible, thread-fhaped, and Render,
mofus; ramuli conferti. branching to the bottom; the branches crowded
together.

Folia oppofita, linearia, adpreffa, triquetra, The Leaves grow oppolite in pairs, are linear,
fupra concava, fubtus carinata, fulcata, nitida; prefled to the Rem, three-fided, concave on the
petiolis breviflimis, adpreflis. upper, and keel-lhaped on the under furface,
furrowed, and finning; having very fhort leaf-
ftems preffed to the branches.

Flores plures, conglomerati, fubterminales; Flowers are numerous, clofe together, and

pedunculi capillares, lutei; bradteis binis. nearly terminating the branches; the foot-fialks are
hair-like, and yellow, having two floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetrapliyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, leaflets oval?


ovatis, acuminatis, luteis, glabris. pointed, yellow, and fmooth.

Corolla lute'a, ovato-acuminata, ore arcdata; The Blossom yellow, of a pointed oval fhape,
limbo quadrilobo, fubrefiexo. compreffed at the mouth; having a flightly re-
i .
flexed, four-lobed border.

Stamina. Filamenta 06I0 capillaria, corolla Chives. Eight hair-like threads, half the
dimidio breviora, apice recurvata, receptaculo length of the bloffom, bent back at the point,
inferta. Antherae muticae, inclufae, parvae. and fixed into the receptacle. Tips beardlefs,
within the bloffom, and fmall.

Pistillum. Germen cylindricum, fulcatum. Pointal. Seed-veffel cylindrical, and fur¬


Stylus filiformis, purpureus, filamentis duplo rowed. Shaft thread-fhaped, purple, and twice
longior. Stigma tetragonum. as long as the chives. Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Plope.

Floret a Septembre, in Maium. Flowers from September, till May.

REFERENTI A. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloffom.

2. Calyx, lente au6tus. 2. The Empalement, magnified.

3. Stamina, et Pifiillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo didu6ta; anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente audta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus, et Stigma lente au6ta. 5. The Shaft, and its Summit magnified.
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ERICA mammosa.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.


(

Erica, antheris aristatis, inclusis; stylo subin- Heath, with bearded tips, within the blossom;
cluso ; floribus verticillatis, pendulis, ventricoso- shaft just within the blossom; flowers grow in
cylindricis, supra basin constrictis, profundevio- whorls, hanging down, of a swelled cylinder shape,
laceo-purpureis; foliis quaternis, linearibus, gla- pinched in at the base, and of a deep blue pur¬
bris. ple ; leaves grow by fours, are linear, and smooth.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis simplex, fruticosus, erectus, sesquipe- Stem simple, shrubby, upright, a foot and
dalis; rami verticillati, raro ramulosi, erecti. a half high ; branches grow in whorls, seldom
making smaller branches, and upright.

Folia quaterna, linearia, glabra, recta; seni- Leaves grow by fours, linear, smooth, and
ora patentia, juniora erecta, subtus sulcata; pe- straight; the older ones spread out, the younger
tiolis brevissimis, adpressis. grow upright, and are furrowed beneath; hav¬
ing very short foot-stalks, which are pressed to
the stem.

Flores sub-pollicares, in summitate ramorum Flowers are near an inch lonp\ ffrow in
o-7 o

verticillati, penduli; pedunculi longissimi, brac- whorls at the top of the branches, hanging down;
teis tribus, minutis, remotis, instructs foot-stalks very long, having three small floral
leaves at a distance from the cup. ,

Calyx. Periantliium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup of four leaves, which


lato-ovatis, acutis, marginibus membranaceis, are of a broad egg-shape, pointed, having the
apicibus coloratis, adpressis. margins skinny, the ends coloured, and are
pressed to the blossom.

Corolla ventricoso-cylindrica, apice attenu- Blossom of a swelled cylinder-shape, tapered


ata, ad basin constricta, profunde purpurea; la- at the end, and pinched in at the base, of a deep
ciniis minutis, erectis, obtusis. purple; the segments of the border are very small,
upright, and blunt.

Stamina. Filamenta octo capillaria. An- Chives. Eight hair-like threads. Tips beard¬
theras aristatae, inclusag. ed, and within the blossom.

Pistillum. Germen turbinatum. Stylus fili- Pointal. Seed-bud turban-sliaped. Shaft


formis, sub-inclusus. Stigma tetragonum. thread-shaped, and just within the blossom. Sum¬
mit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense Julii in Novembrem. Flowers from July till November.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx lente auctus. 1. The Empalement magnified.

2 . Calyx et Corolla. 2 . The Empalement and Blossom.

3 . Stamina a Pistillo diducta, anthera una 3. The Chives detached from the Pointal, one
lente aucta. tip magnified.

4. Germen, Stylus, et Stigma, stigmate auc- 4. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summit, the

to. summit magnified.


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ERICA marifolia.


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CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris aristatis, sub-inclusis, corollis Heath, with bearded tips, just within the blos¬
urceoli-formibus, albidis; foliis ternis, lato- soms, which are pitcher-shaped, and white; the
ovatis, pubescentibus, subtus albidis. leaves grow by threes, of a broad egg-shape,
downy, and white underneath.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis erectus, fruticosus, pedalis, ramosissi- Stem upright, shrubby, grows a foot high,
mus; ramuli frequentissimi, verticillati. and very branching; the smaller branches are
numerous, and grow in whorls.

Folia terna, patentia, lato-ovata, margine Leaves grow by threes, spreading outward,
revoluta, subtus albida, petiolis brevissimis, ad- of a broad egg-shape, rolled back at the edges.
pressis. and white beneath, having short foot-stalks
pressed to the branches.

Flores terminates, umbellati, cernui; pedun- Flowers terminate the branches in bunches
culi longi, bracteis tribus instructi. which hang downward; the foot-stalks are long,
having three floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum; foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


spathulatis, seu basi attenuatis, apicibus ovatis, spathula-sliaped, or tapering to the base, the
concavis, ciliatis. tops egg-shaped, concave, and lashed.

Corolla albida, urceoli-formis, oris laciniis Blossom white, pitcher-shaped, having the
sub-reflexis. segments of the mouth slightly bent back.

Stamina. Filamenta octo capillaria; antherae Chives. Eight hair-like threads; tips bearded,
aristatae, sub-inclusae. just within the blossom.

Pistillum. Germen cylindricum, sulcatum. Pointal. Seed-vessel cylinder-shaped, and


Stylus filiformis, exsertus. Stigma tetragonum. furrowed. Shaft thread-shaped. Summit four-
cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonze Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense Aprili in Julium, Flowers from April till July.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement and Blossom.

2. Calyx lente auctus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina et Pistillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Pistillo diducta, antliera una 3. The Chives detached from the Pointal, one
lente aucta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus et Stigma lente aucta. 5. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
LIBRARY
NEW YORK
botanical
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ERICA margaritacea.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris criftatis, inclufis; ftylo exlerto; Heath, with crefted tips, within the bloffom;
corollis globofo campanulatis; floribus termina- ffiaft without; bloffoms globularly bell-ffiaped;
libus, fub-umbellatis; foliis quaternis, lineari- flowers terminate the branches in fmall bunches;
trigonis, glabris, eredtis. leaves grow by fours, linearly three-flded, smooth
and upright.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis eredtus, ramofus; ramuli frequen- Stem upright, and branching; the fmall
tiffimi, eredti, glabri. branches are numerous, upright, and fmooth.

Folia quaterna, lineari-trigona, erecta, fubtus Leaves grow by fours, linearly three-flded,
fulcata, glabra; petiolis breviffimis, adpreffis. upright, furrowed on the under part and fmooth;
with very fliort foot-ftalks, prefled to the
branches.

Flores terminates, nutantes, fub-umbellati; Flowers terminate the branches, are a little
pedunculi filiformes, bradteis tribus, linearibus bent downwards, and grow in fmall bunches;
inftrudti. the foot-ftalks are thread-ffiaped, with three linear
floral leaves on them.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, the little


fubulatis, carinatis, fulcatis, laevibus, adpreffis. leaves are awl-lhaped, keeled, furrowed, fmooth,
and prefled to the bloffom.

Corolla urceolata, alba, calyce paulo lon- Blossom pitcher-fhaped, white, and a little
gior; laciniae limbi obtufae, eredto-patulae. longer than the cup ; the fegments of the border
are blunt, upright and fpreading.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria, apice Chives. Eight hair-like threads, bent in¬
inflexa. Antheras ovatae, brunneae, criftatse, in- wards at the ends. Tips egg-fhaped, brown,
clufae. crefted and within the bloffom.

Pistillum. Germen globofum, fulcatum. Pointal. Seed-bud globular, and furrowed.


Stylus filiformis, exfertas. Stigma tetragonum. Shaft thread-ffiaped and without the bloffom.
Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menti Junii, in Septembrem. Flowers from June, till September.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. ]. The Empalement, and Bloffom.

2. Calyx, lente au6tus. 2. The Empalement, magnified.

3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.


/
4. Stamen unum, lente audtum. 4. A Chive, magnified.

5. Piftillum, lente au6tum. 5. The Pointal, magnified.


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ERICA Maffonia.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, inclulis; corollis fub- Heath, with beardlefs tips, within the bloffom,
cylindricis, vifcofis, fpeciofiflimis, tricoloratis; fo- which are nearly cylindrical, clammy, molt beau¬
liis lubquatemis, pilis longis veftitis. tiful, and three-coloured; the leaves grow motlly
by fours, and are entirely covered with long hairs.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, erectus, bipedalis, ball fim- Stem fhrubby, upright, grows two feet high,
plicifiimus, dein ramofus, rami fuberedti, foliis limple at the bafe, then branching, the branches
toti tedti. nearly upright, and quite covered by the leaves.
/

Folia fubquaterna, oblonga, ferrata, pilis Leaves grow moftly by fours, oblong, fawed,
longis veftita, fupra plana, fubtus fulcata, petio- clothed with long hairs, fmooth on the upper,
lis breviffimis adpreffis. and furrowed on the under part, having very
fhort leaf-hems preffed to the branches.

Flores fubterminales, plures, fimplice verti- Flowers are numerous, in tingle whorls, near
cillati, cernuo-patenti, pedunculi pilofi, foliolis the fummit of the branches, bending downward,
tribus fubtus infirudti. and fpreading, the foot-ftalks hairy, with three
fmall leaves fixed on their under part.
I

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


lanciolatis, hirfutis, adpreffis, apicibus revolu- lance-fhaped, hairy, preffed to the bloffom, and
tis. rolled back at the point.

Corolla fubcylindracea, micans, vifcofa, ru¬ Bl ossom nearly cylindrical, fhining, clammy,
bra, lutea et viridia fpeciofiffime colorata, ore and moft beautifully coloured with red, yellow,
ardlato, quadrifido. and green, narrow at the mouth, which is di¬
vided into four fegments.
1

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria, longi- Chives. Eight hair-like threads, the length
tudine tubi, receptaculo inferta. Antheree mu- of the bloffom, fixed into the receptacle. Tips
tics. beardlefs.

Pistillum. Germen clavatum, fulcatum. Pointal. Seed-veffel club-fhaped, and fur¬


Stylus filiformis, fubexfertus. Stigma tetrago- rowed. Shaft thread-fhaped, rather without the
num. bloffom. Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfi Augufti ad Decembrem. Flowers from Auguft till December.

REFERENT I A. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement and Bloffom.

2. Calyx lente audtus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina et Piftillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo diducta, anthera una - 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente audta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus et Stigma lente audta. 5. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
\

LIBRARY
NEW YORK
BOTANICAL
aARDEN

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ERICA melaftoma.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, anther® mutic®, exfert®, attenuata in Heath, with beardlefs tips, without the bloffom,

filamenta plana; corollis feffilibus, folitariis, lu- tapering into the threads which are flat; bloffoms

teis, terminalibus; oris laciniis nigris; calyx dupli¬ fitting clofe to the branches fingly, are yellow,

cate, lieptaphyllus, imbricatus; foliis fubulatis, and terminate them ; the fegments of the mouth

quaternis. are black ; the cup is doubled, of feven leaves and


tiled; leaves awl-fhaped, growing by fours.
s

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis laxus, erectus, bipedalis; rami pauci, Stem weak, upright, grows two feet high; the

fimplices; ramuli fparfi, breviffimi, frequentif- branches are few, and Ample; the fmall branches

fimi, foliofi. are fcattered, very ffiort, numerous, and covered


with leaves.

Folia quaterna, fubulata, apice, regurvata, Leaves grow by fours, awl-ffiaped, bent back

fub-fcabrida, rigida; petiolis breviffimis, adpref- at the point, roughiffi and ftiff; foot-ftalks very

fis. ffiort, and prefled to the ftem.

Flores feffiles in apicibus ramulorum, foli- Flowers fitting on the ends of the fmaller

tarii, dependenti; pedunculi breviffimi. branches are folitary, and hang down; the foot-
ftalks are very ffiort.

