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Heat normally flowing from a high temperature body to a low temperature body wherein it

is impossible to convert heat without other effects is called the

Select one:
a. zeroth law of thermodynamics
b. second law of thermodynamics
c. first law of thermodynamics
d. third law of thermodynamics
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The correct answer is: second law of thermodynamics

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When a system deviates infinitesimally from equilibrium at every instant of its state, it is
undergoing:

Select one:
a. isobaric process
b. cyclic process
c. isometric process
d. quasi-static process
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The correct answer is: quasi-static process

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Number of molecules in a mole of any substance is a constant called:

Select one:
a. Avogadro's number
b. Rankine cycle
c. Otto cycle
d. Thompson constant
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The correct answer is: Avogadro's number

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The specific gravity of a substance is the ratio of its density to the density of:

Select one:
a. gas
b. water
c. mercury
d. air
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The correct answer is: water

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A pressure of 1 millibar is equivalent to:

Select one:
a. 1000 kg/cm2
b. 1000 psi
c. 1000 dynes/cm2
d. 1000 cm of Hg
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The correct answer is: 1000 dynes/cm2

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In a P-T diagram of pure substance, the curve separating the solid phase from the liquid
phase is:

Select one:
a. boiling point
b. sublimation point
c. fusion curve
d. vaporization curve
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The correct answer is: fusion curve

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Is one whose pressure is higher than the saturation pressure corresponding to its
temperature:

Select one:
a. saturated liquid
b. compressed gas
c. saturated vapor
d. compressed liquid
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The correct answer is: compressed liquid

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What is the process that has no heat transfer?

Select one:
a. isothermal
b. polytropic
c. adiabatic
d. reversible
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The correct answer is: adiabatic

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Mechanical energy of pressure transformed into energy of heat:

Select one:
a. heat of compression
b. kinetic energy
c. heat exchanger
d. enthalpy
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The correct answer is: enthalpy

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Gas being heated at constant volume is undergoing the process of:

Select one:
a. isometric
b. isobaric
c. adiabatic
d. isotropic
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The correct answer is: isometric

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What is the most efficient thermodynamics cycle?


Select one:
a. brayton
b. carnot
c. rankine
d. diesel
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The correct answer is: carnot

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Weight per unit volume is termed as

Select one:
a. specific gravity
b. density
c. specific gravity
d. weight density
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The correct answer is: weight density

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Assuming real process, the net entropy change in the universe is:

Select one:
a. negative
b. positive
c. equal to zero
d. must be calculated
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The correct answer is: positive

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Is one whose temperature is below the saturation temperature corresponding to its


pressure:

Select one:
a. condensation
b. constant volume process
c. subcooled liquid
d. compression
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The correct answer is: subcooled liquid

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When a substance is gaseous state is below the critical temperature it is called:

Select one:
a. Vapor
b. moisture
c. cloud
d. steam
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The correct answer is: Vapor

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What is the force which tends to draw a body toward the center about which it is rotating?

Select one:
a. centrifugal in motion
b. centripetal force
c. centrifugal force
d. centrifugal advance
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The correct answer is: centripetal force

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If the pressure of the confined gas is constant, the volume is directly proportional to the
absolute temperature:

Select one:
a. Charles
b. Joule
c. Kelvin
d. Boyle
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The correct answer is: Charles

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What is referred by volume control?

Select one:
a. an isolated system
b. closed system
c. reversible process only
d. fixed region in space
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The correct answer is: fixed region in space

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Is the condition of pressure and temperature at which a liquid and its vapor are
indistinguishable:

Select one:
a. dew point
b. relative humidity
c. critical point
d. absolute humidity
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The correct answer is: critical point

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The work done in an adiabatic process in a system:

Select one:
a. is equal to the change in total energy in a closed system
b. is equal to the change in total energy of closed system plus net heat transfer
c. is equal to the change in total energy of closed system plus entropy change
d. is equal to the net heat transfer plus the entropy change
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The correct answer is: is equal to the change in total energy of closed system plus net heat
transfer

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The latent heat of vaporization in joules per kg is equal to:

Select one:
a. 4.13 x 103
b. 5.40 x 102
c. 22.6 x 105
d. 3.35 x 105
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The correct answer is: 22.6 x 105

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How do you treat a statement that is considered a scientific law?

