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OECD Health Data 2010 - Frequently Requested Data

Release version - June 2010

OECD Health Data 2010 homepage


Eco-Santé OCDE 2010 site internet

Health expenditure
- Total expenditure on health, % of gross domestic product
- Total health expenditure per capita, US$ PPP
- Total health expenditure, average annual growth rate per capita
- Public health expenditure, average annual growth rate per capita
- Public expenditure on health, % of total expenditure on health
- Public health expenditure per capita, US$ PPP
- Out-of-pocket expenditure on health, % of total expenditure on health
- Out-of-pocket expenditure on health per capita, US$ PPP
- Pharmaceutical expenditure, % of total expenditure on health
- Pharmaceutical expenditure per capita, US$ PPP

Health care resources

- Practising physicians, density per 1 000 population


- Professionally active physicians, density per 1 000 population
- Practising nurses, density per 1 000 population
- Professionally active nurses, density per 1 000 population
- Medical graduates, density per 100 000 population
- Nursing graduates, density per 100 000 population
- Hospital beds, density per 1 000 population
- Curative (acute) care beds, density per 1 000 population
- Psychiatric care beds, per 1 000 population
- MRI units per million population
- CT Scanners per million population
- Mammographs per million population
- Radiation therapy equipment per million population

Health care activities


- Doctor consultations per capita
- Vaccination rates against measles
- Vaccination rates against DTP
- Vaccination rates agains influenza for people 65 and over
- MRI exams, per 1000 population, in hospitals, in ambulatory care, total
- CT scanners exams, per 1000 population, in hospitals, in ambulatory care, total
- Hospital discharge rates, all causes, per 100 000 population
- Average length of stay for acute care, all conditions, days
- Average length of stay for a normal delivery, days
- Caesarean sections, per 1000 live births
Health status (Mortality)
- Life expectancy at birth, females, males and total population
- Life expectancy at 65 years old, females and males
- Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1 000 live births
- Potential years of life lost (PYLL), all causes females and males
- Suicides, deaths per 100 000 population

Risk factors
- Tobacco consumption, % of females, males and adult population who are daily
smokers
- Alcohol consumption, litres per population aged 15+
- Obesity, percentage of females, males and adult population with a BMI>30 kg/m2,
based on self-reports
- Obesity, percentage of females, males and adult population with a BMI>30 kg/m2,
based on measures of height and weight

Access all the Definitions, Sources and Methods for OECD Health Data 2010 (June 2010 version)

Source: OECD Health Data 2010, June 2010


Online database available at http://www.ecosante.org/oecd.htm
HEALTH EXPENDITURE
Total expenditure on health, % gross domestic product

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966


OECD countries
Australia 3.6 3.8 3.8
Austria 4.3 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.9
Belgium
Canada 5.4 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland 3.8 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.8 5.0
France 3.8 4.7
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.6
Ireland 3.7 3.5 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0 4.5
Italy
Japan 3.0 3.4 3.6 3.8 3.5 4.4 4.5
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway 2.9 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.6
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.2 2.5 2.7
Sweden
Switzerland 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.6 5.0
Turkey
United Kingdom 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3
United States 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.7
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
d : Differences in methodology
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975

4.1 4.8 4.8 4.8 5.4 6.3


5.2 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.3 5.4 6.9
3.9 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.5 5.6
6.2 6.5 6.6 6.9 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.6 7.0

7.9 8.0 7.8 8.5 8.7


5.5 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.6 6.2
5.4 6.4
6.0 6.5 6.8 7.2 7.7 8.4
5.4

3.9 5.4 4.6 4.7 5.2 5.1 4.6 5.3 5.7


4.8 4.6 4.8 5.1 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.7 7.3

4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.7 5.1 5.7

3.1 3.5 3.5 3.2 3.2 4.3

6.9 6.6 6.7 7.0


5.2 5.2 5.2 5.4 6.1 6.7
3.7 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.7 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.9

2.5 2.6 3.3 3.5 3.7 5.1

2.9 3.0 3.3 3.5 4.0 4.2 4.0 4.4 4.6


6.8 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.2 7.5
5.3 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.6 5.6 6.0 6.9
2.2
4.4 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.6 5.2 5.4
6.1 6.3 6.6 7.1 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.7 8.0

5.5
1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983

6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.3 6.2


7.1 7.1 7.4 7.4 7.4 6.6 6.5 6.3
5.8 6.3 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.7 6.9 7.1
7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8 7.0 7.2 8.0 8.2

8.6 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.9 9.2 9.2 8.9


6.5 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.5 6.6 6.7
7.0
8.4 8.3 8.4 8.2 8.4 8.7 8.6 8.6
5.9

5.4 5.3 5.7 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.8 7.4


b 7.3 6.9 7.3 7.5 8.2 7.9 7.6 7.7

5.7 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.5 6.6 6.8 6.9


3.9 4.0 4.0 3.9
4.4 4.7 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.2

6.9 7.0 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.8 7.7


6.2 6.5 6.9 6.4 5.9 5.8 6.0 5.8
6.0 6.2 6.8 6.2 7.0 6.7 6.8 7.0

4.9 4.5 4.7 4.5 5.3 5.6 5.6 5.3

5.0 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.6 5.7


7.8 8.6 8.7 8.6 8.9 9.0 9.2 9.1
7.1 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.5 7.9
1.7 2.0 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.2 2.2
5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.9
8.2 8.4 8.3 8.5 9.0 9.3 10.1 10.2

6.0 6.7 7.4 7.8 7.7 7.5 7.6 8.2


1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991

6.2 6.4 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.4 6.7 7.0


6.3 6.4 6.7 6.8 6.8 7.0 8.3 b 8.4
6.9 7.0 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.6
8.1 8.1 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.4 8.9 9.6

4.7 4.9
8.5 8.5 8.2 8.5 8.6 8.5 8.3 8.2
6.7 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.1 7.2 7.7 8.8
8.0 8.4 8.6
8.6 8.8 8.7 8.8 8.9 8.3 8.3
6.6 5.9 6.5 6.6 6.4
7.0
6.9 7.2 7.7 7.8 8.4 8.2 7.8 8.0
7.4 7.5 7.4 7.1 6.7 6.3 6.1 b 6.5
7.3 7.3 7.7 7.9
6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.4 6.1 6.0 6.0
3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.7 4.2 4.2 4.0
5.1 5.2 5.0 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.4 5.1
4.4 4.7
7.4 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.9 8.0 8.2
5.5 5.1 5.2 5.7 6.3 6.5 6.9 7.3
6.7 6.6 7.0 7.5 7.7 7.5 7.6 8.0
4.8 6.0
5.4 5.7 6.3 6.2 6.4 5.9 5.9 6.4

5.5 5.4 5.3 5.4 6.0 6.2 6.5 6.7


8.9 8.5 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.0
7.7 7.7 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.9
2.2 1.6 2.0 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.9
5.9 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.9 6.3
10.1 10.3 10.4 10.7 11.1 11.5 12.2 12.9

9.8 7.2 6.6 6.9 7.1 7.6 7.1 6.8


1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998

7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.6 b


8.7 9.3 9.6 9.5 9.5 9.8 10.0
7.7 7.9 7.7 8.5 de 8.8 de 8.6 de 8.7 de
9.8 9.7 9.4 9.0 b 8.8 8.8 9.0
5.3 5.8 5.9 6.4
5.1 6.7 6.9 7.0 b 6.7 6.7 6.6
8.3 8.6 8.4 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.3
9.0 8.2 b 7.7 7.9 b 8.1 7.7 7.4
8.9 9.3 9.3 10.4 b 10.4 10.2 10.1
9.6 b 9.6 9.8 10.1 10.4 10.2 10.2
7.0 7.9 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.4 8.4
7.6 7.6 8.1 7.3 7.0 6.7 7.1 b
8.2 8.3 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9
7.0 6.9 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1
8.0 7.9 7.6 7.3 7.4 7.7 7.7
6.3 6.5 6.8 6.9 b 7.0 7.0 7.3
4.2 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.2
5.4 5.5 5.3 b 5.6 b 5.7 5.6 5.7
5.1 5.3 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9 b
8.4 8.5 8.3 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 b
7.5 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.1 7.3 7.8
8.1 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.8 8.4 b 9.3
6.1 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9
6.6 6.9 7.0 7.8 b 8.0 8.0 8.0
5.8 5.7
7.1 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3
8.2 8.4 b 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.1 8.2
9.3 9.4 9.4 9.6 b 9.9 10.0 10.1
2.8 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.9 3.1 3.6
6.8 6.8 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.6 b 6.7
13.3 13.5 13.4 13.6 13.5 13.4 13.4

7.0 7.3 7.8 7.6 7.7 7.9 7.8


7.5 7.7 7.8 7.9
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

7.8 8.0 8.1 8.4 8.3 8.5


10.1 9.9 10.1 10.1 10.3 10.4
8.9 de 9.0 de 9.1 de 9.3 de 9.6 bde 10.0 de
8.9 8.8 9.3 9.6 9.8 9.8
6.6 6.6 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.3
6.6 6.5 b 6.7 7.1 7.4 b 7.2
8.5 8.3 8.6 8.8 9.3 b 9.5
7.4 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.2 8.2
10.1 10.1 10.2 10.5 10.9 11.0
10.3 10.3 10.4 10.6 10.8 10.6
8.6 7.9 b 8.8 9.1 8.9 8.7
7.2 7.0 7.2 7.5 8.3 b 8.0
9.6 9.5 9.3 10.2 10.4 b 9.9 d
6.1 6.1 6.8 7.1 7.4 7.6
7.8 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.7
7.5 7.7 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.0
4.5 4.8 5.3 5.1 5.4 5.4
5.8 5.8 6.4 6.8 7.5 b 8.1
5.1 5.1 5.5 5.6 5.8 6.0 d
8.1 8.0 8.3 8.9 9.8 be 10.0 e
7.6 7.7 7.8 8.2 8.0 8.4
9.3 8.4 8.8 9.8 10.0 9.7
5.7 5.5 5.9 6.3 b 6.2 6.2
8.2 8.8 b 8.8 9.0 9.7 10.0
5.8 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.8 7.2
7.3 b 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2 b 8.2
8.3 8.2 9.0 b 9.3 9.4 9.2
10.2 10.2 10.6 10.9 11.3 11.3
4.8 b 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.4
6.9 7.0 7.3 7.6 7.8 8.0
13.4 13.4 14.1 14.8 15.3 15.4

5.9 5.3 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.1


7.5 7.5 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.8
7.9 8.3 8.6 8.6 b 8.6 8.4
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

8.4 8.5 8.5


10.4 10.3 10.3 10.5
9.8 bde 9.5 de 10.0 de 10.2 de
9.9 10.0 10.1 10.4 e
6.1 5.9 6.2 6.9
7.2 7.0 6.8 7.1
9.5 9.6 9.7
8.4 8.4 8.2 8.4
11.1 11.1 11.0 11.2
10.7 10.5 10.4 10.5
9.5 9.7 9.7
8.3 8.1 7.4 7.3
9.4 d 9.1 d 9.1 d 9.1 d 9.6 d
7.5 7.5 7.5 8.7
8.9 9.0 8.7 9.1 9.5
8.2 8.1 8.1
5.7 6.1 6.3 6.5
7.7 7.2 e
5.9 d 5.7 d 5.8 d 5.9 d
9.8 e 9.7 e 9.7 e 9.9 e
8.9 9.3 9.1 9.8
9.1 8.6 8.9 8.5 e
6.2 6.2 6.4 7.0
10.2 9.9
7.0 7.3 7.7 7.8
8.3 8.4 8.4 9.0
9.2 9.1 9.1 9.4
11.2 10.8 10.6 10.7 e
5.4 5.8 6.0
8.3 8.5 8.4 8.7
15.4 15.5 15.7 16.0

5.0 5.1 5.3 6.1


7.8 7.6 7.8 e 7.8 e
8.4 8.2 7.8 8.3
HEALTH EXPENDITURE
Total expenditure on health, /capita, US$ purchasing power parity

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 90 107 128 176 236
Austria 77 86 90 97 103 107 124 139 153 171 196 215
Belgium 149 166
Canada 123 135 143 153 162 177 191 208 236 262 294 331
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark 359
Finland 63 68 75 81 91 107 118 134 150 171 184 203
France 69 117 193
Germany 268 310
Greece 160
Hungary
Iceland 57 58 67 75 87 94 107 118 159 143 175 224
Ireland 43 44 49 53 55 61 71 83 89 103 116 148
Italy
Japan 30 39 45 53 54 73 85 98 115 134 151 168
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand 214 227
Norway 49 55 62 68 73 78 88 96 107 123 143 167
Poland
Portugal 47 55
Slovak Republic
Spain 16 19 23 27 35 42 50 57 64 80 95 116
Sweden 311 344
Switzerland 166 167 171 175 184 199 228 252 277 312 344 391
Turkey
United Kingdom 84 89 91 98 104 110 119 130 142 148 159 173
United States 148 155 166 178 194 209 228 253 284 318 356 391
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
d : Differences in methodology
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986

252 278 342 436 465 504 544 584 642 717 750 797 850 926 997
235 267 310 436 496 547 616 699 785 754 802 837 877 939 1017
189 225 259 348 402 465 527 583 641 746 824 880 915 965 1029
352 374 411 479 525 568 625 683 777 894 1011 1092 1173 1259 1344

392 415 488 541 597 631 697 792 893 990 1091 1130 1164 1251 1288
232 255 283 344 381 418 451 505 569 644 714 774 826 921 974
367 666 1031
352 407 481 569 635 691 773 853 967 1096 1143 1207 1305 1403 1448
489

240 244 317 373 388 441 534 680 752 877 979 1068 1065 1178 1357
164 182 220 274 b 286 309 372 417 511 545 564 587 610 654 653

191 209 244 299 326 367 424 491 583 659 731 779 802 871 905
107 126 142 156 164 180 193

316 335 385 439 474 519 576 644 732 799 866 899 921 960 1021
247 286 362 418 410 438 498 501 503 558 630 649 665 633 669
201 227 258 322 368 420 507 521 665 708 762 844 881 939 1068

78 99 114 158 167 169 191 210 277 325 348 339 349 395 465

136 149 185 211 249 282 302 321 362 404 442 474 481 494 515
366 393 453 529 586 676 740 817 942 1044 1134 1186 1253 1267 1288
415 454 534 618 671 733 789 886 1013 1130 1208 1322 1366 1453 1543
44 40 50 60 65 70 85 76 83 86 68 90
190 213 258 293 318 338 372 410 468 531 561 626 657 689 732
432 474 533 600 682 767 852 956 1091 1254 1402 1532 1670 1811 1925
1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998

1033 1083 1138 1201 1272 1351 1426 1514 1607 1707 1804 1939 b
1082 1154 1270 1623 b 1729 1840 2004 2162 2239 2305 2446 2603
1099 1187 1260 1354 1484 1574 1612 1650 1914 de 1997 de 2047 de 2121 de
1410 1500 1609 1735 1874 1968 2011 2053 2056 b 2058 2151 2310
397 466 507 565
558 539 567 766 815 897 b 915 921 925
1378 1449 1482 1540 1588 1663 1768 1853 1869 1975 2059 2176
1055 1112 1219 1363 1500 1505 1390 b 1369 1479 b 1550 1605 1665
1445 1553 1651 1750 1811 2101 b 2161 2228 2313
1529 1662 1655 1764 1977 b 1990 2123 2267 2392 2410 2480
711 686 809 845 872 972 1083 1224 1261 1298 1354 1382
576 614 627 707 658 658 678 763 b
1533 1668 1677 1662 1745 1734 1799 1842 1905 1973 2113 2478
677 701 726 789 b 884 1006 1034 1116 1187 1269 1370 1474
1131 1212 1356 1468 1522 1520 1530 1532 1609 1729 1833
963 1011 1056 1122 1201 1290 1376 1474 1549 b 1657 1695 1747
213 253 319 355 383 432 450 492 525 592 624 599
1906 b 1986 1971 2082
296 337 377 400 420 385 370 407 434 b
1085 1161 1298 1412 1514 1602 1669 1714 1795 1859 1915 2054 b
761 847 903 981 1041 1092 1110 1187 1244 1268 1352 1451
1190 1253 1279 1366 1520 1620 1661 1750 1858 2038 2349 b 2537
289 345 365 371 374 410 477 497 559
493 570 581 628 744 793 828 856 1014 b 1093 1161 1210
564 584
567 682 764 870 950 1028 1083 1111 1190 1247 1298 1383
1370 1433 1522 1592 1577 1619 1657 b 1662 1741 1858 1885 1982
1649 1763 1910 2028 2222 2355 2403 2484 2563 b 2730 2844 2981
103 116 129 155 168 176 187 172 173 215 250 295
798 855 910 960 1049 1154 1206 1295 1347 1433 1488 b 1559
2076 2303 2541 2810 3035 3251 3447 3589 3748 3900 4055 4236

1314 1387 1456 1472


984 1066 1158 1228
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

2097 2266 2382 2559 2665 2870 2980 3168 3353


2733 2862 2906 3057 3198 3390 3472 3629 3792 3970
2255 de 2481 de 2596 de 2793 de 2911 bde 3120 de 3154 bde 3174 de 3452 de 3677
2416 2519 2733 2875 3063 3214 3456 3690 3867 4079
578 613 654 670 682 709 746 772 865 999
938 982 b 1081 1195 1338 b 1387 1475 1520 1621 1781
2282 2383 2522 2695 2831 b 3053 3152 3381 3540
1749 1855 1967 2144 2252 2458 2590 2710 2900 3008
2404 2553 2726 2931 2992 3121 3306 3425 3593 3696
2581 2669 2797 2934 3083 3161 3353 3471 3619 3737
1468 1451 b 1755 1965 2027 2091 2352 2547 2687
810 853 970 1114 1283 b 1304 1411 1450 1395 1437
2756 2740 2844 3156 3194 b 3334 d 3304 d 3193 d 3320 d 3359
1574 1763 2070 2348 2561 2788 2924 3094 3361 3793
1885 2064 2228 2235 2265 2372 2516 2662 2701 2870
1829 1969 2080 2137 2224 2336 2474 2580 2729
699 824 964 1012 1086 1166 1305 1501 1685 1801
2384 2557 2736 3081 3578 b 4078 4021 4210 e
470 508 552 584 629 689 d 731 d 761 d 824 d 852
2178 2340 2555 2833 3097 be 3309 e 3450 e 3613 e 3844 e 4063
1522 1607 1708 1841 1847 2043 2202 2418 2471 2683
2780 3043 3265 3628 3834 4077 4301 4501 4791 5003
573 583 642 733 b 748 807 857 912 1049 1213
1329 1511 b 1570 1659 1823 1912 2100 2151
599 604 665 730 791 1057 1139 1318 1569 1738
1450 b 1538 1636 1745 2017 b 2126 2268 2477 2658 2902
2129 2286 2508 b 2697 2828 2948 2958 3113 3349 3470
3073 3221 3428 3673 3777 3936 4015 4150 4469 4627
372 b 433 424 442 447 520 591 696 767
1679 1837 2004 2192 2324 2548 2701 2884 2990 3129
4450 4703 5052 5453 5852 6196 6563 6931 7285 7538

513 522 521 582 669 759 831 938 1094 1263
1652 1825 1951 1939 1811 1898 1893 1979 2152 e 2244
1304 1453 1583 1706 b 1768 1862 1978 2047 2077 2329
2009

de
e 4406 e

d 3378 d

2886

d 877 de
e

e 4810 e

e
HEALTH EXPENDITURE
Annual growth rate of total expenditure on health per capita, in real terms

2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007

OECD countries
Australia 3.5 4.9 2.0 4.8 0.4 2.6 2.5
Austria 1.6 1.4 2.1 3.0 1.7 1.8 3.3
Belgium 1.9 3.0 3.8 7.0 -0.8 -1.0 7.0
Canada 6.1 5.1 2.9 2.0 2.7 3.4 1.9
Chile 4.2 0.7 -0.4 1.1 1.8 0.3 8.6
Czech Republic 5.1 8.2 8.8 0.9 6.9 2.4 2.4
Denmark 4.0 2.4 6.3 3.7 2.6 4.3 2.7
Finland 4.7 6.7 6.6 4.7 5.1 3.3 2.3
France 2.4 3.5 3.9 2.8 2.0 1.3 1.2
Germany 2.3 2.0 1.2 -0.8 1.9 1.9 1.5
Greece 16.1 6.5 3.7 1.0 12.3 5.4 4.1
Hungary 6.1 10.5 15.4 1.0 7.9 1.2 -7.1
Iceland 0.8 7.9 4.1 1.5 1.3 -1.6 3.1
Ireland 14.9 9.6 7.2 5.8 2.9 2.0 4.4
Italy 3.6 1.7 -0.7 4.2 3.2 2.3 -2.7
Japan 3.3 0.4 2.8 2.1 3.4 1.0 2.8
Korea 14.4 3.4 6.9 4.4 10.3 11.4 9.1
Luxembourg 7.9 8.7 10.4 9.6 -2.6 -3.7
Mexico 6.1 2.7 3.1 6.5 0.5 0.6 5.3
Netherlands 5.5 6.3 10.0 3.9 0.4 2.1 3.3
New Zealand 4.4 7.4 0.0 8.1 6.9 5.4 -0.3
Norway 6.1 12.3 2.7 -0.5 -3.9 -3.5 5.0
Poland 7.4 9.8 2.4 4.7 3.8 6.1 10.8
Portugal 1.0 2.0 6.3 3.8 2.4 -1.3
Slovak Republic 4.0 7.0 8.3 30.1 4.1 12.9 16.5
Spain 2.9 1.4 14.0 2.1 3.1 3.3 2.8
Sweden 9.7 5.9 2.7 1.4 2.5 2.6 2.2
Switzerland 4.9 2.7 2.2 2.2 1.3 -1.3 1.1
Turkey -3.1 8.7 3.5 8.6 8.6 12.6 7.4
United Kingdom 5.3 6.2 5.1 5.5 4.5 4.8 3.0
United States 5.0 6.2 5.1 3.0 2.5 2.3 2.2
Accession countries
Estonia -0.7 8.2 11.2 10.5 7.2 11.3 12.2
Israel 4.4 -3.4 -1.6 1.9 4.0 0.8 5.3
Slovenia 6.6 4.2 2.6 1.1 4.7 3.2 0.8

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


2007-2008

3.5
4.9
3.3
13.0
8.5

3.1
0.8
2.5

-1.3
-1.7
14.8
3.5

4.7

1.4
3.5
6.3
-3.9
14.5

7.4
8.4
2.2
1.7

2.6
1.3

11.3
2.3
10.4
HEALTH EXPENDITURE
Annual growth rate of public expenditure on health per capita, in real terms

2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007

OECD countries
Australia 2.7 5.9 0.8 5.7 0.7 2.1 3.9
Austria 0.6 1.0 1.8 3.2 2.3 1.6 3.9
Belgium 8.1 -0.1 -0.4 3.7
Canada 5.5 4.5 3.9 2.1 2.7 2.8 2.4
Chile 7.1 2.6 2.3 0.8 3.2 2.5 10.3
Czech Republic 4.5 9.0 8.0 0.1 4.7 1.7 0.6
Denmark 4.3 2.8 7.6 3.4 2.6 4.7 3.2
Finland 5.8 7.5 6.9 5.4 5.8 5.0 2.1
France 2.4 3.8 3.6 2.7 2.0 0.2 1.1
Germany 2.0 1.6 0.6 -3.2 1.8 1.7 1.5
Greece 17.5 1.7 6.9 -0.1 14.2 8.7 1.3
Hungary 3.4 12.5 19.7 0.4 7.8 1.6 -9.9
Iceland 0.7 9.1 3.8 0.9 1.5 -0.9 3.8
Ireland 16.0 10.1 7.2 6.7 2.3 1.6 5.0
Italy 6.7 1.5 -0.7 6.3 3.5 2.8 -3.0
Japan 3.8 0.1 2.8 2.5 4.6 -0.7 3.6
Korea 31.4 1.4 5.1 5.9 12.4 16.9 10.1
Luxembourg 6.2 11.6 9.9 10.0 -2.6 -2.9
Mexico 2.1 0.5 3.8 8.9 0.3 1.0 5.7
Netherlands 5.0 5.7
New Zealand 2.2 9.5 0.6 6.1 7.2 6.0 2.6
Norway 7.4 12.2 3.0 -0.6 -3.9 -3.2 5.4
Poland 10.3 8.6 0.6 2.7 4.9 7.0 12.3
Portugal -0.4 3.0 7.8 2.0 2.0 -1.6
Slovak Republic 3.9 6.7 7.4 8.7 5.0 3.7 14.0
Spain 2.3 1.5 12.6 2.3 3.1 4.4 3.5
Sweden 5.8 6.2 3.3 0.5 2.3 2.5 2.4
Switzerland 7.7 4.1 3.3 2.3 3.1 -1.8 1.1
Turkey 4.8 12.9 5.3 7.6 3.4 13.4 6.6
United Kingdom 6.2 6.1 5.4 7.2 5.2 4.8 3.1
United States 7.4 6.1 4.6 3.8 2.8 4.3 2.7
Accession countries
Estonia 1.2 6.1 11.0 8.5 8.9 6.3 15.7
Israel 3.5 -1.4 -2.7 -0.9 0.9 0.4 0.9
Slovenia 5.5 4.3 0.5 2.6 3.1 4.0 0.2

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


2007-2008

4.2
3.5
3.1
14.3
5.1

2.7
0.1
2.6

-0.3
-0.8
15.0
4.6

5.0

4.8

7.2
-3.8
16.8

11.0
9.5
2.3
1.8

3.4
3.5

14.6
4.1
10.7
HEALTH EXPENDITURE
Public expenditure on health, % total expenditure on health, TEH

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 50.3 50.4 51.1 57.0 62.1
Austria 69.4 66.7 66.9 67.0 66.7 70.3 66.7 67.3 64.1 67.8 63.0 63.8
Belgium
Canada 42.6 51.9 69.9 73.0
Chile
Czech Republic 96.6
Denmark 83.7
Finland 54.1 54.7 57.0 58.7 60.6 66.0 67.4 71.8 71.7 73.7 73.8 72.7
France 62.4 71.2 75.5
Germany 72.8 74.6
Greece 42.6
Hungary
Iceland 66.7 65.4 62.0 62.4 63.6 63.1 65.2 65.9 69.2 64.5 66.2 66.6
Ireland 76.0 76.9 73.3 75.8 81.1 76.2 75.5 75.9 74.2 74.7 81.7 72.5
Italy
Japan 60.4 60.2 60.2 60.2 69.8 61.4 60.1 60.4 60.2 59.6 69.8 65.7
Korea
Luxembourg 88.9
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand 80.3 74.9
Norway 77.8 78.1 78.2 79.4 80.3 80.9 85.7 87.3 86.9 88.5 91.6 89.8
Poland
Portugal 59.0 59.7
Slovak Republic
Spain 58.7 53.7 54.0 50.0 48.9 50.8 52.6 61.4 62.0 63.3 65.4 64.6
Sweden 86.0 86.8
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom 85.2 85.1 84.6 82.8 82.6 85.8 86.6 87.2 87.0 86.3 87.0 87.0
United States 23.1 23.5 23.2 23.3 22.4 22.5 27.9 35.3 35.9 36.0 36.2 37.2
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
d : Differences in methodology
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986

61.4 61.8 62.9 73.6 67.2 61.7 62.5 61.6 62.6 61.2 58.9 62.9 70.7 70.6 69.4
63.3 63.8 65.2 69.6 69.6 69.8 69.8 68.3 68.8 76.0 75.4 76.0 75.6 76.1 76.5

74.0 73.7 74.6 76.2 b 77.0 76.7 76.3 75.9 75.6 75.9 76.3 76.6 76.1 75.5 75.1

96.9 96.8 92.2


84.0 83.8 85.0 85.4 87.0 86.5 86.9 87.8 87.8 87.7 87.5 86.6 85.9 85.6 84.6
71.6 73.7 74.7 78.6 78.3 78.8 77.9 78.3 79.0 79.7 80.0 79.1 78.5 78.6 79.3
78.0 80.1 78.5
75.6 77.0 78.2 79.0 78.9 78.7 78.7 78.5 78.7 78.7 78.2 77.3 77.4 77.4 77.6
55.6

81.6 82.1 87.5 87.1 87.0 87.2 89.6 89.5 88.2 88.9 89.1 89.5 86.8 87.0 86.5
75.5 79.2 80.0 79.0 b 78.7 79.5 78.7 82.9 82.0 82.4 81.8 79.5 77.8 75.8 75.5

67.7 68.8 74.1 72.0 75.1 72.8 76.0 74.3 71.3 71.0 71.0 72.8 72.9 70.7 72.4
20.0 19.8 22.5 25.6 28.6 29.6 28.2
91.8 91.8 91.4 92.2 92.7 92.8 92.9 93.0 89.2 89.1 89.2 89.4

60.2 63.8 65.9 67.9 68.6 68.8 69.1 69.2 69.4 69.9 70.1 70.8 70.8 70.8 68.1
77.3 74.0 74.0 73.7 74.8 76.3 76.9 84.4 88.0 95.2 88.0 88.6 87.0 87.0 86.3
95.3 94.5 94.8 96.2 97.4 98.3 92.7 95.3 85.1 87.9 87.6 86.6 86.4 85.8 87.0

60.0 60.6 62.8 58.9 66.0 70.0 67.1 69.3 64.3 64.3 56.2 52.4 51.2 54.6 52.6

67.8 76.2 72.5 77.4 73.7 75.6 78.5 79.2 79.9 78.7 79.4 84.9 81.9 81.1 79.9
86.6 86.1 89.9 90.2 90.2 91.3 91.5 91.7 92.5 91.9 91.6 91.5 91.6 90.4 90.2
50.3 50.0
50.0 33.3 20.0 22.2 29.4 42.2 50.6 42.0
87.8 87.6 89.7 91.1 91.0 90.0 90.0 89.6 89.4 88.9 87.6 87.4 86.9 85.8 85.3
37.1 37.7 39.4 40.6 40.1 39.6 40.2 40.4 40.8 40.7 40.0 40.1 39.6 39.3 40.1
1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

68.9 67.2 66.8 66.2 65.9 65.4 65.0 65.0 65.8 65.2 66.9 66.4 b 68.4
75.9 75.6 73.7 73.4 b 73.2 73.9 74.3 74.8 73.9 73.5 75.7 76.0 76.7
75.9 76.4
75.0 74.9 74.8 74.5 74.6 74.1 72.7 72.0 71.3 b 70.8 70.1 70.6 70.0
48.2 47.2 47.1 48.1 49.9
96.4 97.4 96.8 95.5 94.8 93.9 90.9 b 90.7 90.3 90.4 90.5
84.4 84.7 84.2 82.7 83.5 83.2 82.7 82.2 82.5 82.4 82.3 82.0 82.2
79.6 79.4 80.0 80.9 81.1 79.6 76.1 b 75.5 72.0 b 71.9 72.2 71.8 71.5
76.6 76.3 76.6 76.5 76.0 79.7 b 79.6 79.6 79.5 79.4
77.5 77.2 76.0 76.2 81.3 b 80.7 80.8 81.7 82.3 80.9 80.2 80.1
59.9 54.1 55.9 53.7 53.4 54.6 54.5 50.2 52.0 53.0 52.8 52.1 53.4
89.1 88.0 87.4 87.3 84.0 81.6 81.3 74.8 b 72.4
87.3 87.1 86.5 86.6 86.7 84.8 83.3 83.6 83.9 83.3 82.1 80.4 82.2
72.9 71.1 72.2 71.7 b 72.9 70.9 73.0 71.7 72.7 71.8 75.2 75.0 75.5
78.5 77.6 79.5 79.3 77.1 75.5 73.5 70.8 70.6 70.8 70.4 70.7
73.7 75.2 76.6 77.6 78.3 78.1 79.2 78.6 83.0 b 82.8 81.5 80.8 81.1
28.7 30.8 31.4 36.3 33.9 33.5 34.4 33.6 36.2 39.2 41.6 46.4 47.4
93.0 92.9 92.9 93.1 93.0 92.8 92.9 91.7 b 92.4 b 92.8 92.5 92.4 89.8
40.4 43.9 43.1 43.2 45.0 42.1 41.4 44.7 46.0 b 47.8
68.4 66.6 67.0 67.1 69.0 72.8 73.6 72.9 71.0 66.2 67.8 64.1 b 62.7
87.2 85.6 85.8 82.4 82.2 79.0 76.6 77.5 77.2 76.7 77.3 77.0 77.5
86.5 85.3 84.2 82.8 84.5 84.8 84.6 84.6 84.2 84.2 81.3 b 82.2 82.6
91.7 75.6 76.4 73.8 72.8 72.9 73.4 72.0 65.4 71.1
51.5 53.7 53.1 65.5 62.8 59.6 63.0 63.4 62.6 b 65.3 65.7 67.1 67.6
91.7 91.6 89.6
79.7 79.2 78.2 78.7 77.5 77.4 76.6 75.5 72.2 72.4 72.5 72.2 72.0 b
89.9 89.4 89.6 89.9 88.2 87.2 87.4 b 87.1 86.6 86.9 85.8 85.8 85.7
49.9 50.4 52.0 52.4 52.8 53.8 54.3 54.2 53.6 b 54.5 55.0 54.7 55.1
39.5 51.1 58.1 61.0 62.9 67.0 66.4 68.9 70.3 69.2 71.6 71.9 61.1 b
84.3 83.8 83.2 83.6 83.3 84.6 85.1 83.9 83.9 82.9 80.3 b 80.3 80.6
40.4 39.1 39.1 39.2 40.7 41.9 43.0 44.4 44.9 45.0 44.7 43.5 43.1

77.5
67.4 68.7 65.6 63.7 63.8
77.7 76.2 75.0 75.5 75.7
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

66.8 66.3 66.9 66.1 66.7 66.9 66.6 67.5


76.8 76.1 75.8 75.5 75.7 76.1 76.0 76.4 76.9
74.1 bde 74.8 de 75.4 bde 75.9 de 73.5 de 72.6 de
70.4 70.0 69.6 70.2 70.3 70.3 69.9 70.3 70.2 e 70.2 e
52.1 53.5 54.5 56.0 55.9 56.6 57.8 58.7 59.4
90.3 b 89.8 90.5 89.8 b 89.2 87.3 86.7 85.2 82.5
82.4 82.7 82.9 83.9 b 83.8 83.7 84.1 84.5
71.1 71.8 72.3 72.5 73.0 73.5 74.6 74.5 74.2
79.4 79.4 79.7 79.4 79.3 79.3 78.4 78.3 77.8
79.8 79.6 79.3 78.8 76.9 76.8 76.7 76.7 76.8
60.0 b 60.8 58.0 59.8 59.1 60.1 62.0 60.3
70.7 69.0 70.2 72.8 b 72.4 72.3 72.6 70.4 71.0
81.1 81.0 81.9 81.7 b 81.2 d 81.4 d 82.0 d 82.5 d 83.2 d
75.3 76.1 76.4 76.4 77.0 76.6 76.3 76.8 76.9
72.5 74.6 74.5 74.5 76.0 76.2 76.6 76.4 77.2 77.3
81.3 81.7 81.5 81.5 81.7 82.7 81.3 81.9
45.5 52.3 51.3 50.4 51.1 52.1 54.7 55.2 55.3
89.3 87.9 90.3 89.8 b 90.1 90.2 90.9 e
46.6 44.8 43.9 44.2 45.2 d 45.0 d 45.2 d 45.4 d 46.9 d 47.5 de
63.1 62.8 62.5
78.0 76.4 77.9 78.3 76.9 77.1 77.5 79.8 80.4
82.5 83.6 83.5 83.7 83.6 83.5 83.8 84.1 84.2 e
70.0 71.9 71.2 b 69.9 68.6 69.3 69.9 70.8 72.2
72.5 b 71.5 72.2 73.3 72.0 71.8 71.5
89.4 89.3 89.1 88.3 73.8 74.4 68.3 66.8 69.0
71.6 71.2 71.3 70.5 b 70.6 70.6 71.3 71.8 72.5
84.9 81.8 b 82.1 82.5 81.8 81.6 81.6 81.7 81.9
55.4 56.9 57.7 58.3 58.4 59.5 59.1 59.1 59.1 e 59.6 e
62.9 68.1 70.7 71.9 71.2 67.8 68.3 67.8
79.3 79.9 79.9 80.1 81.4 81.9 81.9 82.0 82.6
43.2 44.2 44.1 43.9 44.3 44.4 45.3 45.5 46.5

77.2 78.6 77.1 77.0 75.5 76.7 73.3 75.6 77.8


62.1 61.6 62.9 62.2 60.5 58.7 58.4 56.0 e 57.0 e
74.0 73.3 73.4 b 71.9 72.9 71.9 72.4 72.0 72.3
HEALTH EXPENDITURE
Public expenditure on health, /capita, US$ purchasing power parity

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 45 54 66 100 147
Austria 53 57 60 65 68 75 82 93 98 116 124 137
Belgium
Canada 53 92 205 242
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark 300
Finland 34 37 43 47 55 70 80 96 107 126 136 148
France 43 83 146
Germany 195 231
Greece 68
Hungary
Iceland 38 38 42 47 56 59 70 78 110 92 116 149
Ireland 32 34 36 40 45 47 53 63 66 77 95 107
Italy
Japan 18 23 27 32 38 45 51 59 69 80 106 111
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand 172 170
Norway 38 43 48 54 59 63 75 84 93 109 131 150
Poland
Portugal 28 33
Slovak Republic
Spain 9 10 13 14 17 22 26 35 40 51 62 75
Sweden 267 298
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom 72 75 77 81 86 94 103 113 123 128 139 150
United States 34 36 38 41 44 47 63 89 102 114 129 145
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
d : Differences in methodology
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987

155 172 215 321 312 312 340 360 402 439 442 501 601 654 692 712
149 170 202 304 345 382 430 478 540 573 605 636 663 714 778 821

261 276 307 365 b 404 436 477 519 588 678 771 837 893 951 1009 1057

329 348 415 462 519 546 606 695 784 869 955 979 1000 1071 1090 1163
166 188 211 271 298 329 352 395 450 513 572 612 648 724 773 840
287 533 810
266 314 376 450 501 544 608 670 761 862 894 933 1010 1085 1124 1185
272 426

196 201 277 325 337 385 479 608 663 780 872 956 925 1025 1174 1338
124 144 176 216 b 225 246 293 346 419 449 461 467 475 496 493 494

129 144 181 216 245 267 322 365 415 468 519 567 585 616 655 709
21 25 32 40 47 53 55 61

190 214 254 298 325 358 398 446 508 558 608 637 652 680 695 742
191 212 268 308 307 334 383 422 442 531 555 575 579 550 577 664
191 215 244 309 359 412 470 497 566 622 668 731 761 805 929 1029

47 60 72 93 110 118 128 146 178 209 196 178 179 216 244 254

92 114 134 163 183 213 237 254 289 318 351 402 394 401 412 452
317 338 407 478 528 617 677 749 872 959 1039 1085 1147 1145 1161 1232
731 772 823
14 20 36 34 38 41
167 187 232 267 290 304 335 367 418 472 491 547 571 591 625 673
160 179 210 244 273 304 342 386 445 511 561 614 661 713 773 839
1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