Calyx. Perianthium duplex; interim tetra- Empalement. Cup double; the inner one
phyllum, foliolis concavis, ovatis, glabris, imbri- has four leaves, which are concave, egg-ffiaped,
catis, integris, luteis; exterius triphyllum, priori fmooth, tiled, entire, and yellow; the outer three¬
brevioribus, consimilibus. leaved, ffiorter than the former, and like them.

Corolla conica, lutea, parum curvata, ball Blossom conical, yellow, flightly curved, hav¬
quadrifariam fulcata, apice attenuata; laciniis ing four furrows at the bafe, and tapering at the
eredtis, obtufis, longiffimis, adpreffis, nigris. point; the fegments of the border grow upright,
are blunt, very long, prefled to the chives, and
black.

Stamina. Filamenta o61o, plana, linearia. Chives. Eight fiat, linear, threads. Tips

Anther® muticse, lineares, exfertse, longitudine beardlefs, linear, without the bloffom, and of its

coroll®, attenuata in filamenta. length, tapering into the threads.

Pistillum. Germen ovatum, glabrum, in¬ Pointal. Seed-bud egg-ffiaped, fmooth and

tegrum. Stylus exfertus, filiformis, fiaminibus entire. Shaft without the bloffom, thread-ffiaped,

paulo longior. Stigma marginatum, virefcens. a little longer than the chives. Summit bordered,
and greeniffi.

Habitat ad Caput Bon® Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a Menfi Februarii, in Julium. Flowers from February, till July.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx. 1. The Empalement.

2. Corolla, et Stamina. 2. The Bloffom, and Chives.


• •
3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo didudta. 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal.

5. Stamen unum, lente audlum. 5. A Chive magnified.

6. Piftillum, lente audtum. 6. The Pointal magnified.


LIBRARY
NEW YORK
BOTANICAL
GARDEN

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ERICA monadelphia.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, exsertis, attenuatis in Heath, with beardless tips without the blossoms,
filamenta plana. Corolla conica, sanguinea, oris and tapering into filaments, which are flat. The
laciniis erectis, adpressis. Folia terna. blossom is conical, of a blood colour, having
i
the segments of the mouth upright, and pressed
to the threads. The leaves grow by threes.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION-.

Caulis erectus, sesquipedalis, scaber,.ad basin Stem upright, a foot and a half high, rough,
parum ramosus. Ramuli sparsi. branching but little at the base. The smaller
branches are scattered.

Folia terna, obtusa, sub-tomentosa, subtus Leaves grow by threes, blunt-ended, rather
sulcata, petiolis brevissimis adpressis. downy, channelled underneath, having very
short foot-stalks pressed to the branches.

Flores in ramulis, bini vel terni, terminales, Flowers grow by twos and threes at the end
cernui, in medio ramorum racemum formantes of the smaller branches, hanging down, forming
speciosissimum; pedunculis brevibus, bracteis a beautiful spike near the middle of the larger
nullis. branches. The foot-stalks are short, without
floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium duplex, coloratum ; ex- Empalement. Cup double, and coloured;
terius triphyllum, foliolis lato-ovatis, apicibus the outer three-leaved, the leaves of a broad
virescentibus ; interius tetraphyllum, foliolis la- oval-shape, the ends greenish : the inner is four¬
tioribus majoribus. leaved, broader and larger than the former.

Corolla conica, sub-pollicaris, glabra, san- Blossom cone-shaped, near an inch long,
guinea; oris laciniis erectis. smooth, deep red; the segments of the mouth
upright.

Stamina. Filamenta octo plana, corolla mul- Chives. Eight flat threads, much longer than
toties longiora, receptaculo inserta; antheris the blossom, fixed into the receptacle; the tips
muticis, exsertis, attenuatis in filamenta. beardless, without the blossom, and tapering into
the filaments.

Pistillum. Germen ovatum, tenuissime sul¬ Pointal. Seed-vessel egg-shaped, and slightly
catum. Stylus filiformis. Stigma tetragonum. furrowed. Shaft thread-shaped. Summit four-
cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonse Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense Augusti in Decembrem. Flowers from August till December.


> \

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement and Blossom.

2. Calyx lente auctus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina et Pistillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Pistillo diducta; anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal ;

lente aucta. one tip magnified.

5. Stylus et Stigma lente aucta. 5. The Shaft and Summit magnified.


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ERICA mucofa.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris ariflatis, inclufis; corollis glo- Heath, with bearded tips, within the bloffoms;
bofis, mucolis, fafciculatis, cernuo-patentibus, which are globe-fhaped, clammy, and in bunches,
terminalibus; foliis quaternis. bending downward, fpreading, and terminating
the branches; leaves growing by fours.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fraticofus, tripedalis, ad bafin fere ra- Stem fhrubby, grows three feet high, branched
mofus, ramis longis, virgatis, flexuofis. nearly to the bottom, with long, llender, waving

branches.

Foli A quaterna,fubtriangularia, linearia, apice Leaves growing by fours, nearly triangular,


recurvata, obtufa, glaberrima, fubtas fulcata; bre- linear, bent back at the point, blunt, fmooth, and
viflimis petiolis inftrudta. furrowed underneath; leaf-hems very fhort.

Flores plures, terminales, fafciculati, cernuo- Flowers feveral, terminating the branches in
patentes, mucofi, purpurei fulgenti; pedunculis bunches, bending downward and fpreading, of a
longis, purpureis, 2 feu 3 bracleis, inftrudtis. brilliant purple, and clammy; with very long foot-
halks, which are furnifhed with 2 or 3 floral-
leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


ovatis, obtulis, eredlis, corolla dimidio breviori- egg-fhaped, blunt, upright, and half the length
bus. of the bloffom.

Corolla globofa, limbo quadrilobo, laciniis Blossom globe-fhaped, with a four-lobed bor¬
femiorbiculatis, aequalibus, erectis. der, each divifion forming a half-round, equal,
and upright.

Stamina. Filamenta o£to capillaria, corolla Chives. Eight hair-like threads, fhorter than
breviora, receptaculo inferta. Antherse ariftatae, the bloffom, and fixed in the receptacle. Tips
inclulae. bearded, and within the bloffom.

Pistillum. Germen fubrotundum. Stylus Pointal. Seed-veffel roundifh. Shaft thicker


filamentis crallior, eredtus. Stigma tetragonum. than the threads, and upright. Sumniit four-

cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonaa Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfi Augufli ad Decembrem. In bloom from Auguft till December.

REFERENTIA. reference:.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement with the Bloffom.

2. Calyx et Bradtea lente audla. 2. The Empalement andFloral-leavesmagnified.

3. Stamina et Piftillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Pitlillo didudla, anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal, one
lente audta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus et Stigma lente audla. 5. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
. I

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LIBRARY
new YORK
botanical
q^rDBN
1
ERICA Mufcari.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, inclulis; corollis ob- Heath, with beardlefs tips within the blolfom,
longo-ovatis, obtufe tetragonis; foliis quaternis. which is oblong-egg-fhaped, and bluntly four-
edged; leaves growing by fours.

DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, fefquipedalis, teres, ball Stem Ihrubby, grows a foot and a half high,
fimplicifiimus, dein ramofus. cylindrical, undivided at the bafe, afterwards
branching.

Folia quaterna, linearia, acuta, eredto-paten- Leaves growing by fours, linear, pointed,
tia, glaberrima, nitida, dilute viridia, petiolisbre- between upright and fpreading, fmooth and tinn¬
villimis ramis adpreffis. ing, of a light green, with fhort leaf-items preffed
to the branches.

Flores luteoli, fuaviter olentes, faspius qua- Flowers yellowifh, fweet-fcented, moltly four
terni, terminales; pedunculis breviffimis. together, tenninating the branches; having very
Ihort footltalks.

Calyx. Perianthium duplex; interius tetra- Empalement. Cup double; the inner one
phyllum, foliolis erectis, ovatis, carinatis; exterms has four leaves, which are credt, ovate, and keel-
triphyllum, priori incumbens. fhaped; the outer has three leaves, and relts on
the former.

Corolla oblongo-ovata, obtufe tetragona, The Blossom oblong-egg-fhaped, bluntly


fumma parte ardtata, limbo quadrilobo, laciniis four-edged, contradted at the mouth, which is
aequalibus revolutis. terminated by a four-lobed border, whofe feg-
ments are equal, and rolled back.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria, ftylo Chives. Eight hair-like threads, nearly of a
fubaequalia, apice torto, receptaculo inferta. An- length with the pointal, crooked at their upper
therae muticae, inclufae, bifidae, dorfales. part, and fixed in the receptacle. Tips beard¬
lefs, within the bloffom, cleft, and fixed to the
threads at their back.
/
Pistillum. Germen obovatum, fulcatum ful- Pointal. Seed-veffel inverfely egg-lhaped,
cis odto. Stylus linearis, eredtus, corollas fub- furrowed with eight channels. Shaft linear, eredt,
aequalis. Stigma fubtetragonum. nearly of a length with the blolTom. Summit
nearly four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a Martio ad Julium. In bloom from March till July.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.
1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement and BlolTom.

2. Calyx lente audtus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piltillo didudta; anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal, one
lente audta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus, et Stigma lente audta. 5. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
■fci 'j.

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UBRARY
' 1
HEW YORK
B0TANICAL. •

'

. - ’•

.
ERICA nigrita.
I . 9 K < i

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, exfertis, atris; flores Heath,with beardlefs tips, without the bloffom,
fubterni, albi; corolla campanulata, laciniis re- and black; flowers grow moftly by threes, and
volutis, maximis; foliis ternis, nitidis, patenti- white; bloffom bell-fhaped; fegments rolled
bus. back, and very large; leaves grow by threes,
fhining, and fpreading.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, eredtus, pedalis; rami et Stem flirubby, upright, grows a foot high;
ramuli frequentiflimi, fub-eredti, virgati, fub- the larger and fmaller branches are numerous,
tomentoli. nearly upright, twiggy, and a little downy.

Folia tern a, nitida, glabra, fub-triquetra, ob- Leaves grow by threes, fliine, fmooth, nearly

tufa, patentia, cralTa; petiolis adpreflis. three-fided, blunt, fpreading, and thick; foot-
ftalks preffed to the Item.

Flores in apicibus ramulorum terminales, Flowers grow from the ends of the fmall
fub-terni; pedunculi albi; bradleae ovatae, acutae, branches, moftly by threes; with white foot-
albss, calyci approximatae, imbricatae, calyci- ftalks; floral leaves egg-Aaped, fharp-ended,
foi'mes. white, clofe to the cup, tiled, and like thofe of
the cup.
»

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis, Empalement. Cup four-leaved, leaflets egg-

ovatis, acutis, albis, laxis, longitudine fere co- Aaped, pointed, white, loofe, nearly the length
rollag. of the bloffom.

Corolla campanulata, albida; laciniis oris Blossom bell-Aaped, white; the fegments of

revolutis, majoribus. the mouth are rolled back, and larger than the
tube.

Stamina. Filamenta o6to, capillaria, recep- Chives. Eight hair-like threads fixed into the
taculo inferta. Antherae muticae, exfertae, atrae. receptacle. Tips beardlefs, without the bloffom,
and black.

Pistillum. Germen fub-ovatum, leviterful- Point al. Seed-bud nearly egg-Aaped,


catum, ad balin glandulofum. Stylus filifor- flightly furrowed, glandular at the bafe. Shaft
mis, flaminibus paulo longior. Stigma pelta- thread-Aaped, a little longer than the chives.
turn, fub-tetragonum. Summit Aield-Aaped, almoft four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfi Aprili, in Julium. Flowers from April, till July.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. ], The Empalement, and Bloffom.

2. Calyx, lente audtus. 2. The Empalement, magnified.

3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo didudta, Anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal, one
lente audta. Tip magnified.

5. Piftillum, audtum. 5. The Pointal, magnified.


LIBRARY
HEW YORK
botanical
&ARBEN
I
ERICA obliqua.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris basi bicornibus, inclusis; stylo Heath, with tips two-horned at the base, and

sub-exserto; corollis ovatis, laciniis ovalibus, within the blossom ; the shaft just without; bios-
\

maximis, erectis; floribus umbellatis, termina- soms egg-shaped, the segments of the border

libus, pedunculis pollicaribus; foliis oblique oval, very large, and upright; flowers grow in

sparsis, truncatis. bunches, and terminate the branches; the foot¬


stalks an inch long; the leaves grow scattered
obliquely, appearing cut off at the ends.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticosus, pedalis; rami simplices, Stem shrubby, grows a foot high; the

longi, filiformes. branches simple, long, and thread-shaped.

Folia sparsa, sa?pe vero quaterna, linearia, Leaves grow scattered, sometimes by fours,

arcuata, margine glanduloso-denticulata, glabra, linear, arched, appearing toothed by small glands

truncata, petiolis tenuissimis. at the edge, smooth, seeming cut off at the ends,
and with very slender footstalks.

