Anda di halaman 1dari 65

ANALISIS & DESAIN STRUKTUR

GEDUNG SD KANISIUS BANTUL


KONSTRUKSI BETON BERTULANG

TAHUN 2019
LEMBAR PENGESAHAN 
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR 
 
 
Perhitungan Struktur :  Konstruksi Beton Sekolah Dasar Dua lantai 
 
Dengan ini menyatakan Perhitungan Konstruksi Bangunan Sekolah Dasar Dua 
Lantai, yang di analisa dengan menggunakan Program SAP 2000  dan di olah 
datanya  menggunakan  Program  Excel  meliputi  Hitungan  Fondasi,  Kolom, 
Sloof, Balok, Plat Lantai di nyatakan aman untuk di laksanakan di lokasi.  
 
 
Bekasi, 16 Desember 2019  
Hormat kami,  
 

 
 
Dynamic Mind Consultant  
Muhammad Abduh Hirawan, ST. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PROJECT TITLE: PEMBANGUNAN GEDUNG SEKOLAH 2 LANTAI

DOCUMENT TITLE: LAPORAN PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR

DOCUMENT NO:
DAFTAR ISI

1. UMUM ....................................................................................................................................... 3

2. KODE, STANDAR DAN SPESIFIKASI ..................................................................................... 3

3. STANDAR UKURAN ................................................................................................................. 3

4. MODELLING, ANALISA DAN METODE PERHITUNGAN ........................................................ 3

5. DATA DESAIN .......................................................................................................................... 3


5.1 BEBAN MATI .................................................................................................................. 3
5.2 BEBAN HIDUP ............................................................................................................... 4
5.3 BEBAN ANGIN ............................................................................................................... 4
5.4 BEBAN GEMPA ............................................................................................................. 4

6. LAMPIRAN…………………………………………………………………… .................................. 5
LAMPIRAN A : PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR ………... ................................................. 5
LAMPIRAN B : OUTPUT SAP 2000………... ................................................................. 5
1. UMUM

Tujuan dari dokumen ini adalah untuk mendesain bangunan Gedung Sekolah 2 Lantai.

2. KODE, STANDAR DAN SPESIFIKASI

Kontraktor harus bekerja sesuai dengan persyaratan yang ditentukan di sini dan
persyaratan yang berlaku dari edisi terbaru Kode dan Standar edisi terbaru yang
direferensikan berikut ini, kecuali jika disetujui oleh Pemberi Kerja.

2.1 Kode dan Standar

SNI 1726-2012 Tata Cara Perencanaan Ketahanan Gempa untuk Struktur


Bangunan Gedung dan Non Gedung

SNI 1727-2013 Beban Minimum untuk Perancangan Bangunan Gedung dan


Struktur Lain

2. STANDAR UKURAN

Satuan SI harus digunakan untuk semua desain, gambar dan spesifikasi.

3. MODELING, ANALISA DAN METODE PERHITUNGAN

Pemodelan, Analisis dan Perhitungan Struktur untuk Bangunan Cafe menggunakan


Program SAP 2000 dan Microsoft Excel.
4. DATA DESAIN

4.1 Mutu Material

Beton Pondasi dan Struktur, fc = 24,5 Mpa/ K-250


Tulangan beton standar ASTM A615
Tulangan Ulir fy = 390 Mpa = 3900 kg/cm2
Tulangan Polos fy = 240 Mpa = 2400 kg/cm2

5. DATA PEMBEBANAN

5.1 Beban Mati

Beban mati bangunan yang dipertimbangkan dalam desain adalah beban sendiri
struktur dan beban komponen non struktur. Rincian perhitungan Beban Mati bangunan
disajikan pada Lampiran A.
5.2 Beban Hidup

Beban hidup bangunan yang dipertimbangkan dalam desain adalah beban hidup
Gedung Sekolah. Rincian perhitungan Beban Hidup bangunan disajikan pada
Lampiran A.
5.3 Beban Angin

Beban angin bangunan yang dipertimbangkan dalam desain adalah beban angin
wilayah setempat. Rincian perhitungan Beban Hidup bangunan disajikan pada
Lampiran A.
5.4 Beban Gempa

Perhitungan Beban Gempa berdasarkan SNI 1726-2012. Detail beban gempa disajikan
pada Lampiran A.
LAMPIRAN - A
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR
Page 1 of 20 .

PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0
SD KANISIUS BADEGAN, BANTUL
Rev. Date : 16/12/2019

1. UMUM

1.1 MUTU MATERIAL


No. Nama Simbol Nilai Unit Keterangan
1 Beton fc' 24.5 MPa K-250
Lantai Kerja fc' 17.5 MPa
2 Tulangan Ulir Fy 413 MPa
Tulangan Polos Fy 275 MPa

1.2 Berat Jenis Material


No. Nama Simbol Nilai Unit Keterangan
1 Beton Struktur c 23.54 kN/m 3

2 Beton levellig pc 22.54 kN/m3


3 Baja s 77.00 kN/m3
4 Tanah so 16.39 kN/m3
5 Sirtu g 17.70 kN/m3
6 Air L 10.00 kN/m3
7 Dinding g 250.0 kg/m3

2. KRITERIA DESAIN
 Kombinasi pemuatan berfaktor digunakan untuk desain beton bertulang.

No. Deskripsi Keterangan


1 Beban Gempa SNI 1726-2012
2 Beban Angin SNI 1727-2013
3 Type Struktur Struktur beton dengan pemikul momen biasa
4 Analisa Statik
5 Desain Beton ACI 318-05 / 318R-05

3. BEBAN KOMBINASI
3.1 Beban Kombinasi Terfaktor

LC Description Remarks
8 1.4 D Permanent
9 1.2 D + 1.6 L Temporary
10 1.2 D + 1.0 W + 1.0 L Temporary
11 1.2 D + 1.0 E + 1.0 L Temporary
12 1.2 D + 1.0 L + 1.0 EX + 0.3 EY Temporary
13 1.2 D + 1.0 L + 1.0 EX - 0.3 EY Temporary
14 1.2 D + 1.0 L - 1.0 EX + 0.3 EY Temporary
15 1.2 D + 1.0 L - 1.0 EX - 0.3 EY Temporary
16 0.9 D + 1.0 EX + 0.3 EY Temporary
17 0.9 D + 1.0 EX - 0.3 EY Temporary
18 0.9 D - 1.0 EX + 0.3 EY Temporary
Page 2 of 20 .

PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0
SD KANISIUS BADEGAN, BANTUL
Rev. Date : 16/12/2019

LC Description Remarks
19 0.9 D - 1.0 EX - 0.3 EY Temporary
20 1.2 D + 1.0 L + 0.3 EX + 1.0 EY Temporary
21 1.2 D + 1.0 L + 0.3 EX - 1.0 EY Temporary
22 1.2 D + 1.0 L - 0.3 EX + 1.0 EY Temporary
23 1.2 D + 1.0 L - 0.3 EX - 1.0 EY Temporary
24 0.9 D + 0.3 EX + 1.0 EY Temporary
25 0.9 D + 0.3 EX - 1.0 EY Temporary
26 0.9 D - 0.3 EX + 1.0 EY Temporary
27 0.9 D - 0.3 EX - 1.0 EY Temporary

4. STRUCTURE MODELING
4.1 Plan and Elevation

5. DATA PEMBEBANAN
5.1 BEBAN MATI (DL)

Beban ini terdiri dari berat mati struktur utama dan beban mati struktur sekunder seperti dinding bata
5.1.1 Beban Sendiri Struktur

Berat balok, kolom dan berat struktur utama lainnya secara otomatis dihitung oleh SAP 2000.
5.1.2 Beban Dinding Bata
W, Beban dinding bata merah = 250.00 kg/m2
H1 Tinggi Lantai 1 = 4.00 m
H2 Tinggi Lantai 2 = 4.00 m
Wd1 Beban dinding Lantai 1 = 1000.00 kg/m
Wd2 Beban dinding Lantai 2 = 1000.00 kg/m
Page 3 of 20 .

PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0
SD KANISIUS BADEGAN, BANTUL
Rev. Date : 16/12/2019

5.1.3 Beban Atap


DL Beban Mati Atap = 50.00 kg/m

5.1.4 Beban Furniture


DL Beban Mati Furniture = 150.00 kg/m2
DL Beban torren air = 1270.00 kg/m2
5.2 Beban Hidup ( LL )
LL Beban Hidup Lantai = 250.00 kg/m2

5.3 Beban Angin ( WL )

WL Beban Angin = 25.00 kg/m2

W Beban Angin tiap kolom = 25 x 4


= 100.0 kg/m

5.4 Beban Gempa


Beban Gempa dihitung berdasarkan SNI 03-1726-2012. Beban Gempa diinput dengan
metode Respon Spektrum di SAP 2000
S S = 1.365
S 1 = 0.489

Table Modification of response, R


Page 4 of 20 .

PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0
SD KANISIUS BADEGAN, BANTUL
Rev. Date : 16/12/2019

Table Earthquake Importance Factor, I e

Table Risk categories of buildings and non-buildings for seismic load


Page 5 of 20 .

PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0
SD KANISIUS BADEGAN, BANTUL
Rev. Date : 16/12/2019

1. Kolom K1 35 x 45 cm

Hasil Perhitungan SAP 2000 :

Menggunakan Tulangan pokok 10 D16


dan tulangan sengkang D10 - 150
Page 6 of 20 .

PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0
SD KANISIUS BADEGAN, BANTUL
Rev. Date : 16/12/2019

2. Kolom K2 25 x 25 cm

Hasil Perhitungan SAP 2000 :

Menggunakan Tulangan pokok 4 D16


dan tulangan sengkang D10 - 150
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0
SD KANISIUS BADEGAN, BANTUL
Rev. Date : 16/12/2019

3. Sloof S1 30 x 50 cm

A. DATA BALOK

BAHAN STRUKTUR
Kuat tekan beton, f c' = 24.9 MPa
Tegangan leleh baja (deform) untuk tulangan lentur, fy = 400 MPa
Tegangan leleh baja (polos) untuk tulangan geser, fy = 240 MPa
DIMENSI BALOK
Lebar balok b= 300 mm
Tinggi balok h= 500 mm
Diameter tulangan (deform) yang digunakan, D= 16 mm
Diameter sengkang (deform) yang digunakan, D= 10 mm
Tebal bersih selimut beton, ts = 40 mm
MOMEN DAN GAYA GESER RENCANA
+
Momen rencana positif akibat beban terfaktor, Mu = 22.772 kNm
-
Momen rencana negatif akibat beban terfaktor, Mu = -54.985 kNm
Gaya geser rencana akibat beban terfaktor Vu = 29.584 kN

B. PERHITUNGAN TULANGAN

Untuk : fc' ≤ 30 MPa, 1 = 0.85


Untuk : fc' > 30 MPa, 1 = 0.85 - 0.05 * ( fc' - 30) / 7 = -
Faktor bentuk distribusi tegangan beton,  1 = 0.85
Rasio tulangan pada kondisi balance ,
b = 1* 0.85 * fc’/ fy * 600 / ( 600 + fy ) = 0.0270
Faktor tahanan momen maksimum,
Rmax = 0.75 * b * fy * [1 – ½*0.75* b * fy / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 6.5473
Faktor reduksi kekuatan lentur,  = 0.85
Jarak tulangan terhadap sisi luar beton, ds = ts +  = 50.00 mm
Jumlah tulangan dlm satu baris, ns = ( b - 2 * ds) / ( 25 + D ) = 4.88
Digunakan jumlah tulangan dalam satu baris, ns = 4 bh
Jarak horisontal pusat ke pusat antara tulangan,
x = ( b - ns * D - 2 * ds ) / ( ns - 1 ) = 45.33 mm
Jarak vertikal pusat ke pusat antara tulangan, y = D + 25 = 41.00 mm

