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# Study the following mathematical statements.

𝑥 2 −4
1. f(x)=
𝑥 2 +1
𝑥 2 −4
2. =𝑥+1
𝑥+1
𝑥 2 −4
3. >𝑥+1
𝑥+1

## What are the similarities among the three mathematical statements?

What are their differences?
What are these mathematical statements called?
Rational Function
𝑃(𝑥) 𝑃(𝑥)
A rational function is a function of the form f(x)= or y=𝑄(𝑥), where P(x) and Q(x) are polynomial functions,
𝑄(𝑥)
and Q(x) cannot be equal to zero.

Examples
𝑥 2 +x−2
1. g(x)=
x−3
𝑥 2 +x+2
2. h(x)= 𝑥 2 −1
𝑥+1
3. y=𝑥−2
Rational Equation
A rational equation is the equality of two expressions in which one or more of the terms
are in fractional form.
Examples
2x−5 11
1. =
x−4 𝑥−4
7 5 10𝑥 2 −3
2. + 𝑥−2 =
x+2 𝑥 2 −4

Rational Inequality
A rational inequality is an inequality which contains a rational expression. It also includes one of the
relational signs <, >, ≤, or ≥.
Examples
𝑥+5
1. ≤0
𝑥−2
𝑥−8
2. ≥𝑥−3
𝑥
Determine whether each of the following is a rational function, a rational equation, or a
rational inequality.
4𝑡
1. C(t)=𝑡 2 +2
𝑥+3
2. >5
2−𝑥
3𝑥+1
3. +𝑥 =𝑥−2
2
𝑥+1
4. 𝑓(𝑥) = 2𝑥 2 +5𝑥−3
3
5. = −3
2𝑥
2
6. 5 − 𝑥 ≤ 0

𝑥 2 −4
4. f(x)=𝑥 2 +1
𝑥 2 −4
5. =𝑥+1
𝑥+1
𝑥 2 −4
6. >𝑥+1
𝑥+1

## What are the similarities among the three mathematical statements?

What are their differences?
What are these mathematical statements called?
Rational Function
𝑃(𝑥) 𝑃(𝑥)
A rational function is a function of the form f(x)= or y=𝑄(𝑥), where P(x) and Q(x) are polynomial functions,
𝑄(𝑥)
and Q(x) cannot be equal to zero.

Examples
𝑥 2 +x−2
4. g(x)= x−3
𝑥 2 +x+2
5. h(x)=
𝑥 2 −1
𝑥+1
6. y=𝑥−2
Rational Equation
A rational equation is the equality of two expressions in which one or more of the terms
are in fractional form.
Examples
2x−5 11
3. =
x−4 𝑥−4
7 5 10𝑥 2 −3
4. + 𝑥−2 =
x+2 𝑥 2 −4

Rational Inequality
A rational inequality is an inequality which contains a rational expression. It also includes one of the
relational signs <,>,≤, or ≥.
Examples
𝑥+5
3. ≤0
𝑥−2
𝑥−8
4. ≥𝑥−3
𝑥
Determine whether each of the following is a rational function, a rational equation, or a
rational inequality.
Set A
4𝑡
7. C(t)=𝑡 2 +2
𝑥+3
8. >5
2−𝑥
3𝑥+1
9. +𝑥 =𝑥−2
2
𝑥+1
10. 𝑓(𝑥) = 2𝑥 2 +5𝑥−3
3
11. = −3
2𝑥
2
12. 5−𝑥 ≤0
13.

𝑃(𝑥)
1. It is a rational function since it is written in the form f(x)=
𝑄(𝑥)
2. It is a rational inequality since it involves a relational sign and the expression is in fractional form.
3. It is a rational equation since it is the equality of two expressions in fractional form.

## Try It! Solution

The average cost C(x) can be calculated by finding the sum of the fixed monthly cost and the variable
cost, then dividing the sum by the number of pairs of shoes produced.

## 750 000+1 500𝑥

C(x)=
𝑥

𝑃(𝑥)
4. It is a rational function since it is written in the form f(x)=
𝑄(𝑥)
5. It is a rational inequality since it involves a relational sign and the expression is in fractional form.
6. It is a rational equation since it is the equality of two expressions in fractional form.

## Try It! Solution

The average cost C(x) can be calculated by finding the sum of the fixed monthly cost and the variable
cost, then dividing the sum by the number of pairs of shoes produced.

C(x)=
𝑥