Flores numerosi, sub apice ramorum um- Flowers numerous, growing in umbels at

bellati; pedunculi flore triplo longiores, colorati, the end of the branches; the footstalks thrice

viscidi, bracteis tribus linearibus instructi. the length of the flower, coloured, clammy, and
having three linear floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetrapliyllum; foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved; the leaflets

minutis, linearibus, viscosis, adpressis. very small, linear, clammy, and pressed to the

blossom.

Corolla sub-globosa, purpurea, magnitu- Blossom almost globular, purple, the size of

dine pisi; laciniis limbi maximis, erectis. a pea; the segments of the border very large and
upright.

Stamina. Filamenta octo, plana, linearia, Chives. Eight flat threads, linear, bent in¬

apice incurvata; anthera ad basin bicornutte, ward at the points; tips two-horned at the

inclus$. base, and within the blossom.

Pistillum. Germen tiara-forme, sulcatum; Pointal. Seed-bud turban-shaped and fur¬

glandule octo ad basin germinis; stylus cylin- rowed ; eight glands at the base of the seed-bud ;

dricus, sub-exsertus ; stigma tetragonum. shaft cylindrical, and just without the blossom ;

summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense Augusti in Decembrem. Flowers from August till December.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Folium lente auctum. 1. A Leaf magnified.

2. Flos. 2. A Flower.

3. Calyx lente auctus. 3. The Empalement magnified,

4. Stamina et Pistillum. 4. The Chives and Pointal.

5. Stamina a Pistillo diducta, lente aucta. 5. The Chives detached from the Pointal,

magnified.

6. Pistillum lente auctum. 6. The Pointal magnified.


library
new YORK
BOTANICAL
qar&bn
ERICA Patterfonia.

CHARACTER SPECJFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Eri ca, antheris aridatis, inclufis; foliis quater- Heath, with bearded tips, within the bloffom;
nis, floribus axillaribus, e foliis emergentibus, leaves growing by fours, the flowers grow clofe
cylindricis, luteis. to the flem, peeping out from amongft the leaves,
are cylindrical, and yellow.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, bipedalis, erecftus, ball ra- Stem fhrubby, two feet high, upright, branch¬
mofus, dein fimpliciffimus, pyramidatus, ramulis ing out at the bafe, then forming a fimple, pyra¬
breviffimis veditus. midal fpike, covered by very fhort branches.

Folia quaterna, linearia, incurvata, acuta, Leaves grow by fours, linear, curved, ffiarp-
glabra, fubtus fulcata, petiolis breviffimis, ad- pointed, and fmooth, furrowed underneath, hav¬
preffis. ing fhort leaf-dems preffed to the branches.

Flores plures, axillares, in medio cauli e fo¬ Flowers are numerous, growing clofe to, and
liis redti emergentes, pedunculis fere nullis. about the middle of the dem, peeping draight out
from amongd the leaves, with fcarce any foot-
dalks.

Calyx. Perianthium duplex, exterius triphyl- Empalement. Cup, double the outer three¬

lum, foliolis ovatis, acuminatis, interim tetraphyl- leaved, which are oval, and pointed, the inner

lum, foliolis fubulatis, apice recurvatis. four-leaved, being awl-fhaped, and bent back at
the point.

Corolla cylindrica, fubpollicaria, glabra, lu- Blossom cylindrical, near an inch 1 ong, fmooth,

tea, ore ardtato, quadrifido limbo reflexo. yellow, and narrow at the mouth, having a four-
lobed, redexed border.

Stamina. Filamenta o6to capillaria, corollas Chives. Eight hair-like threads, nearly the

fubaequalia, receptaculo inferta. Antheris arif- length of the bloffom, fixed into the receptacle.

tatis. Tips bearded.

Pistillum. Germen campanulatum. Stylus Pointal. Seed-veffel bell-fhaped. Shaft

ffiiformis, tortuofus, exfertus. Stigma tetrago- thread-fhaped, twided, and without the bloffom.

num. Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a Martio ad Auguftum. Flowers from March till Augud.

REFERENTI A. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement and Bloffom,

2. Calyx lente audtus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina et Piftilium. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo didudta anthera una lente 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
audla. tip magnified.

5. Stylus et Stigma lente au61a. 5. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
n
C1 /vcr/. r/f//'/?s6/t/r/.
I

LIBRARY
NEW YORK
BOTANICAL
ClARUCN

t
ERICA Petiveriana.

/ , ■

. \ l

CHARACTER SPECIEICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, exsertis, longissimis; Heath, with beardless tips, without the blossom,

corollis clavatis, pollicaribus, luteis; calyce imbri- and very long; the blossom is club-shaped, an inch

cato, foliis terms. long, and yellow; the cup is tiled; the leaves
grow by threes.

DE SCRIPT 10. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis strictissimus, rigidus, parum ramosus; Stem very upright, harsh, very little branched;

ramulis brevibus, frequentissimis. the smaller branches are short, and numerous.

Folia terna, linearia, obtusa, in apicibus ramu- Leaves grow by threes, are linear, blunt, and

lorum fasciculata, petiolis adpressis. are bundled together at the end of the small
branches; the foot-stalks grow close to the branches.

Flores in medio ramorum, ramulis ultimis ter- Flowers terminate the smaller branches about
minales, bini, vel terni, recurvi; pedunculi bre- the middle of the larger ones, by twos and threes,

vissimi, bracteis tribus calyciformibus. and are bent inwards; the foot-stalks are very
short, having three floral leaves, which seem to
form part of the cup.

Calyx. Perianthium duplex, imbricatum, in- Empalement. Cup double, and tiled, the

terius tetraphyllum, exterius triphyllum, foliolis inner four-leaved, the outer three-leaved, which

ovatis, acuminatis, concavis, luteis, glabris. are oval, pointed, hollow, smooth, and yellow. '

Corolla clavata, curvata, lutea, pollicaris, Blossom club-shaped, curved, yellow, smooth,
glabra, ad basin grossa, quadrifida; oris laciniis an inch long, swelled at the base, which is dir

incurvis, adpressis. vided into four; the segments of the mouth are
bent inwards, and pressed to the filaments.

Stamina. Filamenta octo capillaria, recepta- Chives. Eight hair-like threads fixed into the

culo inserta; antherse muticae, exsertse, longis- receptacle; tips beardless, very long, and without

simas. the blossom.

Pistillum. Germen ovatum. Stylus filifor- Pointal. Seed-vessel egg-shaped. Shaft thread¬

mis. Stigma tetragonum. shaped. Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense April! in Junium. Flowers from April till June.

REFERENT I A. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement and Blossom,

2. Corolla. 2. The Blossom.

3. Calyx lente auctus. 3. The Empalement magnified.

4. Stamina et Pistillum. 4. The Chives and Pointal.

5. Stamina a Pistillo diduct; anthera una lente 5. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
J

aucta. tip magnified.

6. Stylus et Stigma lente aucti. 6. The Shaft and Summit magnified.


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ERICA physodes*

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER,

Erica, antheris cristatis, inclusis; corollis ova- Heath, with crested tips within the blossoms,
tis, inflatis, glabris, viscosis, crystalling albis; which are egg-shaped, swelled out, smooth, clam¬

fbliis quaternis, marginibus glandulosis, obtusis. my, like crystal, and white; leaves grow by
fours, have glandular edges, and are blunt-ended.

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DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticosus, bipedalis, erectus; rami Stem shrubby, grows two feet high, upright;

erecti, ramulosi. the branches grow upright, and have numerous


little branches.

Folia quaterna, obtusa, lato-linearia, cari- Leaves grow by fours, are blunt, broadly

nata, curvata, margine glandulosa, viscosa, pa- linear, keeled, curved, the edges glandular,

tentia. clammy, and spreading.


^ i

Flores umbellate sub-quaterni, cernui, ad Flowers grow in umbels of mostly four to¬

apices ramulorum; pedunculi mediocres, bracteis gether, hanging down from the ends of the

minutis, distantibus. smaller branches; the footstalks of the length


of the blossoms, with floral leaves that are very
small, and placed at a distance from the blossom.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup of four leaves, which are
ovatis, brevissimis, adpressis, viscosis. egg-shaped, very short, pressed to the blossom,
and clammy.

Corolla ovata, alba,, crystallina, magnitu- Blossom egg-shaped, white, and like crystal,

dine pisi; laciniis acuminatis, erectis. the size of a pea; segments of the border taper¬
ing and upright.

Stamina. Filamenta octo capillaria; an¬ Chives. Eight hair-like threads; tips crested,

ther® cristat®, inclus®. and within the blossom.

Pistillum. Germen globosum, sulcatum. Pointal. Seed-bud globular, and furrowed.

Stylus sub-inclusus. Stigma tetragonum. Shaft just within the blossom. Summit four-
cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bon® Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense Februario in Julium. Flowers from February till July.


s . . »

RE FERE NT I A. REFERENCE.

1. Folium lente auctum. 1. A Leaf magnified.

2. Calyx et Corolla. 2. The Empalement and Blossom.

3. Calyx lente auctus. 3. The Empalement magnified.

4. Stamina et Pistillum. 4. The Chives and Pointal,

5. Stamen lente auctum. 5. A Chive magnified.

, 6. Pistillum lente auctum. 6. The Pointal magnified.


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LIBRARY
NEW YORK
botanical
GARDEN

.
ERICA pinea.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, inclufis; corollis tu- Heath with beardlefs tips, within the bloffoms,
bulofo-clavatis, fnb-albidis; floribus axillaribus, which are tubularly club-ffiaped, and nearly
verticillatis, pollicaribus; foliis, fub-fenis, linea- white; flowers grow from the lower part of the
ribus, glabris, rigidis, longis. leaves clofe to the Item in whorls, are an inch
long; leaves grow moftly by fixes, are linear
and fmooth, ftiff, and long.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis eredtus, plus quambipedalis, robufius; Stem upright, grows more than two feet
rami verticillati, eredlo-patentes, raro ramulofi, high and very flout; the branches grow in
cauli limiles. whorls, fpreading and upright, feldom break¬
ing into fmaller branches, and like the Item.

Folia fena, linearia, glabra, patentia, lon- Leaves grow by fixes, are linear, fmooth,
giffima, petiolis adpreffis. fpread outward, and very long, the foot-flalks
prefled to the Item.

Flores in medio ramorum verticillati, hori- Flowers grow in whorls about the middle
zontales, pollicares; pedunculi breviffimi, bradteis of the branches, horizontal, and an inch in
tribus inftrudti. length; the foot-flalks very ffiort, with three;
floral leaves on them.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leayed, the leaflets

fubulatis, ad batin latioribus, glabris, adpreffis. are awl-lhaped, broadeft at the bafe, fmooth,
and prefled to the bloflom.

Corolla tubulofo-clavata, obtufa, fub-albida; Blossom tubularly club-ffiaped, blunt ended,

laciniis reflexis. and nearly white; the fegments of the border are
reflexed.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria, corolla Chives. . Eight hair-like threads ffiorter than

breviora. Antheras muticas, inclufas. the bloflom. Tips beardlefs and within the
bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen turbinatum, fulcatum; Pointal. Seed-bud turban-ffiaped and fur¬


apice pilofum, ad bafin glandulofum. Stylus rowed ; hairy on the upper part, and glandular
filiformis, exfertus. Stigma peltatum. at the bafe. Shaft thread-ffiaped, and without
the bloflom. Summit ffiield-ffiaped.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menli Augufli, in Decembrem. Flowers from Auguft, till December.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.
' /

1. Folium, lente audtum. 1. A Leaf, magnified.


2. Calyx et Corolla. 2. The Empalement, and Bloflom.
3. Calyx, audtus. 3. The Empalement, magnified.
4. Stamina, et Piflillum. 4. The Chives, and Pointal, magnified.
5. Stamina a Piftillo didudta, anthera una 5. The Chives detached from the Pointal,
lente audta. a Tip magnified.
6. Piftillum, ftigma audtum. 6. The Pointal, the Summit magnified.
7. Germen, audtum. 7. The Seed-bud, magnified.
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ERICA Plukenetia nana.

CHARACTER SPECIFIC US. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica antheris muticis, longiffimis, exfertis; Heath with beardlefs tips, very long, and with¬
floribus folitariis, cemuis, bradteis remotis; co¬ out the bloffom; flowers grow folitary, hanging
rolla fub cylindrica, fub-truncata, atro-purpurea; down, with the floral leaves at a distance; blof¬
oris laciniis minutis, eredtis; calycibus fimplici- fom nearly cylindrical, appearing nearly as if cut
bus; foliis temis, confertis, inflexis. off at the mouth, of a deep purple; the feg-
ments of the mouth are fmall, and upright; the
cups fimple; leaves grow by threes, crowded to¬
gether, and turned inwards.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.
Caulis fub-pedalis, eredtus, robuftus; rami Stem grows nearly a foot high, upright, and
verticillati, patenti; ramuli frequentiffimi, fub- ffurdy; the branches grow in whorls, fpreading;
eredti. the fmaller branches are numerous, and nearly
upright.

