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NANYANG TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY


TERM TEST
PAP 181 – Foundations of Physics 1

19 Nov, 2010 Time allowed: 50 min

Name:

Matriculation number

______________________________________________________________________________________
This examination paper contains ELEVEN (11) questions and comprises TWO (2) pages. Question 1 is
used to identify your question type. Answer ALL questions in the answer sheet provided. Use: acceleration
due to gravity, g = 9.8 m/s2;
______________________________________________________________________________________
1. Your question type is A. Please, use letter A to answer to question 1.

2. A particle moves along the x axis according to the equation x = 2.00 + 3.00 t – 1.00 t2, where x is in meters and t is
in seconds. Find its acceleration at t = 3.00 s.

A. -6.00 m/s2 B. -2.00 m/s2 C. -1.00 m/s2 D. 1.00 m/s2 E. 3.00 m/s2

3. A ball is tossed from an upper-story window of a building, with an initial velocity of 8.00 m/s at an angle of 20.0°
below the horizontal. It strikes the ground 3.00 s later. Find the height from which the ball was thrown.

A. 20.0 m B. 24.3 m C. 52.3 m D. 91.6 m E. 100.3 m

4. Three objects are connected on the table as shown in the next figure. The
table is rough and has a coefficient of kinetic friction of 0.350. The objects
have masses 4.00 kg, 1.00 kg and 2.00 kg, as shown, and the pulleys are
frictionless. Determine the tensions in the left cord.

A. 19.6 N
B. 24.2 N
C. 30.0 N
D. 39.2 N
E. 54.2 N

5. A 0.400-kg object is swung in a vertical circular path on a string 0.500 m long. If its speed is 4.00 m/s at the top of
the circle, what is the tension in the string there?

A. 3.92 N B. 8.88 N C. 12.80 N D. 16.72 N E. 20.00 N

6. A particle is subject to a force Fx that varies with position as in figure below. Find the work done by the force on the
particle as it moves over the distance x = 0 to x = 15.0 m?

A. 7.5 J
B. 15.0 J
C. 30.0 J
D. 45.0 J
E. 60.0 J
A

7. Two rock climbers, A and B, of mass m and 2m respectively, climbed to the top of a cliff of height h at constant
velocity, but A rises twice as fast as B. The work done by B to overcome the gravitational force is
A. one quarter the work done by A. B. on half the work done by A.
C. the same as the work done by A. D. twice the work done by A.
E. none of the above.

8. A 3.00-kg steel ball strikes a wall with a speed of 10.0 m/s at an angle of 60.0° with the surface. It bounces off with
the same speed and angle (see figure below). If the ball is in contact with the wall for 0.200 s, what is the magnitude of
the average force exerted on the ball by the wall?

A. 130 N
B. 150 N
C. 260 N
D. 300 N
E. 600 N

9. A tennis player receives a shot with the ball (0.060 0 kg) traveling horizontally at 50.0 m/s and returns the shot with
the ball traveling horizontally at 40.0 m/s in the opposite direction. What is the impulse delivered to the ball by the
racquet?

A. 2.4 N.s B. 3.0 N C. 5.4 N D. 3.0 N.s E. 5.40 N.s

10. Which of the following statements is incorrect?


A. If the speed of a particle is doubled, its kinetic energy is quadrupled.
B. Gravitational potential energy of a system can be negative.
C. Work done by a centripetal force is zero.
D. Kinetic energy of a system can be negative.
E. In an isolated system of objects interacting only through conservative forces, the total mechanical energy of the
system remains constant.

11. A 15.0-kg object and a 10.0-kg object are suspended, joined by a cord that passes over a pulley with a radius of
10.0 cm and a mass of 3.00 kg as shown in the figure below. The cord has a negligible mass and does not slip on the
pulley. The pulley can be considered as a uniform disk and rotates on its axis without friction. The objects start from
rest 3.00 m apart. Determine the speeds of the two objects as they pass each other.

