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TUGAS ANALISA PERENCANAAN JEMBATAN KOMPOSIT

2 DENGAN ANALISA PLASTIS

P ro fil B a ja

P ip a G a lv a n is 2 Ø 2 ,5 "
0 .5 0

D E T A IL A
A s p a l t = 5 cm Ø 1 4 - 15 0 m m

1 .0 0 Ø 1 4 - 20 0 m m
C e n te r L in e 0 .9 0 0 .9 5
1 ,5 % 1 ,5 %

0 .6 0 1 .2 5 1 .2 5 1 .2 5 1 .2 5 1 .2 5 1 .2 5 0 .6 0

3 .7 5

7 .5 0

P O T O N G A N M E L IN T A N G
P E R E N C A N A A N J E M B A T A N K O M P O S IT

S ka la 1 : 1 5 0

Data Perencanaan :
Jembatan Kelas I
Bentangan Jembatan = 25.00 m
Lebar Jembatan = 7.50 m
Lebar Trotoar = 1.00 m
Jarak Gelegar (S) = 1.25 m
Tebal Aspal = 0.05 m
Tebal Lantai = 0.20 m
Pipa Reling/Sandaran = 2.50 Inchi
Pipa Saluran = 4.00 Inchi
Baja yang digunakan Fe. 360 (Tegangan Ultimed) σy = 240 MPa
Beton yang digunakan K.225 fc' = 25 MPa
Berat Jenis Beton Bertulang = 2,400 Kg/m3
Berat Jenis Beton = 2,000 Kg/m3
Berat Jenis Air Hujan = 1,000 Kg/m3
Berat Jenis Aspal = 2,200 Kg/m3

Rencana Gelegar Memanjang = Profile Flens Lebar Din 85

t2 H = 850 mm Ix = 443890 Cm4


B = 300 mm Iy = 16270 Cm4
H

t1 t1 = 19 mm ix = 34.6 cm
t2 = 36 mm iy = 6.61 cm
Fs = 372 cm2 Wx = 10440 Cm3
B
G = 292 Kg/m' Wy = 1080 Cm3

a be
0 .0 5
0 .2 0
0 .0 5
a be
0 .0 5
0 .2 0
0 .0 5

e .λ λ
.
S
Menentukan Lebar Efektif Balok Komposit
e = 30 + 5 + 5
e = 30 + 10
= 40 cm

S = 2a + e
125 = 2a + 40
2a = 125 - 40
2a = 85 cm
a = 42.5 cm

a/L = 42.5 cm = 42.5 cm = 0.017 ~ 0.05


25 m 2500 cm
Harga λ, ditentukan dari tabel berikut ini :
a/L 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
λ/a 1 0.89 0.78 0.68 0.58 0.5

berdasarkan tabel harga λ diatas didapat sebagai berikut :


Untuk harga a/L = 0.05 ; Lihat tabel harga λ
λ/a = 1
λ = a
λ = 42.50 cm
be
0 .0 5
0 .2 0
0 .0 5

e λ
.
S

Jadi Lebar Efektif Balok Komposit Sebagai berikut :


be = 2λ + e
= 2 x 42.5 + 42.5
= 85 + 42.5 = 127.50 cm

◘ PEMBEBANAN
Beban Mati (Dead Load)/(DL)
Gelegar Memanjang Tengah
Lantai = 0.20 x 1.275 x 2,400 = 612.00 Kg/m'
Voute = 0.05 x 0.4 + 0.3 x 2,400 = 42.00 Kg/m'
2
Gelegar Memanjang (Profile Din 85) = 292.00 Kg/m'
Diafragmanya 30% = 87.60 Kg/m'
= 1033.6 Kg/m'

Berat Baut = 5% x 1,034 = 51.68 Kg/m'


qDL = 1085.3 Kg/m'

Momen DL = 1/8 x qDL x L2


2
= 0.125 x 1085.3 x 25.00
= 84,787.50 Kg m

Gaya Lintang DL = 1/2 x qDL x L


= 0.5 x 1085.3 x 25.00
= 13,566.00 Kg

Gelegar Memanjang Tepi


Lantai = 0.20 x 1.225 x 2,400 = 588.00 Kg/m'
Voute = 0.05 x 0.4 + 0.3 x 2,400 = 42.00 Kg/m'
2
Gelegar Memanjang (Profile Din 85) = 292.00 Kg/m'
Diafragmanya 30% = 87.60 Kg/m'
= 1009.6 Kg/m'

Berat Baut = 5% x 1009.6 = 50.48 Kg/m'


qDL = 1060.1 Kg/m'