Folia tema, linearia, glabra, arcuata, inflexa, Leaves grow by threes, linear, fmooth, bent
fubtus fulcata; petiolis fere nullis. like a bow, turned inward, and furrowed be¬
neath ; fcarce any foot-ftalks.

Flores in medio ramorum ex axillis folioram Fl owers grow in the middle of the branches,
verticillati, folitarii; pedunculi longilfimi, brac- from the bafe of the leaves in whorls, and fingly;
teis minutis, remotis. the foot-ftalks the length of the blofloms, having
very fmall floral leaves at a diftance from the cup.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup three - leaved, leaflets


glabris, carinatis, ovatis, acutis, coloratis, ad- fmooth, keeled, egg-fhaped, pointed, coloured,
preffis. and prefled to the bloffom.

Corolla fub-cylindrica, fub-truncata, glabra, Bl ossom nearly cylindrical, appearing almoft


atro-purpurea; laciniis limbi obtulis, obfoletis, as if cut off at the end, fmooth, and of a deep
viridibus, eredlis. purple; the fegments of the border blunt, very
fmall, green, and upright.
Stamina. Filamenta odto, plana, longitudine Chives. Eight flat threads, the length of the
corollae. Anthers mu tics, exfertas, filamentorum bloffom. Tips beardlefs, without the bloffom,
longitudine, attenuata in filamenta. the length of the threads, and tapered into them.

Pistillum. Germen ovatum, glabrum. Sty¬ Pointal. Seed-bud egg-fhaped, and fmooth.
lus filiformis, exfertus, ftaminibus paulo longior. Shaft thread-fhaped, without the bloffom, and a
Stigma obfolete tetragonum. little longer than the chives. Summit flightly
four-cornered.
Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.
Floret a menli Junii, in Novembrem. Flowers from the month of June, till November.
REFERENTIA, REFERENCE.
1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloffom.
2. Calyx, lente au£tus. 2. The Empalement, magnified.
3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.
4. Stamina a Piftillo didudta, anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal,
lente audta. one Tip magnified.
5. Stylus, et Stigma, Stigma audtum. 4. The Shaft, and Summit, the Summit mag¬
nified.
6. Germen audtum. 6. The Seed-bud, magnified.
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ERICA pubefcens.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris ariftatis, inclufis; ftylo fub- Heath, with bearded tips, within the blolfom;
exferto; corollis ovatis, pubefcentibus; foliis lhaft juft without; bloffoms egg-lhaped and
quaternis, arcuatis, incurvatis, hirtis; caule pi- downy; leaves grow by fours, bowed, turned
lofo. inwards, and hairy; Item hairy.
t

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, ramofus, pilofus; rami et Stem fhrubby, branching and hairy; the

ramuli piloii, filiformes, virgati. large and fmall branches are hairy; thread-
fhaped, and twiggy.

Folia quaterna, faspe tema, obtufa, villofa, Leaves grow by fours, often by threes,
incurva, arcuata, fubtus fulcata; petiolis brevif- blunt, hairy, turned inwards, bowed, and fur¬
iimis adprelfis. rowed beneath; having very Ihort foot-ftalks
prefied to the Item.

Flores in ramulis terminales, umbellati, bini, Flowers terminate the fmall branches in
temi, vel plures, copioli, purpurei; pedunculi umbels of two, three, or more, are very abun¬
capillares, bradleis tribus, hirfutis, inftrudti. dant, and purple; foot-ftalks are hair-like, hav¬
ing three hairy floral-leaves on them.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup of four leaves, which


pilofis, rufefcentibus, fubulatis, apicibus colo- are hairy, rough, awl-fhaped, coloured at the
ratis, obtuiis. ends, and blunt.

Corolla, ovata, obtufa, villofa; oris laciniis Blossom egg-lhaped, blunt, and hairy; the

minutis, eredtis. fegments of the mouth are fmall and upright.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria. An¬ Chives. Eight hair-like threads. Tips bearded,

ther® ariftatae, inclufas. and within the blolfom.

Pistillum. Germen ovatum, ad bafin glan- Pointal. Seed-bud egg-lhaped and glan¬

dulofum. Stylus filiformis, purpureus. Stigma dular at the bafe. Shaft thread-lhaped and pur¬

ad balin peltatum, apice tetragonum. ple. Summit fhield-lhaped at the bafe, and
four-cornered at the top.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menli Augulii, in Februarium. Flowers from Auguft, till February.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Folium, audlum. ]. A leaf, magnified.

2. Calyx, et Corolla. 2. The Empalement, and Bloflom.

3. Calyx, audtus. 3. The Empalement, magnified.

4. Stamina et Pillillum. 4. The Chives, and Pointal.

5. Stamina, lente audta. 5. The Chives, magnified.

6. Germen, Stylus et Stigma, lente audla. 6. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and its Summit, mag¬
nified.
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ERICA pulchella.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, inclufis; flores fub-glo- Heath, with beardlefs tips, within the bloflom;

bofi, incarnati, axillares, paniculati; caulis fili- the flowers nearly globular, flefh coloured, and

formis, flexuofus; folia terna, trigona, fexfariam grow from the lower part of the leaves, clofe to

imbricata. the branches, forming a loofe fpike; flem thread-


fhaped, growing zig-zagged; leaves grow by
threes, three-flded, tiled, and forming flx edges.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis flexuofus, pedalis, glaber; rami flex- Stem grows zig-zagged, a foot high, and

uofi, fub-fimplices, filiformes, longi. fmooth; branches like the flem, grow nearly Am¬
ple, thread-fhaped, and long.

Folia terna, trigona, glabra, obtufa, lexfari- Leaves grow by threes, three-flded, * fmooth,
am imbricata, fub-erefla; petiolis breviflimis, ad- blunt, forming fix edges, and almoft upright;

preflis. the foot-ftalks are very Ihort, and prefled to the


branches.

Flores in fummis ramulis paniculati, axil¬ Flowers grow in loofe fpikes, near the ends
lares; pedunculi longiflimi, bradleis tribus, mi- of the fmall branches from the lower part of the

nutis, remotis, inftrudti. leaves; the foot-flalks very long, having three
fmall floral leaves near the lower part.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup of four leaves, which

ciliatis, concavis, adpreflis, ovatis. are fringed, concave, prefled to the bloflom, and

egg-fhaped.

Corolla fub-globofa, parva, incarnata, laci- Blossom, almoft globular, fmall, and flefli-

niis minutis, eredtis. coloured; the fegments fmall, and upright.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria, recep- Chives. Eight hair-like threads, fixed into
taculo inferta. Antherae muticae, inclufae. the receptacle. Tips beardlefs, and within the
bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen globofum. Stylus cy- Pointal. Seed-bud globular. Shaft cylin¬
lindricus, inclufus. Stigma tetragonum. drical, and within the bloflom. Summit four-
cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfi Augufti, in Februarium. Flowers from Auguft, till February.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Folium unum, lente audtum. 1. A Leaf, magnified.

2. Corolla, et Calyx. 2. The Bloflom, and Empalement.

3. Calyx, lente audtus. 3. The Empalement, magnified.

4. Stamina a Piflillo didudta. 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal.

5. Stamen unum lente audtum. 5. A Chive, magnified.

6. Germen, Stylus, et Stigma, lente audta. 6. The Seed-bud, Shaft, and Summit, mag¬
nified.
N1EW YORK
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ERICA purpurea.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

li/iucA, antheris muticis, exfertis; corollis verti- Heath, with beardlefs tips, without the blof-
cillatis, tubulofis, a ball incurvata, fenfim ampli- foms; which grow in whorls, are tubular, gra¬
atis; foliis lubfenis. dually widening from an incurved bafe; leaves
growing mollly by fixes.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, eredtus, bipedalis,pubefcens, Stem fhrubby, upright, grows two feet high,
ball fimpliciffimus, dein verticillatim ramofus, ra- downy, quite intire at the bafe, then throws out a
mis fimplicibus, adfcendentibus. number of whorled, fimple, afcending branches.

Folia fubfena, linearia, recurvato patentia, Leaves growing generally in fixes, linear,
fupra plana, fubtus revoluta, acuta, rigida, bre- bent backward and fpreading, plain on their
viffimis adpreffis petiolis. upper, and rolled back on their under, furface,
lharp-pointed, inflexible, with Ihort leaf-ltalks
prefled clofely to the Item.

Flores verticillati, fubterminales, dilute pur- Flowers grow in whorls, nearly at the top of
purei, pedunculis breviffimis inftrudti. the branches, of a line light purple, and furnilhed
with very Ihort foot-fialks.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


ere&is, ovato-oblongis, acuminatis; bradteis binis of an oblong-oval ffiape, upright, and pointed;
adpreffis. with two floral-leaves clofe to it.

Corolla tubulofa, ball incurvata, feniim ver- Blossom tubular, with an incurved bafe, gra¬
ffis apicem dilatata; ore quadrilobo aequali pa- dually widening towards the mouth, which is cut
tente. into four equal, fpreading lobes.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria, recepta- Chives. Eight hair-like threads, fixed in the
culo inferta. Antheras muticae, exfertas, bipar¬ receptacle. Tips beardlefs, without the bloffom,
tite. and deeply divided.

Pi stillum. Germen turbinatum. Stylus fili- Pointal. Seed-veflel turban-ffiaped. Shaft


formis, lilamentis longior. Stigma tetragonum. thread-fhaped, longer than the threads. Summit
four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bone Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menli Julii ad Decembrem. In bloom from July till December.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement with the Bloffom.

2. Calyx et Bradtea lente audta. 2. The Empalement and Floral-leaves magnified.

3. Stamina et Piltillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo didudta, anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal, one
lente audta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus et Stigma lente audta. 5. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
I

library
NEW YORK
BOTANICAL
garobn
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ERICA pyramidalis.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, inclufis; floribus um- Heath, with beardlefs tips, within the bloffom;
bellatis, fub-quaternis; corolla pyramidata, car- flowers grow in umbels moftly of four; bloffom

nea, laciniis maximis, eredtis; foliis fub-qua¬ pyramid-ffiaped and fleffi coloured, the fegments
ternis, linearibus, pilofis, obtufis. very large, and upright; leaves grow generally
by fours, linear, hairy and blunt ended.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, ramofus, flexilis; ramuli Stem fhrubby, branching and flexible; lmall

frequentiffimi, verticillati, fub-quaterni, brevi, branches are numerous, grow in whorls, moftly

cernui. by fours, fhort and hanging down.

Folia fub-quaterna, lincaria, pilofa, tenuia, Leaves grow rnoft frequently by fours, are
fubtus fulcata; petiolis breviffimis, adpreffis. linear, hairy, thin and furrowed beneath; foot-
ftalks very fhort and preffed to the Item.

Flores in apicibus ramulorum umbellati, Flowers grow at the ends of the fmall
fub-quaterni; pedunculi recti, colorati, bracteis branches in bunches, generally of four; the foot-
minutis, remotis. ftalks grow ftraight, are coloured, having the
floral leaves at a diftance from the bloffom.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis, Empalement. Cup four-leaved, leaflets awl-


fubulatis, adpreffis. fhaped, and preffed to the bloffom.

Corolla campanulato-infundibnliformis, car- Blossom between bell and funnel-ffiaped, and


nea; laciniis limbi acutis, maximis, femiovatis, flefh-coloured; the fegments of the border are
apicibus parum patulis. pointed, very large, half egg-fhaped, with the
ends a little fpreading.

Stamina. Filamenta o6to capiilaria. An¬ Chives. Eight hair-like threads. Tips beard¬
thers muticas, inclufas. lefs, and within the bloffom.

Pistillum. Germen fub-globofum, apice Pointal. Seed-bud nearly globular, eight

odlo-partitum, compreffum. Stylus ffiiformis, diviftons at the top and flattened. Shaft thread-
eredtus, fubexfertus. Stigma tetragonum. fhaped, upright and juft without the bloffom.
Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfi Septembris, in Decembrem. Flowers from September, till December.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

I. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloffom.

2. Calyx, lente au<5tus. 2. The Empalement, magnified.

3. Corolla. 3. The Bloffom.

4.v Stamina a Piftillo didudta. 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal. -

5. Andiera una lente audta. 5. A Tip, magnified.

0. Piftillum, lente audlum. 6. The Pointal and Seed-bud, magnified.


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ERICA radiata.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. 1 SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, inclufis; flylo exferto; Heath, with beardlefs tips, within the blofl’om;

floribus horizontaliter-verticillatis, terminalibus; ffiaft without; flowers terminate the branches in

corollis fub-cylindricis, pollicaribus, laciniis re- horizontal whorls; bloffoms nearly cylindrical,

volutis; foliis quatemis, glabris, patentibus. an inch long, with the fegments of the border
rolled back; leaves grow by fours, fmooth and
fpreading.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, eredtus, fub-pedalis, ramo- Stem ffirubby, upright, grows near afoot high,
fus; rami fub-fimplices, patento-eredti, glabri. and branching; the branches nearly Ample,
fpreading upright and fmooth.

