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Please answer the following multiple choice questions:

1. The t-distribution approaches the normal distribution as the number of degrees

of freedom decreases.
A) True
B) False

2. The sampling distribution of sample proportions p′ is approximately distributed

as a Student’s t-distribution.
A) True
B) False

3. The chi-square distribution is used for inferences about the population mean μ
when the standard deviation σ is unknown.
A) True
B) False

4. The chi-square distribution is a skewed distribution whose mean value is n for

degrees of freedom larger than two.
A) True
B) False

5. Independent samples are obtained by using unrelated sets of subjects.

A) True
B) False

6. In dependent sampling, the two data values, one from each set, that come
from the same source are called paired data.
A) True
B) False

7. The z-distribution is used when two dependent means are to be compared.

A) True
B) False

8. The standard normal score is used for all inferences concerning population
A) True
B) False

9. Each F-distribution is identified by two numbers of degrees of freedom, one for

each of the two samples involved.
A) True
B) False
10. The chi-square distribution is used for making inferences about the ratio of
the variances of two populations.
A) True
B) False

11. In a two-tailed test, with n = 20, the computed value of t is found to be t* =

1.85. Assuming the sample is randomly selected from a normal population, then
the p-value is given by:
A) 0.005 < p-value < 0.01.
B) 0.01 < p-value < 0.02.
C) 0.025 < p-value < 0.05.
D) 0.05 < p-value < 0.10.

12. In comparing Student's t-distribution to the standard normal distribution, we

see that Student's t-distribution is:
A) less peaked and thinner at the tails.
B) less peaked and thicker at the tails.
C) more peaked and thinner at the tails.
D) more peaked and thicker at the tails

13. Which of the following would be the hypothesis for testing the claim that the
proportion of students at a large university who smoke is significantly different
from 0.15?
A) H o: p = 1.5(≤), H a: p > 1.5
B) H o: p = 1.5, H a: p ≠ 1.5
C) H o: p > 1.5, H a: p = 1.5
D) H o: p < 1.5, H a: p > 1.5

14. As the binomial parameter p gets larger, then q

A) gets smaller.
B) also gets larger.
C) stays the same.
D) size depends on n.

15. The mean age of 25 randomly selected college seniors was found to be 23.5
years, and the standard deviation of all college seniors was 1.3 years. The
correct symbol for the 1.3 years is which of the following?
A) μ
B) s
C) σ
D) x

16. In a chi-square distribution, the mean is equal to the

A) degrees of freedom.
B) median.
C) mode.
D) standard deviation

17. Which of the following critical values of the chi-square distribution is the
A) χ 2 (20,0.025)
B) χ 2(12,0.95)
C) χ 2(8, 0.005)
D) χ 2 (15,0.90)

18. Studies that involve paired subjects deal with

A) dating service samples.
B) independent samples.
C) dependent samples.
D) None of the above

19. You plan to test the dependent sampling claim: “a particular weight loss
program is effective in weight reduction.” What would be the null hypothesis, if
d=X after −X before?
A) Ho: μd = 0
B) Ho: μd = 0 (≥)
C) Ho: μd ≠ 0
D) Ho: μd = 0 (≤)

20. If two independent samples are used in a hypothesis test concerning the
difference between population means for which the combined degrees of
freedom is 20, which of the following could not be true about the sample sizes n1
and n2?
A) n1=12 and n2=8
B) n1=12 and n2=10
C) n1=13 and n2=9
D) Cannot be determined from the given information

21. To test the null hypothesis that the mean waist size for males under 40 years
equals 34 inches versus the hypothesis that the mean differs from 34, the
following data were collected: 33, 33, 30,
34, 34, 40, 35, 35, 32, 38, 34, 32, 35, 32, 32, 34, 36, 30.

Calculate the t* -value of the test statistic.

22. State the null hypothesis, Ho,and the alternative hypothesis, Ha , that would be
used to test the claim: The standard deviation has increased from its previous
value of 15.
23. A particular candidate claims she has the support of at least 60% of the
voters in her district. A random sample of 150 voters yields 87 who support her.
The candidate wishes to test her claim at the 0.05 level of significance.

24. Compute the value of test statistic.

A random sample of 51 observations was selected from a normally distributed
population. The sample mean was x = 88.6 , and the sample variance was s = 2

38.2. We wish to determine if there is sufficient reason to conclude that the

population standard deviation is not equal to 8 at the 0.05 level of significance.

Calculate the value of the test statistic.

25. Consider testing Ho: μd ≤ 0 vs. Ha: μd = > 0 with n =20 and t∗ =1.95.
Place bounds on the p-value using the table of “critical values of Student’s t-
distribution” available in your textbook

26. Consider the following paired data.

A 5 4 3 4 1
B 2 1 5 4 3

Calculate Σd , Σd , d(bar), and sd .


27. A group of sheep, infested with tapeworms, are randomly divided into two
groups as follows. Each sheep is assigned a number (1 through 20) and then 10
numbers are selected by drawing 10 slips of paper from a box having the
numbers 1 through 20 written on them. The drawing divides the sheep into two
groups. One group is given a placebo and the other is given an experimental
drug. After six weeks the sheep are sacrificed and tapeworm counts are made.
Do these samples represent dependent or independent samples?