Momen DL = 1/8 x qDL x L2


2
= 0.125 x 1060.1 x 25.00
= 82,818.75 Kg m

Gaya Lintang DL = 1/2 x qDL x L


= 0.5 x 1060.1 x 25.00
= 13,251.00 Kg

Superimposed Dead Load/(SDL)


Gelegar Memanjang Tengah
Aspal = 0.05 x 1.275 x 2,200 = 140.25 Kg/m'
Air Hujan = 0.02 x 1.275 x 1,000 = 25.50 Kg/m'
qSDL = 165.75 Kg/m'

Momen SDL = 1/8 x qSDL x L2


2
= 0.125 x 165.75 x 25.00
= 12,949.22 Kg m
Gaya Lintang SDL = 1/2 x qSDL x L
= 0.5 x 165.75 x 25.00
= 2,071.88 Kg

Gelegar Memanjang Tepi


Trotoar = 0.20 x 1.00 x 2,400 = 480.00 Kg/m'
Dinding Tepi = 0.20 x 0.55 x 2,400 = 264.00 Kg/m'
Tiang dan Relling = 50.00 Kg/m'
qSDL = 794.00 Kg/m'

Momen SDL = 1/8 x qSDL x L2


2
= 0.125 x 794.00 x 25.00
= 62,031.25 Kg m

Gaya Lintang SDL = 1/2 x qDL x L


= 0.5 x 794.0 x 25.00
= 9,925.00 Kg

beban Hidup (Live Load)/(LL)


Gelegar Memanjang Tengah
Beban Merata
Bentangan L = 25 m Dimana; q = 2.2 t/m'
(Standar Pembebanan Jembatan)
q' = q x α x S Dimana ; α = 1
2.75
= 2.2 x 1 x 1.25
2.75
= 1.00 t/m' = 1,000.00 Kg/m'

Beban Terpusat
Beban garis / terpusat Dimana; P = 12 t
(Standar Pembebanan Jembatan)
P' = P x α x S Dimana ; α = 1
2.75
= 12 x 1 x 1.25
2.75
= 5.45 t = 5,454.545 Kg
Faktor Kejut
k = 1 + 20 Dimana ; L = 25 m
50 + L

= 1 + 20 = 1.267
50 + 25

Momen LL = 1/8 x q' x L2 + 1/4 x P' x L x k


2
= 0.125 x 1,000 x 25 + 0.25 x 5454.545 x
25 x 1.267
= 121306.818 Kg m
Gaya Lintang LL = 1/2 x qLL x L + 1/2 x PLL x k
= 0.5 x 1000.0 x 25.00 + 0.5 x 5,454.545 x
1.267
= 12,500.00 Kg + 3454.55 Kg
= 15,954.55 Kg

Gelegar Memanjang Tepi


Beban Merata
Bentangan L = 25 m Dimana; q = 500 Kg/m2
(Standar Pembebanan Jembatan)
q' = q x 1 m
= 500 x 1 m
= 350 Kg/m'

Beban Terpusat
Beban garis / terpusat Dimana; P = 12 t
(Standar Pembebanan Jembatan)
P' = P x α x 1/2 S Dimana ; α = 1
2.75
= 12 x 1 x 0.63
2.75
= 2.727 t = 2,727.273 Kg

Faktor Kejut
k = 1 + 20 Dimana ; L = 25 m
50 + L

= 1 + 20 = 1.267
50 + 25

Momen LL = 1/8 x q' x L2 + 1/4 x P' x L x k


2
= 0.125 x 350 x 25 + 0.25 x 2727.273 x
25 x 1.267
= 48934.659 Kg m

Gaya Lintang LL = 1/2 x qLL x L + 1/2 x PLL x k


= 0.5 x 350.0 x 25.00 + 0.5 x 2,727.273 x
1.267
= 4,375.00 Kg + 1727.27 Kg
= 6,102.27 Kg

KETERANGAN ;
◘ Momen
Gelegar Memanjang Tengah MDL = 84,787.500 Kg m
MSDL = 12,949.219 Kg m
MLL = 121,306.818 Kg m +
219,043.537 Kg m
Gelegar Memanjang Tepi MDL = 82,818.750 Kg m
MSDL = 62,031.250 Kg m
MLL = 48,934.659 Kg m +
193,784.659 Kg m

◘ Lintang
Gelegar Memanjang Tengah DDL = 13,566.000 Kg
DSDL = 2,071.875 Kg
DLL = 15,954.545 Kg +
31,592.420 Kg

Gelegar Memanjang Tepi DDL = 13,251.000 Kg


DSDL = 9,925.000 Kg
DLL = 6,102.273 Kg +
29,278.273 Kg

Dari hasil momen dan Lintang yang didapat maka untuk mendeasain jembatan kumposit diambil
momen dan lintang yang terbesar yaitu Gelegar memanjang tengah dengan momen dan nilai lintang
= 219,043.537 Kg m; dan 31,592.420 Kg

