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PERH

HITUN
NGAN STRU
UKTURR COL
LD
STORAG
GE BA
ACAN

N
NOVEM
MBER 2019
2
PROJECT TITLE: PEMBANGUNAN COLD STORAGE BACAN

DOCUMENT TITLE: LAPORAN PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR

DOCUMENT NO:
DAFTAR ISI

1. UMUM ....................................................................................................................................... 3

2. KODE, STANDAR DAN SPESIFIKASI ..................................................................................... 3

3. STANDAR UKURAN ................................................................................................................. 3

4. MODELLING, ANALISA DAN METODE PERHITUNGAN ........................................................ 3

5. DATA DESAIN .......................................................................................................................... 3


5.1 MUTU MATERIAL .......................................................................................................... 3
5.2 BEBAN HIDUP ATAP..................................................................................................... 3
5.3 BEBAN ANGIN ............................................................................................................... 4
5.4 BEBAN GEMPA ............................................................................................................. 4

6. LAMPIRAN…………………………………………………………………… .................................. 5
LAMPIRAN A : PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR ………... ................................................. 5
LAMPIRAN B : OUTPUT SAP 2000………... ................................................................. 5
1. UMUM

Tujuan dari dokumen ini adalah untuk mendesain bangunan COLD STORAGE.

2. KODE, STANDAR DAN SPESIFIKASI

Kontraktor harus bekerja sesuai dengan persyaratan yang ditentukan di sini dan
persyaratan yang berlaku dari edisi terbaru Kode dan Standar edisi terbaru yang
direferensikan berikut ini, kecuali jika disetujui oleh Pemberi Kerja.

2.1 Kode dan Standar

SNI 1726-2012 Tata Cara Perencanaan Ketahanan Gempa untuk Struktur


Bangunan Gedung dan Non Gedung

SNI 1727-2013 Beban Minimum untuk Perancangan Bangunan Gedung dan


Struktur Lain

2. STANDAR UKURAN

Satuan SI harus digunakan untuk semua desain, gambar dan spesifikasi.

3. MODELING, ANALISA DAN METODE PERHITUNGAN

Pemodelan, Analisis dan Perhitungan Struktur untuk Masjid menggunakan Program


SAP 2000 dan Microsoft Excel.
4. DATA DESAIN

4.1 Mutu Material

Beton Pondasi dan Struktur, fc = 30 Mpa


Tulangan beton standar ASTM A615
Tulangan Ulir fy = 390 Mpa = 3900 kg/cm2
Tulangan Polos fy = 390 Mpa = 3900 kg/cm2
Baja Struktur, fy = 253.2 Mpa/SS400

5. DATA PEMBEBANAN

5.1 Beban Mati

Beban mati bangunan yang dipertimbangkan dalam desain adalah beban sendiri
struktur dan beban komponen non struktur. Rincian perhitungan Beban Mati bangunan
disajikan pada Lampiran A.
5.2 Beban Hidup Atap

Beban hidup bangunan yang dipertimbangkan dalam desain adalah beban hujan.
Rincian perhitungan Beban Hidup Atap disajikan pada Lampiran A.

5.3 Beban Angin

Perhitungan Beban Angin berdasarkan SNI 1727-2013. Detail beban Angin disajikan
pada Lampiran A.

5.4 Beban Gempa

Perhitungan Beban Gempa berdasarkan SNI 1726-2012. Detail Beban Gempa


disajikan pada Lampiran A.
LAMPIRAN - A
PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR
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1. UMUM

1.1 MUTU MATERIAL


No. Nama Simbol Nilai Unit Keterangan
1 Beton fc' 30.0 MPa
Lantai Kerja fc' 17.5 MPa
2 Tulangan Ulir Fy 400 MPa
Tulangan Polos Fy 240 MPa
3 Baja Fy 253 MPa
4 Anchor Bolt Fy 240 MPa

1.2 Berat Jenis Material


No. Nama Simbol Nilai Unit Keterangan
1 Beton Struktur c 23.54 kN/m3
2 Beton levellig pc 22.54 kN/m3
3 Baja s 77.00 kN/m3
4 Tanah so 16.39 kN/m3
5 Sirtu g 17.70 kN/m3
6 Air L 10.00 kN/m3
7 Dinding g 250.0 kg/m3

