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Term

health wellness emotions risk behavior self-assessment hygiene refusal skills nutrition calories diet anorexia nutrition food groups vitamins nutrients carbohydrates proteins minerals fats fiber saturated unsaturated fats cholesterol glucose nutrient density digestion digestive system saliva stomach small intestine liver pancreas excretory system excretion kidney colon adolescence hormones puberty endocrine system gland pituitary gland reproduction reproductive system sperm egg fertilization semen ovaries uterus

Teen Health Vocabulary List

Definition combination of physical, mental/emotional, & social well-being state of well-being involving behaviors that have a positive result feelings such as love, joy, & fear action or choice that may cause injury or harm to you or others examination & evaluation your own pattern of behaviors cleanliness ways to say no effectively process of taking food and using it for growth & good health units of heat that measure the energy available in foods all the things you regularly eat & drink eating disorder process of taking food and using it for growth & good health dairy/meat, egg, nuts/vegetables/fruits/breads, cereal, pasta substances help regulate the body's function substances in foods that provide nourishment to the body starches & sugars that provides the body with most of its energy nutrients used to repair body cells & tissues substances that strengthen the muscles, bones, & teeth source of energy for the body as well as insulation helps move food and wastes through your system fats found in meats & dairy products liquid fats that come mainly from plant wax like substance used by the body to build cells sugar formed when the body breaks down carbohydrates amount of nutrients in a food relative to the number of calories process by which the body breaks down food series of organs that work together to break down food digestive juice produced by the salivary glands muscular organ that churns and mixes the food tube where most of the digestive process takes place gland that produces bile that helps digest fats produces pancreatic juices that break down PRO, CHO, & FATS system that removes wastes from the body process by which the body gets rid of waste materials pair of organs the filter water & waste materials from the blood a storage tube for solid wastes; large intestine time of life between childhood & adulthood chemical substances which help regulate the way the body functions time when you develop certain physical characteristics adults system the consists of the glands that regulate body functions group of cells or organ that produces chemical substances called the master gland process by which living organisms produce new individuals of their kind organs and structures that make possible the production of offspring male reproductive cell female reproductive cell male sperm cell unites with a female egg cell mixture of sperm and fluids two female reproductive glands that release the egg pear-shaped organ in which a developing child is nourished

Teen Health Vocabulary List

menstruation gynecologist cell tissue organ body system embryo fetus chromosome gene infancy toddler preschooler grief heredity nicotine tar carbon monoxide respiratory system trachea bronchi diaphragm alveoli addiction tolerance withdrawal mainstream smoke passive smoker secondhand smoke sidestream smoke emphysema psychological dependence physiological dependence abstinence promiscuity STD AIDS HIV risk factors alcohol alcoholism

blood alcohol concentration % of alcohol in the blood

the flow of the uterine lining material from the body doctor that specializes in the female reproductive system building block of life groups of similar cells that do a particular job body parts made up of different tissues joined together group of organs working together to carry out a related task name for the organism from fertilization to about the 8th week

name for the developing child from the 9th week until the time of birth threadlike structures that carry the codes for inherited traits basic units of heredity first year of a baby's life a child between the ages 1 and 3 a child between the ages 3 and 5 sorrow caused by the loss of something precious passing on of traits from parents addictive drug found in tobacco a thick, dark liquid that forms when tobacco burns a colorless, odorless, poisonous gas produced when tobacco burns set of organs that supply the body with O2 & rid the body of C02 tube in throat that takes air to & from lungs two tubes that branch from the trachea, one to each lung dome-shaped muscle that draws air in & pushes air out air sacs in the lungs where gases are exchanged physical or psychological need for a drug when the body becomes used to a drug unpleasant symptoms that occur when someone stops using a drug smoke that the smoker exhales nonsmokers who breathe secondhand smoke air that has been contaminated by tobacco smoke smoke coming from the burning tip of the cigarette lung disease which can be caused by smoking addiction in which the mind tells that body it needs more of a drug addiction in which the body itself feels a direct need for drug refusing to participate in unsafe activities indiscriminate in sexual relations sexually transmitted diseases acquired immunodeficiency syndrome human immunodeficiency virus; causes AIDS potentially dangerous factors involved in making a decision a drug found in beer, wine, & whiskey an illness caused by a physical & mental need for alcohol