727 761 795 839 884 927 984 1057 1114 1207 1286 b 1434 1514
872 937 1191 b 1266 1361 1489 1617 1655 1695 1851 1979 2098 2199
1452 1525
1124 1203 1293 1397 1459 1462 1477 1466 b 1457 1508 1630 1691 1772
191 220 239 272 288 319
544 522 542 726 765 815 b 830 832 837 849 887 b
1227 1248 1274 1326 1384 1462 1523 1542 1628 1694 1784 1876 1964
883 974 1103 1216 1198 1057 b 1033 1065 b 1114 1159 1196 1250 1318
1107 1185 1264 1339 1375 1674 b 1720 1775 1839 1910 2027
1284 1258 1344 1608 b 1605 1715 1852 1968 1950 1988 2067 2130
371 452 454 466 531 591 614 656 687 715 719 784 871 b
514 540 548 618 553 537 551 571 b 586 603
1453 1451 1440 1514 1470 1499 1540 1599 1642 1734 1992 2264 2221
498 524 566 b 645 713 755 800 863 911 1030 1105 1188 1328
888 940 1078 1165 1174 1148 1125 1084 1135 1225 1290 1333 1497
760 809 871 941 1008 1090 1159 1286 b 1372 1382 1411 1483 1600
78 100 129 130 145 155 165 190 232 260 278 331 375
1762 b 1844 1823 1924 2140 2283
120 148 162 173 189 162 153 182 200 b 225 237
774 871 947 1045 1165 1229 1249 1275 1230 1299 1317 b 1366 1476
725 775 808 856 863 851 920 960 972 1045 1118 1180 1254
1069 1077 1131 1283 1374 1405 1481 1565 1716 1910 b 2085 2295 2510
265 261 279 274 272 299 350 358 366 408 409
306 308 411 467 472 522 542 635 b 713 762 812 898 1097 b
517 535 537 540
540 597 685 736 795 829 839 859 902 940 998 1045 b 1101
1280 1363 1431 1392 1411 1448 b 1447 1509 1615 1618 1700 1826 1941
888 993 1062 1173 1267 1305 1347 1373 b 1487 1563 1629 1695 1785
59 75 95 105 118 124 119 122 149 179 212 227 b 272
716 757 803 874 975 1027 1086 1129 1189 1195 b 1252 1353 1456
900 993 1102 1236 1364 1481 1595 1683 1754 1811 1843 1916 2032

397 403
886 953 955 938 1054 1134
764 812 869 927 986 1076
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

1579 1712 1762 1914 1993 2110 2263


2211 2317 2416 2566 2644 2758 2897 3053
2156 bde 2335 de 2377 bde 2407 de 2538 de 2668 de
1913 2001 2152 2260 2431 2581 2719 2863 e 3095 e
350 365 382 396 422 447 508 594
971 1081 1202 b 1236 1288 1318 1381 1470
2085 2235 2376 b 2557 2639 2843 2991
1413 1551 1633 1794 1903 2023 2160 2233
2164 2335 2376 2474 2620 2685 2813 2875
2226 2327 2429 2431 2577 2661 2776 2869
1066 1140 1212 1236 1414 1580 1622
669 782 934 b 944 1020 1053 982 1021
2303 2584 2609 b 2707 d 2688 d 2616 d 2740 d 2796 d
1575 1795 1958 2148 2241 2362 2581 2918
1663 1665 1687 1802 1917 2038 2062 2216 2231
1699 1741 1812 1909 2046 2097 2234
504 519 547 596 680 821 930 997
2405 2782 3213 b 3675 3625 3825 e
247 256 278 311 d 329 d 344 d 374 d 400 d 417 de
1604 1769
1305 1434 1447 1571 1698 1875 1971 2158
2728 3029 3209 3407 3593 3771 4029 4213 e
461 521 b 523 554 594 638 743 876
1123 1199 1336 1377 1507 1539
593 650 699 780 848 901 1049 1199
1164 1244 1421 b 1500 1601 1766 1909 2105
2052 b 2213 2332 2412 2415 2539 2738 2841
1951 2121 2204 2298 2388 2454 2640 2736 e 2865 e
288 313 321 370 401 475 520
1602 1750 1861 2073 2212 2361 2451 2585
2231 2405 2570 2744 2916 3139 3317 3507

410 449 515 573 637 687 827 983


1202 1220 1126 1148 1111 1157 1205 e 1278 e
1160 1252 b 1271 1358 1422 1483 1496 1683
HEALTH EXPENDITURE
Health expenditure by financing agent/scheme, Out-of-pocket payments (households), % total expenditure on health, T

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 35.8 33.5 31.9 28.5 16.6
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark 15.4
Finland 43.6 42.9 40.6 39.0 36.2 31.3 29.7 25.8 25.9 24.0 23.8 24.6
France 30.3 22.3 17.6
Germany 13.9 12.9
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States 48.1 46.6 45.7 45.3 45.1 44.6 41.3 36.8 36.0 35.0 34.2 32.4
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
d : Differences in methodology
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


al expenditure on health, TEH

1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987

16.8 16.9 19.1 14.5 14.3 13.0 14.6 14.8 15.3 14.3 13.1 14.2 13.5 13.8 13.8 13.9

15.1 15.2 14.1 13.7 12.1 12.7 12.4 11.4 11.4 11.5 11.7 12.6 13.2 13.6 14.7 14.7
25.9 23.7 22.6 18.7 19.1 18.7 19.5 19.1 18.4 17.7 17.4 18.2 18.5 18.3 17.5 17.3
15.1 12.8 14.4
12.4 11.3 10.3 9.6 9.9 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.3 11.3 11.4 11.2 11.0 10.8

13.0 13.5 12.7


14.0 15.1 14.5 14.9 14.7

75.6 75.9 71.0 68.3 65.8 64.1 66.5 65.7


7.2 7.1 7.0 10.8 10.9 9.2 8.9 5.5

10.4 10.4 11.0 10.8 11.4 10.4

37.6 38.1 38.5

8.6
31.6 31.5 30.1 28.7 27.3 26.5 25.2 24.2 23.4 22.7 22.3 21.9 21.9 22.1 22.3 21.7
1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

14.8 15.2 16.1 16.7 16.9 17.0 17.1 16.1 17.0 16.9 19.9 b 18.6 19.8
15.2 15.6 15.5 15.4 15.2 15.3

14.8 14.5 14.4 14.2 14.2 14.9 15.4 15.9 16.1 16.8 16.2 16.2 15.9

2.6 3.2 4.5 5.2 6.1 9.1 9.3 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.7 b
14.1 14.4 16.0 15.3 15.6 16.3 16.7 16.3 16.2 16.3 16.6 16.1 16.0
17.2 16.5 15.5 15.6 16.5 20.1 b 20.5 21.8 b 21.9 21.6 21.9 22.2 22.3
11.4 11.7 11.4 11.3 11.0 7.6 b 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.2 7.1
11.1 11.0 11.1 10.1 b 10.4 10.5 9.6 9.4 10.2 11.0 10.9 11.1

10.9 12.0 12.6 12.7 16.0 18.4 18.7 22.3 b 24.9 26.3
12.9 13.5 13.4 13.3 15.2 16.7 16.4 16.1 16.7 17.9 19.6 17.8 18.9
15.3 15.9 16.5 b 16.4 15.3 15.0 14.6 15.4 15.6 15.3 14.5 15.0 15.2
17.9 18.8 17.1 17.2 19.3 21.8 24.1 26.6 26.5 26.4 26.7 26.1 24.5
15.3 15.6 16.8 17.5 17.1 16.9
63.1 63.0 58.4 60.5 59.7 58.3 55.0 54.6 51.9 48.9 44.3 43.9 45.2
5.5 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.6 6.8 b 6.2 b 7.2 7.5 7.6 7.4 7.0
58.3 54.5 55.2 55.0 53.2 56.2 56.6 53.1 51.8 50.0 b 50.9
8.4 9.0 9.0
11.6 11.4 14.5 13.9 15.9 17.9 16.1 16.2 16.3 15.6 16.3 15.9 15.4
14.6 15.0 14.6 14.8 14.8 15.2 15.3 17.8 b 17.0 16.6 16.7
8.3 24.4 23.6 26.2 27.2 27.1 26.6 28.0 34.6 28.9 30.0
22.2
8.3 8.4 10.4 10.6
18.7 18.7 19.4 20.2 23.5 23.2 23.1 23.2 23.3 b 23.6

38.0 36.3 35.7 35.5 34.3 33.2 33.1 33.1 b 31.5 32.4 32.9 33.4 33.0
31.4 31.5 30.1 29.7 30.8 29.1 b 27.6
10.6 11.2 11.0 10.7 11.1 10.9 11.0 14.1 b 14.1 13.6 13.4
21.1 20.0 19.4 18.2 17.2 16.2 15.1 14.6 14.4 14.7 15.0 14.8 14.5

14.1 19.9
21.9 20.9 24.4 26.5 24.1
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

19.3 18.8 18.3 18.3 18.6 18.7 18.0


16.0 16.2 16.5 16.0 15.7 15.8 15.4 15.1
20.6 de 19.9 de 19.3 bde 18.8 de 21.3 de 22.2 de
15.2 15.2 14.5 14.6 14.6 14.9 14.7 14.7 e 14.8 e

10.2 9.5 10.0 b 10.4 10.7 11.3 13.2 15.7


15.9 15.8 14.6 bd 14.7 d 14.8 d 14.3 d 13.8 d
21.6 21.2 20.9 20.5 20.1 19.0 19.0 19.4
7.2 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.8 7.0 7.1 7.4
11.2 11.4 11.7 13.2 13.2 13.4 13.3 13.0

27.7 26.3 23.7 b 23.4 23.8 23.0 24.3 23.9


19.0 18.1 17.0 b 17.4 17.2 16.6 16.0 15.3 16.6
15.0 14.5 16.0 15.6 15.5 14.5 14.1 14.4
22.1 22.4 22.4 21.2 20.5 19.9 20.1 19.5 19.4
16.5 17.3 15.3 b 15.3 14.3 15.1 14.6
39.3 40.3 40.4 40.0 38.8 36.5 35.5 35.0
6.5 6.9 6.9 b 6.6 6.5 6.5 e
52.4 53.2 52.9 51.9 51.7 51.3 50.9 49.3 48.8 e
8.7 8.0 7.3 bde 7.2 de 7.1 de 5.6 de 5.5 de 5.7 e
17.0 16.1 17.0 bd 16.8 d 16.6 de 14.3 13.9
15.7 15.8 15.5 15.6 15.7 15.4 15.1 15.1 e
28.1 25.4 b 26.4 28.1 26.1 25.6 24.2 22.4
23.2 22.3 21.1 22.2 22.8 22.9
10.7 10.9 11.7 19.2 22.6 25.9 26.2 25.7
23.9 23.7 22.7 b 22.6 22.4 21.4 21.0 20.7
15.9 b 15.5 15.4 15.9 16.3 16.2 15.8 15.6
31.8 31.6 31.6 31.9 30.6 30.8 30.7 30.8 e 30.3 e
22.8 19.8 18.5 19.2 22.8 22.0 21.8
13.4 13.2 12.8 12.3 11.8 11.4 11.7 11.1
13.9 13.5 13.2 12.9 12.7 12.3 12.3 12.1

19.0 20.1 20.3 21.3 20.4 25.1 21.9 19.7


26.2 28.5 27.0 25.9 26.2 28.1 27.2 29.7
11.9 11.7 12.5 11.8 13.3 12.8
HEALTH EXPENDITURE
Health expenditure by financing agent/scheme, Out-of-pocket payments (households), /capita, US$ purchasing power

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 32 36 41 50 39
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark 35 39 44 48 50 55
Finland 28 29 30 31 33 33 35 35 39 41 44 50
France 21 26 34
Germany 37 40
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy 28 32
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States 71 72 76 81 88 93 94 93 102 111 122 126
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
d : Differences in methodology
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


ta, US$ purchasing power parity

1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987

42 47 65 63 67 66 80 87 98 102 98 113 115 128 138 144

59 63 69 74 72 80 86 90 102 114 128 142 154 170 189 203


60 60 64 64 73 78 88 97 105 114 124 141 153 169 171 182
55 85 148
44 46 50 55 63 70 79 89 100 111 118 136 149 158 160 165

153 182 194


82 92 95 97 100
36 41 47 51 58 60 66 78 94 110 125 135 151 163 179 182

81 96 101 106 108 116 128 140

52 65 73 68 76 79

547 588 635

40
136 149 160 172 186 203 215 232 256 284 312 335 365 400 430 451
1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

160 173 194 213 229 242 260 259 289 304 386 b 390 449
340 361 378 402 414 438

221 233 250 267 280 300 316 326 332 361 373 392 401

14 17 26 40 50 82 85 89 89 89 95 b
204 214 246 243 259 287 309 305 321 336 360 367 381
191 202 212 234 249 279 b 280 323 b 340 346 364 388 413
165 182 189 198 200 160 b 158 160 165 172 181
184 182 196 200 b 208 222 218 225 247 272 280 296

63 74 79 90 106 121 127 170 b 201 224


215 226 222 232 263 300 302 306 330 379 486 492 519
107 115 130 b 145 153 156 163 183 198 210 213 237 268
202 228 231 252 294 331 368 408 427 456 489 492 506
237 259 285 306 313 332
160 201 207 232 258 263 271 286 307 305 265 307 373
118 b 143 147 158 175 179
172 184 208 220 223 216 209 216 225 235 b 259
174 196 210
99 103 142 145 174 199 191 201 207 211 236 242 247
199 228 237 247 259 283 311 419 b 431 462 509
24 84 86 97 102 111 127 139 194 165 175
335
47 49 62 64
178 193 210 224 280 289 300 321 338 b 362

670 693 723 789 808 797 821 848 b 860 922 980 1026 1062
55 59 52 51 66 108 b 120
102 117 127 129 144 147 158 210 b 220 229 246
487 508 545 554 559 558 543 549 564 595 635 658 683

72 104
304 304 360 438 440
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

459 482 487 524 555 591 605


466 495 526 542 546 575 585 600
598 de 622 de 609 bde 596 de 734 de 817 de
416 436 444 470 503 550 568 600 e 650 e

111 114 133 b 144 158 172 214 280


402 427 412 bd 449 d 465 d 484 d 489 d
426 454 470 503 520 515 551 583
196 204 203 210 224 240 253 273
315 334 360 418 442 464 481 487

269 293 304 b 305 336 334 339 343


541 571 542 b 581 570 530 533 515 561
310 341 409 435 453 449 474 546
494 500 507 503 515 529 542 558 560
343 369 341 b 356 353 391 399
379 408 438 466 507 548 599 630
178 211 245 b 267 263 272 e
289 311 332 357 378 390 419 420 428 e
222 227 227 bde 237 de 246 de 203 de 213 de 233 e
290 296 348 bd 371 d 401 de 352 372
514 572 594 637 673 693 725 756 e
180 186 b 198 227 224 233 254 272
363 371 385 424 478 492
71 80 92 203 257 342 411 447
391 414 457 b 481 507 531 559 602
398 b 419 435 470 482 505 531 543
1090 1159 1195 1254 1230 1278 1373 1424 e 1458 e
97 88 82 100 134 153 167
269 289 297 314 318 328 349 347
700 734 774 801 836 853 896 912

99 117 136 162 170 235 240 248


512 552 488 491 495 556 585 667 647
211 218 247 242 277 298
HEALTH EXPENDITURE
Total expenditure on pharmaceuticals and other medical non-durables, % total expenditure on health, TEH

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 23.6 23.3 22.8 19.1 14.8
Austria
Belgium 28.1 28.3
Canada 12.9 12.0 11.7 11.7 11.7 12.1 11.7 11.7 11.4 11.4 11.3 10.8
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland 17.1 17.1 15.8 15.3 14.8 14.8 14.0 13.4 13.1 12.5 12.6 13.6
France 23.5 24.1 23.8
Germany 16.2 15.5
Greece 25.5
Hungary
Iceland 18.5 19.2 19.9 18.4 18.2 17.7 16.3 17.4 16.7 18.9 17.1 17.3
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg 19.7 19.3
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand 11.4
Norway 9.7 10.0 9.5 8.9 8.7 8.9 8.7 8.6 7.8 7.3
Poland
Portugal 13.4
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden 6.6 6.9
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom 12.9 13.5 15.8 15.1 14.9 14.6 15.2 14.7 14.8
United States 16.1 15.7 15.9 15.2 14.6 14.6 14.2 13.4 13.1 12.6 12.1 11.5
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
d : Differences in methodology
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


n health, TEH

1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986

14.0 14.1 13.6 10.7 9.9 9.3 9.2 8.4 8.8 9.0 8.9 9.2 9.0 9.0 9.0

27.6 27.5 26.8 21.9 18.9 18.3 17.8 17.4 17.4 16.0 15.4 15.6 15.0 15.7 15.7
10.4 10.4 9.5 8.9 b 8.6 8.6 8.5 8.7 8.5 9.0 8.7 8.8 9.1 9.6 10.3

6.0 5.9 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.6 7.0


13.5 12.8 12.4 11.9 12.0 11.9 11.9 11.4 10.7 10.3 9.8 10.0 10.0 9.7 9.6
20.3 16.0 16.2
15.2 14.6 14.2 13.7 13.7 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.5 13.4 13.7 13.8 13.8 13.9
18.8

17.8 16.6 13.8 16.2 14.8 14.6 14.5 13.5 15.9 14.7 15.2 17.4 16.5 16.6 15.8
13.7 13.6 13.5 12.9 12.3 11.0 9.8 10.0 9.5 10.0 9.9 10.4

21.2 19.5 18.0 18.9


25.7 26.2 25.5 25.7 25.2 25.2 25.5
18.8 19.6 19.0 16.6 16.4 15.3 15.2 15.0 14.5 14.4 14.0 13.8 14.2 14.7 15.2

10.3 10.3 9.7 9.3 9.1 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.2 8.9 9.3 9.6
10.6 11.9 10.8 11.4 12.0 12.4 13.3 14.5
6.5 6.4 6.5 6.4 6.1 5.7 5.0 5.3 8.7 8.9 9.1 9.0 9.1 9.1 9.0

19.8 22.9 23.7 19.9 18.2 18.0 19.2 19.9 25.4 22.5

21.0 20.6 21.2 20.0 18.6 20.3 19.0


7.6 8.5 8.3 7.9 7.5 7.2 7.0 6.9 6.5 6.5 6.8 6.9 6.6 7.0 7.2
11.3 11.8
10.7 12.9 11.9 10.9 13.0 11.6
14.4 13.8 13.9 11.8 12.3 12.8 13.0 12.9 12.8 12.7 13.6 13.5 14.3 14.1 14.1
11.0 10.8 10.5 10.0 9.5 9.0 9.0 8.9 8.8 8.6 8.5 8.7 8.8 8.8 8.9
1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

9.0 9.3 9.6 9.9 10.4 10.8 11.3 11.9 12.2 12.4 12.7 13.3 b 13.8
9.9 b 9.8 9.7 9.5 9.3 9.4 9.7 10.9 11.4 12.0
16.0 16.5 16.2 15.5 15.6 16.3 17.4 17.5 16.2 15.5 15.8
10.6 11.0 11.2 11.5 11.8 12.4 13.0 13.2 13.9 14.1 14.8 15.3 15.6

21.0 18.4 21.1 19.4 24.7 25.1 25.0 24.9 22.9 23.0
6.7 7.1 6.8 7.5 8.0 7.9 8.5 8.8 9.1 8.9 9.0 9.0 8.7
9.6 9.5 9.4 9.4 9.9 10.8 12.3 b 13.4 12.7 b 13.2 13.6 14.0 14.8
16.9 17.2 17.1 17.5 17.4 15.0 b 14.8 15.0 15.5 16.0
14.1 14.2 14.3 14.3 14.7 b 13.3 13.0 12.8 13.0 13.1 13.5 13.5
13.3 14.8 13.6 14.3 16.3 17.0 16.6 16.1 15.7 16.1 16.2 13.9 14.4
27.6 26.5 28.4 28.0 25.0 26.0 25.9
14.7 14.2 14.8 13.5 12.3 13.0 12.4 13.1 13.4 14.0 15.1 14.1 13.6
10.8 11.3 12.3 12.2 11.6 11.0 11.4 11.3 11.4 12.1 11.9 12.4 13.2
21.8 22.0 20.3 19.8 20.6 19.7 19.8 20.7 21.1 21.2 21.5 22.1
20.3 20.6 22.3 21.4 22.9 22.0 22.3 21.1 22.3 b 21.6 20.6 18.9 18.4
25.6 25.1 25.4 24.2 25.8 25.4 25.7 25.1 26.1 25.9 25.8 24.6 24.5
14.9 15.5 15.7 14.9 15.0 12.2 b 12.0 b 11.5 12.6 12.3 11.9
18.6 d
10.0 9.9 9.3 9.6 9.6 10.5 11.0 10.9 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.2 b 11.4
14.7 14.2 14.3 13.8 14.1 14.2 14.9 15.8 14.8 14.5 14.4
8.6 6.4 6.7 7.2 7.3 7.5 9.6 8.8 9.0 9.1 9.1 b 8.9 8.9

24.9 22.9 23.9 24.9 24.3 24.7 25.6 25.2 23.6 23.8 23.8 23.4
34.0
18.7 17.8 18.1 17.8 19.2 19.8 20.8 21.0 21.5 b
7.5 6.9 7.9 8.0 8.7 9.7 10.7 11.8 12.3 13.6 12.4 13.6 13.9
10.0 10.4 10.0 10.2 9.8 9.4 9.7 9.8 10.1 b 10.2 10.5 10.4 10.6
12.4 20.4 31.6 26.2
13.6 13.8 13.8 13.5 13.8 14.2 14.8 15.1 15.3 15.6 15.9
9.0 8.9 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.7 9.0 9.5 10.0 10.8

19.5
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

14.8 15.1 14.5 15.0 14.8 14.3 14.3 14.3


12.3 12.5 12.8 13.3 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.3 13.3
17.3 e 17.8 e 17.2 be 16.7 e 16.3 e 16.4 e
15.9 16.2 16.6 17.0 17.3 17.2 17.3 17.2 17.2 e 17.1 e

23.4 b 24.0 23.9 24.2 24.8 24.8 22.8 21.5 20.4


8.8 9.2 9.8 9.1 b 8.7 8.6 8.5 8.6
14.7 15.0 15.2 15.3 15.5 15.5 14.3 14.1 14.4
16.5 16.9 16.8 16.7 16.8 16.7 16.5 16.5 16.4
13.6 14.2 14.4 14.4 13.9 15.1 14.8 15.1 15.1
18.9 b 18.0 18.8 20.4 22.0 21.5 22.7 24.8
28.5 27.6 27.5 28.8 31.1 31.7 31.1 31.6
14.5 14.1 14.0 15.2 b 15.4 14.4 14.2 13.5 13.9
14.1 14.3 14.5 14.9 15.6 16.5 17.4 17.7 17.3
22.0 22.5 22.5 21.8 21.2 20.2 19.8 19.3 18.4 18.3
18.7 18.8 18.4 19.2 19.0 19.8 19.6 20.1
25.9 25.2 25.8 25.8 26.0 25.5 25.4 24.5 23.9
11.0 11.5 10.3 9.7 b 8.9 8.4
19.4 d 19.5 d 21.2 b 25.2 26.1 25.4 26.3 28.2 28.3
11.7 11.7 11.5
10.4 10.4 11.0 e 10.2 9.4
9.5 9.3 9.4 9.2 9.4 9.1 8.7 8.0 7.6 e
28.4 30.3 29.6 28.0 27.2 24.5 22.6
22.4 b 23.0 23.3 21.4 21.8 21.6 21.8
34.0 34.0 37.3 38.5 31.4 31.9 29.7 27.9 28.1
21.3 21.1 21.8 23.2 b 22.7 22.3 21.6 21.0 20.5
13.8 13.9 b 14.0 13.8 13.9 13.7 13.7 13.4 13.2
10.8 10.7 10.4 10.6 10.5 10.6 10.4 10.3
26.6
14.1 b 13.9 13.5 13.5 13.2 12.8 12.3 12.2 11.8
11.3 11.7 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.0 12.2 12.0 11.9

22.3 25.2 26.5 24.0 25.4 23.9 23.5 21.4 20.7

20.9 20.5 20.7 20.6 20.5 19.8 18.7


HEALTH EXPENDITURE
Total expenditure on pharmaceuticals and other medical non-durables, /capita, US$ purchasing power parity

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 21 25 29 33 35
Austria
Belgium 42 47
Canada 16 16 17 18 19 21 22 24 27 30 33 36
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland 11 12 12 12 13 16 17 18 20 21 23 28
France 16 28 46
Germany 43 48
Greece 41 47
Hungary
Iceland 11 11 13 14 16 17 17 20 26 27 30 39
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand 26
Norway 6 7 7 7 8 9 9 11 11 12
Poland
Portugal 6
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden 21 24
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom 13 14 17 18 19 21 23 23 26
United States 24 24 26 27 28 30 32 34 37 40 43 45
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
d : Differences in methodology
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


ing power parity

1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987

35 39 47 47 46 47 50 49 56 65 67 73 76 83 90 93

52 62 69 76 76 85 94 101 111 120 127 137 137 151 162 175


37 39 39 43 b 45 49 53 60 66 80 88 96 107 121 139 150

54 58 65 70 74 82 91 92
31 33 35 41 46 50 54 58 61 66 70 77 82 89 94 102
74 107 167
53 59 68 78 87 92 104 114 129 148 153 165 180 194 201 216
51 52 53 65 67 72 82 85 92 96 85 94 98 107 120 95

43 41 44 60 58 64 78 92 119 129 149 186 175 196 214 225


37 39 42 48 51 56 53 56 56 61 65 68 73

123 156 156 171 195


27 33 36 40 41 45 49 54

32 35 37 41 43 45 49 53 58 64 71 74 82 89 98 108
44 60 61 72 78 83 84 97 112
13 15 17 20 23 24 26 27 58 63 70 76 80 85 96 102

33 44 50 55 59 63 65 69 100 105 123

76 83 94 95 89 100 98 106
28 33 38 42 44 49 52 56 61 68 77 81 83 89 93 102
164 181 166
9 10 10 9 9 10 13
27 29 36 35 39 43 49 53 60 67 76 84 94 97 103 109
48 51 56 60 65 69 76 85 96 108 119 133 147 159 172 186
1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

100 110 119 133 146 161 180 195 212 229 258 b 290 335
161 b 169 179 190 200 210 223 266 298 329 351
196 204 210 232 256 281 288 309 309 324
164 181 199 220 243 261 271 286 291 319 352 376 401

117 99 120 148 201 225 229 230 212 216 230 b
103 101 115 127 132 150 163 170 176 185 196 198 210
106 115 128 149 163 171 b 183 187 b 204 218 232 259 273
244 268 283 306 315 314 b 320 335 358 384 421
236 237 251 290 b 264 276 291 311 316 336 348 362
102 110 121 142 165 179 197 198 209 219 192 211 275 b
159 163 178 198 165 171 176
236 248 225 215 225 223 241 256 276 320 350 375 396
79 89 96 102 111 118 126 136 153 163 183 208 249
247 266 275 291 313 300 303 317 339 366 394 417 454
209 236 240 275 284 306 310 345 b 357 349 330 336 367
64 81 86 99 110 116 123 137 153 161 148 171 213
229 b 229 249 256 284 280
87 d 99 d
115 121 135 146 168 183 186 197 205 210 231 b 249 273
120 129 135 146 155 165 188 184 184 194
80 86 99 111 121 159 154 167 184 213 b 226 246 290

130 139 156 181 196 212 215 239 261 277 283 338 b
204 205
122 138 155 229 247 270 291 311 b 327
99 120 128 137 158 178 196 215 252 234 270 295 316
183 192 208 218 222 234 243 259 b 277 297 309 326 349
32 55 98 115
118 126 130 145 164 178 196 205 224 237 260 b
205 225 251 267 276 288 300 324 353 385 422 480 533

100 116
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

360 370 399 424 426 454 480


362 392 425 442 452 476 503 530
504 e 554 e 543 be 529 e 562 e 604 e
442 479 520 555 593 640 665 701 e 754 e

260 285 324 344 365 346 348 363


232 264 257 b 266 270 287 303
295 325 344 381 402 387 408 435
462 492 500 525 553 565 595 607
397 422 445 438 505 513 545 563
316 370 413 460 505 578 668
277 308 352 375 439 460 434 454
400 442 487 b 513 477 454 448 468
295 341 381 434 482 539 595 656
502 502 494 504 507 527 520 527 528
391 392 428 445 489 506 548
243 261 281 304 332 381 412 430
315 318 346 b 364 338
108 d 124 b 158 180 186 200 232 241
298 325
212 229 266 e 251 254
303 342 354 384 389 390 383 381 e
208 226 239 240 248 257 274
361 387 390 418 454 469
226 272 304 331 363 392 438 489
346 381 468 b 483 507 535 558 596
350 b 379 389 409 406 425 450 457
368 382 401 415 427 432 461

278 296 313 337 345 355 365 368


590 653 710 756 790 845 876 897

131 154 161 193 198 221 234 262

356 362 385 408 420 411 435


HEALTH CARE RESOURCES
Practising physicians, Density per 1 000 population (head counts)
See important note and definition below
1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970
OECD countries
Australia 1.13 1.23 1.22 1.23 1.26 1.24 1.26 1.33
Austria 1.59 1.58 1.57 1.56 1.56 1.56 1.57 1.58 1.60 1.63 1.67
Belgium 1.28 1.35 1.40 1.42 1.44 1.46 1.49 1.52 1.55 1.55
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic 1.79
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary 1.54 1.60 1.66 1.73 1.79 1.86 1.92 2.00 1.92 1.97 2.02
Iceland 1.17 1.18 1.23 1.23 1.23 1.24 1.22 1.21 1.26 1.30 1.43
Ireland
Italy
Japan 1.03 1.03 1.04 1.03 1.04 1.04 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.09
Korea
Luxembourg 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.04 1.04 1.07 1.08 1.13
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway 1.38
Poland 0.98 1.03 1.07 1.15 1.21 1.23 1.28 1.32 1.35 1.38 1.42
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden 1.31
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom 0.85 0.86 0.87 0.87 0.87 0.87 0.88 0.89 0.91 0.93 0.94
United States
Accession countries
Estonia 2.07 2.20 2.24 2.35 2.43 2.52 2.59 2.64 2.67 2.70 2.83
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010

DEFINITION
Practising physicians
Practising physicians provide services directly to patients.
Inclusion
- Persons who have completed studies in medicine at university level (granted by adequate diploma) and who are
- Interns and resident physicians (with adequate diploma and providing services under supervision of other medic
- Salaried and self-employed physicians delivering services irrespectively of the place of service provision
- Foreign physicians licensed to practice and actively practising in the country
Exclusion
- Students who have not yet graduated
- Dentists and stomatologists / dental surgeons
- Physicians working in administration, research and in other posts that exclude direct contact with patients
- Unemployed physicians and retired physicians
- Physicians working abroad
Note: The number should be at the end of the calendar year.

NOTE
Data for some countries (such as Canada) now appear in the category for "professionally active" instead of "pract
1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984

1.26 1.38 1.35 1.42 1.48 1.64 1.65 1.85 1.78 1.85 1.86 1.90 1.95 1.83 b
1.70 1.76 1.81 1.87 1.95 2.01 2.07 2.14 2.21 2.27 2.33 2.42 2.50
1.54 1.64 1.69 1.77 1.89 1.91 2.00 2.15 2.24 2.31 2.43 2.52 2.81 2.75

1.87 1.91 1.94 1.98 2.01 2.05 2.10 2.14 2.19 2.26 2.32 2.38 2.45 2.50
1.77 1.83 2.04 2.11 2.26

2.07 2.11 2.16 2.20 2.24 2.28 2.33 2.38 2.46 2.29 b 2.33 2.39 2.41 2.46
1.48 1.59 1.62 1.73 1.83 1.85 1.91 1.96 2.03 2.14 2.21 2.27 2.30 2.40

1.11 1.11 1.10 1.11 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.18 1.23 1.27 1.32 1.35 1.44
0.50 0.55 0.54 0.57
1.16 1.16 1.17 1.20 1.26 1.26 1.26 1.46 1.58 1.71 1.54 1.66 1.71 1.74

1.97
1.47 1.51 1.55 1.59 1.60 1.62 1.65 1.69 1.74 1.79 1.81 1.85 1.89 1.92

1.39 1.47 1.55 1.62 1.71 1.78 1.87 1.97 2.03 2.20 2.09 2.21 2.32 2.42

1.01 b 1.05 1.08 1.10 1.14 1.16 1.19 1.22 1.29 b 1.32 1.35 1.34 1.40 1.41

2.89 2.96 3.06 3.11 3.17 3.28 3.38 3.48 3.54 3.63 3.71 3.82 3.94 4.01

quate diploma) and who are licensed to practice


er supervision of other medical doctors during their postgraduate internship or residency in a health care facility)
e of service provision

t contact with patients

ally active" instead of "practising".


1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997

1.91 2.01 2.06 2.10 2.14 2.17 2.33 b 2.37 2.39 2.43 2.47 2.39 2.39
2.57 2.67 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.01 3.09 3.21 3.30 3.41 3.51 3.58 3.66
2.84 2.92 3.02 3.10 3.23 3.27 3.33 3.39 3.44 3.51 3.54 3.61 3.68

2.58 2.61 2.62 2.69 2.72 2.71 2.67 2.68 2.86 2.93 3.00 2.98 3.11
2.30 2.34 2.35 2.42 2.45 2.49 2.43 2.59 b 2.61 2.64 2.68 2.69 2.81
2.19 2.26 2.30

2.76 2.84 2.92 3.00 3.06 3.11 3.13

2.63 2.66 2.78 2.80 2.91 2.94 3.03 3.01 2.96 3.00 3.00 3.04 3.08
2.59 2.60 2.70 2.70 2.83 2.85 2.85 2.95 2.95 3.00 3.03 3.12 3.26

1.51 1.58 1.65 1.70 1.77 1.84


0.61 0.65 0.68 0.74 0.80 0.83 0.90 0.97 1.03 1.07 1.12 1.17 1.23
1.81 1.86 1.80 1.90 1.97 2.01 2.02 2.08 2.13 2.16 2.24 2.31 2.40
0.97 1.16 1.32 1.46 1.56 1.65 1.65 1.69

2.21 2.27 2.50 2.57 2.57 2.62 2.71 2.79 2.84 2.52
1.97 2.01 2.06 2.08 2.09 2.15 2.18 2.19 2.23 2.29 2.34 2.37 2.38

2.68 2.91 2.93


2.62 2.77 2.85 2.84 2.85 2.59 2.69 2.73 2.74 2.80 2.89 b 2.89 2.92

1.43 1.44 1.50 b 1.53 1.55 1.62 b 1.63 1.64 1.68 1.70 1.75 1.80 1.85
2.12 2.14 2.19 2.22 2.28

3.34 b 3.39 3.47 3.47 3.48 3.51 3.56 3.28 b 3.20 3.19 3.19 3.14 3.23
3.54 3.76 3.70

care facility)
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

2.39 2.43 2.47 2.54 2.54 2.60 2.68 2.75 2.81 2.97
3.77 3.77 3.85 3.96 4.03 4.12 4.20 4.31 4.44 4.53 4.60 4.68
3.74 3.79 3.86 3.90 3.95 4.00 4.00 4.02 4.02 4.03 2.97 b

3.03 3.08 3.37 b 3.44 3.50 3.52 3.52 3.55 3.56 3.57 3.60
2.87 2.88 2.91 2.94 3.04 3.08 3.22 3.32 3.40 3.42
2.32 2.40 2.50 2.50 2.53 2.56 2.59 2.63 2.68 2.69 2.72

3.17 3.21 3.26 3.31 3.34 3.37 3.39 3.41 3.45 3.50 3.56

3.08 3.10 2.68 be 2.89 e 3.19 b 3.25 3.34 2.78 b 3.04 2.80 b 3.09 b
3.32 3.38 3.44 3.47 3.58 3.62 3.61 3.73 3.68 3.72 3.72

1.89 1.93 1.98 2.03 2.09 2.15


1.27 1.31 1.30 1.39 1.49 1.57 1.57 1.63 1.69 1.74 1.86 1.94
2.44 2.49 2.15 b 2.21 2.26 2.38 2.42 2.41 2.71 b 2.84
1.71 1.72 1.63 1.52 1.54 1.59 1.67 1.80 1.92 1.96 2.00

2.23 2.19 2.13 2.17 2.19 2.11 2.27 2.30 2.46


2.73 2.79 3.22 b 3.28 3.45 3.62 3.79 3.90 4.01
2.35 2.29 2.22 2.27 2.30 2.43 b 2.29 b 2.14 b 2.18 2.19 2.16

3.23 3.22 3.20 3.15 3.15 3.00


2.87 3.08 3.30 3.09 3.03 3.26 3.37 3.77 b 3.63 3.65 3.60 3.65
2.98 3.02 3.08 3.18 3.28 3.36 3.43 3.49 3.58
3.82 3.83

1.90 1.91 1.96 2.01 2.08 2.18 2.31 2.39 2.45 2.52 2.61 2.71
2.25 2.24 2.29 2.35 2.34 2.38 2.39 2.43 2.42 2.43 2.43

3.21 3.26 3.26 3.18 3.15 3.16 3.21 3.18 b 3.20 3.26 3.35
3.71 3.96 3.50 3.24 3.43 3.53 3.50 3.36 3.14 3.48 3.56 3.54
2.19 2.13 2.16 2.18 2.23 2.25 2.30 2.34 2.36 2.39 2.41
e
HEALTH CARE RESOURCES
Professionally active physicians, Density per 1 000 population (head counts)
See important note and definition below
1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada 1.15 1.23 1.25 1.27 1.28 1.30 1.32 1.33 b 1.38 1.43 1.50
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany 2.09
Greece 1.25 1.24 1.27 1.33 1.41 1.41 1.44 1.47 1.51 1.56 1.62 1.69
Hungary
Iceland 1.17 1.18 1.23 1.23 1.23 1.24 1.22 1.21 1.26 1.30 1.43 1.48
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand 1.06 1.06 1.07
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland 1.40 1.40 1.39 1.38 1.39 1.38 1.40 1.41 1.42 1.45 1.49 1.55
Turkey 0.30 0.32 0.38 0.38 0.33 0.35 0.36 0.36 0.38 0.39 0.39 0.46
United Kingdom
United States
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel 1.79 1.92 1.93 1.95 1.97 1.85 1.84 1.85 1.87 1.95 2.05 2.13
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010

DEFINITION
Professionally active physicians
Professionally active physicians include practising physicians and other physicians for whom their medical education
Inclusion
- Physicians who provide services directly to patients
- Physicians working in administration and management positions requiring a medical education
- Physicians conducting research into human disorders and illness and preventive and curative methods
- Physicians participating in the development and implementation of health promotion and public health laws and regu
- Physicians preparing scientific papers and reports
Exclusion
- Dentists and stomatologists/dental surgeons
- Physicians who hold a post / job under which medical education is not required
- Unemployed physicians and retired physicians
- Physician working abroad
Note: The number should be at the end of the calendar year.