2. KRITERIA DESAIN
Kombinasi pemuatan berfaktor digunakan untuk desain beton bertulang.

No. Deskripsi Keterangan


1 Beban Gempa SNI 1726-2012
2 Beban Angin SNI 1727-2013
3 Type Struktur Struktur baja dengan pemikul momen biasa
4 Analisa Statik
5 Desain Beton ACI 318-05 / 318R-05

3. BEBAN KOMBINASI
3.1 Beban Kombinasi Terfaktor

LC Description Remarks
8 1.4 D Permanent
9 1.2 D + 1.6 L Temporary
10 1.2 D + 1.6 L + 0.5 LR Temporary
11 1.2 D + 1.6 LR + 1.0 L Temporary
12 1.2 D + 1.0 W + 1.0 L + 0.5 LR Temporary
13 1.2 D + 1.0 E + 1.0 L Temporary
14 0.9 D + 1.0 W Temporary
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LC Description Remarks
15 0.9 D + 1.0 E Temporary
16 1.2 D + 1.0 L + 1.0 EX + 0.3 EY Temporary
17 1.2 D + 1.0 L + 1.0 EX - 0.3 EY Temporary
18 1.2 D + 1.0 L - 1.0 EX + 0.3 EY Temporary
19 1.2 D + 1.0 L - 1.0 EX - 0.3 EY Temporary
20 0.9 D + 1.0 EX + 0.3 EY Temporary
21 0.9 D + 1.0 EX - 0.3 EY Temporary
22 0.9 D - 1.0 EX + 0.3 EY Temporary
23 0.9 D - 1.0 EX - 0.3 EY Temporary
24 1.2 D + 1.0 L + 0.3 EX + 1.0 EY Temporary
25 1.2 D + 1.0 L + 0.3 EX - 1.0 EY Temporary
26 1.2 D + 1.0 L - 0.3 EX + 1.0 EY Temporary
27 1.2 D + 1.0 L - 0.3 EX - 1.0 EY Temporary
28 0.9 D + 0.3 EX + 1.0 EY Temporary
29 0.9 D + 0.3 EX - 1.0 EY Temporary
30 0.9
0 9 D - 0.3
0 3 EX + 11.0
0 EY Temporary
31 0.9 D - 0.3 EX - 1.0 EY Temporary

4. STRUCTURE MODELING
4.1 Plan and Elevation
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5. DATA PEMBEBANAN
5.1 Beban Mati (DL)
Beban ini terdiri dari berat mati struktur utama dan beban mati struktur sekunder

5.1.1 Beban Sendiri Struktur


Berat balok, kolom dan berat struktur utama lainnya secara otomatis dihitung oleh SAP 2000.
5.1.2 Beban Atap
LL Beban Mati Atap = 6.00 kg/m2
= 30.00 kg/m
5.2 Beban Hujan ( LR )
LR Beban Hujan = 20.00 kg/m2

5.3 Beban Angin ( W )


W Beban Angin = 100.00 kg/m

5.4 Beban Gempa


Beban Gempa dihitung berdasarkan SNI 03-1726-2012. Beban Gempa diinput dengan
metode Respon Spektrum di SAP 2000
S S = 1.104
S 1 = 0.43

Table Modification of response, R


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Table Earthquake Importance Factor, I e

Table Risk categories of buildings and non-buildings for seismic load


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PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR WORKSHOP UT ADARO RISA
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6. HASIL PERHITUNGAN