1. TULANGAN MOMEN POSITIF


+
Momen positif nominal rencana, Mn = Mu /  = 26.791 kNm
Diperkirakan jarak pusat tulangan lentur ke sisi beton, d' = 50 mm
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 450.00 mm
Faktor tahanan momen, Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = 0.4410
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Rasio tulangan yang diperlukan :
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  * [1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 0.00111
Rasio tulangan minimum, min =  fc' / ( 4 * fy ) = 0.00312
Rasio tulangan minimum, min = 1.4 / fy = 0.00350
Rasio tulangan maksimum, max0,75x0,85xfc'/fyx0,85x(600/600+fy) 0.02440
Rasio tulangan yang digunakan,  = 0.00350
Luas tulangan yang diperlukan, As = * b * d = 472.50 mm 2
Luas tulangan minimum As,min = 0,25 * √f'c * bw * d / fy 421.030
2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n = As / (  / 4 * D ) = 2.350
Digunakan tulangan, 4 D 16
2
Luas tulangan terpakai, As = n *  / 4 * D = 804.25 mm 2
Jumlah baris tulangan, nb = n / ns = 1.00
nb < 3  (OK)

Baris Jumlah Jarak Juml. Jarak


ke ni yi ni * yi
1 4 50.00 200.00
2 0 0.00 0.00
3 0 0.00 0.00
n= 4 ni * yi ] = 200.00
Letak titik berat tulangan,  d' =  [ ni * yi ] / n = 50.00 mm
50.00 < 50  perkiraan d' (OK)
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 450.00 mm
a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * fc' * b ) = 50.665 mm
-6
Momen nominal, Mn = As * fy * ( d - a / 2 ) * 10 = 136.615 kNm
Tahanan momen balok,  * Mn = 116.123 kNm
+
Syarat :  * Mn ≥ Mu
116.123 > 22.772  AMAN (OK)

2. TULANGAN MOMEN NEGATIF


-
Momen negatif nominal rencana, Mn = Mu /  = -64.688 kNm
Diperkirakan jarak pusat tulangan lentur ke sisi beton, d' = 50 mm
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 450.00 mm
Faktor tahanan momen, Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = -1.0648
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Rasio tulangan yang diperlukan :
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  * [1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = -0.00260
Rasio tulangan minimum, min =  fc' / ( 4 * fy ) = 0.00312
Rasio tulangan minimum,  min = 1.4 / fy = 0.00350
Rasio tulangan maksimum, max0,75x0,85xfc'/fyx0,85x(600/600+fy) 0.02440
Rasio tulangan yang digunakan,  = 0.00350
Luas tulangan yang diperlukan, As = * b * d = 472.50 mm
2

Luas tulangan minimum As,min = 0,25 * √f'c * bw * d / fy 421.030 mm 2


2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n = As / (  / 4 * D ) = 2.350
Digunakan tulangan, 3 D 16
2
Luas tulangan terpakai, As = n *  / 4 * D = 603.19 mm 2
Jumlah baris tulangan, nb = n / ns = 0.75
nb < 3  (OK)

Baris Jumlah Jarak Juml. Jarak


ke ni yi ni * yi
1 3 50.00 150.00
2 0 0.00 0.00
3 0 0.00 0.00
n= 3 ni * yi ] = 150
Letak titik berat tulangan,  d' =  [ ni * yi ] / n = 50.00 mm
50.00 < 50  perkiraan d' (OK)
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 450.0 mm
a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * fc' * b ) = 37.999 mm
-6
Momen nominal, Mn = As * fy * ( d - a / 2 ) * 10 = 103.989 kNm
Tahanan momen balok,  * Mn = 88.391 kNm
-
Syarat :  * Mn ≥ Mu
88.391 > -54.985  AMAN (OK)

3. TULANGAN GESER

Gaya geser rencana akibat beban terfaktor , Wu = 29.584 kN


Kuat Momen Lentur Balok Kondisi 1, Mpr1 = 165.055 kNm
Kuat Momen Lentur Balok Kondisi 2, Mpr2 = 126.211 kNm
Panjang Balok Netto, Ln = 7.000 m

Kuat Geser Nominal, Vsway = (Mpr1+Mpr2) / Ln = 41.609 kN


Kuat Geser Ultimit, Vu = Wu + ((Mpr1+Mpr2) / Ln) = 71.193 kN
Faktor reduksi kekuatan geser, = 0.85
Kuat geser sengkang, Vs = Vu / Ø = 83.757 kN
Kuat geser sengkang maksimum , Vs max = 2/3 √ f'c * bw * d = 572.851 kN
Syarat : Vs max > Vs
572.851 > 83.757  AMAN (OK)
Tegangan leleh tulangan geser, fy = 400 MPa
Kuat geser beton, Vc = (√ fc') / 6 * b * d * 10-3 = 112.275 kN
Tahanan geser beton, Vc = 95.434 kN
 Hanya perlu tul.geser min
Digunakan sengkang berpenampang : 2 D 10
Jarak sengkang yang digunakan, s= 150.00 mm
Luas tulangan geser yang dibutuhkan, Av = Vs * s / fy * d = 69.80 mm 2
Luas tulangan geser sengkang, Av = ns *  / 4 * P2 = 157.08 mm 2

Syarat : Av perlu > Av digunakan


157.080 > 69.797  AMAN (OK)
Jarak sengkang maksimum, smax = d / 4 = 112.50 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, 8 kali diameter tulangan longitudinal terkecil , smax = 8* D = 128.00 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, 24 kali diameter tulangan sengkang , smax = 24* D = 100.00 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, smax = 300.00 mm
Jarak sengkang yang digunakan, s= 150.00 mm
Digunakan sengkang, 2 D 10 150

4. TULANGAN SUSUT

Lebar balok b= 30 cm
Tinggi balok h= 50 cm
Digunakan tulangan, D 12
2
Luas penampang tulangan susut, A = / 4 * D = 113.04 mm
2

2
= 1.1304 cm
Tegangan leleh baja (deform) untuk tulangan lentur, fy = 400 MPa
2
Luas tulangan susut yang dibutuhkan, Asst = 0,0018 * b * h = 2.7 cm
2
Jumlah tulangan susut yang dibutuhkan, n = Asst / A 2.388535032 cm
4 D 12
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0
SD KANISIUS BADEGAN, BANTUL
Rev. Date : 16/12/2019

4. Sloof S2 25 x 40 cm

A. DATA BALOK

BAHAN STRUKTUR
Kuat tekan beton, f c' = 24.9 MPa
Tegangan leleh baja (deform) untuk tulangan lentur, fy = 400 MPa
Tegangan leleh baja (polos) untuk tulangan geser, fy = 240 MPa
DIMENSI BALOK
Lebar balok b= 250 mm
Tinggi balok h= 400 mm
Diameter tulangan (deform) yang digunakan, D= 16 mm
Diameter sengkang (deform) yang digunakan, D= 10 mm
Tebal bersih selimut beton, ts = 40 mm
MOMEN DAN GAYA GESER RENCANA
+
Momen rencana positif akibat beban terfaktor, Mu = 22.603 kNm
-
Momen rencana negatif akibat beban terfaktor, Mu = -23.033 kNm
Gaya geser rencana akibat beban terfaktor Vu = 19.204 kN

B. PERHITUNGAN TULANGAN

Untuk : fc' ≤ 30 MPa, 1 = 0.85


Untuk : fc' > 30 MPa, 1 = 0.85 - 0.05 * ( fc' - 30) / 7 = -
Faktor bentuk distribusi tegangan beton,  1 = 0.85
Rasio tulangan pada kondisi balance ,
b = 1* 0.85 * fc’/ fy * 600 / ( 600 + fy ) = 0.0270
Faktor tahanan momen maksimum,
Rmax = 0.75 * b * fy * [1 – ½*0.75* b * fy / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 6.5473
Faktor reduksi kekuatan lentur,  = 0.85
Jarak tulangan terhadap sisi luar beton, ds = ts +  = 50.00 mm
Jumlah tulangan dlm satu baris, ns = ( b - 2 * ds) / ( 25 + D ) = 3.66
Digunakan jumlah tulangan dalam satu baris, ns = 2 bh
Jarak horisontal pusat ke pusat antara tulangan,
x = ( b - ns * D - 2 * ds ) / ( ns - 1 ) = 118.00 mm
Jarak vertikal pusat ke pusat antara tulangan, y = D + 25 = 41.00 mm

1. TULANGAN MOMEN POSITIF


+
Momen positif nominal rencana, Mn = Mu /  = 26.592 kNm
Diperkirakan jarak pusat tulangan lentur ke sisi beton, d' = 50 mm
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 350.00 mm
Faktor tahanan momen, Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = 0.8683
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Rasio tulangan yang diperlukan :
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  * [1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 0.00222
Rasio tulangan minimum, min =  fc' / ( 4 * fy ) = 0.00312
Rasio tulangan minimum, min = 1.4 / fy = 0.00350
Rasio tulangan maksimum, max0,75x0,85xfc'/fyx0,85x(600/600+fy) 0.02440
Rasio tulangan yang digunakan,  = 0.00350
Luas tulangan yang diperlukan, As = * b * d = 306.25 mm 2
Luas tulangan minimum As,min = 0,25 * √f'c * bw * d / fy 272.890
2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n = As / (  / 4 * D ) = 1.523
Digunakan tulangan, 2 D 16
2
Luas tulangan terpakai, As = n *  / 4 * D = 402.12 mm 2
Jumlah baris tulangan, nb = n / ns = 1.00
nb < 3  (OK)

Baris Jumlah Jarak Juml. Jarak


ke ni yi ni * yi
1 2 50.00 100.00
2 0 0.00 0.00
3 0 0.00 0.00
n= 2 ni * yi ] = 100.00
Letak titik berat tulangan,  d' =  [ ni * yi ] / n = 50.00 mm
50.00 < 50  perkiraan d' (OK)
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 350.00 mm
a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * fc' * b ) = 30.399 mm
-6
Momen nominal, Mn = As * fy * ( d - a / 2 ) * 10 = 53.852 kNm
Tahanan momen balok,  * Mn = 45.775 kNm
+
Syarat :  * Mn ≥ Mu
45.775 > 22.603  AMAN (OK)

2. TULANGAN MOMEN NEGATIF


-
Momen negatif nominal rencana, Mn = Mu /  = -27.097 kNm
Diperkirakan jarak pusat tulangan lentur ke sisi beton, d' = 50 mm
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 350.00 mm
Faktor tahanan momen, Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = -0.8848
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Rasio tulangan yang diperlukan :
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  * [1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = -0.00217
Rasio tulangan minimum, min =  fc' / ( 4 * fy ) = 0.00312
Rasio tulangan minimum,  min = 1.4 / fy = 0.00350
Rasio tulangan maksimum, max0,75x0,85xfc'/fyx0,85x(600/600+fy) 0.02440
Rasio tulangan yang digunakan,  = 0.00350
Luas tulangan yang diperlukan, As = * b * d = 306.25 mm
2

Luas tulangan minimum As,min = 0,25 * √f'c * bw * d / fy 272.890 mm 2


2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n = As / (  / 4 * D ) = 1.523
Digunakan tulangan, 2 D 16
2
Luas tulangan terpakai, As = n *  / 4 * D = 402.12 mm 2
Jumlah baris tulangan, nb = n / ns = 1.00
nb < 3  (OK)

Baris Jumlah Jarak Juml. Jarak


ke ni yi ni * yi
1 2 50.00 100.00
2 0 0.00 0.00
3 0 0.00 0.00
n= 2 ni * yi ] = 100
Letak titik berat tulangan,  d' =  [ ni * yi ] / n = 50.00 mm
50.00 < 50  perkiraan d' (OK)
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 350.0 mm
a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * fc' * b ) = 30.399 mm
-6
Momen nominal, Mn = As * fy * ( d - a / 2 ) * 10 = 53.852 kNm
Tahanan momen balok,  * Mn = 45.775 kNm
-
Syarat :  * Mn ≥ Mu
45.775 > -23.033  AMAN (OK)

3. TULANGAN GESER

Gaya geser rencana akibat beban terfaktor , Wu = 19.204 kN


Kuat Momen Lentur Balok Kondisi 1, Mpr1 = 65.561 kNm
Kuat Momen Lentur Balok Kondisi 2, Mpr2 = 65.465 kNm
Panjang Balok Netto, Ln = 4.900 m