Folia quaterna, linearia, patentia, fubtus ful- Leaves grow by fours, linear, fpreading, fur¬
cata, fupra plana, glabra; petiolis adpreffis. rowed on the under part, flat on the upper part and
fmooth; the foot-llalks prefled to the branches.

Flores in ramulorum apice yerticillati, ho- Flowers grow in whorls at the ends of the

rizontaliter fiti; pedunculi foliorum longitudine, finaller branches, Handing horizontally; the

bradteis tribus, fubulatis, inftrudti. foot-flalks the length of the leaves, having three
awl-ffiaped floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, the leaflets


fubulatis, adpreffis. are awl-ffiaped, and prefled to the bloflom.

Corolla fubcylindrica, calyce triplo longior; Blossom almofl: cylinder-ffiaped, thrice the
oris laciniis revolutis. length of the cup; the fegments of the mouth
are rolled back.

Stamina. Filamenta odlo capillaria. An- Chives. Eight hair-like threads. Tips beard¬
therae muticae, inclufae. lefs, and within the bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen clavatum, fulcatum. Pointal. Seed-bud club-ffiaped, and fur¬


Stylus filiformis, exfertus. Stigma tetragonum. rowed. Shaft thread-ffiaped and without the
bloflom. Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menli Augufli, in Novembrem. Flowers from Auguft, till November.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Flos. 1. The Flower.

2. Calyx, lente audtus. 2. The Empalement, magnified.

3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stylus, et Stigma, lente audta. 4. The Shaft and Summit, magnified.


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ERICA ramentacea

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris cristatis, inclusis ; corollis glo- Heath, whose tips are crested, and within the
bosis, umbellis confertis, rubro-purpureis, pe- blossoms, which are globe-shaped, growing in
dunculis longissimis, coloratis; foliis quater- close bunches, of a reddish-purple colour, having
nis. very long foot-stalks coloured; the leaves grow by
fours.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis erectus, spithamseus, ramosissimus, ra¬ Stem upright, a span high, very much branch¬
mi et ramuli filiformes, divaricato-patentes. ed ; the larger and smaller branches are thread¬
shaped, and spread into various directions.

Folia quaterna, linearia, subtus sulcata, glabra, Leaves grow by fours, are linear, furrowed
acuminata. underneath, smooth, and pointed.

Flores plures, terminales, umbellati, conferti; The Flowers are numerous, terminating the
pedunculi purpurei, longissimi, capillares, bracteis branches in close bunches ; the foot-stalks are pui--
tribus instructi. ple, very long, hair-like, and have three floral
leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


•subulatis, coloratis. awl-shaped, and coloured.

Corolla globosa, rubro-purpurea, ore con- Blossom globe-shaped, of a reddish purple, the
tracto, laciniis minutis, reflexis. mouth contracted, the segments of which are very
small, and bent back.

Stamina. Filamenta octo capillaria, receptaculo Chives. Eight hair-like threads fixed into the
inserta ; Antheris cristatis, inclusis. receptacle; the tips crested, and within the blos¬
som.

Pistillum. Germen globosum, sulcatum; Pointal. Seed-vessel globe-shaped, and fur¬


Stylus filiformis sub-exsertus. Stigma tetragonum, rowed. Shaft thread-shaped, just without the blos¬
pubescens. som. Summit four-cornered, and downy.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei.


Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense Augusti in Decembrem.


Flowers from August till December.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Blossom.


2. Calyx lente auctus. 2. The Empalement magnified.
3. Stamina, et Pistillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.
4. Stamina a Pistillo diducta, anthera una lente 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
aucta. tip magnified.
5. Stylus, et Stigma, lente aucta. .5. The Shaft, and its Summit, magnified.
LIBRARY
new YORK
BOTAN5CAL
QAR&8N
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ERICA retorta. /

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, inclufis; foliis qua'ter- Heath, with beardlefs tips, within the blofiom;

nis, retortis, apice fetaceis, margine ciliatis; flo- the leaves grow by fours, are rolled back, having

ribus umbellatis, vifcofis, carneis, ampullaceis. briftles at their points, and fringed at their edges;
the flowers grow in bunches, are clammy, flefh
coloured, and flafk-fhaped.

DESCR1PTI0. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, pedalis, eredtus, ramofus; Stem fhrubby, grows about a foot high, and

rami flexuofi, filiformes. upright; the branches are crooked, and thread-
fliaped.

Folia quaterna, retorta, feta terminali arif- The Leaves grow by fours, are rolled back,

tata, margine ciliata, glabra, fupra plana, fubtus terminating with an awn-like brittle, fringed at
fulcata; petioli breviflimi, adpreffi. the edges, fmooth, flat on the upper and fur¬
rowed on the under part, having fhort foot-flalks
prefled to the branches.

Flores plures, fubterminales,.faepe quatuor, The Flowers are numerous, nearly terminal,

verticillati, vifcofi; pedunculi longi, bradieis tri¬ moftly by fours, in whorls, and clammy; the

bus inflructi. foot-ftalks are long, having three floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are

arifiatis, apice ciliatis, fubovatis, vifcofis, adpref- each terminated by a brittle, the ends fringed,

fis. nearly oval, clammy, and prefled to the bloflom.

Corolla, bafi inflata, apice attenuata, ima The Blossom is fwelled out at the bafe, and
parte carnea, fumma faturate purpurea, ore arc- tapers to the point, the lower part is of a flefh
tata, laciniis ovatis, reflexis. colour, the upper deep purple, ttraightened at

the mouth, whofe fegments are egg-thaped, and


bent back.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria, recep- Chives. Eight hair-like threads fixed into

taculo inferta. Antherae inclufae, villofo-muticse. the receptacle. The tips are within the bloflom,

beardlefs, and covered with hairs.

Pi stillum. Germen clavatum; ftylus exfer- Pointal. Seed - veflel club-fhaped; fhaft
tus, purpureus; ftigma tetragonum. without the bloflom, and purple; fummit four-
cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfe Julii, in Odtobrem.


Flowers from July, till October.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Folium unum lente audtum. 1. One leaf magnified.

2. Calyx, et Corolla. 2. The Empalement, and Bloflom.

3. Calyx, lente audtus. 3. The Empalement magnified.

4. Stamina, et Piftillum. 4. The Chives and Pointal.

5. Stamina a Piftillo didudta; anthera una 5. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente audta. tip magnified.

6. Stylus, et Stigma lente audta. 6. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
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ERICA Sebana aurantia.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, exfertis, longiflimis;’ Heath, with beardlefs tips,without the bloffom,
coi'olla clavata, incurvata, aurantia ; laciniis ob- and very long ; bloffom club-fhaped, turned in¬
tufis, ^ncurvis ; fioribus ternis, terminalibus; wards and orange coloured ; fegments blunt,
calyx duplex, imbricatus ; foliis ternis, arcuatis, turned inwards; flowers grow by threes at the
reflexis; rauii toti tefti ramulis breviffimis. ends of the branches ; cup double, tiled ; leaves
grow by threes, are curved, and reflexed ; the
branches are quite covered with little branches.
DESCRIPTIO.
DESCRIPTION.
Caulis robuftus, eredtus, pedalis; rami pauci, Stem fiurdy, upright, grows a foot high;
tedli ramulis confertis, breviffimis.
branches few, covered by little branches which
are crowded together.

Folia terna, linearia, arcuata, conferta, fub-


Leave sgrowby threes, linear, arched, crowded,
trigona, reflexa, apice acuta, breviffime peti- nearly three-fided, reflexed, lharp-pointed, very
olata. fmall foot-fialks.

Flores temi in apice ramulorum dependenti; Flowers grow by threes at the end of the
pedunculi breviffimi, nudi. fmall branches, hanging down; very fhort,
naked, foot-ftalks.

Calyx. Perianthium duplex, exterius tri- Empalement. Cup double, the outer three¬
phyllum, foliolis, lato-ovatis, membranaceis, ad- leaved, leaflets broad egg-fhaped and fkinny,
preffis, imbricatis ; interius tetraphyllum, foliolis preffed to the Item, tiled; the inner four-leaved,
majoribus. with larger leaflets.

Corolla clavata, incurvata, aurea, calyce Blossom club-fhaped, turned inwards, orange
duplo longior; laciniis limbi obtulis, incurvis. colour, and twice the length of the cup; the
fegments of the mouth blunt and turned inwards.

Stamina. Filamenta o6to linearia, plana. Chives. Eight linear, flat threads ; tips beard¬
Anthers muticae, exfertae, longilfimae, lineares, lefs, without the bloffom, very long, linear, and
attenuata in filamenta. tapered into the threads.

Pistillum. Germen ovale, apice truncatum, Pointal. Seed-bud oval, appearing cutoff
fulcatum. Stylus filiformis, fiaminibus paulo at the end and furrowed. Shaft thread-fhaped,
longior. Stigma obfolete tetragonum. a little longer than the chives. Summit flightly
four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfe Julii, in Novembrem.


Flowers from July, till November.

REFERENTIA.
REFERENCE.
/

1. Calyx audtus.
1. The Empalement, magnified.
2. Flos. 2. A Flower.

3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.


4. Stamina a Pifiillo didudta.
4. The Chives detached from the Pointal.
5. Anthera una, lente audta. 5. A Tip, magnified. - '

6. Stigma, audtum. 6. The Summit, magnified.

7- Germen, au&um. 7. The Seed-bud, magnified.


LIBRARY
HEW YORK
botanical
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ERICA Sebana lutea.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, exfertis, longiffimis ; Heath, with beardlefs tips, without the blof-
corolla conica, lutea; laciniis obtufis, eredlis; fom and very long ; bloffom conical, and yellow;
floribus tern is, terminalibus, dependentibus; fegments of the border upright; flowers grow by
calyx duplex, imbricatus ; foliis ternis, confer- threes, terminating the branches, hanging down;

tiffimis, reflexis, arcuatis ; caulis fimplex, elon- empalement double, tiled; leaves grow by threes,

gatus. very crowded, are bent back and crooked; stem


Ample, lengthened out.

s DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.
9

Caulis eredtus, bipedalis, laxus ; rami pauci, Stem upright, grows two feet high, and weak;
ramulis breviffimis tedli. larger branches few, covered with numerous
ffiorter ones.

Folia terna, linearia, arcuata; conferta, fub- Leaves grow by threes, linear, curved,
trigona, reflexa, apice acuta, breviffime petiolata. crowded, nearly three-fided, reflexed, ffiarp-
pointed, foot-ftalks very fhort.

Flores term in apice ramulorum penduli; Flowers grow by threes hanging down at
pedunculis breviffimis. the end of the fmaller branches; foot-ftalks very
ffiort.

Calyx. Perianthium duplex, exterius tri- Empalement. Cup double, the outer three¬
phyllum, foliolis lato-ovatis, membranaceis, ad- leaved, leaflets broad egg-ffiaped, flcinny, prefled
preffis, imbricatis ; interius tetraphyllum, foliolis to the inner, and tiled; the inner four-leaved,
majoribus. with larger leaflets.

Corolla conica, calyce duplo longior, lutea; Blossom conical, twice the length of the
laciniis limbi obtulis, eredtis. cup, yellow ; the fegments of the border blunt
and upright.
Stamina. Filamenta odto, linearia, plana. Chives. Eight linear threads, flat. Tips
Antherae muticas, exfertae, lineares, longiffimae, beardlefs, without the bloffom, linear, very long,
attenuata in filamenta.
tapered into the threads.
Pistillum. Germen ovale, apice truncatum, Pointal. .Seed-bud oval, appearing cut off
fulcatum. Stylus filiformis, exfertus, ftaminibus at the end, furrowed. Shaft thread-ffiaped,
paulo longior. Stigma obfoletum, virefcens. without the bloffom, a little longer than the
chives. Summit obfolete, and greeniffi.
Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei.
Native of the Cape of Good Hope.
Floret a menfe Augusti, in Januarium. Flowers from Auguft, till January.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE,
1. Calyx. 1. The Empalement.

2. Corolla. 2. The Bloffom.

3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stamina a piftillo didudta. 4. The Chives detached from the pointal.

