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CHAPTER 6

Passive Voice

 Pengertian Passive Voice (Kalimat Pasif)


Passive Voice (Kalimat Pasif) adalah kalimat yang subjeknya dikenai suatu perbuatan atau
aktivitas. Kalau di Bahasa Indonesia, Kalimat pasif biasanya diawali oleh awalan imbuhan ter-
atau di-. Perbedaan Passive Voice pada setiap tenses yaitu pada subjek/objek dan juga pada
kata kerjanya(verb). Untuk subjek dan objek hanya ditukar. Untuk kata kerjanya hanya
ditambahkan to be yang sesuai dengan tensesnya dan kata kerja diubah menjadi verb 3.
 Rumus Kalimat Pasif (Passive Voice) dan Cara Mengubah Kalimat Aktif menjadi Kalimat Pasif
Di dalam Passive Voice, hal yang paling penting diperhatikan adalah rumus dasar dari passive
voice yaitu to be (was, were, is, am, are) + Verb 3 (Kata kerja bentuk ke-3). Tetapi setiap tenses
memiliki bentuk passive voice yang berbeda-beda.
 Simple tenses dibagi menjadi tiga bagian yaitu simple past tense (kejadian masa lampau),
simple present tense (kejadian masa sekarang), dan simple future tense (kejadian masa
depan).
 Langkah- langkah mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi kalimat pasif (Passive Voice) dalam Simple
Present Tense
1. Objek dalam kalimat aktif akan menjadi Subjek dalam kalimat pasif. (Subjek menjadi Objek
dan sebaliknya)
2. Kata kerja pertama (Verb 1) yang biasa kita gunakan pada kalimat dalam bentuk aktif
berubah menjadi to be (am/is/are) + Verb 3 ( Verb 1 menjadi to be ( is, am, are) + Verb 3)
 Langkah- langkah mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi kalimat pasif (Passive Voice) dalam Simple
Past Tense
1. Objek dalam kalimat aktif akan menjadi Subjek dalam kalimat pasif. (Subjek menjadi Objek
dan sebaliknya)
2. Kata kerja kedua (Verb 2) yang biasa kita gunakan pada kalimat dalam bentuk aktif berubah
menjadi to be (was/were) + Verb 3 ( Verb 2 menjadi to be (was, were) + Verb 3)
 Langkah- langkah mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi kalimat pasif (Passive Voice) dalam Simple
Future Tense
1. Objek dalam kalimat aktif akan menjadi Subjek dalam kalimat pasif. (Subjek menjadi Objek
dan sebaliknya)
2. Modal verb (will) dan kata kerja pertama (Verb 1) yang biasa kita gunakan pada kalimat
dalam bentuk aktif, berubah menjadi modal verb (will) kemudian diikuti to be (am/is/are) +
Verb 3 ( Will + Verb 1 menjadi Will + be + Verb 3)
3.
LATIHAN SOAL

