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Unit Kegiatan belajar Mandiri (UKBM)


(Kode UKBM)
(Kode UKBM)

1. Identitas

a. Nama Mata Pelajaran : Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris

b. Kelas / Semester : X / Ganjil
c. Kompetensi Dasar :

3.5. Membedakan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan beberapa
teks recount lisan dan tulis dalam bentuk biografi dengan memberi dan
meminta informasi terkait tokoh terkenal, sesuai dengan konteks
4.5. Teks recount dalam bentuk biografi
4.5.1. Menangkap makna secara kontekstual terkait fungsi sosial, struktur
teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks recount lisan dan tulis, dalam
bentuk biografi terkait tokoh terkenal
4.5.2. Menyusun teks recount lisan dan tulis, dalam bentuk biografi, terkait
tokoh terkenal, dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks,
Materi Pokokdan unsur kebahasaan, secara benar dan sesuai konteks
d. :Biographical Recount
e. Alokasi Waktu :4 JP x 45 menit
f. Tujuan Pembelajaran :

Melalui pembelajaran discovery learning denganmetodediskusi,

tanya jawab, penugasan, presentasi dan analisis, peserta didik dapat
menangkap makna secara kontekstual terkait fungsi sosial, struktur
teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teksrecount lisan dan tulis dalam bentuk
biografi dengan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait tokoh terkenal,
sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya sehingga peserta didik dapat
meneladani, membanggakan, bertindak teratur, teliti, disiplin,
kerjasama, dan bertanggung jawab dalam komunikasi dengan orang
lain, serta dapat mengembangkan kemampuan berpikir kritis,
komunikasi, kolaborasi, kreativitas (4C).
Unit Kegiatan belajar Mandiri (UKBM)
g. Materi Pembelajaran :

Definisi of Biographical
A biography, or simply bio, is a detailed description of a person's
life. It involves more than just the basic facts like education, work,
relationships, and death; it portrays a person's experience of these life
events. Unlike a profile or curriculum vitae, a biography presents a
subject's life story, highlighting various aspects of his or her life,
including intimate details of experience, and may include an analysis
of the subject's personality.
The purpose of a biographical recount is to inform by retelling
past events and achievements in a person’s life.

Orientation: It given the reader the

background information as two why this
person is not worthy and should have a
biography written about. The opening
paragraph should answer the questions: who,
what, where, when, and how.

Generic Series/Event : It presents a series of events,

usually told in chronological order. Here the
structu writer might refer to a certain time on line.

re Reorientation: It consists of a type of

conclusion with a comment on the
contributions this person has made or a
summary and evaluation of the person’s
Unit Kegiatan belajar Mandiri (UKBM)

The Language Features of a Biographical


Use of names of
Use of action verbs
specific people.
(painted, wrote, invented,

Mainly written in simple past

tense (the final paragraph could
also include the present tense). Use of connectives to do with time
(last year, then, at the same time,
next, on Tuesday 24 May, later,
before, meanwhile).

Autobiography is a self-written
autobiography account of the life of a person.

2. Peta Konsep



Unit Kegiatan belajar Mandiri (UKBM)
Kegiatan Pembelajaran

a. Pendahuluan

Someone will be remembered, because of his achievements right? just like you as
student should keep studying and reach achievement. How we know the history and
achievement of a famous figure? Yes, by read the biography of famous figure.
Do you have favourite figure? Can you tell me?
Have you even read a biography of famous figure that you like?
Read more biographies of famouse people. Reading this kind of texts may inspire
you to be a better person.

b. Inti
1) Petunjuk Umum UKBM
Baca dan pahami materi pada Buku Teks Pelajaran Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
a) Setelah memahami isi materi dalam bacaan berlatihlah untuk berfikir tinggi
melalui tugas-tugas yang terdapat pada UKBM ini baik bekerja sendiri maupun
bersama teman sebangku atau teman lainnya.
b) Kerjakan UKBM ini dibuku kerja atau langsung mengisikan pada bagian yang
telah disediakan.
c) Kalian dapat belajar bertahap dan berlanjut melalui kegiatan ayo berlatih,
apabila kalian yakin sudah paham dan mampu menyelesaikan permasalahan
dalam kegiatan belajar yang ada, kalian boleh sendiri atau mengajak teman lain
yang sudah siap untuk mengikuti tes formatifagar kalian dapat belajar ke UKBM
2) Kegiatan Belajar
Kalian sudah siappp ???
Ayo…… ikuti kegiatan belajar berikut dengan penuh kesabaran dan penuh
konsentrasi ya !!!