TABLE:  Steel Design 1 ‐ Summary Data ‐ AISC‐LRFD93
Frame DesignSect DesignType Ratio RatioType Combo Location
Text Text Text Unitless Text Text m
82 WF150 Beam 0.849 PMM DSTL4 0
1 WF200 Column 0.803 PMM DSTL4 7
2 WF200 Column 0.667 PMM 1.2 DL + 1.6 LR + 1.0 LL 0
3 WF200 Brace 0.649 PMM DSTL4 0
4 WF200 Brace 0.626 PMM 1.2 DL + 1.6 LR + 1.0 LL 5.585
83 WF150 Beam 0.335 PMM DSTL3 3.667
39 WF200 Column 0.316 PMM DSTL4 7.971
138 WF200 Column 0.303 PMM DSTL4 0
94 WF200 Column 0.303 PMM DSTL4 0
144 WF200 Column 0.291 PMM DSTL4 7
26 WF150 Beam 0.283 PMM 1.2 DL + 1.0 E + 1.0 LL 1.75
29 WF150 Beam 0.283 PMM 1.2 DL + 1.0 E + 1.0 LL 1.75
62 WF150 Beam 0.256 PMM DSTL5 0
63 WF150 Beam 0.256 PMM DSTL5 5.5
113 WF200 Column 0.209 PMM DSTL4 7.647
80 WF200 Brace 0.209 PMM DSTL4 0
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TABLE:  Steel Design 1 ‐ Summary Data ‐ AISC‐LRFD93
Frame DesignSect DesignType Ratio RatioType Combo Location
Text Text Text Unitless Text Text m
45 WF200 Brace 0.199 PMM 1.2 DL + 1.6 LR + 1.0 LL 5.585
114 WF200 Column 0.196 PMM DSTL4 7.647
100 WF200 Column 0.171 PMM DSTL3 7
84 WF150 Beam 0.141 PMM DSTL4 0
108 WF200 Brace 0.124 PMM DSTL4 1.862
104 WF200 Brace 0.119 PMM DSTL4 5.585
25 WF150 Beam 0.116 PMM DSTL1 3
28 WF150 Beam 0.116 PMM DSTL1 3
58 WF150 Beam 0.091 PMM DSTL3 0
57 WF150 Beam 0.089 PMM DSTL4 5.5
64 WF200 Column 0.07 PMM DSTL4 3
68 WF200 Column 0.067 PMM DSTL3 3
52 WF200 Column 0.057 PMM DSTL4 0
55 WF200 Brace 0.054
0 054 PMM DSTL4 4.061
4 061
53 WF200 Column 0.048 PMM DSTL4 0
51 WF200 Column 0.048 PMM DSTL3 0
81 WF200 Brace 0.031 PMM DSTL4 0
54 WF200 Brace 0.03 PMM DSTL3 0
56 WF200 Brace 0.029 PMM DSTL4 0
70 WF200 Brace 0.028 PMM DSTL4 0
27 WF150 Beam 0.027 PMM DSTL3 1.5
30 WF150 Beam 0.024 PMM DSTL3 1.5

Resume Konstruksi 
Maximal Ratio Frame 82 0.8489 < 1
so Construction is "OK"
A. FOUNDATION DATA

SOIL DATA
The depth of the foundation, Df = 0.50 m
DIMENSIONS
Foundation width x direction, Bx = 1.00 m
Foundation width y direction, By = 1.00 m
Thick foundation, h= 0.40 m
                                                                                                                                                 Page 16 of 25
Concrete Cover Thick h= 0.075 m
Column width x direction, bx = 0.28 m
Column width y direction, by = 0.20 m
The position of the column (in = 40, edge = 30, angle = 20) s = 40
MATERIAL PROPERTIES
Compressive strength of concrete, f c' = 25.0 MPa
Yield strength of steel reinforcement, fy = 390 MPa
Unit Weight concrete, c = 24 kN/m3

DESIGN LOAD FOUNDATION


Axial force due to the factored loads, Pu = 20.567 kN
Moment x direction due to the factored loads, Mux = 0.189 kNm
Moment y direction due to the factored loads, Muy = 13.040 kNm

B. SOIL BEARING CAPACITY USED

Soil bearing capacity is used: qa = 24516,6 kN/m2

C.CHECK SOIL PRESSURE

Area foot base plate, A = B x * By = 1.0000 m2


moment of inertia direction x, W x = 1/6 * B y * Bx = 2
0.1667 m3
moment of inertia direction y, W y = 1/6 * B x * By2 = 0.1667 m3
Foot high above the ground plate, z = Df - h = 0.10 m
Pressure due to heavy foot and the ground plate, q = h * c + z * = 11.249 kN/m2