◘ MENENTUKAN GARIS NETRAL DAN INERSIA KOMPOSIT

σc

0 .2 0

0 .0 5
yc
dc
t2 dt
a GA RIS N ETRA L

H
ys
t1
0 .2 0

0 .0 5
yc
dc
t2 dt
a GA RIS N ETRA L

H
ys
t1

σs
B

dimana diketahui ;
H = 850 mm Ix = 443890 Cm4
B = 300 mm Iy = 16270 Cm4
t1 = 19 mm ix = 34.6 cm
t2 = 36 mm iy = 6.61 cm
Fs = 372 cm2 Wx = 10440 Cm3
G = 292 Kg/m' Wy = 1080 Cm3

Fs = 372 cm2
Fb = b/n x 20 cm Dimana; n = 20
= 128 / 20 x 20
= 6 x 20
= 128 cm2

Ft = Fs + Fb dt = 1/2 x H + 1/2 x 20 + 5
= 372 + 127.5 = 1 x 85 + 1 x 20 + 5
= 499.5 cm2 = 42.5 + 10 + 5
= 57.5 cm

Statis Momen terhadap titik berat beton


Fb x 0 + Fs x dt = Ft x dc
0 + 372 x 57.5 = 499.5 x dc
dc = 21390
499.5
dc = 42.823 cm

a = dc - 5 + 1/2 x 20
= 42.823 - 5 + 10
= 42.823 - 15
= 27.823 cm

yc = a + 5 + 20 ys = 85 - a
= 27.823 + 25 = 85 - 27.823
= 52.823 cm = 57.177 cm
3 2 2
It = 1/12 x b/n x 20 + Fb x dc + Ixs + Fs x ys - 42.50
2
= 0.083 x 6 x 8000 + 128 x 42.823 + 443890 + 372 x
2
57.177 - 42.50
= 4250 + 233809 + 443890 + 80136
4
= 762084.82 cm
AKIBAT CREEP
n' = n x 1 + ψ Dimana, Komposit ψ = 2
= 20 x 1 + 2
= 20 x 3
= 60

Fb' = b/n' x 20 cm Ft = Fs + Fb'


= 128 / 60 x 20 = 372 + 42.5
= 2 x 20 = 414.5 cm2
= 43 cm2

Statis Momen terhadap titik berat beton


Fb x 0 + Fs x dt = Ft x dc'
dc' = Fs x dt
Ft
dc' = 372 x 57.5 = 51.604 cm
414.5

a = dc' - 5 + 1/2 x 20
= 51.604 - 5 + 10
= 51.604 - 15
= 36.604 cm

yc' = a + 5 + 20 ys' = 85 - a
= 36.604 + 25 = 85 - 36.604
= 61.604 cm = 48.396 cm

3 2 2
It' = 1/12 x b/n' x 20 + Fb x dc' + Ixs + Fs x ys' - 42.50
2
= 0.083 x 2 x 8000 + 60 x 51.604 + 443890 + 372 x
2
48.396 - 42.50
= 1416.7 + 159780 + 443890 + 12930
4
= 618017.42 cm

Tegangan Baja Maksimum yang terjadi

σs = MDL x 102 MSDL x 102 x ys' MLL x 102 x ys


+ +
Wxs It' It
= 8,478,750.00 1294921.88 x 48.396 12,130,681.818 x 57.177
+ +
10440 618017.42 762084.82
= 812.14 + 101.4 + 910.1
= 1,823.676 Kg/cm2
= 182.368 MPa ≤ σy = 240 MPa …………….Ok !
SF = 240 MPa = 1.316
182.37 MPa

Tegangan Beton Maksimum yang terjadi

σc = MSDL x 102 x yc' MLL x 102 x yc


+
It' x n' It x n'
= 1294921.88 x 61.604 12,130,681.818 x 52.823
+
618017.42 x 60 762084.82 x 20
= 2.151 + 42.041
= 44.192 Kg/cm2
= 4.419 MPa ≤ fc' = 25 MPa …………….Ok !

