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Biology Test

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Biology test

Eukaryotic cells contain membrane-bound organelles, such as Lysosomes and peroxisomes,

nucleus, chromosomes, while prokaryotic cells do not have membrane-bound organelle (Corliss,


According to Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary (newest ed.). (2014) Archaea are

microorganisms of a domain (Archaea) such as methane-producing forms. Some of them are red

halophilic forms, while others are of harsh hot acidic environments (such as hot springs).

Bacteria are microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled, that can live in any palace.

They can be dangerous, such as when they cause infection, or beneficial, as in the process of

fermentation (such as in wine) and that of decomposition (Corliss, 2016). An example of bacteria

is Coccus.

Eukaryotic are reside cell that contains membrane-bound organelles. These organelles such as

lysosomes and nucleus.

Protozoa are single cells (heterotrophic eukaryotes) and small organisms.

Fungi is one of the member group of eukaryotic. Example yeast and molds.

Algae is a polyphyletic, one of the groups of the diverse eukaryotes micro-organisms.

Helminths are classified into two phyla: Platyhelminthes and Nemathelminthes (Corliss,

2016). Trematodes (flukes) and cestodes (tapeworms) belong to phylum Platyhelminthes, and

nematodes (roundworms) belong to phylum Nemathelminthes.

Platyhelminthes are soft-bodied organisms, such as flatworms and tapeworms (Corliss, 2016).

They exhibit the following characteristics: the body is dorsoventrally flattened, bilateral

symmetry, soft, and unsegmented bodies, among others.


Nematoda are found in soil and water and they are parasites. Also, they belong to the large

group of phylum. (Corliss, 2016). They have slender, unsegmented, cylindrical bodies. An

example is roundworms.

Name of disease caused by:

Giardia lamblia Giardiasis

Plasmodium falciparum mild febrile illness

Toxo plasma Gondi Toxoplasmosis

Trypanosome brucella African Trypanosomiasis

Trichomonas vaginalis Trichomoniasis

Dysbiosis is a word used for a microbial imbalance or maladaptation on or inside the body.

For instance, an impaired microbiota. For example, a part of the human microbiota, such as the

skin flora and vaginal flora, can become deranged. Symbiosis is an interaction of different types

of organisms (Corliss, 2016). This type of interaction is mutual.


Mutualism It is a beneficial interaction between

organisms of different species.

commenslation. Is an interaction n which only one organism

benefits while the other one remains


Parasitism Relationship involving one organism living

and harming the other one.


Neutralism interactions between biological species where

their effects on each other categorize these


Gramicidin a heterogeneous mixture of three antibiotic

compounds- gramicidin A, B and C

Annelids Are the type of worm that has a ring shape

and unsegmented bodies

Cyanobacteria These are the species of bacteria that obtain

energy through photosynthesis

Bacteriophage This is a type of virus that affects bacteria

Diatom Single-cell type of alga that has silica wall

Eskape pathogens:

a) Enterococcus faecium.

b) Staphylococcus aureus.

c) Klebsiella pneumoniae.

d) Acinetobacter baumannii.

e) Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

f) Enterobacter spp

A virus can be classified through their phenotypic characteristics: morphology, nucleic acid type,

mode of replication, host organisms, and the type of disease they cause (Corliss, 2016).


Corliss, J. O. (2016). The ciliated protozoa: characterization, classification, and guide to the

literature. Elsevier.

Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary (newest ed.). (2014). Springfield, MA: Merriam-

Webster Incorporated.