NOTE
Data for some countries (such as Canada) now appear in the category for "professionally active" instead of "practising
1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987

1.55 1.60 1.63 1.69 1.71 1.75 1.77 1.78 1.80 1.83 1.89 1.92 1.95 2.01 2.04 2.09

1.99 2.04 2.22 2.28 2.39 2.45 2.49 2.49

2.82 3.26 3.35 3.47


1.73 1.90 2.00 2.04 2.11 2.20 2.26 2.34 2.43 2.54 2.65 2.80 2.85 2.93 3.06 3.33

1.59 1.62 1.73 1.83 1.85 1.91 1.96 2.03 2.14 2.21 2.27 2.30 2.40 2.59 2.60 2.70

1.17 1.18 1.20 1.23 1.28 1.32 1.37 1.40 1.49 1.56

1.15 1.28 1.35 1.38 1.44 1.54 1.58 1.62 1.66 1.66 1.68 1.74 1.83

1.63 1.70 1.79 1.88 1.99 2.09 2.21 2.36 2.47 2.57 2.58 2.60 2.63 2.73 2.82 2.91
0.46 0.49 0.53 0.54 0.56 0.58 0.59 0.60 0.61 0.62 0.66 0.67 0.70 0.73 0.73 0.74

2.28 2.41 2.57 2.61 2.67 2.75 2.83 2.93 3.07 3.14 3.20 3.25 3.31 3.32 3.30 3.31
1.83 1.97 2.03 2.10

their medical education is a prerequisite for the execution of the job.


e methods
blic health laws and regulations

ve" instead of "practising".


1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002

2.60 2.61 2.65 2.67 2.75 2.75

2.10 b 2.12 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.15 2.13 2.11 2.09 2.07 2.09 2.09 2.10 2.10 2.11

2.56 2.60 2.67 2.62 2.84 b 2.87 2.91 2.94 2.95 3.03 3.09 3.12 3.13 3.17 3.24
2.53 2.59 2.63 2.67 2.76 2.86 2.86 2.90
3.06 3.11 3.16 3.18 3.21 3.23 3.25 3.26 3.28 3.28 3.29 3.32 3.34
3.56 3.69 3.76 3.05 3.12 3.20 3.28 3.35 3.41 3.45 3.50 3.55 3.58 3.62 3.65
3.20 3.29 3.38 3.63 3.74 3.83 3.84 3.87 3.88 3.99 4.13 4.24 4.33 4.38 4.58

2.70 2.83 2.85 2.85 2.95 2.95 3.00 3.03 3.12 3.26 3.32 3.38 3.44 3.47 3.58

3.80 3.71 3.89 4.10 4.01 4.11 4.23 4.16 4.37 4.43
1.63 1.70 1.75 1.83 1.90 1.95 2.00 2.04

1.85 1.87 1.87 1.88 1.90 1.92 1.98 2.05 2.05 2.17 2.23 2.25 2.23 2.19 2.13

2.99 2.91 2.57 2.40 2.96 3.32 3.35 3.35 3.33


3.08 3.11 3.07 3.29 3.52 3.39 3.29

2.98 2.92 b 2.98 3.03 3.01 3.06 3.12 3.16 3.21 3.26 3.33 3.36 3.51 b 3.51 3.56
0.79 0.85 0.90 0.95 0.98 1.03 1.09 1.12 1.13 1.15 1.19 1.24 1.04 b 1.07 1.12

2.27 2.30 2.35 2.39 2.44 2.42 2.40 2.45 2.50 2.50

3.31 3.28 3.31 3.50 3.88 3.88 3.87 3.85 3.87 3.89 3.87 3.88 3.89 3.88 3.85
2.12 2.15 2.13 2.15 2.14 2.07 2.22 2.14 2.16 2.25 2.27 2.26 2.26 2.28 2.33
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

2.83 2.89 2.95 3.02 3.19

2.10 2.13 2.15 2.17 2.21 2.27

3.29 3.43 3.54 3.64 3.67


2.93 2.96 3.00 3.03 3.04 3.07 3.10
3.36 3.37 3.37 3.36 3.35 3.34
3.68 3.71 3.73 3.78 3.83 3.89
4.74 4.88 5.00 5.35 5.56 6.02

3.62 3.61 3.73 3.68 3.72 3.72

4.11 4.15 3.79 3.65 3.84 4.19


2.10 2.15 2.22

2.18 2.20 2.12 2.28 2.31 2.47

2.18

3.28 3.32 3.03 b 3.16 3.15 b 3.36 b


3.54 3.66 4.01 b 3.88 3.88 3.88 3.90

3.72 b 3.75 3.80 3.85 3.85 3.88 3.90


1.15 1.22 1.41 1.43 1.47 1.51

2.53 2.54 2.58 2.57 2.57 2.58

3.82 3.78 3.74 3.69 3.65 3.62 3.61


2.34 2.39 2.44 2.45 2.48 2.49
HEALTH CARE RESOURCES
Practising nurses, Density per 1 000 population (head counts)
See important note and definition below
1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece 1.34 1.36 1.36 1.41 1.49
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden 3.09 3.14 2.91 3.02 3.08 3.23 3.27 3.45 3.74 4.11 4.33 4.59
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010

DEFINITION
Practising nurses
Practising nurses provide services directly to patients.
Inclusion
- Professional nurses (see definition below)
- Associate professional nurses (see definition below)
- Foreign nurses licensed to practice and actively practising in the country
Exclusion
- Students who have not yet graduated
- Nursing aids/assistants and personal care workers who do not have any recognised qualification/certification in
- Midwives (unless they work most of the time as nurses)
- Nurses working in administration, management, research and in other posts that exclude direct contact with pati
- Unemployed nurses and retired nurses no longer practising
- Nurses working abroad
Note: The number should be at the end of the calendar year.

NOTE
Data for some countries now appear in the category for "professionally active" instead of "practising".
1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986

10.33 9.91 9.85 9.87 9.91 9.55 10.92

9.60 9.75 9.77 10.26 10.58 10.74 11.00

5.94 6.09 6.26 6.41 6.57 6.75 6.91

1.52 1.61 1.56 1.68 1.72 1.78 1.80 1.91

8.89 9.34 9.97 10.71 11.01 11.10 11.43

4.41 4.49 4.53 4.61 4.66 4.83 4.98

5.28 5.68 5.91 5.98 6.52 6.81 6.72 6.94

7.34 7.63 7.94 8.00 8.10 7.94 8.18


lification/certification in nursing

e direct contact with patients

"practising".
1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998

b 11.37 11.60 11.72 11.63 12.08 11.56 11.08 b 11.47 10.80 10.78 10.36 b 10.24
6.96

11.13 10.96 11.13 11.10 11.23 11.20 11.30 b 11.13 10.89 10.57 10.40 10.18

7.03 7.13 7.24 7.24 7.24 7.29 7.26 7.25 7.40 7.38 7.35 7.35
8.71 8.87 9.07 9.37 9.80 10.54 11.18

5.19 4.87 5.12 5.44 5.44 5.35 5.41 5.33 5.47


11.76 11.87 12.08 12.48 12.50 12.46 12.75 12.86 13.11 13.10 13.12 13.52

2.74 2.77
6.95 7.16 7.32 7.25
1.75 1.89 1.99 2.03 2.09 2.13 2.13 2.11 2.15

5.09 5.12 5.21 5.46 5.35 5.33 5.33 5.45 5.53 5.62 5.67 5.57

2.96 3.49 3.43 3.23


9.26 8.74 8.69 8.58 8.69 9.66 b 9.61 9.57 9.73

8.36 8.34 8.65 7.46 6.55 6.47 b 6.51 6.42 6.43 6.25 6.16 6.13
5.97 5.37 5.03 5.75
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

10.11 10.00 9.88 9.86 9.85 10.11 9.66 10.08


7.03 7.16 7.20 7.12 7.21 7.13 7.17 7.26 7.37 7.52

10.10 10.13 10.00 9.44 b 8.50 b 8.49 8.71 8.82 9.02 9.20

7.38 7.59 b 7.84 7.99 7.98 8.11 b 8.09 8.05 8.01 8.07
11.64 12.37 12.86 13.45 13.58 13.99 14.39 14.48 14.30
13.83 14.88 15.23 15.26 15.47

9.59 9.68 9.80 9.98 10.08 10.22 10.34 10.48 10.68


2.88 3.09 3.46 3.48 3.45 3.49 3.40 3.37 3.41
5.37 5.28 5.52 5.68 5.77 5.78 5.95 6.09 6.12 6.16
13.41 13.26 13.14 13.27 13.65 13.67 14.01 13.69 14.00 14.80

8.38 8.74 9.10 9.54


2.92 2.98 3.20 3.43 3.54 3.80 3.85 3.99 4.16 4.36
7.31 7.38 7.47 7.76 8.94 b 9.09 10.97 b 10.94
2.20 2.24 2.24 2.24 2.19 2.22 2.27 2.29 2.35 2.38
9.52 e 9.58 e 9.74 e 9.97 e 10.19 e 10.33 e 10.43 e 10.18 e 10.51 e
9.03 8.84 9.21 9.74
12.13 12.76 13.24 13.64 13.92 13.94 14.00
5.15 4.96 4.88 4.86 4.75 4.93 b 5.09 b 5.09 5.18 5.19

3.43 3.57 3.69 4.10 4.01 4.15 4.18 4.09 4.37 4.76 5.08
9.84 9.92 10.05 10.27 10.38 10.56 10.69 10.83
12.87 13.22 13.67 14.26 14.13 14.07 14.54 14.71 14.92

8.68 e 8.96 e 9.26 e 9.71 e 9.84 e 9.92 e 9.55 e 9.48 e 9.52 e 9.67

6.04 5.95 5.91 6.11 6.22 6.31 6.32 b 6.27 6.39 6.40
5.64 5.37 5.83 5.87 5.14 5.40 5.47 5.39 5.35 5.13
6.87 7.14 7.17 7.37 7.42 7.47 7.60 7.75 7.90
e
HEALTH CARE RESOURCES
Professionally active nurses, Density per 1 000 population (head counts)
See important note and definition below
1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland 8.89 9.34 9.97 10.71 11.01 11.10 11.43 11.76 11.87 12.08 12.48
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand 6.05 6.39 6.86 7.15 7.93 7.95 8.39 8.75 10.02 9.22
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia 5.09 5.30 5.38 6.10 5.40 5.59

Legend
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010

DEFINITION
Professionally active nurses
Professionally active nurses include practising nurses and other nurses for whom their education is a prerequisite for
Inclusion
- Professional nurses (see definition below)
- Associate professional nurses (see definition below)
- Nurses providing services directly to patients
- Nurses working in administration, management, research and in other posts excluding direct contact with patients
Exclusion
- Nurses who hold a post / job under which nursing education is not required
- Unemployed nurses and retired nurses
- Nurses working abroad
Note: The number should be at the end of the calendar year.

NOTE
Data for some countries now appear in the category for "professionally active" instead of "practising".
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

12.19 12.02 11.88 11.76 11.89 12.12

9.78 9.85

9.20 9.43 9.71 10.06 10.56 11.24 11.92 12.55 13.26 13.84 14.49 14.72 15.12

6.23 6.48 6.68 6.86 7.03 7.21 7.41


10.18 10.32 10.44 10.72 10.89

12.50 12.46 12.75 12.86 13.11 13.10 13.12 13.52 13.41 13.26 13.14 13.27 13.65 13.67
11.50 11.92 12.36 12.87 13.12 13.61 14.00 14.83 15.34 14.82 15.02

8.61 8.98

9.28 8.80 9.36 9.58 9.72 9.73 9.00 9.64 9.59 9.58 9.61 9.40 9.07 9.41

4.97
3.24 3.67 3.84 4.03 4.20 4.36
7.01 6.47 6.01 5.92 7.39 b 7.23 7.42 7.26 6.93 6.53 6.32
3.11 3.68 3.62 3.40 3.64 3.82 3.91 4.43 4.32 4.50

10.37 10.17 10.18 10.18 10.08 10.28

6.03 6.05 6.11 6.09 6.06


6.20 6.17 6.01 6.07 6.46 6.62 6.74 6.80 6.95 7.02 7.28 7.30 7.50 7.53

ucation is a prerequisite for the execution of the job.


rect contact with patients

practising".
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

11.98 12.50

9.94 9.99 10.09 10.32

15.58 15.87 16.12

7.62 7.80 7.66 b 7.93 8.21


11.05 11.22 11.37 11.61

14.01 13.69 14.00 14.80


15.15 15.46 15.50 16.15 15.93

9.35 9.81

9.71 9.52 9.91 10.48

5.09 5.12 5.20 5.20


4.56 4.81 5.10 5.34
6.00 6.04 6.31 6.26
4.55 4.43 4.77 5.17 5.28

1.13 1.28 1.34

10.40 10.50 10.57 10.75

6.02 5.92 5.82 5.72 5.61


7.61 7.73 7.91 8.06
HEALTH CARE RESOURCES
Medical graduates, Per 100 000 population

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991
OECD countries
Australia 9.3 8.6 8.6 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.6 8.1 8.0 7.4 6.2 7.0
Austria 15.0 18.1 19.1 20.3 22.3 20.0 20.4 21.1 20.1 19.6 18.5 16.3
Belgium
Canada 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.1 6.9 7.1 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.3 6.2 6.1
Chile
Czech Republic 14.1 12.7 12.5 12.3 12.8 13.6 10.9 8.9 9.7 9.6 9.0 10.9
Denmark 12.4 13.4 13.5 15.3 14.4 11.1 11.3 11.4 10.0 10.4 9.7 9.6
Finland 13.0 12.5 11.7 10.7 6.3 8.6 8.7 9.6 9.5 10.4 9.3 9.4
France 16.2 15.7 15.1 14.2 15.2 15.0 12.4 12.8 12.2 10.7 9.2 9.2
Germany
Greece 12.4 11.8 9.6 10.0 8.9 8.5
Hungary 9.2 9.4 8.8 9.2 9.1 8.8 8.6 9.4
Iceland 15.8 13.4 17.1 19.4 19.2 21.5 24.7 18.7 20.8 15.8 14.9 10.9
Ireland 13.7 13.5 14.0 13.4 13.2 12.4 12.2 12.5 11.5 12.6 12.2 12.1
Italy 25.3 26.8 24.8 23.1 23.1 20.4 20.2 18.4 16.9
Japan 5.7 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.8 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.6
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands 10.2 10.3 10.1 11.9 12.1 11.0 9.7 8.9
New Zealand 7.3 9.2 9.1 8.8 9.1 7.6 6.9 6.9 7.1 6.9 8.4 7.6
Norway 8.3 8.1 9.1 8.5 8.8 7.7 8.4 7.3 7.9 6.8 6.6 6.5
Poland 9.5 10.0 10.0 9.8 9.9 9.7 9.3 8.6 8.3 8.0 8.6 9.0
Portugal 8.5 9.2 8.3 7.2 6.7 4.8 4.1
Slovak Republic 13.7 14.0 9.2 9.0 8.5 8.9 7.8 8.1 7.6 8.4
Spain 20.7 23.6 27.8 27.2 19.0 20.4 18.2 17.4 14.5 13.8 13.4 13.4
Sweden
Switzerland 13.5 14.1 13.9 13.6 12.9 14.0 13.4 13.8 13.0 11.1 12.2 10.4
Turkey 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.6 4.8 4.3 4.6 5.4 6.1 7.3 8.0 8.1
United Kingdom 8.2 7.8 7.5 6.4 6.1
United States 7.1 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.2 7.0 6.8 6.7
Accession countries
Estonia 18.3 18.0 18.0 18.0 17.1 16.9 18.3 15.7 16.5 10.8 12.7 10.6
Israel 7.9 7.7 6.7 7.2 7.1 5.2 6.0 6.5 6.8 5.9 5.8 4.9
Slovenia 8.1 6.9 6.8 4.6 4.9 7.3 7.0 5.7 7.6 6.1

Legend
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

6.5 7.4 7.4 7.6 8.1 7.4 7.2 7.4 7.3 7.0 b 7.2 7.4 8.6 8.8
15.1 14.3 14.0 13.1 13.8 13.5 15.9 b 14.6 18.9 14.3 24.0 19.7 21.2 20.6
9.8 10.6 11.3 11.6 10.5 11.1 10.1 11.1 10.2 11.5 8.0 7.3
6.2 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 5.3 5.5 5.8

11.3 11.7 13.2 13.5 11.9 11.4 9.3 8.5 7.9 9.0 b 8.3 9.9 10.0 10.4
9.0 7.3 6.8 6.3 7.8 7.1 7.8 8.6 8.4 10.2 11.8 13.2 14.3 15.1
10.4 11.7 13.9 13.9 11.3 10.4 10.7 6.7 7.8 7.2 7.0 8.6 6.6 6.4
9.2 8.3 8.2 7.8 7.9 7.9 6.5 6.6 6.5 6.0 5.3 6.2 5.7 5.5
14.2 13.7 12.5 12.7 11.5 11.4 11.3 11.1 10.8 10.7 10.8 10.7 10.7
13.1 12.5 13.3 12.7 13.4 11.3 11.9 12.7 13.3
9.0 9.5 9.4 9.7 9.8 9.5 7.7 9.1 9.3 10.0 10.2 9.6 11.1 11.4
11.5 16.3 15.4 12.3 13.8 15.5 11.0 13.7 11.7 11.9 13.2 10.4 12.0 14.9
12.2 12.5 12.2 12.9 14.3 14.2 14.0 13.6 14.4 14.3 14.5 15.3 15.8 14.4
15.3 13.7 12.8 12.0 11.5 10.7 11.0 11.9 11.5 11.3 12.2 12.6 11.4 10.9
6.4 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.0 6.1 5.9 5.8 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
7.7 7.5 7.9 8.4 9.3 8.7 9.1

8.0 8.3 8.3 9.1 9.9 9.9 9.8 10.3 8.9 8.9 9.7 10.2 10.5 10.7
7.8 8.0 8.0 7.0 b 7.1 7.0 6.6 7.0 7.4 7.0 7.2 7.5 6.9 7.2
6.6 6.9 7.1 7.3 6.9 7.1 7.4 9.0 9.1 9.2 8.3 10.1 10.1 10.1
9.9 10.5 9.6 10.8 9.6 8.1 6.9 6.0 6.0 6.4 6.6 6.6 6.8 6.2
3.2 3.6 4.1 4.1 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.9 5.8 5.3 5.8 6.6 7.0
8.1 10.8 10.9 12.8 16.9 12.1 11.1 11.0 10.8 9.8 9.9 10.7 10.6 10.3
12.6 11.3 11.8 11.6 10.5 11.0 12.2 10.8 10.5 10.1 9.9 9.5 9.9 9.4
7.7 8.7 8.0 9.7 8.7 9.4 9.1 9.1 8.7 9.3 8.9 8.9
10.2 9.6 9.7 9.7 10.6 10.7 10.9 11.5 10.5 10.8 9.6 8.5 9.1 8.4
8.5 8.2 7.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7 7.6 7.7 7.2 6.9 6.2 6.3 6.2
6.3 6.3 6.4 6.6 6.7 6.9 7.3 7.1 7.5 7.2 7.5 7.8 8.0 8.6
6.6 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.2

11.5 11.4 12.6 12.0 b 12.8 23.8 14.5 11.7 5.0 5.1 11.6 b 13.7 7.8 9.2
5.7 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.8 4.9 4.6 4.6 5.0 4.6 4.5
5.4 6.4 5.5 7.8 7.2 6.0 6.3 6.9 5.3 6.1 7.6 8.2 7.6 8.1
2006 2007 2008 2009

9.1 10.0 11.1


19.4 21.6
6.5 6.9 7.2
6.0 6.2 6.4

10.1 10.7 11.2


15.8 16.0 14.7 15.3
7.5 6.9 10.3
5.3 6.0
10.6 11.6 12.1
14.7 14.3
10.6 10.0 9.6
13.1 11.6 15.3
15.1 16.7 15.8
10.4 11.5 11.5
6.0 6.0 5.8 5.9
8.2 9.0 9.2 8.8

11.2 12.3 12.2


6.9 6.7 7.2 7.8
9.9 10.6 10.4
6.1 6.7 7.2
7.7 9.7 10.4
9.4 9.9 9.0
9.0 8.6 8.9
10.0
7.9 8.1 8.8
6.2 6.6 6.4
9.2 10.3 9.2 9.3
6.2 6.3 6.4

9.5 7.9 8.3


4.4 4.5 4.6 5.0
6.4 6.4 8.6
HEALTH CARE RESOURCES
Nursing graduates, Per 100 000 population

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991
OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic 37.2 39.1 41.4 44.6 40.2 40.8 46.2 40.7 39.3 45.1 45.2 51.5
Denmark 29.6 30.6 30.1 31.5 34.9 35.7 36.2 37.3 38.3 35.8 36.2 35.1
Finland 74.7 68.5 70.3 76.6 69.3 85.6 87.9 97.1 87.5 80.5 60.3 86.4
France 19.7
Germany
Greece
Hungary 79.3 78.1 80.0 43.0 43.2 39.4 49.5 47.3
Iceland
Ireland 62.7 60.7 59.1 53.3 55.6 53.3 51.7 49.3 43.1 43.5 45.0 34.7
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg 29.4 26.3 21.6 20.0 23.8 18.0 18.5 21.8 24.9 16.2 20.4 19.9
Mexico
Netherlands 61.4 58.4 55.4 46.0 59.6 59.8 51.3 51.6
New Zealand
Norway 41.4 41.5 43.7 45.2 47.8 45.3 45.1 44.9 40.9 44.2 49.1 48.6
Poland 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Portugal
Slovak Republic 39.6 39.1 44.9 45.2 43.7 43.1 40.1 42.2 41.0 44.2
Spain 14.0 12.3 10.9 12.2 12.4 12.8 12.9 14.6 14.0 14.9 13.5 14.2
Sweden
Switzerland 47.8 46.9 47.2 47.8 48.9 49.4 49.8 50.4 47.2 46.7 46.0 46.1
Turkey 5.4 4.9 6.0 6.4 3.1 2.6 2.0 2.4 3.3 3.5 4.0 5.0
United Kingdom
United States
Accession countries
Estonia 26.3 26.4 30.8 30.6 29.4 30.6 26.2 30.7 28.8 28.8 30.4 33.4
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

33.3 32.9 37.3 39.2 43.0 46.0 44.7 44.3 43.3 42.0 38.2 37.1

60.6 65.9 71.4 63.1 48.4 42.5 41.7 41.1 15.6 b 44.8 43.0 46.1 49.7 47.5
34.1 48.4 59.9 65.4 84.4 90.2 100.1 104.7 101.1 99.7 103.4 77.2 82.0 78.2
110.7 130.9 133.1 112.6 88.3 90.3 86.0 79.1 69.0 61.6 59.3 51.4 47.8 44.8
21.1 22.4 24.8 22.7 25.5 26.4 24.4 24.6 22.8 22.9 24.8 27.9 31.4 33.4
30.7 31.3 30.8 31.8 28.7 29.4 28.4 28.1 28.4 28.3

54.2 57.5 55.9 52.1 44.5 52.6 51.8 42.8 44.5 46.3 42.2 41.8 43.9 41.8
60.6 71.2 73.0 63.9 57.6 66.3 53.2 57.4 81.7 67.6
42.1 37.1 38.0 38.5 42.4 39.7 36.8 40.2 38.6 26.6 31.4 30.4 44.4 34.5
2.6 3.4 4.3 5.5 5.5 10.0 b 12.2 15.2 15.4
30.1 31.6 33.0 34.4 36.0 37.2 37.5 37.3 37.0 36.4 36.2 36.2 35.1

19.1 11.3 24.5 19.3 30.8 27.3 17.2 27.0 32.4 24.4 21.9 15.9 15.0

52.0 55.8 39.7 44.6 44.2 32.3 33.1 34.2 29.1 36.8 39.6 39.1 36.5 34.1
29.0 30.7 29.8 28.1 26.3 31.2 31.5
47.6 47.8 52.4 60.0 64.9 64.0 65.0 69.3 69.9 73.7 75.8 75.9 75.2 79.0
0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.8 2.4 2.5 4.3 7.1
18.0 17.9 17.0 18.5 18.6 14.1 16.1 16.8 18.7 4.0 b 17.6 21.0 28.0
49.2 56.9 63.9 76.7 65.0 49.8 49.8 55.7 53.8 49.5 51.8 41.2 61.0 32.1 b
13.5 16.2 20.0 20.5 20.5 21.0 20.6 21.5 21.5 21.1 20.3 20.8 20.0 20.0
35.5 35.6 34.6 32.7 33.7 36.3 38.2 42.7 50.5
45.9 47.7 55.4 54.0 54.0 55.9 47.6 54.9 57.3 67.8 59.9 67.8 63.2 61.0
4.3 8.0 12.8 14.6 15.2 16.9 12.2 11.6 2.5 3.2 3.7 4.3 4.6 6.3
24.5 30.4 32.5 33.2

39.8 29.5 24.2 21.2 19.5 16.3 20.9 5.1 b 20.1 24.0 29.8 32.2 28.9 35.9
29.2 26.1 29.4 20.1 18.4 18.9
2006 2007 2008 2009

42.1

49.2 35.9 17.2


80.4 78.9
46.6 49.8 56.2
33.2 34.0 33.6
28.5 26.8 27.1

40.0 36.7 39.1


90.7 71.9 102.4
35.6 32.5 37.0
15.9 17.7 17.1
35.9 36.2 37.4 36.9

15.2 12.7

35.0 36.8 38.0


31.8 28.7 29.1 30.6
77.1 78.5 68.8
18.2 20.8 24.1
32.5 33.4 32.9
69.2 85.6 81.7
19.9 19.5 20.3
49.9
60.8 65.7 b 67.0
7.6 8.2 8.0
34.6 35.6 33.7 be 30.0 e

35.0 44.0 28.1


17.3 16.6 15.3 13.7
HEALTH CARE RESOURCES
Total hospital beds, Per 1 000 population

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 9.7 9.5 9.4 9.4 9.2 9.1 8.9 8.8 8.6 8.4 8.2 8.0
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.4
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy 9.0 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 10.0 10.2 10.5 10.6 10.6
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain 4.7
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States 9.2 8.8 7.9 7.5
Accession countries
Estonia 10.8 10.8 10.9 10.8 10.7 10.8 10.9
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987

7.9 7.9 8.0 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.0 8.0 7.8 7.7 7.4 7.2 6.9 6.2 b 5.8
9.9 9.9 9.8
9.3 9.1 9.0
6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6

10.1 10.1

6.3 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.2

12.0 11.8 11.9


9.1 9.0 8.8 8.6 8.4 8.2 7.9 9.1
10.6 10.5 10.6 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.0 9.8 9.6 9.4 9.1 8.9 8.5 8.3 8.0 7.8

7.3 6.0 5.9 5.7

4.0 4.0 4.0

5.4 4.6 4.5 4.4

7.4 7.2 7.1 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2

10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.3 11.7 12.2 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.3 12.2 12.2 12.1

7.2 6.6 6.6 6.5


1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001

5.4 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9
9.7 9.5 9.3 9.0 8.8 8.7 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.0 7.8
8.4 8.3 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.4 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.7
6.5 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.4 4.7 b 4.6 4.6 4.4 3.9 3.8 3.7

9.9 8.5 8.3 8.0 7.9 7.7 7.8 b 7.8


4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
8.3 8.2 8.1 8.1 7.9 7.8 7.6 7.5 7.5
8.5 8.4 8.2 8.0 7.9
10.1 9.9 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.6 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.0
5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.8
9.3 8.8 8.8 8.0 b 8.1 8.1 8.1 7.9
11.6 10.6 b 10.5 10.0 9.8 9.7 9.3 9.1 9.0
b 8.4 8.2 8.0 8.0 7.6 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.2 5.9
7.5 7.1 7.2 6.8 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.3 6.5 5.9 5.6 4.9 4.7 4.6
15.6 15.5 15.4 15.2 15.1 15.0 14.8 14.7 14.6
2.3 2.5 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.9 4.3 4.7 4.5

1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7

5.4 5.0 4.7 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8

4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
8.3 8.1 8.0 8.0 7.8 7.7
4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6

6.6 6.6 6.3 6.0


2.0 2.1
4.1 4.0
5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5

12.0 11.9 11.6 11.4 9.7 9.6 8.5 8.3 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.2 6.7
5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3
6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.2
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

3.9 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.9


7.8 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.8 7.7
7.6 7.5 7.5 7.4 6.7 b 6.6 6.7 6.7
3.6 3.5 3.4 3.6 b 3.7 3.5

7.8 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.3 7.3


4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
7.4 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.7 6.5
7.7 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9
8.9 8.7 8.6 8.5 8.3 8.2 8.2
4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.8
7.9 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.1 b 7.0
5.8 e
5.8 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.2
4.4 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8
14.4 14.3 14.2 14.1 14.0 13.9 13.8
4.8 5.1 5.4 5.9 6.5 7.3 7.8
6.4 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.8
1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.3

4.3 4.3 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.5


6.7 6.7 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.6 b
3.6 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
7.6 7.2 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.6
3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3

5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.2


2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3
4.0 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 e

6.1 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.7


4.2 4.3 4.2 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
5.1 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8
HEALTH CARE RESOURCES
Curative (acute) care beds, Per 1 000 population

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Austria
Belgium 4.7
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland 4.8
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986

5.9 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.3 b

5.5 5.9 5.9


5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4

8.1 8.2

4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.9


8.5 8.4 8.2 8.1 8.0 7.9 7.7 7.5 7.4 7.1 7.0 6.7

5.4 4.7 4.6


5.6 5.7 5.6
3.1 3.1

3.5 3.4
5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.5

4.2 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1

9.7 9.7 9.7

6.0 5.6 5.5


1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

5.2 4.8 4.4 4.2 4.1 b 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6
7.3 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2
5.6 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.9 b 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.3 3.2

8.1 6.9 6.6 6.3 6.1 5.8 5.7


3.8 3.8 3.6 3.5
3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4
4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
7.5 7.3 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4
3.9 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7
7.1 6.5 6.4 5.9 b 5.9 5.9 5.8
4.9 4.9 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 b
3.4 b 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 2.9 b 2.8 2.8 2.8
6.6 6.4 6.1 6.2 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.8 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.1
12.3 12.2 12.0 11.8 11.5 11.1 10.3 9.6
2.0 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.9

1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.2

4.5 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
5.7 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2
3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
6.2 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.7
3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
4.4 4.3 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4
4.4 4.4 4.1
1.9
3.1
4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.8 b 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9

9.6 9.4 9.4 9.2 9.1 7.6 7.5 6.6 6.6 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.5
2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.5


6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
3.1 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.9 b 2.9 2.7

b 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2


3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0
2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
6.3 6.1 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.7
3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0
5.6 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 4.1 b 4.1

2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7


b 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
9.3 8.9 8.5 8.4 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.1
3.8 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.8 5.1 5.4
5.0 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.5
1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
3.1 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9
2.2
3.1 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.5
5.1 4.7 4.9 b 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.4 b
3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8
5.4 5.4 5.1 4.8 5.0 b 4.9 4.9 4.9
2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6
2.3 b 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.3
2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2
3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.7
2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7

5.1 4.5 4.4 4.3 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.8


2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
4.2 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8
HEALTH CARE RESOURCES
Psychiatric care beds, Per 1 000 population

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Austria
Belgium 2.8
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland 4.3
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987

2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.6

2.5 2.2 2.1 2.1

1.5 1.5
2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.1 b

2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
4.3 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.4 b
1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0

1.9 1.3 1.2 1.2

0.8 0.9 0.9

0.9 0.9 0.8


3.2 2.5 2.3 2.1

1.6 1.9 1.9 1.9

1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8


1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002

0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 b 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
2.1 2.1 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3

1.4 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 b 1.1 1.1


1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7
1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 b
1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9
0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
3.0 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2
0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0


1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4

1.2 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.2

0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
2.0 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 b 0.5
1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
0.1 0.1 0.1
0.9 0.9 0.8
0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6
1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4


0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8
2.5 2.5 2.5 1.8 b 1.8 1.8 1.8
0.3 0.3 0.3 b 0.3 0.3

1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1


0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
0.5 0.5 0.5 b 0.5 0.5 0.5
0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 b 0.3

1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8


0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4

1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9


0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6


1.0 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
HEALTH CARE RESOURCES
Medical technology, Magnetic Resonance Imaging units, total, Per million population

1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
OECD countries
Australia 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 1.2 1.4 1.8
Austria
Belgium
Canada 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.0
Chile
Czech Republic 0.2 0.4 0.6
Denmark
Finland 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.8 2.2 2.4 2.8
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4
Iceland 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8
Ireland
Italy
Japan 6.1 12.5
Korea 1.4 1.8
Luxembourg 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Mexico
Netherlands 0.1 0.3 0.9 1.3 1.8 2.5
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States 11.5
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

2.4 2.9 2.9 3.5 4.5 6.0 3.5 b 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7 4.2 4.8 5.1
7.5 8.5 8.5 11.0 11.0 11.7 13.4 13.6 15.9 16.2 16.8 17.7

1.2 1.4 1.8 2.5 4.2 4.7 4.9 5.7 6.2 6.7

0.7 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.2 2.5 2.8 3.1 3.8 4.4
5.4 8.6 9.1 10.2
3.3 4.3 5.7 6.6 8.3 9.1 9.9 11.0 12.5 13.0 14.0 14.7 15.2 15.3

13.2 16.3 17.9


0.8 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.8 2.0 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.8
3.8 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.2 10.7 14.0 17.4 17.3 20.5 20.3 19.7 19.3
8.0 8.5
4.1 5.8 6.3 7.8 9.1 10.8 11.8 14.0 14.8 18.6 20.0
18.8 23.2 35.3 b 40.1
2.9 3.9 4.7 5.1 5.4 6.8 7.9 9.0 11.1 12.1 13.6 16.0
2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 4.5 11.1 10.9 10.7 10.6 10.4
1.1 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5
3.9 6.2 6.6 7.8 7.6
2.7 2.6 2.6 3.7 8.8

0.9 1.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.7


5.8 8.9
1.1 1.3 2.0 2.0 3.7 4.3 4.5 5.7

0.6 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.5 5.3


4.7 e 5.2 e 4.8 e 4.4 e 5.0 e 5.4 5.6 e
12.3 13.5 15.4 20.1 21.9 26.6 26.5 25.9

2.2 3.7 5.2


0.9 1.1 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.9
2.0 3.0 3.5
2008 2009

5.6 5.9
18.0

5.1
15.4
16.2

19.6 21.8
2.8
18.8 21.9
9.4 12.3 b

43.1
17.6 19.0
12.7
1.5
10.4
9.6 9.7

2.9

6.1

6.9
5.6 e

8.2
1.8 1.8
HEALTH CARE RESOURCES
Medical technology, Computed Tomography scanners, total, Per million population

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991
OECD countries
Australia 0.7 1.0 2.4 4.1 5.6 8.2 9.4 10.5 13.8
Austria
Belgium
Canada 7.1 7.1
Chile
Czech Republic 2.1
Denmark
Finland 1.5 2.3 2.3 2.7 4.7 5.3 6.5 7.1 7.7 7.9 9.8 10.2
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.8 1.3 1.7 1.9 3.0
Iceland 0.0 4.3 8.5 8.4 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.0 7.9 11.8 15.5
Ireland 3.4 4.3
Italy
Japan 14.4 24.3 37.2 55.2
Korea
Luxembourg 2.7 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2
Mexico
Netherlands 2.6 3.1 7.3
New Zealand 3.5
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey 1.6
United Kingdom
United States
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
e : Estimate
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

16.7 18.4 20.5 e 21.8 e 23.2 e 24.0 e 25.4 e 26.1 e 28.8 e 34.1 e 40.2 e
24.2 25.2 26.1 26.0 26.1 26.6 27.1 27.2

7.3 7.5 7.7 8.0 8.2 9.8 10.3

4.7 5.7 6.2 6.7 6.9 7.2 8.1 9.1 9.6 11.4 12.1 12.6
11.4 13.3 13.8 14.5
10.5 11.3 11.8 11.7 12.5 12.5 12.2 12.8 13.5 13.7 13.3 14.0

3.1 3.9 4.2 4.6 4.9 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.7 6.0 6.3 6.5
19.1 19.0 18.8 18.7 14.9 14.8 18.3 21.6 21.3 17.5 20.9 20.7

14.8 18.0 19.0 21.1 23.0 24.0 23.8


63.8 74.7 84.4 92.6
12.2 13.7 15.5 20.1 21.0 23.1 23.0 28.4 27.3 31.0 31.9
22.9 22.6 27.3 26.9 26.6 26.2 25.9 25.6 25.2 24.9 24.7 26.6
2.5 2.9 3.0
7.2 9.0
7.5 9.0 8.9 8.9 8.8 10.6 11.1 11.4

3.5 4.2 4.4 5.2 5.8 6.3

8.7

2.9 4.3 4.4 5.8 7.1 7.5 7.3


4.5 e 5.8 e 7.1 e 6.7 e
24.1 25.1 28.9 29.2

1.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.6 5.5 5.1


2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

45.2 e 51.0 e 56.0 e 38.8 b


29.2 29.6 29.8 29.9 29.9

10.7 11.5 12.0 12.7

12.6 12.3 13.1 12.9 13.5


14.4 14.0 15.8 18.5 21.5 23.7
14.2 14.7 14.8 16.5 20.5

25.2 26.4 28.9 30.7 33.9


6.8 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.1
17.1 23.7 26.3 32.1 31.3 34.5
10.6 12.8 14.3 15.1 15.8
26.0 27.5 30.3 31.0
97.3
31.5 32.3 33.7 37.1 36.8 37.1
28.4 27.9 27.5 27.1 27.6
3.2 3.5 3.5 4.0 4.2
7.1 8.2 8.4 7.8 10.3
12.0 12.3 12.4 14.6

6.9 7.9 9.2 9.7 10.9


26.3 25.8 26.0
10.2 11.3 12.1 13.7 13.7

31.4 32.0 32.8


7.8 7.7 10.2
7.0 e 7.5 7.6 e 7.4 e
32.2 34.0 34.3

7.4 7.4 11.2 14.9


5.3 5.7 5.6 7.2 7.4 8.1
9.0 10.0 10.5 10.9
HEALTH CARE RESOURCES
Medical technology, Mammographs, total, Per million population

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991
OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic 3.8
Denmark
Finland 29.3 28.5
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 8.1 12.0 15.8 15.7 15.5
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

25.1 24.4 24.1

19.1 21.3

4.3 5.4 6.6 8.4 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.7 10.6 12.2 13.2 14.2 13.7 14.1 14.3 13.5
10.0 10.5 10.8
35.7 37.1 37.3 37.6 37.9 38.1 38.8 36.4 37.6 39.6 39.5 37.7 37.7 38.5 34.8

36.5 39.2 42.8


6.8 7.9 9.2 9.4 10.4 11.4 11.8 12.6 13.1 13.4 14.1
19.1 19.0 18.8 18.7 18.6 18.5 18.3 18.0 17.8 17.5 17.4 17.3 17.1 16.9 16.4 16.1
12.6 13.9 14.3
26.9 30.3

13.3 13.5 19.4 24.8 27.2 28.8 34.1 41.9


25.5 25.2 24.8 24.5 24.1 23.8 23.5 23.2 22.9 22.6 22.4 22.1 21.8 21.5 21.2 22.9
2.8 3.4 3.8 4.3 4.6 5.1 5.6
3.9
17.2 19.4 19.3 22.9 25.1 22.3 23.0 27.7

10.1 11.0 12.9 13.6 14.3 15.3 15.9 15.3 16.5


34.7 35.2 35.4
13.0 13.0 13.6 12.8 14.5

32.0
1.9 2.5 3.5 4.5 6.3 6.7 6.5
5.0 5.2 5.2 5.4 5.8 6.1 6.6 7.3 7.9 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.5

