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Bagaimana meningkatkan kualitas bonding (lem) antara metal dengan polyurethane

elastomer/casted polyurethane?
Kasus untuk roda forklift

1. Apa plan yang akan dilakukan? Cantumkan link reference jurnalnya. Jika ada beberapa link
reference journal bisa tolong disebutkan mengapa memilih salah satu di antranya.

Untuk meningkatkan kualitas bonding antara metal dan dengan polyurethane elastomer adalah
dengan merekatkan keduanya dengan binder (lem). Berikut adalah beberapa binder untuk
merekatkan metal dan polyurethane elastomer:

1. THIXONTM 405
https://sfowa-
ec2.sharefile.com/wv/wordviewerframe.aspx?PdfMode=1&access_token=jIsTdpZKqKpaHx
GzH5rVptnD5R1OEsnIkjanShTeReRj8%2bRO5FDXrP9NQ6499pLYvjq6aodDEHzVQ1FHN6y
ImHYrx1e7UFrXLs1Uy0ouXSJl9Gqn9PuDBaVHb%2fIA3Qhs%2bUzQufn37P9%2bpDKBvue
mwCT1XYDupHE8%2bmT9gSaIEWKcVPReEtSO4cDbbtpzBQKQtiq7EJ8oXWP7RIDBr7jfrxC
guJcL2PCkOAQtJ0jZ3slYD7nCvL3ti5myegPrWTQMoMCyYx%2bHijrTL6YdVOuyzMBwnlD3j
Pw%2b4Hl%2fvckAEziJKl9d0SuH%2fAC4NvKFDePJkyoEGJDd5rPbeL3EQhDQXmZdwOi%2
fJuj5BdGGcObIC6LTJ91qFTUK6mo883GR3EqTJw%2bXF26J0X1AKeVtgacfhqrsANJdnk4IjEf
ExOV0QSSrcmg85%2bmD9RohLV%2fd6K5fZUlip7iypsg08imqTZmg5Gy6Nr12wGWoN4hs
uvemRe8OdkTzKkjh%2bdYYAKyyrwK%2b2Su8%2bOKoIGxlALJH7Xnudlhi74%2bMPVy78
cNGWwqqyMhdolGyo%2bng3gGVAIVZQleqid4kAOh4tHP1%2bdIDEVqyrEX8%2b%2fcdPs
AjSXr0mpohFitAHIRTOiZtPtUTbgrup782bX1MAexNk2bJZB7yquC8yTovptsXPId5mXc0%2b
NSfiu%2by%2bXs5QJQPSHzprrTUR9Or1X0dUrKjiZITaCAUWLpEKok4NUxaRWEec%2fEshf
TPbuJ68lKxEesGg%2fQJN9fsYzW5PD%2fkJLNOOoFEL%2f09yzVnOE9PahPPQAUv8EnvE0
%2bjebPA5%2bNOaKt7%2ftF13ehiACCvee3v4AkrWKj1ajW7yjLhfsLd28%2fzOHUOVbesc3
EI47XBfh4Mwh4DsMeFzbhIyF50c7wZ75XJjlBU3gaTeMno1cvinKUHz2oJFJqFd6jxfXC%2f1
%2b5LtwIv8xXlQFroDQZZjdw%2btOZ6o2t0kqJ2bWAbawoRPObLKibK%2fyAUNfwW5FFg
%2b9EoSBMcMAfGDlwv5jYR5GZWvdjvBe65DipCdUTYgMS1dYClzp5JXZ08zcC6TASn5jf44c
Q5n%2fCNRNo4iOVVg88Meoi3HgbbMPU4KP%2fmJ4wD0y6YKF99cc92Tpm9p09b8Fhbmx
SwUHQ28kDTXNLAyC%2bnhJGsTKOhM9FhmK%2bjjQh4L7n6KlkZXsMX%2bnWfkvCtkbee
