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BAB 5: 5.

2: TIGA KEADAAN JIRIM by: areeza


1. Jirim terdiri daripada / Matter consist of
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2. Lengkapkan jadual tentang perbezaan ciri jirim.
Complete the table on the differences between the properties of matter.
PEPEJAL/ SOLID CECAIR/ LIQUID GAS/ GAS
Rajah
Diagram

Susunan zarah
Arrangement of particles

Pergerakan zarah
Movement of particles

Ruang antara zarah


Spaces between particles
Tarikan antara zarah
Attraction between
particles
Bentuk
Shape
Isi padu
Volume
Kebolehmampatan
Compressibility
Ketumpatan
Density
Contoh
Examples

3. Diffussion is a / Resapan adalah


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Menentukan kadar resapan zarah-zarah dalam pepejal dan cecair


To determine the rate of diffusion of particles in a solid and a liquid
States of matter Solid/ Pepejal Liquid/ Cecair Gas / Gas
Diagram

Observation
Pemerhatian
BAB 5: 5.2: TIGA KEADAAN JIRIM by: areeza
Conclusion
Kesimpulan

Questions 1. Kadar resapan dalam keadaan jirim yang manakah lebih rendah? Terangkan mengapa.
Soalan In which state of matter is the rate of diffusion slower? Explain why.
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4. Nyatakan proses yang terlibat dalam perubahan keadaan jirim. Nyatakan sama ada haba diserap (S)
atau terbebas (B) semasa proses itu.
State the processes involved in the changes of state of matter. State whether heat is absorbed (A) or
released (R) during the processes.
Process / Proses Heat/Haba
P:
Q:
R:
S:
T:
U:

5. Berdasarkan teori kinetik, perihalkan perubahan keadaan jirim daripada segi pergerakan zarah-zarah
akibat penyerapan dan pembebasan haba.
Based on the kinetic theory, state the changes of state of matter in the aspect of the movement of particles
resulting from the absorption and release of heat
Berkumpul rapat Menyerap Membebaskan
Gather closer Absorb Release
Sangatperlahan Lebih cepat Berjauhan
Very slowly Faster Further apart
Mendekati/Closer Membebaskan Bergetar
Menyerap/Absorb Release Vibrate

Proses Penerangan
Process Explanation
1 Zarah ________________________ haba dan ________________________ lebih cepat.
Particles ________________________ heat and ________________________ faster.

2 Zarah ________________________ haba dan bergerak ___________________________ dan


__________________________________ .
Particles ________________________ heat, and move ________________________ and ________________________
together
3 Zarah ________________________ haba, bergerak ________________________ dan ________________________ antara
satu dengan yang lain.
Particles ________________________ heat, move ________________________ and ________________________ from one
another
4 Zarah ________________________ haba dan ________________________ antara satu dengan yang lain.
Particles ________________________ heat and move ________________________ to each other.
BAB 5: 5.2: TIGA KEADAAN JIRIM by: areeza
6. Namakan perubahan keadaan jirim yang berlaku dalam kehidupan harian.
Name the changes of state of matter that occur in daily life
Kejadian Perubahan keadaan jirim
Occurrence Change of state of matter
Pemanasan lilin.
Heating of a candle.
Ais kering (pepejal karbon dioksida) bertukar menjadi gas.
Dry ice (solid carbon dioxide) becomes a gas.
Pakaian basah dijemur di bawah matahari.
Wet clothes dry in the Sun.
Awan bertukar kepada air hujan.
Clouds become rainwater.
Air bertukar menjadi ais.
Water becomes ice.
Pembentukan embun pada daun
Formation of dew drops on a leaf
Minyak wangi dalam botol yang tidak bertutup menjadi kering.
Perfume drying up in an open bottle

7. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan pemanasan air di dalam bikar.


The diagram below shows the heating of water in a beaker
Berdasarkan teori kinetik, terangkan apa yang akan berlaku pada zarah-
zarah air setelah air dalam bikar dipanaskan untuk beberapa ketika.
Based on the kinetic theory, explain what will happen to the water
particles after the water in the beaker is heated for a while.

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8. Lengkapkan pernyataan yang berikut. / Complete the following statements.


a) Cecair dan gas boleh mengalir kerana zarah-zarah dalam cecair dan gas
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Liquids and gases have the ability to flow because the particles in liquids and gases
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b) Pepejal mempunyai bentuk dan isi padu yang tetap kerana zarah-zarah dalam pepejal mempunyai
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Solids have a fixed shape and volume because the particles in solids have a
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c) Gas lebih mudah dimampatkan berbanding cecair kerana susunan zarah-zarah dalam gas berjauhan
antara satu dengan yang lain dan ruang antara zarah-zarah dalam gas lebih besar .
Gases can be compressed more easily compared to liquids because the particles in gases are arranged
_________________________________________from each other and the spaces between the particles in gases are
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BAB 5: 5.2: TIGA KEADAAN JIRIM by: areeza