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West Visayas State University

Senior High School


La Paz, Iloilo City

Activity No. 2
How Do Plant and Animal Cells Look Like?
Group 11
Members: Date: September 22, 2017
Gabata, Gwyneth S. Lab Section: STEM2-A
Gabinete, Gaia Grace G.
Jiao, Ernesto A, III
Zapanza, Danica Rose P.

I. OBJECTIVES
1. To examine the parts of a cell.
2. To differentiate plant cells from animal cells.
II. MATERIALS
microscope, slide, coverslip, toothpick, methylene blue stain or iodine solution,
III. PROCEDURE
A. Animal Cell (Human cheek cells)
1.Using a clean toothpick, gently scrape the inside of your cheek.
2. Using a drop of tap water, tease the scrapings collected and add a drop of
methylene blue dye or iodine solution to stain the cheek cell.
3. Place a cover slip on top of the specimen on the slide.
4. Using the low power objective, locate cells that are spread out rather than bunched
up in a big clump.
5. Switch to high power and take a closer look at one of the cells.
6. Observe the nucleus closely and locate the nucleolus within it (try another cell if
necessary).
7. The plasma membrane cannot be seen but it can be assumed to be surrounding the
light blue stained cytoplasm.
B. Plant Cell
1. Peel the outermost epidermal cells of an onion bulb.
2. Mount a small piece of the peeled skin on the slide.
3. Put a drop of the stain and cover with coverslip.
4. Examine under LPO and HPO.
5. Observe the cellular parts that are visible under the microscope.

Questions and Analysis


1. How do your cheek cells look like? How are they arranged?
As observed in the microscope with higher magnification, human cheek cells look
like large irregularly shaped cells with distinct cell walls that spread out from each other.
A distinct nucleus at the central part of each individual cells (dark blue in color) can be
observed. There is also a lightly stained cytoplasm in each cell. Cheek cells are squamous
epithelium; they are arranged like tiles on a floor and are loosely attached to the cells
below them which makes it easy to scrape them off for observation.

2. What cell parts are visible under the microscope that you used?
Using the microscope which uses lenses and light to magnify cell parts, we were
able to view the cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, and the nucleus of the cell. These
cell parts are visible because the stained portions of the cell reduced the amplitude of
light waves of particular wavelengths passing through them. A colored image of the cell
is thereby obtained that is visible under the microscope.

3. How do the plant cells look like? How are they arranged?
The plants cells look like rectangular pores that have a brick-like structure. They are
rectangularly-shaped cells with large sacs storing water and food. Plant cells are
attached to each other by cell walls and the connection is through plasmodesmata. Plant
cells have cell walls, so they are arranged in structured patterns like cubes.

4. What cellular parts are visible under the microscope?


Under the low power and high power objectives of the microscope, the different
parts of the plant cell that were visible are the nucleus, cytoplasm, cell wall, and the
large vacuoles of the plant cell.
5. How do plant cells and animal cells differ?
Plant cells and animal cells have a number of key similarities, but also some noted
differences. Plant cells have fixed rectangular shape while animal cells have round
irregular shape cell structures. Plant cells have cell wall while animal cells don’t. Also,
plant cells have chloroplast which makes their own food while animal cells don’t.

PLANT CELLS ANIMAL CELLS


Have chloroplasts Have no cell walls
Have vacuoles Eats other cells
Can absorb liquids Cannot absorb much liquid because it has no
cellulose
Creates food by photosynthesis Can form a variety of shapes
Has cell wall made of cellulose Have lysosomes
Rectangular Round shaped
Has plastids No plastids
Centrioles present in lower plant forms Has no cell wall
Usually has no lysosomes Has lysosomes

Structurally, plant and animal cells are very similar because they are both eukaryotic
cells. They both contain membrane-bound organelles such as the nucleus, mitochondira,
endoplasmic reticulum, golgi apparatis, lysosomes, and peroxisomes. Both also contain
similar membranes, cytosol, and cytoskeletal elements. The functions of these organelles
are extremely similar between the two classes of cells. However, the few differences that
exist between plant and animals are very significant and reflect a difference in the
functions of each cell.
IV. CONCLUSION
Therefore, only the plant cells will be together in a large group. The animal cells
however, were secluded thus proving the statement wrong. Most of the important
organelles are visible through the microscope. The important organelles that can be seen
are the cell wall (for plant cells), the cell membrane, the nucleus, and the cytoplasm. We
can see these organelles due to the fact that they are the largest organelles in the cell
and also due to the dye which brought them out. Lastly, the overall image will not be
clear enough for further detail because other than the nucleus, the cytoplasm and the
cell membrane/cell wall (for plants only), we cannot see any other organelle; the
microscope simply didn’t have enough magnification to see them. Overall, we have
learned that inion skin cells (plant cells) are rectangular and are always with other plant
cells amnd cheek cells (animal cells) are circular and are secluded from each other, and
that the smaller organelles cannot be seen with just our school microscope.
Plant Cells and Animal Cells Under the Microscope
(Photos From the Activity)

Cheek cells Onion bulb

Algae Violet flower