Kuat Geser Nominal, Vsway = (Mpr1+Mpr2) / Ln = 26.740 kN


Kuat Geser Ultimit, Vu = Wu + ((Mpr1+Mpr2) / Ln) = 45.944 kN
Faktor reduksi kekuatan geser, = 0.85
Kuat geser sengkang, Vs = Vu / Ø = 54.052 kN
Kuat geser sengkang maksimum , Vs max = 2/3 √ f'c * bw * d = 572.851 kN
Syarat : Vs max > Vs
572.851 > 54.052  AMAN (OK)
Tegangan leleh tulangan geser, fy = 400 MPa
Kuat geser beton, Vc = (√ fc') / 6 * b * d * 10-3 = 72.771 kN
Tahanan geser beton, Vc = 61.855 kN
 Hanya perlu tul.geser min
Digunakan sengkang berpenampang : 2 D 10
Jarak sengkang yang digunakan, s= 150.00 mm
Luas tulangan geser yang dibutuhkan, Av = Vs * s / fy * d = 57.91 mm 2
Luas tulangan geser sengkang, Av = ns *  / 4 * P2 = 157.08 mm 2

Syarat : Av perlu > Av digunakan


157.080 > 57.913  AMAN (OK)
Jarak sengkang maksimum, smax = d / 4 = 87.50 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, 8 kali diameter tulangan longitudinal terkecil , smax = 8* D = 128.00 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, 24 kali diameter tulangan sengkang , smax = 24* D = 100.00 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, smax = 300.00 mm
Jarak sengkang yang digunakan, s= 150.00 mm
Digunakan sengkang, 2 D 10 150

4. TULANGAN SUSUT

Lebar balok b= 25 cm
Tinggi balok h= 40 cm
Digunakan tulangan, D 12
2
Luas penampang tulangan susut, A = / 4 * D = 113.04 mm
2

2
= 1.1304 cm
Tegangan leleh baja (deform) untuk tulangan lentur, fy = 400 MPa
2
Luas tulangan susut yang dibutuhkan, Asst = 0,0018 * b * h = 1.8 cm
2
Jumlah tulangan susut yang dibutuhkan, n = Asst / A 1.592356688 cm
2 D 12
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0
SD KANISIUS BADEGAN, BANTUL
Rev. Date : 16/12/2019

5. Balok B1 30 x 50 cm

A. DATA BALOK

BAHAN STRUKTUR
Kuat tekan beton, f c' = 24.9 MPa
Tegangan leleh baja (deform) untuk tulangan lentur, fy = 400 MPa
Tegangan leleh baja (polos) untuk tulangan geser, fy = 240 MPa
DIMENSI BALOK
Lebar balok b= 300 mm
Tinggi balok h= 500 mm
Diameter tulangan (deform) yang digunakan, D= 16 mm
Diameter sengkang (deform) yang digunakan, D= 10 mm
Tebal bersih selimut beton, ts = 40 mm
MOMEN DAN GAYA GESER RENCANA
+
Momen rencana positif akibat beban terfaktor, Mu = 123.930 kNm
-
Momen rencana negatif akibat beban terfaktor, Mu = -165.532 kNm
Gaya geser rencana akibat beban terfaktor Vu = 102.906 kN

B. PERHITUNGAN TULANGAN

Untuk : fc' ≤ 30 MPa, 1 = 0.85


Untuk : fc' > 30 MPa, 1 = 0.85 - 0.05 * ( fc' - 30) / 7 = -
Faktor bentuk distribusi tegangan beton,  1 = 0.85
Rasio tulangan pada kondisi balance ,
b = 1* 0.85 * fc’/ fy * 600 / ( 600 + fy ) = 0.0270
Faktor tahanan momen maksimum,
Rmax = 0.75 * b * fy * [1 – ½*0.75* b * fy / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 6.5473
Faktor reduksi kekuatan lentur,  = 0.85
Jarak tulangan terhadap sisi luar beton, ds = ts +  = 50.00 mm
Jumlah tulangan dlm satu baris, ns = ( b - 2 * ds) / ( 25 + D ) = 4.88
Digunakan jumlah tulangan dalam satu baris, ns = 5 bh
Jarak horisontal pusat ke pusat antara tulangan,
x = ( b - ns * D - 2 * ds ) / ( ns - 1 ) = 30.00 mm
Jarak vertikal pusat ke pusat antara tulangan, y = D + 25 = 41.00 mm

1. TULANGAN MOMEN POSITIF


+
Momen positif nominal rencana, Mn = Mu /  = 145.800 kNm
Diperkirakan jarak pusat tulangan lentur ke sisi beton, d' = 50 mm
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 450.00 mm
Faktor tahanan momen, Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = 2.4000
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Rasio tulangan yang diperlukan :
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  * [1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 0.00639
Rasio tulangan minimum, min =  fc' / ( 4 * fy ) = 0.00312
Rasio tulangan minimum, min = 1.4 / fy = 0.00350
Rasio tulangan maksimum, max0,75x0,85xfc'/fyx0,85x(600/600+fy) 0.02440
Rasio tulangan yang digunakan,  = 0.00639
Luas tulangan yang diperlukan, As = * b * d = 862.01 mm 2
Luas tulangan minimum As,min = 0,25 * √f'c * bw * d / fy 421.030
2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n = As / (  / 4 * D ) = 4.287
Digunakan tulangan, 5 D 16
2
Luas tulangan terpakai, As = n *  / 4 * D = 1005.31 mm 2
Jumlah baris tulangan, nb = n / ns = 1.00
nb < 3  (OK)

Baris Jumlah Jarak Juml. Jarak


ke ni yi ni * yi
1 5 50.00 250.00
2 0 0.00 0.00
3 0 0.00 0.00
n= 5 ni * yi ] = 250.00
Letak titik berat tulangan,  d' =  [ ni * yi ] / n = 50.00 mm
50.00 < 50  perkiraan d' (OK)
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 450.00 mm
a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * fc' * b ) = 63.332 mm
-6
Momen nominal, Mn = As * fy * ( d - a / 2 ) * 10 = 168.222 kNm
Tahanan momen balok,  * Mn = 142.989 kNm
+
Syarat :  * Mn ≥ Mu
142.989 > 123.930  AMAN (OK)

2. TULANGAN MOMEN NEGATIF


-
Momen negatif nominal rencana, Mn = Mu /  = -194.744 kNm
Diperkirakan jarak pusat tulangan lentur ke sisi beton, d' = 50 mm
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 450.00 mm
Faktor tahanan momen, Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = -3.2057
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Rasio tulangan yang diperlukan :
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  * [1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = -0.00748
Rasio tulangan minimum, min =  fc' / ( 4 * fy ) = 0.00312
Rasio tulangan minimum,  min = 1.4 / fy = 0.00350
Rasio tulangan maksimum, max0,75x0,85xfc'/fyx0,85x(600/600+fy) 0.02440
Rasio tulangan yang digunakan,  = 0.00350
Luas tulangan yang diperlukan, As = * b * d = 472.50 mm
2

Luas tulangan minimum As,min = 0,25 * √f'c * bw * d / fy 421.030 mm 2


2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n = As / (  / 4 * D ) = 2.350
Digunakan tulangan, 3 D 16
2
Luas tulangan terpakai, As = n *  / 4 * D = 603.19 mm 2
Jumlah baris tulangan, nb = n / ns = 0.60
nb < 3  (OK)

Baris Jumlah Jarak Juml. Jarak


ke ni yi ni * yi
1 3 50.00 150.00
2 0 0.00 0.00
3 0 0.00 0.00
n= 3 ni * yi ] = 150
Letak titik berat tulangan,  d' =  [ ni * yi ] / n = 50.00 mm
50.00 < 50  perkiraan d' (OK)
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 450.0 mm
a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * fc' * b ) = 37.999 mm
-6
Momen nominal, Mn = As * fy * ( d - a / 2 ) * 10 = 103.989 kNm
Tahanan momen balok,  * Mn = 88.391 kNm
-
Syarat :  * Mn ≥ Mu
88.391 > -165.532  AMAN (OK)

3. TULANGAN GESER

Gaya geser rencana akibat beban terfaktor , Wu = 102.906 kN


Kuat Momen Lentur Balok Kondisi 1, Mpr1 = 203.671 kNm
Kuat Momen Lentur Balok Kondisi 2, Mpr2 = 71.625 kNm
Panjang Balok Netto, Ln = 7.000 m

Kuat Geser Nominal, Vsway = (Mpr1+Mpr2) / Ln = 39.328 kN


Kuat Geser Ultimit, Vu = Wu + ((Mpr1+Mpr2) / Ln) = 142.234 kN
Faktor reduksi kekuatan geser, = 0.85
Kuat geser sengkang, Vs = Vu / Ø = 167.334 kN
Kuat geser sengkang maksimum , Vs max = 2/3 √ f'c * bw * d = 572.851 kN
Syarat : Vs max > Vs
572.851 > 167.334  AMAN (OK)
Tegangan leleh tulangan geser, fy = 400 MPa
Kuat geser beton, Vc = (√ fc') / 6 * b * d * 10-3 = 112.275 kN
Tahanan geser beton, Vc = 95.434 kN
 Perlu tulangan geser
Digunakan sengkang berpenampang : 2 D 10
Jarak sengkang yang digunakan, s= 150.00 mm
Luas tulangan geser yang dibutuhkan, Av = Vs * s / fy * d = 139.45 mm 2
Luas tulangan geser sengkang, Av = ns *  / 4 * P2 = 157.08 mm 2

Syarat : Av perlu > Av digunakan


157.080 > 139.445  AMAN (OK)
Jarak sengkang maksimum, smax = d / 4 = 112.50 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, 8 kali diameter tulangan longitudinal terkecil , smax = 8* D = 128.00 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, 24 kali diameter tulangan sengkang , smax = 24* D = 100.00 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, smax = 300.00 mm
Jarak sengkang yang digunakan, s= 150.00 mm
Digunakan sengkang, 2 D 10 150

4. TULANGAN SUSUT

Lebar balok b= 30 cm
Tinggi balok h= 50 cm
Digunakan tulangan, D 12
2
Luas penampang tulangan susut, A = / 4 * D = 113.04 mm
2

2
= 1.1304 cm
Tegangan leleh baja (deform) untuk tulangan lentur, fy = 400 MPa
2
Luas tulangan susut yang dibutuhkan, Asst = 0,0018 * b * h = 2.7 cm
2
Jumlah tulangan susut yang dibutuhkan, n = Asst / A 2.388535032 cm
4 D 12
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0

SD KANISIUS BADEGAN, BANTUL


Rev. Date : 16/12/2019

4. Balok B2 25 x 40 cm

A. DATA BALOK

BAHAN STRUKTUR
Kuat tekan beton, f c' = 24.9 MPa
Tegangan leleh baja (deform) untuk tulangan lentur, fy = 400 MPa
Tegangan leleh baja (polos) untuk tulangan geser, fy = 240 MPa
DIMENSI BALOK
Lebar balok b= 250 mm
Tinggi balok h= 400 mm
Diameter tulangan (deform) yang digunakan, D= 16 mm
Diameter sengkang (deform) yang digunakan, D= 10 mm
Tebal bersih selimut beton, ts = 50 mm
MOMEN DAN GAYA GESER RENCANA
+
Momen rencana positif akibat beban terfaktor, Mu = 36.459 kNm
-
Momen rencana negatif akibat beban terfaktor, Mu = -86.302 kNm
Gaya geser rencana akibat beban terfaktor Vu = 73.963 kN

B. PERHITUNGAN TULANGAN

Untuk : fc' ≤ 30 MPa, 1 = 0.85


Untuk : fc' > 30 MPa, 1 = 0.85 - 0.05 * ( fc' - 30) / 7 = -
Faktor bentuk distribusi tegangan beton,  1 = 0.85
Rasio tulangan pada kondisi balance ,
b = 1* 0.85 * fc’/ fy * 600 / ( 600 + fy ) = 0.0270
Faktor tahanan momen maksimum,
Rmax = 0.75 * b * fy * [1 – ½*0.75* b * fy / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 6.5473
Faktor reduksi kekuatan lentur,  = 0.80
Jarak tulangan terhadap sisi luar beton, ds = ts +  = 60.00 mm
Jumlah tulangan dlm satu baris, ns = ( b - 2 * ds) / ( 25 + D ) = 3.17
Digunakan jumlah tulangan dalam satu baris, ns = 3 bh
Jarak horisontal pusat ke pusat antara tulangan,
x = ( b - ns * D - 2 * ds ) / ( ns - 1 ) = 41.00 mm
Jarak vertikal pusat ke pusat antara tulangan, y = D + 25 = 41.00 mm

