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6) THE HEART AND CIRCULATION 15) Name of the artery supplying the kidneys.

a) hepatic. b) renal. c) glomerular. d) nephral.

16) Shortened name for the "pacemaker".


1) Hormone which causes the heart to beat faster. a) sap. b) pan. c) sip. d) san.
a) insulin. b) thyroxine. c) glucagon.
d) adrenaline. 17) Name of vessels which allow blood to bypass
capillary networks.
2) Artery taking blood away from the left ventricle. a) gate. b) valve. c) re-route. d) shunt.
a) pulmonary. b) renal. c) carotid. d) aorta.
18) Small rings of muscle which control the path the
3) Vessels which carry blood under pressure. blood takes through the capillary network.
a) arteries. b) ventricles. c) veins. d) capillaries. a) collars. b) occluders. c) sphincters.
d) restricters.
4) The upper chambers of the heart ?
a) mitrals. b) bicuspids. c) atria. d) ventricles. 19) That part of the cardiac cycle in which both the
atrial and ventricular walls are relaxed.
5) The amount of blood pumped out of the left side a) atrial systole. b) ventricular systole.
of the heart per minute is called the ? c) diastole. d) atrioventricular systole.
a) atrial output. b) ventricular output.
c) cardiac output. d) aortic output. 20) Name of the circulation which takes blood
around the body excluding the lungs.
6) Centre in the brain involved in controlling the a) systemic. b) restricted. c) reduced. d) simple.
cardiac output.
a) pituitary. b) cardiovascular. c) hypothalamus. 21) Where would you find the bundle of His ?
d) cerebellum. a) between the atria. b) between the ventricles.
c) at the base of the aorta.
7) Arteries supplying the heart. d) running from the pacemaker.
a) coronary. b) carotid. c) pulmonary.
d) vena cava. 22) Name of the liquid surrounding all the cells of the
body.
8) The type of circulation in which blood visits the a) plasma fluid. b) cellular fluid. c) tissue fluid.
heart twice in one circuit of the body is called ? d) osmotic fluid.
a) mammalian. b) duplex. c) recycled. d) double.
23) Nerve which causes the heart rate to slow down.
9) The thin inner layer lining large blood vessels. a) sympathetic. b) sinoatrial. c) cardiac.
a) epithelium. b) endothelium. c) stratified. d) vagus.
d) ciliated.
24) These ensure one way flow in the circulatory
10) Artery taking blood to the liver. system.
a) aorta. b) hepatic. c) hepatic portal. d) renal. a) atrial contractions. b) ventricular contractions.
c) elastic fibres. d) valves.
11) Name given to the pressure blood is under at the
arteriole end of the capillary network. 25) Enhanced presence of this in the blood causes
a) atmospheric. b) osmotic. c) hydrostatic. the heart to beat faster.
d) balanced. a) glucose. b) adrenaline. c) insulin. d) oxygen.

12) Sound heard when the atrio-ventricular valves


shut when the ventricles contract.
a) lub. b) dub. c) sub. d) lud.

13) Fluid found in the vessels which empty excess


tissue fluid back into the blood in the veins in the
neck.
a) plasma. b) saline. c) lymph. d) isotonic.

14) Cardiac muscle is described as this because it


beats on its own.
a) independent. b) myalgic. c) voluntary.
d) myogenic.