1. "Have you been informed about the 2. "The hotel is suffering a great loss."
exact number of victims of the "Yes, only ten perfect of their rooms
airplane crash?" ......
"Yes, ....... to the headquarters of A. being occupied
Garuda." B. occupied
A. they are faxed C. is occupied
B. has faxed D. are occupied
C. the victims fax E. they are occupied
D. it has been faxed 3. “Why aren't you driving your own
E. was fax it car?"
“It ..... “
A. has sold C. was cleaned
B. has to sell D. is cleaning
C. has been selling E. cleans
D. has been sold 10. The play I am reading ....
E. has to be sold A. has never performed
4. "Why can't I find the file on the B. never performed
annual report in the computer?" C. never being performed
"Because it .... in the hard disk." D. has never been performed
A. was not saving E. never performs
B. not saved 11. The headmaster would like the school
C. did not saved yard ...... by every student before
D. not being saved tomorrow.
E. was not saved A. sweep
B. sweeping
5. "There was no longer a rule for the C. have swept
youth to enter millitary service in D. to be swept
Britain. E. already swept
Really, when .... ?"
A. was It abolishing
B. did it abolish 12. The picture is not here anymore
C. was it abolished It must have ... away
D. was it to be abolished A. being taken
E. to be abolished B. took
6. They had just been living in that C. taken
house for two years when ..... by fire. D. been taking
A. destroyed E. been taken
B. had destroyed 13. Komodos ..... to be descended from
C. was destroyed Dinosaurus.
D. be destroyed A. they believe
E. was destroying B. to believe
7. "Bambang looks very happy today." C. believed
"Don't you know he ..... to General D. to be believe
Manager." E. are believe
A. has promoted 14. 'I haven't got the report on the
B. to be promoted seminar held last week’
C. being promoted ’l’m sure it _____ on your desk
D. has to promoted yesterday”Do you often go to
E. has been promoted restaurant?’
8. "Why does the baby next door keep A. put
crying ?" B. being put
"As usual, it .... by the babysitter." C. was putting
A. is neglected D. was put
B. is neglecting E. putting
C. neglect 15. ”I'd like to book three standard rooms
D. is to be neglected for next week, please.”
E. is to neglect ”I'm sorry, Sir, our hotel _____ until
9. Why are the students staying outside the end of the month.”
? A. it is fully booked
Their classroom .... B. we book it fully
A. is being cleaned C. is fully booked
B. being cleaned
D. booking it fully D. to be recording
E. to be fully booked E. was being recorded
16. ”What time will the delayed plane 22. ”Which painting will be exhibited
depart?" tomorrow?” ”We don't know yet,
”They say that it _____ soon." they by a team."
A. will announce A. are still being selected
B. is to announce B. are still selecting
C. to be announced C. still be selected
D. announces D. still selected
E. will be announced E. still selecting
17. ”Last night a thief brake into my 23. Pembahasan:
brother's house." Alasan yang memungkinkan belum
”Really? What _____ from the dlketa. huinya lukisan mana yang akan
house?" dipamerkan adalah lukisan itu sedang
A. he took diseleksi.
B. it was taken Jawaban : A
C. was being taken 24. "I want the red dress displayed in the
D. was taking windows yesterday.”
E. was taken ”I’m sorry, it _____ ."
18. Donny does not mind doing extra A. has been selling
work, but doesn't like _____ . B. has to be sold
A. criticize C. has to sell
B. criticizing D. has sold
C. is criticized E. has been sold
D. be criticized 25. ”Last night someone broke into our
E. to be criticized house."
19. ”A well-known architect is designing “Oh, dear! ____?”
our new office.” A. Did anything take
The passive form of the above B. Had anything taken
sentence is: ”Our new office _____ by C. Anything to be taken
a well-known architect.” D. Anything to take
A. designs E. Was anything being taken
B. designed 26. ”Is Irma still in the training
C. be designing department?"
D. Is designed ”No, she _____ to the Sales
E. is being designed Department ''
20. ”Some workers were loading the A. has transferred
containers into the van. B. being transferred
" The passive form of the above C. has been transferring
sentence is: D. to be transferred
”The containers __ into the van." E. has been transferred
A. were loaded 27. Anita is looking forward to her
B. are loading birthday because she ____ a new
C. be loaded watch.
D. were being loaded A. promised
E. are to loaded B. has been promising
21. I became quite nervous when I knew C. being promised
tha1 my speech ______. D. has been promised
A. was to record E. has promised
B. to be recorded 28. ”What happened to her skirt?”
C. being recorded ”Oh, _ when she jumped over the
fence.” C. sold out
A. it was torn D. be sold out
B. to be torn E. are selling them out
C. it tore 32. There's a very popular TV program.
D. tearing Every week it _____ by millions of
E. be torn people.
29. ”When did the accident happen?” A. watches
”.When the goods _____ from the B. being watched
truck." C. is watched
A. were unloading D. has watched
B. were being unloaded E. to be watched
C. being unloaded 33. ”What should we do with this pile of
D. they were unloading letters?”
E. unloaded ”They _______ ."
30. "Have you delivered the packages to A. should file
the customer?" B. being filed
"Not yet, some _____." C. shou|d be filed
A. are still being wrapped D. be filed
B. have been wrapped E. should be filling
C. will have been wrapped 34. The picture is not here anymore, it
D. would be wrapped must have ______ .
E. were wrapped A. being taken away
31. ”Can we get tickets for the second B. took away
show of Jurassic Park?" C. taken away
”I think they _______ .” D. been taking away
A. are sold out E. being taken
B. are to be sold out