Kegiatan Belajar 1

Look at the picture below. Do you know these people? What are they
famous for? Discuss with your friends?

Ayoo Berlatih !
Unit Kegiatan belajar Mandiri (UKBM)
Setelah kalian memahami materi pada kegiatan belajar 1 melalui literasi,
pengamatan dan diskusi dengan teman-teman, cobalah berlatih soal-soal berikut
ini ya...

Ir. Soekarno

Soekarno was born in Surabaya, on June 6, 1901, and named as Koesno Sosrodihardjo, however he was
often sick so that his parents changed his name into Soekarno. Many people adored him because he had many
special characteristics. He was charismatic and he made many people grace him. His parents were teachers
who had huge influence. They were Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjon and Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai. Soekarno had
many wives. They are Oetari, Inggit Ganarsih, Fatmawati, Hartini, Kartini Manoppo, Ratna Sari Dewi,
Haryati, Yurike Sanger, and Heldy Djafar. Fatmawati gave him five children. They are Megawati Soekarno
Putri, Sukmawati Soekarno Putri, Rachmawati Soekarno Putri, Guntur Soekarno Putra and Guruh Soekarno
Soekarno went to primary school in Mojokerto and after that he continued to high school in Surabaya.
There were many advantages by having education in Surabaya. One of those was he knew many figures who
had reformist soul and they were willing to struggle for Indonesia’s independence. After he graduated from
high school, he continued his study in Bandung. At that era, he chose Netherlands engineering school or now it
is well-known as ITB (Bandung Intitute of Technology).
After he finished his study, Soekarno realized and became more concerned in the struggle to reach the
independence of Indonesia. The history noted that his effort was hard and he often dealt with law. Soekarno
also establish a party named Indonesian National Party on July 4, 1927. The purpose of this party was to free
Indonesia from Netherlands colonial government. Due to his bravery, the colonial government arrested him
and he was jailed in Suka Miskin, on December 1929. He was free from the jail in 1931.
Nevertheless, his struggle came true than on August 17, 1945, Soekarno and Moh. Hatta declared the
independence and freedom of Indonesia. This declaration of independence brought them together to be the first
president and vice president of Indonesia. During his presidency, Soekarno faced many problems. He focused
in building the image of Indonesia to eyes of the world. Soekarno also got many awards. One of them was a
doctor title from 26 universities in Indonesia and the other countries, such as Gajah Mada University,
Indonesia University, Bandung Institue of Technology, Padjadjaran University, Hasanuddin University, Institut
Agama Islam Negeri Jakarta, Columbia University (Amerika Serikat), Berlin University (Jerman), Lomonosov
University (Rusia) and Al-Azhar University (Mesir). President Soekarno also gave many ideas to the
international world. He felt empathically to help the countries in Africa which had not got their independence
yet, therefore he initiated to hold a conference of Asia-Africa in Bandung in 1955.
Soekarno had to step back in 1967. After his presidency period, he spent his time in Bogor Palace. Day by
day, his health became worsen so that he had to get care from president’s doctor team. He passed away on June
20, 1970, in Jakarta. Soekarno is well-know as the founding Father of Indonesia. He was given a title as
proclamation here. The story of Soekarno was filmed by Hanung Bramantyo with title “Soekarno : Indonesia

Answer the following question by referring to the reading text about Ir. Soekarno.
1. Why did Soekarno jailed in Suka Miskin, on December 1929?
2. Where did Soekarno continued his study after Senior High School?
3. When did Soekarno passed away?
4. What did Soekarno achieved during his term as president?
5. Explain, why soekarno got title the father of proclamation?
Unit Kegiatan belajar Mandiri (UKBM)

KegiatanBelajar 2

How to read an autobiography

What's your story? Anyone who has lived a full life has something fascinating to
share with the world. The trick to writing an autobiography is to treat it like any good
story: it should have a protagonist (you), a central conflict, and a cast of fascinating
characters to keep people engaged. You may want to think about a certain theme or idea
that has been present in your daily life to revolve your story around. Read on to learn
how to craft the story of your life and polish your writing to make it sing.

