Anda di halaman 1dari 20

LEMBAR KERJA (LAPORAN) PRAKTIKUM

IPA DI SD PDGK4107 MODUL 1


MAKHLUK HIDUP

NAMA : ..................................................

NIM : ..................................................

UPBJJ : ..................................................

A. KEGIATAN PRAKTIKUM CIRI-CIRI PADA MAKHLUK HIDUP ( GERAK PADA TUMBAHAN )


1. Tujuan
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________

2. Alat dan Bahan


_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________

3. Dasar Teori
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________

4. Cara Kerja
a. Seismonasti dan Niktinasti
- Seismonasti
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
_____
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____

- Niktinasti
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
b. Geotropisme
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____

5. Hasil Pengamatan

1) Seismonasti dan Niktinasi


Tabel 1.2.
Hasil Pengamatan seismonasti
Jenis sentuhan pada
No Reaksi daun putri malu Keterangan
daun putri malu
1 Halus
2 Sedang
3 Kasar

Gambar 1.2.
Reaksi daun putri malu
Tabel 1.3.
Hasil Pengamatan Niktinasi
Reaksi daun putri malu
No Pot putri malu
Mula-mula ½ jam kemudian
1 Disimpan di tempat terang
Ditutup dengan penutup yang
2
kedap cahaya

Gambar 1.3.
Reaksi putri malu di tempat terang & kedap cahaya
2) Geotropisme
Tabel 1.4.
Hasil Pengamatan geotropisme negatif
Jenis Pengamatan hari ke
Keterangan
pot 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

B
Gambar 1.4.
Geotropisme negatif

6. Pembahasan
 ___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
 ___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
 ___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
7. Kesimpulan
 ___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
 ___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
 ___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
 ___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
8. Jawaban Pertanyaan
1) __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
______
2) __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
3) __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
______
9. Respirasi pada Makhluk Hidup
a. Hasil pengamatan
1) Respirasi memerlukan uadara (oksigen)

Tabel 1.5.
Hasil pengamatan respirasi memerlukan udara (oksigen)
Respiromete Keadaan air berwarna pada respirometer, 5 menit:
r Pertama Kedua Ketiga Keempat Kelima
A
B
C

Gambar 1.5.
Respirometer sederhana
2) Respirasi menghasilkan karbondioksida

Tabel 1.6.
Hasil pengamatan respirasi menghasilkan karbondioksida
Kondisi akhir
Botol percobaan Kondisi mula-mula
percobaan
A
B
C

Gambar 1.6.
Respirasi menghasilkan CO2
b. Pembahasan
1. __________________________________________________________________________
_
 ________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
 ________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
 ________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
2. __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
_______
 ________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
 ________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
c. Kesimpulan
 ___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
 ___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
d. Jawaban Pertanyaan
1) __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____
2) __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__
a. _______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
b. _______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
c. _______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
3) __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
______
B. KEGIATAN PRAKTIKUM 2 : SIMBIOSIS
1. Simbiosis Parasitisme
a. Hasil pengamatan Tabel 1.7.
Hasil pengamatan simbiosis parasitisme
Pihak yang dirugikan Pihak yang diuntungkan
Jenis Jenis
No Jenis makhluk Jenis
hubungan makhluk Jenis keuntungan
hidup kerugian
parasitisme hidup
1

Gambar 1.7.
Simbiosis Parasitisme

b. Pembahasan
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
c. Kesimpulan
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
d. Jawaban Pertanyaan
1) __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
_____
2) __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
_____
2. Simbiosis Komensalisme
a. Hasil Pengamatan
Tabel 1.8.
Hasil pengamatan simbiosis komensalisme
Pihak yang diuntungkan Jenis makhluk hidup
Jenis hubungan
No
simbiosis Jenis makhluk Jenis yang tidak untung
hidup keuntungan dan tidak rugi

Gambar 1.8.
Simbiosis Komensalisme

b. Pembahasan
 _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
 _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
 _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
 _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
c. Kesimpulan
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
d. Jawaban Pertanyaan
1) __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
3. Simbiosis Mutualisme
a. Pembahasan
Tabel 1.9.
Hasil pengamatan simbiosis komensalisme

Pihak I yang diuntungkan Pihak II yang diuntungkan


Jenis hubungan
No Jenis
simbiosis Jenis makhluk
makhluk Jenis keuntungan Jenis keuntungan
hidup
hidup
1

3
Gambar 1.9.
Simbiosis Mutualisme

b. Pembahasan
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
c. Kesimpulan
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
d. Jawaban Pertanyaan
_____________________________________________________________________________
1) _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
2) _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
C. KEGIATAN PRAKTIKUM 3 : PERTUMBUHAN, PERKEMBANGAN, DAN
PERKEMBANGBIAKAN MAKHLUK HIDUP
1. Pertumbuhan dan perkembangan Tumbuhan
a. Hasil Pengamatan
Tabel 1.10.
Hasil pengamatan pertumbuhan dan perkecambahan biji kacang hijau

Gambar pertumbuhan
Hari Panjang (mm)
kecambah kacang Keterangan
ke
merah Akar Batang
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

Gambar 1.10.
Gerak pertumbuhan kecambah

b. Pembahasan
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
c. Kesimpulan
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
d. Jawaban pertanyaan
1) _______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
2) _______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
2. Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Tumbuhan
a. Hasil Pengamatan
Tabel 1.11.
Hasil pengamatan pertumbuhan dan perkembangan lalat buah
Hari Waktu
Kejadian/ perubhan
ke pengamatan
Rabu, 05.30 WIB
1

Rabu, 14.30 WIB


2

Kamis, 05.30 WIB


3

Kamis, 22.00 WIB


4

Jum’at 8.30 WIB


5

Sabtu, 05.30 WIB


6

Minggu, 05.30
7 WIB

8 Senin, 5.30 WIB

Gambar 1.11.
Siklus perkembangan lalat buah
b. Pembahasan
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

c. Kesimpulan
1. _____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
2. _____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
d. Jawaban Pertanyaan
1) ______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
2) ______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
3. Perkembangbiakan Tumbuhan
3.1 Struktur Bunga
a. Hasil Pengamatan

Gambar 1.11.
Morfologi bunga sepatu

Gambar 1.12.
Sayatan vertical bunga sepatu

b. Pembahasan
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
c. Kesimpulan
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________

d. Jawaban pertanyaan
1) ___________________________________________________________________
2) ___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

3.2 Perkembangan eseksual (vegetative) alami


a. Hasil pengamatan

Tabel 1.12.
Perkembangan aseksual alami pada tumbuhan
Nama tumbuhan dan jenis Gambar tumbuhan dengan
No
Perkembangbiakan aseksual Perkembangbiakan aseksual

b. Pembahasan
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________

c. Kesimpulan
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
3.3 Perkembangan aseksual (vegetative) buatan pada tumbuhan
a. Hasil pengamatan
1. Menempel Tabel 1.13.
Menempel (okulasi)
No. Kondisi tempelan hari ke:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Gambar 1.13.
Menempel (okulasi)
2. Menyambung
Tabel 1.14.
Menyambung (enten)
No. Kondisi tempelan hari ke:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Gambar 1.14.
Menyambung

Tabel 1.15.
3. Mencangkok Mencangkok

No. Kondisi tempelan hari ke:


0
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Gambar 1.15.
Mencangkok
b. Pembahasan
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________

c. Kesimpulan
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
d. Jawaban Pertanyaan
1) ___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
2) ___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
3) ___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
4) ___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
5) ___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
6) ___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________