cirrhosis

scarring and destruction of the liver

drug

nonfood substance taken into the body that can change its function

medicine

a drug used to treat an illness or relieve pain

stimulant

a drug that speeds up the body's function; i.e

Cocaine

depressant

a drug that slows down the body's function; i.e

Alcohol

inhalant

substances whose fumes are breathed in to produce a good sensation

narcotic

a drug that relieves pain

hallucinogen

a drug that distorts moods, thought, and senses; i.e

LSD

anabolic steroids

substance that causes muscle tissue to develop at an abnormal high rate

neuron central nervous system peripheral nervous system brain spinal cord

responsibility self-management consequences assertive habit environment life-threatening life-altering fatal mortality subjective hazard precaution cumulative risks decision making criteria self-esteem long-term goal short-term goal action plan disease communicable disease noncommunicable disease germ infection virus bacteria fungi protozoa immune system lymphatic system lymphocytes antigens antibodies immunity vaccine influenza mononucleosis hepatitis tuberculosis contagious period STD chylamydia gonorrhea genital herpes

Teen Health Vocabulary List

the cells that make up the nervous system system that consists of the brain and spinal cord system that is made up of all the other nerves outside the CNS information center of the nervous system a long bundle of neurons that relays messages to and from the brain

ability to make choices & to accept the results of those choices ability to take care of your health & control your actions the effects or results of actions having determination to stand up for yourself in a firm positive way a pattern of behavior repeated frequently your surroundings may cause death capable of changing a person's day-to-day existence deathly death comes from a person's own views & beliefs potential source of danger an action taken to avoid danger related risks that increase in effect with each added risk the process of making a choice or finding a solution standards on which to base your decisions your confidence in yourself a goal you plan to reach over a length of time a goal that you can reach right away a series of steps for reaching your goal a condition that interferes with the proper functioning of the body or mind disease passed from person to person disease that cannot be spread from one person to another the microorganisms that cause disease when germs get inside the body, multiply, & damage body cells causes a range of diseases that can be prevented with vaccination causes diseases, such as strep throat, that can be treated with antibiotics causes diseases, such as athlete's foot & ringworm causes disease, such as malaria combination of body defenses that fight off germs & disease a secondary circulatory system that fights germs & maintains fluid balance special white blood cells in the lymph substances that send your immune system into action when it's invaded proteins that attach to antigens, keeping them from harming the body your body's ability to resist the germs that cause a particular disease injection of dead or weakened germs so the body can produce antibodies communicable disease characterized by chills, fatigue, headache, etc. disease that is most common in teens; "the kissing disease" disease characterized by yellowing of the skin & the whites of the eyes bacteria-caused disease that affects the lungs length of time when a particular disease can spread from person to person sexually transmitted disease STD that may affect the reproductive organs, urethra, & anus STD that affects the genital mucous membrane & other body parts STD that produces blisters in the genital areas

syphilis AIDS HIV prevention chronic stroke heart attack hypertension atherosclerosis arteriosclerosis angioplasty cancer tumor benign malignant carcinogen radiation therapy chemotherapy allergy allergen pollen histamines antihistamines asthma bronchodilator arthritis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis diabetes insulin Alzheimer's disease

Teen Health Vocabulary List

STD that can affect many body parts; very dangerous disease acquired immunodeficiency syndrome human immunodeficiency virus; cause AIDS keep from happening present continuously or on and off over a long time part of the brain is damaged because the blood supply is cut off blood supply to the heart slows or stops & the heart muscles are damaged high blood pressure condition in which fatty substances build up on the inner lining of arteries hardening of the arteries surgical procedure to clear a blockage of an artery; a balloon is used second leading cause of death in the United States a group of abnormal cells that forms a mass not cancerous cancerous substance in the environment that can cause cancer treatment for cancer that uses X-rays & other forms of radioactivity the use of chemicals to destroy cancer cells an extreme sensitivity to a substance the substances that cause an allergic reaction a powdery substance released by certain plants chemicals in the body that cause the symptoms of an allergic reaction medication that relieves the symptoms of allergic reactions a chronic respiratory disease that causes air passages to become blocked medication that relaxes the muscles around the bronchial air passages a disease of the joints arthritis characterized by pain, inflammation, swelling, & stiffness of joints arthritis in elderly people causing the breakdown of cartilage in the joints a disease that prevents the body from converting food into energy hormone that regulates the level of sugar in the blood illness that attacks the brain & affects thinking, memory, & behavior

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Teen Health Vocabulary List

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Teen Health Vocabulary List