5. Anthera una, lente audta. 5. A Tip, magnified.

6. Piftillum, magnitudine naturali, Stigma 6. The Pointal of the natural fize, the Summit
dilatatum. larger. .
(

7. Germen, audlum. 7. 'The Seed-bud. magnified.


6
LIBRARY
NEW YORK
BOTANICAL

V,.-- .
ERICA Sefaana, viridis.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, exertis, longissimis ; Heath, with beardless tips, without the blossom,
corolla conica, sub-viridis, laciniis obtusis, rec- and very long; blossom conical and greenish,
tis; floribus terms, terminalibus, dependentibus; having the segments of the mouth blunt, and
calyx duplex, imbricatus; foliis ternis, reflexis, straight; the flowers grow by threes, at the end
confertis, arcuatis. of the branches, hanging down; cup double and
tiled; the leaves grow by threes, are bent back¬
ward, crowded together, and arched.

DESdRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis robustus, erectus, pedalis; rami tecti Stem sturdy, upright, and a foot high; the
ramulis brevissimis, confertis. branches are covered with very short lesser
branches, crowded together.

Folia terna, linearia, arcuata, conferta, sub- Leaves grow by threes, are linear, arched,
trig'ona, reflexa, apice acuta, brevissime petiolata. crowded together, nearly three-sided, reflexed,

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sharp-pointed, and on very short footstalks.

Flores terni, in apice ramulorum brevissi- Flowers grow by threes, at the end of the
morum cernui. shorter branches hanging down.

Calyx. Perianthium duplex; exterius tri- Empalement. Cup double; the outer three¬
phyllum, foliolis lato-ovatis, membranaceis, ad- leaved, the leaflets of a broad egg-shape, skinny,
pressis, imbricatis ; interius tetraphyllum, foliolis pressed to the inner cup, and tiled; the inner
majoribus. four-leaved, the leaflets larger.

Corolla conica, calyce duplo longior, pal- Blossom conical, twice the length of the cup,
lide-viridis; laciniis limbi obtusis, rectis. and pale green; the segments of the border are
blunt, and straight.

Stamina. Filamenta octo, linearia, plana; Chives. Eight linear, flat threads ; tips beard¬
antherae muticas, exsertaj, longissimie, sub-rubrse. less, without the blossom, very long, and reddish.

Pistillum. Germen conicum. Stylus filifor- Pointal. Seed-bud conical. Shaft thread¬
mis, exsertus, staminibus paulo longior. Stigma shaped, without the blossom, and something
tetragonum. longer than the chives. Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret in mense Aprilis. Flowers in the month of April.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1; Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement and Blossom.

2. Calyx lente auctus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Corolla. 3. The Blossom.

4. Stamina et Pistillum. 4. The Chives arid Pointal.

5. Stamen unum auctum. 5. A Chive magnified.

6. Pistillum lente auctum. 6. The Pointal magnified.


s-

LIBRARY
NEW YORK
BOTANICAL,
GAHB3*;

r
ERICA serratifolia.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica,, antheris muticis sub-exsertis, corollis Heath, with beardless tips just out of the bios*
sub-cylindricis, luteo-aurantiis, sub-pollicaribus ; soms, which are nearly cylindrical, of an orange
foliis quaternis, rigidis, acutis, serratis. yellow, almost an inch long; the leaves grow by
fours, are harsh, sharp, and sawed at the edges.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION*

Caulis erectus, rigidus, pedalis, ramosus; ra- Stem upright, harsh, grows a foot high, and
muli frequentissimi, breves. much branched; the smaller branches are nu¬
merous, and short.

Folia quaterna, rigida, serrata, acuta, nitida, Leaves grow by fours, are harsh, sawed,
trigona, patentia, apice incurvata; petiolis bre- sharp, shining, three-sided, and spreading, the
vissimis, adpressis. point bent inwards; with very short floral leaves
pressed to the stem.

Flores terminales, in apicibus ramulorum Flowers are terminal, two or three together
biiii vel terni, sub-cernui; pedunculi breves, at the end of the smaller branches, bending- a
o

bracteis tribus instructi. little downward; the footstalks are short, having-

three floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved; the leaflets


lanceolatis, serratis, reflexis. are spear-shaped, sawed, and bent outward.

Corolla sub-pollicaria, sub-cylindrica, luteo- Blossom near an inch long, almost cylindri¬
aurantia, apice paulo contracta; oris laciniis re¬ cal, orange yellow, a little contracted at the
flexis. top; the segments of the mouth are bent back.

Stamina. Filamenta octo capillaria; antheraj Chives. Eight hair-like threads; tips nearly
sub-exsertie, muticce. without the blossom, and beardless.

Pistillum. Germen cylindricum. Stylus fili- Pointal. Seed-vessel cylindrical. Shaft


formis, exsertus. Stigma teiragonum. thread-shaped, and without the blossom, Sum¬
mit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense Augusti in Decembrem. Flowers from August till December,

RE FERE NT I A.. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla.
1. The Empalement and Blossom,

2. Calyx lente auctus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina et Pistillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Pistillo diducta, anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal, one
lente aucta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus et Stigma lente aucti. 5. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
(
UtfRARY
NEW YORK
botanical
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ERICA fetacea.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.


Erica, antheris ball bicornibus, inclufis; ftylo Heath, with tips two-horned at the bafe, within
longiflimo, exferto; floribus racemofis, termina- the bloflom, the fhaft very long and without;
libus, ternis; corollis urceolatis, pallidis, minutis; flowers grow in long bunches, terminating the
foliis ternis, hifpidis; caulis flexilis, filiformis. fmall branches by threes; blofloms pitcher-
fhaped, pale and fmall; leaves grow by threes,
with harfh hair on them; ftem weak and thread-
lhaped.

DESCRIPTIO. description.

Caulis rami et ramuli filiformes, flexuofi, te- Stem larger and fmaller branches are thread-
nuiffime fcabri, villofi. fhapcd, grow zig-zag, are a little rough and
hairy.

Folia terna, linearia, arcuata, obtufa, fupra Leaves grow by threes, are linear, bowed,
fub-fcabrida, margine fetacea, revoluta; petioli blunt, roughifh on the upper fide, briflly and
breviflimi. rolled back at the edge; the foot-ftalks very thort.

Flores in ultimis ramulis terminales, fub- Flowers grow moftly by threes at the extre¬
terni, fpicati; pedunculi longitudine florum, brac- mity of the fmaller branches, forming a fpike;
teis tribus, ad bafin inftrutfti. the foot-ftalks the length of the flowers, having
three floral leaves at the bafe.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, leaflets egg-


ovatis, apice pilofis, adpreflis. fhaped, hairy at the end and prefled to the blof-
foms.

Corolla urceolata, glabra, fub-albida, mi- Blossom pitcher-fhape, fmooth, whitilh and
nuta; laciniae limbi fub-eredtae, obtufae. fmall; the fegments of the border are almoft up¬
right and blunt.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria. An- Chives. Eight hair-like threads. Tips within
therae inclufae, ad bafin bicornutaa. the bloflom and two-horned at the bafe.

Pistillum. Germen fub-globofum, fulca- Pointal. Seed-bud nearly globular, and


tum. Stylus exfertus, longiflimus. Stigma furrowed. Shaft without the bloflom, and very
maximum, tetragonum, purpureum. long. Summit very large, four-cornered, and
purple.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfi Februarii, in Aprilem. Flowers from February till April.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Folium unum, lente audtum. 1. A leaf, magnified.

2. Calyx, et Corolla. 2. The Empalement, and Bloflom.

3. Calyx, audtus. 3. The Empalement, magnified.

4. Stamina et Piftillum. 4. The Chives, and Pointal.

5. Stamina a Piftillo didudta. 5. The Chives detached from the Pointal.

6. Stamen unum, audlum. 6. A Chive, magnified.

7- Piftillum, lente audtum. 7- The Pointal, magnified.


LIBRARY
NEW YORK
botanical
oarokn

£T1
ERICA fordida.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. • SPECIFIC CHARACTER.


Erica, antheris muticis, exfertis; corollis pilo- Heath, with beardlefs tips, without the blof-
fis, curvis, fordide-luteis; floribus terminalibus, loms, which are hairy, curved, and of a dirty
feffilibus; folia quaterna, linearia, pilis longis yellow; flowers terminate the branches, fitting
tedta. clofe to the Item; leaves grow by fours, linear,
and covered with long hairs.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, eredtus, apice' pilofus; Stem ffirubby, upright, hairy at the top;
rami fparfi, eredti; ramuli frequentiffimi, piloli. branches fcattered, upright; fmaller branches
numerous, and hairy.

Folia quaterna, linearia, pilofa, obtufa; pe- Leaves grow by fours, linear, haiiy and
tiolis breviffimis. blunt; with very fliort foot-ftalks.

Flores feffiles in omnibus ramulorum api- Flowers fit clofe upon the ends of the fmaller
cibus, folitarii, bini, vel terni; pedunculi bre- branches, growing folitary, or by twos, or threes ;
viffimi, bradteis tribus, adpreffis, inftrudti. the foot-ftalks are very ffiort, having three floral
leaves prefled clofe to the cup.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, the leaf¬


foliis fimilibus, adpreffis. lets like the other leaves, and prefled to the
bloflom.
3

Corolla tubulofa-clavata, curvata, pollica- Blossom tubularly club-ffiaped, curved, an


ria, fordide-lutea, pilofa; oris laciniis recurvatis. inch long, of a dirty yellow colour and hairy;
the fegments of the mouth rolled back.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria, apice Chives. Eight hair-like threads, curved in¬
incurvata. Antheras muticae, exfertae. wards at the points. Tips beardlefs, and with¬
out the bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen ovatum, fulcatum. Sty¬ Pointal. Seed-bud egg-ffiaped, and fur¬
lus filiformis, exfertus. Stigma tetragonum. rowed. Shaft thread-ffiaped and without the
bloflom. Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menli Augufti, in Decembrem. Flowers from the month of Auguft, till De¬
cember.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Folium, audum. 1. A leaf, magnified.

2. Calyx, et Corolla. 2. The Empalement, and Bloflom.

3. Calyx, audus. 3. The Empalement, magnified.

4. Stamen et Piftillum, anthera una, auda. 4. The Chives and Pointal, a tip magnified.

5. Stigma, audum. 5. The Summit, magnified.


\
LIBRARY
MEW YORK
BOTANICAL
QAR&3N
I
ERICA fpicata.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris ariftatis, inclufis; floribus plu- Heath, with bearded tips, within the bloffoms;
ribus, denfe fpicatis, fubterminalibus; foliis fub- which are numerous, on a clofe fpike, nearly ter¬
fenis. minating the branches; leaves growing moftly by
fixes.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, pedalis, erdtus, ramis plu- Stem fhrubby, growing a foot hjgh, upright,
ribus, confertis, adfcendentibus. with numerous, crowded, undivided, and amend¬
ing branches.

Folia fubfena, linearia, mucronata, patentia, Leaves growing moftly by fixes, fharp-pointed,
glaberrima, fubtus fulcata, petiolis breviffimis, fpreading, and fmooth, channelled underneath,
cauli adprelfis. and preffed to the ftem by fhort foot-fialks.
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Flores plures, fubterminales ardte ftipati, in Flowers numerous, growing nearly at the
fpicam duram; ima parte luteoli, fumma vire- end of branches, in hard clofe-fet fpikes; the
fcens. lower part of a light yellow, the extremity of a
light green.

Calyx. Perianthium perfiftens, duplex; exte- Empalement. Cup permanent, double; the
rius polyphyllum, foliolis lanceolatis, inasqualibus; outer many-leaved, unequal, and fpear-fhaped; the
interius tetraphyllum, flavefcens, foliolis aduncis, inner four-leaved, which are yellow, crooked, and
fpathulatis, fumma inflata, callofa, acuminata, fpatula-fhaped; their upper part hard, inflated,
connivente. fharp-pointed, and tending to each other.

Corolla teretiufcula, bail attenuata, ore ob- Blossom fomewhat cylindrical, with a tapered
tufo, quadrifido, aequali, connivente. bafe; the mouth blunt, and divided into a four-
cleft, equal border, whofe fegments tend to each
other.

Stamina. Filamenta o6to, capillaria, corollas Chives. Eight hair-like threads, nearly of a
fubaequalia, receptaculo inferta. Antherae ariftatae, length with the bloffom, fixed into the recep¬
inclufae. tacle. Tips bearded, and within the bloffom.

Pistillum. Germen fubrotundum. Stylus Pointal. Seed-veffel roundifh. Shaft tliread-

filiformis, ftaminibus longior. Stigma tetrago- fhaped, and longer than the threads. Summit

num. four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a Novembri in Aprilem. In bloom from November till April.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement with the Bloffom.

2. Calyx et Bractea lente audita. 2.The Empalement and Floral-leaves magnified.

3. Stamina et Piftillum, 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo didudta, anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal, one
lente aucta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus et Stigma lerite aucta. ! 5. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
*
LIBRARY
NEW YORK
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ERICA spuria.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, inclusis; stylo exserto ; Heath, with beardless tips, within the blossom
corollis sub-cylindricis, dilute purpureis; laciniis shaft without; blossoms nearly cylindrical, of a
revolutis; floribus terminalibus, sub-quaternis; light purple; segments of the border rolled back;
foliis quaternis, sub-ciliatis. flowers terminate the smaller branches, mostly by
fours ; leaves grow by fours, a little hairy at the
edges.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticosus, pedalis, ramosus; ramuli Stem shrubby, grows a foot high, and branch¬
numerosi, sub-erecti. ing ; the small branches are numerous, and
nearly upright.

