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Lembar Kerja

Lembar Kerja Siswa


Perpindahan Kalor

Nama : 1. ..................................

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1. Berdasarkan data hasil pengamatan, jelaskan perbedaan perpindahan kalor secara konduksi,

konveksi dan radiasi!


Jawab :
Konduksi :
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Konveksi :
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Radiasi :
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2. Faktor-faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi hantaran kalor secara konduksi?


Jawab :
(1) .......................................................
(2) .......................................................
(3) .......................................................
(4) .......................................................

3. Berdasarkan gambar di samping, secara matematis

persamaan untuk hantaran kalor secara konduksi

dapat ditulis sebagai :


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4. Ada 2 (dua) jenis konveksi, yaitu konveksi alamiah dan konveksi paksa. Berikan contoh masing-

masing!
Konveksi alamiah, contohnya :
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Konveksi paksa, contohnya :
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5. Perhatikan gambar berikut!

Jelaskan peristiwa-peristiwa di atas berdasarkan hantaran kalor yang terjadi!


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6. Secara matematis, persamaan hantaran kalor secara konveksi dapat ditulis sebagai:
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7. (a) Mengapa pada siang hari yang terik, kita lebih nyaman memakai baju berwarna putih

daripada baju berwarna hitam?

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(b) Suhu kopi atau teh panas akan bertahan lebih lama dalam suatu cangkir yang permukaan

dalamnya mengkilap daripada dalam cangkir yang permukaan dalamnya gelap. Mengapa

demikian?

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8. Tiga buah balon berukuran sama. Balon (1), (2), dan (3) berturut-turut berwarna abu-abu,

putih, dan hitam. Pada siang hari yang terik ketiga balon di bawa ke lapangan terbuka. Jika

ketiga balon dilepas pada saat yang bersamaan, balon manakah yang akan naik paling cepat?

Jelaskan!
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9. Sebutkan bunyi Hukum Stefan – Boltzmann tentang radiasi kalor!


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10. Berdasarkan Hukum Stefan – Boltzmann, secara matematis persamaan hantaran kalor secara

radiasi dapat ditulis sebagai:


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11. Luas penampang ujung batang aluminium (k = 50 kal/ms oC) adalah 1 cm2. Ujung-ujung batang

bertemperatur 0oC dan 20oC. Jika panjang batang 1 m, tentukan banyaknya kalor yang

merambat tiap sekon pada batang tersebut!


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12. Dua batang logam disambung seperti pada gambar berikut.

Apabila koefisien konduktivitas logam P ½ kali koefisien konduktivitas logam Q, serta AC = 2 CB,

tentukan suhu sambungan kedua logam di C!


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13. Sebatang perunggu pada suhu 127 oC meradiasikan kalor dengan laju 20 J/s. Jika suhunya

dinaikkan menjadi 527oC, tentukan laju radiasi kalor batang perunggu itu sekarang!
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