Select one:
a. Accept as a summary a/experimental observation
b. We postulate to be true
c. We generally observed to be true
d. Believe to be derived from mathematical theorem
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The correct answer is: Accept as a summary a/experimental observation

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The ratio of the density of a substance to the density of some standard substance is called:

Select one:
a. specific gravity
b. relative density
c. relative gravity
d. specific density
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The correct answer is: specific gravity

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Form of energy associated with the kinetic energy of the random motion of large number of
molecules:

Select one:
a. kinetic energy
b. heat
c. heat of fusion
d. internal energy
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The correct answer is: heat

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Enthalpy of an ideal gas is a function only of:

Select one:
a. pressure
b. temperature
c. entropy
d. internal energy
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The correct answer is: temperature

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A system with paddle wheel work is irreversible, therefore, the change in its entropy:

Select one:
a. is zero
b. greater than zero
c. maybe negative
d. maybe positive, negative or zero
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The correct answer is: greater than zero

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What equation applies in the first law of thermodynamics for an ideal gas in a reversible
open steady-state system?

Select one:
a. Q – VdP = H2 – H1
b. Q+VdP = H2 – H1
c. Q – PdV = H2 – H1
d. Q – W = U2 – U1
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The correct answer is: Q – PdV = H2 – H1

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Work done per unit charge when charge is moved from one point to another:

Select one:
a. potential at a point
b. equipotential surface
c. potential difference
d. electrostatic unit
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The correct answer is: potential at a point

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The changing of solid directly to vapor, without passing through the liquid state is called:

Select one:
a. sublimation
b. evaporation
c. condensation
d. vaporization
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The correct answer is: sublimation

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An instrument commonly used in most Research and Engineering Laboratories because it is


small and fast among the other thermometers:

Select one:
a. thermocouple
b. mercury thermometer
c. gas thermometer
d. liquid-in-gas thermometer
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The correct answer is: thermocouple

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What do you call the weight of the column of air above the earth's surface?

Select one:
a. wind pressure
b. atmospheric pressure
c. air pressure
d. aerostatic pressure
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The correct answer is: atmospheric pressure

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An ideal gas is compressed isothermally. The enthalpy change is:

Select one:
a. indeterminate
b. sometimes positive
c. sometimes negative
d. zero
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The correct answer is: zero

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The sum of the energies of all molecules in a system, energies appear in several complex
forms, is the:

Select one:
a. thermal energy
b. kinetic energy
c. internal energy
d. potential energy
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The correct answer is: internal energy

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What is the force required to accelerate a mass of 1 gram at a rate of 1 cm/sec/sec?

Select one:
a. dyne
b. slug
c. poundal
d. kg force
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The correct answer is: dyne

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The temperature of the fluid flowing under pressure through a pipe is usually measured by:

Select one:
a. glass thermometer
b. electric-resistance thermometer
c. thermocouple
d. all of the above
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The correct answer is: all of the above

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S.I. unit of force:

Select one:
a. dyne
b. pounds
c. Newton
d. kilograms
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The correct answer is: Newton

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What condition exists in an adiabatic throttling process?

Select one:
a. specific volume is constant
b. enthalpy is constant
c. enthalpy is variable
d. entropy is constant
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The correct answer is: enthalpy is constant

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The temperature at which its vapor pressure is equal to the pressure exerted on the liquid

Select one:
a. boiling point
b. thermal energy
c. calorimeter
d. absolute humidity
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The correct answer is: boiling point

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If the temperature is held constant and the pressure is increased beyond the saturation
pressure, we have a:

Select one:
a. subcooled liquid
b. saturated liquid
c. saturated vapor
d. compressed liquid
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The correct answer is: compressed liquid

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Based on the first law of thermodynamics, which of the following is wrong?

Select one:
a. the heat transfer cannot exceed the work done
b. the net heat transfer equals the net work of the cycle
c. the net heat transfer equals the energy change if no work is done
d. the heat transfer equals the work plus the energy change
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The correct answer is: the heat transfer cannot exceed the work done

1 watt is:

Select one:
a. 1 Nm/mt
b. 1 Nm/s
c. 1 Nm/hr
d. 1 kNm/hr
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The correct answer is: 1 Nm/s

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Which of the process where work done is zero?