Step 1. Write out your life timeline. Start writing your autobiography by conducting
research on your own life. Creating a timeline of your life is a good way to make sure
you include all the most important dates and events, and it gives you a structure to build
upon. You can consider this the "brainstorming" phase, so don't hesitate to write down
everything you can remember, even if you don't think the memory will make it into the
final version of the book.
a. Your autobiography doesn't have to begin with your birth. You may want to include some
family history as well. Write down information about your ancestry, your grandparents'
lives, your parents' lives, and so on. Having information about your family history will help
readers get a sense of how you became the person you are.
b. What happened when you were a teenager? What led you to make the decisions you
c. Did you go to college? Write about those transitory years, too.
d. Write about your career, your relationships, your children, and any big life-altering events
that occurred.
Unit Kegiatan belajar Mandiri (UKBM)
Step 2. Identify the main characters. Every good story has interesting characters,
friends and foes who help move the plot along. Who are the characters in your life? It's a
given that your parents will play a role, along with your spouse and other close family
members. Think beyond your immediate family to others who have affected your life and
should play a role in your autobiography.
a. Teachers, coaches, mentors, and bosses are extremely influential in people's lives. Decide
whether someone who has been a role model (or the opposite) for you will figure into your
b. Ex boyfriends and girlfriends might co-star in some interesting stories.
c. What enemies have you had in life? Your story will be boring if you don't include some
d. Offbeat characters such as animals, celebrities you've never met, and even cities are often
points of interest in an autobiography.

Step3. Pull out the best stories. The story of your entire life would start to get pretty
long-winded, so you'll have to make some decisions about what anecdotes you're going
to include. Begin drafting your manuscript by writing out the main stories that will be
woven together to create a picture of your life. There are a few main topics that most
autobiographies cover since readers find them fascinating.
a. The childhood story. Whether your childhood was happy or traumatic, you should include a
few anecdotes that give a picture of who you were and what you experienced at the time.
You can tell the story of your childhood by breaking it down into smaller anecdotes that
illustrate your personality - your parents' reaction when you brought home a stray dog, the
time you climbed out the window at school and ran away for 3 days, your friendly
relationship with a homeless person living in the woods . . . get creative.
b. The coming of age story. This heady and often sensual period in a human's life is always of
interest to readers. Remember that it's not about writing something unique; everyone
comes of age. It's about writing something that resonates with readers.
c. The falling in love story. You could also write the opposite of this, the never-finding-love
d. The identity crisis story. This usually occurs in the 30s or 40s, and is sometimes referred to
as a mid-life crisis.
e. The story of facing down some force of evil. Whether its your battle with addiction, a
controlling lover, or a madman who tried to kill your family, you've got to write about
conflict you've experienced.
Unit Kegiatan belajar Mandiri (UKBM)

Step 4. Write in your own voice. People read autobiographies to gain insight on what its like to
be someone else. Being authentically you is a sure way to keep people engaged. If your writing
is formal and stiff, or if it reads like a college essay instead of an expose on your life, people will
have trouble getting through the book.
a. Write as though you're opening your heart to a trusted friend, in prose that's clear, strong
and not too cluttered with vocabulary words you rarely use.
b. Write so that your personality is revealed. Are you funny? Intense? Spiritual? Dramatic?
Don't hold back; your personality should come through in the way you tell your story.

Step5.Be revealing. You don't have to be explicit, but it's important to reveal truths about
yourself and your life in an autobiography. Don't let the book become a list of your
accomplishments, with all the negative material carefully kept under the rug. Present yourself as
a whole person, sharing talents and flaws alike, and your readers will be able to identify with
you and hopefully root for you as they make their way through your story.
a. Don't always cast yourself in a positive light. You can have foibles and still be the
protagonist. Reveal mistakes you've made and times when you've failed yourself and other
b. Reveal your inner thoughts. Share your opinions and ideas, including those that may spark
controversy. Be true to yourself through your autobiography.

