Anda di halaman 1dari 1

Meaning: Psychopathy until 1980 used for a personality disorder characterized by an abnormal lack

of empathy combined with strongly amoral conduct but masked by an ability to appear outwardly normal.
Psychopaths have a specific emotional deficit, and are limited to a very narrow range of emotions. They know the
difference between what society considers “right” and “wrong,” but do not experience, and cannot empathize with, the
feelings of suffering, remorse, elation and love that are part of being human. Without that “little internal voice” we call
conscience, psychopaths feel free to do whatever their needs and wants dictate, and their transgressions do not
result in feelings of guilt.

Characteristics: The prototypical psychopath has deficits or deviances in several

areas: interpersonal relationships, emotion, and self-control. Psychopaths gain satisfaction
through antisocial behavior, and do not experience shame, guilt, or remorse for their actions.
Psychopaths lack a sense of guilt or remorse for any harm they may have caused others,
instead rationalizing the behavior, blaming someone else, or denying it outright. Psychopaths also lack
empathy towards others in general, resulting in tactlessness, insensitivity, and contemptuousness. All of
this belies their tendency to make a good, likable first impression. Psychopaths have a superficial
charm about them, enabled by a willingness to say anything without concern for accuracy or truth.
Shallow affect also describes the psychopath's tendency for genuine emotion to be short lived
and egocentric with an overall cold demeanor. Their behavior is impulsive and irresponsible, often failing
to keep a job or defaulting on debts. Psychopaths also have a markedly distorted sense of the potential
consequences of their actions, not only for others, but also for themselves. They do not deeply recognize
the risk of being caught, disbelieved or injured as a result of their behavior. Many psychopaths
are superficially charming, and can excellently mimic normal human emotion; some psychopaths can
blend in, undetected, in a variety of surroundings, including corporate environments.

Causes: One twin study suggests that psychopathy has a strong genetic component. The study
demonstrates that children with anti-social behavior can be classified into two groups: those who
were also callous acquired their behavior by genetic influences, and those who were not callous acquired
it from their environment.

Way to solve: On average, about 20% of prison inmates are psychopaths, and psychopaths are
responsible for more than 50% of violent crime. Studies examining the recidivism rate of federal offenders
have revealed that re-offense occurs twice as often in the case of criminal psychopaths, and their violent
recidivism rate is approximately triple that of other offenders. There have been numerous, intensive
programs designed to rehabilitate incarcerated psychopaths, and according to Dr. Hare, no program has
yet proven to be effective. He notes that, in many cases, therapy can even help psychopaths hone their
manipulative skills. His recommendation -- we all should educate ourselves about psychopaths in order to
better recognize and avoid these predators (Black 1999, Hare 1999).
So the best way to protect ourselves from psychopaths are we must to stay away from them and if we find
or meet them don’t get them into a trouble with us.