1. TULANGAN MOMEN POSITIF


+
Momen positif nominal rencana, Mn = Mu /  = 45.574 kNm
Diperkirakan jarak pusat tulangan lentur ke sisi beton, d' = 60 mm
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 340.00 mm
6 2
Faktor tahanan momen, Rn = Mn * 10 / ( b * d ) = 1.5769
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Rasio tulangan yang diperlukan :
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  * [1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 0.00410
Rasio tulangan minimum, min =  fc' / ( 4 * fy ) = 0.00312
Rasio tulangan minimum, min = 1.4 / fy = 0.00350
Rasio tulangan maksimum, max0,75x0,85xfc'/fyx0,85x(600/600+fy) 0.02440
Rasio tulangan yang digunakan,  = 0.00410
Luas tulangan yang diperlukan, As = * b * d = 348.61 mm 2
Luas tulangan minimum As,min = 0,25 * √f'c * bw * d / fy 265.093
2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n = As / (  / 4 * D ) = 1.734
Digunakan tulangan, 3 D 16
Luas tulangan terpakai, As = n *  / 4 * D2 = 603.19 mm 2
Jumlah baris tulangan, nb = n / ns = 1.00
nb < 3  (OK)

Baris Jumlah Jarak Juml. Jarak


ke ni yi ni * yi
1 3 60.00 180.00
2 0 0.00 0.00
3 0 0.00 0.00
n= 3 ni * yi ] = 180.00
Letak titik berat tulangan,  d' =  [ ni * yi ] / n = 60.00 mm
60.00 < 60  perkiraan d' (OK)
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 340.00 mm
a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * fc' * b ) = 45.599 mm
Momen nominal, Mn = As * fy * ( d - a / 2 ) * 10-6 = 76.532 kNm
Tahanan momen balok,  * Mn = 61.226 kNm
+
Syarat :  * Mn ≥ Mu
61.226 > 36.459  AMAN (OK)

2. TULANGAN MOMEN NEGATIF


-
Momen negatif nominal rencana, Mn = Mu /  = -107.877 kNm
Diperkirakan jarak pusat tulangan lentur ke sisi beton, d' = 60 mm
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 340.00 mm
Faktor tahanan momen, Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = -3.7328
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Rasio tulangan yang diperlukan :
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  * [1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = -0.00863
Rasio tulangan minimum, min =  fc' / ( 4 * fy ) = 0.00312
Rasio tulangan minimum,  min = 1.4 / fy = 0.00350
Rasio tulangan maksimum, max0,75x0,85xfc'/fyx0,85x(600/600+fy) 0.02440
Rasio tulangan yang digunakan,  = 0.00350
Luas tulangan yang diperlukan, As = * b * d = 297.50 mm
2

Luas tulangan minimum As,min = 0,25 * √f'c * bw * d / fy 265.093 mm 2


2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n = As / (  / 4 * D ) = 1.480
Digunakan tulangan, 2 D 16
2
Luas tulangan terpakai, As = n *  / 4 * D = 402.12 mm 2
Jumlah baris tulangan, nb = n / ns = 0.67
nb < 3  (OK)

Baris Jumlah Jarak Juml. Jarak


ke ni yi ni * yi
1 2 60.00 120.00
2 0 0.00 0.00
3 0 0.00 0.00
n= 2 ni * yi ] = 120
Letak titik berat tulangan,  d' =  [ ni * yi ] / n = 60.00 mm
60.00 < 60  perkiraan d' (OK)
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 340.0 mm
a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * fc' * b ) = 30.399 mm
Momen nominal, Mn = As * fy * ( d - a / 2 ) * 10-6 = 52.244 kNm
Tahanan momen balok,  * Mn = 41.795 kNm
-
Syarat :  * Mn ≥ Mu
41.795 > -86.302  AMAN (OK)

3. TULANGAN GESER

Gaya geser rencana akibat beban terfaktor , Wu = 73.963 kN


Kuat Momen Lentur Balok Kondisi 1, Mpr1 = 94.471 kNm
Kuat Momen Lentur Balok Kondisi 2, Mpr2 = 100.229 kNm
Panjang Balok Netto, Ln = 4.950 m

Kuat Geser Nominal, Vsway = (Mpr1+Mpr2) / Ln = 39.333 kN


Kuat Geser Ultimit, Vu = Wu + ((Mpr1+Mpr2) / Ln) = 113.296 kN
Faktor reduksi kekuatan geser, = 0.90
Kuat geser sengkang, Vs = Vu / Ø = 125.885 kN
Kuat geser sengkang maksimum , Vs max = 2/3 √ f'c * bw * d = 572.851 kN
Syarat : Vs max > Vs
572.851 > 125.885  AMAN (OK)
Tegangan leleh tulangan geser, fy = 400 MPa
-3
Kuat geser beton, Vc = (√ fc') / 6 * b * d * 10 = 70.692 kN
Tahanan geser beton, Vc = 63.622 kN
 Perlu tulangan geser
Digunakan sengkang berpenampang : 2 D 10
Jarak sengkang yang digunakan, s= 150.00 mm
Luas tulangan geser yang dibutuhkan, Av = Vs * s / fy * d = 138.84 mm 2
2
Luas tulangan geser sengkang, Av = ns *  / 4 * P = 157.08 mm 2

Syarat : Av perlu > Av digunakan


157.080 > 138.843  AMAN (OK)
Jarak sengkang maksimum, smax = d / 4 = 85.00 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, 8 kali diameter tulangan longitudinal terkecil , smax = 8* D = 128.00 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, 24 kali diameter tulangan sengkang , smax = 24* D = 100.00 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, smax = 300.00 mm
Jarak sengkang yang digunakan, s= 150.00 mm
Digunakan sengkang, 2 D 10 150

4. TULANGAN SUSUT

Lebar balok b= 25 cm
Tinggi balok h= 40 cm
Digunakan tulangan, D 12
Luas penampang tulangan susut, A = / 4 * D2 = 113.04 mm
2

2
= 1.1304 cm
Tegangan leleh baja (deform) untuk tulangan lentur, fy = 400 MPa
2
Luas tulangan susut yang dibutuhkan, Asst = 0,0018 * b * h = 1.8 cm
2
Jumlah tulangan susut yang dibutuhkan, n = Asst / A 1.592356688 cm
2 D 12
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0
SD KANISIUS BADEGAN, BANTUL
Rev. Date : 16/12/2019

5. Balok RB1 20 x 40 cm

A. DATA BALOK

BAHAN STRUKTUR
Kuat tekan beton, f c' = 24.9 MPa
Tegangan leleh baja (deform) untuk tulangan lentur, fy = 400 MPa
Tegangan leleh baja (polos) untuk tulangan geser, fy = 240 MPa
DIMENSI BALOK
Lebar balok b= 200 mm
Tinggi balok h= 400 mm
Diameter tulangan (deform) yang digunakan, D= 16 mm
Diameter sengkang (deform) yang digunakan, D= 10 mm
Tebal bersih selimut beton, ts = 40 mm
MOMEN DAN GAYA GESER RENCANA
+
Momen rencana positif akibat beban terfaktor, Mu = 36.459 kNm
-
Momen rencana negatif akibat beban terfaktor, Mu = -86.302 kNm
Gaya geser rencana akibat beban terfaktor Vu = 73.963 kN

B. PERHITUNGAN TULANGAN

Untuk : fc' ≤ 30 MPa, 1 = 0.85


Untuk : fc' > 30 MPa, 1 = 0.85 - 0.05 * ( fc' - 30) / 7 = -
Faktor bentuk distribusi tegangan beton,  1 = 0.85
Rasio tulangan pada kondisi balance ,
b = 1* 0.85 * fc’/ fy * 600 / ( 600 + fy ) = 0.0270
Faktor tahanan momen maksimum,
Rmax = 0.75 * b * fy * [1 – ½*0.75* b * fy / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 6.5473
Faktor reduksi kekuatan lentur,  = 0.85
Jarak tulangan terhadap sisi luar beton, ds = ts +  = 50.00 mm
Jumlah tulangan dlm satu baris, ns = ( b - 2 * ds) / ( 25 + D ) = 2.44
Digunakan jumlah tulangan dalam satu baris, ns = 2 bh
Jarak horisontal pusat ke pusat antara tulangan,
x = ( b - ns * D - 2 * ds ) / ( ns - 1 ) = 68.00 mm
Jarak vertikal pusat ke pusat antara tulangan, y = D + 25 = 41.00 mm

1. TULANGAN MOMEN POSITIF


+
Momen positif nominal rencana, Mn = Mu /  = 42.893 kNm
Diperkirakan jarak pusat tulangan lentur ke sisi beton, d' = 50 mm
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 350.00 mm
Faktor tahanan momen, Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = 1.7507
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Rasio tulangan yang diperlukan :
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  * [1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 0.00457
Rasio tulangan minimum, min =  fc' / ( 4 * fy ) = 0.00312
Rasio tulangan minimum, min = 1.4 / fy = 0.00350
Rasio tulangan maksimum, max0,75x0,85xfc'/fyx0,85x(600/600+fy) 0.02440
Rasio tulangan yang digunakan,  = 0.00457
Luas tulangan yang diperlukan, As = * b * d = 320.22 mm 2
Luas tulangan minimum As,min = 0,25 * √f'c * bw * d / fy 218.312
2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n = As / (  / 4 * D ) = 1.593
Digunakan tulangan, 2 D 16
2
Luas tulangan terpakai, As = n *  / 4 * D = 402.12 mm 2
Jumlah baris tulangan, nb = n / ns = 1.00
nb < 3  (OK)

Baris Jumlah Jarak Juml. Jarak


ke ni yi ni * yi
1 2 50.00 100.00
2 0 0.00 0.00
3 0 0.00 0.00
n= 2 ni * yi ] = 100.00
Letak titik berat tulangan,  d' =  [ ni * yi ] / n = 50.00 mm
50.00 < 50  perkiraan d' (OK)
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 350.00 mm
a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * fc' * b ) = 37.999 mm
-6
Momen nominal, Mn = As * fy * ( d - a / 2 ) * 10 = 53.241 kNm
Tahanan momen balok,  * Mn = 45.255 kNm
+
Syarat :  * Mn ≥ Mu
45.255 > 36.459  AMAN (OK)

2. TULANGAN MOMEN NEGATIF


-
Momen negatif nominal rencana, Mn = Mu /  = -101.531 kNm
Diperkirakan jarak pusat tulangan lentur ke sisi beton, d' = 50 mm
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 350.00 mm
Faktor tahanan momen, Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = -4.1441
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Rasio tulangan yang diperlukan :
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  * [1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = -0.00951
Rasio tulangan minimum, min =  fc' / ( 4 * fy ) = 0.00312
Rasio tulangan minimum,  min = 1.4 / fy = 0.00350
Rasio tulangan maksimum, max0,75x0,85xfc'/fyx0,85x(600/600+fy) 0.02440
Rasio tulangan yang digunakan,  = 0.00350
Luas tulangan yang diperlukan, As = * b * d = 245.00 mm
2

Luas tulangan minimum As,min = 0,25 * √f'c * bw * d / fy 218.312 mm 2


2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n = As / (  / 4 * D ) = 1.219
Digunakan tulangan, 2 D 16
2
Luas tulangan terpakai, As = n *  / 4 * D = 402.12 mm 2
Jumlah baris tulangan, nb = n / ns = 1.00
nb < 3  (OK)

Baris Jumlah Jarak Juml. Jarak


ke ni yi ni * yi
1 2 50.00 100.00
2 0 0.00 0.00
3 0 0.00 0.00
n= 2 ni * yi ] = 100
Letak titik berat tulangan,  d' =  [ ni * yi ] / n = 50.00 mm
50.00 < 50  perkiraan d' (OK)
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 350.0 mm
a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * fc' * b ) = 37.999 mm
-6
Momen nominal, Mn = As * fy * ( d - a / 2 ) * 10 = 53.241 kNm
Tahanan momen balok,  * Mn = 45.255 kNm
-
Syarat :  * Mn ≥ Mu
45.255 > -86.302  AMAN (OK)