Eccentricity on the foundation:


ex = Mux / Pu = 0.0092 m < Bx / 6 = 0.1667 m (OK)
ey = Muy / Pu = 0.6340 m > By / 6 = 0.1667 m (NG)
The maximum pressure that occurs at the base of the foundation:
Q=R
a1 = Bx/2 - ex = 0.4908 m
a2 = 3 a1 = 1.4725 m
qmax = 2 * Q /(3 * Bx * (By/2 - ex)) = - kN/m2
qmax = Pu / A + M ux / W x + Muy / W y + q = 111.188 kN/m2
qmax = 111.19
qmax < qa  SAFE (OK)
                                                                                                                                                 Page 17 of 25
The minimum pressure that occurs at the base of the foundation:
qmin = Pu / A - M ux / W x - Muy / W y + q = 47.556 kN/m2
qmin = 0.000 kN/m2
qmin = 47.56 kN/m2
qmin > 0  NOT TENSION (OK)

D. SHEAR FORCE FOUNDATION


1.SHEAR FORCE DIRECT X

Distance center to the outer side of the concrete reinforcement, d' = 0.0815 m
Effective foot thick plate, d = h - d' = 0.319 m
Distance fields critical to the outside of the foot plate, ax = ( Bx - bx - d ) / 2 = 0.201 m
Soil pressure at the critical field shear direction x,
qx = qmin + (Bx - ax) / Bx * (qmax - qmin) = 98.413 kN/m2
Shear direction x, Vux = [ q x + ( qmax - qx ) / 2 - q ] * a x * By = 18.780 kN
The width of the shear field to review the direction of x, b = By = 1000 mm
Footplat effective thickness, d= 319 mm
The ratio of long side to the short side of the column,  c = bx / by = 1.4000
Shear strength foot plate x direction, taken the smallest value of Vc obtained from the following equation
Vc = [ 1 + 2 /  c ] * √ fc' * b * d / 6 * 10 -3 = 644.583 kN
Vc = [ s * d / b + 2 ] * √ fc' * b * d / 12 * 10 -3 = 1956.121 kN
Vc = 1 / 6 * √ fc' * b * d * 10 -3 = 265.417 kN
Taken, shear strength foot plate,  Vc = 265.417 kN
Shear strength reduction factor,  = 0.75
Shear strength foot plate, Vc = 199.063 kN
Conditions to be met,
Vc ≥ Vux
199.063 > 18.780  SAFE (OK)
2. .SHEAR FORCE DIRECT Y

                                                                                                                                                 Page 18 of 25

Distance center to the outer side of the concrete reinforcement, d' = 0.0815 m
Effective foot thick plate, d = h - d' = 0.319 m
Distance fields critical to the outside of the foot plate, ay = ( By - by - d ) / 2 = 0.241 m
Soil pressure at the critical field shear direction y,
qy = qmin + (By - ay) / By * (qmax - qmin) = 95.868 kN/m2
Shear direction y, Vuy = [ q y + ( qmax - qy ) / 2 - q ] * a y * Bx = 22.216 kN
The width of the shear field to review the direction of y, b = Bx = 1000 mm

Footplat effective thickness, d= 319 mm


The ratio of long side to the short side of the column,  c = bx / by = 1.4000
Shear strength foot plate y direction, taken the smallest value of Vc obtained from the following equation
Vc = [ 1 + 2 /  c ] * √ fc' * b * d / 6 * 10 -3 = 644.583 kN
Vc = [ s * d / b + 2 ] * √ fc' * b * d / 12 * 10 -3 = 1956.121 kN
Vc = 1 / 6 * √ fc' * b * d * 10 -3 = 265.417 kN
Taken, shear strength foot plate,  Vc = 265.417 kN
Shear strength reduction factor,  = 0.75
Shear strength foot plate, Vc = 199.063 kN
Conditions to be met,
Vc ≥ Vux
199.063 > 22.216  SAFE (OK)