Select one:
a. isentropic
b. isobaric
c. isometric
d. polytropic
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The correct answer is: isometric

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Brayton cycle has:

Select one:
a. Two isothermals, constant volume and a constant pressure process
b. Two isentropics and two constant volume processes
c. One constant pressure, one constant volume, two adiabatic processes
d. Two isentropics and two constant pressure processes
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The correct answer is: Two isentropics and two constant pressure processes

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The work done by a force of R newtons moving in a distance of L meters Is converta entirely
into kinetic energy is expressed by the equation:

Select one:
a. RL = RLN-m
b. RL = 1/2 MV2
c. RL = 2MV2
d. RL = 1/2 MV
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The correct answer is: RL = 1/2 MV2

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The entropy of a substance at a temperature of absolute zero is

Select one:
a. unity
b. infinity
c. 100
d. zero
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The correct answer is: zero

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What is the critical temperature where water & vapor are in equilibrium to the atmospheric
pressure.

Select one:
a. ice point
b. critical point
c. freezing point
d. steam point
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The correct answer is: steam point

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In the flow process, neglecting KE and PE changes,  v dP represents:

Select one:
a. enthalpy change
b. heat transfer
c. flow energy
d. shaft work
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The correct answer is: shaft work

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In the polytropic process we have PVn = constant, if the value of n is infinitely large, the
process is called:

Select one:
a. Constant pressure process
b. Constant temperature process
c. Constant volume process
d. Isothermal process
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The correct answer is: Constant volume process

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The theory of changing heat into mechanical work:

Select one:
a. thermodynamics
b. inertia
c. horsepower
d. kinematics
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The correct answer is: thermodynamics

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A liquid whose temperature is lower than the saturation temperature corresponding to the
existing pressure.

Select one:
a. compressed liquid
b. pure liquid
c. subcooled liquid
d. saturated liquid
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The correct answer is: subcooled liquid

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How do you describe a non-flow process where in the volume remains constant?

Select one:
a. isobaric
b. isometric
c. isentropic
d. isenthalpic
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The correct answer is: isometric

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The amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of one Ib of that substance one degree
Fahrenheit is:

Select one:
a. Specific heat
b. Btu
c. latent heat
d. relative heat
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The correct answer is: Btu

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What should be the temperature of both the water and steam whenever they are present
together?

Select one:
a. superheated temperature
b. boiling point of water at 101.325 kPa
c. saturation temperature for the existing pressure
d. one hundred degree centigrade
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The correct answer is: saturation temperature for the existing pressure

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The absolute zero in Celcius scale:

Select one:
a. -273
b. 100
c. 273
d. 0
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The correct answer is: -273

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Mathematically, a thermodynamic property is which of the following?

Select one:
a. a path function
b. a point function
c. discontinuous
d. exact differential
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The correct answer is: a point function

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Superheated vapour behaves

Select one:
a. Just as ordinary vapour
b. Just as steam
c. Just as gas
d. Approximately as a gas
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The correct answer is: Approximately as a gas

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The change in enthalpy for small temperature change ΔT for an ideal gas is given by he
relation:

Select one:
a. ΔH = Cp/ΔT
b. ΔH = CvΔT
c. ΔH = CpΔT
d. ΔH = Cp/CvΔT
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The correct answer is: ΔH = CpΔT

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McLeod gauge used for low pressure measurement operates on the principle of:

Select one:
a. Gas law
b. Charle's law
c. Pascal's law
d. Boyle's law
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The correct answer is: Boyle's law

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A Sterling cycle has:

Select one:
a. Two isothermal and two adiabatic processes
b. Two adiabatic and two isentropic processes
c. Two isothermal and two constant volume processes
d. Two adiabatic and two constant pressure processes
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The correct answer is: Two isothermal and two constant volume processes

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(u + pv) is a quantity called:

Select one:
a. internal energy
b. enthalpy
c. flow energy
d. shaft work
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The correct answer is: enthalpy

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If the exhaust lowered or the boiler temperature is raised the moisture content of steam:

Select one:
a. liquifies
b. vaporizes
c. increase
d. decreased
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The correct answer is: increase

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One Joule of work is done by a force of one Newton acting through a distance of:

Select one:
a. one meter
b. one cm
c. one inch
d. afoot
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The correct answer is: one meter

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The increase in enthalpy of a substance when it undergoes some phase change at constant
pressure and temperature

Select one:
a. heat of crystallization
b. heat of fusion
c. heat of transformation
d. heat of vaporization
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The correct answer is: heat of vaporization

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The instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure is:

Select one:
a. venturi
b. manometer
c. barometer
d. rotameter
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The correct answer is: barometer

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What is the gage used to measure 0.001 to 1 atm pressure?