Folia quaterna, lineafia, sub-ciliata, subtus Leaves grow by fours, are linear, a little hairy,
sulcata ; petiolis brevissimis, adpressis. furrowed beneath ; with very short foot-stalks
pressed to the branches.

Flores in apicibus ramulorum sessiles, sub- Flowers grow at the end of the small branches,
quaterni ; pedunculi brevissimi, bracteis tribus generally by fours, and sitting close upon them ;
minutis instructi. footstalks very short, having three very small
floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup of four leaves, which


subulatis, carinatis, adpressis. are awl-shaped, keeled, and pressed to the blos¬
som.

Corolla sub-cylindrica, pollicaris, dilute Blossom nearly cylindrical, an inch long,


purpurea; laciniis sub-ovatis, acutis, revolutis ; and of a light purple; segments of the border
ore parum arctato. nearly egg-shaped, sharp-pointed, and rolled
back ; the mouth a little narrowed.

Stamina. Filamenta octo capillaria, corolla Chives. Eight hair-like threads, shorter than
breviora; antherae muticie, inclusas. the blossom; tips beardless, and within the
blossom.

Pistillum. Germen ovatum, sulcatum. Stylus Pointal. Seed-bud egg-shaped and fur¬
filiformis, exsertus. Stigma tetragonum. rowed. Shaft thread-shaped, and without the
• blossom. Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Borne Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense Aprili in Augustum. Flowers from the month of April till August.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement and Blossom.

2. Calyx lente auctus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina et Pistillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Pistillo diducta; anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente aucta. tip magnified.
5. Stylus et Stigma, lente aucta. 5. The Shaft and Summit, magnified.

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LIBRARY
NEW YORK
5SOTANJCAL
QAR&3&S

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ERICA taxifolia
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CHARACTER SPECIFIC US. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica antheris muticis, inclulis; floribus fpi- Heath with beardlefs tips, within the bloffom;
cato-umbellatis, terminalibus; corolla ventricofa, the flowers terminate the branches in umbels,
ore ardlata, calyce colorato, fere te&a, limbo pa- forming a fpike ; bloffom fwelled at the bafe,
tente; foliis rigidis, ternis, trigonis, mucronatis, pinched in at the top, and almoft covered by a
fexfariam imbricatis. coloured cup, with the border fpreading; leaves
grow by threes, harfh, three-ftded, fharp-pointed,
and tiled in fix divifions round the ftem.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, eredtus, ramoliffimus; ra¬ Stem flrrubby, upright, very branching; the
mi et ramuli patento-eredli, valde cicatrifati. larger and fmaller branches grow fpreading, and
upright, and are very much notched.

Folia terna, trigona, glabra, linearia, rigida, Leaves grow by threes, three-flded, fmooth,
mucronata, fexfariam imbricata; petiolis brevif- linear, harfh, fharp-pointed, and tiled in fix
fimis, adpreffis. divifions; with very fhort foot-ftalks, prefled to
the branches.

Flores in apicibus ramulorum umbellati, Flowers grow at the ends of the fmall
numerofi, eredi; pedunculi colorati, longitudine branches in umbels, numerous and upright; foot-
corollarum ; bradeag duae fupra medium pedun¬ ftalks coloured, the length of the blofloms; two
culi, tertia vero ad bafin. floral leaves upon the middle of the foot-ftalk,
and the third at its bafe.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, leaflets egg-


ovatis, mucronatis, concavis, membranaceis, co- fhaped, pointed, concave, fkinny, and coloured,
loratis, longitudine fere corollas. nearly the length of the bloflom.

Corolla ventricofa, ore ardata, carnea; la- Blossom fwelled at the bafe, narrowed at the
ciniis patentibus, mucronatis, femi ovatis. mouth, and flefh coloured; fegments fpreading,
pointed, and half egg-fhaped.

Stamina. Filamenta odo, capillaria, curvata. Chives. Threads eight, hair-like, and curved.
Antheras muticae, inclufas, flavae. Tips beardlefs, within the bloflom, and yellow.

Pistillum. Germen fubrotundum, fulcatum. Point al. Seed-bud roundifh, and furrowed.
Stylus inclufus, filiformis. Stigma peltato-tetra- Shaft within the bloflom, and thread-fhaped.
gonum. Summit between fhield and four-cornered.

Plabitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menli Augufti, in Novembrem. Flowers from Auguft till November.

EE FERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloflom.

2. Calyx, lente audus. 2. The Empalement, magnified.

3. Corolla. 3. The Bloflom.


4. Stamina, et Piftillum. 4. The Chives, and Pointal.

5. Stamina a Piftillo diduda, anthera una 5. The Chives detached from the Pointal,
lente auda. one Tip magnified.
6. Piftillum, audum. 6. The Pointal, magnified.

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ERICA tubiflora.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, fub-exfertis, fioribus Heath, with beardlefs tips, within the bloflom;
fub-folitariis, feflilibus, terminalibus; corollis cla- flowers grow moftly fingly at the end of the
vato-cylindricis, curvatis, pubefcentibus; foliis branches; blofloms between club and cylindar-
quaternis, tenuibus, ciliatis. fhaped, curved and downy; leaves grow by
fours, thin and fringed with hairs.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis flexibilis, eredlus, fupeme tomen- Stem flexible, upright, and downy at the
tofus; rami fparfi, filiformes, frequentes, villofi; upper part; branches fcattered, thread lhaped,
ramuli frequentiflimi breviffimi. numerous and hairy, the fmaller branches are
very numerous and very fhort.

Folia quaterna, tenuia, obtufa, ciliata, fub- Leaves grow by fours, are thin, blunt, fringed
tus fulcata. with hair at the edges, and furrowed beneath.

Flores fefliles, in ramulis terminales, fub- Flowers lit clofe upon the ends of the fmall
folitarii, patenti, racemum quail formantes lon- branches, moftly folitary, and fpreading, appear¬
gum. ing like a long bunch.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four leaves, leaflets fpa-
fpathulatis, ciliatis, pedunculis fere nullis, brac- tula-fhape and fringed, with fcarce any foot-
teis tribus adpreflis. ftalks; three floral leaves prefled to the bloflom.

Corolla clavata, curvata, villofa, carnea Blossom club-fhaped, curved, hairy and flelh-
oris laciniis acutis, reflexis. coloured; the fegments of the border pointed,
and reflexed.

Stamina. Filamenta 06I0 capillaria. An¬ Chives. Eight hair-like threads. Tips beard¬
ther® muticae, fub-exfertae. lefs, and juft without the bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen pedicillatum, fub-glo- Pointal. Seed-bud growing on a foot-ftalk


bofum, profunde fulcatum. Stylus filiformis, nearly globular, and deeply furrowed. Shaft
apice curvatus, exfertus. Stigma obfolete te¬ thread-ftiaped, curved at the end, and without
tragon um. the bloflom. Summit obfcurely four- cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.


\

Floret a menli Aprili, in Julium. Flowers from April, till July.

REFERENTI A. REFERENCE.

1. Folium, audlum. 1. A Leaf, magnified.

2. Calyx. 2. The Empalement.

3. Calyx, auctus. 3. The Empalement, magnified.


I '

4. Corolla. 4. The Bloflom.

5. Stamina, et Piftillum, anthera una lente 5. The Chives, and Pointal, one tip mag¬
au<?la. nified.
6. Piftillum. 6. The Pointal.

7. Piftillum, audlum. 7- The Pointal, magnified.


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ERICA ventricofa*

CHARACTER SPDCIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

JliRicAj antheris ball bicornibus inclufis; corollis Heath, with tips two-horned at their bafe, in¬
oblongo-ovatis, ventricofis, glabris; foliis quater- cluded within blolToms of an oblong-ovate form,
nis ciliatis. inflated and fmooth; leaves ciliate, growing by
■v

fours.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, femipedalis, teres, crafliuf- The Stem fhrubby, about half a foot high,
culus, ramofiflimus, ramis recurvato-adfcenden- cylindrical, thickifh, very much branched, the
tibus. branches bend downward, then afcend.

Folia quatema, linearia, acuta, ball recurvata, Leaves growing by fours, linear, pointed with
apice adfcendentia, ciliata, fupra plana, fubtus re- a recurved bafe, and an afcending point, ciliate,
voluta, nitlda, petiolis brevifftmis adpreffis. flat on their upper, and rolled back on their un¬
der, furface, fhining, the leaf-hems very fhort,
and preffed to the branches.

Flores terminales, plures, faftigiati, eredti; Flowers terminal, numerous, upright, level,
pedunculi purpurei, ball inftructa bradteis binis, and in bunches; the foothalks purple, having two
parvis, oppofitis. v fmall oppofite floral leaves at their bafe.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, eredl, keel-


eredtis, carinatis, ciliatis. fhaped, and ciliate.

Corolla oblongo-ovata, apice ardfata, limbo Blossom of an oblong-ovate form, narrowed


aequali, qnadrilobo, fubreflexo, albo-purpurafcens, toward the top, with a flightly reflexed border,
glabra, nitida. of a whitifh purple, fmooth, and fhining.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria, corollae Chives. Eight hair-like threads, nearly of a
fubaequalia, receptaculo inferta. Anthers inclufas, length with the bloffom, fixed into the receptacle.
parvae, bifidae, bail bicornes. Tips within the bloffom fmall, cleft, and two¬
horned at their bafe.

Pistillum. Germen, oblongum, fulcatum. Pointal. Seed-vefTel oblong and furrowed.


Stylus filiformis, filamentis asqualis ; ftigma fub- Shaft thread-fhaped, of an equal length with the
tetragonum. threads. Summit nearly four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mfinli Aprili ad Septembrem. In bloom from April till September.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement with the Bloffom.

2. Calyx, et Bradtea lente audta. 2. The Empalement and Floral-leaf magnified.

3. Stamina, et Piftillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo didudla; anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal, one
lente audta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus, et Stigma, lente audta. 5. The Shaft, and its Summit magnified.
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ERICA verticillata.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris ariflatis, inclulis; corollis pol- Heath, with bearded tips, within the blofl'oms,
licaribus, cernuis, ventricofo-cylindracis, faturate which are an inch long, hanging downward, of
rubris, pedunculis longifdmis; foliis quaternis. the fhape of an inflated cylinder, deep red, and
very long foot-dalks; leaves growing by fours.

DESCRIPT IO. DESCRIPTION.


Caulis eredtus, bipedalis, bad fimpliciffimus, Stem upright, grows two feet high, Ample at
rami verticillati, fubdmplices, ereclo-patentes. the bottom, the branches growing in whorls,
nearly Ample, upright, and fpreading.

Folia quaterna, glabra, lineari, acuta, fubtus Leaves grow by fours, fmooth, linear, fharp-
fulcata, redta. pointed, furrowed on the under part, and grow¬
ing draight out from the dem.

Flores in apicibus ramorum verticillati, nu- Flowers grow in whorls, at the upper part of
tantes, conferti; pedunculi longiffimi, bradteis the branches, hanging downward, and clofe to¬
tribus ad balin indrudli. gether, with long foot-dalks, that have three
floral leaves jud at their bafe.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


lato-ovatis, acuminatis, apice dilute rubris, bad of a broad-oval fhape, fharp-pointed, the upper
viridis. part of a light red, the bottom of a green colour.

Corolla ventricofo-cylindrica, pollicaris, ad Blossom is of a fwelled-cylindrical fhape, an


badn-tetragona, profunde codata; ore ardtata, inch long, four-cornered at the bafe, and deeply
tenuiflime laciniata; faturate rubentia. ribbed; the mouth is narrowed, and very flightly
cut; of a'deep red colour.

Stamina. Filamenta odto capillaria antheraa Chives. Eight hair-like threads; the tips are
ariflatae, inclufae. bearded, and within the bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen globofum, fulcatum. Pointal. Seed-veflel round, and furrowed.


Stylus dliformis longitudine corolla. Stigma te- Shaft thread-fhaped, the length of the bloflom.
tragonum. Summit four-cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonas Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mend Julii, in Novembrem. Flowers from July, till November.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloflom.

rL. Calyx, lente auctus. 2. The Empalement, magnided.