3. TULANGAN GESER

Gaya geser rencana akibat beban terfaktor , Wu = 73.963 kN


Kuat Momen Lentur Balok Kondisi 1, Mpr1 = 64.038 kNm
Kuat Momen Lentur Balok Kondisi 2, Mpr2 = 64.029 kNm
Panjang Balok Netto, Ln = 7.000 m

Kuat Geser Nominal, Vsway = (Mpr1+Mpr2) / Ln = 18.295 kN


Kuat Geser Ultimit, Vu = Wu + ((Mpr1+Mpr2) / Ln) = 92.258 kN
Faktor reduksi kekuatan geser, = 0.85
Kuat geser sengkang, Vs = Vu / Ø = 108.539 kN
Kuat geser sengkang maksimum , Vs max = 2/3 √ f'c * bw * d = 572.851 kN
Syarat : Vs max > Vs
572.851 > 108.539  AMAN (OK)
Tegangan leleh tulangan geser, fy = 400 MPa
Kuat geser beton, Vc = (√ fc') / 6 * b * d * 10-3 = 58.217 kN
Tahanan geser beton, Vc = 49.484 kN
 Perlu tulangan geser
Digunakan sengkang berpenampang : 2 D 10
Jarak sengkang yang digunakan, s= 200.00 mm
Luas tulangan geser yang dibutuhkan, Av = Vs * s / fy * d = 155.06 mm 2
Luas tulangan geser sengkang, Av = ns *  / 4 * P2 = 157.08 mm 2

Syarat : Av perlu > Av digunakan


157.080 > 155.056  AMAN (OK)
Jarak sengkang maksimum, smax = d / 4 = 87.50 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, 8 kali diameter tulangan longitudinal terkecil , smax = 8* D = 128.00 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, 24 kali diameter tulangan sengkang , smax = 24* D = 100.00 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, smax = 300.00 mm
Jarak sengkang yang digunakan, s= 200.00 mm
Digunakan sengkang, 2 D 10 200

4. TULANGAN SUSUT

Lebar balok b= 20 cm
Tinggi balok h= 40 cm
Digunakan tulangan, D 12
2
Luas penampang tulangan susut, A = / 4 * D = 113.04 mm
2

2
= 1.1304 cm
Tegangan leleh baja (deform) untuk tulangan lentur, fy = 400 MPa
2
Luas tulangan susut yang dibutuhkan, Asst = 0,0018 * b * h = 1.44 cm
2
Jumlah tulangan susut yang dibutuhkan, n = Asst / A 1.27388535 cm
2 D 12
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0
SD KANISIUS BADEGAN, BANTUL
Rev. Date : 13/12/2019

6. Balok RB2 20 x 40 cm

A. DATA BALOK

BAHAN STRUKTUR
Kuat tekan beton, f c' = 24.9 MPa
Tegangan leleh baja (deform) untuk tulangan lentur, fy = 400 MPa
Tegangan leleh baja (polos) untuk tulangan geser, fy = 240 MPa
DIMENSI BALOK
Lebar balok b= 200 mm
Tinggi balok h= 400 mm
Diameter tulangan (deform) yang digunakan, D= 16 mm
Diameter sengkang (deform) yang digunakan, D= 10 mm
Tebal bersih selimut beton, ts = 40 mm
MOMEN DAN GAYA GESER RENCANA
+
Momen rencana positif akibat beban terfaktor, Mu = 36.459 kNm
-
Momen rencana negatif akibat beban terfaktor, Mu = -86.302 kNm
Gaya geser rencana akibat beban terfaktor Vu = 73.963 kN

B. PERHITUNGAN TULANGAN

Untuk : fc' ≤ 30 MPa, 1 = 0.85


Untuk : fc' > 30 MPa, 1 = 0.85 - 0.05 * ( fc' - 30) / 7 = -
Faktor bentuk distribusi tegangan beton,  1 = 0.85
Rasio tulangan pada kondisi balance ,
b = 1* 0.85 * fc’/ fy * 600 / ( 600 + fy ) = 0.0270
Faktor tahanan momen maksimum,
Rmax = 0.75 * b * fy * [1 – ½*0.75* b * fy / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 6.5473
Faktor reduksi kekuatan lentur,  = 0.85
Jarak tulangan terhadap sisi luar beton, ds = ts +  = 50.00 mm
Jumlah tulangan dlm satu baris, ns = ( b - 2 * ds) / ( 25 + D ) = 2.44
Digunakan jumlah tulangan dalam satu baris, ns = 2 bh
Jarak horisontal pusat ke pusat antara tulangan,
x = ( b - ns * D - 2 * ds ) / ( ns - 1 ) = 68.00 mm
Jarak vertikal pusat ke pusat antara tulangan, y = D + 25 = 41.00 mm

1. TULANGAN MOMEN POSITIF


+
Momen positif nominal rencana, Mn = Mu /  = 42.893 kNm
Diperkirakan jarak pusat tulangan lentur ke sisi beton, d' = 50 mm
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 350.00 mm
Faktor tahanan momen, Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = 1.7507
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Rasio tulangan yang diperlukan :
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  * [1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 0.00457
Rasio tulangan minimum, min =  fc' / ( 4 * fy ) = 0.00312
Rasio tulangan minimum, min = 1.4 / fy = 0.00350
Rasio tulangan maksimum, max0,75x0,85xfc'/fyx0,85x(600/600+fy) 0.02440
Rasio tulangan yang digunakan,  = 0.00457
Luas tulangan yang diperlukan, As = * b * d = 320.22 mm 2
Luas tulangan minimum As,min = 0,25 * √f'c * bw * d / fy 218.312
2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n = As / (  / 4 * D ) = 1.593
Digunakan tulangan, 2 D 16
2
Luas tulangan terpakai, As = n *  / 4 * D = 402.12 mm 2
Jumlah baris tulangan, nb = n / ns = 1.00
nb < 3  (OK)

Baris Jumlah Jarak Juml. Jarak


ke ni yi ni * yi
1 2 50.00 100.00
2 0 0.00 0.00
3 0 0.00 0.00
n= 2 ni * yi ] = 100.00
Letak titik berat tulangan,  d' =  [ ni * yi ] / n = 50.00 mm
50.00 < 50  perkiraan d' (OK)
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 350.00 mm
a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * fc' * b ) = 37.999 mm
-6
Momen nominal, Mn = As * fy * ( d - a / 2 ) * 10 = 53.241 kNm
Tahanan momen balok,  * Mn = 45.255 kNm
+
Syarat :  * Mn ≥ Mu
45.255 > 36.459  AMAN (OK)

2. TULANGAN MOMEN NEGATIF


-
Momen negatif nominal rencana, Mn = Mu /  = -101.531 kNm
Diperkirakan jarak pusat tulangan lentur ke sisi beton, d' = 50 mm
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 350.00 mm
Faktor tahanan momen, Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = -4.1441
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Rasio tulangan yang diperlukan :
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  * [1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = -0.00951
Rasio tulangan minimum, min =  fc' / ( 4 * fy ) = 0.00312
Rasio tulangan minimum,  min = 1.4 / fy = 0.00350
Rasio tulangan maksimum, max0,75x0,85xfc'/fyx0,85x(600/600+fy) 0.02440
Rasio tulangan yang digunakan,  = 0.00350
Luas tulangan yang diperlukan, As = * b * d = 245.00 mm
2

Luas tulangan minimum As,min = 0,25 * √f'c * bw * d / fy 218.312 mm 2


2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n = As / (  / 4 * D ) = 1.219
Digunakan tulangan, 3 D 16
2
Luas tulangan terpakai, As = n *  / 4 * D = 603.19 mm 2
Jumlah baris tulangan, nb = n / ns = 1.50
nb < 3  (OK)

Baris Jumlah Jarak Juml. Jarak


ke ni yi ni * yi
1 3 50.00 150.00
2 0 0.00 0.00
3 0 0.00 0.00
n= 3 ni * yi ] = 150
Letak titik berat tulangan,  d' =  [ ni * yi ] / n = 50.00 mm
50.00 < 50  perkiraan d' (OK)
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 350.0 mm
a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * fc' * b ) = 56.998 mm
-6
Momen nominal, Mn = As * fy * ( d - a / 2 ) * 10 = 77.570 kNm
Tahanan momen balok,  * Mn = 65.934 kNm
-
Syarat :  * Mn ≥ Mu
65.934 > -86.302  AMAN (OK)

3. TULANGAN GESER

Gaya geser rencana akibat beban terfaktor , Wu = 73.963 kN


Kuat Momen Lentur Balok Kondisi 1, Mpr1 = 43.932 kNm
Kuat Momen Lentur Balok Kondisi 2, Mpr2 = 43.923 kNm
Panjang Balok Netto, Ln = 4.900 m

Kuat Geser Nominal, Vsway = (Mpr1+Mpr2) / Ln = 17.930 kN


Kuat Geser Ultimit, Vu = Wu + ((Mpr1+Mpr2) / Ln) = 91.893 kN
Faktor reduksi kekuatan geser, = 0.85
Kuat geser sengkang, Vs = Vu / Ø = 108.109 kN
Kuat geser sengkang maksimum , Vs max = 2/3 √ f'c * bw * d = 572.851 kN
Syarat : Vs max > Vs
572.851 > 108.109  AMAN (OK)
Tegangan leleh tulangan geser, fy = 400 MPa
Kuat geser beton, Vc = (√ fc') / 6 * b * d * 10-3 = 58.217 kN
Tahanan geser beton, Vc = 49.484 kN
 Perlu tulangan geser
Digunakan sengkang berpenampang : 2 D 10
Jarak sengkang yang digunakan, s= 200.00 mm
Luas tulangan geser yang dibutuhkan, Av = Vs * s / fy * d = 154.44 mm 2
Luas tulangan geser sengkang, Av = ns *  / 4 * P2 = 157.08 mm 2

Syarat : Av perlu > Av digunakan


157.080 > 154.441  AMAN (OK)
Jarak sengkang maksimum, smax = d / 4 = 87.50 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, 8 kali diameter tulangan longitudinal terkecil , smax = 8* D = 128.00 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, 24 kali diameter tulangan sengkang , smax = 24* D = 100.00 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, smax = 300.00 mm
Jarak sengkang yang digunakan, s= 200.00 mm
Digunakan sengkang, 2 D 10 200

4. TULANGAN SUSUT

Lebar balok b= 20 cm
Tinggi balok h= 40 cm
Digunakan tulangan, D 12
2
Luas penampang tulangan susut, A = / 4 * D = 113.04 mm
2

2
= 1.1304 cm
Tegangan leleh baja (deform) untuk tulangan lentur, fy = 400 MPa
2
Luas tulangan susut yang dibutuhkan, Asst = 0,0018 * b * h = 1.44 cm
2
Jumlah tulangan susut yang dibutuhkan, n = Asst / A 1.27388535 cm
2 D 12
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0
SD KANISIUS BADEGAN, BANTUL
Rev. Date : 16/12/2019

7. Balok RB1 30 x 50 cm

A. DATA BALOK

BAHAN STRUKTUR
Kuat tekan beton, f c' = 24.9 MPa
Tegangan leleh baja (deform) untuk tulangan lentur, fy = 400 MPa
Tegangan leleh baja (polos) untuk tulangan geser, fy = 240 MPa
DIMENSI BALOK
Lebar balok b= 300 mm
Tinggi balok h= 500 mm
Diameter tulangan (deform) yang digunakan, D= 16 mm
Diameter sengkang (deform) yang digunakan, D= 10 mm
Tebal bersih selimut beton, ts = 40 mm
MOMEN DAN GAYA GESER RENCANA
+
Momen rencana positif akibat beban terfaktor, Mu = 123.930 kNm
-
Momen rencana negatif akibat beban terfaktor, Mu = -165.532 kNm
Gaya geser rencana akibat beban terfaktor Vu = 102.906 kN