nXDLSUMTaXjo%3d&access_token_ttl=1563942822605&WOPISrc=https://sfwopi-
ec2.sharefile.com/WopiServer/wopi/files/stdf504c-7606-4d6b-bac3-adfbe1b0223d
(curing temperature range 87.78 – 176.67 °C)
2. THIXONTM 420 Yellow
https://sfowa-
ec2.sharefile.com/wv/wordviewerframe.aspx?PdfMode=1&access_token=LWXXB8WN6Gn
E1eslnh3xQYf8iFvcEwHL8F5SwxlZzeUYxFKPGp59AW2MqqnfBICH1Qny5TJz3feqv5sqDbX
O2hGiPdTC2LUOuiJPc9moCzDR8TQXowhKnBBsYeMESthdjQjVDCXZ1Ip6LD2h9KfOj2AuhO
r6dKKVbT5t3EAFilyngK%2f3xPX7r%2bHA6PZXdGpru3G7wp5NJtH0z2gOiO5S%2bpOslpp
ZGjXtO2kTwA85pn%2b7PIGLJ%2fk%2f4WHg7Y%2bb2RHg3c9GLEJSN9UwmzCetREFeQJL
kPpeqhouVfr8owTOVUKcnmzZ5uFl8vSVSjen0mgqbdpjfkQEWtUlcBV%2b68P747om8Pr77
Zpb7LpioUbbI5aFOfEdJGO9E4paZZcnJtvyzuxppyapdo9qTLNg5gq6D%2fu2sW5hTzIo21EZ
KWpu3UqY2wzpKcGbxz1FXAkpV4vo37E4ZSutvoN7NYi6hds8qexzfb8iZLRLRZp20e5fMnzc
POyaC55Mcz%2fhWp9ZjDpBy3h%2b0m3dRxdsuXCSXLlWFkqPsW5PuyzyMT4C%2f3E%2f
rnzA07lYbpwnzKk94qpJFMgmANlH2QgG%2bwzIzUS7dxUTbBdDQTrDqdrobqlIihazRW5S
%2bdEB%2f08zGyJwzHv63QE0mL8nuc3SbhcPTFRptlHK3GgDHdZYcmmsMYYU7jvFXwK2s
HOux51Ecqh7v%2fIawez6jBij3kVcaAd7XA3xzdYZDM%2b6qqJcTG03CCwfXYTewLPOzZ1G
y4hDENnsOaLuH1QyrccHt%2fozKbnW3eLAp3RCyjdZTPBoGUx%2fO%2b5kYSYe%2fOXOU
Gxl%2fesGTPK4qrsxaiee1XgKsA0cOOTMZnXLnkOxrCDS%2fyj8WTxjfv6DL9n0q1LF3meed
nVR5lxzT0sdZHX50A9168jrZVDqnxDiu%2bImmBZbIiHaizMHswNBWCei9AMo9JXJXjHmbr
S7KBusfbeP%2bTjC%2bnReV18ue%2bIwbgSi23DXm2OHvu73NSCBo2VAF%2f6A1Bk1mgc
WWfvnpCvM9WWiYiDANFr1YBJ6pqAykbq%2bIbhyWEPR58rxwtOzcxUUr%2fw0EmXDOH
%2b1ZhKjXUBJKKYfVoqh0n1CMaBCsVPtViDJXRhrOocrIrlhZ9qHv56XK0dR3z6xU8XfUfAJw
U%2br%2by2EHSPkAJM5U%2fZ977sGkUJUjR5%2beTjZwZFbWPdFiL7ApYQXYyKI3X3N3
%2fSn747EhRT3E0jhh4EmnHFU3IdeV&access_token_ttl=1563942820073&WOPISrc=http
s://sfwopi-ec2.sharefile.com/WopiServer/wopi/files/st4390f7-2f48-44b8-b0c5-
caaa84873da0 (curing temperature range 135 – 176.67 °C)
3. THIXONTM 423 Black
https://sfowa-
ec2.sharefile.com/wv/wordviewerframe.aspx?PdfMode=1&access_token=NiHQpJ7yVBtZ3x
41kM7QllQH4mHwIrkNuGtVHkDVIPjwj%2bXNO4KcFbVK6ESEXTwrsL4Cg1U8YcpZlqAmd
