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24.2.

2010 EN Official Journal of the European Union C 46 E/113

Thursday 15 January 2009


3. Calls for further efforts to bring the remaining fugitives to justice, expresses its full support for the valu­
able and difficult work of the ICTY and stresses that bringing to justice those responsible for the massacres
in and around Srebrenica is an important step towards peace and stability in the region; reiterates in that
regard that increased attention needs to be paid to war crimes trials at domestic level;

4. Stresses the importance of reconciliation as part of the European integration process; emphasises the
important role of religious communities, the media and the education system in this process, so that civi­
lians of all ethnicities may overcome the tensions of the past and begin a peaceful and sincere coexistence in
the interests of enduring peace, stability and economic growth; urges all countries to make further efforts to
come to terms with a difficult and troubled past;

5. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments of
the Member States, the Government and Parliament of Bosnia and Herzegovina and its entities, and the
governments and parliaments of the countries of the western Balkans.

Iran: the case of Shirin Ebadi

P6_TA(2009)0029

European Parliament resolution of 15 January 2009 on Iran: the case of Shirin Ebadi

(2010/C 46 E/18)

The European Parliament,

— having regard to its previous resolutions on Iran, in particular those concerning human rights,

— having regard to the third interparliamentary meeting between the European Parliament and the Majlis
(Parliament) of the Islamic Republic of Iran, held in Brussels on 4 and 5 November 2008, and the report
thereon,

— having regard to the declaration issued by the Council Presidency on behalf of the European Union on
22 December 2008 on the closure by the Iranian police of the Centre for the Defence of Human Rights
(CDHR) led by the lawyer and 2003 Nobel Peace Prize laureate Shirin Ebadi,

— having regard to the statements issued by the Council Presidency on 31 December 2008 on the threats
against Shirin Ebadi,

— having regard to the statement issued by the United Nations' Secretary-General on 3 January 2009 on
the harassment and persecution of Shirin Ebadi and on her safety and security,

— having regard to the previous resolutions of the UN General Assembly, in particular Resolution 63/191
of 18 December 2008 on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran,

— having regard to the report by the UN Secretary-General of 1 October 2008 on the situation of human
rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran,
C 46 E/114 EN Official Journal of the European Union 24.2.2010

Thursday 15 January 2009


— having regard to the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders adopted on 9 December 1998,

— having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, to all
of which Iran is a party,

— having regard to the Rule 115(5) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas the general human rights situation in Iran has continued to deteriorate since 2005 in all areas
and respects, in particular as regards the exercise of civil rights and political freedoms, despite the fact
that Iran has undertaken to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms under the
various international instruments in this field,

B. whereas on 21 December 2008 Iranian police and security officials closed the CDHR, led by Shirin
Ebadi, as it was preparing to hold a celebration marking the 60th anniversary of the UDHR,

C. whereas on 29 December 2008 Shiran Ebadi's office in Tehran was searched and documents and compu­
ters were removed; whereas on 1 January 2009 hostile crowds demonstrated outside her home and
office, chanting slogans against her, tearing down the sign on her law office and marking the building
with graffiti,

D. whereas there is increasing evidence that the Iranian authorities' persecution of Shirin Ebadi has intensi­
fied because of her contact with UN human rights officials and their use of information provided by her
centre in a UN report of 2 October 2008 on the situation of human rights in Iran,

E. whereas Shirin Ebadi received death threats after she had decided to take on the defence of the seven­
member leadership of the Baha'i faith, who had been collectively arrested in May 2008; whereas the
CDHR had also protested against the authorities barring students from universities,

F. whereas in August 2008 Iran's official news agency (IRNA) spread false information that Shirin Ebadi's
daughter Narges Tavasolian had converted to the Baha'i faith, an allegation which can have serious conse­
quences, since Baha'i believers are harshly persecuted in Iran,

G. whereas the members of another renowned human rights centre in Iran, the Human Rights Organisation
of Kurdistan (HROK), are being just as severely harassed by the authorities and are under constant threat
of arrest; whereas in particular its founder Mohammad Sadiq Kaboudvand has been sentenced to
10 years' imprisonment on the charge of ‘acting against national security by establishing the HROK’,

H. whereas the Government and authorities of Iran have an affirmative obligation to protect human rights
advocates; and whereas the above-mentioned UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, which the
UN General Assembly adopted by consensus in 1998, stipulates that States ‘shall take all necessary
measures to ensure the protection by the competent authorities [of human rights defenders] against any
violence, threats, retaliation, de facto or de jure adverse discrimination, pressure or any other arbitrary
action’ as a consequence of their legitimate efforts to promote human rights,
24.2.2010 EN Official Journal of the European Union C 46 E/115