B. PERHITUNGAN TULANGAN

Untuk : fc' ≤ 30 MPa, 1 = 0.85


Untuk : fc' > 30 MPa, 1 = 0.85 - 0.05 * ( fc' - 30) / 7 = -
Faktor bentuk distribusi tegangan beton,  1 = 0.85
Rasio tulangan pada kondisi balance ,
b = 1* 0.85 * fc’/ fy * 600 / ( 600 + fy ) = 0.0270
Faktor tahanan momen maksimum,
Rmax = 0.75 * b * fy * [1 – ½*0.75* b * fy / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 6.5473
Faktor reduksi kekuatan lentur,  = 0.85
Jarak tulangan terhadap sisi luar beton, ds = ts +  = 50.00 mm
Jumlah tulangan dlm satu baris, ns = ( b - 2 * ds) / ( 25 + D ) = 4.88
Digunakan jumlah tulangan dalam satu baris, ns = 5 bh
Jarak horisontal pusat ke pusat antara tulangan,
x = ( b - ns * D - 2 * ds ) / ( ns - 1 ) = 30.00 mm
Jarak vertikal pusat ke pusat antara tulangan, y = D + 25 = 41.00 mm

1. TULANGAN MOMEN POSITIF


+
Momen positif nominal rencana, Mn = Mu /  = 145.800 kNm
Diperkirakan jarak pusat tulangan lentur ke sisi beton, d' = 50 mm
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 450.00 mm
Faktor tahanan momen, Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = 2.4000
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Rasio tulangan yang diperlukan :
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  * [1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 0.00639
Rasio tulangan minimum, min =  fc' / ( 4 * fy ) = 0.00312
Rasio tulangan minimum, min = 1.4 / fy = 0.00350
Rasio tulangan maksimum, max0,75x0,85xfc'/fyx0,85x(600/600+fy) 0.02440
Rasio tulangan yang digunakan,  = 0.00639
Luas tulangan yang diperlukan, As = * b * d = 862.01 mm 2
Luas tulangan minimum As,min = 0,25 * √f'c * bw * d / fy 421.030
2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n = As / (  / 4 * D ) = 4.287
Digunakan tulangan, 5 D 16
2
Luas tulangan terpakai, As = n *  / 4 * D = 1005.31 mm 2
Jumlah baris tulangan, nb = n / ns = 1.00
nb < 3  (OK)

Baris Jumlah Jarak Juml. Jarak


ke ni yi ni * yi
1 5 50.00 250.00
2 0 0.00 0.00
3 0 0.00 0.00
n= 5 ni * yi ] = 250.00
Letak titik berat tulangan,  d' =  [ ni * yi ] / n = 50.00 mm
50.00 < 50  perkiraan d' (OK)
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 450.00 mm
a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * fc' * b ) = 63.332 mm
-6
Momen nominal, Mn = As * fy * ( d - a / 2 ) * 10 = 168.222 kNm
Tahanan momen balok,  * Mn = 142.989 kNm
+
Syarat :  * Mn ≥ Mu
142.989 > 123.930  AMAN (OK)

2. TULANGAN MOMEN NEGATIF


-
Momen negatif nominal rencana, Mn = Mu /  = -194.744 kNm
Diperkirakan jarak pusat tulangan lentur ke sisi beton, d' = 50 mm
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 450.00 mm
Faktor tahanan momen, Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = -3.2057
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Rasio tulangan yang diperlukan :
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  * [1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = -0.00748
Rasio tulangan minimum, min =  fc' / ( 4 * fy ) = 0.00312
Rasio tulangan minimum,  min = 1.4 / fy = 0.00350
Rasio tulangan maksimum, max0,75x0,85xfc'/fyx0,85x(600/600+fy) 0.02440
Rasio tulangan yang digunakan,  = 0.00350
Luas tulangan yang diperlukan, As = * b * d = 472.50 mm
2

Luas tulangan minimum As,min = 0,25 * √f'c * bw * d / fy 421.030 mm 2


2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n = As / (  / 4 * D ) = 2.350
Digunakan tulangan, 3 D 16
2
Luas tulangan terpakai, As = n *  / 4 * D = 603.19 mm 2
Jumlah baris tulangan, nb = n / ns = 0.60
nb < 3  (OK)

Baris Jumlah Jarak Juml. Jarak


ke ni yi ni * yi
1 3 50.00 150.00
2 0 0.00 0.00
3 0 0.00 0.00
n= 3 ni * yi ] = 150
Letak titik berat tulangan,  d' =  [ ni * yi ] / n = 50.00 mm
50.00 < 50  perkiraan d' (OK)
Tinggi efektif balok, d = h - d' = 450.0 mm
a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * fc' * b ) = 37.999 mm
-6
Momen nominal, Mn = As * fy * ( d - a / 2 ) * 10 = 103.989 kNm
Tahanan momen balok,  * Mn = 88.391 kNm
-
Syarat :  * Mn ≥ Mu
88.391 > -165.532  AMAN (OK)

3. TULANGAN GESER

Gaya geser rencana akibat beban terfaktor , Wu = 102.906 kN


Kuat Momen Lentur Balok Kondisi 1, Mpr1 = 203.671 kNm
Kuat Momen Lentur Balok Kondisi 2, Mpr2 = 71.625 kNm
Panjang Balok Netto, Ln = 7.000 m

Kuat Geser Nominal, Vsway = (Mpr1+Mpr2) / Ln = 39.328 kN


Kuat Geser Ultimit, Vu = Wu + ((Mpr1+Mpr2) / Ln) = 142.234 kN
Faktor reduksi kekuatan geser, = 0.85
Kuat geser sengkang, Vs = Vu / Ø = 167.334 kN
Kuat geser sengkang maksimum , Vs max = 2/3 √ f'c * bw * d = 572.851 kN
Syarat : Vs max > Vs
572.851 > 167.334  AMAN (OK)
Tegangan leleh tulangan geser, fy = 400 MPa
Kuat geser beton, Vc = (√ fc') / 6 * b * d * 10-3 = 112.275 kN
Tahanan geser beton, Vc = 95.434 kN
 Perlu tulangan geser
Digunakan sengkang berpenampang : 2 D 10
Jarak sengkang yang digunakan, s= 150.00 mm
Luas tulangan geser yang dibutuhkan, Av = Vs * s / fy * d = 139.45 mm 2
Luas tulangan geser sengkang, Av = ns *  / 4 * P2 = 157.08 mm 2

Syarat : Av perlu > Av digunakan


157.080 > 139.445  AMAN (OK)
Jarak sengkang maksimum, smax = d / 4 = 112.50 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, 8 kali diameter tulangan longitudinal terkecil , smax = 8* D = 128.00 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, 24 kali diameter tulangan sengkang , smax = 24* D = 100.00 mm
Jarak sengkang maksimum, smax = 300.00 mm
Jarak sengkang yang digunakan, s= 150.00 mm
Digunakan sengkang, 2 D 10 150

4. TULANGAN SUSUT

Lebar balok b= 30 cm
Tinggi balok h= 50 cm
Digunakan tulangan, D 12
2
Luas penampang tulangan susut, A = / 4 * D = 113.04 mm
2

2
= 1.1304 cm
Tegangan leleh baja (deform) untuk tulangan lentur, fy = 400 MPa
2
Luas tulangan susut yang dibutuhkan, Asst = 0,0018 * b * h = 2.7 cm
2
Jumlah tulangan susut yang dibutuhkan, n = Asst / A 2.388535032 cm
4 D 12
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0
SD KANISIUS BADEGAN, BANTUL
Rev. Date : 16/12/2019

8. Plat Lantai 12 cm

Thickness plat = 12 cm
Mu max (derived fr SAP2000)= 0.95262 tm

As = Mu -----------------> As = Bar Required


0.8 x ax xd Mu = Momen derived  from  program SAP2000
a = fy steel (yield strength)
95262 kgcm d = thickness concrete ‐ concrete cover
0.80 x 4000 x 0.90 x 10

As = 3.31 cm2

Used bar:
Wiremesh M8 - 150 Double 6.90 cm2 > As =                           3.31 cm2
so Construction is  "OK"

M8 = 3.45 cm2
M10 = 5.33 cm2
      6.00 1.88 cm2
      8.00     3.35 cm2
    10.00     5.23 cm2
    12.00     7.54 cm2
    13.00     8.84 cm2
    16.00   13.40 cm2
    19.00   18.89 cm2
    22.00   25.33 cm2
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0
SD KANISIUS BADEGAN BANTUL
Rev. Date : 16/12/2019

9. Pondasi Tapak dan Sumuran

BERDASARKAN HASIL PERHITUNGAN

TABLE:  Joint Reactions
Joint OutputCase CaseType StepType F1 F2 F3 M1 M2 M3
Text Text Text Text Tonf Tonf Tonf Tonf‐m Tonf‐m Tonf‐m
211 1.2 DL + 1.6 LL Combination 0.1232 0.2704 48.7477 ‐0.15484 0.90726 0.00841

Rekomendasi Dimensi Pondasi Sumuran

1. Rekomendasi 1 : Pondasi Sumuran diameter 100 cm

Diambil kedalaman pondasi sumuran 4 meter

Pada kedalaman 4m
Titik qc
Sondir (kg/cm2)

S-01 120.00
S-02 200.00

Nilai qc terkecil sebesar : 120 kg/m2

Daya Dukung Ujung ( Qb ) 7850


Qb = Ah * qc = ( ¼ * π * 100²) * 120 942000
= 942000 kg

Luas Selimut ( As ) 125600


As = π * 100 * 400 = 125600 cm ²
1.44
Tahanan Dinding ( Fs )
Fs = 0,012 * qc = 1.44 kg/cm2

Daya Dukung Kulit ( Qs ) 180864


Qs = As * Fs = 125600 * 1.44
= 180864 kg

Daya Dukung Batas ( Qult )


Qult = Qb +Qs = 942000 + 180864 1122864 449145.6 449.146
= 1122864 kg
Check :
Qall = Qult = 1122864 = 449145.6 kg
SF 2.5
= 449.15 ton > 48.7477 ton
so Construction is  "OK"

2. Rekomendasi 2 : Pondasi Sumuran diameter 80 cm

Diambil kedalaman pondasi sumuran 4 meter

Pada kedalaman 4m
Titik qc
Sondir (kg/cm2)

S-01 120.00
S-02 200.00

Nilai qc terkecil sebesar : 120 kg/m2

Daya Dukung Ujung ( Qb )


Qb = Ah * qc = ( ¼ * π * 80²) * 120 602880
= 602880 kg
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR Doc. No.:

Rev. 0
SD KANISIUS BADEGAN BANTUL
Rev. Date : 16/12/2019

Luas Selimut ( As )
As = π * 80 * 400 = 100480 cm ² 100480

Tahanan Dinding ( Fs )
Fs = 0,012 * qc = 1.44 kg/cm2

Daya Dukung Kulit ( Qs )


Qs = As * Fs = 100480 * 1.44 144691.2 747571.2
= 144691.2 kg

Daya Dukung Batas ( Qult )


Qult = Qb +Qs = 602880 + 144691.2 299.02848
= 747571.2 kg
Check :
Qall = Qult = 747571.2 = 299028.48
SF 2.5
= 299.02848 to> 48.7477 ton
so Construction is  "OK"
                                                                                                                                                 Page 16 of 25

PONDASI P1

A. FOUNDATION DATA P1

SOIL DATA
The depth of the foundation, Df = 1.00 m
DIMENSIONS
Foundation width x direction, Bx = 1.20 m
Foundation width y direction, By = 1.20 m
Thick foundation, h= 0.50 m
Concrete Cover Thick h= 0.075 m
C l
Column width
idth x direction,
di ti bx = 0.35
0 35 m
Column width y direction, by = 0.45 m
The position of the column (in = 40, edge = 30, angle = 20) s = 40
MATERIAL PROPERTIES
Compressive strength of concrete, f c' = 24.5 MPa
Yield strength of steel reinforcement, fy = 390 MPa
Unit Weight concrete, c = 24 kN/m3

DESIGN LOAD FOUNDATION


Axial force due to the factored loads, Pu = 478.052 kN
Moment x direction due to the factored loads, Mux = -52.666 kNm
Moment y direction due to the factored loads, Muy = -58.473 kNm