2eWHPoZ8Cqt6bdEkmJp96xzb3kK6Lts517c%2fHOExm87PTmfLSsHooFwAqkZlXx%2fI53u
PtMZxB%2bQzJD%2fZE699HYaHlA%2fBg8xiHUmdQPJakfsHBJ5KP6rhzXbJuBCoQZ3mA5c
Ovx38DmmH1D%2f21vNjoGBEAOZMbZs3V5x1uu0UxDyBanq%2bsfTua2UZKB3zOihc3mo
Ru84Cyl8JrVqQFGmho07oG4KuhNRQVSLrnKV%2bpvdqMcP2Lqo5Lrg42E2F5wcJDC5ny6C
xajVXXXC990YSsddgWhoY3oDnCqsLu7zEAUWIiifMhVgodky51VDo7W7rtPa4ZLjne8NT9zJ
9NljODUYIe9M3V7cRuSlB%2fjdn30QLYd%2bosjud1qY5A7ki2nb2HUQoiSk5WDUot6WPAj
2Obvpa5Z6kqh61Y5dfDEWasPsO1WR1aXTyZ7TFmkPs9F5g004VXKAL1zx2fXpak5p%2fLV
b5aVhLirQ17jZzFuahT85aV7iB1UKXqaxbSWhZ0aYvsZBEHd7F%2fqIJlN%2bTgQfzemkbftA
NQTuBi9pWhbzHdvJCaYTg98FQWa%2bAOf62cn2q5SuAKzevA7RUBMDvhUdE%2fKstEfBQ
4RHTH7K2dqn07DSUow4r7qk0WSQKiVu4T%2bGFeyp7VDyNs18R8ob7r7jMtgIqkIh%2b
W2QjQsSgq3VLMG52YsNyzHGdCsWiusO16JvNzIHsQ9arT5CBr%2fzNAkPQIFPqrDp9JP9KJ
GmDP99bbRH8zZrl3rXQajZWAPRlWw%2fBN4NUiKP7lMA28POpUAEItYm%2f4FfaIdUI8Ef
2aDlLM%2bIxnzutJm9WBVCorDcwcTQD41SQJPuytmnjU0%2b%2beFo53pBoe7Kq8ZSOpSI
A8GPmdEBvORfxctN5a1NnP8eBDBmfsMblM5Xvsye0o0OUHV02CCh9OGK9hQaQBxg489ya
K%2btvprlEC5dX4uM2KJnc4rF48FqPUQGpI8dSi6NIzpXhFrBN34oWHpHjoj1xX8dniiLi2v8i
FOTHklzmX9roJ9NTp9vJDnujrF3SBvGm7hs22B5q9lm5%2bNHbb5%2fOmxggyoVP%2fO9v
hA%2f%2b9ze6nD5Z9UZEvnCvFLTaPVBBMMg6JiBpqp1VLif8nNFosh66NTjVnqo%3d&acc
ess_token_ttl=1563942734872&WOPISrc=https://sfwopi-
ec2.sharefile.com/WopiServer/wopi/files/st91fb80-3b78-47ab-83ac-8550be9b76cd
4. THIXONTM 423 Blue 1.7
https://sfowa-
ec2.sharefile.com/wv/wordviewerframe.aspx?PdfMode=1&access_token=HnlSWOZ0DpqbC
ZTPjURqLdLdfZ2GV%2bdOf7c0g3cii7qYt%2bs61%2f4V%2fRj4XCBWhznK1id9zexKpC4hfr
1JZPt2xYOwf0PmbgUwzxfX5pdvufqbkikdh%2b8P23VDyFCQbQ8jcjtIA%2fXFWGBaOE868X
VfGmQwt9Fyip%2bj8984PQWl%2bW%2bKDGLOc52N4Wdazozu4YpuC1ySBcHvhVvAMqK
%2fC1OGAz5sijjTpoNvRooiGhIdzgCQTKiv1bJkZJU0TTHBHxfBk3wb9NUkFdJFXqAdYT9jM3
5ofUtv4QbYicLiNCcCuOuMO30h4NNQ0bhW2v6kzsb0qXmCZyWYY6gNrZ3IZEWweCVnhj17
pBAGRSQcsYfs%2bY4oGBPTX0s1CdlLyTI40OjN%2bphzEITR79xj%2fUIe2I8ZbuQZEEeuv8g
fovGNwxnmyBeTkBU1QLrt8k34GWTKddPXBySHLM4QcESQGZqE4YIZOVlMoMtyXx02p8TP