3. CHECK PUNCH SHEAR

Distance center to the outer side of the concrete reinforcement, d' = 0.0815 m
Effective foot thick plate, d = h - d' = 0.32 m
The width of the shear field puncher x direction, cx = b x + 2 * d = 0.599 m
The width of the shear field pons y direction, cy = b y + 2 * d = 0.519 m
Punch shear forces that occur,
Vup = ( Bx * By - cx * c y ) * [ ( q max + qmin ) / 2 - q ] = 46.983 kN
Wider field sliding punch, Ap = 2 * ( c x + cy ) * d = 0.712 m2
The width of the shear field pons, bp = 2 * ( c x + cy ) = 2.234 m

The ratio of the long side of an eye. the short side of the column,  c = bx / by = 1.4000
                                                                                                                                                 Page 19 of 25
Punch shear stress, taken the smallest value of V cp is obtained from the following equation:
Vcp = [ 1 + 2 /  c ] * √ fc' / 6 = 2.024 MPa
Vcp = [ s * d / b p + 2 ] * √ fc' / 12 = 3.209 MPa
Vcp = 1 / 3 * √ fc' = 1.667 MPa
The shear stress required pons, Vcp = 1.667 MPa
Punch shear strength reduction factor,  = 0.75
Punch shear strength, * Vnp = * Ap * Vcp * 103 = 889.41 kN
Terms:  * Vnp ≥ Vup
889.411 > 46.983  SAFE (OK)
 * Vnp ≥ Pu
889.411 > 20.567  SAFE (OK)

E. REINFORCEMENT

1. FLEXULAR REINFORCEMENT X DIRECTION

Distance beyond the edge of the column to the foot plate, ax = ( Bx - bx ) / 2 = 0.360 m
Soil pressure at the edge of the column,
qx = qmin + (Bx - ax) / Bx * (qmax - qmin) = 88.280 kN/m2

Moments that occur in the foundation plate due to soil pressure


Mux = 1/2 * a x2 * [ q x + 2/3 * ( q max - qx ) - q ] * B y = 5.981 kNm

The width of the foundation plate under review, b = By = 1000 mm


Foundation plate thickness, h= 400 mm
Distance center reinforcement thd. the outside of the concrete, d' = 81.5 mm
Effective plate thickness, d = h - d' = 319 mm
Compressive strength of concrete, f c' = 25 MPa
Yield strength of steel reinforcement, fy = 390 MPa
Elastic modulus of steel, Es = 2.00E+05 MPa
Concrete stress distribution factor, 1 = 0.85
b =  1* 0.85 * f c’/ fy * 600 / ( 600 + fy ) = 0.028069153
Flexural strength reduction factor,  = 0.80
Rmax = 0.75 * b * fy * [1-½*0.75* b * fy / ( 0.85 * f c’ ) ] = 6.624
Mn = M ux /  = 7.477 kNm
Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d 2 ) = 0.07370
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Required reinforcement ratio,
 = 0.85 * f c’ / f y * [ 1 -  {1 – 2 * R n / ( 0.85 * f c’ ) } ] = 0.0002
The minimum reinforcement ratio, min = 0.0035
Reinforcement ratio used,  aktual= 0.0035
The area of reinforcement is required, As = aktual* b * d = 1114.75 mm2

Diameter of reinforcement is used, D 16 mm


                                                                                                                                                 Page 20 of 25
Distance reinforcement is required, s =  / 4 * D2 * b / As = 180 mm
Maximum reinforcement spacing, smax = 200 mm
Distance reinforcement is used,  s= 180 mm
Used reinforcement, D 16 - 180
The area of reinforcement used, As =  / 4 * D2 * b / s = 1117.01 mm2

2. FLEXULAR REINFORCEMENT Y DIRECTION

Distance beyond the edge of the column to the foot plate, ay = ( By - by ) / 2 = 0.400 m
Soil pressure at the edge of the column,
qy = qmin + (By - ay) / By * (qmax - qmin) = 85.735 kN/m2

