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# © 21st Century Math Projects

## Project Title: Oscar Inquiry

Standard Focus: Data Analysis & Probability Time Range: 3-5 Days

## Supplies: Pencil and Paper

Topics of Focus:
- Box and Whisker Plot

## - Stem and Leaf

- Histogram

Benchmarks:
4. Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots,
Statistics and Probability 6.SP
histograms, and box plots.
5c. Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by giving
quantitative measures of center (median and/or mean) and variability
Statistics and Probability (interquartile range and/or mean absolute deviation), as well as describing any
6.SP overall pattern and any striking deviations from the overall pattern with reference
to the context in which the data were gathered.

## 1. Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data

to
Statistics and Probability
investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such
8.SP
as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and
nonlinear association.

## 3. Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of

Statistics and Probability 8.SP
bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept.
4. Understand that patterns of association can also be seen in bivariate
categorical data by displaying frequencies and relative frequencies in a two-way
Statistics and Probability
table. Construct and interpret a two-way table summarizing data on two
8.SP
categorical variables collected from the same subjects.

Interpreting Categorical 1. Represent data with plots on the real number line (dot plots, histograms, and
S-ID
and Quantitative Data box plots).

2. Use statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution to compare center
Interpreting Categorical
S-ID (median, mean) and spread (interquartile range, standard deviation) of two or
and Quantitative Data
more different data sets.

Interpreting Categorical 3. Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data
S-ID
and Quantitative Data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers).

## 5. Summarize categorical data for two categories in two-way frequency tables.

Interpreting Categorical Interpret relative frequencies in the context of the data (including joint,
S-ID
and Quantitative Data marginal, and conditional relative frequencies). Recognize possible associations
and trends in the data.
Procedures:
A.) Student will use Academy Award Winner Data to complete “…And the Oscar Goes to…”.

B.) Student will use Academy Award Winner Data to complete “Red Carpet Analysis”.

C.) Student will use Academy Award Winner Data to complete “Oscar Winner Inquiry”.
Academy Award Winning Actors and Actresses 1990 -2012
Actors
Year Winner Age Movie Domestic Gross MPAA Rating
(in millions)

## 1990 Jeremy Irons 42 Reversal of Fortunes 15 R

1991 Anthony Hopkins 54 Silence of the Lambs 131 R
1992 Al Pacino 52 Scent of a Woman 63 R
1993 Tom Hanks 37 Philadelphia 77 PG-13
1994 Tom Hanks 38 Forrest Gump 330 PG-13
1995 Nicolas Cage 32 Leaving Las Vegas 32 R
1996 Geoffrey Rush 45 Shine 36 PG-13
1997 Jack Nicholson 60 As Good as It Gets 148 PG-13
1998 Roberto Benigni 46 Life is Beautiful 57 PG-13
1999 Kevin Spacey 40 American Beauty 130 R
2000 Russell Crowe 36 Gladiator 188 R
2001 Denzel Washington 47 Training Day 77 R
2002 Adrien Brody 29 The Pianist 33 R
2003 Sean Penn 43 Mystic River 90 R
2004 Jamie Foxx 37 Ray 75 PG-13
2005 Philip Seymour Hoffman 38 Capote 29 R
2006 Forest Whitaker 45 The Last King of Scotland 18 R
2007 Daniel Day-Lewis 50 There Will Be Blood 40 R
2008 Sean Penn 48 Milk 32 R
2009 Jeff Bridges 60 Crazy Heart 39 R
2010 Colin Firth 50 The King’s Speech 139 R
2011 Jean Dujardin 39 The Artist 45 PG-13
2012 Daniel Day Lewis 55 Lincoln 182 PG-13

Actresses
Year Winner Age Movie Domestic Gross MPAA Rating
(in millions)

## 1990 Kathy Bates 42 Misery 61 R

1991 Jodie Foster 29 The Silence of the Lambs 131 R
1992 Emma Thompson 33 Howards End 26 PG
1993 Holly Hunter 36 The Piano 40 R
1994 Jessica Lange 45 Blue Sky 3 PG-13
1995 Susan Sarandon 49 Dead Man Walking 39 R
1996 Frances McDormand 39 Fargo 25 R
1997 Helen Hunt 34 As Good as It Gets 148 PG-13
1998 Gwyneth Paltrow 26 Shakespeare in Love 100 R
1999 Hilary Swank 25 Boys Don’t Cry 12 R
2000 Julia Roberts 33 Erin Brockovich 126 R
2001 Halle Berry 35 Monster’s Ball 31 R
2002 Nicole Kidman 35 The Hours 42 PG-13
2003 Charlize Theron 28 Monster 34 R
2004 Hilary Swank 30 Million Dollar Baby 100 PG-13
2005 Reese Witherspoon 29 Walk the Line 119 PG-13
2006 Helen Mirren 61 The Queen 56 PG-13
2007 Marion Cotillard 32 La Vie en Rose 10 PG-13
2008 Kate Winslet 33 The Reader 34 R
2009 Sandra Bullock 45 The Blind Side 256 PG-13
2010 Natalie Portman 29 Black Swan 107 R
2011 Meryl Streep 62 The Iron Lady 30 PG-13
2012 Jennifer Lawrence 22 Silver Linings Playbook 132 R
…And the Oscar goes to…
Make a parallel box-and-whisker plot by hand of the ages of the Oscar Winning Actors and
Actresses at the time of their award. There should be one box-and-whisker plot for Actors and a
separate one for actresses. Use the box-and-whisker plot to answer the following questions.