16.0 17.0 17.5 18.9


2008 2009

23.3 24.4

13.5
14.4 17.0
31.7

45.0 49.2
14.2
15.7 15.7
14.8 14.7

29.7
47.3 49.9
23.4
6.4

26.7 26.4

13.4

14.1

32.7 33.2
10.2
9.0
40.1
HEALTH CARE RESOURCES
Medical technology, Radiation therapy equipment, total, Per million population

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991
OECD countries
Australia 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.9
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic 5.4
Denmark
Finland 11.3 10.4 9.1 9.7 9.8 10.0 10.0 10.3 10.5 10.3 10.0 9.8
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.7
Iceland 17.5 17.3 17.1 16.9 16.7 16.6 20.6 24.4 28.0 27.7 23.5 19.4
Ireland 1.5
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg 2.7
Mexico
Netherlands 3.4
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey 0.2 0.3
United Kingdom
United States
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

3.4 4.0 4.4 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.4 6.0 b
3.3 3.8 4.1 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.6

5.6 6.4 6.9 6.9 7.1

5.7 4.4 4.2 4.9 6.1 6.5 6.4 6.3 8.5 b 9.1 9.0 9.1 9.3 8.6
5.4 5.4 6.0 6.3 5.9 6.6
9.1 8.7 8.8 8.6 9.0 8.6 8.9 8.9 8.7 8.7 8.8 9.0 8.8 8.8

5.3
1.7 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.7
15.3 15.2 15.0 15.0 14.9 14.8 14.6 14.4 14.2 14.0 13.9 13.8 13.7 13.5
7.0
2.4 3.1 3.7 3.7 4.0 4.5 4.7 4.6 4.9
6.6 6.8
4.5 4.5 4.0 4.1 3.5 3.8 3.8 4.9 5.3 4.8 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.5
4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3
6.5 6.7 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.2
7.2 7.9 8.7 8.1 9.9 8.1 7.2 7.6

6.0
7.1 9.3 9.8

0.6 0.8 1.2 1.4 1.8 2.7


3.9 e 3.8 e 3.9 e 4.1 e

1.5
0.9 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.7
4.5 3.5
2006 2007 2008 2009

6.1 7.8 8.8


4.8 4.8 5.0

9.0 8.8 8.6


7.7 7.9 11.7 b 12.7
8.9 8.7 8.7 8.8

5.3 5.4 5.5 5.7


2.8 3.4 3.4
13.1 12.8 12.5 12.5
8.0 8.8 8.9 8.8
5.4 5.9

4.7 5.1 4.4 4.6


4.2 4.2 4.2
1.3 1.4 1.3

6.7 7.5 8.3

7.0 4.0 2.7


6.2 10.0
10.2 12.8 13.2

16.3 16.6 16.9


1.5
4.0 e 4.1 e 4.9 e

1.5 3.0 2.2


0.7 0.4 0.4 0.4
4.5 5.0
HEALTH CARE ACTIVITIES
Doctors consultations, Number per capita

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.3
Austria 4.3 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.2
Belgium 5.4 5.6 5.6 5.8 6.0 6.0
Canada 4.0
Chile
Czech Republic 9.3 9.8 9.9 10.4
Denmark
Finland 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.7
France
Germany
Greece 5.2 5.3 5.8 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.3
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands 4.2 4.2 4.2
New Zealand
Norway
Poland 3.3 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.4
Portugal 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 2.0 2.6
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden 1.9
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987

3.3 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.5 4.5 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.5 5.7
5.2 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.6
6.2 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.4 6.7 6.7 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.4
4.3 4.4 4.6 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.6

10.5 11.0 11.4 11.7 11.8 12.0 12.0 12.2 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.8 12.9 12.9 13.2 12.9
4.5 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.5 5.2
2.8 2.8 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.6
4.2 4.4 4.6 4.8 4.8 5.2 5.4 5.4

6.4 6.4 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.0 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.9 5.8 5.1 4.8

13.5 13.6 13.8

1.3 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7


4.9 5.3 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.1 5.5
3.7 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.8

5.7 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.5 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.3
2.5 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.4 2.4

6.5
1.9 1.9 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
5.0 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.7 5.0 5.0 5.2 4.8 5.3 5.6 5.1 5.1 6.1 6.6
1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002

5.9 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.6 6.8 6.5 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.2
5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.5 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
7.5 7.6 7.7 7.9 8.0 8.0 7.8 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.8
6.6 6.8 6.7 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1

12.9 12.7 11.8 11.5 11.0 11.3 12.4 12.5 13.2 12.9 12.4 12.3 12.6 12.7 12.9
5.7 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.7 6.7 b 6.8 6.6 7.4 b 7.6 7.6
3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2
5.6 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.9 b 7.6 b 7.5
5.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.4 6.7 6.9 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.5 7.6
4.7 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.0 4.0
10.3 10.4 10.6 11.5 10.6 10.9 11.1 11.3 11.9
5.1 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.1

6.8 6.6 6.0 6.1


13.9 13.8 13.8 14.2 14.5 14.4 14.7 14.6 14.8 14.3 14.5 14.5 14.4 14.5 14.1
8.8 10.6
6.1 6.1 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.2
1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
5.2 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.9 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.6

6.2 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6
2.7 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.7
11.0 12.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 13.0 13.0
8.3 7.8 8.2 8.7
2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.0
3.4
1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.5 2.6 2.6
5.1 5.6 6.1 5.6 6.1 6.6 6.1 6.1 6.1 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.7
3.3 3.7 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.1 4.1

6.3 6.2 6.1


6.8 7.1
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

6.0 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.4


6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.9
7.8 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.6
6.1 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7

13.0 13.1 13.2 13.0 12.6 11.4


7.9 8.1 8.3 8.5 8.7 8.9
4.2 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.3
7.4 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.0 6.9
7.6 7.0 7.5 7.4 7.5 7.8
4.2 4.2 3.9 4.0
12.2 12.6 12.9 12.9 10.8 11.3
6.2 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.4

7.0
13.8 13.8 13.7 13.6 13.4
11.8 13.0
6.3 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.1
2.5 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.8
5.5 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.9
4.0 4.3

6.1 b 6.2 6.3 6.6 6.8 6.8


3.7 3.8 3.9 3.9 4.1
12.4 11.9 11.3 11.2 12.1
9.5 8.1
2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
4.0
2.8 3.1 4.1 4.6 5.4 6.3
5.2 5.3 5.0 5.1 5.0 5.9
3.9 3.8 4.0 3.8 4.0

6.2 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.6 6.5


6.2
6.6 6.7 6.7
HEALTH CARE ACTIVITIES
Immunisation: Measles, % of children immunised

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991
OECD countries
Australia 68.4 80.7 83.9
Austria 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0
Belgium 75.0 75.0 85.0 67.0
Canada 70.0 85.0
Chile 97.0 99.0
Czech Republic 98.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 99.0 98.0 98.0
Denmark 82.0 81.0 84.0 86.0
Finland 70.0 81.0 87.0 87.0 97.0
France 58.0 71.0 77.0
Germany
Greece 75.0 77.0 81.0 82.0 76.0 76.0 72.0
Hungary 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 100.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.9
Iceland 96.0 96.0 95.0 95.0 99.0 99.0 98.0
Ireland 63.0 68.0 78.0 78.0 78.0
Italy 41.0 43.0 50.0
Japan 54.0 64.0 66.0 70.0 73.0 66.0 70.0 77.0 75.0 77.0 66.0 71.0
Korea 85.1
Luxembourg 40.0
Mexico 64.0 60.0 54.0 70.0 85.0 75.3 89.2
Netherlands 91.0 91.0 91.0 92.0 92.0 93.0 93.0 93.0 94.0 94.0 94.0
New Zealand
Norway 80.0 80.0 90.0 87.0 87.0 87.0 84.0 87.0 94.0
Poland 93.0 93.0 94.0 94.0 92.0 92.0 94.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 94.0
Portugal 54.0 49.0 46.0 48.0 48.0 70.0 75.0 81.0 84.0 96.0 85.0 96.0
Slovak Republic 98.5 98.9 98.6 98.8 98.8 98.8 97.9 97.7 99.2 98.9 98.5 98.0
Spain 76.0 80.0 83.0 88.0 97.0 99.0 85.0
Sweden 93.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 95.0 95.0 96.0 96.0
Switzerland 50.0 70.0 70.0 80.0 80.0 83.0
Turkey 50.0 59.0 67.0 68.0 73.0
United Kingdom 53.0 55.0 58.0 60.0 63.0 68.0 71.0 76.0 80.0 84.0 87.0 90.0
United States 82.0
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel 81.0 94.0 89.0 88.0 85.0 85.0 88.0 89.0 90.0 88.0 91.0 94.0
Slovenia 85.0 90.0 83.0 87.0 90.0 89.0 88.0 91.0 91.0 90.0 92.0 90.0

Legend
b : Break in series
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

86.8 83.2 87.8 91.0 93.0 93.2 94.1 93.5 93.4 94.0
60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 87.0 90.0 85.0 80.0 75.0 79.0 78.0 79.0 74.0 75.0 80.0
87.0 70.0 78.0 85.0 73.0 76.0 80.0 82.0 82.0 82.0 82.0 82.0 82.0 88.0 92.0
96.1 97.2 96.2 97.0 96.0 96.2 94.5 b 94.0 92.7
89.0 94.0 96.0 97.0 93.0 96.0 98.0 94.0 97.0 96.0 95.0 96.0 94.0 90.0 91.0
97.0 98.0 97.0 96.0 97.0 96.0 95.0 96.0 97.1 97.4 97.4 99.1 96.9 96.6 97.0
85.0 81.0 88.0 88.0 85.0 84.0 91.0 92.0 99.0 94.0 99.0 96.0 96.0 95.0 90.0
99.0 99.0 99.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 96.0 97.0 98.0 97.0 97.0
75.5 78.0 80.0 82.6 84.0 83.3 82.5 82.7 84.1 84.6 85.9 86.5 87.1
86.6 87.7 88.7 90.0 91.1 91.4 91.3 92.5 93.3 94.0 94.5
72.0 72.0 70.0 70.0 90.0 90.0 89.0 88.0 88.0 88.0 88.0 88.0 88.0
99.8 99.9 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.7 99.9 99.8 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.8 99.9
98.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.9 90.0 91.0 93.0 93.0 94.0 94.0 94.0
78.0 78.0 78.0 77.0 77.0 77.0 77.0 77.0 79.0 73.0 73.0 78.0 81.0 84.0 86.0
50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 55.0 57.0 55.0 70.0 74.1 76.9 80.8 83.9 85.7 87.3 88.3
69.0 68.0 75.0 93.0 94.0 94.0 92.0 97.0 98.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 94.0 98.0 88.0
94.3 90.2
91.0 95.3
88.2 79.0 90.0 89.9 93.0 90.5 95.7 94.0 95.9 95.2 95.7 96.4 96.4 96.0 96.0
94.0 95.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 96.0 96.0 96.0 96.0 95.6 95.4 95.2 95.8 96.3 95.4
82.0 85.0 85.0 85.0 85.0 85.0 82.0
96.0 93.0 94.0 92.0 92.0 93.0 93.0 93.0 92.0 93.0 88.0 84.0 88.0 90.0 92.0
95.0 95.0 96.0 96.0 97.0 97.0 97.0 97.0 97.0 97.0 98.0 97.0 97.0 98.0 99.0
99.0 95.0 91.0 96.9 97.3 96.0 100.0 98.8 81.7 87.5 91.9 96.3 94.8 92.7 97.0
96.0 96.0 97.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.1 99.3 99.2 99.1 99.4 99.3 99.6 99.5 99.4
83.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 93.0 93.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 97.0 98.0 97.3 96.8 96.9
96.0 97.0 97.0 97.0 96.0 96.0 94.0 89.0 91.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 95.0 95.0
83.0 83.0 82.0 82.0 82.0 82.0 81.0 81.0 82.0 82.0 82.0 82.0 82.0 86.0 87.0
74.0 72.0 76.0 65.0 84.0 76.0 78.0 80.0 81.0 84.0 82.0 75.0 81.0 91.0 98.0
92.0 92.0 92.0 92.0 91.6 91.0 88.6 88.0 88.0 84.7 84.5 82.3 80.7 83.8 84.9
82.5 84.1 89.0 89.8 90.6 90.4 92.0 91.5 90.5 91.4 91.6 93.0 93.0 91.5 92.3

92.2 93.4 94.7 95.2 95.3 95.5 95.9 96.1


96.0 95.0 94.0 95.0 94.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 92.0 90.0 93.0 95.0 94.0 96.0
90.0 89.0 90.0 92.0 91.0 95.0 92.0 96.0 95.0 94.0 93.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 96.0
2007 2008 2009

94.0 94.2 94.0


79.0 83.0
93.0 93.0

92.0 96.0
97.8 97.9
89.0
97.5 98.7
87.0 87.0
95.4
98.9
99.9 99.9
94.0 94.0
87.0 89.0
89.6 89.5
95.0
92.0 92.0
96.2
96.0 91.9
95.9 96.0 96.2
82.0 86.0 89.0
92.0 93.0
98.0
95.5 96.6
99.5 99.5 99.5
97.2 97.6
96.0 96.0
87.0 90.0 90.0
96.0 97.0
86.2 85.9 87.0
92.3 92.1

95.5 95.4 95.2


96.0 e 96.0 e
96.0 96.0
HEALTH CARE ACTIVITIES
Immunisation: Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, % of children immunised

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991
OECD countries
Australia 75.0 71.0
Austria 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0
Belgium 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 94.0 93.0 92.0
Canada
Chile 95.0 94.0
Czech Republic 97.0 98.0 99.0 98.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.1 99.2 99.3
Denmark 85.0 85.0 85.0 94.0 94.0 92.0 89.0 88.0 88.0 95.0 95.0 99.0
Finland 92.0 94.0 94.0 92.0 89.0 91.0 91.0 90.0 94.0 95.0
France 79.0 90.0 94.0 96.0 79.0 95.0 95.0 95.0
Germany
Greece 80.0 82.0 83.0 85.0
Hungary 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 100.0 99.0 99.9 99.8 99.8
Iceland 99.0 99.0 98.0 94.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 98.0
Ireland 65.0 65.0 67.0
Italy 88.0 85.0 85.0 83.0 95.0
Japan 63.0 79.0 83.0 84.0 84.0 81.0 86.0 87.0 85.0 87.0 87.0 93.0
Korea 90.7
Luxembourg 90.0
Mexico 44.0 43.0 40.0 41.0 52.0 40.0 62.0 60.0 65.0 52.9 87.8
Netherlands 94.5 94.5 94.8 95.0 95.1 93.8 94.1 94.2 93.3 94.0 97.1 96.9
New Zealand
Norway 90.0 90.0 85.0 83.0 80.0 83.0 83.0 86.0 96.0
Poland 96.0 96.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 94.0 95.0 96.0 96.0 96.0 96.0 95.0
Portugal 73.0 75.0 78.0 79.0 78.0 72.0 81.0 83.0 81.0 88.0 97.0 96.0
Slovak Republic 98.9 98.9 98.2 99.2 99.0 98.3 99.0 99.1 99.0 100.0
Spain 88.0 77.0 93.0 93.0 93.0 86.0
Sweden 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0
Switzerland 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0
Turkey 42.0 64.0 58.0 56.0 71.0 68.0 74.0 74.0 81.0
United Kingdom 57.0 58.0 59.0 59.0 60.0 60.0 61.0 62.0 62.0 67.0 81.0 91.0
United States 65.7 65.7 64.9
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel 82.0 83.0 78.0 78.0 84.0 87.0 84.0 85.0 86.0 92.0 91.0 93.0
Slovenia 89.0 90.0 88.0 87.0 88.0 92.0 94.0 96.0 97.0 96.0 96.0 96.0

Legend
e : Estimate
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

86.0 86.5 87.6 89.8 91.7 91.8 92.2 92.3 92.3 92.2
90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 87.0 84.0 81.0 84.0 83.0 84.0 83.0 86.0 83.0
95.0 97.0 96.0 94.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 97.0 98.5
84.7 84.0 84.4 87.1 86.8 84.2 76.8 b 78.0
90.0 90.0 94.0 94.0 91.0 90.0 90.0 95.0 91.0 97.0 97.0 96.0 93.0 91.0 94.0
99.2 99.0 98.0 96.0 97.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 98.4 99.2 99.2 98.6 99.4 98.7 99.0
98.0 95.0 99.0 97.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 97.0 97.0 98.0 96.0 95.0 93.0 93.0
99.0 99.0 99.0 100.0 100.0 98.0 98.0 95.0 96.0 97.0 97.0 97.0
95.5 95.0 97.0 97.1 97.0 97.6 97.3 97.7 98.1 98.1 98.3 97.2 98.0
94.1 95.4 96.8 96.9 97.6 96.5 96.8 97.5 97.7 97.8 97.4
89.0 89.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 89.0 88.0 88.0 88.0 88.0 88.0 88.0 90.0 b
99.9 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.7 99.8 99.8 98.8 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.8
98.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.9 98.0 98.0 97.0 97.0 97.0 97.0 97.0
68.0 70.0 71.0 73.0 74.0 76.0 84.0 86.0 86.0 84.0 83.0 86.0 89.0 90.0 91.0
95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 96.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.3 95.9 96.8 96.6 96.6 96.2 96.6
89.0 85.0 85.0 100.0 100.0 97.0 94.0 99.0 95.0 98.0 97.0 100.0 93.0 100.0 91.0
99.5 100.0 98.7 97.0 99.0 97.0 97.0 88.0 96.0 98.0
89.0 94.9
89.6 82.1 90.9 91.5 94.5 95.1 96.1 95.6 97.4 97.1 97.4 97.9 98.1 98.0 98.0
97.0 97.5 97.2 97.0 96.9 97.4 97.2 97.0 97.0 95.3 95.2 95.1 95.3 95.8 94.3
80.6 88.8 88.7 90.6 87.3 88.4 88.7 90.0 e 84.7
98.0 94.0 93.0 97.0 97.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 91.0 90.0 91.0 91.0 94.0
95.0 95.0 96.0 96.0 97.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0
94.0 93.0 97.0 94.9 94.4 97.1 97.5 94.3 92.9 98.4 93.8 98.6 97.8 93.3 97.0
99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.1 99.1 98.3 99.4 99.3 99.3 99.3 99.2 99.0
83.8 87.3 87.6 90.2 90.0 94.0 95.0 95.1 95.0 96.3 98.0 98.0 96.6 96.2 97.6
99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 98.0 98.0 98.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0 99.0
95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 96.0 96.0
78.0 76.0 81.0 67.0 84.0 79.0 79.0 79.0 80.0 83.0 78.0 68.0 85.0 90.0 90.0
93.0 92.0 92.0 93.0 93.2 92.9 92.4 92.4 91.8 91.3 91.3 91.3 91.5 91.4 94.5
72.1 76.0 78.4 81.1 81.5 83.9 83.3 81.7 82.1 81.6 84.8 85.5 85.7 85.2

95.3 96.2 96.7 97.6 97.5 97.3 97.3 97.4


93.0 94.0 92.0 91.0 92.0 91.0 92.0 91.0 93.0 95.0 95.0 96.0 97.0 93.0 95.0
96.0 97.0 96.0 97.0 97.0 92.0 90.0 92.0 91.0 92.0 93.0 95.0 94.0 95.0 97.0
2007 2008 2009

91.9 91.8 91.7


85.0 83.0
98.7 98.7

96.0 98.0
99.6 99.6
75.0
97.4 97.4
98.0 98.0
97.3

99.9 99.9
97.0 97.0
92.0 93.0
96.7 96.7
93.0
91.0 94.0
96.5
98.0 94.6
94.0 94.5 95.2
87.0 89.0 92.0
93.0 94.0
99.0
96.5 96.8
99.4 99.4 99.2
96.4 96.7
99.0 98.0
96.0 96.0 96.0
96.0 96.0
94.0 94.6 95.0
84.5 84.6

96.6 96.1 96.0


95.0 e 95.0 e
97.0 97.0
HEALTH CARE ACTIVITIES
Immunisation: Influenza, % of population 65 years and over

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
OECD countries
Australia 69.0 74.0 78.0
Austria 23.7
Belgium 48.0 58.0
Canada 47.9 63.0
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland 25.0
France 56.0 61.0 65.0 60.0 59.0 56.0 55.0 61.0 58.0 65.0 65.0
Germany 44.6 55.8
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy 40.7 50.7 55.2
Japan 28.0
Korea
Luxembourg 42.8
Mexico
Netherlands 28.0 31.0 37.0 39.0 42.0 54.0 67.0 72.0 72.0 76.0 76.0
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal 31.3 39.0 41.9
Slovak Republic 20.7 31.5
Spain 62.7 66.8 63.5 59.8 61.5 61.9
Sweden
Switzerland 41.0 46.0 51.0 54.0
Turkey
United Kingdom 65.0 68.0
United States 42.3 52.3 55.6 58.8 63.2 63.3 65.7 64.4 63.1
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel 44.7
Slovenia 35.0 29.0

Legend
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

76.9 76.9 79.1 77.5


36.1
65.0
62.4 66.5 64.3 66.6

16.5 21.2
7.0 20.1 30.9 34.4 33.8 41.4 62.5
43.0 45.0 46.0 52.0 46.0 48.4 51.0
67.0 65.0 68.0 68.0 68.0 69.0 70.0
48.0 63.0 60.0 56.0

36.8 38.9 37.9 37.1 34.0 34.2 37.8

62.2 61.4 63.0 60.6 61.7 70.1


60.3 63.4 66.6 68.3 66.6 64.9 66.2
35.0 43.0 48.0 49.0 48.0 53.0
75.7 77.2 70.2 73.6
46.0 49.1 51.0 55.4 52.0 54.1
51.1 34.6 76.1
78.0 77.0 73.0 77.0 75.0 77.0
62.0 51.0 49.2 b 60.6 63.6 63.7 63.7 66.4

36.9 46.9 39.0 41.6 50.4


37.9 22.9 29.3 25.7 33.4 35.5
67.2 68.0 68.6 70.1 67.6 62.3 65.4
57.0
55.0 58.0 57.0 59.0 61.0 56.0

69.0 71.0 71.0 75.0 75.1 73.5 75.1 73.3


65.7 65.5 64.6 59.7 64.3 66.7 66.9

1.1
50.7 44.4 56.0 56.8
26.0 33.0 30.0 35.0 28.0 26.0 26.0
HEALTH CARE ACTIVITIES
Diagnostic exams, Magnetic Resonance Imaging exams, in hospitals, Per 1 000 population

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003


OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark 20.9
Finland
France 11.4 14.1 14.6
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand 0.3 d 0.5 d 0.7 d 0.9 d 1.2 d 1.6 d 1.8 d 2.0 d 2.3
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain 6.8 8.1 9.8 13.3 15.1 17.8 22.6 25.5
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom 7.2 8.1 9.7 10.7 11.9 12.8 14.3 15.8 17.2
United States 19.2 20.8 23.1 25.0 28.7 32.2 35.8 43.1 43.4
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
d : Differences in methodology

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

1.2 d
27.5 29.8 31.9

13.7 16.6 18.5 21.2 24.2


23.5 27.0 32.5 36.0 37.8

17.0 18.6 19.9 23.1 24.5


12.2 13.5 14.5 15.5

40.0
16.6 d

2.6 4.5 5.4 6.2 6.3

37.3
d 2.5 d 2.8 d 2.9 d 3.0 d 3.2 d 3.3 d

28.2 30.6 32.9 35.4 40.1

56.6
18.9 22.2 24.8 29.5 34.1
44.7 46.0 48.9 49.4

18.7
0.8 0.9
0.4 1.3 1.4 2.5 3.4
HEALTH CARE ACTIVITIES
Diagnostic exams, Magnetic Resonance Imaging exams, in ambulatory care, Per 1 000 population

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Finland
France 18.3
Germany
Greece
Hungary 28.7
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea 2.0 4.6
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States 15.0 15.6 16.9 18.1 20.8 23.7 27.4 33.0 39.9 39.6 39.5 40.2
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
d : Differences in methodology

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


2007 2008 2009

20.2 d

0.0 0.0

21.2 24.0

27.9 30.7
32.3

5.8 6.4 6.9

1.5

41.8

17.7
11.8 13.8
HEALTH CARE ACTIVITIES
Diagnostic exams, Magnetic Resonance Imaging exams, total, Per 1 000 population

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium 21.5 31.9 35.4 39.6 43.0 43.9 46.0
Canada 22.9 26.4 29.9 31.2
Chile
Czech Republic 16.5 18.8 21.8
Denmark 20.9 23.5 27.0 32.5
Finland
France 38.2
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland 57.1
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea 4.6 9.1
Luxembourg 22.3 35.5 54.8 57.5 61.2
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic 2.5 2.4 3.5 2.3 3.1 3.5 3.5 5.2 7.9 9.8 13.2
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States 34.2 36.4 40.0 43.1 49.5 56.0 63.1 76.1 83.3 84.2 85.5 89.0
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
d : Differences in methodology

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


2007 2008 2009

20.1 d 21.4 d

48.0 53.7

24.5 27.8
36.0 37.8

44.2 48.5

98.1

64.7 72.3

11.2 12.7 13.2


62.8

38.8

20.7 24.2

91.2

36.5
12.6 14.7
HEALTH CARE ACTIVITIES
Diagnostic exams, Computed Tomography exams, in hospitals, Per 1 000 population

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998


OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand 0.3 d 0.4 d 0.5 d 0.9 d 2.0 d 3.8 d 6.1 d 6.9 d 8.1 d
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain 34.9 39.2 43.2
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom 21.7 24.1 25.7
United States 69.1 73.1 79.2 81.9
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
d : Differences in methodology

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

7.1 d
86.1 85.6 88.3

64.3 69.0 69.4 72.0 79.9


43.2 49.4 55.7 63.2 73.6 83.8

56.7 61.7 65.3 68.7 67.9 71.0 76.6 82.9


36.0 38.9 42.0 45.2

100.0
71.7 d

18.3 21.8 26.1 29.9 33.5

60.1
9.4 d 11.3 d 12.4 d 12.9 d 13.6 d 14.6 d 16.1 d 17.2 d 18.1 d 20.1 d 21.3 d

48.0 51.9 56.3 60.9 62.4 65.2 66.8 70.2 73.2 79.0

85.7
27.7 30.2 32.9 35.6 40.0 42.7 49.2 53.7 60.4 66.3
92.5 102.8 116.1 131.6 142.5 151.1 159.5 170.7 184.7

136.3
56.4 47.7
6.0 9.6 10.8 11.2 11.6
HEALTH CARE ACTIVITIES
Diagnostic exams, Computed Tomography exams, in ambulatory care, Per 1 000 population

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Finland
France 40.1
Germany
Greece
Hungary 40.2 47.6 55.0 60.2 59.1 62.4 59.3
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea 27.6 34.7
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States 9.8 10.8 12.8 13.4 17.2 20.9 22.8 26.1 30.0 32.7 35.1 36.8
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
d : Differences in methodology

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


2007 2008 2009

86.6 d

0.0 0.0

43.7 47.1

58.8 69.7
64.0

43.0 50.5 59.1

0.1

43.1

3.0
63.0 72.2
HEALTH CARE ACTIVITIES
Diagnostic exams, Computed Tomography exams, total, Per 1 000 population

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium 122.2 114.7 124.5 118.1 126.3 138.6 146.2 155.7
Canada 88.3 89.7 98.7 103.5
Chile
Czech Republic 66.9 70.5 72.3
Denmark 43.2 49.4 55.7 63.2
Finland
France 111.1
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland 130.9
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea 45.9 56.5
Luxembourg 128.1 136.8 150.5 157.9 165.6
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic 27.7 31.0 30.8 29.3 31.9 36.7 37.7 41.6 46.4 46.0 56.9
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States 78.9 83.9 92.1 95.3 109.7 123.7 138.9 157.7 172.5 183.8 194.7 207.5
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
d : Differences in methodology

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


2007 2008 2009

88.3 d 93.7 d

167.6 182.6

75.1 83.3
73.6 83.8

120.4 130.0

320.9

144.8 164.0

69.1 80.4 92.6


175.5

60.3

68.9 82.7

227.8

139.4
119.4 119.9
HEALTH CARE ACTIVITIES
Discharge rates by diagnostic categories, All causes, Per 100 000 population

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
OECD countries
Australia
Austria 20880
Belgium
Canada 14366 14187 14180 14157 14091 13975 13949 13813 13444 13109
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland 21029 21892 21944
France
Germany
Greece 11763 11763 11863 11923 12002 11904 12057 12044 12345 12581
Hungary
Iceland 17607
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea 5534
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands 11156 11141 11178 11169 10907 10769 10503 10242 10206 10326
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain 8728 8780 8904 9044 9118 9149 9051 9276 9424 9524
Sweden 18385 18425 18008
Switzerland
Turkey 3901 4137 4067 4345 4736 4773 5180 5445 5439 5666
United Kingdom
United States
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001

16483 16336 16482 16093 16122 15969 15824 15812 15707


21268 21314 21210 21309 21944 22128 22428 23354 24077 24519 24664 24975
15720 15640 15884 15797 15456 15568 16268 17773 b 17721
12899 12750 12294 11997 11584 b 11047 10414 10112 9910 9685 9401 9083

20568 19123 b
17228 17190
21743 21906 22762 23686 24321 24567 26864 b 26745 26807 26719 26662 21349 b
25307 25624 25909 26124 26104
17750 18159 18551 18843 19427 19730 19547 20035
12599 13137 13604 13771 13422 14078 14086 14410 14959 15415 16076 16469

17642 17866 18342 18338 17827 18117 20720 18193 17867


11975 11940 11792 11570 11393 13863 b 14096
15353 15865 16503 16303 15700 15902 b
9682 10009 10434
6536 7159 7710 8593 9593
17693 18185 18075 17784
4812 4708 4795 4802 4852 5177 5152
10212 10178 10221 10228 10359 10230 10194 10074 9829 9587 9266 9125
14063 14387
14542 14384 14544 15048 15401 15619 15408 15984

8740 8622 8586


18458 19112 19574 20185 20491 19560 19607 20141
9501 9727 10083 10270 10429 10512 10650 10579 10647 10805 11183 10839 b
17884 18440 18172 18301 18039 17458 17171 16801 16643 16762 16458 16255

5679 5475 5785 5875 6167 6092 6232 6851 6710 5803
7419 7687
13228 13090
13387 13318 13042 12805 12719 12490 12384 12338 12528 12485 12185 12392

16069 16093 15776 16142


14334 15302 15619 15698 15130
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

15655 15731 15758 16028 16240 16343


25316 25588 26164 26095 26371 26562 26688
17502 17406 17410 17429 17364 17255
8828 8796 8745 8712 8554 8426

21045 20359 20306 20184


17266 17107 17030 17013 17074 16975 15932
21047 20817 20483 20130 19624 19008 18857
25930 26009 26385 27134 27596 26552 26441
20146 21907 b 21899 21826 22038 22690 23242
17106 17603 18406 18791 19050
23184 23432 22663 18963 18381
18172 16891 16977 17244 16005 15404 15481
13766 13775 13884 13664 b 13771 13799 14019
15416 14620 14316 13977 13768 13330
10196 10550 10709
11066 13216 16172
17534 17442 17307 17011 16735 16468
5177 5203 5188 5241 5486 5528 5768
9388 b 9706 10169 10414 10689 10931 11292
14054 13805 13751 13550 13686 13717 13998
16263 17092 17345 17519 17689 17235 17179
14642 14898 15851 17112 16919 17165
9018 9101 9040 9016 10366 b 10799 11980
19259 18721 18891 19804 19942 19089 20813
10851 10928 10826 10780 10724 10660 10864
16009 15956 16003 16053 16249 16481
15297 15445 15725 15898 16103 16636 16920
7944 8156 8451 10019 10645
13035 13263 13435 13370 13253 13366 13592
12698 12926 12872 12695 12632

17796
16030 15928 15771 15811 15831 15693 15588
14416 14751 15405 15358 15781 15959 16008
HEALTH CARE ACTIVITIES
Average length of stay: acute care, Days

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 11.5 10.9 10.4 9.8 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.3 9.1 8.7 8.5
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic 15.0 15.0
Denmark 12.5
Finland 12.5 12.6 12.8 12.9 13.3 13.2 13.4 13.3 13.2 13.0 12.8 12.6
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary 11.3 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.1 11.2 12.2 11.3 11.2 11.1 11.2 11.2
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands 20.1 20.0 19.9 19.8 19.4 20.4 20.6 20.1 19.7 19.3 18.8 18.2
New Zealand
Norway 14.8
Poland
Portugal 19.0 16.7 17.6 19.0 18.2 15.9 15.3 14.6
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden 11.0
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.3 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.0
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987

8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.0 7.7 7.5 7.8 7.7 7.3 6.9 6.7 6.7 7.4 b 7.4

10.0 10.2 10.0 10.0 10.2 10.4 10.3 10.5

13.1 13.0 12.9 12.9 13.1 13.6 13.5 13.3 13.3 13.2 13.1 13.4 13.2
10.8 9.7 9.6 8.8 8.5 8.3 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.8 7.5 7.3
12.2 12.0 11.8 11.4 10.7 9.4 9.4 9.0 8.8 8.5 8.3 8.2 8.2 8.0 8.0 7.5
12.3 11.9 11.3 10.9 10.6 10.1 10.2 10.0 9.7 9.3 9.0 8.6 8.3 7.9

11.0 10.9 10.5 10.2 10.3 10.2 9.5 9.6 8.9 8.4 8.3
11.2 11.1 11.3 11.3 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.2 11.2 11.1 11.2 10.9 10.9 10.6 10.4 10.3

8.5 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.6 7.4 7.2 6.9

10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 11.0 11.0 10.0

17.7 17.1 16.6 16.1 15.4 15.2 14.8 14.4 14.0 13.7 13.3 13.0 12.8 12.5 12.3 12.1

12.2 10.9 10.6 10.3 10.1 9.8 9.6 9.2 9.1


14.0 13.1
13.8 13.1 12.7 12.5 11.4 11.1 10.4 9.7

10.1 9.9 10.0


9.8 9.6 9.5 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.5 7.3 7.1
15.0 15.5 15.4 15.1 15.1 15.0 14.7 14.2 14.5
7.0 8.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1

7.9 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.3 7.1 7.1 7.2

10.7 10.5 10.3


1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002

7.2 6.5 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.2
11.0 11.2 10.5 10.5 10.1 9.6 9.7 9.5 8.3 b 8.2 7.8 7.6 7.4 7.3
9.8 9.6 9.4 9.2 8.8 8.7 8.0 7.7 7.6 7.6
10.4 10.2 10.2 10.0 9.9 9.8 7.4 b 7.2 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4

13.0 12.8 12.0 11.9 11.6 11.2 10.8 10.2 9.6 9.1 8.8 8.6 8.7 8.5 8.3
6.9 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.0 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
7.6 7.3 7.0 7.0 6.1 5.7 5.6 5.5 6.0 b 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.7
7.6 7.3 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.7
12.8 12.3 11.7 11.2 10.8 10.2 9.9 9.7 9.5 9.2 9.0 8.6
7.8 7.6 7.5 7.2 7.1 6.6 6.7 6.4 6.5 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2
10.0 9.9 9.9 9.7 9.5 9.8 9.2 8.6 8.2 7.8 7.5 7.1 7.0 6.9
7.2 7.0 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.3 5.9 5.7 5.4 6.1 5.7 5.3
b 6.9 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.5 b 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.5 6.5
9.5 9.3 9.2 9.0 8.4 8.0 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.7
34.4 33.2 32.7 31.4 29.3 27.2 24.8 23.5 22.2
11.0 11.0 12.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 10.0 11.0 11.0 11.0
7.9 7.7 7.5 7.5 7.5
4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.8 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
11.9 11.5 11.2 10.9 10.6 10.4 10.1 9.9 9.8 9.6 9.5 9.2 9.0 8.6 8.4
4.3 4.4 4.5
8.5 7.8 7.8 7.4 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.7
12.5 12.3 11.8 11.4 11.1 10.8 10.6 10.4 10.1 9.3 8.9 8.4 7.9
9.4 8.6 8.4 8.3 7.9 7.7 7.7 7.9 7.9 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.7 7.3 7.0
10.5 10.1 9.4 8.7 8.5 8.2 7.8
9.8 9.7 9.6 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.8 8.0 7.6 7.5 7.3 7.1 7.0 7.0
6.9 6.8 6.5 6.2 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.8
14.2 14.0 13.4 13.0 12.1 12.1 12.0 12.0 12.0 10.5 b 9.9 9.8 9.3 9.2 9.1
6.0 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.2
8.2 8.6 8.5
7.2 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7

5.3 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.1
10.0 9.8 9.8 9.4 9.3 9.2 8.9 8.8 8.8 8.4 7.9 7.5 7.1 6.8 6.6
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9


7.2 7.2 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8
7.5 7.4 7.7 7.2 7.1
7.3 7.3 7.2 7.4 7.5

8.3 8.1 8.0 7.8 7.7 7.4


3.6 3.4 3.5
5.7 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.5
5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
8.3 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.8 7.6
6.0 5.7 5.6 5.8
6.7 6.7 b 6.5 6.3 6.0 6.0
5.6 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.6
6.5 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.2 e
6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
20.7 20.3 19.8 19.2 19.0 18.8
10.6
7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.3
3.9 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.9
7.9 7.5 7.2 6.6 6.3 5.9
5.1 5.9 5.4
5.4 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.0 4.8
7.0 6.6 6.5 6.1 5.9 5.7
7.0 6.9 7.1 6.9 6.8
7.5 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.0 6.9
6.9 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
9.0 8.8 8.5 8.2 7.8 7.7
5.5 5.4 5.1 5.2 4.7 4.3
8.3 8.1 7.9 7.6 7.2 7.1
5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5

6.4 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.7


4.1 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.2
6.1 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.7
HEALTH CARE ACTIVITIES
Average length of stay by diagnostic categories, Single spontaneous delivery, Days

1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981
OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada 4.7 4.6
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland 7.2 6.7 6.9 7.5
France
Germany
Greece 5.0 5.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy 7.0 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.1 6.9 6.8
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands 5.9
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain 4.2 4.2
Sweden
Switzerland 9.7 9.5 9.5 9.3 9.3 9.2 9.0
Turkey 2.0 2.2 2.5 2.2 2.1 1.9
United Kingdom
United States
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997

3.9 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.1


6.4 6.3 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.1
5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.1

6.9

6.9 7.2 6.7 6.8 6.3 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.4 5.0 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
5.3
6.1 5.8 5.3 5.1
5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0

5.4 5.3 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.6

6.4 6.9 6.4 6.3 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.3 4.7 4.4

3.5

1.3 1.3 1.3


5.4 5.1 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
6.2 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.4 4.9 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.6 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.3
5.3 5.2 5.1 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.2

3.1
7.7 7.8 7.7 7.8
4.1 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
5.3 5.0 4.8 4.4 4.4 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0
9.1 8.9 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.3 8.1 7.8 7.6 7.4 8.4 6.8 6.5 6.2
2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.2 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
5.1 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2
5.1 5.4 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8

6.0 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.8


3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4
5.2 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4
4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.1 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
6.3 6.2 5.9 5.3 5.2
3.6 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.2 2.0 2.0
3.1 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.1
4.2 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5

2.1 2.5 2.9 2.7


4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.1
1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.1
2.2 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.1
4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.2
4.8 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.4
2.8 2.8 3.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
7.5 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.5
3.2 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
2.9 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
6.0 6.3 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2
1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.4 1.4
2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8