Thursday 15 January 2009


1. Strongly condemns the repression, persecution and threats against Shirin Ebadi and the closure of the
CDHR in Tehran and expresses its grave concern at the intensified persecution of human rights defenders in
Iran; points out that the raid by Iranian security forces on the Tehran CDHR is part of a broader attempt to
silence Iran's human rights community;

2. Expresses its serious concern that the continuing persecution, threats and attacks against Shirin Ebadi
are not only endangering her safety and security, but also putting all Iranian civil society activists and
human rights defenders in danger;

3. Underlines that the closure of the CDHR is not only an attack on Shirin Ebadi and human rights defen­
ders in Iran, but an attack on the entire international human rights community of which she is an influential
and leading member;

4. Urges the Iranian authorities to put an end to the repression, persecution and threats against Shirin
Ebadi, to ensure her safety and security and to authorise the re-opening of the CDHR; calls on the Iranian
authorities to allow the CDHR, the HROK and other human rights associations to function unhampered;

5. Calls on the Iranian authorities to meet their international human rights commitments, and more speci­
fically to respect the right of peaceful assembly enshrined in the International Covenant on Civil and Political
Rights signed and ratified by Iran;

6. Reiterates its concern regarding the persecution and imprisonment of citizens in Iran who engage in the
defence of human rights and who campaign against the death penalty, which frequently results in their
being charged with so-called activities against national security; calls also on Iran to end the harassment, inti­
midation and persecution of political opponents and human rights defenders, by inter alia releasing persons
imprisoned arbitrarily or on the basis of their political views, and to end impunity for human rights viola­
tions;

7. Condemns in the strongest possible terms the three stonings which took place in the city of Mashhad
in late December 2008, as confirmed by the spokesman for the judiciary, and calls on the Iranian authorities
to honour the proclaimed moratorium and to urgently introduce legislation to abolish this cruel
punishment;

8. Expresses serious concern at the deteriorating health of Mohammad Sadiq Kaboudvand since his impri­
sonment; considers him a prisoner of conscience and calls for his immediate and unconditional release and
for him to be given medical care;

9. Deeply deplores the method of suspension which is still being used against students in order to penalise
them for organising open public debates, and calls on the authorities to release those who were arrested on
the occasion of the last annual National Student Day, 6 December 2008, at the University of Shiraz;

10. Appeals to the Iranian authorities to live up to the government's requirement to respect religious
minorities and promptly release the Bahia' leaders Fariba Kamalabadi, Jamaloddin Khanjani, Afif Naeimi,
Saeid Rasaie, Mahvash Sabet, Behrouz Tavakkoli and Vahid Tizfahm, as they have been imprisoned solely on
the basis of their belief;

11. Urges the Council and Commission to continue their examination of the human rights situation in
Iran and to submit to it in the first half of 2009 a comprehensive report on the matter and to continue to
raise specific cases of human rights abuses;
C 46 E/116 EN Official Journal of the European Union 24.2.2010

Thursday 15 January 2009


12. Emphasises that the possible future conclusion of a Cooperation and Trade Agreement between Iran
and the EU depends also on a substantial improvement in the human rights situation in Iran;

13. Calls on the Council Presidency and the Members States' diplomatic representatives in Iran urgently to
undertake concerted action with regard to the above-mentioned concerns;

14. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments
and parliaments of the Member States, the UN Human Rights Council, the Head of the Judiciary of Iran and
the Government and Parliament of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Guinea

P6_TA(2009)0030

European Parliament resolution of 15 January 2009 on the coup in Guinea

(2010/C 46 E/19)

The European Parliament,

— having regard to Rule 115(5) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. having regard to the seizure of power by a group of officers on 23 December 2008, the day after the
death of President Lansana Conté,

B. whereas Lansana Conté, then an officer, had himself taken power by force in 1984 at the moment of
the death of his predecessor, President Sékou Touré, remaining in power for 24 years,

C. whereas there is no justification for the military assuming the role of government in any nation,

D. whereas the term of office of the National Assembly expired two years ago and no parliamentary elec­
tions have been held since,

E. whereas it is for the people of Guinea and their representatives to decide on the political, economic and
social future of the country, and the two-year timetable proposed by the junta for elections is far too
long,

F. whereas the coup has been condemned by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
and by the African Union (AU), both of which organisations have decided to suspend Guinea,

G. whereas the main opposition parties and the trade union confederation which organised the strikes of
June 2006 and January 2007 have taken note of the transfer of power, while the President of the
National Assembly has called for the restoration of constitutional legality,