3. Stamina, et Pidillum. 3. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Pidillo didudta, anthera una 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente audta. tip magnided.
i
5. Stylus, et Stigma, lente audta. 5. The Shaft, and its Summit, magnided.
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ERICA verficolor.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, fubinclufis; ftylo ex- Heath with beardlefs tips, juft within the blol-
ferto; corollis fubcylindraceis, coftatis, varie co- fom, the pointal without; the bloftoms are nearly
loratis; foliis ternis. cylindrical, ribbed, and varioufly coloured; leaves
grow by threes.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, bipedalis, erectus, attenua- Stem fhrubby, grows two feet high, eredt, ta¬
tusinapicem; ramis fimplicibus. pering to the top; the branches are nearly fimple.

Folia terna, linearia, fubulata, fupra plana, Leaves grow by threes, linear, awl-fhaped,
fubtus fulcata, glabra, faturate viridia; petiolis flat on the upper, and furrowed on the under
breviflimis, adpreflis. furface, fmooth, and of a deep green; with very
fhort foot-ftalks prefled to the branches.

Flores plures, fubcernui, tres quatuorve ra-


The Flowers are numerous, bending a little
muli terminantes prope caulis fummitatem; pe-
downward, terminating the fmall branches by
dunculi brevifiimi. threes or fours, near the top of the ftem; the
foot-ftalks being very fhort.

Calyx. Perianthium duplex, interim tetra-


Empalement. The Cup is double, the inner
phyllum, foliolis aurantiis, apice fulcatis,.adpref¬
is four-leaved, which are orange-coloured, fur¬
fis; exterius triphyllum, priori brevior, apice rowed at the point, and prefled to the bloflom;
virefcens. the outer is three-leaved, fhorter than the inner,
and greenifh at the point.

Corolla fubcylindracea, medio paulula arc- The Blossom is nearly cylindrical, a little nar-
tata, coftata, ima parte aurantia, apice virefcens; lowed at the middle, ribbed, the lower part orange
laciniis reflexis. colour, the mouth greenifh, whofe fegments are
reflexed.

Stamina. Filamenta o£to, ima parte fpathu- Chives. Eight threads, whole lower parts are
lata, fumma linearia, receptaculo inferta. An- fpatula-fhaped, and upper linear, fixed into the
therse muticas, fubinclufae. receptacle. Tips beardlefs, and almoft within the
bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen orbiculatum, fulcatum. Pointal. Seed-veflel globe-fhaped, and fur¬


Stylus filiformis, exfertus. Stigma tetragonum, rowed. Shaft thread-fhaped, and without the
virefcens. bloflom. Summit four-cornered and greenifh.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menfe Odtobris, in Aprilem. Flowers from October, till April.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. The Empalement, and Bloflom.

2. Calyx lente audtus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina et Piftillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piftillo didudla; et ftamen unum 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
lente audtum. tip with its thread, magnified.

5. Stylus, et Stigma, lente au<5ta. 5. The Shaft, and its Summit, magnified.
LIBRARY
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botanical
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ERICA vestita alba

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, sub-inclusis; folia sena, Heath, with beardless tips, just within the blos¬
tremulenta, linearia, conferta, attenuata in petiolos soms ; leaves grow by sixes, are tremulous, linear,
capillares j floribus clavatis, albidis. and crowded together, tapering into hair-like foot¬
stalks ; the flowers are club-shaped, and white.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis tripedalis, laxus, erectus, basi simpli- Stem grows three feet high, loose and upright,
cissimus, ramis simplicibus adscendentibus. simple at the base, with simple ascending branches.

Folia sena, conferta, glabra, linearia, tremu¬ Leaves grow by sixes, crowded together,
lenta, subtus sulcata, attenuata in petiolos capillares smooth, linear, tremulous, furrowed underneath,
semiunguiculares. and tapering into hair-like foot-stalks a quarter of
an inch in length.

Flores in ramulis verticillati, erecto-patentes j Flowers grow in whorls upon the smaller
pedunculis brevibus bracteis tribus instructis. branches, upright, and spreading; with short foot¬
stalks having three floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


subulatis, adpressis, glabris, viscosis. awl-shaped, pressed to the blossom, smooth, and
clammy.

Corolla clavata, pollicaris, alba, pubescens; Blossom club-shaped, an inch long, white and
oris laciniis patentibus. downy, the segments of the mouth are spread
outward.

Stamina. Filamenta octo capillaria; antherae Chives. Eight hair-like threads, tips beardless,
muticas, subinclusae. and just within the blossom.

Pistillum. Germen turbinatum, summum pilis Pointal. Seed-vessel turban-shaped, the top
longis coronatum. Stylus filiformis, exsertus. being crowned with long hairs. Shaft thread¬
Stigma tetragonum. shaped, and without the blossom. Summit four-
cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonee Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a mense Julii in Decembrem. Flowers from July till December.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement and Blossom.

2. Calyx lente auctus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina et Pistillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Pistillo diducta; anthera una lente 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one
aucta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus et Stigma lente aucti. 5. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
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ERICA veftita purpurea.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, fubexfertis; foliis fe- Heath, with beardlefs tips, almott without the
nis, linearibus, tremulentibus, attenuata in pe- bloffom; leaves grow by fixes, linear, tremulous,
tiolos capillares, femiunguiculares; floribus ax- and tapering into hair-like foot-ftalks a quarter
illaribus, clavatis, purpureis. of an inch long; the flowei's grow from the bafe
of the leaves, are club-fhaped, and purple.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, bipedalis, ercctus, ball fim- Stem fhrubby, grows two feet high, and up¬
pliciflimus, dein verticillatim ramofus, ramis iim- right, limple at the bafe, then branching out from
plicibus, adfcendentibus. a whorl into limple afcending branches.

Folia fena, linearia, tremulanta, acuta, gla¬ Leaves grow by fixes, are linear, tremulous,
bra, fubtus leviter fulcata, attenuata in petiolos fharp-pointed, fmooth, lightly furrowed on the
capillares, femiunguiculares. under part, and tapering into hair-like leaf-flems
a quarter of an inch in length.

Flores in ramulis mediis vertieillati, redti; Flowers are in whorls about the middle of
pedunculis brevibus, bradteis tribus inftrudtis. the branches, ftraight out, having fhort foot-
ftalks with three floral leaves.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are


lanciolatis, ball ferratis, viridis, glabris. lance-fhaped, fawed at the bafe, green, and fmooth.

Corolla clavata, pollicaria, obtufa, recta, Blossom club-fhaped, an inch long, blunt,
purpurea, ore ardtato, limbo quadrifido, re- ftraight, and purple, compreffed at the mouth,

flexo. with a four-lobed, reflexed border.

Stamina. Filamenta odto, capillaria, recep- Chives. Eight hair-like threads fixed into

taculo inferta. Antherae muticae, fubexfertae. the receptacle. Tips beardlefs, and nearly of a
length with the bloffom.

Pistillum. Germen turbinatum, apice, pi- Pointal. Seed-veffel turban-fhaped, the top

lis longis, plumofis, odtofarium coronatum. Sty¬ crowned by eight plumes of long hairs. Shaft

lus filiformis, exfertus. Stigma tetragonum. thread-fhaped, and without the bloffom. Sum¬
mit four-cornered.
\

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei. Native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Floret a menli Julii in Januarium. Flowers from July till January.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Folium unum cum petiolo. 1. A leaf with its foot-flalk.

2. Calyx et Corolla. 2. The Empalement and Bloffom.

3. Calyx lente audlus. 3. The Empalement magnified.

4. Stamina et Piftillum, 4. The Chives and Pointal.


i
5. Stamina a Piflillo didudta; anthera una 5. The Chives detached from the Pointal; one

lente audta. tip magnified.

6. Stylus et Stigma lente audta. 6. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
librae
WEVV YORK
BOTANICAL
qxrobn
ERIGA vestita coccinea.

CHARACTER, SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, sub-exsertis ; foliis senis, Heath, with beardless tips just without the blos¬

tremulis, linearibus, attenuatis in petiolos capil- som ; the leaves grow by sixes, are tremulous,

lares; corollis clavatis, pollicaribus, coccineis. linear, and taper into hair-like foot-stalks ; the blos¬

soms are club-shaped, an inch long, and deep

scarlet.

DESCRIPT IO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis erectus, sesquipedalis, parum ramosus, Stem upright, grows a foot and a half high,
ramulis simplicibus, foliis tectis. branching but little; the smaller branches are sim¬

ple, and covered with leaves.

Folia sena, linearia, tremula, glabra, subtus Leaves grow by sixes, are linear, tremulous,
sulcata, attenuata in petiolos capillares semiungui- smooth, furrowed underneath, and tapering into
culares. hair-like foot-stalks half an inch long.

Flores in ramulis mediis conferti, numerosi, Flowers are clustered together about the mid¬
erecto-patentes, pedunculis brevibus, bracteis tri¬ dle of the branches, are numerous, spreading up¬
bus linearibus adpressis. wards, having short foot-stalks, with three linear

floral leaves pressed to the cup.

Calyx. Perianthium tetraphyllum, foliolis su- Empalement. Cup four-leaved, which are
bulatis adpressis glabris. awl-shaped, pressed to the blossom, and smooth.

Corolla clavata, pollicaris, coccinea, oris laci- Blossom club-shaped, an inch long, and of a
niis revolutis. deep scarlet colour ; the segments of the mouth

are rolled back.

Stamina. Filamenta octo capillaria, recepta- Chives. Eight hair-like threads, fixed into
culo inserta; antheris muticis, sub-exsertis. the receptacle; tips beardless, and just without
the blossom.

Pistillum. Germen turbinatum, sulcatum. Pointal. Seed-vessel turban-shaped, and fur¬


Stylus filiformis. Stigma tetragonum. rowed. Shaft thread-shaped. Summit four-
cornered.

Flabitat ad Caput Bonce Spaci. Native of the Cape of Good Flope.

Floret a mense Augusto in Novembrem. Flowers from August till November.

RE FERE NT I A. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx et Corolla. 1. The Empalement and Blossom.

2. Calyx lente auctus. 2. The Empalement magnified.

3. Stamina et Pistillum. 3. The Chives and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Pistillo diducta; anthera una lente 4. The Chives detached from the Pointal ; one
aucta. tip magnified.

5. Stylus et Stigma lente aucti. 5. The Shaft and its Summit magnified.
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BOTANICAL

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ERICA vifcaria.

CHARACTER SPECIFICUS. SPECIFIC CHARACTER.

Erica, antheris muticis, inclufis; corollis cam- Heath, with beardlefs tips, within the bloffoms,
panulatis, vifcolis; floribus axillaribus, fpicatis; which are bell-lhaped, and clammy; the flowers
calycibus foliaceis, duplicatis; foliis quatemis, grow from the foot-ftalks of the leaves clofe to
linearibus, glabris. the branches forming clofe fpikes; the cups are
like the leaves of the plant, and are double; the
leaves grow by fours, are linear and fmooth.

DESCRIPTIO. DESCRIPTION.

Caulis fruticofus, bipedalis, ere&us; rami et Stem fhrubby, grows two feet high, and up¬
ramuli fimplices, longi, laxi, fuperne vifcofi. right; the larger and fmaller branches are limple,
long, loofe and clammy at the ends.

Folia quaterna, linearia, acuta, glabra, juniora Leaves grow by fours, are linear, pointed,
in apicibus ramulis vifcofa; petiolis adpreffis. and fmooth, the younger ones are clammy at the
ends of the branches; foot-ftalks preffed to the
llem.

Flores fpicati in medio ramulorum, patentes, Flowers grow in fpikes about the middle of
axillares; pedunculi breviffimi. the branches, fpreading out, and growing from
the foot-ftalks of the leaves; the foot-ftalks very
lhort.

Calyx. Perianthium duplex; foliolis rudi- Empalement. Cup double; the leaves un¬
bus, vifcolis, adpreffis, marginibus glandulofis. equal, clammy and prefled to the bloflom, with
fmall glands on their margins.

Corolla campanulata, valde mucofa, purpu- Blossom bell fhaped, very clammy, purple,
rafcens, femiquadrifida; laciniis reflexis. half way cleft into four, the fegments bent back.

Stamina. Filamenta o6to linearia. Antheras Chives. Eight linear threads. Tips beardlefs
muticae, inclufae. and within the-bloflom.

Pistillum. Germen globofum. Stylus in- Pointal. Seed-bud globular. Shaft within
clufus, filiformis. Stigma tetragonum. the bloflom and thread-fhaped. Summit four-
cornered.

Habitat ad Caput Bonae Spei.


Native of the Cape of Good Hope.
Floret a menli Aprili, in Julium. Flowers from April, till July.

REFERENTIA. REFERENCE.

1. Calyx, et Corolla. 1. ' The Empalement and Bloflom.

2. Calyx, auctus. 2. The Empalement, magnified.

3. Corolla. 3. The Bloflom.

4. Stamina, et Piftillum. 4. The Chives, and Pointal.

4. Stamina a Piltillo didudla. 5. The Chives detached from the Pointal.

6. Stamen unum, au<5tum. 6. A Chive, magnified.

7. Stylus, et Stigma, lente audta. 7. The Shaft and Summit, magnified.


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