B. SOIL BEARING CAPACITY USED

Soil bearing capacity is used: qa = 21574.60 kN/m2

C.CHECK SOIL PRESSURE


                                                                                                                                                 Page 17 of 25

Area foot base plate, A = Bx * By = 1.4400 m2


3
moment of inertia direction x, W x = 1/6 * By * Bx2 = 0.2880 m
moment of inertia direction y, W y = 1/6 * Bx * By =
2
0.2880 m3
Foot high above the ground plate, z = Df - h = 0.50 m
2
Pressure due to heavy foot and the ground plate, q = h * c + z * = 20.245 kN/m

Eccentricity on the foundation:


ex = Mux / Pu = -0.1102 m < Bx / 6 = 0.2000 m (OK)
ey = Muy / Pu = -0.1223 m < By / 6 = 0.2000 m (OK)

The maximum pressure that occurs at the base of the foundation:


Q=R
a1 = Bx/2 - ex = 0.7102 m
a2 = 3 a1 = 2.1305 m
qmax = 2 * Q /(3 * Bx * (By/2 - ex)) = - kN/m2
2
qmax = Pu / A + Mux / W x + Muy / W y + q = -33.673 kN/m
qmax = -33.67
qmax < qa  SAFE (OK)
The minimum pressure that occurs at the base of the foundation:
qmin = Pu / A - Mux / W x - Muy / W y + q = 738.124 kN/m2
qmin = 0.000 kN/m2
qmin = 738.12 kN/m2
qmin > 0  NOT TENSION (OK)

D SHEAR FORCE FOUNDATION


D.
1.SHEAR FORCE DIRECT X

Distance center to the outer side of the concrete reinforcement, d' = 0.0815 m
Effective foot thick plate, d = h - d' = 0.419 m
Distance fields critical to the outside of the foot plate, ax = ( Bx - bx - d ) / 2 = 0.216 m
Soil pressure at the critical field shear direction x,
qx = qmin + (Bx - ax) / Bx * (qmax - qmin) = 105.090 kN/m2
Shear direction x, Vux = [ qx + ( qmax - qx ) / 2 - q ] * ax * By = 4.004 kN
The width of the shear field to review the direction of x, b = By = 1200 mm
Footplat effective thickness, d= 419 mm
The ratio of long side to the short side of the column, c = bx / by = 0.7778
Shear strength foot plate x direction, taken the smallest value of Vc obtained from the following equation
-3
Vc = [ 1 + 2 / c ] * √ fc' * b * d / 6 * 10 = 1479.621 kN
Vc = [ s * d / b + 2 ] * √ fc' * b * d / 12 * 10-3 = 3303.994 kN
Vc = 1 / 6 * √ fc' * b * d * 10-3 = 414.294 kN
Taken, shear strength foot plate,  Vc = 414.294 kN
Shear strength reduction factor,  = 0.75
Shear strength foot plate, Vc = 310.720 kN
Conditions to be met,
                                                                                                                                                 Page 18 of 25

Vc ≥ Vux
310.720 > 4.004  SAFE (OK)

2. .SHEAR FORCE DIRECT Y

Distance center to the outer side of the concrete reinforcement, d' = 0.0815 m
Effective foot thick plate, d = h - d' = 0.419 m
Distance fields critical to the outside of the foot plate, ay = ( By - by - d ) / 2 = 0.166 m
Soil pressure at the critical field shear direction y,
qy = qmin + (By - ay) / By * (qmax - qmin) = 72.932 kN/m2
Shear direction y, Vuy = [ qy + ( qmax - qy ) / 2 - q ] * ay * Bx = -0.122 kN
The width of the shear field to review the direction of y, b = Bx = 1200 mm

Footplat effective thickness, d= 419 mm


The ratio of long side to the short side of the column, c = bx / by = 0.7778
Shear strength foot plate y direction, taken the smallest value of Vc obtained from the following equation
-3
Vc = [ 1 + 2 / c ] * √ fc' * b * d / 6 * 10 = 1479.621 kN
Vc = [ s * d / b + 2 ] * √ fc' * b * d / 12 * 10-3 = 3303.994 kN
-3
Vc = 1 / 6 * √ fc' * b * d * 10 = 414.294 kN
Taken, shear strength foot plate,  Vc = 414.294 kN
Shear strength reduction factor,  = 0.75
Shear strength foot plate, Vc = 310.720 kN
Conditions to be met,
Vc ≥ Vux
310.720 > -0.122  SAFE (OK)

3. CHECK PUNCH SHEAR

Distance center to the outer side of the concrete reinforcement, d' = 0.0815 m
Effective foot thick plate, d = h - d' = 0.42 m
                                                                                                                                                 Page 19 of 25

The width of the shear field puncher x direction, cx = bx + 2 * d = 0.769 m


The width of the shear field pons y direction, cy = by + 2 * d = 0.869 m
Punch shear forces that occur,
Vup = ( Bx * By - cx * cy ) * [ ( qmax + qmin ) / 2 - q ] = 256.474 kN
2
Wider field sliding punch, Ap = 2 * ( cx + cy ) * d = 1.370 m
The width of the shear field pons, bp = 2 * ( cx + cy ) = 3.274 m

The ratio of the long side of an eye. the short side of the column, c = bx / by = 0.7778
Punch shear stress, taken the smallest value of Vcp is obtained from the following equation:
Vcp = [ 1 + 2 / c ] * √ fc' / 6 = 2.946 MPa
Vcp = [ s * d / bp + 2 ] * √ fc' / 12 = 2.934 MPa
Vcp = 1 / 3 * √ fc' = 1.650 MPa
The shear stress required pons, Vcp = 1.650 MPa
Punch shear strength reduction factor,  = 0.75
3
Punch shear strength, * Vnp = * Ap * Vcp * 10 = 1695.50 kN
Terms:  * Vnp ≥ Vup
1695.498 > 256.474  SAFE (OK)
 * Vnp ≥ Pu
1695.498 > 478.052  SAFE (OK)

E. REINFORCEMENT

1. FLEXULAR REINFORCEMENT X DIRECTION

Distance beyond the edge of the column to the foot plate, ax = ( Bx - bx ) / 2 = 0.425 m
Soil pressure at the edge of the column,
qx = qmin + (Bx - ax) / Bx * (qmax - qmin) = 239.672 kN/m2

Moments that occur in the foundation plate due to soil pressure


2
Mux = 1/2 * ax * [ qx + 2/3 * ( qmax - qx ) - q ] * By = 4.031 kNm

The width of the foundation plate under review, b = By = 1200 mm


Foundation plate thickness, h= 500 mm
Distance center reinforcement thd. the outside of the concrete, d' = 81.5 mm
Effective plate thickness, d = h - d' = 419 mm
Compressive strength of concrete, f c' = 25 MPa
Yield strength of steel reinforcement, fy = 390 MPa
Elastic modulus of steel, Es = 2.00E+05 MPa
Concrete stress distribution factor, 1 = 0.85
b = 1* 0.85 * fc’/ fy * 600 / ( 600 + fy ) = 0.02750777
Flexural strength reduction factor,  = 0.80
Rmax = 0.75 * b * fy * [1-½*0.75* b * fy / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 6.492
Mn = Mux /  = 5.039 kNm
Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = 0.02398
                                                                                                                                                 Page 20 of 25

Rn < Rmax  (OK)


Required reinforcement ratio,
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  {1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) } ] = 0.0001
The minimum reinforcement ratio, min = 0.0035
Reinforcement ratio used,  aktual= 0.0035
2
The area of reinforcement is required, As = aktual* b * d = 1757.70 mm

Diameter of reinforcement is used, D 16 mm


Distance reinforcement is required, s =  / 4 * D2 * b / As = 137 mm
Maximum reinforcement spacing, smax = 200 mm
Distance reinforcement is used,  s= 137 mm
Used reinforcement, D 16 - 125
The area of reinforcement used, As =  / 4 * D2 * b / s = 1930.19 mm2

2. FLEXULAR REINFORCEMENT Y DIRECTION

Distance beyond the edge of the column to the foot plate, ay = ( By - by ) / 2 = 0.375 m
S il pressure att the
Soil th edge
d off th
the column,
l
qy = qmin + (By - ay) / By * (qmax - qmin) = 207.514 kN/m2

Moments that occur in the foundation plate due to soil pressure


2
Muy = 1/2 * ay * [ qy + 2/3 * ( qmax - qy ) - q ] * Bx = 2.234 kNm
The width of the foundation plate under review, b = Bx = 1200 mm
Foundation plate thickness, h= 500 mm
Distance center reinforcement thd. the outside of the concrete, d' = 82 mm
Effective plate thickness, d = h - d' = 419 mm
Compressive strength of concrete, f c' = 25 MPa
Yield strength of steel reinforcement, fy = 390 MPa
Elastic modulus of steel, Es = 2.00E+05 MPa
Concrete stress distribution factor, 1 = 0.85
b = 1* 0.85 * fc’/ fy * 600 / ( 600 + fy ) = 0.02750777
Flexural strength reduction factor,  = 0.80
Rmax = 0.75 * b * fy * [1-½*0.75* b * fy / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 6.492
Mn = Muy /  = 2.793 kNm
Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = 0.01329
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Required reinforcement ratio,
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  {1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) } ] = 0.0000
The minimum reinforcement ratio, min = 0.0035
Reinforcement ratio used,  aktual= 0.0035

The area of reinforcement is required, As = aktual* b * d = 1757.70 mm2

Diameter of reinforcement is used, D 16 mm


2
Distance reinforcement is required, s =  / 4 * D * b / As = 137 mm
Maximum reinforcement spacing, smax = 200 mm
                                                                                                                                                 Page 21 of 25

Distance reinforcement is used,  s= 137 mm


Used reinforcement, D 16 - 125
The area of reinforcement used, As =  / 4 * D * b / s =
2
1930.19 mm2

3. REINFORCING SHRINKAGE

Minimum shrinkage reinforcement ratio, smin = 0.0018


Shrinkage reinforcement wide x direction, Asx = smin* d * Bx = 903.960 mm2
2
Extensive shrinkage reinforcement y direction, Asy = smin* d * By = 903.960 mm

Diameter of reinforcement is used, D 13 mm

2
Distance reinforcement shrinkage direction x, sx =  / 4 *  * By / Asx = 176 mm
Shrinkage reinforcement maximum distance x direction, sx,max = 200 mm
Distance x direction shrinkage reinforcement is used,  sx = 176 mm
Sh i k
Shrinkage reinforcement
i f t distance
di t y di
direction,
ti sy =  / 4 *  2 * Bx / Asy = 176 mm
The maximum shrinkage reinforcement distance y direction, sy,max = 200 mm
Distance y direction shrinkage reinforcement is used,  sy = 176 mm
Used shrinkage reinforcement direction x, D 13 - 125
Used shrinkage reinforcement y direction, D 13 - 125
                                                                                                                                                 Page 16 of 25

PONDASI P2

A. FOUNDATION DATA P1

SOIL DATA
The depth of the foundation, Df = 1.00 m
DIMENSIONS
Foundation width x direction, Bx = 0.80 m
Foundation width y direction, By = 0.80 m
Thick foundation, h= 0.30 m
Concrete Cover Thick h= 0.075 m
C l
Column width
idth x direction,
di ti bx = 0.20
0 20 m
Column width y direction, by = 0.20 m
The position of the column (in = 40, edge = 30, angle = 20) s = 40
MATERIAL PROPERTIES
Compressive strength of concrete, f c' = 24.5 MPa
Yield strength of steel reinforcement, fy = 390 MPa
Unit Weight concrete, c = 24 kN/m3

DESIGN LOAD FOUNDATION


Axial force due to the factored loads, Pu = 124.335 kN
Moment x direction due to the factored loads, Mux = -4.916 kNm
Moment y direction due to the factored loads, Muy = 4.291 kNm

B. SOIL BEARING CAPACITY USED

Soil bearing capacity is used: qa = 2647,8 kN/m2

C.CHECK SOIL PRESSURE


                                                                                                                                                 Page 17 of 25

Area foot base plate, A = Bx * By = 0.6400 m2


3
moment of inertia direction x, W x = 1/6 * By * Bx2 = 0.0853 m
moment of inertia direction y, W y = 1/6 * Bx * By =
2
0.0853 m3
Foot high above the ground plate, z = Df - h = 0.70 m
2
Pressure due to heavy foot and the ground plate, q = h * c + z * = 18.743 kN/m