2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
7.3 6.6 4.9 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9
HEALTH CARE ACTIVITIES
Surgical procedures by ICD-9-CM, Caesarean section, Procedures per 1000 live births

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
OECD countries
Australia 175.0 179.0 182.0 188.0 192.0 192.0 193.0 201.0 209.0 217.0
Austria
Belgium 104.5 116.1 119.7 129.4 129.4 134.5 136.7 137.7 144.1 159.2
Canada 184.3 179.1 174.6 175.1 174.8 174.8 178.7 183.8 187.6 195.9
Chile
Czech Republic 76.1 83.5 88.2 e 91.0 100.9 b 112.0 115.6 117.9 122.7 123.4
Denmark 124.0 122.6 122.2 125.2 125.2 124.8 125.5 125.6 133.1 136.7
Finland 136.0 143.0 145.0 146.0 154.0 156.0 157.0 156.0 154.0 158.0
France 156.3 162.6 167.3
Germany 157.0 152.2 159.4 165.7 170.7 172.4 176.1 181.4 190.7 198.0
Greece
Hungary
Iceland 118.1 114.3 134.3 129.8 137.6 141.1 151.5 162.6 159.2 173.2
Ireland 105.4 115.6 120.4 128.7 134.2 145.3 153.4 175.0 198.3
Italy 207.9 226.0 232.4 241.3 247.6 260.7 268.8 268.9 307.4 323.9
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg 165.0 170.0 174.0 168.0 164.0 164.0 169.0 181.0 210.0
Mexico 241.8 252.5 254.4 277.0 274.3 279.0
Netherlands 74.1 77.4 79.5 84.4 91.8 96.5 100.6 103.9 110.6 113.4
New Zealand 121.0 129.9 124.7 138.1 144.3 151.2 156.8 164.5 181.6 183.7
Norway 127.5 124.8 125.6 124.8 126.0 126.4 127.3 128.8 136.7 134.5
Poland 137.8 151.8 155.6 161.2
Portugal 195.3 212.1 215.8 220.3 233.5 239.4 246.1
Slovak Republic 87.1 91.2 99.2 105.9 111.7 115.0 122.3 129.9 133.1 138.6
Spain 142.2 150.3 162.0 173.3 177.8 188.0 192.9 198.0 205.4 210.1
Sweden 107.9 112.3 112.0 116.0 117.3 120.0 117.3 131.6 137.6 144.1
Switzerland 186.0 177.0
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States 227.0 226.0 223.0 218.0 212.0 208.0 207.0 208.0 212.0 220.0
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel 140.0 148.0
Slovenia 85.7 89.0 91.5 96.0 93.5 92.2 100.4 101.6 103.0 101.2

Legend
e : Estimate
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

231.0 251.0 268.0 282.0 291.0 300.0 303.0 306.0


254.0 269.0 275.0
163.0 163.0 173.8 175.5 177.6 172.5
209.2 222.0 234.4 247.8 253.3 261.8 262.7 266.3

128.9 132.5 140.7 152.9 160.1 171.3 183.7 195.7 204.8


146.7 164.4 180.8 189.2 199.5 194.4 204.4 214.1 221.4
158.0 165.0 164.0 162.0 164.0 163.0 161.0 163.0 165.0
171.0 177.9 184.3 185.2 186.1 190.6 194.3 199.1 198.7
208.9 220.0 236.7 248.1 259.5 267.3 277.8 284.8 293.7

271.0 292.0 293.0 303.0 314.0


176.8 167.7 173.6 179.1 164.1 155.6 172.1 169.1 161.4
207.1 212.3 218.2 233.7 244.8 251.3 246.3 253.5
332.7 354.9 368.0 381.4 394.0 394.1 397.2 398.2

336.3 369.2 367.4 367.1 363.1 351.3 353.4 353.3


219.0 243.0 260.0 264.0 271.0 276.0 275.0 292.0
282.4 303.8 332.0 346.8 370.1 381.5 394.9 407.3 439.2
118.7 136.4 135.2 135.3 136.4 135.6 137.8 139.5
201.7 212.1 222.4 222.6 222.7 227.5 239.2 228.2 227.8
136.6 156.0 160.6 156.0 152.0 158.7 159.1 172.0
157.4 163.3 189.0 196.0 188.4 192.9
238.8 253.8 257.1 265.6 270.4 277.8 309.8 311.5 327.3
147.0 166.3 178.3 185.3 192.1 207.3 218.6 234.7
215.1 224.0 232.0 236.3 239.6 248.3 260.3
152.4 164.5 163.6 172.0
242.0 251.0
257.0 267.0 288.0 300.0 316.0
297.0 360.0 377.0
221.0 226.0 231.0 225.0 227.0 236.0 232.0 236.0 237.0
229.0 244.0 261.0 275.0 291.0 303.0 311.0 318.0 e

145.3 155.1 149.8 163.6 171.5 188.6 189.6 199.7 199.4


159.0 171.0 175.0 176.0 178.0 191.0 186.0 188.0 192.0
109.9 124.7 136.8 143.5 143.0 155.0 164.0 168.0 170.0
HEALTH STATUS (MORTALITY)
Life expectancy, Females at birth, Years

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968


OECD countries
Australia 73.9 74.4 74.2 74.2 73.9 74.2 74.0 74.5 74.2
Austria 71.9 72.8 72.5 72.7 73.2 73.0 73.4 73.4 73.5
Belgium 72.8 73.6 73.2 73.1 73.9 73.8 73.8 74.3 73.9
Canada 74.2 75.2
Chile
Czech Republic 73.5 73.7 72.9 73.6 73.8 73.5 73.9 73.8 73.5
Denmark 74.4 74.9 75.4
Finland 72.5 72.6 73.7
France 73.6 74.4 73.9 74.1 75.1 75.0 75.2 75.2 75.2
Germany 71.7 72.3 72.6 72.8 73.4 73.3 73.5 73.8 73.4
Greece 72.4
Hungary 70.1 71.1 70.0 71.2 71.8 71.5 72.2 72.0 71.9
Iceland 75.0 76.2 76.3
Ireland 71.9
Italy 72.3
Japan 70.2 70.8 71.2 72.3 72.9 72.9 73.6 74.2 74.3
Korea 53.7
Luxembourg 72.2
Mexico 59.2 59.8 60.5 61.0 61.6 62.1 62.5 62.9 63.3
Netherlands 75.4 75.9 75.7 75.8 76.3 76.1 76.1 76.6 76.4
New Zealand 73.8 73.9 e 74.0 e 74.1 e 74.2 e 74.3 74.4 e 74.4 e
Norway 76.0 76.2 76.2 75.7 76.3 76.7 76.9 77.1 77.0
Poland 70.6 70.8 70.5 71.5 71.6 72.4 72.9 72.6 73.6
Portugal 66.7 65.4 67.1 67.6 67.8 68.9 68.4 69.2 69.4
Slovak Republic 72.7 72.7 72.7 73.3 73.5 72.9 73.3 73.8 73.5
Spain 72.2
Sweden 74.9 75.4 75.4 75.6 75.9 76.1 76.5 76.5 76.3
Switzerland 74.1 74.6 74.1 74.3 75.2 75.1 75.3 75.8 75.6
Turkey 50.3 51.0 51.7 52.3 53.0 53.6 54.3 54.9 55.5
United Kingdom 73.7 73.6
United States 73.1 73.6 73.5 73.4 73.7 73.8 73.9 74.3 74.1
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
e : Estimate
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980

74.6 74.2 74.9 75.4 75.5 75.4 76.2 76.3 76.8 77.2 77.8 78.1
73.3 73.5 73.7 74.1 74.6 74.7 74.7 75.1 75.5 75.7 76.0 76.1
74.1 74.3 74.4 74.8 75.0 75.3 75.3 75.5 76.2 76.1 76.6 76.7
76.4 77.5 78.8 78.9

73.2 73.1 73.4 73.8 73.8 73.6 74.1 74.3 74.3 74.4 74.4 74.0
75.6 75.9 75.9 76.1 76.3 76.6 76.8 76.8 77.1 77.5 77.4 77.3
75.0 74.2 74.9 75.5 75.4 75.9 76.3 76.9 77.6 77.5 78.0
75.1 75.9 75.9 76.2 76.3 76.7 76.9 77.2 77.8 77.9 78.3 78.4
73.3 73.6 73.8 74.1 74.4 74.6 74.5 75.0 75.7 75.7 76.0 76.2
73.8 76.8
72.0 72.1 72.0 72.6 72.5 72.4 72.4 72.5 73.0 72.7 73.0 72.7
77.3 77.5 79.2 79.2 79.3 79.3 79.7 79.7
73.5 74.9 75.0 75.6
74.9 75.6 75.8 76.0 76.7 77.2 77.5 77.4
74.7 74.7 75.6 75.9 76.0 76.3 76.9 77.4 78.0 78.3 78.9 78.8
65.6 66.1 66.6 67.0 67.5 67.9 68.3 68.7 69.1 69.5 70.0
73.1 74.1 74.6 74.5 74.4 74.3 76.2 75.6 76.5 75.6
63.7 63.2 64.6 65.4 66.1 66.7 67.3 67.9 68.5 69.0 69.6 70.2
76.3 76.5 76.8 76.8 77.1 77.6 77.7 77.9 78.5 78.5 78.9 79.2
74.5 e 74.5 e 74.6 74.8 e 75.0 e 75.1 e 75.3 e 75.5 75.7 e 75.9 e 76.0 e 76.2 e
76.9 77.5 77.5 77.7 77.9 78.2 78.3 78.4 78.9 78.9 79.1 79.3
73.1 73.3 73.3 74.2 74.3 74.6 74.3 74.6 74.5 74.5 74.9 74.4
69.0 69.7 69.7 71.5 70.6 71.4 72.1 72.6 73.7 73.9 74.7 74.9
73.2 72.9 73.2 73.7 73.3 73.7 73.8 74.0 74.2 74.0 74.6 74.3
74.8 76.2 76.6 77.1 77.5 78.1 78.5
76.5 77.1 77.3 77.4 77.7 77.8 77.9 77.9 78.5 78.6 78.7 78.8
75.7 76.2 76.3 76.9 77.1 77.7 78.1 78.2 78.8 78.8 79.0 79.0
55.9 56.3 56.7 57.1 57.5 57.9 58.3 58.7 59.2 59.6 60.0 60.3
75.0 75.0 76.2
74.4 74.7 75.0 75.1 75.3 75.9 76.6 76.8 77.2 77.3 77.8 77.4

73.4 72.8 73.2 73.3 73.9 74.8 74.7 75.0 75.3 75.7
1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992

78.4 78.2 78.8 79.0 78.8 79.2 79.5 79.5 79.6 80.1 80.4 80.4
76.5 76.7 76.7 77.3 77.4 77.8 78.2 78.7 78.8 79.0 79.1 79.3
77.1 77.3 77.3 78.0 78.1 78.2 78.9 79.1 79.1 79.5 79.7 79.9
79.0 79.4 79.7 79.9 79.9 79.9 80.3 80.3 80.6 80.8 80.9 81.2
76.0
74.5 74.5 74.4 74.6 74.8 74.7 75.3 75.5 75.5 75.5 75.8 76.3
77.2 77.4 77.5 77.5 77.6 77.7 77.9 77.8 77.9 77.8 78.1 78.1
78.2 78.8 78.5 79.0 78.7 78.9 78.9 78.8 79.0 79.0 79.5 79.6
78.5 78.9 78.8 79.3 79.4 79.7 80.3 80.5 80.6 80.9 81.1 81.4
76.4 76.7 77.0 77.5 77.6 77.7 78.2 78.4 78.6 78.5 78.8 79.3
78.4 78.7 78.5 79.1 79.4 79.5 79.7 79.6
72.9 73.2 73.0 73.2 73.1 73.2 73.7 74.0 73.8 73.7 73.8 73.7
79.4 79.4 80.2 80.2 80.3 80.5 79.6 79.8 80.1 80.5 81.1 80.7
75.6 75.6 76.1 76.4 77.3 77.3 77.2 77.7 77.9 78.3
77.6 78.0 78.1 78.2 78.8 79.1 79.6 79.7 80.2 80.3 80.4 80.8
79.1 79.7 79.8 80.2 80.5 80.9 81.4 81.3 81.8 81.9 82.1 82.2
70.5 71.0 71.5 72.2 72.8 73.4 74.0 74.6 75.1 75.5 75.9 76.4
76.3 76.4 77.1 76.9 77.3 78.7 77.9 79.0 78.4 78.7 79.3 78.6
70.7 71.2 71.6 72.0 72.4 72.8 73.1 73.5 73.6 73.5 b 74.2 74.5
79.3 79.4 79.6 79.7 79.6 79.6 80.0 80.2 79.9 80.1 80.1 80.3
76.4 76.5 e 76.7 e 76.8 e 77.0 e 77.1 77.4 e 77.7 e 78.1 e 78.4 e 78.7 78.9 e
79.4 79.7 79.8 79.8 79.6 79.7 79.6 79.6 79.9 79.8 80.1 80.3
75.2 75.2 75.2 75.0 75.3 75.1 75.2 75.7 75.5 75.2 75.3 75.7
75.2 76.0 75.8 76.2 76.5 76.8 77.2 77.3 77.9 77.5 77.7 78.4
74.7 74.7 74.5 74.9 74.7 75.0 75.1 75.5 75.4 75.4 75.2 76.2
78.9 79.4 79.2 79.8 79.7 79.9 80.3 80.3 80.5 80.6 80.8 81.3
79.1 79.4 79.6 79.9 79.7 80.0 80.1 79.9 80.6 80.4 80.5 80.8
79.3 79.6 79.7 80.3 80.4 80.5 80.8 81.2 81.2 80.9 81.4 81.6
60.7 61.1 61.9 63.1 64.3 65.5 66.7 67.5 68.0 69.5 b 69.8 70.2
76.8 77.0 77.3 77.4 77.6 77.7 78.0 78.1 78.1 78.5 78.7 79.0
77.8 78.1 78.1 78.2 78.2 78.2 78.3 78.3 78.5 78.8 78.9 79.1

74.7 74.7 74.7 74.6


75.9 75.8 76.2 76.6 77.0 76.8 77.0 77.5 78.1 78.4 78.5 78.4
76.1 76.8 76.7 77.2 77.4 77.3
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

80.9 80.9 80.8 81.1 81.3 81.5 81.8 82.0 82.4 82.6 82.8 83.0
79.5 79.8 80.1 80.2 80.7 81.0 81.0 81.2 81.7 81.7 81.5 82.1
79.9 80.2 80.4 80.7 80.7 80.7 81.0 81.0 81.2 81.2 81.1 81.8
81.0 81.0 81.1 81.2 81.3 81.5 81.7 81.9 82.0 82.2 82.3
78.1 78.4 78.7 79.1 79.5 79.9 80.3 80.6 80.9 81.2
76.5 76.8 76.8 77.5 77.6 78.2 78.3 78.5 78.6 78.7 78.6 79.2
77.8 78.2 77.9 78.4 78.6 79.0 79.0 79.2 79.3 79.4 79.8 80.2
79.6 80.3 80.4 80.7 80.7 81.0 81.2 81.2 81.7 81.6 81.9 82.5
81.4 81.8 81.9 82.0 82.3 82.4 82.5 82.8 82.9 83.0 82.9 83.8
79.4 79.7 79.9 80.1 80.5 80.8 81.0 81.2 81.5 81.3 81.3 81.9
79.9 80.2 80.3 80.4 80.8 80.4 80.6 80.5 81.0 81.1 81.3 81.5
73.8 74.2 74.5 74.7 75.1 75.2 75.2 75.9 76.4 76.7 76.7 76.9
80.8 81.2 80.0 81.2 81.5 81.5 81.5 81.8 82.2 82.5 82.7 82.7
78.1 78.6 78.3 78.7 78.7 79.1 78.9 79.2 79.9 80.5 80.8 81.4
81.0 81.2 81.5 81.8 82.0 82.1 82.6 82.8 83.1 83.2 82.8 83.8
82.5 83.0 82.9 83.6 83.8 84.0 84.0 84.6 84.9 85.2 85.3 85.6
76.8 77.1 77.4 77.8 78.1 78.5 79.2 79.6 80.0 80.5 80.8 81.4
79.6 79.9 80.6 80.2 80.0 80.8 81.4 81.3 80.7 81.5 80.9 82.4
74.7 74.9 75.2 75.4 75.7 76.0 76.3 76.5 76.7 76.8 77.0 77.0
80.0 80.3 80.4 80.3 80.5 80.6 80.5 80.5 80.7 80.7 80.9 81.4
79.1 e 79.3 e 79.5 e 79.7 80.0 e 80.3 e 80.5 e 80.8 e 81.1 81.3 e 81.5 e 81.8 e
80.3 80.6 80.8 81.1 81.0 81.3 81.1 81.4 81.5 81.6 81.9 82.3
76.0 76.1 76.4 76.6 77.0 77.3 77.2 78.0 78.3 78.7 78.8 79.2
78.1 79.0 79.0 79.0 79.3 79.6 79.7 80.2 80.5 80.6 80.6 81.5
76.7 76.5 76.3 76.8 76.7 76.7 77.2 77.4 77.7 77.7 77.8 77.8
81.4 81.8 81.8 82.0 82.3 82.4 82.4 82.9 83.2 83.2 83.0 83.7
80.8 81.4 81.4 81.5 81.8 81.9 81.9 82.0 82.1 82.1 82.5 82.7
81.7 82.0 81.9 82.2 82.2 82.7 82.7 82.8 83.2 83.2 83.2 83.8
70.6 71.0 71.3 71.8 72.2 72.4 72.8 73.1 73.5 73.9 74.3 74.6
78.9 79.5 79.3 79.5 79.7 79.8 79.9 80.3 80.5 80.6 80.5 81.0
78.8 79.0 78.9 79.1 79.4 79.5 79.4 79.3 79.4 79.5 79.6 79.9

73.8 72.8 74.1 75.4 75.7 75.3 75.8 76.0 76.2 77.0 76.9 77.8
79.1 79.4 79.5 80.0 80.1 80.3 80.4 80.9 81.2 81.5 81.8 82.4
77.3 77.4 77.8 78.3 78.6 78.7 78.8 79.1 79.6 79.9 80.7 81.1
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

83.3 83.5 83.7 83.7


82.2 82.8 83.1 83.3
81.9 82.3 82.6
82.5 82.8 83.0
81.4 81.5 81.6 81.7 81.9
79.3 79.9 80.2 80.5
80.5 80.7 80.6 81.0
82.5 83.1 83.1 83.3
83.8 84.2 84.4 e 84.3 e 84.5 e
82.0 82.4 82.7 82.7
81.7 82.0 82.0 82.5
76.9 77.4 77.3 77.8
83.1 83.0 82.9 83.0
81.7 82.2 82.1 82.3
83.6 84.2 84.2
85.5 85.8 86.0 86.1
81.9 82.4 82.7 83.3
82.3 81.9 82.2 83.1
77.0 77.2 77.4 77.5 77.6
81.6 81.9 82.3 82.3 82.3
82.0 e 82.2 82.2 e 82.4 e
82.5 82.7 82.7 83.0
79.4 79.6 79.7 80.0
81.3 82.3 82.2 82.4
77.9 78.2 78.1 78.7
83.7 84.4 84.3 84.3
82.8 82.9 83.0 83.2 83.4
84.0 84.2 84.4 84.6
75.0 75.3 75.6 75.8
81.2 81.7 81.8
79.9 80.2 80.4

78.1 78.5 78.7 79.2


82.2 82.5 82.4 83.0
81.3 81.9 81.8 82.3
HEALTH STATUS (MORTALITY)
Life expectancy, Males at birth, Years

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969
OECD countries
Australia 67.9 68.0 67.8 67.9 67.5 67.7 67.6 67.8 67.5 67.5
Austria 65.4 66.5 66.3 66.4 66.8 66.6 66.9 66.6 66.8 66.5
Belgium 66.8 67.6 67.4 67.1 67.8 67.6 67.8 67.9 67.6 67.6
Canada 68.4 68.8
Chile
Czech Republic 67.8 67.7 66.9 67.3 67.5 67.2 67.3 67.1 66.6 66.0
Denmark 70.4 70.3 70.6 70.7
Finland 65.5 65.4 65.9
France 67.0 67.5 67.0 66.8 67.7 67.5 67.8 67.8 67.8 67.4
Germany 66.5 67.0 67.1 67.2 67.7 67.7 67.7 67.9 67.5 67.3
Greece 67.3
Hungary 65.9 66.7 65.6 66.6 67.0 66.7 67.5 66.9 66.7 66.7
Iceland 70.7 70.8 70.7
Ireland 68.1
Italy 67.2
Japan 65.3 66.0 66.2 67.2 67.7 67.7 68.4 68.9 69.1 69.2
Korea 51.1
Luxembourg 66.5
Mexico 55.8 56.5 57.1 57.6 58.1 58.5 58.8 59.0 59.2 59.5
Netherlands 71.5 71.6 71.1 71.0 71.3 71.1 71.0 71.2 70.9 70.9
New Zealand 68.4 68.4 e 68.3 e 68.3 e 68.2 e 68.2 68.3 e 68.3 e 68.4
Norway 71.6 71.4 71.2 71.1 71.5 71.3 71.6 71.5 71.4 71.0
Poland 64.9 64.9 64.5 65.4 65.8 66.6 66.9 66.4 67.0 66.5
Portugal 61.1 59.9 61.2 61.8 62.0 62.6 62.0 62.8 63.3 62.8
Slovak Republic 68.4 68.4 68.1 68.3 68.8 67.9 67.8 68.3 67.7 66.9
Spain 67.4
Sweden 71.2 71.6 71.3 71.6 71.7 71.7 71.9 71.9 71.7 71.7
Switzerland 68.7 68.9 68.5 68.3 69.2 69.5 69.6 69.7 69.8 69.7
Turkey 46.3 47.0 47.6 48.2 48.9 49.5 50.1 50.8 51.3 51.6
United Kingdom 67.9 67.8
United States 66.6 67.1 66.9 66.6 66.8 66.8 66.7 67.0 66.6 66.8
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
e : Estimate
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981

67.4 68.3 68.6 68.6 68.4 69.2 69.3 69.9 70.2 70.8 71.0 71.4
66.5 66.7 67.0 67.6 67.5 67.7 68.2 68.5 68.5 68.8 69.0 69.3
67.9 67.9 68.2 68.5 68.8 68.8 68.9 69.5 69.4 69.9 69.9 70.3
69.3 70.2 71.4 71.7 71.9

66.1 66.2 66.9 66.6 66.8 67.0 67.1 67.2 67.3 67.4 66.9 67.2
70.7 70.7 70.7 70.8 70.8 71.1 71.1 71.2 71.5 71.3 71.2 71.1
66.5 65.9 66.6 66.9 66.9 67.4 67.6 67.9 68.5 69.0 69.3 69.6
68.4 68.3 68.5 68.7 68.9 69.0 69.2 69.7 69.8 70.1 70.2 70.4
67.5 67.7 67.9 68.1 68.4 68.2 68.6 69.2 69.1 69.5 69.6 69.9
70.1 72.2
66.3 66.1 66.9 66.7 66.5 66.3 66.6 66.7 66.1 66.1 65.5 65.5
71.2 71.6 73.0 73.0 73.4 73.4 73.7 73.7 73.9
68.8 68.1 69.5 70.1 70.1
69.0 69.5 69.5 69.6 70.0 70.4 70.6 70.6 70.9
69.3 70.2 70.5 70.7 71.2 71.7 72.2 72.7 73.0 73.5 73.4 73.8
58.7 59.0 59.3 59.6 59.9 60.2 60.5 60.8 61.0 61.3 61.8 62.3
66.2 67.7 66.9 67.1 67.3 67.2 68.2 68.5 69.0 70.0 68.9
58.5 60.2 60.7 61.2 61.7 62.0 62.4 62.8 63.1 63.6 64.1 64.6
70.8 71.0 70.8 71.3 71.6 71.5 71.5 72.1 72.0 72.5 72.5 72.7
e 68.4 e 68.5 68.6 e 68.7 e 68.8 e 68.9 e 69.0 69.3 e 69.6 e 69.8 e 70.1 e 70.4
71.2 71.3 71.5 71.5 71.9 71.9 72.2 72.5 72.6 72.4 72.4 72.7
66.6 66.1 67.3 67.2 67.8 67.0 66.9 66.5 66.4 66.8 66.0 67.1
63.7 63.1 65.2 64.4 64.8 64.7 65.3 66.5 67.1 67.9 67.9 68.2
66.7 66.6 66.9 66.8 66.8 66.8 67.0 66.8 66.9 67.1 66.8 66.8
69.2 70.4 70.7 71.2 71.5 71.8 72.3 72.6
72.2 72.0 72.0 72.1 72.2 72.1 72.1 72.4 72.4 72.5 72.8 73.1
70.0 70.2 70.6 71.0 71.2 71.5 71.6 72.0 71.9 72.4 72.3 72.5
52.0 52.4 52.8 53.2 53.5 53.9 54.2 54.6 55.0 55.4 55.8 56.3
68.7 68.8 70.2 70.8
67.1 67.4 67.4 67.6 68.2 68.8 69.1 69.5 69.6 70.0 70.0 70.4

70.1 70.1 70.2 70.1 70.3 71.2 71.3 71.5 71.8 72.1 72.7
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993

71.2 72.1 72.5 72.4 72.9 73.1 73.1 73.3 73.9 74.4 74.5 75.0
69.4 69.5 70.1 70.4 71.0 71.5 71.9 72.0 72.3 72.3 72.6 72.8
70.6 70.6 71.0 71.1 71.4 72.0 72.2 72.3 72.7 72.9 73.0 73.0
72.4 72.7 73.1 73.1 73.3 73.6 73.6 74.0 74.4 74.6 74.8
69.0
67.3 67.1 67.4 67.5 67.5 67.9 68.2 68.2 67.6 68.3 68.6 69.3
71.4 71.5 71.5 71.5 71.8 71.8 72.1 72.0 72.0 72.5 72.6 72.6
70.3 70.3 70.5 70.2 70.6 70.7 70.7 70.9 71.0 71.4 71.7 72.1
70.7 70.7 71.2 71.3 71.5 72.0 72.3 72.5 72.8 72.9 73.2 73.3
70.2 70.5 71.0 71.1 71.4 71.7 71.9 72.1 72.0 72.2 72.7 72.8
73.5 74.1 73.9 74.3 74.5 74.6 74.7 74.7 75.0
65.6 65.1 65.1 65.1 65.3 65.7 66.2 65.4 65.1 65.0 64.6 64.5
73.9 74.0 74.0 74.9 75.3 74.8 74.4 76.1 75.4 74.8 76.7 77.0
70.1 70.7 70.8 71.6 71.7 71.7 72.1 72.3 72.7 72.5
71.3 71.5 71.8 72.3 72.6 73.1 73.3 73.6 73.8 73.8 74.2 74.6
74.2 74.2 74.5 74.8 75.2 75.6 75.5 75.9 75.9 76.1 76.1 76.3
62.8 63.2 63.8 64.5 65.1 65.8 66.3 66.8 67.3 67.7 68.2 68.8
68.9 69.9 69.7 70.3 70.7 70.6 71.0 71.2 72.4 72.0 71.9 72.2
65.1 65.6 66.1 66.6 67.0 67.3 67.7 67.9 67.7 b 68.5 68.8 69.1
72.7 72.9 73.0 73.1 73.1 73.5 73.7 73.7 73.8 74.0 74.3 74.0
70.5 e 70.7 e 70.8 e 71.0 e 71.1 71.5 e 71.8 e 72.2 e 72.5 e 72.9 73.2 e 73.5 e
72.7 72.8 73.0 72.6 72.9 72.8 73.1 73.3 73.4 74.0 74.2 74.2
67.2 67.0 66.8 66.9 66.8 67.8 67.2 66.8 66.2 66.1 66.7 67.4
69.0 69.0 69.2 69.4 69.9 70.3 70.3 70.9 70.6 70.5 71.0 71.0
67.0 66.6 66.8 66.9 67.1 67.2 67.1 66.9 66.6 66.8 67.6 68.4
73.2 73.0 73.2 73.1 73.4 73.5 73.5 73.4 73.4 73.5 73.9 74.1
73.4 73.6 73.8 73.8 74.0 74.2 74.1 74.8 74.8 74.9 75.4 75.5
72.8 72.7 73.4 73.5 73.7 73.8 74.2 74.1 74.0 74.2 74.3 75.0
56.7 57.5 58.6 59.8 60.9 62.1 62.9 63.4 65.4 b 65.7 66.1 66.4
71.1 71.3 71.6 71.7 71.9 72.3 72.4 72.6 72.9 73.1 73.6 73.5
70.8 71.0 71.1 71.1 71.2 71.4 71.4 71.7 71.8 72.0 72.3 72.2

65.6 64.5 64.3 63.4 62.3


72.5 72.8 73.1 73.5 73.2 73.6 73.9 74.6 74.9 75.1 74.7 75.3
68.1 68.3 68.9 69.4 69.5 69.5 69.4
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

75.0 75.0 75.2 75.6 75.9 76.2 76.6 77.0 77.4 77.8 78.1 78.5
73.2 73.4 73.7 74.1 74.5 74.9 75.2 75.7 75.8 75.9 76.4 76.7
73.4 73.5 73.9 74.2 74.4 74.4 74.6 75.0 75.1 75.3 76.0 76.2
74.9 75.0 75.2 75.4 75.7 76.0 76.3 76.6 77.0 77.2 77.5 77.7
72.1 72.4 72.7 73.1 73.4 73.8 74.2 74.6 74.9 75.1 75.3
69.6 69.7 70.4 70.5 71.2 71.5 71.7 72.1 72.1 72.0 72.6 72.9
72.8 72.7 73.1 73.6 74.0 74.2 74.5 74.7 74.8 75.0 75.4 76.0
72.9 72.9 73.1 73.5 73.6 73.8 74.2 74.6 74.9 75.2 75.4 75.6
73.6 73.8 74.1 74.5 74.7 74.9 75.2 75.4 75.7 75.8 76.7 76.7
73.1 73.3 73.6 74.1 74.6 74.8 75.1 75.6 75.7 75.8 76.5 76.7
75.2 75.0 75.1 75.6 75.4 75.5 75.5 75.9 76.2 76.5 76.6 76.8
64.8 65.3 66.1 66.4 66.1 66.4 67.4 68.1 68.4 68.4 68.6 68.6
77.1 75.9 76.5 76.3 77.7 77.7 78.4 78.1 78.7 79.7 79.2 79.2
73.1 72.8 73.1 73.4 73.4 73.4 74.0 74.5 75.2 75.9 76.4 77.3
74.8 75.0 75.4 75.8 76.0 76.5 76.9 77.1 77.4 77.1 77.9 78.0
76.6 76.4 77.0 77.2 77.2 77.1 77.7 78.1 78.3 78.4 78.6 78.6
69.2 69.6 70.1 70.6 71.1 71.7 72.3 72.8 73.4 73.9 74.5 75.1
73.2 73.0 73.3 74.0 73.7 74.4 74.6 75.1 74.7 74.8 76.0 76.7
69.4 69.7 70.0 70.3 70.7 71.0 71.3 71.6 71.8 72.0 72.0 72.2
74.6 74.6 74.7 75.2 75.2 75.3 75.5 75.8 76.0 76.2 76.9 77.2
73.8 e 74.1 e 74.4 74.8 e 75.2 e 75.5 e 75.9 e 76.3 76.6 e 77.0 e 77.3 e 77.7 e
74.9 74.8 75.4 75.5 75.5 75.6 76.0 76.2 76.5 77.0 77.5 77.7
67.5 67.6 68.1 68.5 68.9 68.2 69.7 70.2 70.4 70.5 70.7 70.8
72.0 71.7 71.6 72.2 72.4 72.6 73.2 73.5 73.8 74.2 75.0 74.9
68.3 68.4 68.9 68.9 68.6 69.0 69.1 69.5 69.8 69.9 70.3 70.1
74.4 74.4 74.5 75.2 75.3 75.3 75.8 76.2 76.3 76.3 76.9 77.0
76.1 76.2 76.5 76.7 76.9 77.1 77.4 77.6 77.7 77.9 78.4 78.4
75.2 75.4 76.0 76.3 76.4 76.9 77.0 77.5 77.9 78.0 78.6 78.7
66.8 67.2 67.6 68.0 68.3 68.7 69.0 69.4 69.8 70.1 70.5 70.9
74.1 74.0 74.3 74.7 74.8 75.0 75.5 75.8 76.0 76.2 76.8 77.1
72.4 72.5 73.1 73.6 73.8 73.9 74.1 74.2 74.3 74.5 74.9 74.9

60.5 61.3 64.1 64.2 63.7 64.6 65.1 64.6 65.1 66.0 66.3 67.3
75.5 75.5 76.3 76.0 76.1 76.6 76.7 77.3 77.5 77.6 78.0 78.2
69.6 70.3 70.8 71.0 71.1 71.4 71.9 72.1 72.3 73.2 73.5 74.1
2006 2007 2008 2009

78.7 79.0 79.2


77.2 77.4 77.8
76.6 77.1
78.0 78.3
75.4 75.5 75.6 75.7
73.5 73.8 74.1
76.1 76.2 76.5
75.9 76.0 76.5
77.1 77.4 e 77.6 e 77.8 e
77.2 77.4 77.6
77.1 77.0 77.5
69.0 69.2 69.8
79.4 79.4 79.6
77.4 77.4 77.5
78.5 78.7
79.0 79.2 79.3
75.7 76.1 76.5
76.8 76.7 78.1
72.4 72.6 72.7 72.9
77.6 78.0 78.0 78.3
78.0 78.2 e 78.4 e
78.1 78.2 78.3
70.9 71.0 71.3
75.5 75.9 76.2
70.4 70.5 70.9
77.7 77.8 78.0
78.7 78.9 79.1 79.4
79.2 79.5 79.8
71.1 71.1 71.4
77.3 77.6
75.1 75.3

67.4 67.1 68.6


78.7 78.7 79.1
74.8 74.6 75.4
HEALTH STATUS (MORTALITY)
Life expectancy, Total population at birth, Years

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968


OECD countries
Australia 70.9 71.2 71.0 71.1 70.7 71.0 70.8 71.2 70.9
Austria 68.7 69.7 69.4 69.6 70.0 69.8 70.2 70.0 70.2
Belgium 69.8 70.6 70.3 70.1 70.8 70.7 70.8 71.1 70.8
Canada 71.3 72.0
Chile
Czech Republic 70.6 70.7 69.9 70.5 70.7 70.3 70.6 70.5 70.1
Denmark 72.4 72.6 73.0
Finland 69.0 69.0 69.8
France 70.3 71.0 70.5 70.5 71.4 71.3 71.5 71.5 71.5
Germany 69.1 69.7 69.9 70.0 70.5 70.5 70.6 70.8 70.5
Greece 69.9
Hungary 68.0 68.9 67.8 68.9 69.4 69.1 69.9 69.5 69.3
Iceland 72.9 73.5 73.5
Ireland 70.0
Italy 69.8
Japan 67.8 68.4 68.7 69.8 70.3 70.3 71.0 71.5 71.7
Korea 52.4
Luxembourg 69.4
Mexico 57.5 58.2 58.8 59.3 59.9 60.3 60.7 61.0 61.3
Netherlands 73.5 73.8 73.4 73.4 73.8 73.6 73.6 73.9 73.7
New Zealand 71.1 71.2 e 71.2 e 71.2 e 71.2 e 71.3 71.4 e 71.4 e
Norway 73.8 73.8 73.7 73.4 73.9 74.0 74.2 74.3 74.2
Poland 67.8 67.9 67.5 68.5 68.7 69.5 69.9 69.5 70.3
Portugal 63.9 62.7 64.1 64.7 64.9 65.8 65.2 66.0 66.4
Slovak Republic 70.6 70.6 70.4 70.8 71.2 70.4 70.6 71.1 70.6
Spain 69.8
Sweden 73.1 73.5 73.4 73.6 73.8 73.9 74.2 74.2 74.0
Switzerland 71.4 71.8 71.3 71.3 72.2 72.3 72.4 72.7 72.7
Turkey 48.3 49.0 49.7 50.3 51.0 51.6 52.2 52.9 53.4
United Kingdom 70.8 70.7
United States 69.9 70.4 70.2 70.0 70.3 70.3 70.3 70.7 70.4
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
e : Estimate
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980

71.1 70.8 71.6 72.0 72.1 71.9 72.7 72.8 73.4 73.7 74.3 74.6
69.9 70.0 70.2 70.5 71.1 71.1 71.2 71.7 72.0 72.1 72.4 72.6
70.9 71.1 71.1 71.5 71.7 72.1 72.1 72.2 72.9 72.8 73.3 73.3
72.9 73.9 75.1 75.3

69.6 69.6 69.8 70.3 70.2 70.2 70.6 70.7 70.7 70.8 70.9 70.4
73.2 73.3 73.3 73.4 73.6 73.7 74.0 74.0 74.2 74.5 74.4 74.3
70.8 70.1 70.7 71.2 71.2 71.7 72.0 72.4 73.0 73.2 73.6
71.3 72.2 72.1 72.4 72.5 72.8 73.0 73.2 73.8 73.9 74.2 74.3
70.3 70.6 70.8 71.0 71.2 71.5 71.4 71.8 72.4 72.4 72.8 72.9
72.0 74.5
69.4 69.2 69.1 69.8 69.6 69.5 69.4 69.6 69.9 69.4 69.6 69.1
74.3 74.6 76.1 76.1 76.4 76.4 76.7 76.7
71.2 71.5 72.3 72.9
72.0 72.6 72.7 72.8 73.4 73.8 74.1 74.0
71.9 72.0 72.9 73.2 73.4 73.7 74.3 74.8 75.3 75.7 76.2 76.1
62.2 62.6 63.0 63.3 63.7 64.1 64.4 64.8 65.1 65.4 65.9
69.7 70.9 70.8 70.8 70.8 70.8 72.2 72.0 72.7 72.8
61.6 60.9 62.4 63.1 63.7 64.2 64.7 65.2 65.7 66.1 66.6 67.2
73.6 73.7 73.9 73.8 74.2 74.6 74.6 74.7 75.3 75.3 75.7 75.9
71.5 e 71.5 e 71.6 71.7 e 71.9 e 72.0 e 72.1 e 72.3 72.5 e 72.8 e 72.9 e 73.2 e
73.9 74.4 74.4 74.6 74.7 75.0 75.1 75.3 75.7 75.7 75.7 75.9
69.8 70.0 69.7 70.8 70.7 71.2 70.6 70.7 70.5 70.5 70.9 70.2
65.9 66.7 66.4 68.4 67.5 68.1 68.4 68.9 70.1 70.5 71.3 71.4
70.1 69.8 69.9 70.3 70.1 70.3 70.3 70.5 70.5 70.5 70.9 70.6
72.0 73.3 73.7 74.2 74.5 75.0 75.4
74.1 74.7 74.7 74.7 74.9 75.0 75.0 75.0 75.5 75.5 75.6 75.8
72.7 73.1 73.2 73.8 74.1 74.4 74.8 74.9 75.4 75.4 75.7 75.6
53.8 54.2 54.6 55.0 55.4 55.7 56.1 56.5 56.9 57.3 57.7 58.1
71.9 71.9 73.2
70.6 70.9 71.2 71.3 71.5 72.1 72.7 73.0 73.4 73.5 73.9 73.7