SF = 25 MPa = 5.66
4.419 MPa

Cek Lendutan
Yang kita gunakan hanya beban hidup pada gelegar tengah untuk menentukan besar lendutan
P' = 5454.55 Kg L = 2,500.00 cm
q' = 10.0 Kg/cm' Es = 2.1 x 106 Kg/cm2

Lendutan yang terjadi


5 . q' . L4 1 . P' . L3
δ = +
384 Es . It 48 Es. It
5 10.0 2.5004 1 5454.545 2.5003 = 4.288 cm
δ = 6
+ 6
384 2.1 10 762084.82 48 2.1 10 762084.82

Lendutan Izin
 = L = 2500 = 5 cm
500 500

Kontrol : δ ≤ 
4.288 ≤ 5 …………….Ok !
Jadi Gelegar Memanjang Profile Lebar Din 85 aman untuk digunakan
◘ PERENCANAAN SHEAR CONNECTOR (Penghubung Geser)
Perencanaan Cannal Connector :

L
t

d
Profil Cannal Connector yang digunakan adalah Baja Profil Cannal C 14,

t dimana : b = 6 ; Lebar Flens (cm)


ht = 14 ; Tinggi Flens (cm)
d ht t = 1 ; Tebal Flens (cm)
d = 7 ; Tebal Badan (cm)
L = 15 ; Lebar Flens (cm)
b
σc = Tegangan beton K.225
σc = 25 MPa = 250 Kg/cm2
Q = Kekuatan Cannal Connector (Kg)
Q  20 t  5 2 . L . c

Kekuatan Untuk 1 bh Cannal Connector adalah ;


Q = 20 x t + 5/2 x L x σc
= 20 x 1 + 2.5 x 15 x 250
= 16602.0 Kg

Digunakan 1Bh Cannal Shear Connector = 1 x 16601.958 = 16601.958 Kg

be

d
dc

Statis Momen komposit (S)


S = b x d x dc S' = b x d x dc'
n n'
= 127.5 x 20 x 42.823 = 127.5 x 20 x 51.604
20 60
= 5459.91 cm3 = 6579.55 cm3

GAYA GESER (Longitudinal Shear)


Besarnya gaya geser persatuan panjang bentangan jembatan

q = 0.5 x DDL + DSDL x S' DLL x S


+
It' It
= 0.5 x 13566 + 2,071.875 x 5459.9 15954.545 x 6579.6
+
618017.42 762084.82
= 206.822 Kg/cm

Jarak Stud Connector


X = Q Total = 16601.958 = 80.27 ~ 80.00 cm
q 206.822

Cek Jarak Shear Connector


q x X ≤ Q
206.822 x 80 ≤ 16601.958 Kg
16545.791 Kg ≤ 16601.958 Kg …………….Ok !

0 .8 0 0 .8 0

0 .1 4

0 .8 5

Jumlah Cannal Connector

n = L = 2,500.00 = 31.25 ~ 31.00 Buah


X 80

Jumlah Cannal Connector untuk 1 gelegar memanjang adalah 31.00 buah

◘ PERENCANAAN DIAFRAGMA (PENGAKU)

4 .0 0 4 .0 0
2 5 .0 0

beban yang digunakan untuk menentukan dimensi diafragma :


P = P1 + L1 - 4 x P2 x k
4
diaman :
P = beban fiktif
P1 = tekanan roda tengah / belakang (10 Ton) ---> Untuk Jembatan Kelas I
P2 = tekanan roda depan (2,5 Ton) ---> Untuk Jembatan Kelas I
L1 = jarak diafragma (Mak. 6 m)
k = koefisen kejut

P = 10 + 4.00 - 4 x 2.5 x 1.267


4
= 10 + 0.000 x 2.5 x 1.267
= 10.000 x 1.267
= 12.667 Ton
= 12666.667 Kg

P = 12666.667 Kg

S= 1.25 m

Mmax = 1/4 x P x S
= 0.25 x 12666.667 x 1.25
= 3958.3 Kg m = 395833.33 Kg cm

σ = Mmax ≤ σl W = Mmax

W σl

Wx = 395833.33 Kg cm = 39583.333 MPA


240 MPA 240 MPA
Wx = 164.93 cm3

berdasarkan tabel didapatkan profile yang akan digunakan sebagai berikut :


direncanakan menggunakan Profile H 250/125 mm

H = 250.00 mm Ix = 4050.0 Cm4


t2 B = 125.00 mm Iy = 294.00 Cm4
H t1 = 6.00 mm ix = 10.40 cm
t1 t2 = 9.00 mm iy = 2.79 cm
Fs = 37.66 cm2 Wx = 324.00 Cm3
G = 36.70 Kg/m' Wy = 47.00 Cm3
B

Cek berat yang direncanakan


= 0.3 x berat gelegar memanjang ≥ S x 36.70 Kg/m'
= 0.3 x 292.0 kg/m' ≥ 1.25 x 36.70 Kg/m'
= 87.60 Kg/m' ≥ 45.88 Kg/m' …………….Ok !

Cek Tegangan Ultimed


σ = Mmax ≤ σy
Wx
σ = 395833.3333 ≤ σy = 240 Mpa
324
= 122.171 MPa ≤ 240 MPa …………….Ok !

SF = 240 MPa = 1.96


122.17 MPa

Jadi Gelegar Memanjang Profile H 250 x 125 aman untuk digunakan