Select one:
a. Bourdon
b. Metallic diaphragm
c. Water manometer
d. Mercury manometer
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The correct answer is: Mercury manometer

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When a substance in gaseous state is below its critical temperature it is called:

Select one:
a. steam
b. vapor
c. moisture
d. cloud
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The correct answer is: vapor

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The process in which the heat energy is transferred to a thermal storage device. It is known
as:

Select one:
a. adiabatic
b. regenerator
c. intercooling
d. isentropic
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The correct answer is: regenerator

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An adiabatic process with no work done is:

Select one:
a. isobaric
b. polytropic
c. throttling
d. isometric
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The correct answer is: throttling

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A thermodynamic system which undergoes a cyclic process during a positive amount of


work done by the system:

Select one:
a. heat engine
b. heat pump
c. reversible-irreversible process
d. reversed rankine cycle
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The correct answer is: heat engine

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A temperature above which a given gas cannot be liquified:

Select one:
a. absolute temperature
b. cryogenic temperature
c. vaporization temperature
d. critical temperature
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The correct answer is: critical temperature

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What occurs in a reversible polytropic process?

Select one:
a. some heat transfer occurs
b. internal energy does not change
c. Entropy remains constant
d. enthalpy remains constant
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The correct answer is: some heat transfer occurs

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Which of the following provides the basis for measuring thermodynamic property of
temperature?

Select one:
a. Zeroth law of thermodynamics
b. Second law of thermodynamics
c. First law of thermodynamics
d. Third law of thermodynamics
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The correct answer is: Zeroth law of thermodynamics

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A manometer is an instrument that is used to measure:

Select one:
a. air pressure
b. heat radiation
c. condensate water level
d. air volume
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The correct answer is: air pressure

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Cp = Cv + R applies to:

Select one:
a. enthalpy
b. ideal gases
c. all pure substances
d. two phase states
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The correct answer is: ideal gases

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Ericson cycle has:

Select one:
a. Two adiabatic, constant volume and constant pressure processes
b. Two isothermals and two constant pressures processes
c. Two isothermals and two constant volumes processes
d. Two isothermals and two isentropics processes
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The correct answer is: Two isothermals and two constant pressures processes

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If the value of n is definitely large in a polytropic PVn = C, then the process is called
constant:

Select one:
a. Volume process
b. Pressure process
c. Temperature process
d. Enthalpy process
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The correct answer is: Volume process

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The law that states entropy of all perfect crystalline solids is zero at absolute zero
temperature.

Select one:
a. Second Law of Thermodynamics
b. Newton Law
c. First Law of Thermodynamics
d. Third Law of Thermodynamics
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The correct answer is: Third Law of Thermodynamics

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Specific heat capacity is an SI derived unit described as:

Select one:
a. J/m3
b. J/kg
c. J/kg K
d. W/m°K
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The correct answer is: J/kg K

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A heat exchange process where in the product of pressure and volume remains constant
called:

Select one:
a. Hyperbolic Process
b. Throttling process
c. Heat exchange process
d. Isentropic process
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The correct answer is: Hyperbolic Process

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If an initial volume of an ideal gas is compressed to one-half its original volume and to twice
its original temperature, the pressure

Select one:
a. halves
b. quadruples
c. remains constant
d. doubles
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The correct answer is: quadruples

Average boiling temperature of liquid water is:

Select one:
a. 212 degK
b. 100 deg C
c. 273 degC
d. 32 deg F
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The correct answer is: 100 deg C

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A device which converts heat energy directly to electrical energy:

Select one:
a. Fuel Cell
b. Magneto
c. Turbine
d. Thermoionic converter
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The correct answer is: Thermoionic converter