71.8 71.5 71.7 71.7 72.1 73.0 73.0 73.3 73.6 73.9
1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992

74.9 74.7 75.5 75.8 75.6 76.1 76.3 76.3 76.5 77.0 77.4 77.5
72.9 73.0 73.1 73.7 73.9 74.4 74.8 75.3 75.4 75.6 75.7 75.9
73.7 74.0 74.0 74.5 74.6 74.8 75.4 75.7 75.7 76.1 76.3 76.4
75.5 75.9 76.2 76.5 76.5 76.6 77.0 77.0 77.3 77.6 77.8 78.0
72.5
70.8 70.9 70.7 71.0 71.2 71.1 71.6 71.8 71.8 71.5 72.0 72.4
74.2 74.4 74.5 74.5 74.6 74.7 74.9 74.9 74.9 74.9 75.3 75.3
73.9 74.5 74.4 74.7 74.5 74.8 74.8 74.8 75.0 75.0 75.4 75.6
74.5 74.8 74.8 75.3 75.4 75.6 76.2 76.4 76.6 76.9 77.0 77.3
73.2 73.5 73.8 74.2 74.3 74.6 75.0 75.2 75.4 75.3 75.5 76.0
76.0 76.4 76.2 76.7 77.0 77.1 77.2 77.2
69.2 69.4 69.1 69.2 69.1 69.3 69.7 70.1 69.6 69.4 69.4 69.2
76.7 76.7 77.1 77.1 77.6 77.9 77.2 77.1 78.1 78.0 78.0 78.7
72.9 72.9 73.4 73.6 74.5 74.5 74.5 74.9 75.1 75.5
74.3 74.7 74.8 75.0 75.5 75.9 76.3 76.5 76.9 77.1 77.1 77.5
76.5 76.9 77.0 77.4 77.6 78.1 78.5 78.4 78.8 78.9 79.1 79.2
66.4 66.9 67.4 68.0 68.7 69.3 69.9 70.5 71.0 71.4 71.8 72.3
72.6 72.7 73.5 73.3 73.8 74.7 74.2 75.0 74.8 75.6 75.7 75.3
67.7 68.2 68.6 69.1 69.5 69.9 70.2 70.6 70.8 70.6 b 71.4 71.7
76.0 76.1 76.3 76.4 76.4 76.4 76.8 77.0 76.8 77.0 77.1 77.3
73.4 73.5 e 73.7 e 73.8 e 74.0 e 74.1 74.5 e 74.8 e 75.2 e 75.5 e 75.8 76.1 e
76.0 76.2 76.3 76.4 76.1 76.3 76.2 76.3 76.6 76.6 77.1 77.3
71.2 71.2 71.1 70.9 71.1 71.0 71.5 71.5 71.2 70.7 70.7 71.2
71.7 72.5 72.4 72.7 73.0 73.4 73.8 73.8 74.4 74.1 74.1 74.7
70.8 70.9 70.6 70.9 70.8 71.1 71.2 71.3 71.2 71.0 71.0 71.9
75.7 76.3 76.1 76.5 76.4 76.7 76.9 76.9 77.0 77.0 77.1 77.6
76.1 76.4 76.6 76.9 76.8 77.0 77.2 77.0 77.7 77.6 77.7 78.1
75.9 76.2 76.2 76.8 77.0 77.1 77.3 77.7 77.7 77.5 77.8 78.0
58.5 58.9 59.7 60.9 62.1 63.2 64.4 65.2 65.7 67.5 b 67.8 68.2
73.8 74.1 74.3 74.5 74.7 74.8 75.2 75.3 75.4 75.7 75.9 76.3
74.1 74.5 74.6 74.7 74.7 74.7 74.9 74.9 75.1 75.3 75.5 75.7

70.1 69.6 69.5 69.0


74.3 74.2 74.5 74.9 75.3 75.0 75.3 75.7 76.4 76.7 76.8 76.6
72.1 72.5 72.8 73.3 73.5 73.4
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

78.0 78.0 77.9 78.2 78.5 78.7 79.0 79.3 79.7 80.0 80.3 80.6
76.1 76.5 76.7 77.0 77.4 77.8 77.9 78.2 78.7 78.7 78.7 79.2
76.4 76.8 76.9 77.3 77.4 77.6 77.7 77.8 78.1 78.1 78.2 78.9
78.0 78.0 78.2 78.3 78.5 78.8 79.0 79.3 79.5 79.7 79.9
75.1 75.4 75.7 76.1 76.5 76.9 77.3 77.6 77.9 78.2
72.9 73.2 73.3 73.9 74.1 74.7 74.9 75.1 75.3 75.4 75.3 75.9
75.2 75.5 75.3 75.7 76.1 76.5 76.6 76.8 77.0 77.1 77.4 77.8
75.8 76.6 76.6 76.9 77.1 77.3 77.5 77.7 78.1 78.3 78.5 78.9
77.4 77.7 77.9 78.1 78.4 78.6 78.7 79.0 79.2 79.4 79.4 80.3
76.1 76.4 76.6 76.8 77.3 77.7 77.9 78.2 78.5 78.5 78.6 79.2
77.5 77.7 77.7 77.8 78.2 77.9 78.1 78.0 78.5 78.7 78.9 79.1
69.2 69.5 69.9 70.4 70.8 70.7 70.8 71.7 72.3 72.6 72.6 72.8
78.9 79.2 78.0 78.9 78.9 79.6 79.6 80.1 80.2 80.6 81.2 81.0
75.3 75.8 75.5 75.9 76.0 76.3 76.1 76.6 77.2 77.9 78.4 78.9
77.8 78.0 78.3 78.6 78.9 79.1 79.5 79.8 80.1 80.3 80.0 80.9
79.4 79.8 79.6 80.3 80.5 80.6 80.6 81.2 81.5 81.8 81.9 82.1
72.8 73.2 73.5 74.0 74.4 74.8 75.5 76.0 76.4 77.0 77.4 78.0
75.9 76.6 76.8 76.7 77.0 77.3 77.9 78.0 77.9 78.1 77.8 79.2
71.9 72.2 72.5 72.7 73.0 73.4 73.7 73.9 74.2 74.3 74.5 74.5
77.0 77.5 77.5 77.5 77.9 77.9 77.9 78.0 78.3 78.4 78.6 79.2
76.3 e 76.6 e 76.8 e 77.1 77.4 e 77.8 e 78.0 e 78.4 e 78.7 79.0 e 79.3 e 79.5 e
77.3 77.8 77.8 78.2 78.2 78.4 78.4 78.7 78.9 79.0 79.5 79.9
71.7 71.8 72.0 72.4 72.8 73.1 72.7 73.9 74.3 74.6 74.7 75.0
74.6 75.5 75.4 75.3 75.7 76.0 76.2 76.7 77.0 77.2 77.4 78.3
72.6 72.4 72.4 72.9 72.8 72.7 73.1 73.3 73.6 73.8 73.9 74.1
77.7 78.1 78.1 78.3 78.8 78.8 78.8 79.4 79.7 79.8 79.7 80.3
78.2 78.8 78.8 79.0 79.3 79.4 79.5 79.7 79.9 79.9 80.2 80.6
78.3 78.6 78.7 79.1 79.3 79.5 79.8 79.9 80.4 80.5 80.6 81.2
68.5 68.9 69.3 69.7 70.1 70.4 70.8 71.1 71.5 71.9 72.2 72.6
76.2 76.8 76.7 76.9 77.2 77.3 77.4 77.9 78.2 78.3 78.4 78.9
75.5 75.7 75.7 76.1 76.5 76.7 76.7 76.7 76.8 76.9 77.1 77.4

68.0 66.6 67.7 69.7 70.0 69.5 70.2 70.6 70.4 71.0 71.5 72.0
77.2 77.5 77.5 78.2 78.1 78.2 78.5 78.8 79.3 79.5 79.7 80.2
73.4 73.5 74.0 74.5 74.8 74.9 75.1 75.5 75.9 76.1 76.9 77.3
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

80.9 81.1 81.4 81.5


79.4 80.0 80.3 80.5
79.0 79.5 79.8
80.1 80.4 80.7
78.4 78.5 78.6 78.7 78.8
76.1 76.7 77.0 77.3
78.2 78.4 78.4 78.8
79.1 79.5 79.5 79.9
80.3 80.7 80.9 e 81.0 e 81.2 e
79.4 79.8 80.0 80.2
79.3 79.6 79.5 80.0
72.8 73.2 73.3 73.8
81.2 81.2 81.2 81.3
79.5 79.8 79.7 79.9
80.8 81.3 81.5
82.0 82.4 82.6 82.7
78.5 79.1 79.4 79.9
79.5 79.4 79.4 80.6
74.6 74.8 75.0 75.1 75.3
79.4 79.8 80.2 80.2 80.3
79.8 e 80.1 80.2 e 80.4 e
80.1 80.4 80.5 80.6
75.1 75.3 75.4 75.6
78.1 78.9 79.1 79.3
74.0 74.3 74.3 74.8
80.3 81.1 81.1 81.2
80.6 80.8 81.0 81.2 81.4
81.4 81.7 81.9 82.2
73.0 73.2 73.4 73.6
79.1 79.5 79.7
77.4 77.7 77.9

72.7 72.9 72.9 73.9


80.2 80.6 80.6 81.1
77.7 78.4 78.2 78.8
HEALTH STATUS (MORTALITY)
Life expectancy, Females at age 65, Years

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968


OECD countries
Australia 15.6 15.7 15.6 15.8 15.5 15.7 15.5 15.9 15.6
Austria 14.7 15.1 14.8 14.8 15.2 14.8 15.1 14.9 15.0
Belgium 14.7 15.3 14.9 14.8 15.4 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.1
Canada 16.1 16.7
Chile
Czech Republic 14.6 14.7 14.1 14.6 14.7 14.7 14.8 14.8 14.5
Denmark 15.3 15.6 16.1
Finland 13.7 13.7 14.2
France 15.6 16.1 15.7 15.6 16.4 16.2 16.6 16.5 16.4
Germany 14.2 14.7 14.7 14.7 15.1 14.9 15.0 15.1 14.7
Greece 14.6
Hungary 13.8 14.3 13.6 14.4 14.4 14.1 14.7 14.3 14.2
Iceland 16.8
Ireland 14.4
Italy 15.3
Japan 14.1 14.1 14.1 14.7 14.8 14.6 15.1 15.3 15.3
Korea
Luxembourg 14.5
Mexico 14.6 14.7 14.8 14.9 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 14.9
Netherlands 15.3 15.5 15.4 15.4 16.0 15.8 15.8 16.2 16.0
New Zealand 15.5 15.6 e 15.6 e 15.7 e 15.7 e 15.8 15.8 e 15.8 e
Norway 16.1 16.3 16.1 15.5 16.1 16.5 16.5 16.7 16.5
Poland 14.9 14.9 14.6 15.1 14.9 15.1 15.3 14.9 15.7
Portugal 14.5 14.8 14.8 14.5 14.6 14.6 14.2 14.4 14.5
Slovak Republic 14.6 14.6 14.2 14.9 14.6 14.6 14.8 15.1 14.9
Spain 15.3
Sweden 15.3 15.6 15.5 15.8 16.0 16.1 16.3 16.3 16.1
Switzerland 15.1 15.7 15.2 15.2 15.8 15.6 15.7 16.1 15.9
Turkey 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.5
United Kingdom 15.1
United States 15.8 16.1 16.0 16.0 16.3 16.3 16.3 16.6 16.4
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
e : Estimate
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980

15.9 15.6 16.1 16.4 16.6 16.5 17.0 17.0 17.4 17.5 17.8 17.9
14.8 14.9 15.1 15.4 15.7 15.7 15.6 15.7 16.0 15.9 16.3 16.3
15.2 15.4 15.4 15.7 15.7 15.9 15.8 16.0 16.5 16.5 16.9 16.8
17.5 18.0 19.0 18.9

14.5 14.3 14.4 14.7 14.5 14.5 14.7 14.8 14.8 14.8 14.9 14.4
16.3 16.7 16.7 16.8 16.8 17.0 17.2 17.1 17.3 17.6 17.6 17.6
14.4 14.8 15.2 15.4 15.7 16.0 16.4 16.8 16.8 17.0
16.3 16.8 16.8 17.0 17.0 17.2 17.2 17.4 17.9 17.9 18.1 18.2
14.7 14.9 15.1 15.2 15.4 15.5 15.4 15.6 16.1 16.0 16.2 16.3
15.2 16.8
14.4 14.3 14.4 14.7 14.6 14.8 14.6 14.6 14.7 14.4 14.8 14.6
17.8 18.6 18.9 19.1
15.0 15.4 15.7
16.2 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.7 17.0 17.2 17.1
15.5 15.3 16.0 16.2 16.1 16.2 16.6 16.8 17.2 17.5 17.9 17.7
14.6 14.6 14.7 14.8 14.8 14.9 14.9 15.0 15.0 15.1 15.1
14.7 15.3 15.6 15.1 15.0 15.0 16.3 16.2 16.9 16.5
15.7 15.6 16.0 16.2 16.3 16.5 16.6 16.8 16.8 16.9 17.0 17.0
16.0 16.1 16.2 16.2 16.6 16.8 16.8 17.0 17.6 17.5 17.8 18.0
15.9 e 15.9 e 15.9 16.0 e 16.2 e 16.3 e 16.5 e 16.6 16.7 e 16.8 e 16.9 e 17.0
16.6 16.8 16.9 17.0 17.1 17.3 17.4 17.6 17.9 17.8 17.9 18.2
15.3 15.3 15.0 15.6 15.6 15.7 15.5 15.7 15.7 15.6 15.9 15.5
13.8 14.6 14.2 14.5 14.1 14.1 14.9 15.0 15.5 15.4 15.9 16.1
14.8 14.5 14.6 15.1 14.9 14.9 15.0 15.5 15.4 15.6 15.6 15.4
16.0 16.5 16.7 17.0 17.4 17.7 17.8
16.3 16.8 16.9 17.0 17.1 17.3 17.3 17.3 17.8 17.7 17.9 17.9
16.0 16.3 16.4 16.8 16.8 17.3 17.6 17.6 18.1 18.1 18.3 18.2
12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.8
16.0 16.6
16.6 17.0 17.1 17.1 17.2 17.5 18.1 18.1 18.4 18.4 18.7 18.3
1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992

18.1 17.9 18.3 18.4 18.2 18.5 18.6 18.7 18.7 19.0 19.1 19.2
16.4 16.6 16.6 17.1 17.0 17.2 17.5 17.8 17.9 18.1 18.1 18.2
17.0 17.2 17.1 17.6 17.7 17.7 18.3 18.5 18.4 18.8 18.8 19.0
18.9 19.1 19.2 19.4 19.3 19.1 19.5 19.5 19.7 19.9 19.9 20.1

14.8 14.8 14.6 14.8 14.9 14.8 15.2 15.4 15.2 15.3 15.7 16.0
17.6 17.7 17.8 17.7 17.9 18.1 18.2 18.0 18.1 17.9 18.1 17.9
17.1 17.6 17.5 17.7 17.3 17.7 17.7 17.7 17.8 17.8 18.2 18.3
18.2 18.5 18.4 18.8 18.8 19.0 19.4 19.6 19.7 19.8 20.0 20.3
16.4 16.6 16.7 17.1 17.0 17.1 17.5 17.6 17.7 17.7 17.9 18.3
17.3 17.5 17.3 17.7 17.9 18.0 18.0 18.0
14.7 14.8 14.7 14.9 14.9 14.9 15.2 15.4 15.4 15.3 15.4 15.4
18.5 18.6 19.3 18.9 18.7 19.0 19.5 19.7 19.1
16.3 16.2 16.6 16.7 16.5 17.0 17.0 17.3
17.2 17.4 17.4 17.4 17.8 18.0 18.5 18.6 18.9 19.0 19.1 19.4
17.9 18.4 18.4 18.7 18.9 19.3 19.7 19.5 20.0 20.0 20.2 20.3
15.1 15.2 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.6 15.8 16.0 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.6
16.7 16.9 16.8 17.2 17.4 17.5 17.6 18.5 17.8 18.5 18.9 18.3
17.1 17.2 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 17.6 17.7 17.9 17.8 b 17.9 17.9
18.1 18.1 18.3 18.3 18.6 18.7 19.0 19.0 18.9 18.9 18.9 19.1
e 17.1 17.2 e 17.2 e 17.3 e 17.3 e 17.4 17.6 e 17.8 e 18.1 e 18.3 e 18.5 18.6
18.3 18.7 18.7 18.8 18.5 18.7 18.5 18.6 18.7 18.6 18.8 19.0
16.2 16.2 16.0 15.8 16.0 15.8 15.9 16.1 16.1 16.1 15.9 16.1
16.3 16.7 16.5 16.6 16.7 17.0 17.3 17.2 17.6 17.1 17.3 17.8
15.4 15.3 15.2 15.5 15.7 15.7 15.9 16.0 16.0 15.7 16.0 16.7
18.1 18.5 18.2 18.7 18.5 18.7 19.1 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.9
18.0 18.3 18.5 18.7 18.5 18.7 18.9 18.7 19.1 19.0 19.2 19.2
18.4 18.7 18.6 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 19.9 20.0 19.7 20.1 20.2
12.8 12.9 13.0 13.1 13.3 13.5 13.7 13.8 13.9 14.3 b 14.4 14.4
16.9 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.3 17.6 17.6 17.6 17.9 17.9 18.1
18.6 18.7 18.6 18.6 18.5 18.6 18.7 18.6 18.8 18.9 19.1 19.2

15.8 15.5 15.8 15.9


16.2 16.8 16.4 16.7 16.7 17.2 17.8 17.7 17.5
16.1 16.3 16.6 16.7 16.7 16.8
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

19.5 19.4 19.5 19.6 19.8 20.0 20.2 20.4 20.7 20.8 21.0
18.4 18.7 18.8 18.9 19.1 19.4 19.4 19.6 20.0 19.8 19.7
18.9 19.3 19.3 19.4 19.5 19.6 19.7 19.8 19.9 19.7 19.6
20.0 19.9 19.9 20.0 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.4 20.5 20.6

16.0 16.1 16.2 16.6 16.7 17.1 17.1 17.3 17.3 17.3 17.2
17.6 17.9 17.6 17.9 18.0 18.3 18.1 18.3 18.3 18.2 18.5
18.0 18.8 18.8 18.9 19.1 19.3 19.5 19.5 19.8 19.8 20.0
20.3 20.7 20.6 20.7 20.9 20.9 21.0 21.2 21.4 21.4 21.2
18.3 18.6 18.7 18.8 19.1 19.3 19.4 19.6 19.8 19.6 19.6
18.3 18.4 18.4 18.6 18.9 18.5 18.7 18.3 18.7 18.8 18.9
15.5 15.6 15.8 15.6 15.9 16.0 15.9 16.5 16.7 17.0 16.9
19.0 19.7 19.0 19.2 19.9 19.7 19.2 19.7 20.3 20.4 20.3
17.0 17.4 17.2 17.4 17.6 17.8 17.6 18.0 18.5 18.9 19.2
19.5 19.7 19.9 20.2 20.2 20.3 20.5 20.7 21.0 21.0 20.6
20.6 21.0 20.9 21.5 21.8 22.0 21.9 22.4 22.7 23.0 23.0
16.7 16.9 17.0 17.1 17.3 17.4 18.0 18.2 18.4 18.7 19.0
18.7 19.0 19.7 19.5 19.2 19.5 19.9 20.1 19.7 20.1 18.9
17.9 17.9 17.8 17.9 17.9 17.9 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.2 18.2
18.8 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.2 19.2 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.3 19.5
e 18.7 e 18.9 e 19.0 e 19.1 19.3 e 19.5 e 19.6 e 19.8 e 20.0 20.1 e 20.2 e
18.8 19.2 19.1 19.5 19.4 19.6 19.5 19.7 19.8 20.0 20.1
16.2 16.4 16.6 16.5 16.8 17.0 17.0 17.5 17.6 17.9 17.9
17.5 18.2 18.1 18.1 18.4 18.5 18.5 18.9 19.1 19.2 19.0
16.8 16.5 16.1 16.4 16.4 16.6 16.5 16.8 16.9 16.9
19.8 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.5 20.4 20.3 20.8 21.0 21.0 20.8
19.1 19.7 19.6 19.7 19.9 19.9 19.9 20.0 20.1 20.0 20.3
20.3 20.6 20.4 20.5 20.5 20.8 20.8 20.9 21.3 21.3 21.1
14.5 14.6 14.7 14.8 14.8 14.9 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4
17.9 18.4 18.2 18.4 18.5 18.6 18.6 19.0 19.2 19.2 19.1
18.9 19.0 18.9 19.0 19.2 19.2 19.1 19.0 19.0 19.1 19.2

15.5 15.5 16.0 16.3 16.6 16.4 16.7 16.8 17.2 17.2 17.2
17.9 18.1 17.9 18.5 18.6 18.6 18.6 19.0 19.3 19.7 19.9
16.8 16.8 17.1 17.3 17.6 17.5 17.6 17.9 18.2 18.4 19.2
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

21.1 21.4 21.5 21.6 21.6


20.2 20.3 20.7 21.0 21.1
20.2 20.2 20.7 21.0
20.8 20.9 21.1 21.3

17.6 17.7 18.3 18.5 18.8


19.0 19.1 19.2 19.2 19.5
20.7 21.0 21.2 21.3 21.4
22.1 22.0 22.3
20.1 20.1 20.5 20.7 20.7
19.2 19.4 19.6 19.6 19.9
16.9 16.9 17.2 17.3 17.5
20.5 20.7 20.6 20.6 20.5
19.6 19.9 20.3 20.1 20.4
21.6 21.3 21.8 21.8
23.3 23.2 23.4 23.6 23.6
19.4 19.9 20.1 20.5 21.0
20.5 20.4 20.3 20.3 21.0
18.2 18.2 18.2 18.2 18.3 18.3
19.8 20.0 20.1 20.5 20.5 20.5
20.4 e 20.5 e 20.6 20.7 e 20.8 e
20.5 20.6 20.6 20.6 20.8
18.4 18.6 18.8 18.9 19.0
19.7 19.4 20.2 20.2 20.3
16.9 16.9 17.1 17.1 17.5
21.5 21.3 22.0 22.0 21.9
20.6 20.6 20.8 20.7 20.8 21.0
21.6 21.8 22.1 22.2 22.3
15.5 15.6 15.7 15.8 15.8
19.4 19.6 20.1 20.2
19.5 19.5 19.7 19.8

17.7 18.1 18.2 18.5 18.6


20.3 20.2 20.4 20.2 20.7
19.5 19.9 20.1 19.9 20.2
HEALTH STATUS (MORTALITY)
Life expectancy, Males at age 65, Years

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968


OECD countries
Australia 12.5 12.6 12.4 12.3 12.0 12.2 12.0 12.2 11.9
Austria 12.0 12.4 12.0 12.0 12.3 11.8 12.2 11.9 11.8
Belgium 12.2 12.8 12.5 12.2 12.7 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.0
Canada 13.5 13.6
Chile
Czech Republic 12.4 12.1 11.4 11.9 11.8 11.8 11.8 11.7 11.5
Denmark 13.7 13.3 13.6
Finland 11.5 11.4 11.3
France 12.5 12.8 12.6 12.4 12.9 12.7 13.0 12.8 12.7
Germany 12.2 12.6 12.4 12.3 12.5 12.2 12.3 12.3 11.8
Greece 13.4
Hungary 12.3 12.8 12.0 12.6 12.6 12.2 12.8 12.3 12.1
Iceland 15.0
Ireland 12.6
Italy 13.4
Japan 11.6 11.9 11.6 12.1 12.2 11.9 12.4 12.5 12.5
Korea
Luxembourg 12.5
Mexico 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.6 14.7 14.7 14.8 14.9 15.0
Netherlands 13.9 14.0 13.6 13.5 13.8 13.6 13.6 13.6 13.4
New Zealand 12.8 12.8 e 12.7 e 12.7 e 12.6 e 12.6 12.6 e 12.6 e
Norway 14.5 14.3 14.2 13.8 14.3 14.2 14.0 14.0 13.9
Poland 12.7 12.6 12.2 12.7 12.4 12.8 12.9 12.5 12.8
Portugal 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.0 12.2 12.1 11.7 11.9 12.0
Slovak Republic 13.2 13.2 12.7 13.3 13.5 13.0 12.9 13.3 12.9
Spain 13.1
Sweden 13.7 14.0 13.7 13.9 14.0 13.9 14.0 14.0 13.9
Switzerland 12.9 13.2 12.8 12.5 13.2 12.8 13.0 13.2 13.0
Turkey 11.2 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.4 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.5
United Kingdom 11.9
United States 12.8 13.1 12.9 12.7 13.0 12.9 12.8 13.0 12.8
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
e : Estimate
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980

12.2 11.9 12.5 12.6 12.6 12.6 13.1 12.9 13.4 13.4 13.7 13.7
11.6 11.7 12.0 12.1 12.4 12.3 12.2 12.3 12.7 12.5 12.8 12.9
12.0 12.2 12.1 12.3 12.2 12.4 12.2 12.3 12.7 12.7 12.9 12.9
13.7 14.0 14.6 14.5

11.1 11.0 11.1 11.5 11.2 11.2 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.2
13.6 13.7 13.7 13.7 13.6 13.6 13.7 13.7 13.8 13.9 13.7 13.6
11.4 11.9 11.9 11.8 12.0 12.1 12.3 12.4 12.7 12.6
12.5 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.1 13.3 13.2 13.3 13.7 13.6 13.9 13.6
11.8 11.9 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.1 12.3 12.7 12.6 12.8 12.8
13.9 14.6
12.0 12.0 11.9 12.3 12.1 12.1 12.0 11.9 11.9 11.6 11.8 11.6
15.0 15.9 16.7 15.8 15.8
12.4 12.4 12.6
13.3 13.1 12.9 12.9 13.1 13.3 13.4 13.3
12.5 12.5 13.1 13.3 13.2 13.4 13.7 13.9 14.3 14.4 14.8 14.6
10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.4 10.5
11.4 12.0 11.8 12.0 12.2 11.7 12.3 12.4 12.8 12.6
15.1 14.8 15.3 15.4 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.5 15.4 15.4
13.3 13.3 13.3 13.1 13.3 13.5 13.2 13.2 13.6 13.4 13.7 13.7
12.6 e 12.6 e 12.6 12.6 e 12.7 e 12.7 e 12.8 e 12.8 12.9 e 13.0 e 13.1 e 13.2 e
13.6 13.8 13.9 13.9 13.8 14.1 14.0 14.1 14.3 14.2 14.2 14.3
12.4 12.5 11.7 12.8 12.5 12.7 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.2 12.5 12.0
11.3 12.2 11.8 12.3 11.8 11.6 12.0 11.9 12.3 12.5 13.0 13.1
12.5 12.3 12.1 12.6 12.4 12.3 12.3 12.8 12.5 12.5 12.7 12.3
13.3 13.6 13.7 14.0 14.3 14.5 14.6
13.8 14.2 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.1 14.0 13.9 14.2 14.2 14.2 14.3
13.0 13.3 13.3 13.6 13.7 13.8 13.9 13.9 14.2 14.1 14.4 14.3
11.5 11.5 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.7 11.7
12.0 12.6
12.9 13.1 13.2 13.1 13.2 13.4 13.8 13.8 14.0 14.1 14.3 14.1
1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992

13.9 13.9 14.2 14.4 14.3 14.6 14.7 14.8 14.7 15.2 15.4 15.4
13.0 13.2 13.1 13.6 13.6 13.8 14.1 14.3 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6
13.0 13.2 13.1 13.4 13.4 13.6 14.0 14.1 14.0 14.3 14.5 14.6
14.6 14.7 14.8 15.0 14.9 14.9 15.2 15.1 15.4 15.7 15.7 16.0

11.5 11.4 11.3 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.7 11.8 11.7 11.7 12.0 12.3
13.6 13.8 13.9 13.8 13.9 14.0 14.2 14.1 14.2 14.0 14.3 14.2
13.0 13.3 13.0 13.4 13.0 13.5 13.5 13.6 13.9 13.8 14.0 14.0
14.0 14.3 14.2 14.5 14.5 14.7 15.0 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.7 15.9
12.9 13.0 13.2 13.4 13.4 13.5 13.8 13.9 14.0 14.0 14.2 14.5
15.2 15.3 15.2 15.5 15.7 15.7 15.8 15.7
11.6 11.7 11.6 11.7 11.7 11.8 12.0 12.2 12.1 12.0 12.0 11.8
15.4 15.4 15.5 15.5 15.8 16.4 15.7 15.5 16.0 16.2 15.5 16.7
12.5 12.4 13.1 13.1 13.1 13.3 13.5 13.5
13.5 13.7 13.7 13.8 14.2 14.3 14.7 14.8 15.1 15.2 15.2 15.5
14.9 15.2 15.2 15.4 15.5 15.9 16.1 16.0 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.3
10.6 10.8 10.9 11.1 11.2 11.5 11.7 11.9 12.2 12.4 12.6 12.7
12.9 13.1 12.9 13.4 13.0 13.2 13.6 13.4 13.8 14.3 14.7 14.0
15.4 15.4 15.5 15.7 15.8 15.9 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.0 b 16.1 16.1
13.7 13.7 13.7 13.7 14.0 14.0 14.3 14.3 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.7
13.3 13.4 e 13.5 e 13.5 e 13.6 e 13.7 13.9 e 14.1 e 14.4 e 14.6 e 14.8 15.0 e
14.3 14.5 14.5 14.5 14.4 14.5 14.4 14.6 14.7 14.6 14.9 15.0
12.7 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.2 12.5
13.3 13.6 13.4 13.4 13.5 13.8 14.0 13.9 14.3 14.0 14.1 14.5
12.4 12.3 12.1 12.3 12.6 12.5 12.7 12.5 12.6 12.2 12.4 13.2
14.8 15.2 14.9 15.2 15.0 15.4 15.5 15.5 15.6 15.5 15.7 16.0
14.3 14.6 14.7 14.8 14.7 14.8 15.0 14.9 15.4 15.3 15.4 15.6
14.4 14.7 14.6 15.0 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.5 15.5 15.3 15.6 15.8
11.7 11.7 11.8 11.9 12.0 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.8 b 12.8 12.9
13.0 13.0 13.2 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.7 13.8 13.8 14.0 14.1 14.3
14.3 14.5 14.4 14.5 14.5 14.6 14.7 14.7 15.0 15.1 15.3 15.4

12.4 11.9 12.1 11.7


14.6 15.3 14.3 15.0 15.1 15.4 15.7 15.7 15.6
12.8 12.8 13.0 13.2 13.2 13.2
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

15.7 15.7 15.7 15.8 16.1 16.3 16.6 16.9 17.2 17.4 17.6 17.8
14.7 15.0 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.4 15.7 16.0 16.3 16.3 16.4 16.8
14.5 14.8 14.8 15.0 15.2 15.3 15.5 15.6 15.9 15.8 16.0 16.4
15.9 15.9 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.5 16.8 17.0 17.2 17.4

12.6 12.7 12.7 13.1 13.2 13.5 13.7 13.8 14.0 13.9 13.8 14.2
14.0 14.3 14.1 14.4 14.6 14.9 15.0 15.2 15.2 15.4 15.6 15.9
14.1 14.7 14.6 14.7 15.0 15.0 15.2 15.5 15.7 15.8 16.2 16.5
15.9 16.2 16.1 16.1 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.7 16.9 17.1 17.1 17.7
14.5 14.7 14.8 14.9 15.2 15.4 15.6 15.8 16.1 16.2 16.2 16.7
15.9 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.5 16.2 16.3 16.2 16.6 16.7 16.8 17.0
11.8 12.0 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.2 12.2 12.7 13.0 13.1 13.0 13.1
16.7 16.8 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.6 16.9 18.1 17.6 17.5 18.1 17.9
13.4 13.8 13.5 13.9 14.0 14.2 14.1 14.6 15.0 15.4 15.9 16.2
15.6 15.7 15.9 16.1 16.2 16.2 16.5 16.7 16.9 17.0 16.8 17.5
16.4 16.7 16.5 16.9 17.0 17.1 17.0 17.5 17.8 18.0 18.0 18.2
13.0 13.1 13.3 13.5 13.6 13.8 14.1 14.3 14.6 14.9 15.1 15.5
14.2 14.7 14.8 14.8 14.8 15.2 15.3 15.5 16.0 15.9 15.3 16.5
16.1 16.1 16.1 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.5 16.6 16.7 16.7
14.4 14.8 14.7 14.8 15.0 15.1 15.1 15.3 15.5 15.6 15.8 16.3
15.1 e 15.3 e 15.4 e 15.6 15.8 e 16.0 e 16.3 e 16.5 e 16.7 17.0 e 17.2 e 17.5 e
14.8 15.2 15.1 15.5 15.5 15.7 15.7 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.7 17.1
12.5 12.8 12.9 12.9 13.1 13.4 13.2 13.6 13.9 14.0 13.9 14.2
14.2 14.8 14.7 14.6 14.9 15.0 15.0 15.4 15.7 15.7 15.7 16.3
13.2 12.9 12.7 12.9 12.9 13.0 12.9 13.0 13.3 13.3 13.3
15.9 16.2 16.2 16.2 16.4 16.2 16.2 16.7 16.9 16.9 16.8 17.3
15.5 16.0 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.7 16.9 16.9 17.0 17.4
15.9 16.2 16.2 16.4 16.6 16.7 16.9 17.0 17.3 17.6 17.6 18.2
13.0 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7 13.8
14.2 14.7 14.6 14.9 15.1 15.3 15.4 15.8 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.8
15.3 15.5 15.6 15.7 15.9 16.0 16.1 16.0 16.2 16.2 16.4 16.7

11.6 11.4 11.9 12.1 12.4 12.0 12.3 12.5 12.5 12.6 12.7 12.7
16.0 16.0 15.9 16.6 16.3 16.4 16.7 17.0 17.4 17.7 17.5 17.8
13.2 13.3 13.5 13.6 13.8 13.8 13.8 14.1 14.2 14.5 14.9 15.2
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

18.1 18.3 18.5 18.6


17.0 17.3 17.5 17.7
16.6 17.0 17.3
17.6 17.9 18.1

14.4 14.8 15.1 15.3


16.1 16.2 16.5 16.6
16.8 16.9 17.0 17.5
17.7 18.0
16.9 17.2 17.4 17.6
17.2 17.4 17.4 17.7
13.1 13.4 13.4 13.6
18.0 18.3 18.3 18.2
16.8 16.8 17.1 17.2
17.4 17.9 18.0
18.1 18.5 18.6 18.6
15.8 16.1 16.3 16.6
16.7 17.0 16.4 17.4
16.8 16.8 16.8 16.8 16.8
16.4 16.7 17.0 17.0 17.3
17.7 e 18.0 18.1 e 18.3 e
17.1 17.5 17.4 17.5
14.4 14.5 14.6 14.7
16.1 16.6 16.8 16.9
13.2 13.3 13.4 13.8
17.3 17.9 17.8 18.0
17.4 17.6 17.8 17.9 18.2
18.1 18.5 18.6 18.9
13.9 13.9 13.9 14.0
17.0 17.4 17.6
16.8 17.0 17.1

13.1 13.2 13.2 13.6


18.0 18.3 18.1 18.5
15.5 16.1 15.8 16.3
HEALTH STATUS (MORTALITY)
Infant mortality, Deaths per 1 000 live births

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970
OECD countries
Australia 20.2 19.5 20.4 19.5 19.1 18.5 18.7 18.3 17.8 17.9 17.9
Austria 37.5 32.7 32.8 31.3 29.2 28.3 28.1 26.4 25.5 25.4 25.9
Belgium 23.9 28.1 27.5 27.2 25.4 23.7 24.7 22.9 21.7 21.2 21.1
Canada 27.3 27.2 27.6 26.3 24.7 23.6 23.1 22.0 20.8 19.3 18.8
Chile 110.0 78.0
Czech Republic 20.0 19.3 21.1 19.7 19.1 23.7 21.9 21.6 21.6 21.7 20.2
Denmark 21.5 21.8 20.1 19.1 18.7 18.7 16.9 15.8 16.4 14.8 14.2
Finland 21.0 20.8 20.5 18.2 17.0 17.6 15.0 14.8 13.8 14.3 13.2
France 27.7 26.0 26.1 25.8 23.7 22.4 22.2 20.8 20.5 19.7 18.2
Germany 35.0 32.2 29.8 27.9 26.0 24.1 23.5 23.6 22.3 22.8 22.5
Greece 40.1 39.9 40.4 39.3 35.8 34.3 34.0 34.3 34.4 31.8 29.6
Hungary 47.6 44.1 47.9 42.9 40.0 38.8 38.4 37.0 35.8 35.7 35.9
Iceland 13.1 19.3 17.2 17.1 17.5 15.1 13.6 13.4 14.0 11.7 13.3
Ireland 29.3 30.5 29.1 26.6 26.7 25.2 24.9 24.4 21.0 20.6 19.5
Italy 43.3 40.9 41.4 39.4 35.4 35.0 34.0 32.7 32.2 30.3 29.0
Japan 30.7 28.6 26.4 23.2 20.4 18.5 19.3 14.9 15.3 14.2 13.1
Korea 45.0
Luxembourg 31.5 26.2 31.1 28.6 29.8 24.0 26.8 20.4 17.0 17.5 24.9
Mexico 92.3 89.9 87.6 85.4 83.6 82.2 80.7 79.1 77.5 75.8 80.9
Netherlands 17.9 17.0 17.0 15.8 14.8 14.4 14.7 13.4 13.6 13.2 12.7
New Zealand 22.6 22.8 20.4 19.6 19.1 19.5 17.7 18.0 18.7 17.1 16.7
Norway 18.9 17.9 17.7 16.9 16.4 16.8 14.6 14.8 13.7 13.8 12.7
Poland 54.8 53.2 54.2 50.3 49.0 43.2 40.4 40.5 36.3 37.5 36.7
Portugal 77.5 88.8 78.6 73.1 69.0 64.9 64.7 59.2 61.1 55.8 55.5
Slovak Republic 28.6 27.8 25.5 26.2 25.6 28.5 27.0 25.3 23.1 25.5 25.7
Spain 43.7 46.2 41.6 40.6 39.2 37.8 36.0 34.0 32.4 30.2 28.1
Sweden 16.6 15.8 15.4 15.4 14.2 13.3 12.6 12.9 13.1 11.7 11.0
Switzerland 20.1 20.0 20.1 19.9 19.2 18.2 17.5 17.9 16.5 15.9 15.5
Turkey 189.5 184.1 178.7 173.5 168.5 163.5 158.5 153.5 149.8 147.4 145.0
United Kingdom 22.5 22.1 22.4 21.8 20.6 19.6 19.6 18.8 18.7 18.6 18.5
United States 26.0 25.3 25.3 25.2 24.8 24.7 23.7 22.4 21.8 20.9 20.0
Accession countries
Estonia 31.1 28.0 25.2 26.0 25.4 20.3 20.0 18.1 18.0 16.7 17.7
Israel
Slovenia 35.1 29.4 30.0 29.6 28.1 29.6 26.0 27.9 27.1 25.4 24.5