pPGgeI1ogyLRQL6jkA8btjY8iRuyI5hu2dsET1A0QRWJoatAgoYQ%2fMKPAmBJjmFMaEZPQa
UAdRAnuRbpjnYs3U81QXuSq%2fWODwH1t3d8vuUu2Z2JbzRB1OPW67Tq27vINCHUBn16
4235SqxyR1vBsiPuLaPTCp5DOEPs%2fSZsjKG60SlZKY99pkviD4R4mbEjQstgD5aSKwzcn9s
p786udjqdbZ8nhl4A5Nov08ZsmnOiJLW1T0x9Vu%2btuABlTmCg0iXaTxhP9FjiQfwdswBN9
LGl5fSPkdCVq4W8qJSI%2bhi2EC0qET7BVnTtVap4s50bfu%2bSXUjQI%2bZ0Zhk%2fgp7GF
0UTH7erzgZaC02B9VETceAszCMH%2bVNPfEmWa4fdIDH23FvOiFupz%2f6g9Bbo%2ftACA
aRf3ub2dcWbNot3l%2btcQego1VekGr8CE%2bl7k96HHiA4GKFIRvF5Lmr4f9K2BxISIr1OM
027KX5sCzlt%2fDj%2fK6%2fcASzupXY%2bSoEBV1eyWtmzyOh5v2BSdrNaODsFlwQVS0H
eFHSXy2G863xjsK2ckEOMyROubGms3sHhVwPVw3dPdavXqsVCmYDdZySmMwEgqIxN6tpr
gQsDM8RW0l8zfGAJ5n1MaqrzrYqOx7CH4k5OHQtHK9UkmZu3cMfP42bZ5V1sNNVYrFc1s6
d9g57vbyaGJ5qLFp9R1E3ysZwDw0uq%2b67sEWd6t7Ye87G88CYm1XUiCqNlZaqSZQpZBD
VC9bfzt&access_token_ttl=1563942739872&WOPISrc=https://sfwopi-
ec2.sharefile.com/WopiServer/wopi/files/stfdd3c9-19d1-4a37-a56a-27f0c0dca30b (curing
temperature range 87.78 – 176.67 °C)
5. THIXONTM 423 Blue
https://sfowa-
ec2.sharefile.com/wv/wordviewerframe.aspx?PdfMode=1&access_token=JiHLoJWGBTegnn
aTjMVOOr7YDMqVh5PLyeU2tr2UqF7mBeCPplGcFDNmWRp52SzdBlWi5iLqOJhCOgLo%2fL
oABGMVMgbcJJJKMmBTHUQnpd2lRDJsRk9y37vV5LSTb05MgFg9te0PtT2rUAjo3Rfek9%2b
IE1l6Vejn3J71TccD1pqOzx%2bM7RqeQGQLDkKTNIeB6nHHT6SebcHn0eENQg0m14NIlPX
8MO7Y3aI7t5JfIHruCSYeR8XOrB77yAnY0fzCbtjnahc6fnhazJm%2boobAvclMPrsvnkuvBgES
5uB9H4A9%2fJRCjkWZKx1oEvqaXoTPrVIflBbMUKmfTrYJQHKVfKSu3i5gX6d7a7Wnk1yTV
MKs6L90PVcnJJRckTDhu8Z5G1TnbwDKvtsfQntE7SEatyZRfly0BlvnBeSuOrIO8hIJKqvpEbW
1gOCSI6CWJJbyVps3CwKiS75tL4c9OybLihwBusLKbdRl14F9X7je5cquCzVBkx5n%2fLqbTEJ
Gg3HADuvnG1MbevvO0pgQ0CQX9Uh6eW6fXSDfUgn0jyLszqpCqFIrxGuDrZNJ3vq%2bFCFp
cM%2fev1jQlei3Ha4SiHqK3pvMnQ9nGgQP%2bsQwokEiw%2fSOW%2bNcDzIp%2feodu0iY
myxhhe00NBNXasMdQV9wWjmdRdgf4P5xX370GrY%2fg1LD3aym%2bnc85UhN0l3vJgLtT
2upBJOiQd5G%2fia07HLmUDD290knCkBGSbuW82u0GW54besAxjbs8gIoTFduYdNcDQq2X
mrWcJP1qmVDeQztslJwbNY66S7IclijOt2QCJDjM%2bcisMzvbJxX51CuZwKRUocb1Ne5j%2b
