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1-OCTADECENE (ALPHA-OLEFIN C18) http://chemicalland21.com/industrialchem/organic/1-OCTADECENE.

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1-OCTADECENE
PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
CAS NO. 112-88-9
EINECS NO. 204-012-9
FORMULA CH2=CH(CH2)15CH3
MOL WT. 252.48
H.S. CODE
DERIVATION
CLASSIFICATION
TOXICITY
SYNONYMS Octadecene-1; alpha-Octadecene; Octadec-1-ene;
Octadecylene; alpha-Olefin C18; n-1-Octadecene;
PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
PHYSICAL STATE clear liquid
MELTING POINT 17 - 18 C
BOILING POINT 315 C
SPECIFIC GRAVITY 0.793
SOLUBILITY IN WATER Insoluble
pH
VAPOR DENSITY
AUTOIGNITION 450 C
NFPA RATINGS Health: 1; Flammability: 1; Reactivity: 0
REFRACTIVE INDEX 1.449
FLASH POINT 155 C
STABILITY stable under ordinary conditions
GENERAL DESCRIPTION & APPLICATIONS
Alkene is a hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon-carbon solid bond (C=C) with general
formula CnH2n in case of only one solid bond alkenes. Alkenes undergo following reactions:

Oxymercuration reaction in water or hydroboration-oxidation to produce alcohol


Catalytic oxidation with percarboxylic acids to produce epoxides
Cleavage with ozone to yield aldehydes or ketones
Cleavage in the presence of potassium permanganate to produce either 2 ketones or
carboxylic acid + ether
Catalytic addition of hydrogen to produce corresponding alkanes in the presence of a
metallic catalyst (platinum, nickel, palladium)
Electrophilic addition of a hydrogen halide to produce the corresponding haloalkanes
Electrophilic addition of a halogen elements to produce the corresponding v icinal
haloalkanes
Electrophilic addition of an aldehyde or ketone with water and a protic acid to
produce the corresponding diols
Electrophilic addition of formaldehyde without water to produce allyl alcohol
Electrophilic addition of excess formaldehyde to produce dioxane
Electrophilic addition of an aldehyde or ketone with acetic acid to produce the
corresponding esters

Alkenes undergo either free-radical or an ionic mechanism polymerization at their solid bond with
themselves or other monomers forming homopolymers or copolymers which are used as v arious
plastics, coatings, adhesives, elastomers, and paints. Some members of minor olefins for
characteristic property of polymer as monomer and chemical intermediate for target molecules:

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1-OCTADECENE (ALPHA-OLEFIN C18) http://chemicalland21.com/industrialchem/organic/1-OCTADECENE.htm

Product CAS RN
Vinylmethylketone 78-94-4
Allylglycidyl ether 106-92-3
4-Vinylcyclohexene-1,2-epoxide 106-86-5
Allyl chloride 107-05-2
Isooctene 107-39-1
Vinylacetonitrile 109-75-1
Cyclohexene 110-83-8
Methylundecylenate 111-81-9
1-Octene 111-66-0
1-Octadecene 112-88-9
Undecenylacetate 112-19-6
1-Dodecene 112-41-4
10-Undecenal 112-45-8
Estragole 140-67-0
Cyclopentene 142-29-0
3-Phenyl-1-propene 300-57-2
Neohexene 558-37-2
1,5-Hexadiene 592-42-7
1-Heptene 592-76-7
1-Hexadecene 629-73-2
Trimethylolpropane diallyl ether 682-09-7
4-Phenylbutene 768-56-9
Undecene 821-95-4
1-Decene 872-05-9
Methallyl chloride 999-55-3
1-Tetradecene 1120-36-1
Allylisocyanate 1476-23-9
Allylpentafluorobenzene 1736-60-3
Phenyl allyl ether 1746-13-0
2-Hydroxy-4-allyloxybenzophenone 2549-87-3
Vinylnorbornene 3048-64-4
1-Eicosene 3452-07-1
1,7-Octadiene 3710-30-3
Allylsuccinic anhydride 7539-12-0
2-Methyl-3-butenitrile 16529-56-9
N-Ethyl(2-methylallyl)amine 18328-90-0
3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,6-Nonafluoro-1-hexene 19430-93-4
3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9,10,10,10-Heptadecafluorodec-1-ene 21652-58-4
1-Triacontene 36731-14-3
11-Methylenetricosane 51732-26-4
m-Diallylbenzene 52448-03-0
13-Methyleneheptacosane 194243-01-1
12-Methylenepentacosane 210573-39-0

Alpha olefin is an olefin featured by the position of solid bond (reactive unsaturation) at the two
end carbons in carbon chains. The china length, position and number of branches provide a wide
range of physical and chemical properties for the proper application selections. Alpha olefins and
their derivatives are used as comonomers in polymer such as low density polyethylenes for the
properties of lighter, thinner, better flexibility and more tearing resistance. They are used in the
production of linear plasticizers, oxo-alcohols, motor fuels, lubricants, automotive additives,
biodegradble surfactants, paper size, and in a wide range of specialty applications in the
production of mercaptans, flavors and fragrances, alkyl metals, halides, alkyl silanes.
SALES SPECIFICATION
APPEARANCE clear liquid
n-ALPHA OLEFINS 90.0% min
C18 97.0% min

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1-OCTADECENE (ALPHA-OLEFIN C18) http://chemicalland21.com/industrialchem/organic/1-OCTADECENE.htm

VINYLIDENES 8.0% max


PARAFFINS 0.5% max
MOISTURE 0.5% max
COLOR, APHA 30 max
TRANSPORTATION
PACKING
HAZARD CLASS
UN NO.
OTHER INFORMATION
Hazard Symbols: XI, Risk Phrases: 36/37, Safety Phrases: 24/25-28A-37-45

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