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The extension and compression of a helical spring is an example of:

Select one:
a. Isothermal cycle
b. Thermodynamic process
c. Reversible process
d. Adiabatic process
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The correct answer is: Reversible process

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One Newton-meter per second is an Sl derivation unit known as:

Select one:
a. joule
b. kilojoule
c. watt
d. pascal
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The correct answer is: watt

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When changes in kinetic energy of a compress gas are negligible or insignificant, the work
input to an adiabatic compressor is

Select one:
a. equal zero
b. infinity
c. negligible
d. equal to change in enthalpy
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The correct answer is: equal to change in enthalpy

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The Beattie-Bridgeman equation of state is quite accurate in cases of:

Select one:
a. Near critical temperature
b. All pressures above atmospheric pressure
c. Densities less than about 0.8 times the critical density
d. None of the above
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The correct answer is: Densities less than about 0.8 times the critical density

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Which of the following gas can be measured the lowest temperatures?

Select one:
a. Oxygen
b. Nitrogen
c. Hydrogen
d. Helium
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The correct answer is: Helium

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Under ideal conditions, isothermal, isobaric, isochoric and adiabatic processes are:

Select one:
a. Dynamic processes
b. Stable processes
c. Static processes
d. Quasi-static processes
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The correct answer is: Quasi-static processes

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Heat absorbed by a liquid in changing it to gas.

Select one:
a. heat of fusion
b. calorie
c. heat.of condensation
d. heat of vaporization
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The correct answer is: heat of vaporization

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In a gas, which flow into an expansion control and without doing any work. This process is
called:

Select one:
a. condensing
b. throttling
c. knocking
d. priming
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The correct answer is: throttling

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Exhaust gases from an engine possess:

Select one:
a. Solar energy
b. Chemical energy
c. Stored energy
d. Kinetic energy
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The correct answer is: Kinetic energy

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The triple point of a substance is the temperature and pressure at which:

Select one:
a. The liquid and gaseous phases are in equilibrium
b. The solid, liquid and the gaseous phases are in equilibrium
c. The solid and liquid phases are in equilibrium
d. The solid does not melt, the liquid does not boil and the gas does not condense.
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The correct answer is: The solid does not melt, the liquid does not boil and the gas does not
condense.

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One N-m is equal to one

Select one:
a. watt
b. Joule
c. Btu
d. Calorie
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The correct answer is: Joule

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At steam point, the temperatures of water and its vapor at standard pressure are

Select one:
a. zero
b. in its maximum
c. unity
d. in equilibrium
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The correct answer is: in equilibrium

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What does the area under the curve on a temp. entropy diagram indicates?

Select one:
a. heat
b. volume
c. work
d. entropy
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The correct answer is: heat

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At critical point the latent enthalpy of vaporization is:

Select one:
a. Maximum
b. Zero
c. Minimum
d. Only depends on temperature
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The correct answer is: Zero

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At 101.325 kPa, the boiling point of water is 100°C. If the pressure is decreased, the boiling
temperature will

Select one:
a. increase
b. decrease
c. greater than
d. remain the same
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The correct answer is: decrease

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In a two phase system, 30% moisture means:

Select one:
a. 70% liquid and 30% vapor
b. 70% liquid and 30% steam
c. 70% vapor and 30% liquid
d. 70% vapor and 30% steam
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The correct answer is: 70% vapor and 30% liquid

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The latent heat of vaporization decreases as the pressure and temperature of the liquid
increases, at the critical point the heat of vaporization _____.

Select one:
a. becomes zero
b. decreases
c. increases
d. constant
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The correct answer is: becomes zero

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In a closed vessel, when vaporization takes place, the temperature rises. Due to the rising
temperature, the pressure increases until an equilibrium is established between the.
temperature and pressure. The temperature of equilibrium is called

Select one:
a. dew point
b. ice point
c. superheated temperature
d. boiling point
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The correct answer is: superheated temperature

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A fluid flowing in a reversible adiabatic deceleration to zero velocity will reach a state of:

Select one:
a. isentropic stagnation
b. isentropic expansion
c. adiabatic irreversibility
d. isentropic compression
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The correct answer is: isentropic stagnation

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What is the pressure above zero?