Legend
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985

17.3 16.7 16.5 16.1 14.3 13.8 12.5 12.2 11.4 10.7 10.0 10.3 9.6 9.2 9.9
26.1 25.2 23.8 23.5 20.5 18.2 16.8 15.0 14.7 14.3 12.7 12.8 11.9 11.4 11.2
20.4 18.8 17.7 17.4 16.1 15.3 13.6 13.3 12.3 12.1 11.5 11.1 10.6 10.0 9.8
17.5 17.1 15.5 15.0 14.3 13.5 12.4 12.0 10.9 10.4 9.6 9.1 8.5 8.1 8.0
35.0
20.2 19.5 19.5 19.3 19.4 19.1 18.7 17.1 15.8 16.9 15.4 15.0 14.5 14.1 12.5
13.5 12.2 11.5 10.7 10.4 10.2 8.7 8.8 8.8 8.4 7.9 8.2 7.7 7.7 7.9
12.7 12.0 10.6 11.0 9.6 9.8 9.0 7.5 7.6 7.6 6.5 6.0 6.2 6.5 6.3
17.2 16.1 15.5 14.7 13.8 12.5 11.4 10.7 10.0 10.0 9.7 9.5 9.1 8.3 8.3
22.1 21.6 21.3 20.0 18.9 16.6 14.8 14.3 13.3 12.4 11.8 11.1 10.4 9.8 9.1
26.9 27.3 24.1 23.9 24.0 22.5 20.4 19.3 18.7 17.9 16.3 15.1 14.6 14.3 14.1
35.2 33.2 33.8 34.3 32.9 29.8 26.2 24.4 24.0 23.2 20.8 20.0 19.0 20.4 20.4
12.8 11.3 9.6 11.6 12.5 7.7 9.5 11.2 5.3 7.8 6.0 7.2 6.1 6.1 5.6
18.0 18.0 18.0 17.8 17.5 15.5 15.5 14.9 12.8 11.1 10.3 10.5 10.1 9.6 8.8
28.4 26.8 25.8 22.4 20.8 18.9 17.7 16.8 15.4 14.6 14.1 13.0 12.3 11.4 10.5
12.4 11.7 11.3 10.8 10.0 9.3 8.9 8.4 7.9 7.5 7.1 6.6 6.2 6.0 5.5
17.0 16.0 13.0
22.5 14.0 15.3 13.5 14.8 17.9 10.6 10.6 13.0 11.5 13.8 12.1 11.2 11.7 9.0
71.3 68.9 67.2 66.1 64.6 62.2 60.5 58.3 55.7 52.6 49.3 46.3 44.2 42.8 41.6
12.1 11.7 11.5 11.3 10.6 10.7 9.5 9.6 8.7 8.6 8.3 8.3 8.4 8.3 8.0
16.6 15.6 16.2 15.6 16.0 14.0 14.2 13.8 12.8 13.0 11.8 12.0 12.9 11.7 10.9
12.8 11.8 11.9 10.4 11.1 10.5 9.2 8.6 8.8 8.1 7.5 8.1 7.9 8.3 8.5
33.2 32.3 29.8 27.8 29.0 28.0 28.4 26.9 25.4 25.5 24.7 24.6 23.2 22.8 22.0
51.9 41.4 44.8 37.9 38.9 33.4 30.3 29.1 26.0 24.2 21.8 19.8 19.2 16.7 17.8
24.4 25.4 24.8 22.8 23.7 24.5 21.5 21.8 20.9 20.9 19.2 17.9 17.5 17.2 16.3
25.6 22.8 21.4 19.8 18.9 17.1 16.0 15.3 14.3 12.3 12.5 11.3 10.9 9.9 8.9
11.1 10.8 9.9 9.6 8.6 8.3 8.0 7.8 7.5 6.9 6.9 6.9 7.0 6.4 6.8
15.1 13.9 13.6 13.4 11.4 10.9 10.0 8.5 8.3 9.0 7.4 7.8 7.5 7.1 6.7
142.6 140.2 137.7 135.1 132.5 129.9 127.3 124.3 120.9 117.5 114.1 110.7 92.0 96.4 88.0
17.9 17.5 17.2 16.8 16.0 14.5 14.1 13.3 12.9 12.1 11.2 11.0 10.2 9.6 9.4
19.1 18.5 17.7 16.7 16.1 15.2 14.1 13.8 13.1 12.6 11.9 11.5 11.2 10.8 10.6

17.5 15.9 15.9 17.6 18.2 17.5 17.5 16.5 18.3 17.1 17.0 17.2 16.1 13.6 14.1
15.6 15.7 14.1 13.7 12.8 11.9
25.5 21.0 21.2 19.0 17.3 19.4 17.6 16.6 15.4 15.3 13.1 14.0 13.9 13.9 13.0
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

8.8 8.7 8.7 8.0 8.2 7.1 7.0 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.3 5.0 5.7 5.2
10.3 9.8 8.1 8.3 7.8 7.5 7.5 6.5 6.3 5.4 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.4 4.8
9.6 9.7 9.0 8.5 8.0 8.3 8.2 8.0 7.6 6.0 5.0 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.8
7.9 7.3 7.2 7.1 6.8 6.4 6.3 6.8 6.3 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.3
18.0 13.0 10.0 10.4 10.1 8.9
12.3 12.0 11.0 10.0 10.8 10.4 9.9 8.5 7.9 7.7 6.0 5.9 5.2 4.6 4.1
8.2 8.3 7.6 8.0 7.5 7.3 6.6 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.6 5.2 4.7 5.3
5.8 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.2 4.4 4.7 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.2 3.6 3.8
8.0 7.8 7.8 7.5 7.3 7.3 6.8 6.5 6.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.4 4.5
8.7 8.4 7.6 7.5 7.0 6.9 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.3 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4
12.2 11.7 11.0 9.7 9.7 9.0 8.4 8.5 7.9 8.1 7.2 6.4 6.7 6.2 5.4
19.0 17.3 15.8 15.7 14.8 15.6 14.1 12.5 11.5 10.7 10.9 9.9 9.7 8.4 9.2
5.4 7.1 6.2 5.4 5.8 5.6 4.8 4.8 3.4 6.0 3.7 5.5 2.6 2.4 3.0
8.9 7.9 8.9 8.1 8.2 7.6 6.5 6.1 5.7 6.4 6.0 6.1 5.9 5.9 6.2
10.2 9.8 9.3 8.7 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.1 6.6 6.2 6.2 5.6 5.5 5.1 4.5
5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.2
13.0 12.0 10.0 9.9 7.7 6.2
7.9 9.4 8.7 9.9 7.3 9.2 8.5 6.0 5.3 5.5 4.9 4.2 5.0 4.7 5.1
40.0 38.4 36.8 40.5 39.2 33.2 31.5 30.4 29.2 27.7 25.9 24.0 22.2 20.3 19.4
7.7 7.6 6.8 6.8 7.1 6.5 6.3 6.3 5.6 5.5 5.7 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.1
11.4 10.1 10.9 10.3 8.4 8.4 7.3 7.3 7.2 6.7 7.3 6.8 5.4 5.8 6.3
7.8 8.4 8.0 7.8 6.9 6.2 5.8 5.0 5.2 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
21.1 21.1 19.8 19.1 19.3 18.2 17.3 16.1 15.1 13.6 12.2 10.2 9.5 8.9 8.1
15.9 14.2 13.1 12.2 11.0 10.8 9.3 8.7 8.1 7.5 6.9 6.4 6.0 5.8 5.5
15.0 14.2 13.3 13.5 12.0 13.2 12.6 10.6 11.2 11.0 10.2 8.7 8.8 8.3 8.6
9.2 8.9 8.0 7.8 7.6 7.2 7.1 6.7 6.0 5.5 5.5 5.0 4.9 4.5 4.4
5.9 6.1 5.8 5.8 6.0 6.2 5.4 4.8 4.4 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.4
6.8 6.8 6.5 7.1 6.7 6.2 6.6 5.6 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.6 5.3
79.6 71.2 66.7 e 62.1 55.4 52.6 50.0 47.6 45.2 43.0 40.9 38.8 36.5 33.9 28.9
9.5 9.1 9.0 8.4 7.9 7.4 6.6 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.6
10.4 10.1 10.0 9.8 9.2 8.9 8.5 8.4 8.0 7.6 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1 6.9

15.9 16.0 12.5 14.8 12.3 13.3 15.7 15.6 14.4 14.9 10.5 10.0 9.4 9.6 8.4
11.4 11.1 10.1 10.1 9.9 9.2 9.4 7.8 7.5 6.8 6.3 6.4 5.9 5.8 5.5
11.9 11.1 10.0 8.1 8.4 8.2 8.9 6.8 6.5 5.5 4.7 5.2 5.2 4.5 4.9
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

5.3 5.0 4.8 4.7 5.0 4.7 4.2 4.1


4.8 4.1 4.5 4.5 4.2 3.6 3.7 3.7
4.5 4.4 4.1 3.8 3.7 4.0 4.0 3.4
5.2 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.0 5.1
7.8 7.8 8.4 7.9 7.6 8.3 7.0
4.0 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.1 2.8
4.9 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 3.8 4.0 4.0
3.2 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.6
4.6 4.2 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.5
5.1 5.1 4.0 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.6 2.7
8.1 7.2 7.3 6.6 6.2 5.7 5.9 5.6
2.7 2.3 2.4 2.8 2.3 1.4 2.0 2.5
5.7 5.1 5.1 4.8 4.0 3.7 3.1
4.6 4.3 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7
3.1 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.6
5.3 4.7 4.1
5.9 5.1 4.9 3.9 2.6 2.5 1.8 1.8
18.3 18.1 17.3 17.6 16.8 16.2 15.7 15.2
5.4 5.0 4.8 4.4 4.9 4.4 4.1 3.8
5.6 6.2 5.4 5.9 5.0 5.1 4.8 4.9
3.9 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.1 2.7
7.7 7.5 7.0 6.8 6.4 6.0 6.0 5.6
5.0 5.0 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3
6.2 7.6 7.9 6.8 7.2 6.6 6.1 5.9
4.1 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.5
3.7 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.4 2.8 2.5 2.5
5.0 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.4 3.9 4.0
27.8 26.7 28.7 24.6 23.6 22.3 20.7 17.0
5.5 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7
6.9 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.7

8.8 5.7 7.0 6.4 5.4 4.4 5.0 5.0


5.1 5.4 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.0 3.9 3.8
4.2 3.8 4.0 3.7 4.1 3.4 2.8 2.1
HEALTH STATUS (MORTALITY)
Potential years of life lost, All causes, Years lost, /100 000 females, aged 0-69 years

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968


OECD countries
Australia 6723 6352 6434 6499 6550 6414 6331 6259 6352
Austria 8753 8015 8044 7821 7437 7319 7165 6942 6817
Belgium 7421 7005 7175 7045 6777 6670 6700 6283 6312
Canada 6792 6639 6735 6577 6604 6471 6392 6332 6150
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark 6159 6075 5853 5886 5599 5795 5490 5200 5315
Finland 6824 6877 6657 6423 6092 6044 5924 5638 5514
France 6756 6448 6469 6506 6024 5927 5782 5714 5684
Germany 8241 7983 7567 7363 6978 6790 6774 6565 6622
Greece 8697 8322 8553 8319 7880 7476 7289 7260 7160
Hungary 10241 9479 10145 9570 8700 8627 8476 8347 8219
Iceland 5062 5308 5235 5451 5417 5441 4803 4918 4694
Ireland 7772 7750 7528 7260 7385 6751 7152 6387 6299
Italy 9724 9138 9328 9097 8277 7960 7623 7477 7414
Japan 10109 9329 8743 7816 7267 6898 6579 6113 5940
Korea
Luxembourg 9490 6582 7689 7591 6064
Mexico
Netherlands 5238 4944 5023 4981 4890 4833 4883 4743 4714
New Zealand 6949 7023 6568 6427 6311 6362 6294 6190 6427
Norway 5220 5104 4962 4974 4910 4800 4587 4511 4455
Poland 10855 10661 10661 9794 9429 8606 8184 8021 7559
Portugal 14743 15680 14001 13295 12960 11892 12017 11226 11210
Slovak Republic
Spain 8248 8359 7817 7947 7576 7196 7025 6322 6071
Sweden 5364 5125 5020 5048 4962 4779 4495 4507 4540
Switzerland 5727 6180 6316 6023 5627 5454 5381 5200 5282
Turkey
United Kingdom 6263 6483 6440 6435 6188 6053 6032 5820 5823
United States 7410 7173 7233 7281 7138 7048 7324 7114 6923
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982

6163 6311 6113 5680 5558 5597 5143 5048 4858 4655 4450 4267 4028 4054
6903 6803 6742 6618 6248 6142 5914 5510 5345 5036 5048 4950 4615 4580
6209 6176 6020 5905 5635 5168 5299 5260 5007 4979 4937 4807 4528 4512
6031 5646 5401 5436 5232 5166 5025 4697 4599 4631 4545 4385 4152 3936
8440 7603 6929

5283 5169 5282 4945 4847 4447 4602 4503 4207 4324 4293 4523 4335 4206
5619 5177 5127 4630 4502 4742 4425 4210 3952 3683 3728 3363 3285 3239
5720 5358 5322 4938 4948 4537 4642 4465 4281 4138 4229 4206 4086 3985
6767 6673 6633 6390 6276 6058 5954 5627 5274 5184 4887 4702 4516 4338
6657 6189 5554 6095 5820 5459 5459 5340 4988 4861 4653 4411 4219 4085
8205 8019 8082 7785 7767 8380 7802 7484 6972 6892 6809 6908 6757 6493
4606 4029 5210 4731 4586 4382 4293 3284 3978 4130 3874 2948 2878 3626
6508 6321 5753 6050 5758 5632 5445 5242 5233 5183 4939 4780 4499 4490
7294 6867 6622 6350 5935 5563 5323 5063 4736 4562 4376 4324 4102 3955
5715 5555 5206 4897 4798 4580 4325 4067 3856 3690 3488 3382 3261 3102

6592 7389 6548 5865 5643 5028 5231 5385 4112 4560 4642 5261 4618 5317
18246 17634 16345 16638 15587 10577 9657
4842 4680 4432 4426 4457 4177 4053 4080 3859 3898 3675 3579 3499 3472
6042 6275 6192 5962 5818 5904 5800 5332 5605 5334 5150 5518 4981 5091
4644 4110 4180 4026 3968 3634 3853 3876 3531 3587 3389 3289 3266 3277
7685 7682 7278 6853 6564 6184 6364 6204 6268 6083 5869 5996 5750 5818
10761 11811 9948 8607 9216 8166 7858 8136 7204 6788 6246 6308 6252 5766

6350 5737 5298 5130 4852 5267 4896 4662 4622 4299 3933 3789 3558
4356 4345 4263 4102 4020 3948 3880 3751 3625 3397 3591 3429 3243 3270
5202 4910 4959 4632 4404 4290 4076 3937 3812 3679 3810 3704 3543 3367

5798 5756 5609 5627 5257 5412 5049 5069 4974 5041 4844 4667 4356 4312
6791 6679 6431 6298 6206 6193 5837 5675 5472 5371 5170 5125 4964 4776

6541 6011
5244 4701 4767 4528
1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998

3916 3859 3917 3628 3622 3499 3496


30853294 3114 2883 2885 2841 2760 2772 2666
4518 4323 4069 3935 3798 3509 3519
33243456 3367 3287 3184 2933 2879 2698 2647
4428 4139 4017 4021 3859 3741 3633
34753574 3515 3325 3341 3153 3031 3053 3021
3805 3662 3666 3630 3472 3414 3464
30833317 3223 3083 3026 3007 2901 2846 2768
6697 6252 6096 5935 5764 5692 5575
46715331 4944 4534 4363
4606 4713 4498 4493 4242
42174415 4392 3946 3831 3816 3453 3476 3146
4196 4182 4270 4252 4121 4220 4139
37823989 3860 3687 3681 3627 3523 3401 3185
3378 3186 3139 3119 3248 3307 3197
30833312 3094 2802 2783 2689 2573 2679 2597
3948 3767 3669 3600 3415 3412 3362
31073210 3219 3079 2961 2901 2783 2679 2711
4154 3927 3801 3666 3529 3429 3270
32713539 3435 3208 3102 3034 2945 2821 2714
4004 3847 3733 3539 3494 3306 3176
30063215 2970 2901 2844 2746 2697 2600 2638
6636 6708 6804 6563 6184 6040 6291
61766262 6230 6089 5707 5481 5292 5021 5008
3162 2957 2647 3370 3520 2988 3125
26362938 2694 2365 2462 3344 2379 2521 2583
4281 4160 3956 3914 3621 3757 3613
32343731 3472 3160 3007 3321 3083 3303 2991
3884 3619 3497 3381 3322 3238 3103
30963022 3091 2964 2838 2763 2801 2603 2505
3071 2952 2838 2742 2622 2606 2537
24342490 2451 2398 2303 2401 2218 2197 2222
5413 4972 4781 4356 4177
38833980 4004 3736 3582 3504 3353 3159 2914
4133 4670 4404 3417 4190 3570 3433
32303814 3721 3471 3140 2796 3154 2873 2625
9079 8843 8090 8254 7879 8211
68908029 6863 6773 6574 6486
3495 3334 3312 3390 3253 3025 3211
30623163 3074 3054 2954 2909 2943 2845 2722
4975 4549 4828 4707 4744 4557 4328
37284206 3970 3871 3689 3838 3801 3555 3193
3256 3376 3358 3339 3358 3320 3196
29133101 3066 2764 2816 2530 2577 2651 2594
5679 5665 5584 5382 5372 5128 5233
49975227 5230 4714 4924 4653 4445
5744 5382 5209 5099 4911 4741 4536
40944399 4407 4028 3831 3670 3650 3635 3503
4539 4287 4164 4211 4027 4033 4059
3653 3438 3257 3350 3305 3286 3203 3184 3080 3010 2931 2810 2759 2689 2516 2413
3157 2957 3195 3017 3037 3055 2897 2937 2936 2668 2642 2492 2387 2368 2297 2275
3207 3135 3121 3246 3116 3024 3060 3016 2902 2859 2982 2831 2793 2588 2617 2379

4163 4051 4009 3893 3849 3768 3687 3559 3442 3274 3273 3136 3146 3110 3028 2979
4653 4610 4536 4527 4488 4491 4435 4338 4275 4151 4213 4167 4117 4022 3913 3852

5799 5593 5555 5560 5873 5555 5531 5948 6374 7533 6446 5275 5228 5466
4585 4477 4148 4059 3905 3819 3783 3723 3549 3555 3215 3128 2969 2868 2899 2638
4461 4498 4555 4322 4192 3655 3702 4037 3725 3855 3451 3205 3040 3120
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

2661 2605 2385 2427 2362 2289 2077


2681 2651 2488 2377 2516 2386 2332 2127 2068 2050
2848 2502
2736 2676 2636 2669 2606 2554

3074 3019 2937 2911 2875 2697 2686 2496 2430 2401
3243 3055 3081 3009 2802 2818 2586 2493
2598 2603 2322 2385 2294 2511 2400 2195 2255 2161
2670 2609 2624 2542 2467 2361 2292 2252 2157
2672 2606 2523 2513 2443 2351 2284 2212
2538 2316 2223 2200 2075 2160 2164 1957 2017 1825
4910 4859 4432 4399 4310 4083 4032 3859 3962 3713
2209 2117 2158 2395 1958 2241 1724 2019 1744 1585
3119 3085 3034 2788 2601 2577 2500 2289 2289 2286
2357 2307 2245 2179 2126 1887 1881
2149 2068 1999 1969 1964 1906 1914 1880 1831 1830
3029 2976 2829 2716 2631 2466 2426 2227
2369 2747 3062 2495 2265 2072 2340 2164
5628 5416 5440 5255 5149 5206 5027 4946
2888 2842 2770 2772 2677 2500 2556 2377 2266
3259 3107 3074 3135 2987 3008 2748 2669
2569 2561 2473 2492 2390 2434 2210 2118 2158
3923 3717 3587 3477 3361 3306 3281 3211 3201 3127
3290 3166 3006 2985 2858
3833 3587 3402 3638 3551 3432 3343
2389 2325 2222 2187 2212 2079 2000
2204 2191 2197 2141 2103 2306 1999 2011 1919
2406 2399 2323 2301 2201 2133 2058 2100 2024

2947 2879 2782 2830 2723 2644 2633 2564


3836 3772 3733 3719 3711 3639 3633

5275 5047 5133 4318 4369 4028 4054 3661 3734 3394
2676 2536 2569 2574 2406 2260 2239 2154
3008 2972 2674 2622 2719 2766 2629 2247 2364 2062
HEALTH STATUS (MORTALITY)
Potential years of life lost, All causes, Years lost, /100 000 males, aged 0-69 years

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969
OECD countries
Australia 10740 10628 10785 10626 10806 10632 10573 10582 10756 10626
Austria 14308 13281 12877 12744 12417 12131 12351 12387 12116 12180
Belgium 12265 11692 11488 11685 11239 10973 10907 10650 10655 10842
Canada 11066 10938 10923 10859 11081 10762 10841 10695 10384 10339
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark 8880 8869 8788 8737 8688 8790 8494 8174 8254 8059
Finland 13031 12857 13084 12661 12456 12772 11862 11840 11885 12156
France 11268 11117 11239 11274 10652 10640 10516 10373 10356 10587
Germany 12814 12589 12008 11777 11439 11043 11162 11022 11029 11294
Greece 10993 10929 11084 10690 10727 10116 10272 9978 9579 9325
Hungary 14323 13549 14247 13569 12888 12748 12323 12729 12733 12464
Iceland 8464 9452 9483 10360 9302 9266 10069 8857 9201 8884
Ireland 10307 10344 10592 10003 10078 9822 10054 9225 9185 9047
Italy 13695 13297 13576 13453 12445 12213 11644 11439 11539 11468
Japan 13924 13231 12448 11519 10916 10516 10138 9547 9322 9149
Korea
Luxembourg 16386 11750 12298 12138 11110 11342
Mexico 23583
Netherlands 7998 8012 8125 8110 8088 7963 8097 7985 8006 7960
New Zealand 10438 10799 10344 10112 10057 10348 10346 10422 10384 10086
Norway 8643 8671 8795 8514 8405 8533 7942 8062 8060 8309
Poland 16107 15962 16110 15188 14376 13472 13129 13236 12661 12931
Portugal 19914 20982 19527 18465 18109 17426 17923 17049 16709 16554
Slovak Republic
Spain 11681 11623 11181 11803 11234 10997 10606 9925 9421 10044
Sweden 7983 7746 7780 7771 7711 7468 7379 7320 7456 7360
Switzerland 9847 10436 10539 10479 9883 9195 9250 9304 8881 9042
Turkey
United Kingdom 9912 10196 10116 10144 9786 9647 9682 9160 9258 9307
United States 12388 11957 12063 12210 12080 12049 12546 12340 12300 12191
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982

10869 10256 9814 9763 9955 9348 9015 8813 8518 8139 7946 7607 7604
12301 12389 12152 11646 11583 11068 10367 10235 10164 9905 9771 9319 9398
10566 10458 10105 9794 9145 9251 9161 8772 8886 8396 8592 8315 7992
9830 9697 9808 9625 9496 9257 8780 8662 8761 8475 8130 7755 7288
13269 12133 11709

8207 8333 8037 7686 7651 7484 7557 7042 7050 7374 7380 7139 7032
11697 11900 11221 10971 10978 10616 10227 9929 9254 8964 8465 8453 7922
9929 9973 9557 9483 9083 9181 9106 8811 8519 8723 8717 8449 8344
11385 11292 11058 10798 10370 10369 9882 9349 9287 8887 8600 8233 7961
9257 8075 8848 8302 8430 8371 8213 7941 7659 7429 7241 6940 6765
12881 13054 12462 12598 13055 12778 12022 11845 12271 12333 12766 12828 12569
9318 9168 7701 8786 9019 8469 6504 7610 7613 6686 7133 6405 5691
9209 8809 9324 9127 9255 8794 8255 8231 8417 8526 7914 7711 7460
10816 10607 10314 9875 9309 9112 8727 8468 8232 7984 7942 7576 7337
9012 8468 8108 7910 7504 7152 6797 6513 6316 6012 5913 5703 5506

12534 11849 10696 11289 10679 10677 10312 9243 9568 9211 7829 9990 9416
22909 21290 21715 20998 17383 16287
7938 7756 7762 7410 7236 7039 6973 6755 6727 6318 6298 6034 6001
10395 9837 9353 10184 9710 9741 8786 9646 9112 8915 8495 8413 8179
8086 8052 7835 7763 7260 7433 7046 6914 6714 6885 6799 6384 6582
13026 12903 12262 12116 11260 11999 12145 12512 12475 12111 12717 11794 11635
17404 15844 13927 14682 13905 14286 14327 13048 12297 11498 11987 11556 10800

9304 8501 8632 8385 8878 8430 8076 8032 7781 7265 7112 6653
7178 7267 7212 6852 6835 6851 6506 6629 6449 6522 6258 5935 5708
8966 8755 8456 8043 7954 7658 7457 7329 7310 7015 7074 6858 6469

9208 8995 8952 8622 8752 8148 8259 8003 8035 7873 7502 7167 7015
11937 11554 11467 11360 11212 10633 10244 10009 9817 9609 9516 9143 8762

15412 15051
7561 7321 6869 6683
1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995

7065 6998 7045 6662 6589 6467 6414 6016 5631 5595 5295 5283 5158
9055 8826 8432 7952 7573 7189 7175 6836 6893 6647 6509 6340 6103
7834 7590 7332 7340 7025 6754 6648 6505 6468 6389 6378 6268 6047
7034 6713 6662 6618 6497 6368 6327 6122 5896 5588 5553 5433 5342
11891 11547 10651 10330 9478 9715 10152 9909 8937 8258 8204 7959
9585 9678 9419 9138 9071 9690 9211 9020 8410 8247 7996
7044 6910 7054 6837 7007 6629 6736 6537 6393 6193 5926 6094 5871
7741 7688 7817 7783 7675 7804 7823 7714 7528 7029 6629 6368 6275
8231 7977 7827 7724 7406 7344 7316 7184 7175 6976 6861 6651 6346
7712 7243 6969 6819 6620 6486 6202 6809 6725 6426 6271 6124 5949
6830 6623 6753 6221 6178 6049 5938 5728 5784 5676 5549 5513 5581
13173 13321 13370 13021 12660 12115 12930 13288 13389 13779 13636 13296 12752
6461 5791 5559 5360 5658 5673 4274 5607 5335 4290 4049 4037 4908
7382 7028 6866 6772 6315 6341 6475 6151 6136 5790 5697 5500 5693
7223 6826 6607 6358 6226 6133 5998 6029 6207 6202 5698 5576 5523
5536 5360 5164 5009 4815 4742 4598 4602 4479 4510 4398 4328 4383
10948 10068 9665 9202 9062 8706 8991 8642 8306 8165 8026
8333 8630 7666 7586 8107 8205 7356 7013 7796 6601 6972 6171 5874
15030 14227 13261 13499 13167 13359 12916 11769 11992 11672 11418 11129
5814 5856 5654 5633 5451 5290 5217 5231 5077 4929 5007 4712 4670
8101 7915 7822 8180 7876 7847 7803 7361 6807 6815 6375 6014 6128
6464 6179 6598 6436 6436 6335 6094 5940 5407 5435 5131 4853 4900
11737 11784 11847 11548 11498 11187 11727 11969 12274 11684 10811 10940 10743
10576 10269 10052 9676 9416 9451 9089 9064 9431 8965 8663 7964 8333
10683 9855 9633 9496
6814 6687 6575 6612 6718 6710 6903 6884 6882 6766 6521 6347 6242
5508 5484 5495 5463 5416 5415 5163 5041 4955 4594 4482 4249 4078
6568 6175 6007 6159 6102 6038 6035 5991 6114 5893 5599 5613 5381

6786 6571 6463 6418 6259 6209 6000 5934 5719 5401 5351 5173 5192
8449 8348 8371 8472 8353 8378 8304 8262 8157 7946 8061 7981 7813

14246 12445 12439 12060 13410 14368 14759 15944 17301 19763 18878
6876 6546 6259 6141 6167 5971 5559 5340 5263 5363 5124 4951 5010
10522 9750 10064 9335 9050 8494 8964 8720 8918 8481 7628
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

5141 4970 4948 4866 4618 4376 4179 4082 3946 3561
5767 5482 5271 5067 5217 5007 4800 4713 4619 4451 4221 4143 3992
5749 5576 5417 5471 4664
5059 4890 4698 4632 4456 4425 4296 4304 4168

7443 7449 6905 6723 6581 6289 6301 6257 6012 5791 5533 5486 5263
5718 5425 5113 5472 4953 4723 4815 4744 4603 4353 4311
6159 5998 5818 5811 5682 5488 5183 5219 5417 5101 5037 5094 4919
6094 5782 5780 5715 5608 5590 5376 5234 4879 4805 4665 4561
5741 5522 5211 5120 4984 4789 4660 4629 4354 4222 4044
5493 5268 5180 5208 5069 4973 4700 4554 4623 4596 4332 4562 4223
11609 11305 11598 11342 10683 9800 9653 9483 9295 9235 8902 8677 8204
4089 4364 3296 3700 4526 3698 3380 2736 3114 2946 3236 3118 2802
5727 5541 5676 5580 5505 5232 5069 4635 4478 3925 3848 4008 4030
5263 4941 4771 4561 4368 4321 4198 4018 3605 3518
4132 4014 4144 4093 3932 3817 3718 3712 3606 3621 3483 3397 3340
7773 7264 6819 6713 6459 6050 5741 5637 5219 4865 4568
6114 5173 5933 5070 5211 5160 5362 5119 4680 3996 4337
9360 8979 9046 8825 8588 8669 8528 8481
4630 4352 4398 4312 4256 4188 4056 3966 3693 3535 3402 3259
6022 5896 5494 5370 5209 5045 4901 4750 4529 4540 4328
4579 4573 4747 4620 4711 4497 4273 4126 3961 3720 3710 3421
10169 9494 8794 8481 8315 8048 8075 8015 7962 7972 7801
8279 7919 7744 7437 7130 6962 6547 6024
9044 9057 9258 8884 8739 8235 8117 8140 7645 7732
6167 5574 5373 5314 5142 4898 4828 4760 4528 4399
3842 3823 3838 3747 3661 3658 3491 3428 3535 3216 3191 3144
4941 4713 4665 4365 4400 4225 3998 3855 3769 3630 3488 3295

5113 4942 4891 4820 4750 4702 4574 4388 4324 4294 4220
7331 6903 6726 6648 6478 6435 6418 6397 6228 6291

14729 15024 14948 14066 13410 14043 13767 12391 12194 11114 11084 11308 9869
4744 4932 4810 4498 4692 4539 4589 4195 4034 3898 3770
7446 7530 7425 6904 6574 6729 6373 6247 5804 5532 5491 5278 4748
HEALTH STATUS (MORTALITY)
Causes of mortality, Intentional self-harm, Deaths per 100 000 population (standardised rates)

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 11.3 12.7 14.7 16.9 15.6 16.0 15.1 16.2 13.6 13.1 13.3 14.2
Austria 21.2 20.1 20.8 20.2 21.0 21.1 21.5 20.8 20.6 21.0 23.0 21.5
Belgium 13.3 13.4 12.4 12.8 12.8 13.9 13.3 13.8 14.3 13.8 15.1 14.2
Canada 8.8 8.7 8.3 8.8 9.5 10.1 9.8 10.2 11.0 12.1 12.4 12.8
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark 19.7 16.3 18.6 18.5 20.2 18.4 17.0 16.7 19.6 19.9 20.4 23.3
Finland 21.6 21.8 23.1 20.1 21.0 20.7 20.1 20.7 22.5 23.9 21.4 21.5
France 15.0 15.0 14.3 14.8 14.3 14.5 15.0 15.0 14.7 14.9 14.7 14.6
Germany 17.5 17.5 17.1 18.0 18.7 18.5 19.0 19.9 19.3 19.7 20.2 19.7
Greece 4.1 4.6 3.6 4.0 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.1 3.3
Hungary 25.6 26.1 25.3 27.1 28.6 29.5 28.9 30.4 32.4 31.6 32.9 34.1
Iceland 9.5 12.4 10.8 9.6 10.5 13.5 22.3 19.9 8.7 11.6 14.9 6.2
Ireland 3.0 3.3 1.9 2.7 2.2 1.9 2.5 2.6 2.7 1.9 1.9 3.1
Italy 6.2 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.5 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.8
Japan 25.1 23.0 20.7 19.0 18.0 17.6 17.8 16.5 16.9 16.8 17.4 17.5
Korea
Luxembourg 8.7 9.5 16.2 12.5 12.1 14.4 13.6 13.1
Mexico 1.0 1.7 1.0
Netherlands 7.3 7.3 7.2 6.7 7.1 7.5 7.6 6.7 6.7 7.7 8.5 8.7
New Zealand 10.7 9.6 9.4 10.8 9.0 10.4 10.3 11.5 10.7 11.3 10.7 9.2
Norway 6.2 6.4 7.5 7.5 6.9 7.4 6.7 6.6 7.7 7.7 8.1 7.9
Poland 8.9 9.7 10.2 9.2 9.4 9.9 10.7 10.9 11.2 11.7 11.7 12.1
Portugal 9.8 10.0 9.5 10.6 10.6 10.3 10.6 10.9 10.4 9.7 8.9 9.0
Slovak Republic
Spain 6.0 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.5
Sweden 15.9 15.5 16.9 16.9 18.0 17.2 18.2 19.8 19.9 20.1 20.4 18.6
Switzerland 18.6 18.0 18.5 16.9 16.7 18.1 18.2 17.4 16.9 17.0 18.2 18.1
Turkey
United Kingdom 9.7 9.8 10.5 10.7 10.3 9.5 9.3 8.8 8.5 8.0 7.3 7.3
United States 11.4 11.2 11.8 12.0 11.7 12.1 11.8 11.6 11.5 11.9 12.3 12.3
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987

13.0 12.0 12.1 11.6 11.2 11.4 11.4 11.9 11.2 11.4 11.8 11.1 11.2 11.7 12.6 13.1
22.0 20.7 22.2 22.7 21.2 22.6 23.2 23.3 23.7 24.5 25.1 24.4 24.1 24.8 25.4 24.1
14.3 13.7 14.5 14.8 15.2 17.5 18.9 19.5 20.2 19.9 19.7 20.6 21.2 20.5 19.7 20.0
13.0 13.4 13.5 12.7 13.1 14.4 14.8 14.0 13.9 13.8 14.1 14.7 13.2 12.4 13.9 13.5
5.5 6.7 6.6 6.3 7.0 6.7 6.1 6.3
19.7 17.6
22.5 22.5 24.4 22.7 22.3 22.6 21.6 24.1 29.2 27.5 26.7 25.7 25.7 24.8 24.5 24.5
23.5 22.9 24.2 24.1 24.7 24.5 24.1 23.5 24.1 22.2 22.4 22.7 23.4 22.8 24.8 25.3
15.3 14.7 14.8 14.9 14.9 15.5 16.0 17.4 17.9 18.1 19.1 19.8 20.1 20.5 20.7 19.6
18.7 19.5 19.6 19.4 20.0 20.8 20.2 19.3 18.5 19.2 18.8 18.5 17.6 17.6 16.1 15.9
2.7 2.9 3.4 2.7 2.7 3.2 2.8 2.8 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.6 3.7
34.4 34.4 37.6 35.4 37.4 37.0 39.9 41.1 41.4 41.9 39.8 42.0 41.7 40.1 40.8 40.7
9.7 14.6 11.3 11.5 9.6 11.2 12.2 14.0 11.4 7.4 9.7 18.2 19.5 14.1 15.9 15.6
3.3 3.8 4.3 5.3 6.2 5.1 5.5 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.6 8.8 7.2 8.4 8.6 7.5
5.7 5.6 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.9 6.1 6.5 6.7 6.3 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.4 7.2 6.9
18.7 19.3 19.2 19.4 18.8 18.8 18.5 18.6 17.9 17.1 17.2 20.4 19.5 18.4 19.9 18.1
10.2 9.4 8.8
13.2 12.3 12.0 10.1 13.2 14.4 17.1 18.6 11.6 15.4 19.5 19.5 17.2 13.3 12.4 17.7
1.0 0.9 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.7 2.9 2.9
8.5 8.9 9.5 9.1 9.6 9.2 9.6 10.3 9.9 9.8 10.3 11.4 11.7 10.6 10.2 10.2
9.9 9.8 9.9 10.4 10.2 12.8 11.1 10.4 11.3 10.6 11.9 11.2 12.2 10.5 12.7 14.0
8.7 8.4 10.1 9.6 10.4 11.2 11.4 11.8 11.9 12.4 13.5 14.0 13.8 13.6 13.2 14.6
12.2 11.9 11.4 11.3 12.0 12.3 13.1 12.6 12.3 13.9 13.2 13.0 13.3
8.7 9.0 8.8 8.7 9.1 9.4 9.9 10.3 7.6 7.9 8.3 9.7 10.1 9.5 9.0 9.1

4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.8 5.6 6.2 6.2 6.8 6.8
18.6 19.1 18.3 18.0 17.5 18.0 17.4 18.7 17.7 15.8 17.4 17.1 17.7 16.2 16.6 16.2
19.1 18.2 19.8 21.7 21.1 22.7 22.7 23.2 23.8 21.9 22.7 23.0 22.5 22.5 20.4 21.2

7.1 7.3 7.4 7.0 7.2 7.5 7.6 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.1 8.0 8.0 8.2 7.8 7.4
12.6 12.4 12.5 12.8 12.5 13.1 12.2 11.9 11.6 11.7 11.9 11.8 12.0 11.9 12.3 12.1

34.8 30.4 28.9 26.1 24.2


8.0 7.1 6.3 6.1 7.1 6.4 6.5 7.6 7.4
31.3 28.6 29.5
1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

