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DAFTAR ISI

KATA PENGANTAR ........................................................................ iii


DAFTAR ISI ...................................................................................... iv

BAB 1. PENDAHULUAN ............................................................ 1

1.1. Perencanaan Struktur Bangunan ................................... 1


1.2. Peraturan Struktur Bangunan Indonesia ........................ 3
1.3. Batasan Tinjauan ............................................................ 4
1.4. Data Struktur Bangunan ................................................. 5

BAB 2. PERHITUNGAN GORDING ........................................... 8

2.1. Pendahuluan ................................................................... 8


2.2. Perencanaan Awal .......................................................... 9
a. Pembebanan ........................................................... 9
1. Data perencanaan ........................................... 11
2. Beban mati ...................................................... 13
3. Beban hidup .................................................... 14
4. Beban angin .................................................... 15
5. Beban terfaktor ................................................ 16
6. Momen lentur dan gaya geser ......................... 18
b. Penentuan Dimensi Profil Gording ......................... 18
2.3. Pemeriksaan Profil Gording ............................................. 20
a. Data Profil Terpilih .................................................. 20
b. Pemeriksaan Ketahanan Lentur ............................. 25
1. Klasifikasi penampang sayap gording ............. 25
2. Klasifikasi penampang badan gording ............ 25
3. Perhitungan sifat penampang tambahan ........ 26
4. Tinjauan kondisi pelelehan .............................. 27
5. Tinjauan tekuk torsi lateral .............................. 27
6. Tinjauan tekuk lokal sayap .............................. 30
7. Momen lentur ultimit ........................................ 31
8. Tahanan momen lentur ................................... 31
c. Pemeriksaan Ketahanan Geser ............................. 32
1. Kebutuhan pelat pengaku transversal ............. 32

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2. Koefisien tekuk geser pelat ............................. 32
3. Koefisien geser pelat ...................................... 33
4. Tahanan geser nominal pelat ......................... 33
5. Tahanan geser pelat ....................................... 34
6. Gaya geser ultimit ........................................... 34
7. Cek ketahanan geser ...................................... 34
d. Pemeriksaan Lendutan .......................................... 35
1. Lendutan maksimum akibat beban merata .... 35
2. Lendutan maksimum akibat beban terpusat ... 35
3. Lendutan total ................................................. 35
e. Hasil analisis gording ............................................. 36

BAB 3. PEMBEBANAN TRUSS ATAP ..................................... 37

3.1. Pendahuluan .................................................................. 37


3.2. Susunan Rangka Kuda-kuda ......................................... 39
a. Bentang & Jarak Antar Kuda-kuda ......................... 39
b. Susunan Rangka Batang ....................................... 42
3.3. Pembebanan Gravitasi ................................................... 45
a. Beban Mati ............................................................. 45
1. Berat sendiri profil baja ................................... 45
2. Beban mati dari gording .................................. 47
3. Beban mati dari penutup atap ......................... 48
4. Beban mati dari plafond .................................. 49
b. Beban Hidup .......................................................... 50
1. Beban hidup orang/pekerja ............................. 51
2. Beban hujan .................................................... 51
3.4. Beban Angin ................................................................... 52
a. Kategori Ketinggian Gedung .................................. 54
b. Tinjauan Sistem Struktur ........................................ 55
c. Perhitungan Parameter Dasar ............................... 57
1. Kecepatan angin dasar ................................... 57
2. Faktor arah angin ............................................ 57
3. Kategori kekasaran permukaan ...................... 57
4. Kategori eksposur ........................................... 57
5. Faktor topografi ............................................... 58
6. Perkiraan frekuensi alami ............................... 59
7. Faktor pengaruh tiupan angin ......................... 60
8. Klasifikasi ketertutupan ................................... 62
9. Koefisien tekanan internal .............................. 62

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d. Perhitungan Beban Angin Arah Angin Tegak Lurus
Terhadap Sumbu Bubungan/Nok/Puncak Atap ...... 63
1. Koefisien tekanan eksternal ............................ 63
2. Koefisien eksposur tekanan velositas ............. 64
3. Tekanan velositas ........................................... 65
4. Beban angin .................................................... 66
e. Perhitungan Beban Angin Arah Angin Sejajar
Terhadap Sumbu Bubungan/Nok/Puncak Atap ...... 68
1. Koefisien tekanan eksternal ............................ 68
2. Koefisien eksposur tekanan velositas ............. 70
3. Tekanan velositas ........................................... 70
4. Beban angin .................................................... 70
f. Pembebanan pada Struktur Kuda-kuda ................. 71
3.5. Perkiraan Penampang Profil ........................................... 80
3.6. Kombinasi Pembebanan Atap ........................................ 83