1. What is the median of the ages of the Oscar Winning Actors and Actresses at the time of their award?

2. What is the age of the youngest Actor and Actress at the time of their award?

3. What is the age of the oldest Actor and Actress at the time of their award?

## 5. What is the lower quartile age of the winning Actresses?

6. The interquartile is the term used to describe the middle 50%. This is the data between the upper and
lower quartiles. What is the age range of winning Actresses in the interquartile?

7. Is it more likely for an older male or older female to win an Academy Award?

8. Compare and contrast the results of your investigation and draw at least three conclusions.
Red Carpet Analysis
For this exercise, use the data on the ages of Academy Award Winners

Actors
Actresses

## 2. Draw a stem-and-leaf plot for the actors and actresses data.

3. Combining the results of the data of the men and the women, tally the data by age intervals (x-axis).
Determine the number of award winners falling into each group -- these are the frequencies (y-axis).

## Interval 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69

Frequency

4. Construct a histogram by making a bar graph – with no spaces between bars of the frequency for each
interval as categorized in the table above. It is important that the bars are touching.
5. Using the data on the Gross of Academy Award Winners, find the five number summaries, and construct a
parallel box-and-whiskers plot.

6. Split the data into the following groups – these are the Ratings (x-axis).
Determine the number of award winning movies that fall into each group – these are the frequencies (y-axis).

Ratings G PG PG-13 R
Frequency

7. Construct a histogram of the frequency for each rating as categorized in the table above.
Thank you for being my Math Friend!

## If you liked this

st
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Boomdiggy.
…And the Oscar goes to… KEY Name:

Make a parallel box-and-whisker plot by hand of the ages of the Oscar Winning Actors and Actresses at the
time of their award. There should be one box-and-whisker plot for Actors and a separate one for actresses.
Use the box-and-whisker plot to answer the following questions.
Ages
ParallelatBox
time of Oscar
& Whisker ChartAward

Women

Men

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70

1. What is the median of the ages of the Oscar Winning Actors and Actresses at the time of their award?
Actors 45 Actresses 33

2. What is the age of the youngest Actor and Actress at the time of their award?
Actor 29 (Adrien Brody) Actress 22 (Jennifer Lawrence)

3. What is the age of the oldest Actor and Actress at the time of their award?
Actor 60 (Jack Nicholson & Jeff Bridges) Actress 62 (Meryl Streep)

50

## 5. What is the lower quartile age of the winning Actresses?

29

6. The interquartile is the term used to describe the middle 50%. This is the data between the upper and lower
quartiles. What is the age range of winning Actresses in the interquartile?
29 – 40.5

7. Is it more likely for an older male or older female to win an Academy Award?

Male

8. Compare and contrast the results of your investigation and draw at least three conclusions.
Red Carpet Analysis Name:

For this exercise, use the data on the ages of Academy Award Winners

## Gender Mean Median Mode Range

Actors 44.47 45 37,38,45,50, 60 31
Actresses 36.17 33 29, 33 40

## 2. Draw a stem-and-leaf plot for the data.

Actors Actresses

2 9 2 2, 5, 6, 8, 9, 9, 9

3 2, 6, 7, 7, 8, 8, 9 3 0, 2, 3, 3, 3, 4, 5, 5, 6, 9

4 0, 2, 3, 5, 5, 6, 7, 8 4 2, 5, 5, 9

5 0, 0, 2, 4, 5 6 1, 2

6 0, 0

3. Combining the results of the data of the men and the women, tally the data by age intervals (x-axis). Determine
the number of award winners falling into each group -- these are the frequencies (y-axis).

## Interval 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69

Frequency 8 17 12 5 4

4. Construct a histogram by making a bar graph – with no spaces between bars of the frequency for each interval
as categorized in the table above. It is important that the bars are touching.

20

15

10

## 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69

5. Compare the distribution of the data to the normal distribution. How well do they match up?
What are the differences, if any?

## This graphs more closely resembles a skewed right graph.

6. Using the data on the Gross of Academy Award Winners, find the five number summaries, and construct a
parallel box-and-whiskers plot.
Min 3

LQ 32.75

Med 56.5

UQ 120.75
0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Max 330
7. Split the data into the following groups – these are the Ratings (x-axis). Determine the number of award winning
movies that fall into each group – these are the frequencies (y-axis).

Ratings G PG PG-13 R
Frequency 0 1 17 28

8. Construct a histogram of the frequency for each rating as categorized in the table above.

28

21

14

G PG PG-13