A. 1.23 m/s
B. 2.36m/s
C. 4.72 m/s
D. 6.22 m/s
E. 7.15 m/s
A

Solution

dx dv
2. x = 2.00 + 3.00t − t 2 , v = = 3.00 − 2.00t , a = = −2.00
dt dt
At t = 3.00 s :
a = −2.00  m s 2
3. Taking y positive downwards, 

1 2
y f = vyi t + gt
2
1
y f = 8.00 sin 20.0° ( 3.00) + ( 9.80) ( 3.00) 2 = 52.3 m .
2
4.
Let a represent the positive magnitude of the acceleration − aˆ j of m1 , n
i of m2 , and of the acceleration + aˆ
of the acceleration − aˆ j of m3 . Call
T12 the tension in the left rope and T23 the tension in the cord on the
T12 T23
right.

For m1 , ∑ Fy = may + T12 − m1 g = − m1 a f = µk n


m2 g
For m2 , ∑ Fx = max
−T12 + µ k n + T23 = − m2 a
T12 T23
and ∑ Fy = may n − m2 g = 0

for m3 , ∑ Fy = may T23 − m3 g = + m3 a

we have three simultaneous equations


−T12 + 39.2 N = ( 4.00 kg ) a m1 g m3 g
+ T12 − 0.350 ( 9.80 N ) − T23 = ( 1.00 kg ) a
+ T23 − 19.6 N = ( 2.00 kg ) a .

(Add them up:

+39.2 N − 3.43 N − 19.6 N = ( 7.00 kg ) a

a = 2.31  m s 2 , down for m1 , left for m2 ,  and up for m3 .

(
Now  −T12 + 39.2 N = ( 4.00 kg ) 2.31  m s
2
)
T12 = 30.0 N
5. At the top of the vertical circle,
v2
T=m − mg
R
A

or T = ( 0.400) (
4.00)
2
− ( 0.400) ( 9.80) = 8.88 N
0.500
6. W = ∫ Fx dx
and W equals the area under the Force-Displacement curve

For the region  0 ≤ x ≤ 5.00 m ,

( 3.00 N ) ( 5.00 m)
W= = 7.50 J
2

For the region  5.00 ≤ x ≤ 10.0 ,

W = ( 3.00 N ) ( 5.00 m ) = 15.0 J

For the region  10.0 ≤ x ≤ 15.0 ,

( 3.00 N ) ( 5.00 m)
W= = 7.50 J
2

For the region  0 ≤ x ≤ 15.0

W = ( 7.50 + 7.50 + 15.0)  J = 30.0 J


7. Answer D
8.
∆p = F∆t

( )
∆py = m v fy − viy = m ( v cos 60.0°) − mv cos 60.0° = 0
∆px = m ( − v sin 60.0° − v sin 60.0°) = −2mv sin 60.0°
= −2 ( 3.00 kg ) ( 10.0  m s ) ( 0.866)
= −52.0  kg ⋅ m s
∆p −52.0  kg ⋅ m s
Fave = x = = −260 N
∆t 0.200 s
9. Assume the initial direction of the ball in the –x direction.

( )
Impulse,  I = ∆p = p f − pi = ( 0.060 0 ) ( 40.0) iˆ− ( 0.060 0 ) ( 50.0) − iˆ = 5.40 iˆ N ⋅ s
10. Answer D
11. Choose the zero gravitational potential energy at the level where the masses pass.
K f + U gf = Ki + U gi + ∆E
1 1 1
m1v 2 + m2 v 2 + Iω 2 = 0 + m1 gh1i + m2 gh2i + 0
2 2 2
2
1 1 1 v
( 15.0 + 10.0) v 2 +  ( 3.00) R2    = 15.0 ( 9.80) ( 1.50) + 10.0 ( 9.80) ( −1.50)
2 2 2  R
1
2
( 26.5 kg ) v = 73.5 J ⇒ v = 2.36  m s
2