Anda di halaman 1dari 2

ANALISIS FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN PENYAKIT PARU

OBSTRUKTIF KRONIK PADA PEKERJA TEKNIS PERTAMBANGAN DI


WILAYAH KERJA PT. ANTAM TBK POMALAA KAB. KOLAKA TAHUN
2013
Oleh

TRI ANA PUTRA

ABSTRAK

Penyakit Paru Obstruktif Kronik (PPOK) merupakan penyakit pernapasan yang


timbul secara progresif menampilkan hambatan aliran udara yang disebabkan reaksi
inflamasi pada paru-paru akibat menghirup partikel debu gas sehingga
menyebabkan keterbatasan aliran udara. Gejala sesak napas dapat dilihat dari
penurunan fungsi paru pada pemeriksaan spirometri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk
mengetahui faktor risiko kadar konsentrasi debu lingkungan kerja, kadar sulfur
oksida, kadar nitrogen oksida, riwayat lama bekerja, dan kebiasaan merokok yang
berhubungan dengan kejadian penyakit paru obstruktif kronik di PT Antam Pomalaa
Kabupaten Kolaka Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara.
Penelitian ini adalah studi case control. Penelitian dilakukan di PT Antam pada
bulan Mei- juni Tahun 2013. Sampel terdiri dari 98 kasus dan 98 kontrol yang
diambil secara Simple Random Sampling.
Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa kadar konsentrasi debu merupakan faktor
risiko terjadinya Penyakit paru obstruktif kronik (OR= 2,500, 95 % Cl= (1,385-
4,513), kadar sulfur oksida merupakan faktor risiko penyakit paru obstruktif kronik
(OR= 1,875 95% Cl= (1,053-3,275), kadar nitrogen oksida merupakan faktor risiko
penyakit paru obstruktif kronik (OR= 2,256, 95% Cl= 1,165-4,370), Riwayat lama
bekerja merupakan faktor risiko penyakit paru obstruktif kronik (OR=3,475, 95%
Cl= 1,817-6,646), dan kebiasaan merokok merupakan faktor risiko penyakit paru
obstruktif kronik (OR= 3,022, 95% Cl = 1,680-5,436).
Simpulan, penelitian ini bahwa kadar konsentrasi debu, kadar sulfur oksida, kadar
nitrogen oksida, riwayat lama bekerja dan kebiasaan merokok berhubungan dengan
kejadian penyakit paru obstruktif kronik di PT Antam Pomalaa Tahun 2013.

Kata kunci : Penyakit Paru Obstruktif kronik, Kadar Debu, Riwayat Lama
Bekerja.

iv
ANALYSIS OF RISK FACTORS INCIDENT CHRONIC OBSTRUKTIVE
PULMONARY DISEASE TECHNICAL WORKERS TO WORK IN THE
MINING PT. ANTAM DISTRICT POMALAA TBK. KOLAKA YEAR 2013

By

TRI ANA PUTRA

ABSTRACT

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a respiratory disease which arise


progressively displays the air flow resistance caused inflammatory reaction in the
lungs resulted inhaling dust particles gas thus causing airflow limitation. Dyspneu
can be seen on decreased lung function on spirometry. This study aims to determine
the risk factors of dust concentration levels at working environment, sulfur oxides
concentration levels, nitrogen oxides concentration levels, working duration history,
and smoking habits were associated with the incidence of chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease in Antam Pomalaa Company in Kolaka Regency in Southeast
Sulawesi Province.

The study was an observational analytic study with case control design. This
research was conducted at PT Antam Company in May-June in 2013. The sample in
this study consisted of 98 cases and 98 controls were taken simple random
sampling.

These results indicate dust concentration levels is a risk faktor for chronic
obstructive pulmonary disease (OR= 2,500, 95 % Cl= (1,385-4,513) sulfur oxides
concentration levels is a risk faktor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease OR=
1,875 95% Cl= (1,053-3,275), nitrogen oxide concentration levels is a risk factor for
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR= 2,256, 95% Cl= 1,165-4,370) working
duration history is a risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR =
3.475, 95% CI = 1.817 to 6.646 ), and smoking habits is a risk factor for chronic
obstructive pulmonary disease (OR = 3.022, 95% CI = 1.680 to 5.436).

Based on the results of this study concluded dust concentration levels, sulfur oxides
concentration levels, nitrogen oxides concentration levels, working duration history
and smoking habits associated with the incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease Antam Pomalaa Company in 2013.

Keywords: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Dust Concentration


Level, Working Duration History.