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GELACIO, LATRELL LYNDON E.

BSN 2-A NOV 6, 2019


DENGUE PREVENTION AND CONTROL PROGRAM

Dengue is one of the deadliest and fastest-spreading vector-borne diseases in the world
and it is endemic in 100 countries that include the Philippines. According to the 2012-2016 data,
the five-year average cases of dengue are 185,008 with 732 cases of deaths and it has 0.39 case
fatality rate, in other words, it is alarming especially to WHO because with of that huge number.
It is important to realize that dengue has no treatment BUT the disease can be early managed and
if acquired some interventions like preventing dehydration because of high fever and vomiting.
Dengue virus has four serotypes (DENV1, DENV2, DENV3, and DENV4), the first infection
with one of the four serotypes usually is non-severe or asymptomatic, while the second infection
with one of the other serotypes may cause severe dengue. Moreover, it is transmitted by day-
biting Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquito. It is important to know the different signs
and symptoms of dengue-like high fever, headache, muscle, bone, and joint pain, nausea, and
vomiting, swollen glands, and rashes. If your child manifests high fever and 2 or more of these
signs and symptoms it is important to consult the physician immediately to prevent further
complications.

Due to increasing cases of dengue in the Philippines, DOH created the Dengue
prevention and control program which has the main goal of reducing the burden of dengue
disease and its objective to reduce dengue morbidity by at least 25% by 2022. This program has
6 program components which include surveillance, case management and diagnosis, Integrated
vector management, outbreak response, health promotion, and advocacy and research. This
component helps in the reduction of cases of dengue and also management if there are outbreaks.
This program also included training on vector management and they also have an advertisement
to raise the level of awareness among Filipinos. Furthermore, they conduct research for
innovation like the OL trap system of DOST Region XII. Lastly, they created the 4S’ against
dengue which connotes search and destroy, seek early consultation, self-protection measures, and
say yes to fogging during outbreaks this also raises the awareness of the people especially on
communities or “barrios”.

Generally speaking, all of this program of DOH is for the benefits of all citizens of the
Philippines. It helps people to be aware of how serious this problem is and how to prevent
acquiring this disease. It also promotes early prevention and thorough diagnosis to decrease the
mortality rate due to a lack of knowledge about dengue. Furthermore, they collaborate with the
different departments to formulate ways on how to prevent outbreaks especially in rainy season
Through unity and awareness of one community we can reduce the case of morbidity and
mortality of dengue in our country. It is important to realize that research is very important in
terms of health because it can solve problems of society and innovation for the future
.