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# Code No: 45047 R07 Set No - 1

## III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations,Nov/Dec 2009

AEROSPACE VECHICLE STRUCTURES-I
Aeronautical Engineering
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
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## 1. (a) Derive equations of equilibrium.

(b) Derive compatibility equations. [8+8]

2. (a) Explain with neat sketches, what is Beam, Frame, and Truss?

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(b) Explain what is statically determinate structures and statically indeterminate
structures with neat sketches and examples? [6+10]

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3. Determine the vertical and horizontal deflection at the load P as shown in figure

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1 using Castiglianos theorem and also determine the h to R if the horizontal and
vertical deflections of the loaded end are equal. Assume uniform flexural rigidity.

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Figure 1:

4. Derive equation for the deflection of a continuous beam under elastic foundation.
Find the expressions for maximum deflection and bending moment of beam under

5. Explain Rayleigh Ritz method with suitable examples and also explain some im-
portant characteristics of Rayleigh Ritz method. 

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Code No: 45047 R07 Set No - 1
6. Derive the equation for torque and angle of twist for two cell closed section. Also
calculate the total strain energy stored 

## 7. A built up beam of I section of flange 300 mm and thickness of 50 mm and a web of

height 1000mm and thickness of 20 mm is simply supported at the ends. Compute
its length given that when it is subjected to a load of 40kN per meter length it is
deflected by 10 mm.Find out the safe load of this beam if it is used as a column
with both ends fixed. Assume factor of safety =4. Use Eulers formula E=210Gpa


## 8. (a) Explain stress concentration with examples and near sketches.

(b) Explain:
i. Sources of stress concentration in machine elements.

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ii. Equation related to theoretical and actual stress concentration factor.

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[8+8]

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Code No: 45047 R07 Set No - 2
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations,Nov/Dec 2009
AEROSPACE VECHICLE STRUCTURES-I
Aeronautical Engineering
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????

## 1. (a) What are the assumptions made in Euler’s theory ?

(b) What are the limitations of Euler’s theory ?
(c) How are the crippling load calculated for the following conditions?
i. one end is fixed and other end is free.
ii. both ends are provided with frictionless hinges.

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2. At a point in an elastic material, a direct tensile stress of 60N/mm2 and a direct
compressive stress of 40N/mm2 are applied on planes at right angles to each other.

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If the maximum principal stress is limited to 75N/mm2 (tensile), find the shear
stress that may be allowed on the planes. Also determine the minimum principal

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stress and the maximum shear stress.

## 3. (a) A 6 meter long cantilever beam subjected to u d l of ‘WKN/m: spread over



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the entire length, determine the minimum dimension of the beam so that the

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vertical deflection at free end does not exceed 125mm and the maximum stress
due to bending does not exceed 10KN/cm2 . Assume rectangular cross-section

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with depth equal to twice the breadth. Take E = 2x105 N/mm2
(b) Simply supported beam span 9m, depth 525mm carries a u d l which produce

w a bending stress of 90N/mm2 . Find the deflection at mid span, take E = 2x105
N/mm2

## using Castiglinos theorem E=2105 N/mm2 .

[10+6]

4. Determine the vertical deflection under 80 KN load for the beam shown in figure 2


Figure 2:

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Code No: 45047 R07 Set No - 2

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Figure 3:

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5. Determine the location of the shear centre for the cross section as shown in figure

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3. If b= 300 mm, t1 = 20 mm and t2 = t3 = 10 mm 

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6. Derive the differential equations of equilibrium in rectangular coordinates for a
three dimensional stress system with body forces and state the assumptions made.

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7. A semi-infinite beam with free ends is resting on an elastic foundation. The beam is
100 mm wide and 150 mm thick. Determine the maximum deflection and moment

w win the beam if (i) a force of 800 N is applied at one end, (ii) a moment of 8 N-
m is applied at one end. Assume E = 2x105 N/mm2 , ν = 0.28, and modulus of
foundation as 10.5N/mm2 .


length‘l’.

## (a) Write expression for the potential energy.

(b) Determine the displacement u(x) using the Rayleigh-Ritz method. Assume
displacement field u(x)=a0 + a1 x+a2 x2 . 