Select one:
a. absolute pressure
b. atmospheric pressure
c. gage pressure
d. vacuum pressure
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The correct answer is: gage pressure

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Isentropic flow is:

Select one:
a. Reversible adiabatic flow
b. Ideal fluid flow
c. Perfect gas flow
d. Irreversible adiabatic flow
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The correct answer is: Reversible adiabatic flow

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What is the area of the diagram from the relation of temperature and entropy plane ?

Select one:
a. entropy
b. work
c. heat
d. energy
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The correct answer is: heat

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Select the cycle that consists of two isothermal and constant volume processes?

Select one:
a. Ericsson cycle
b. Joule cycle
c. Diesel cycle
d. Otto cycle
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The correct answer is: Ericsson cycle

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If E is the efficiency and if K is the maximum kinetic energy attained, what is the actual
kinetic energy?

Select one:
a. K+E
b. KE
c. K / E
d. E / K
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The correct answer is: KE

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The heat required to change a substance from solid to liquid state without change the
temperature is latent heat of:

Select one:
a. evaporization
b. fusion
c. vaporization
d. condensation
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The correct answer is: fusion

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In the absence of any irreversibilities, a thermoelectric generator, a device that incorporates


both thermal and electric effects,will have the efficiency of a

Select one:
a. Diesel cycle
b. Rankine cycle
c. Thermoionic converter
d. Carnot cycle
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The correct answer is: Thermoionic converter

Question 29
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A Bell-Coleman cycle is a reversed:

Select one:
a. Stirling cycle
b. Carnot cycle
c. Joule cycle
d. Brayton cycle
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The correct answer is: Joule cycle

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The first law of thermodynamics states about:

Select one:
a. conservation of mass
b. conservation of energy
c. conservation of velocity
d. conservation of enthalpy
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The correct answer is: conservation of energy

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Heat added to warm 1 g of water to 1°C.

Select one:
a. Celsius
b. Joule
c. calorie
d. 1°C
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The correct answer is: calorie

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Thermodynamic process following the law PVn = constant:

Select one:
a. isobaric
b. adiabatic
c. isentropic
d. polytropic
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The correct answer is: polytropic

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For steam nozzle, which of the following ratios will have the values less than unity?

Select one:
a. Specific volume at inlet/Specific volume outlet
b. Pressure at inlet/Pressure at outlet
c. None of the above.
d. Temperature of steam at inlet/Temperature of steam at outlet
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The correct answer is: Specific volume at inlet/Specific volume outlet

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"It is impossible to construct a heat engine that operates in a cycle and receives a given
quantity of heat from a high temperature body and does equal amount of work." The above
statement is known as:

Select one:
a. Gay Lussac law
b. Joule-thomson law
c. Kelvin-planck law
d. Kinetic theory
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The correct answer is: Kelvin-planck law

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In thermodynamics cycle, a process which represented by an equation PV to the n is


constant, if n =0.

Select one:
a. adiabatic process
b. isobaric process
c. volume is constant
d. isentropic process
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The correct answer is: isobaric process

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Which is not correct for calculating air-standard efficiency?

Select one:
a. No account of the mechanism of heat transfer is considered
b. All processes are reversible
c. Specific heat remains unchanged at all temperatures
d. Gases dissociate at higher temperatures.
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The correct answer is: Gases dissociate at higher temperatures.

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Which of the following relations is not applicable in a free expansion process?

Select one:
a. Heat rejected = zero
b. Change in temperature = zero
c. Heat supplied = zero
d. Work done. = zero
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The correct answer is: Change in temperature = zero

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According to Pettlier Thomson effect:

Select one:
a. Heat can be converted into work
b. Work can't be converted into heat.
c. none of the above
d. all of the above
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The correct answer is: Work can't be converted into heat.

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The RMS velocity of hydrogen gas at N.T.P. is approximately:

Select one:
a. 4839 m/s
b. 1839 m/s
c. 3838 m/s
d. 839 m/s
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The correct answer is: 1839 m/s

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In thermodynamic law, PV raised to n is constant:

Select one:
a. isobaric
b. isentropic
c. adiabatic
d. polytropic
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The correct answer is: polytropic

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