12.8 12.0 12.5 12.8 12.4 11.1 12.2 11.5 12.7 13.7 13.4 12.5 11.8 11.9 11.1 10.2
21.4 21.8 20.5 19.6 19.4 18.5 19.3 19.2 18.7 16.9 16.5 16.3 16.8 15.6 16.1 14.9
17.8 16.9 16.6 15.6 16.3 18.5 18.4 18.5 17.3 18.4 17.1 15.8
12.9 12.7 12.0 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.1 12.6 12.4 11.4 11.4 12.2 10.8 10.8 10.6 10.7
6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 5.4 6.0 6.3
17.8 17.2 17.8 17.0 17.5 17.0 16.3 15.2 13.6 14.2 13.7 13.6 13.8 13.4 12.8 14.2
22.7 23.2 20.5 19.2 18.7 18.9 16.0 15.0 14.3 13.2 12.2 12.4 11.4 11.3 10.8 9.7
26.0 26.1 27.8 27.1 26.2 24.8 24.9 24.7 22.1 23.4 21.5 21.2 20.4 20.7 18.8 18.4
18.5 18.5 17.7 17.7 17.8 18.6 18.1 17.5 16.6 16.3 15.4 15.0 15.6 15.0 15.1 15.3
14.6 13.7 14.5 14.5 13.8 13.0 13.0 13.1 12.4 12.3 11.7 11.2 11.0 11.0 10.8 10.8
3.6 3.5 3.1 3.3 3.0 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.4 2.9
37.0 37.1 35.3 34.0 34.2 31.4 30.7 28.1 28.4 26.5 26.8 28.1 27.5 24.3 23.2 22.6
15.1 8.9 15.9 14.7 10.9 10.1 9.6 10.2 12.3 12.1 10.6 10.7 18.0 12.2 9.7 8.7
8.0 8.4 10.1 10.2 10.7 9.4 11.2 11.2 11.2 12.6 13.2 11.1 11.8 12.2 11.1 10.8
6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.6 6.8 6.7 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.5
17.0 15.6 14.5 14.1 14.5 14.0 14.2 14.3 14.6 15.2 20.4 20.0 19.1 18.5 18.7 20.3
7.7 7.8 7.9 7.6 8.6 10.0 10.1 11.2 13.4 13.6 18.8 15.6 14.1 15.1 18.7 23.3
16.4 17.6 16.0 17.2 13.1 14.5 16.4 13.6 15.0 17.1 13.2 15.4 12.8 15.3 17.2 10.3
2.8 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.8 3.8 4.2 4.1 4.3
9.4 9.4 8.7 9.6 9.3 9.1 9.1 8.7 9.0 9.0 8.5 8.5 8.2 8.0 8.4 8.0
14.5 13.8 13.4 13.3 13.8 12.2 14.1 14.8 14.5 15.0 15.2 13.4 12.0 13.0 11.7 12.5
15.9 14.6 14.4 14.8 13.4 12.6 11.7 11.8 11.1 11.2 11.8 12.7 11.6 11.5 10.2 10.5
12.2 11.3 12.9 13.6 14.5 14.2 13.8 13.6 13.3 13.7 14.0 13.8 13.9 13.6
7.7 6.9 8.0 8.5 7.7 6.9 6.7 7.0 5.4 5.2 4.5 4.3 4.1 6.0 9.5 8.7
14.6 13.4 12.6 13.3 12.0 11.1 11.5 11.9 12.4 11.6 11.9 12.3
7.1 7.1 6.8 6.7 6.3 6.8 7.1 6.9 7.2 7.2 6.9 6.7 6.9 6.4 6.6 6.7
16.6 16.6 15.0 15.1 13.5 13.7 12.9 13.2 12.3 11.9 11.9 12.0 10.9 11.3 11.4 10.7
19.7 20.1 19.1 19.6 18.2 17.7 18.6 17.5 17.5 16.3 16.5 15.4 16.2 15.4 16.3 14.1

8.0 7.0 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.1 6.9 6.8 6.5 6.5 6.9 6.9 6.4 6.4 6.1
11.9 11.7 11.9 11.7 11.4 11.6 11.5 11.4 11.1 10.8 10.7 10.1 9.8 10.0 10.2 10.0

23.4 24.9 25.8 25.4 30.3 35.8 38.4 37.5 35.3 33.7 31.0 30.3 24.4 26.3 24.4 22.1
8.0 9.1 7.5 8.3 8.3 7.9 8.5 7.1 5.8 6.9 5.7 6.4 6.6 6.5 6.0 6.6
30.0 32.1 25.7 29.6 27.2 28.4 28.1 25.2 26.8 26.2 27.2 25.6 25.2 24.7 22.4 23.3
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

9.8 7.5
14.5 13.8 12.6 12.5 11.9
16.3
10.2

13.0 12.7 11.4 11.1 11.0


10.4 9.6 9.9
18.4 16.5 18.0 16.7 17.3
15.0 14.6 14.2 13.5
10.3 9.7 9.1
2.6 2.9 2.9 2.5 2.6
22.2 21.0 19.7 19.4 19.6
11.7 10.4 9.9 11.4 11.2
10.9 9.2 8.9 10.0 9.1
4.8 4.9
19.1 19.5 19.1 19.4 19.4
24.2 24.7 21.5
12.4 9.3 12.0
4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3
7.9 8.3 8.1 7.1
11.9 12.2 12.3
10.9 10.9 10.8 9.6
14.0 13.9 13.2 12.0 12.9

11.0 10.9
6.6 6.3
11.1 11.5 11.3 10.6
14.0 14.1 14.0 14.3

6.3 6.0 6.1 5.8


10.2 10.1

21.1 17.5 15.4 15.9 15.6


6.3 6.2 5.5
21.1 20.5 21.1 17.1 16.0
RISK FACTORS
Tobacco consumption, % of females 15+ who are daily smokers

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 28.0 26.0 28.0
Austria
Belgium
Canada 30.0 30.0 31.0 31.0 31.0 30.0 30.0 30.0
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark 47.0 45.0
Finland
France 11.0 10.0 10.0
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan 15.7 18.0 17.7 15.4 15.4 15.6 14.7
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands 40.0 42.0 42.0 40.0
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom 42.0 43.0 42.0 43.0 41.0 42.0 45.0 44.0 43.0 44.0 44.0 42.0
United States 33.9 33.9 31.4 30.5 31.5
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987

29.6 32.5 31.1 30.9 28.5


9.8 13.6 17.5
28.4 27.5 25.6 26.9 26.0 25.8
30.0 30.1 28.9 28.3 27.8 25.8

46.0 46.0 46.0 46.0 47.0 47.0 46.0 45.0 44.0 44.0 43.0 43.0 43.0 42.0 45.0 42.0
17.4 18.3 16.6 18.5 16.0 18.5 17.1 14.3 18.3 21.1
16.0 20.0
16.5
25.0
22.0
30.6
43.3 42.2 40.3 39.2 37.2 38.3 35.3 34.9 34.1 32.0 27.0 27.0
16.7 17.7 17.4
15.5 15.1 16.7 15.1 15.4 15.1 16.2 15.4 14.4 15.3 15.4 13.5 14.0 13.7 12.6 13.4

25.0

40.0 39.0 38.0 34.0 36.0 33.0 34.0 33.0 34.0 34.0 33.0
32.0 29.0 31.0 31.0 30.0 31.0 28.0
32.0 32.0 32.0 32.0 30.0 31.0 33.0 30.0 31.0 34.0 32.0 34.0 32.0 31.0 33.0

5.1

27.0 22.9
32.3 28.7 26.9 27.7 26.4 28.0 27.2 26.5 26.1

42.0 43.0 41.0 38.0 37.0 37.0 33.0 32.0 31.0


32.1 32.0 32.1 30.6 29.9 29.3 29.5 27.9 26.5
1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001

27.0 23.8 22.0 19.8 18.2


18.8
23.5 26.0 26.0 24.0 21.0 19.0 19.0 24.0 27.0 22.0 23.0 26.0 26.0 22.0
27.0 29.4 26.7 25.6 23.6 22.1 22.3 20.1

21.0 20.2 17.3


42.0 41.0 42.0 41.0 39.0 39.0 35.0 b 33.0 32.0 30.0 30.0 27.0 29.0 25.5
20.3 19.2 20.0 21.6 20.0 18.6 18.6 19.5 18.2 19.7 20.4 20.1 20.3 19.7
18.0 19.0 20.0 22.0 22.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 22.0 23.0 22.0 21.0 21.0
18.0 17.8 b 17.8 18.9
24.0 27.0 26.0 26.0 24.0 28.0 29.0 27.0
27.0 23.0
32.3 32.9 29.9 29.6 29.7 27.1 25.9 26.9 28.0 26.3 25.4 25.5 22.5 22.8
27.0 27.0 29.0 27.0 30.0 26.0 28.0 32.0 b
17.8 16.6 16.9 17.4 18.0 17.5 17.5 17.3 17.4 17.1
13.1 12.7 14.3 14.2 13.3 13.8 14.8 15.2 14.2 14.5 13.3 14.5 13.7 14.7
6.4 5.4 5.5 5.9 5.4
26.0 27.0 23.0 b
14.4 14.2 16.3
29.0 29.0 32.0 33.0 31.0 31.0 32.0 31.0 32.0 32.0 31.0 32.0 29.0 30.0
29.0 27.0 27.0 26.0 27.0 26.0 26.0 26.0 26.0 27.0 24.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
35.0 34.0 33.0 33.0 32.0 36.0 31.0 32.0 33.0 33.0 32.0 32.0 32.0 29.0
28.0 20.5 19.5
7.6 10.1

21.4 20.8 b 24.5 24.8 24.6


26.3 26.2 25.9 24.4 26.6 23.4 23.8 23.6 23.3 21.9 21.1 19.4 21.0 19.9
22.8 24.6
24.3 27.1
30.0 30.0 28.0 26.0 27.0 27.0 26.0 26.0
25.7 22.8 20.2 b 21.2 18.7 19.1 18.3 18.1 18.2 17.8 17.3 17.1
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

16.3 15.2
19.4
25.0 25.0 19.7 16.5 16.0 19.0 16.0
16.9 15.5 16.0 15.1
37.0
18.1 19.4
26.0 25.0 23.0 24.0 23.0 21.0 22.0 14.0
19.9 19.3 19.5 18.2 18.9 16.6 17.6
21.0 19.1 21.4 22.3
19.1 18.8
31.3 30.8 b 33.5
24.6
21.1 19.6 18.9 19.5 17.4 18.2 15.3 15.7
27.0 27.0
17.2 17.6 16.4 17.2 16.6 16.4 17.1
14.0 13.6 13.2 13.8 12.4 12.7 12.9 11.9
4.7 5.0 7.2
22.0 22.0 23.0 19.0 18.0 18.0 18.0
16.1
29.0 28.0 27.0 26.0 26.0 26.0 25.0 24.0
24.0 23.0 21.0 22.5 19.5 b 17.0
30.0 25.0 25.0 24.0 24.0 22.0 22.0 20.0
19.3
11.2
22.5
22.4 b 21.5
19.3 18.3 17.5 18.0 16.7
22.8 17.6
17.8 16.6 11.6
25.0 24.0 23.0 23.0 21.0 20.0 21.0
16.5 15.7 15.1 14.9 14.5 13.7 15.1

17.1
18.2 19.3 17.7 14.0 e
15.5
RISK FACTORS
Tobacco consumption, % of males 15+ who are daily smokers

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 58.0 55.0 45.0
Austria
Belgium 48.0
Canada 54.0 55.0 54.0 53.0 51.0 50.0 49.0 49.0
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark 70.0 69.0 68.0 68.0 67.0
Finland
France 57.0 43.0 45.0
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan 82.3 83.7 82.3 78.5 79.1 77.5 77.4
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands 81.0 78.0 75.0 69.0
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom 61.0 59.0 57.0 54.0 54.0 54.0 54.0 54.0 55.0 54.0 55.0 51.0
United States 51.9 52.5 47.8 45.9 44.1
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987

45.3 43.9 41.1 40.3 32.9


38.7 35.3 34.6
45.3 43.0 52.6 47.0 46.4 49.8 46.2 41.6
48.0 38.6 36.7 34.0 33.1 30.8

64.0 63.0 64.0 60.0 61.0 59.0 57.0 57.0 57.0 54.0 53.0 54.0 51.0 51.0 53.0 50.0
35.9 35.5 35.2 35.6 32.0 31.5 33.6 31.9 32.9 33.2
44.0 44.0
42.2
61.0
47.0
35.6
49.0 39.0 37.0 36.0 34.0
54.3 45.6 40.8
77.6 78.3 78.8 76.2 75.1 75.1 74.7 73.1 70.2 70.8 70.1 66.1 65.5 64.6 62.5 61.6

41.0

66.0 56.0 52.0 52.0 47.0 41.0 50.0 44.0 43.0 42.0 41.0
40.0 35.0 35.0 34.0 30.0 29.0 31.0
51.0 53.0 48.0 49.0 44.0 45.0 43.0 42.0 40.0 40.0 42.0 42.0 42.0 39.0 40.0

33.6

55.0 55.1
40.9 36.3 34.0 33.7 31.8 33.2 29.9 28.8 29.3

51.0 49.0 51.0 46.0 45.0 42.0 38.0 36.0 35.0


43.1 41.9 40.9 38.0 37.4 37.4 35.1 32.6 31.2
1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001

30.2 28.2 26.3 24.4 21.4


30.0
42.4 39.0 38.0 33.0 31.0 31.0 33.0 33.0 34.0 31.0 30.0 31.0 36.0 34.0
34.5 32.6 29.8 26.2 27.5 27.0 25.4 24.6

31.9 32.8 30.1


47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 46.0 45.0 39.0 b 38.0 36.0 34.0 32.0 35.0 32.0 33.5
33.4 33.3 32.4 33.3 32.8 30.1 27.1 29.1 27.3 29.6 30.2 27.0 27.3 28.2
36.0 37.0 38.0 39.0 37.0 36.0 35.0 36.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 33.0 32.0
32.8 32.4 b 31.3 30.9
62.0 60.0 51.0 53.0 57.0 46.0 46.8 44.0
44.0 38.2
32.8 31.0 30.8 31.4 28.1 26.1 27.9 26.7 28.2 28.2 24.5 25.0 23.3 24.5
30.0 32.0 31.0 30.0 30.0 31.0 29.0 34.0 b
37.8 35.6 34.5 34.4 35.4 33.6 32.6 32.8 31.9 31.6
61.2 61.1 60.5 61.2 60.4 59.8 59.0 58.8 57.5 56.1 55.2 54.0 53.5 52.0
65.7 65.7 66.7 58.2 52.9
40.0 39.0 29.0 b
38.3 38.3 42.9
37.0 36.0 43.0 44.0 43.0 42.0 43.0 41.0 41.0 39.0 39.0 36.0 35.0 39.0
29.0 27.0 28.0 27.0 27.0 28.0 28.0 27.0 26.0 26.0 26.0 26.0 25.0 25.0
41.0 37.0 36.0 36.0 37.0 38.0 35.0 33.0 34.0 35.0 34.0 32.0 31.0 30.0
55.0 43.8 37.0
32.7 32.0

51.5 44.0 b 43.5 42.1 39.2


27.7 25.5 25.8 25.7 25.2 23.3 21.6 22.0 21.2 16.5 17.0 19.2 16.8 17.9
33.9 33.6
62.8 67.6
33.0 31.0 30.0 28.0 29.0 28.0 28.0 28.0
30.8 28.4 24.2 b 23.6 22.3 22.9 22.0 22.6 21.6 20.8 21.2 20.3
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

18.6 18.0
27.3
33.0 30.0 28.0 23.4 29.0 25.0 24.0
20.4 19.1 20.3 19.9
48.0
30.9 29.6
30.5 31.0 29.0 28.0 26.0 28.0 24.0 18.0
27.5 25.7 27.1 26.0 24.4 25.8 24.0
32.0 28.2 31.0 30.6
29.8 27.9
46.0 49.9 b 46.3
36.9
22.2 25.4 21.5 19.5 21.3 20.7 20.3 15.9
27.0 31.0
31.3 31.4 28.7 29.2 28.6 28.9 29.9
49.1 48.3 46.9 45.8 41.3 40.2 39.5 38.9
47.3 42.2 44.7
30.0 34.0 30.0 27.0 24.0 24.0 23.0
39.1
38.0 36.0 35.0 35.0 36.0 32.0 32.0 32.0
25.0 24.0 23.0 22.5 21.9 b 19.3
29.0 27.0 27.0 26.0 23.0 22.0 21.0 21.0
33.9
28.7
25.5
34.2 b 31.6
16.3 16.7 15.0 13.9 12.3
31.0 23.4
51.1 50.6 43.8
27.0 28.0 26.0 25.0 23.0 22.0 22.0
20.5 19.4 19.0 19.1 19.0 17.1 17.9

38.6
32.3 32.0 29.0 31.0 e
22.4
RISK FACTORS
Tobacco consumption, % of population 15+ who are daily smokers

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 43.0 40.0 37.0
Austria
Belgium
Canada 42.0 42.5 42.5 42.0 41.0 40.0 39.5 39.5
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark 57.5 56.0
Finland
France 32.0 25.0 26.0
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan 49.0 50.9 50.0 47.0 47.3 46.6 46.1
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands 61.0 60.0 59.0 55.0
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom 51.5 51.0 49.5 48.5 47.5 48.0 49.5 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.5 46.5
United States 42.4 42.6 39.1 37.7 37.4
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987

37.8 38.4 36.0 35.4 30.6


22.9 23.5 25.5
40.5 37.3 36.0 38.4 36.1 33.7
39.0 34.4 32.8 31.2 30.4 28.3

55.0 54.5 55.0 53.0 54.0 53.0 51.5 51.0 50.5 49.0 48.0 48.5 47.0 46.5 49.0 46.0
26.6 27.2 26.1 27.2 24.4 24.9 24.6 22.8 25.1 26.7
30.0 30.0
28.5
43.0
34.5
33.0
45.6 34.5 31.5 30.5
35.5 31.7 29.1
46.6 46.7 47.8 45.7 45.3 45.1 45.5 44.3 42.3 43.1 42.8 39.8 39.8 39.2 37.6 37.5

33.0

53.0 48.0 45.0 43.0 42.0 37.0 42.0 39.0 39.0 38.0 37.0
36.0 32.0 33.0 32.0 30.0 30.0 30.0
41.0 42.0 40.0 40.0 37.0 38.0 38.0 36.0 35.0 37.0 37.0 38.0 37.0 35.0 36.0

19.0

41.0 38.4
32.4 30.4 30.6 29.0 30.5 28.5 27.6 27.7

46.5 46.0 45.0 42.0 40.0 39.0 35.0 34.0 33.0


37.1 36.1 36.0 34.1 33.5 33.2 32.1 30.1 28.8
1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001

28.6 26.0 24.1 22.1 19.8


24.3
33.0 32.5 32.0 28.5 26.0 25.0 26.0 28.5 30.5 26.5 26.5 29.0 31.0 28.0
30.8 31.0 28.2 25.9 25.5 24.5 23.8 22.3

26.1 26.2 23.5


44.5 44.0 44.5 44.0 42.5 42.0 37.0 b 35.5 34.0 32.0 31.0 31.0 30.5 29.5
26.7 25.9 25.9 27.0 26.0 23.9 22.7 24.0 22.4 24.1 25.1 23.2 23.4 23.8
27.0 28.0 30.0 31.0 29.0 29.0 28.0 29.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 27.0 27.0
25.1 24.8 b 24.3 24.7
43.0 43.5 38.5 39.5 40.5 37.0 37.6 35.0
35.5 30.2
32.5 32.0 30.3 30.5 28.9 26.6 26.9 26.8 28.1 27.3 25.0 25.2 22.9 23.6
28.5 29.5 30.0 28.5 30.0 28.5 28.0 33.0 b
27.8 25.7 25.4 25.6 26.4 25.2 24.7 24.7 24.4 24.1
37.2 36.9 37.4 37.7 36.9 36.8 36.9 37.0 35.9 35.3 33.6 33.6 32.9 32.7
34.6 34.7 35.2 33.5 30.4
33.0 32.0 26.0 b
25.8 25.1 27.7
33.0 33.0 37.0 38.0 37.0 36.0 37.0 36.0 36.0 36.0 35.0 34.0 32.0 34.0
29.0 27.0 28.0 26.0 27.0 27.0 27.0 27.0 26.0 26.0 25.0 26.0 25.0 25.0
38.0 36.0 35.0 34.0 35.0 37.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 34.0 33.0 32.0 32.0 30.0
41.5 31.5 27.6
19.5 20.6

35.9 32.1 b 33.7 33.2 31.7


27.0 25.9 25.8 25.1 25.9 23.3 22.7 22.8 22.3 19.2 19.1 19.3 18.9 18.9
28.2 28.9
43.6 47.4
32.0 30.0 29.0 27.0 28.0 27.0 27.0 27.0
28.1 25.5 22.1 b 22.3 20.4 21.0 20.0 20.3 19.9 19.2 19.1 18.7
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

17.4 16.6
23.2
29.0 27.0 23.7 20.3 22.0 22.0 20.0
18.6 17.3 18.4 17.5
42.0 37.9
24.1 24.3
28.0 28.0 26.0 26.0 25.0 24.0 23.0 16.0
23.4 22.2 23.0 21.8 21.4 20.6 20.4
26.0 23.4 25.9 26.2
24.3 23.2
38.6 40.0 b 39.7
30.4
21.6 22.4 20.2 19.5 19.3 19.4 17.8 15.8
27.0 29.0
24.0 24.2 22.3 23.0 22.4 22.4 23.3
30.9 30.3 29.4 29.2 26.3 26.0 25.7 24.9
25.9 23.5 25.8
26.0 28.0 27.0 23.0 21.0 21.0 20.0
26.4
34.0 32.0 31.0 31.0 31.0 29.0 28.0 28.0
25.0 23.0 22.0 22.5 20.7 b 18.1
29.0 26.0 26.0 25.0 24.0 22.0 21.0 21.0
26.3
19.6
24.3 25.0
28.1 b 26.4
17.8 17.5 16.2 15.9 14.5
26.8 20.4
34.5 33.4 27.4
26.0 26.0 25.0 24.0 22.0 21.0 22.0
18.4 17.5 17.0 16.9 16.7 15.4 16.5

26.2
24.9 25.5 23.2 22.2 e
18.9
RISK FACTORS
Alcohol consumption, Liters per capita (15+)

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
OECD countries
Australia 9.4 9.3 9.4 9.8 10.1 10.0 10.3 10.8 11.1 11.6 11.6 11.6
Austria 9.4 10.0 10.0 10.8 11.4 12.0 13.9 13.5 14.3 14.0 14.2 14.7
Belgium 8.9 9.0 9.1 8.8 9.5 9.7 9.6 9.9 10.4 10.5 11.7 12.0
Canada 7.0 7.1 7.3 7.5 7.6 7.8 8.1 8.3 8.3 8.5 8.8 9.4
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.9 6.6 6.5 6.9 7.2 7.3 7.9 8.6 9.3
Finland 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.9 5.7 5.8 6.4
France 20.4 20.6
Germany 7.5 10.2 13.4
Greece
Hungary 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.6 9.6 8.9 8.9 9.7 9.9 11.1 11.5 11.9
Iceland 2.5 2.8 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.1 3.3 3.8 4.1
Ireland 4.9 5.0 5.5 5.2 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.9 6.1 6.5 7.0 7.3
Italy 16.6 16.5 16.1 16.6 16.9 17.2 17.7 17.8 17.8 17.7
Japan 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.8 6.1 6.1
Korea
Luxembourg 13.1 10.4 12.7 13.2 12.8 13.4
Mexico
Netherlands 3.7 4.8 5.0 5.9 5.4 6.2 6.5 7.2 7.8 8.5
New Zealand 5.3 5.8 9.8 10.4
Norway 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.8 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.7 4.9
Poland 6.3 8.0
Portugal 17.2 19.5 18.7 19.6 19.6 16.9 16.8 17.8
Slovak Republic 6.9 7.1 7.4 8.1 9.3 10.5 11.1 11.6 11.8 12.2 12.8 13.6
Spain 14.6 14.5 14.8 15.5 17.0 15.4 15.8 16.1 16.1 15.9
Sweden 4.8 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.4 5.7 6.0 6.3 6.6 7.0 7.2 7.0
Switzerland 12.1 12.7 12.9 13.1 13.8 13.7 13.6 13.6 13.6 14.0 14.2 14.2
Turkey 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2
United Kingdom 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.8 7.1 7.4
United States 7.8 7.8 7.8 8.0 8.1 8.4 8.6 8.8 9.0 9.3 9.5 9.5
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
b : Break in series

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987

12.2 13.0 13.2 12.9 13.2 13.1 12.8 12.9 12.9 13.0 12.6 12.3 11.6 11.7 11.2 11.3
15.4 15.6 15.5 15.0 15.1 15.2 14.4 14.5 14.5 14.3 14.4 14.9 14.7 14.1 14.5 14.4
12.1 12.9 12.7 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.0 13.2 13.5 13.1 13.4 13.4 13.1 12.9 12.6 13.1
9.9 10.4 10.8 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.7 10.8 10.5 10.2 9.9 9.8 9.6 9.6

11.7 12.3 11.9 12.2 12.0 11.7 11.3 10.4


10.1 10.9 10.7 11.5 11.9 11.5 11.0 11.5 11.7 12.0 12.3 12.8 12.6 12.3 12.1 11.7
6.8 7.4 8.4 8.0 8.1 8.2 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.0 7.9 7.9 8.1 8.0 8.5 8.8
20.7 20.8 20.3 20.5 20.5 20.2 19.5 19.1 19.5 18.7 18.5 18.2 17.3 17.3 16.9 16.5
14.8 15.9 14.2 14.3 14.0 14.0 13.6 13.3
10.9 11.4 11.5 12.0 13.2 12.6 11.4 12.3 12.1 11.3 9.2 10.1
11.9 11.9 11.8 12.6 13.5 14.4 14.6 14.1 14.9 14.8 14.8 14.5 14.9 14.7 14.5 13.5
4.2 4.1 4.3 4.0 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.7
7.7 8.2 9.3 9.2 9.0 9.2 9.8 10.0 9.6 9.1 8.8 8.0 9.6 10.0 9.6 9.5
18.1 18.5 18.3 17.0 16.4 15.5 16.2 16.1 16.3 14.6 14.1 14.1 13.6 12.9 12.0 11.5
6.2 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.7 7.0 7.0 7.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.5 7.9

13.2 13.3 14.3 13.1 13.9 14.0 12.8 12.3 13.4 12.6 13.5 14.5 15.3 14.6 14.3 14.6
3.3 3.6 3.9 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.7
9.3 10.3 10.8 11.9 11.2 11.7 11.9 12.2 11.5 11.3 11.0 11.2 10.8 10.6 10.6 10.2
10.6 11.3 11.5 11.5 11.6 11.5 12.1 11.6 11.8 11.7 11.7 10.6 11.0 10.8 10.9 10.9
5.0 5.1 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.1 5.6 5.3 5.3 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.4
8.7 8.5 8.5 8.7 9.4 9.7 9.7
16.4 16.7 19.3 18.2 19.4 16.8 14.2 14.6 14.8 15.5 16.1 17.7 16.7 17.1 14.9 14.7
13.8 13.7 13.8 14.3 14.1 14.9 14.9 14.1 14.5 14.5 14.7 14.2 13.9 13.9 13.2 13.3
17.2 18.9 19.4 19.5 18.8 17.8 19.1 18.5 18.4 17.4 16.9 16.9 15.1 15.1 15.0 15.1
7.3 7.0 7.4 7.6 7.7 7.3 7.0 7.1 6.7 6.3 6.4 6.1 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.2
14.5 15.0 14.6 13.7 13.3 13.3 13.4 13.3 13.5 13.7 14.0 13.6 13.5 13.5 13.2 13.2
1.3 1.6 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.6 1.2 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.3
7.8 8.7 9.1 9.0 9.3 8.8 9.4 9.8 9.4 9.1 8.8 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.3 9.5
9.8 9.7 9.9 10.1 10.2 10.2 10.0 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.5 10.3 10.2 10.0 9.9 9.8
1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002

11.2 10.9 10.5 10.0 9.7 10.0 9.8 9.6 9.8 9.9 9.8 9.6 9.8 9.6 10.0
14.5 14.8 14.9 14.9 14.5 14.4 13.3 14.2 14.2 13.6 13.5 13.4 13.7 12.8 12.8
12.2 11.6 12.1 11.5 11.7 11.7 11.2 11.1 11.1 11.1 10.0 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.7
9.4 7.5 b 7.4 7.3 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.7

10.5 10.5 11.3 11.5 11.8 11.5 11.6 11.5 11.6 11.9 11.8 11.9 11.8 11.8 11.9
11.8 11.6 11.7 11.6 11.9 11.7 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.2 11.6 11.6 13.1 b 13.1 13.1
9.0 9.4 9.5 9.2 8.9 8.4 8.2 8.3 8.2 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.6 9.0 9.2
16.4 16.3 16.0 15.8 15.7 15.4 15.2 15.1 14.9 14.5 14.9 14.5 14.0 14.2 13.9
13.8 13.8 13.8 12.4 b 12.0 11.2 11.6 11.1 11.0 10.8 10.6 10.6 10.5 10.4 10.4
10.4 10.4 10.6 10.6 10.4 11.1 10.9 10.5 10.1 10.0 9.4 10.0 9.5 9.3 9.2
13.1 14.1 13.9 13.3 13.0 13.1 12.9 12.2 12.5 12.3 12.2 12.2 12.0 13.2 13.3
4.6 5.5 b 5.2 5.1 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.6 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.5
9.9 10.2 11.2 11.2 11.4 11.2 11.2 11.5 12.2 12.8 13.2 13.8 14.2 14.5 14.3
11.1 10.8 11.0 10.8 10.6 10.3 10.2 9.7 9.2 9.2 9.0 8.9 9.0 8.7 8.6
8.3 8.6 b 9.2 8.9 8.9 9.2 9.1 8.9 9.0 8.8 8.7 8.8 8.6 8.6 8.4
9.5 9.5 9.1 8.8 8.9 8.7 9.1 8.9 9.1 8.9 8.7 9.2 8.9 7.9 8.5
14.5 15.1 14.8 15.1 15.1 15.3 13.7 14.3 13.6 15.7 15.3 15.2 15.4 15.3 14.7
4.5 5.1 4.9 4.8 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.3 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.6
10.2 10.0 9.9 10.0 10.0 9.7 9.7 9.8 9.9 10.1 9.9 10.1 10.1 10.0 9.8
10.0 10.2 10.1 10.3 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.4 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.9 8.9 8.8 9.1
5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.0 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.5 5.9
9.5 9.3 8.3 8.8 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.2 8.1 8.7 8.5 8.4 8.4 7.8 8.1
13.6 14.4 16.1 15.8 15.2 14.9 14.5 14.3 13.7 13.0 13.2 13.0 12.9 12.3 11.6
12.9 13.0 13.4 13.7 12.7 12.1 10.6 10.3 10.7 10.3 9.8 10.0 8.9 8.7 8.8
14.1 13.9 13.5 13.2 12.5 12.1 11.7 11.4 11.1 12.0 11.9 11.7 11.5 11.5 11.2
6.4 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.5 6.9
13.2 13.1 12.9 12.9 12.3 12.1 11.8 11.4 11.3 11.2 11.1 11.1 11.2 11.1 10.8
1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
9.8 9.8 9.8 9.4 9.3 9.3 9.6 9.4 9.8 10.0 9.8 10.3 10.4 10.7 11.0
9.6 9.4 9.2 9.3 8.7 8.7 8.4 8.3 8.1 8.2 8.1 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.3
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

9.8 9.9 9.8 10.0 10.0


12.7 12.5 12.6 12.9 12.9 12.5
10.7
7.7 7.8 7.8 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.2
6.6
12.1 11.5 12.0 11.9 12.1 12.1
13.0 12.8 12.7 12.2 12.1 10.9
9.3 9.9 10.0 10.1 10.5 10.3
13.4 13.1 12.7 13.0 12.6
10.2 10.1 10.0 10.1 9.9 9.9
9.0
13.2 13.2 13.0 13.2 12.6
6.5 6.7 7.1 7.2 7.5 7.3
13.5 13.6 13.5 13.4 13.4 12.4
8.1
8.4 8.2 8.5 7.9 7.7 7.5
8.6 8.3 8.1 8.0 8.0 8.1
15.5
4.6 5.9 b
9.7 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.6
8.9 9.1 9.3 9.3 9.2 9.5 9.3
6.0 6.2 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.8
9.1 9.2 9.1 9.9 10.3 10.8
11.4
7.4 9.4 9.0 8.6 8.9 9.6
11.7
6.9 6.5 6.6 6.9 6.9
10.8 10.7 10.1 10.2 10.4 10.2
1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4
11.2 11.5 11.4 11.0 11.2 10.8
8.3 8.4 8.4 8.6 8.7

13.1 13.4 14.8 14.0

10.9
RISK FACTORS
Obese population, self-reported, % of females

1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland 7.3 7.3 8.1 7.8 7.4 7.0 7.9 6.8 7.8 7.9 7.6 8.2
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands 6.2 5.9 5.7 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.4 6.0 7.6
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain 7.3
Sweden 5.2 5.6
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

17.0 17.0
8.9 9.1
10.5 12.7 13.5
12.3 10.7 13.3 13.2 13.3 13.6

12.2 12.1 13.5 16.1


7.0 9.1 11.8
8.8 8.4 8.3 7.4 9.9 9.7 9.4 9.1 8.8 10.5 11.0 10.3 11.7 11.7 14.0 13.5
5.9 5.6 6.8 6.6 6.3 6.8 8.9 7.3 8.1 9.0 9.1 9.4
11.0 12.3 12.8

18.5 18.0
8.5 12.4
10.0 14.0
6.7 8.8 8.4 8.4 8.3 8.7 9.7

6.9 6.6 7.9 6.7 7.2 8.2 7.9 9.4 9.9 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.8 12.1 12.1 11.4

4.7 6.0 8.0 8.0


12.3 12.5
12.6 14.0
18.4 17.4 15.6
8.9 10.7 12.3 13.5 13.4
7.8 8.3 8.3 9.2 9.2 9.7 9.4 9.9 10.3
4.7 7.0 7.5
14.5

12.8 12.7
2006 2007 2008 2009

20.4
12.7
14.4
14.3 14.7

17.1

14.1 14.0 16.0


10.4 11.5
15.7
18.3 18.5

21.3
13.0
10.0 9.2 9.1

12.7 12.2 12.2 12.4

8.0

16.1

14.7 15.6
8.6 10.1
7.7
18.5

18.3
11.5 14.4 e
15.8
RISK FACTORS
Obese population, self-reported, % of males

1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland 6.0 7.5 6.7 6.8 6.9 8.2 7.3 6.5 7.2 8.8 8.1 8.3
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands 4.0 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.5 4.2 3.6 5.0
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain 6.4
Sweden 4.9 5.4
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

15.7 19.0
8.0 9.1
11.2 11.5 11.9
11.9 12.1 13.9 14.7 15.4 16.2

10.4 10.4 15.0 13.4


8.2 9.8 11.0
7.9 9.2 9.0 10.6 9.1 11.3 11.0 10.9 10.2 9.7 11.4 12.8 12.0 14.0 14.0 14.9
5.7 5.8 6.2 6.6 7.5 7.1 7.6 7.6 8.4 9.0 9.7 9.5
12.1 13.6 14.4

18.0 19.6
6.5 12.4
12.0 15.0
7.2 8.8 8.8 8.6 8.8 9.3 10.2

5.3 5.0 4.8 5.5 6.7 5.6 5.9 6.8 6.8 7.2 8.6 8.3 8.6 9.3 9.6 9.9

5.2 7.0 8.0 9.0


10.3 12.6
10.3 11.4
19.1 15.1 15.2
8.7 10.0 11.1 11.8 12.9
7.9 8.0 8.0 9.3 9.3 10.8 10.0 9.8 11.1
6.1 6.7 7.9
9.7

12.2 11.6
2006 2007 2008 2009

22.3
12.0
13.1
16.5 17.0

17.1

14.6 16.0 15.4


10.5 10.9
16.3
14.3 17.7

18.9
16.0
10.4 10.6 10.8

9.8 10.2 10.1 11.2

11.0

14.6

15.1 18.6
10.5 10.3
8.6
12.3

17.5
12.8 12.8 e
17.0
RISK FACTORS
Obese population, self-reported, % of total population

1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
OECD countries
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark 5.5
Finland 6.6 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.6 7.7 6.7 7.5 8.3 7.8 8.3
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands 5.1 4.7 4.8 5.2 5.0 4.8 5.3 4.8 6.3
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain 6.8
Sweden 5.5
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

Legend
e : Estimate

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

16.3 18.0
8.5 9.1
10.8 12.1 12.7
12.1 11.4 13.6 13.9 14.3 14.9

11.3 11.3 14.2 14.8


7.6 9.5 11.4
8.4 8.8 8.6 8.9 9.5 10.4 10.2 9.9 9.5 10.1 11.2 11.4 11.8 12.8 14.0 14.1
5.8 5.7 6.5 6.6 6.9 7.0 8.3 7.4 8.2 9.0 9.4 9.4
11.5 12.9 13.6

18.2 18.8
7.5 12.4
11.0 15.0
7.0 8.8 8.6 8.5 8.5 9.0 9.9

6.1 5.8 6.4 6.1 7.0 6.9 6.9 8.1 8.4 8.7 9.4 9.3 9.7 10.7 10.9 10.7

5.0 6.0 8.0 9.0


11.4 12.5
11.5 12.8
18.9 16.2 15.4
8.8 10.3 11.7 12.6 13.1
7.9 8.1 8.1 9.2 9.2 10.2 9.7 9.8 10.7
5.4 6.8 7.7
12.0

19.5 20.6 21.5 21.8 22.9 23.8 23.5 24.3 25.3

12.5 12.2
2006 2007 2008 2009

21.4
12.4
13.8
15.4 15.9

17.1

14.3 14.9 15.7


10.5 11.2
16.0
16.4 18.1

20.1
15.0
10.2 9.9 9.9

11.3 11.2 11.1 11.8

10.0

15.4

14.9 17.1
9.6 10.2
8.1
15.2

26.2 26.6 27.5

18.0
12.1 13.6 e
16.4
RISK FACTORS
Obese population, measured, % of females

1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
OECD countries
Australia 7.7 10.1 11.9
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan 2.9 2.4 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.9 2.3 2.5
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand 13.5
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom 8.0 12.0
United States 17.0
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

19.5 21.4

22.8 22.0
29.3
17.0

2.7 2.6 3.0 2.7 2.6 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.6 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.1 4.3
2.7 3.3 3.3
14.9 15.5 15.3 16.3 16.8 16.6 18.2 17.1 18.5
28.6 34.7

20.6 25.6

16.2 18.0

16.0 16.0 16.4 17.3 17.5 18.4 19.7 21.2 21.1 21.4 23.5 22.8 23.0 23.2 24.2
25.9 33.4 33.3 33.2

25.8
2006 2007 2008

24.0

23.2

24.0

3.3 3.3 3.4


3.9 3.6
19.4 18.8
34.5

27.0

16.7

24.2 24.4 24.9


35.3 35.5
RISK FACTORS
Obese population, measured, % of males

1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
OECD countries
Australia 9.1 8.6 9.8
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.2 1.1
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand 11.8
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom 6.0 8.0
United States 12.7
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

20.0 21.9

22.2
19.6

1.8 1.6 1.9 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.6 1.9 2.4 2.6 2.3 2.9 3.4 2.6 2.8
1.6 2.9
14.8 16.0 15.0 16.3 18.6 17.8 18.6 19.0
19.2

17.0 24.4

17.1

13.0 12.0 13.2 13.8 15.3 16.4 17.0 17.3 18.7 21.0 21.0 22.1 22.2 22.7
20.6 27.5 27.8 31.1

19.9
2005 2006 2007 2008

25.6

25.2 25.2

18.0

22.0

3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4


3.6 3.9 4.0
18.8 21.1 20.9
23.7 24.2

26.0

16.8 17.1

22.1 23.7 23.6 24.1


33.3 32.2
RISK FACTORS
Obese population, measured, % of total population

1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
OECD countries
Australia 8.3 9.2 10.8
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan 2.1 1.8 2.0 1.9 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 2.2 1.8 1.9
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand 12.7
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom 7.0 10.0
United States 15.0
Accession countries
Estonia
Israel
Slovenia

OECD Health Data 2010 - Version: June 2010


1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

19.8 21.7

22.5 23.6
24.5
17.0

2.3 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.6 2.5 2.7 3.1 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.6 3.2 3.0 3.9
2.2 3.2 3.5
14.9 15.8 15.1 16.3 17.9 17.3 18.4 18.2 18.6
24.2 30.2

18.8 25.0

16.5 17.6

14.0 14.0 15.0 16.0 16.0 17.0 18.0 19.0 20.0 21.0 22.0 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.0
23.3 30.5 30.6 32.2

22.9
2006 2007 2008

24.8

24.2

23.0

3.4 3.3 3.4


3.9 3.8
20.4 20.0
30.0

26.5

16.9

24.0 24.0 24.5


34.3 33.8