rKbSTg8Lxl2Rp%2fM32GF80wjZNDzzEM8412w%2bhIAS6ll%2f0SuHa8a%2ftK3qxAJXFDH
TCHwbuWZmcLinvpdDPtoFt43j%2b8CTJ9T95CLHRxLtIHqy7kOxKfnen%2fyDB8puKlkfms
8V7D6acm51RXa7%2bKogf0Q30bb3f45r5iBfujxfXjDxccgEQr47dL0MotYtfW%2bZBDZhGA
MBjQkhNcSa6ZGs5DXAwh%2b0uC45oFNnrcgROTm8XHY0nAPgteESteHoo0aD1j4IGg%2br
vu3BTl8H22CcRPL7eodP35gtBqd7eW5zZgbW6Z7ks%2bXmCYbT4FYUYQkNoSHRtZQiLqm
69cznMSc1UQ%2bfBWnbD6EV3mQ47%2fLfTCHtWPIBOdK6rk%3d&access_token_ttl=156
3942754166&WOPISrc=https://sfwopi-
ec2.sharefile.com/WopiServer/wopi/files/st9908a1-d3c1-4149-be4d-d65c283edf20
(curing temperature range 87.78 – 176.67 °C)
6. THIXONTM 423
https://sfowa-
ec2.sharefile.com/wv/wordviewerframe.aspx?PdfMode=1&access_token=pNgbjbxWzaStK4
lIthSpa0W5jfAWiyFwCVn9ro%2fRjI4T0aslUPhsxnldYFrwsdU3IZvJBJeZLnpjgBiCEhvew9%2
b%2fca3J31PIjEup5AiKMdwfszE0F5z4KYpkxiwRB%2btxnIhPEvzX27QKEed31MScDKQFXk
hrHcnYg785NXCPqoATGZ0hbO00%2faNbpnw5XSfcpPHKwDOY9I20aLovXywG%2by3eri6h
pURefut8Daxiui%2fQFxgi3nmj6uVTyAY%2fhN18YTpRm94RjYiQ9HLxZh%2fiV3KpkdMyoj
1Op6WzGlXOjhmt%2fRodK47YrmZAAxl3CpUpCa6ZsFbJ1Zm9Mw93Prs%2fF5Q%2bsMcAy
qe3fC2GtK%2bVBnopndbl6ZdEcsZYTCNXpcGAIO7wJxe7kqZS5uGxo8nz7X7C%2fCWphxaiG
Ow96nQ9rqOX1olhClqytG2QUHs1W06wnEO4cxwolfaKZzo0qML%2fH7%2b9KKNRkRJq3U
R7zjH%2bszW%2b3D5IwLiF1gG5vST%2bJV9q3T36MiJupzc0VkpWqBKuxJxanLLZWPAOp
1SwkHV1jGB897VYnW2pkldA8Em%2fE0CB8qQuzCAXuabBuwz3n67shdO6x9yQLHgHi%2
bXg0qulbbBBPtPXD%2b%2fEizJ3dsyeihsU4yzmiC8EJQCYcgeWsuBmwPvGgxNsKRoKVIqbq
yA8ulZXJPUWHLFQvCSs6%2bSRzxk1BCPdXzHo%2f9PjKxbfqVieEO0zXXROyeh7DDwp20fv
b6Z3aNrjsh3ZYGT4Tq9LPFJFrmkz2dnsB4%2fMCkPzCKQ1us50DA3sYb8T2lNGJwxgQSinjU
Kr3kSb9f5pIa9rR%2bnYZY%2bppElh4HOGQ3%2bWXO3Vx%2bBVpCJ%2f05odzhrQvz7rBf
twq7Om0SK6BtIO2Fl5NWbyX%2bNuQP%2f3mYIIa2lTdrZ6GtvQXJDyAS57qVIO0BWbSm6l
Cku9W1IgaxhAwwSnbr14nC21ly9gRmj144JyuBWWxRxpdkZ%2bsRjmAlK2Li9eha%2bs6fb
oOu3H0vYvwwyg4GVK7wPVXR1rnfL8jcFsF5J3ycxJ2whwsBpDLvkQ8W%2bxwZ01ZqZ3Sn
DOSSTmmbwGTzGdycoyRk8n1Thc2GIIDb3lAC7g14g57iuwAL5j6uNKWFPCHACL%2bqrzG
5L%2f%2bHG%2fxMEXIjz4PZpklBpaPuuDM%2bGn0M4xQU3SbNw4KnKqvmy4ZuW7lGvG
