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Assignment

- Ray optics

Q No. Question
1 How is the focal length of a spherical mirror affected, when the wavelength of the light used
is increased?

2 How is the focal length of a spherical mirror affected, when it is placed inside water?

3 For what angle of incidence, the lateral shift produced by a parallel sided glass plate is
maximum?

4 Out of red and blue lights, for which colour is the refractive index of glass greater?

5 What is the length of telescope in normal adjustment?

6 How does magnifying power of a telescope change on decreasing the aperture of its
objective lens?

7 What is the speed of light in a medium for which critical angle is 30 degree?

8 What is the advantage of using a parabolic concave mirror compared to a convex lens as
objective of a telescope?

9 Why is the focal length of an objective in compound microscope little shorter than the focal
length of the eyepiece?

10 Can a microscope function as a telescope by inverting it? Can a telescope function as a
microscope?

11 Can we increase the range of a telescope by increasing the diameter of its objective?

12 Two telescopes have same magnifying power but the diameters of their aperture are
different. What will be the differences in the final image formed by them?

13 How will you distinguish between a compound microscope and a telescope just by seeing
them?

14 Why are mirrors used in search lights parabolic and not concave spherical?

15 On what factors does (i) magnifying power and (ii) resolving power of a compound
microscope depend?

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16 How will the magnifying power of a refracting type astronomical telescope be affected on
increasing for its eyepiece (i) the focal length and (ii) the aperture? Justify your answer.

17 You are given 3 lenses having powers of P1 = 6D, P2 = 3D and P3 = 12D. Which of the two
lenses do you select as an eyepiece and which as an objective to construct a microscope?
Why?

18 State four factors on which refractive index depends.

19 Why should the focal lengths of both the eyepiece and objective be short in case of a
compound microscope.

20 A double convex lens made of glass of refractive index 1.5 has both radii of curvature of
magnitude 20cm. An object 2cm high is placed at 10cm from the lens.
Find the position, nature and size of the image.

21 A giant refracting telescope at an observatory has an objective lens of focal length 15 m. If an
eye piece lens of focal length 1.0 cm is used. Find the angular magnification of the telescope.
If this telescope is used to view the moon what is the diameter of the image of the moon
formed by the objective lens? The diameter of the moon is 3.42x106 m and the radius of the
lunar orbit is 3.8x106m.

22 Use the mirror equation to show that
a) an object placed between f and 2f of a concave mirror produces a real image beyond the
2f. b) a convex mirror always produces a virtual image independent of the location of the
object. c) an object placed between the pole and the focus of a concave mirror produces a
virtual and enlarged image.
23 A convex lens made up of glass of refractive index 1.5 is dipped in turn in (1) a medium of
refractive index 1.65 (ii) a medium of refractive index 1.33.
a) Will it behave as a converging lens or a diverging lens in two cases? b) How will its focal
length change in two media?

24 A small telescope has an objective lens of focal length 150 cm and eye piece of focal length 5
cm if this telescope is used to view a 100 m high tower 3 km away, find the height of final
image when it is formed 25 cm away from the eye piece.

25 You are given following three lenses. Which two lenses will you use as an eyepiece and as an
objective to construct an astronomical telescope?
Lens Power (P) Aperture (A)
L1 3D 8 cm
L2 6D 1 cm
L3 10D 1 cm

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26 A giant refracting telescope at an observatory has an objective lens of focal length 1.0 cm is
used , what is the angular magnification of the telescope ? if this telescope is used to view
the moon, what is the diameter of the image of the moon formed by this objective lens? The
diameter of the moon is 3.48×106m and radius of the lunar orbit is 3.8×108m

27 Two convex lenses of focal length 20 cm and 1 cm constitute a telescope.
The telescope is focused on a point which is 1 m away from the objective. Calculate the
magnification produced and the length of the tube if the final image is formed at a distance
25 cm from the eyepiece.

28 An astronomical telescope is to be designed to have a magnifying power of 50 in normal
adjustment. If the length of the tube is 102 cm, find the powers of the objective and the
eyepiece.

29 A covex lens of focal length 20cm is placed coaxially with a convex mirror of radius of
curvature 20cm. The two are kept at 15cm apart.
A point object lies 60cm in front of the convex lens.Draw a ray diagram to show the image
formation by combination.Determine the nature and position of the image formed.

30 A convex lens of focal length 10 cm is placed coaxially 5 cm away from a concave lens of focal
length 10 cm. If an object is placed 30 cm in front of convex lens, find the position of final
image formed by the combined system




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