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Code No: 45047 R07 Set No - 3
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations,Nov/Dec 2009
AEROSPACE VECHICLE STRUCTURES-I
Aeronautical Engineering
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????

1. A steel beam of length 2 m is resting on an elastic foundation and has free ends.
The beam is 10 mm wide and 120 mm thick and carries two concentrated forces
of 1kN, one at each end. Determine the maximum bending stresses developed in
the beam. Assume E = 2x105 N/mm2 , ν = 0.30 and modulus of foundation as
10.5N/mm2 .

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2. A bar 5 m long and 50 mm in diameter is clamped at its lower end. The upper

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end is subjected to horizontal 100 N and vertical force equal to th of Eulers
load. Determine the lateral displacement of the upper end of bar. Take E=200 x
109 N/m2 .

## 3. (a) Explain what is PVD and PVF ?

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(b) Define and give the proof of Castiglianos first theorem [8+8]

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4. Explain the torsion of thin walled multicell structure section subjected to twisting.

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5. Find the natural frequencies of longitudinal vibrations of the stepped shaft of areas
A and 2A and of equal length (L), when it is constrained at one end as shown in

w wfigure 4. 

Figure 4:

6. A 200mm × 300mm cross section beam supported simply and subjected to a uni-
formly distributed load of 6kN/m over an effective span of 4m. Calculate the
magnitude and direction of the principal stress at a point located 0.50m from the
left support and 50mm above the neutral axis. 

7. (a) Prove complimentary nature of shearing stresses and define the direction of
positive shear stresses.

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Code No: 45047 R07 Set No - 3
(b) Derive equation for a generalized Hooks law. [8+8]

8. A horizontal girder of steel having uniform section is 14m long and is simply sup-
ported at its ends. It carries concentrated loads of 120kN and 80kN at two points
3m and 4.5m from the two ends respectively. ‘I’ for the section of the girder is 16×
108 mm4 and Es = 210kN/mm2 . Calculate the deflection of girder at points under
the loads and also maximum deflection. 

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Code No: 45047 R07 Set No - 4
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations,Nov/Dec 2009
AEROSPACE VECHICLE STRUCTURES-I
Aeronautical Engineering
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????

## 1. Find the displacement at node 2 of a fixed beam shown in figure 5: subjected to

an axial load P at node 2. 

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Figure 5:

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2. Thin walled circular beam cross section is subjected to transverse load F. Determine
the variation of shear flow through out the cross-section as shown in figure 6

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Figure 6:

3. Determine the deflection under 60 KN load for the beam ACB as shown in figure
7 using Castiglinos theorem E=2105N/mm2 

## 4. A rectangular block of material is subjected to a tensile stress of 100 N/mm2 on

one plane and a tensile of 50N/mm2 on a plane at right angles, together with shear
stresses of 60N/mm2 on the same planes. Find:

## (a) The direction of the principal planes.

(b) The magnitude of the principal stresses.

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Code No: 45047 R07 Set No - 4

Figure 7:

## (c) The magnitude of the greatest shear stresses.

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5. A steel gun barrel is subjected to an internal pressure of 70MPa.The internal di-
ameter of the barrel is 75mm and external diameter of 225 mm. A steel band 25

## (a) the shrinkage pressure on the gun barrel.

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mm thick and internal diameter 0.075 mm smaller than the external diameter of

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(b) Maximum stress in the steel band, and
(c) Maximum temperature to which the band must be heated to make the as-

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sembly. For steel E=200 GPa, v=0.3 and coefficient of thermal expansion

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=10x10−6/0 C

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6. A cantilever beam of length ‘l’ carries uniformly distributed load of w per unit run
over whole length. The free end of the cantilever beam is supported on a prop. If

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the prop sinks by ‘δ’ find the prop reaction. 

7. For a column with both ends hinged, subjected to compressive load P, derive the
critical load equation using energy method. The buckling canQ be expressed as a
function of distance x along the length of column L. y = A sin x/L 

## 8. A semi-infinite beam resting on an elastic foundation is hinged at one end and a

moment of 12N-m is applied at the hinged end. If the beam is 80 mm wide and 60
mm thick, determine the maximum deflection and stresses in the beam. Assume E
= 2x105 N/mm2 , ν = 0.30 and modulus of foundation as 8.4N/mm2 . 

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