9GxAcGDLBoWasIZbPCC5tKfUdbYFAH9oq&access_token_ttl=1563942771970&WOPISrc=h
ttps://sfwopi-ec2.sharefile.com/WopiServer/wopi/files/st519c58-8304-4ddb-87b6-
4dcc675c4322 (curing temperature range 87.78 – 176.67 °C)

7. CILBOND 45SF
http://www.kommerlinguk.com/pdf/bonding/Cilbond-45SF.pdf (Moulding Temperature Range 80
- 205°C & Optimum Dry Coating Thickness  25 micron for maximum adhesion and corrosion
resistance)
8. CILBOND 41
http://www.kommerlinguk.com/pdf/bonding/Cilbond-41.pdf (water unresistance)
9. CILBOND 48
http://www.kommerlinguk.com/pdf/bonding/Cilbond-48.pdf (Environmentally unresistance)
10. CILBOND 49SF
http://www.kommerlinguk.com/cilbond-49SF-adhesive.htm
11. Smooth-on and dari plantech
https://www.smooth-on.com/page/technical-assistance-policy/ &
https://plantech.com/project/bonding-urethane-metal/ (informasi kurang lengkap atau informasi
rinci belum dapat ditemukan)
Roda forklift terdiri atas:
1. Ban dari castable polyurethane elastomer
2. Rim dari steel

Maka yang paling meningkatkan kualitas ikatan ban dan rim (kekuatan ikatan tertinggi) adalah
CILBOND 49SF karena memiliki lebih banyak keuntungan dibanding binder lainnya, antara lain:

-Exhibits good resistance to static and dynamic fatigue and bonds survive in fluids such as fuels, oils
including all types of lubricants, glycols, inks, lacquers, paints and many cleaning solvents (dalam
kasus semisal roda dicuci dan atau terkena minyak dsb)

-Has good hot and cold water resistance


-Tidak hanya untuk PU tetapi juga TPU
-Mengikat ke semua logam selama curing process
-Apabila ditambah Cilcure B maka tahan panas hingga 180 °C
-Moulding Temperature Range 70 - 205°C
-Impact resistant and not brittle down to at least -40C
-Optimum Dry Coating Thickness  20 micron for maximum adhesion and 25 micron for maximum
corrosion resistance
2. Lalu apa “do”nya. Percobaan atau langkah apa yang akan dilakukan untuk untuk bisa
meningkatkan kualitas bonding (lem) antara metal dengan polyurethane?