BAB 4. DESAIN BATANG TRUSS ATAP .................................. 88

4.1. Pendahuluan ................................................................... 88


4.2. Hasil Analisis Struktur ..................................................... 88
4.3. Desain Batang Tarik ....................................................... 90
a. Data Material Profil & Pembebanan ....................... 90
b. Tinjauan Leleh Tarik Penampang Bruto ................. 92
c. Tinjauan Kondisi Leleh Tarik Penampang Netto .... 93
1. Faktor shear lag ............................................... 93
2. Luas penampang netto .................................... 95
3. Luas penampang netto efektif ......................... 96
4. Kekuatan tarik tereduksi .................................. 96
d. Kekuatan Tarik Batang ........................................... 97
1. Sambungan baut ............................................. 97
2. Sambungan las ................................................ 97
e. Rasio Kelangsingan ................................................ 98
4.4. Desain Batang Tekan ..................................................... 99
4.4.1. Elemen Non-Langsing (Non-Slender) ............................ 99
a. Data Material Profil & Pembebanan ....................... 99
b. Cek Kelangsingan Elemen ..................................... 101
c. Tinjauan Tekuk Lentur (Flexural Buckling) ............. 102
d. Tinjauan Tekuk Torsi & Tekuk Torsi-Lentur
(Torsional & Flexural-Torsional Buckling ................ 104
e. Kekuatan Tekan Batang ......................................... 108

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1. Tegangan tekan maksimum ........................... 108
2. Kekuatan tekan ............................................... 108
4.4.2. Elemen Langsing (Slender) ............................................ 109
a. Data Material Profil & Pembebanan ....................... 109
b. Cek Kelangsingan Elemen ..................................... 109
c. Faktor Reduksi Netto ............................................. 110
d. Tinjauan Tekuk Lentur (Flexural Buckling) ............ 111
e. Tinjauan Tekuk Torsi & Tekuk Torsi-Lentur
(Torsional & Flexural-Torsional Buckling ................ 113
f. Kekuatan Tekan Batang ......................................... 115
1. Tegangan tekan maksimum ............................ 115
2. Kekuatan tekan ................................................ 116

BAB 5. DESAIN SAMBUNGAN TRUSS .................................... 117

5.1. Pendahuluan .................................................................. 117


5.2. Pemisahan/Pemutusan Batang ...................................... 117
5.3. Sambungan Baut ........................................................... 121
a. Data Material & Pembebanan ................................ 125
b. Jarak Antar Baut .................................................... 125
c. Jarak Baut ke Tepi Sambungan ............................. 126
d. Kekuatan Geser Baut ............................................. 127
1. Kekuatan geser nominal .................................. 127
2. Kekuatan geser baut ....................................... 128
e. Kekuatan Tumpu Pelat Sambung .......................... 129
1. Kekuatan tumpu antara lubang baut ............... 129
2. Kekuatan tumpu lubang ke tepi pelat .............. 130
3. Kekuatan tumpu total ....................................... 130
f. Kuat Geser Blok ..................................................... 131
g. Cek Jumlah Baut .................................................... 132
5.4. Sambungan Las ............................................................. 133
a. Data Material & Pembebanan ................................ 136
b. Penentuan Tebal Las Sudut .................................. 139
1. Batasan ukuran las .......................................... 139
2. Tebal las (throat) efektif ................................... 139
c. Penentuan Panjang Las Sudut .............................. 140
1. Luas throat efektif ............................................ 140
2. Kekuatan nominal logam las ............................ 140
3. Kekuatan nominal logam pelat ........................ 141
4. Panjang las ...................................................... 141

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d. Cek Syarat Panjang Las ......................................... 142
e. Cek Syarat Sambungan Ujung ............................... 142

BAB 6. DESAIN TUMPUAN TRUSS .......................................... 143

6.1. Pendahuluan ................................................................... 143


6.2. Desain Base Plate .......................................................... 144
a. Data Material & Pembebanan ................................ 148
b. Dimensi Base Plate ................................................ 148
c. Ketebalan Base Plate ............................................. 148
6.3. Desain Baut Angkur ........................................................ 152
a. Data Material & Pembebanan ................................ 153
b. Kuat Angkur Terhadap Tarik .................................. 154
c. Kuat Jebol (Breakout) Beton Terhadap Tarik ......... 156
d. Kuat Cabut (Pullout) Beton Terhadap Tarik ........... 159
e. Kuat Geser Angkur ................................................. 160
f. Kuat Jebol (Breakout) Beton Terhadap Geser ....... 161
g. Kuat Jungkit (Pryout) Beton Terhadap Geser ........ 165
h. Kekuatan Batas Angkur .......................................... 166
i. Interaksi Gaya Tarik dan Gaya Geser .................... 166
6.4. Hasil Perencanaan Base Plate & Angkur ....................... 167

LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1 :
Hasil Desain Elemen Truss Atap .............................................. 168

Lampiran 2 :
Gaya Batang pada Profil Menerus ............................................ 177

Lampiran 3 :
Hasil Desain Sambungan ......................................................... 179

Lampiran 4 :
Rangkuman Hasil Desain ......................................................... 185

DAFTAR PUSTAKA ......................................................................... 197

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