Moments that occur in the foundation plate due to soil pressure


Muy = 1/2 * a y2 * [ q y + 2/3 * ( q max - qy ) - q ] * B x = 7.316 kNm
The width of the foundation plate under review, b = Bx = 1000 mm
Foundation plate thickness, h= 400 mm
Distance center reinforcement thd. the outside of the concrete, d' = 82 mm
Effective plate thickness, d = h - d' = 319 mm
Compressive strength of concrete, f c' = 25 MPa
Yield strength of steel reinforcement, fy = 390 MPa
Elastic modulus of steel, Es = 2.00E+05 MPa
Concrete stress distribution factor, 1 = 0.85
b =  1* 0.85 * f c’/ fy * 600 / ( 600 + fy ) = 0.028069153
Flexural strength reduction factor,  = 0.80
Rmax = 0.75 * b * fy * [1-½*0.75* b * fy / ( 0.85 * f c’ ) ] = 6.624
Mn = M uy /  = 9.145 kNm
Rn = Mn * 106 / ( b * d 2 ) = 0.09015
Rn < Rmax  (OK)
Required reinforcement ratio,
 = 0.85 * f c’ / f y * [ 1 -  {1 – 2 * R n / ( 0.85 * f c’ ) } ] = 0.0002
The minimum reinforcement ratio, min = 0.0035
Reinforcement ratio used,  aktual= 0.0035

The area of reinforcement is required, As = aktual* b * d = 1114.75 mm2

Diameter of reinforcement is used, D 16 mm


Distance reinforcement is required, s =  / 4 * D2 * b / As = 180 mm
Maximum reinforcement spacing, smax = 200 mm
Distance reinforcement is used,  s= 180 mm
Used reinforcement, D 16 - 180
The area of reinforcement used, As =  / 4 * D2 * b / s = 1117.01 mm2

                                                                                                                                                 Page 21 of 25

3. REINFORCING SHRINKAGE

Minimum shrinkage reinforcement ratio, smin = 0.0018


Shrinkage reinforcement wide x direction, A sx = smin* d * B x = 573.300 mm2
Extensive shrinkage reinforcement y direction, A sy = smin* d * B y = 573.300 mm2

Diameter of reinforcement is used, D 16 mm

Distance reinforcement shrinkage direction x, s x =  / 4 * 2 * By / Asx = 351 mm


Shrinkage reinforcement maximum distance x direction, sx,max = 200 mm
Distance x direction shrinkage reinforcement is used,  sx = 200 mm
Shrinkage reinforcement distance y direction, s y =  / 4 * 2 * Bx / Asy = 351 mm
The maximum shrinkage reinforcement distance y direction, sy,max = 200 mm
Distance y direction shrinkage reinforcement is used,  sy = 200 mm
Used shrinkage reinforcement direction x, D 16 - 150
Used shrinkage reinforcement y direction, D 16 - 150
LAMPIRAN - B
OUTPUT SAP 2000
SAP2000 11/29/19 13:58:15

SAP2000 v14.0.0 - File:006 COLD STORAGE PPLI BACAN - Frame Span Loads (BEBAN ANGIN) (As Defined) - Kgf, m, C Units
SAP2000 11/29/19 13:56:07

SAP2000 v14.0.0 - File:006 COLD STORAGE PPLI BACAN - Frame Span Loads (BEBAN ATAP) (As Defined) - Kgf, m, C Units
SAP2000 11/29/19 13:59:27

SAP2000 v14.0.0 - File:006 COLD STORAGE PPLI BACAN - Joint Reactions (BEBAN GEMPA X) - Kgf, m, C Units
SAP2000 11/29/19 14:00:11

SAP2000 v14.0.0 - File:006 COLD STORAGE PPLI BACAN - Joint Reactions (BEBAN GEMPA Y) - Kgf, m, C Units
SAP2000 11/29/19 13:58:57

SAP2000 v14.0.0 - File:006 COLD STORAGE PPLI BACAN - Frame Span Loads (BEBAN HUJAN) (As Defined) - Kgf, m, C Units
SAP2000 11/29/19 10:53:05

0.00 0.50 0.70 0.90 1.00

SAP2000 v14.0.0 - File:006 COLD STORAGE PPLI BACAN - Steel P-M Interaction Ratios (AISC-LRFD93) - Kgf, m, C Units