Step6. Capture the spirit of the times. How was your story shaped by the moment in history in
which it took place? What wars influenced your politics? What cultural events inspired you?
Unit Kegiatan belajar Mandiri (UKBM)
Discussing what happened in the world at large during your lifetime is a good way to make your
story more relevant and interesting to those reading it.

Ayoo Berlatih !

Setelah kalian memahami materikegiatanbelajar 2, cobalah berlatihsoal berikut ini ya...

Using Soekarno’s biography as refrence, make your own
biography/autobiography. Note also generic structure and
language feature.
B. Match the word with its meaning!

Words Meaning

1. Aristocrat a. When someone cannot see things that are far away clearly.
2. Household b. To store sounds or moving pictures using electronic equipment
3. Enrage so that they can be heard or seen later.
4. Guerilla c. To cause someone to become very angry.
5. Myopia d. Someone who starts their own business, especially when this
6. Arthritis involves seeing a new opportunity.
7. Entrepreneur e. A serious condition in which a person’s joints become painful,
8. Record swollen, and stiff.
9. Assemble f. An object, such as a piano, guitar or drum, which is played to
10. Instrument produce musical sounds.
g. A group of people, often family, who live together.
h. To come together in a single place or bring parts together in a
single group.
i. Using unusual methods to get attention for your ideas,
products, etc.
j. A person of high social rank, a member of the aristocracy.

KegiatanBelajar 3

1. Clinton graduated from Georgetown University in 1968.

2. He served as governor of Arkansas until he managed to defeat President George
3. Drunken Monkey in the Tiger’s eye was a major hit throughout East Asia.

The bold sentences in the examples use past forms. It is used to

state the activity happened in the past.

Ayoo Berlatih !
Unit Kegiatan belajar Mandiri (UKBM)

Read the following incomplete sentences. Complete them with

am/is/are (present) or was/were (past).
Last year, they _____ 15, so they ______ 16 now.
This Monday the weather _____ cool, but last Monday it
_______terribly hot.
I _____ very thirsty. Can somebody give me a glass of
Last night I __________ very tired. This morning I feel energetic.
I _____ happy with my room now. Last week, it _____ very dirty
and messy.
Don’t buy those gadgets. They _____ expensive.
Hey, I like your new headscarf. It fits you well. ____ it expensive?
This time a month ago, I ________ still in Papua.
“Where ______ the ladies?” “I don’t know. They _______ in the
living room five minutes ago.”
They ______ happy and optimistic now. When I met them last
year, they ________ unhappy and pessimistic.

c. Penutup

Bagaimana kalian
Setelah sekarang?
kalian belajar bertahap dan berlanjut melalui kegiatan
belajar 1, 2 dan 3, berikut diberikan Tabel untuk mengukur diri
kalian terhadap materi yang sudah kalian pelajari. Jawablah
sejujurnya terkait dengan penguasaan materi pada UKBM ini di Tabel berikut.

Tabel Refleksi Diri Pemahaman Materi

No Pertanyaan Ya Tidak
1. Apakah anda memahami contoh teks recount terkait
biografi, baik lisan maupun tulisan?
2. Apakah anda memahami fungsi sosial, struktur teks,
dan unsur kebahasaan dari teks recount terkait
Unit Kegiatan belajar Mandiri (UKBM)
3. Apakah anda dapat menganalisis fungsi sosial,
struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan dari teks recount
terkait biografi?
4. Apakah anda dapat merespons makna dari teks
recount terkait biografi, baik lisan maupun tulisan?
5. Apakah anda dapat menyusun teks recount terkait

Jika menjawab “TIDAK” pada salah satu pertanyaan di atas, maka pelajarilah kembali
materi tersebut dalam Buku Teks Pelajaran (BTP) dan pelajari ulang kegiatan belajar 1, 2
dan 3 yang sekiranya perlu kalian ulang dengan bimbingan Guru atau teman sejawat.
Jangan putus asa untuk mengulang lagi!. Dan apabila kalian menjawab “YA” pada
semua pertanyaan, maka lanjutkan berikut.

Dimana posisimu?
Ukurlah diri kalian dalam menguasai materi pelaku ekonmi dalam kegiatan ekonomi
dalam rentang 0 – 100, tuliskan ke dalam kotak yang tersedia.

Sukses untuk kalian!!!