Eccentricity on the foundation:


ex = Mux / Pu = -0.0395 m < Bx / 6 = 0.1333 m (OK)
ey = Muy / Pu = 0.0345 m < By / 6 = 0.1333 m (OK)

The maximum pressure that occurs at the base of the foundation:


Q=R
a1 = Bx/2 - ex = 0.4395 m
a2 = 3 a1 = 1.3186 m
qmax = 2 * Q /(3 * Bx * (By/2 - ex)) = - kN/m2
2
qmax = Pu / A + Mux / W x + Muy / W y + q = 205.689 kN/m
qmax = 205.69
qmax < qa  SAFE (OK)
The minimum pressure that occurs at the base of the foundation:
qmin = Pu / A - Mux / W x - Muy / W y + q = 220.344 kN/m2
qmin = 0.000 kN/m2
qmin = 220.34 kN/m2
qmin > 0  NOT TENSION (OK)

D SHEAR FORCE FOUNDATION


D.
1.SHEAR FORCE DIRECT X

Distance center to the outer side of the concrete reinforcement, d' = 0.0815 m
Effective foot thick plate, d = h - d' = 0.219 m
Distance fields critical to the outside of the foot plate, ax = ( Bx - bx - d ) / 2 = 0.191 m
Soil pressure at the critical field shear direction x,
qx = qmin + (Bx - ax) / Bx * (qmax - qmin) = 209.183 kN/m2
Shear direction x, Vux = [ qx + ( qmax - qx ) / 2 - q ] * ax * By = 28.795 kN
The width of the shear field to review the direction of x, b = By = 800 mm
Footplat effective thickness, d= 219 mm
The ratio of long side to the short side of the column, c = bx / by = 1.0000
Shear strength foot plate x direction, taken the smallest value of Vc obtained from the following equation
-3
Vc = [ 1 + 2 / c ] * √ fc' * b * d / 6 * 10 = 432.608 kN
Vc = [ s * d / b + 2 ] * √ fc' * b * d / 12 * 10-3 = 931.910 kN
Vc = 1 / 6 * √ fc' * b * d * 10-3 = 144.203 kN
Taken, shear strength foot plate,  Vc = 144.203 kN
Shear strength reduction factor,  = 0.75
Shear strength foot plate, Vc = 108.152 kN
Conditions to be met,
                                                                                                                                                 Page 18 of 25

Vc ≥ Vux
108.152 > 28.795  SAFE (OK)

2. .SHEAR FORCE DIRECT Y

Distance center to the outer side of the concrete reinforcement, d' = 0.0815 m
Effective foot thick plate, d = h - d' = 0.219 m
Distance fields critical to the outside of the foot plate, ay = ( By - by - d ) / 2 = 0.191 m
Soil pressure at the critical field shear direction y,
qy = qmin + (By - ay) / By * (qmax - qmin) = 209.183 kN/m2
Shear direction y, Vuy = [ qy + ( qmax - qy ) / 2 - q ] * ay * Bx = 28.795 kN
The width of the shear field to review the direction of y, b = Bx = 800 mm

Footplat effective thickness, d= 219 mm


The ratio of long side to the short side of the column, c = bx / by = 1.0000
Shear strength foot plate y direction, taken the smallest value of Vc obtained from the following equation
-3
Vc = [ 1 + 2 / c ] * √ fc' * b * d / 6 * 10 = 432.608 kN
Vc = [ s * d / b + 2 ] * √ fc' * b * d / 12 * 10-3 = 931.910 kN
-3
Vc = 1 / 6 * √ fc' * b * d * 10 = 144.203 kN
Taken, shear strength foot plate,  Vc = 144.203 kN
Shear strength reduction factor,  = 0.75
Shear strength foot plate, Vc = 108.152 kN
Conditions to be met,
Vc ≥ Vux
108.152 > 28.795  SAFE (OK)

3. CHECK PUNCH SHEAR

Distance center to the outer side of the concrete reinforcement, d' = 0.0815 m
Effective foot thick plate, d = h - d' = 0.22 m
                                                                                                                                                 Page 19 of 25

The width of the shear field puncher x direction, cx = bx + 2 * d = 0.419 m


The width of the shear field pons y direction, cy = by + 2 * d = 0.419 m
Punch shear forces that occur,
Vup = ( Bx * By - cx * cy ) * [ ( qmax + qmin ) / 2 - q ] = 90.310 kN
2
Wider field sliding punch, Ap = 2 * ( cx + cy ) * d = 0.366 m
The width of the shear field pons, bp = 2 * ( cx + cy ) = 1.674 m

The ratio of the long side of an eye. the short side of the column, c = bx / by = 1.0000
Punch shear stress, taken the smallest value of Vcp is obtained from the following equation:
Vcp = [ 1 + 2 / c ] * √ fc' / 6 = 2.475 MPa
Vcp = [ s * d / bp + 2 ] * √ fc' / 12 = 2.979 MPa
Vcp = 1 / 3 * √ fc' = 1.650 MPa
The shear stress required pons, Vcp = 1.650 MPa
Punch shear strength reduction factor,  = 0.75
3
Punch shear strength, * Vnp = * Ap * Vcp * 10 = 452.62 kN
Terms:  * Vnp ≥ Vup
452.616 > 90.310  SAFE (OK)
 * Vnp ≥ Pu
452.616 > 124.335  SAFE (OK)

E. REINFORCEMENT

1. FLEXULAR REINFORCEMENT X DIRECTION

Distance beyond the edge of the column to the foot plate, ax = ( Bx - bx ) / 2 = 0.300 m
Soil pressure at the edge of the column,
qx = qmin + (Bx - ax) / Bx * (qmax - qmin) = 211.185 kN/m2

Moments that occur in the foundation plate due to soil pressure


2
Mux = 1/2 * ax * [ qx + 2/3 * ( qmax - qx ) - q ] * By = 6.796 kNm

The width of the foundation plate under review, b = By = 800 mm


Foundation plate thickness, h= 300 mm
Distance center reinforcement thd. the outside of the concrete, d' = 81.5 mm
Effective plate thickness, d = h - d' = 219 mm
Compressive strength of concrete, f c' = 25 MPa
Yield strength of steel reinforcement, fy = 390 MPa
Elastic modulus of steel, Es = 2.00E+05 MPa
Concrete stress distribution factor, 1 = 0.85
b = 1* 0.85 * fc’/ fy * 600 / ( 600 + fy ) = 0.02750777
Flexural strength reduction factor,  = 0.80
Rmax = 0.75 * b * fy * [1-½*0.75* b * fy / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 6.492
Mn = Mux /  = 8.495 kNm
Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = 0.22242
                                                                                                                                                 Page 20 of 25

Rn < Rmax  (OK)


Required reinforcement ratio,
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  {1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) } ] = 0.0006
The minimum reinforcement ratio, min = 0.0035
Reinforcement ratio used,  aktual= 0.0035
2
The area of reinforcement is required, As = aktual* b * d = 611.80 mm

Diameter of reinforcement is used, D 16 mm


Distance reinforcement is required, s =  / 4 * D2 * b / As = 263 mm
Maximum reinforcement spacing, smax = 200 mm
Distance reinforcement is used,  s= 200 mm
Used reinforcement, D 16 - 200
The area of reinforcement used, As =  / 4 * D2 * b / s = 804.25 mm2

2. FLEXULAR REINFORCEMENT Y DIRECTION

Distance beyond the edge of the column to the foot plate, ay = ( By - by ) / 2 = 0.300 m
S il pressure att the
Soil th edge
d off th
the column,
l
qy = qmin + (By - ay) / By * (qmax - qmin) = 211.185 kN/m2

Moments that occur in the foundation plate due to soil pressure


2
Muy = 1/2 * ay * [ qy + 2/3 * ( qmax - qy ) - q ] * Bx = 6.796 kNm
The width of the foundation plate under review, b = Bx = 800 mm
Foundation plate thickness, h= 300 mm
Distance center reinforcement thd. the outside of the concrete, d' = 82 mm
Effective plate thickness, d = h - d' = 219 mm
Compressive strength of concrete, f c' = 25 MPa
Yield strength of steel reinforcement, fy = 390 MPa
Elastic modulus of steel, Es = 2.00E+05 MPa
Concrete stress distribution factor, 1 = 0.85
b = 1* 0.85 * fc’/ fy * 600 / ( 600 + fy ) = 0.02750777
Flexural strength reduction factor,  = 0.80
Rmax = 0.75 * b * fy * [1-½*0.75* b * fy / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) ] = 6.492
Mn = Muy /  = 8.495 kNm
Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d2 ) = 0.22242
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Required reinforcement ratio,
 = 0.85 * fc’ / fy * [ 1 -  {1 – 2 * Rn / ( 0.85 * fc’ ) } ] = 0.0006
The minimum reinforcement ratio, min = 0.0035
Reinforcement ratio used,  aktual= 0.0035

The area of reinforcement is required, As = aktual* b * d = 611.80 mm2

Diameter of reinforcement is used, D 16 mm


2
Distance reinforcement is required, s =  / 4 * D * b / As = 263 mm
Maximum reinforcement spacing, smax = 200 mm
                                                                                                                                                 Page 21 of 25

Distance reinforcement is used,  s= 200 mm


Used reinforcement, D 16 - 200
The area of reinforcement used, As =  / 4 * D * b / s =
2
804.25 mm2

3. REINFORCING SHRINKAGE

Minimum shrinkage reinforcement ratio, smin = 0.0018


Shrinkage reinforcement wide x direction, Asx = smin* d * Bx = 314.640 mm2
2
Extensive shrinkage reinforcement y direction, Asy = smin* d * By = 314.640 mm

Diameter of reinforcement is used, D 13 mm

2
Distance reinforcement shrinkage direction x, sx =  / 4 *  * By / Asx = 337 mm
Shrinkage reinforcement maximum distance x direction, sx,max = 200 mm
Distance x direction shrinkage reinforcement is used,  sx = 200 mm
Sh i k
Shrinkage reinforcement
i f t distance
di t y di
direction,
ti sy =  / 4 *  2 * Bx / Asy = 337 mm
The maximum shrinkage reinforcement distance y direction, sy,max = 200 mm
Distance y direction shrinkage reinforcement is used,  sy = 200 mm
Used shrinkage reinforcement direction x, D 13 - 200
Used shrinkage reinforcement y direction, D 13 - 200
LAMPIRAN - B
OUTPUT SAP 2000
SAP2000 12/16/19 15:00:28

SAP2000 v14.0.0 - File:001 SD KANISIUS BANTUL - Frame Span Loads (BEBAN ATAP) (As Defined) - Tonf, m, C Units
SAP2000 12/16/19 15:00:49

SAP2000 v14.0.0 - File:001 SD KANISIUS BANTUL - Frame Span Loads (BEBAN ANGIN) (As Defined) - Tonf, m, C Units
SAP2000 12/16/19 15:02:22

SAP2000 v14.0.0 - File:001 SD KANISIUS BANTUL - Frame Span Loads (BEBAN DINDING) (As Defined) - Kgf, m, C Units
SAP2000 12/16/19 15:01:33

SAP2000 v14.0.0 - File:001 SD KANISIUS BANTUL - Joint Reactions (BEBAN GEMPA X) - Kgf, m, C Units
SAP2000 12/16/19 15:01:54

SAP2000 v14.0.0 - File:001 SD KANISIUS BANTUL - Joint Reactions (BEBAN GEMPA Y) - Kgf, m, C Units
SAP2000 12/16/19 15:05:57

SAP2000 v14.0.0 - File:001 SD KANISIUS BANTUL - Shear Force 2-2 Diagram (1.2 DL +1.6 LL + 0.5 LR) - Kgf, m, C Units
SAP2000 12/16/19 15:06:24

SAP2000 v14.0.0 - File:001 SD KANISIUS BANTUL - Moment 3-3 Diagram (1.2 DL +1.6 LL + 0.5 LR) - Kgf, m, C Units
SAP2000 12/16/19 15:07:04

SAP2000 v14.0.0 - File:001 SD KANISIUS BANTUL - 3-D View - Kgf, m, C Units